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# Physical Science Class

Todays Topics:
Waves and Wave Properties
To begin class..
Open your Science Notebooks

What do you think of when you hear the
word wave?
Write a brief description in your science
notebook of what you think a wave is

How can we describe a wave?
A Wave is disturbance that transfers
energy from 1 place to another

Lets Review Key Terms
Medium: the matter a wave passes through
Amplitude (height): the distance a medium
rises or falls from its resting point
Wavelength: the distance from any 1 point
on a wave to an identical point on the next
weave. This measures the length of 1 cycle
Image source:
http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/waves/Less
on-1/Categories-of-Waves
Longitudinal vs. Transverse
Waves
Lets view a simulation

http://www.animatedscience.co.uk/blog/wp
wave.html

Surface Waves
A combination of
transverse and longitudinal.
An example is an Ocean Wave: As a wave
travels through the medium (water), the
particles of that medium travel in clockwise
circles.
As a wave heads into shore, the top of the
wave is free but the bottom of the wave
becomes constricted, causing the waves crest
to build. Eventually the water is unable to
support the wave and it breaks
Lets watch and see how a waves
crest builds
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/4136289.stm
This shows a simulation on how a tsunami is
formed

You Tube has many videos of the 2004 Tsunami
waves and the destruction

Parts of a Wave
The wavelength, , of a wave is the
distance from any point on one wave to
the same point on the next wave along
Image courtesy of:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/standard/physics/telecommunications/communication
_using_waves/revision/5/
Parts of a Wave
The amplitude, a, of a wave is the
distance from the centre line (or the still
position) to the top of a crest or to the
bottom of a trough. Measured in meters
Parts of a Wave
The frequency, f, of a wave is the number
of waves passing a point in a certain time.
We normally use a time of one second, so
this gives frequency the unit hertz (Hz),
since one hertz is equal to one wave per
second
Video - Parts of a Wave
http://safeshare.tv/w/SkYbVfMRpv

Lets Play!! Waves Review and Practice
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Question 1?
A wave is a disturbance that transfers
______ from 1 place to another
energy

light
matter

water

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Question 2?
Name the 3 types of waves
Ocean, land, water

Compression, longitudinal,
surface
Transverse, surface, compression

Longitudinal, transverse,
surface

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Question 3?
How is amplitude measured in units?
feet

yards
meters

Meters/seconds

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Question 4?
The distance crest to crest is:
amplitude

wavelength
frequency

meters

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Question 5?
1 hertz is equal to 1 wave per _________
inches

second
hour

minute

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Question 6?
Ocean waves are _______
Compression waves

Longitudinal waves
Transverse waves

Surface waves

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Question 7?
Transverse waves move:
Up and down

circular
Side to side

longitudinal

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Question 8?
Frequency of a wave is the # of
waves passing a point in:
1 minute

A certain time
1 hour

Meters per second

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Question 9?
Hz stands for
height

Hertz/second
hertz

horsepower

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Question 10?
The matter a wave passes through is:
matter

soil
air

medium

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