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Pipe is normally used to convey fluids, so the internal cross-sectional area (defined by the ID) is important Pipe is specified by the nominal diameter (DN or NPS) and Schedule (Thickness) as per ASME B36.10M , ASME B36.19M and API 5L
Tubing is more frequently used in structures so the OD is the important number Tube is specified by the outside diameter and thickness
Wall thickness under tolerance is up to 12.5% applied for all pipes as and welded fittings as per ASME B16.9
-No permissible wall thickness under tolerance for tube sizes less than 2 in -For tubes 2 in and larger the permissible wall thickness under tolerance is up to 10% for seamless tubes and up to 5% for welded tubes As per ASME PBV code, Sec. II , SA450
By: Baher EL Shaikh