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You are on page 1of 16

Mrs. Jenkins

Variables

• A variable is an alphabetic letter that

represents an unknown amount or number.

Equation

• An equation is like a balance

scale because it shows that two

quantities are equal.

• What you do to one side of the

equation must also be done to

the other side to keep it

balanced.

One Step Equations

• To solve one step equations, you need to ask

three questions about the equation:

• What is the variable?

• What operation is performed on the variable?

• What is the inverse operation?

• (The one that will undo what is being

done to the variable)

One Step Equations

• Example 1 Solve x + 4 = 12

• What is the variable?

The variable is x.

• What operation is performed on the variable?

The operation being performed is addition.

• What is the inverse operation?

The inverse operation is subtraction.

• Using the subtraction property of equality, subtract 4 from both sides of

the equation.

• The subtraction property of equality tells us to subtract the same

thing on both sides to keep the equation equal

• x + 4 = 12

- 4 - 4

X= 8

Try these Examples

• 1.) 5 + n = 12

• 2.) n + 3 = 9

• 3.) 3n = 21

Check your answers!

• 1.)n= 7

• 2.)n= 6

• 3.) n=7

Two Step Equation

• An example of a two step equation can be

written in this form: Ax + B = C.

• Numerically written: Ex. 5x + 2 = 17

Solving Two Step Equations

• Step1

• Solve for any Addition or Subtraction on the

variable side of equation by “undoing” the

operation from both sides of the equation.

• Step 2

• Solve any Multiplication or Division from variable

side of equation by “undoing” the operation from

both sides of the equation.

Opposite Operations

Addition Subtraction

Multiplication Division

Helpful Hints?

Identify what operations are on the

variable side. (Add, Sub, Mult, Div)

“Undo” the operation by using opposite

operations.

Whatever you do to one side, you must

do to the other side to keep equation

balanced.

Ex. 1: Solve 4x – 5 = 11

4x – 5 = 15

+5 +5 (Add 5 to both sides)

4x = 20 (Simplify)

4 4 (Divide both sides by 4)

x = 5 (Simplify)

Try These Examples

1. 2x – 5 = 17

2. 3y + 7 = 25

3. 5n – 2 = 38

4. 12b + 4 = 28

Check your answers!!!

1. x = 11

2. y = 6

3. n = 8

4. b = 2

Translating Word Problems into

Equations

• Translating Word Problems into Equations

• Most of the time when someone says “word problems” there is automatic panic. But word problems do

not have to be the worst part of a math class. By setting up a system and following it, you can be

successful with word problems. So what should you do? Here are some recommended steps : Read the

problem carefully and figure out what it is asking you to find.

• Usually, but not always, you can find this information at the end of the problem. Assign a variable to the

quantity you are trying to find.

• Most people choose to use x, but feel free to use any variable you like. For example, if you are being asked

to find a number, some students like to use the variable n. It is your choice. Write down what

the variable represents.

• At the time you decide what the variable will represent, you may think there is no need to write that down

in words. However, by the time you read the problem several more times and solve the equation, it is easy

to forget where you started. Re-read the problem and write an equation for the quantities given in the

problem.

• This is where most students feel they have the most trouble. The only way to truly master this step is

through lots of practice. Be prepared to do a lot of problems.

• Solve the equation.

• Your answer should not only make sense logically, but it should also make the equation true.

•

Practice Time

• Let's Practice: When 6 is added to four times a number, the result is 50. Find the number.

• Step 1: What are we trying to find? A number.

• Step 2: Assign a variable for the number. Let’s call it n.

• Step 3: Write down what the variable represents. Let n = a number

• Step 4: Write an equation. We are told 6 is added to 4 times a number. Since n represents the

number, four times the number would be 4n. If 6 is added to that, we get . We know that answer is

50, so now we have an equation. 6+4n=50

• Step 5: Solve the equation. 6+ 4n =50

-6 -6

4n = 44

n = 11

• Step 6: Answer the question in the problem. The problem asks us to find a number. We decided

that n would be the number, so we have n = 11. The number we are looking for is 11.

• Step 7: Check the answer. The answer makes sense and checks in our equation from Step 4.

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