Notes On Koine Greek: Part 11

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1) Case: As we have seen, one should approach Greek nouns in a way similar to that of Greek verbs, namely, morphologically. That is, one should ALWAYS look at the morphemes first! In the last set of notes (#10), we became acquainted with the “cases” of Greek nouns. Here is a chart which will help you familiarize yourself with the various functions of the Greek cases (*Note that within the 5 main cases, there are often other cases, they are less prominent and are italicized and emboldened in the list here in the “function” column): Case Name - Abbreviation Nominative (N) Genitive (G) Function To name, designate, point out Possession, description Ablative Case: Separation, origin, source Personal Interest, Reception Locative: Location Instrumental: Use, Means, Means by which Extent or limit to which action of verb extends Direct address Helping Words / Ideas Subject; predicate nominative Of; ’s From; out of To; for; In; on; at By; with; indirect object Direct Object Direct Address

Dative (D)

Accusative (A) Vocative (V)

2) Mnemonic Devices: A couple of mnemonic devices I have used to remember the “cases” are 1) NGDAV or DangV, and/or, 2) The acronym of N.G.D.A.V. – “Now Greek Declensions Are Valuable”. nd 3) 2 Groups for 2 Declension: The 2nd Declension has 2 main groups into which it can be divided: a) Nom. Sg. Ends in “oj”, or 2) Nom. Sg. Ends in “on”. See the table below for more on this. 4) Verb & Noun Suffix Morphemes: Here are 2 tables containing the suffix morphemes for the verb & noun forms we’ve learned so far: Present/Future Active Indicative SG w eij ei PL men te ousi (n) 2nd Declension “oj” N - Sg G - Sg D - Sg A - Sg V - Sg N - Pl G - Pl D - Pl A - Pl oj ou w| on e oi wn oij ouj 2nd Declension “on” N - Sg G - Sg D - Sg A - Sg V - Sg N - Pl G - Pl D - Pl A - Pl on ou w| on on a wn oij a

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