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June 2013

Welcome to grade 12 biology! This course will provide an opportunity for an in-depth study of the concepts and processes that occur in biological
systems. You will learn the theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biochemistry, metabolic processes, molecular genetics, homeostasis,
and population dynamics. Emphasis will be placed on the achievement of detailed knowledge and the refinement of skills needed for further study in
various branches of the life sciences and related fields. Please read the following document paying close attention to your responsibilities and how
you will be evaluated. Good luck!

Resources
Teacher: Mrs.Assim
Phone: 416.395.3330 x 20095
Email: macbioteacher@gmail.com
Course Website:
https://sites.google.com/site/macsciencecafe/

Textbook: The grade 12 biology textbook is
Campbell Biology 6
th
edition. The replacement cost of the textbook
is $115.

Booklets: On a regular basis your teacher will use information and
worksheets that have been compiled into a complete booklet by the
Mackenzie Science Department. These booklets are available for
free download (see link below). You will be expected to come to
class with the appropriate pages from the booklets.
https://sites.google.com/site/mac12biology/booklets-and-resources

Tools for Success/Learning Skills
Responsibility
Understand and follow this course outline
and the policies outlined in the Science
Department Safety Policy Document.
Arrive on time
Come prepared to work with all necessary
tools

Organization
Keep an organized notebook
Keep an organized calendar of important
dates

Independent
Work
Stay on task
Avoid disrupting the learning of others.
Do homework regularly and complete all
assigned work
Review/study the work often

Collaboration
Be a responsible group member.
Help your peers succeed by sharing ideas,
tutoring and studying together
Prepare for labs as a team with a focus on
each others safety

Initiative
Be active participants in the classroom
Ask questions when unsure of the material
& seek extra help when needed.
Ensure that you get any missed handouts
and catch up on missed work

Self-
Regulation
Set goals and make good choices regarding
academic success.
Respect yourself, classmates and teachers.
Assessment and Evaluation
The primary purpose of assessment and evaluation is to improve
student learning. Assessment can take on one of three forms
(described below). See page 31 of Growing Success for a detailed
description of assessment.

Diagnostic
Assessment FOR learning determines how learning
should proceed at the beginning of a unit.

Formative
Assessment AS learning provides feedback for a student
to determine where improvement is needed. An
example of this is homework.

Summative
Assessment OF learning evaluates what a student has
learned at the conclusion of a unit/course. An example
of this is a test or exam.

Evaluation of student achievement will be defined by four broad
Achievement Categories (described below). The category weighting
for semester work is shown.

Semester Work 70%

Knowledge &
Understanding
Specific content acquired in the
course and the comprehension
of its meaning and significance.
30%

Thinking &
Investigation
The use of critical and creative
thinking skills and inquiry,
research, and problem-solving
skills.
16%

Communication
The conveying of meaning
through various forms.
12%

Application
The use of knowledge and skills
to make connections within and
between various contexts.
12%

Final Exam
(may include a lab and/or culminating activity
component up to 10%)
30%

Accommodations/Modifications
Accommodations will be made by the teacher to meet your needs to
the best of his/her ability. Modifications to programs may occur in
consultation with you, your parent/guardian and school team. You
and your teacher will work together to ensure successful learning.

WILLIAM LYON MACKENZIE
COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE
SBI4U GRADE 12 UNIVERSITY BIOLOGY COURSE OUTLINE
Prerequisite: Grade 11 Biology (SBI3U)

June 2013
Cheating/Plagiarism
Examples of plagiarism include copying or paraphrasing from a source (electronic or print) without acknowledging the source. Copying a fellow
classmates work is plagiarism. Any evaluation in which plagiarism/cheating is identified will receive a mark of zero. Please refer to student agenda
for further explanation and citation information.

Late and Missed Assignments
The Evaluation of Late and Missed Assignments
Students are responsible for completing and submitting work for evaluation on time. They are responsible for being aware of each due date and
the ultimate deadline which is the last opportunity to submit an assignment for evaluation.
Sufficient time and notice will be given for tests and for students to complete assignments. There are a number of strategies to be used to help
prevent and/or address late and missed assignments which may be employed by the teacher as outlined in Growing Success page 43. When a
number of strategies have been tried, marks may be deducted up to and including the full value of the assignment.

Missed Tests and Presentations
If a student is aware that they will miss a scheduled test/presentation they must advise the teacher ahead of time and an alternate arrangement
will be made between the student and teacher. On the day of the absence alternate arrangements will be made provided there is parental
notification to the office and the teacher that the test/presentation will be missed. Professional judgment will be used by the teacher in
determining the evaluation of missed tests and presentations.

Overall Course Expectations
Specific expectations can be found at the Ministry of Educations Website: http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/curriculum/secondary/science.html

A. SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATION SKILLS AND CAREER EXPLORATION
(integrated throughout semester)
Throughout this course, students will:
A1. demonstrate scientific investigation skills (related to both inquiry and
research) in the four areas of skills (initiating and planning, performing
and recording, analysing and interpreting, and communicating);
A2. identify and describe careers related to the fields of science under
study, and describe contributions of scientists, including Canadians, to
those fields.

B. BIOCHEMISTRY (5 weeks)
Technological applications that affect biological processes and cellular
functions are used in the food, pharmaceutical, and medical industries.
Biological molecules and their chemical properties affect cellular
processes and biochemical reactions.
Biochemical compounds play important structural and functional roles
in cells of all living organisms.

By the end of this course, students will:
B1. analyse technological applications of enzymes in some industrial
processes, and evaluate technological advances in the field of cellular
biology;
B2. investigate the chemical structures, functions, and chemical properties
of biological molecules involved in some common cellular processes
and biochemical reactions;
B3. demonstrate an understanding of the structures and functions of
biological molecules, and the biochemical reactions required to
maintain normal cellular function.

C. METABOLIC PROCESSES (3 weeks)
All metabolic processes involve chemical changes and energy
conversions.
An understanding of metabolic processes enables people to make
informed choices with respect to a range of personal, societal, and
environmental issues.

By the end of this course, students will:
C1. analyse the role of metabolic processes in the functioning of biotic and
abiotic systems, and evaluate the importance of an understanding of
these processes and related technologies to personal choices made in
everyday life;
C2. investigate the products of metabolic processes such as cellular
respiration and photosynthesis;
C3. demonstrate an understanding of the chemical changes and energy
conversions that occur in metabolic processes.

D. MOLECULAR GENETICS (5 weeks)
DNA contains all the genetic information for any living organism.
Proteins control a wide variety of cellular processes.
Genetic research and biotechnology have social, legal, and ethical
implications.

By the end of this course, students will:
D1. analyse some of the social, ethical, and legal issues associated with
genetic research and biotechnology;
D2. investigate, through laboratory activities, the structures of cell
components and their roles in processes that occur within the cell;
D3. demonstrate an understanding of concepts related to molecular
genetics, and how genetic modification is applied in industry and
agriculture.

E. HOMEOSTASIS (5 weeks)
Organisms have strict limits on the internal conditions that they can
tolerate.
Systems that maintain homeostasis rely on feedback mechanisms.
Environmental factors can affect homeostasis.

By the end of this course, students will:
E1. evaluate the impact on the human body of selected chemical
substances and of environmental factors related to human activity;
E2. investigate the feedback mechanisms that maintain homeostasis in
living organisms;
E3. demonstrate an understanding of the anatomy and physiology of
human body systems, and explain the mechanisms that enable the
body to maintain homeostasis.

F. POPULATION DYNAMICS (1 week)
Population growth follows predictable patterns.
The increased consumption of resources and production of waste
associated with population growth result in specific stresses that affect
Earth's sustainability.
Technological developments can contribute to or help offset the
ecological footprint associated with population growth and the
consumption of natural resources.

By the end of this course, students will:
F1. analyse the relationships between population growth, personal
consumption, technological development, and our ecological footprint,
and assess the effectiveness of some Canadian initiatives intended to
assist expanding populations;
F2. investigate the characteristics of population growth, and use models to
calculate the growth of populations within an ecosystem;
F3. demonstrate an understanding of concepts related to population
growth, and explain the factors that affect the growth of various
populations of species.