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UniversityofSantoTomas

FacultyofEngineering
ChemicalEngineeringDepartment
Chapter3:Methodology
Fallaria,MichelleH.
Lim,KimberlyS.
Pacamarra,KatrineL.
The study mainly focuses on the effect of the acetic acid concentration to the voltage
andpoweroutputofthesoilbattery.
3.1SoilAnalysis
1kg of soil was gathered from the University of Santo Tomas Benavides Park and
brought to the Bureau of Soils and Water Management (BSWM). The soil sample was
analyzed to determine the moisture content, pH, electrical conductivity, exchangeable acid,
cation exchange capacity, and exchangeable bases particularly magnesium, sodium, and
potassium.
3.2AceticAcidPreparation
Acetic acid concentrations of 0.5M, 1M, 1.5M, 2M, 2.5M will be prepared by diluting
concentrated acetic acid in water. Using the formula C
1
V
1
=C
2
V
2
, the volume of the
requiredaceticacid,tomake100mLofsolution,willbecalculated.
3.3SoilBatteryPreparation
A number of cells will be filled with equal mass of soil. The soil will then be
mixed with the calculated volume of acetic acid having a mass ratio of 0.2. Using the
electrodes galvanized iron, anode, and copper, cathode, the cells will be connected in
seriesusingalligatorclamps.
3.4EffectofAceticAcidConcentrationtotheVoltageOutput
Acetic acid with concentrations of 0.5M, 1M, 1.5M, 2M and 2.5M will be added to
the soil and the voltage will then be measured using the digital multimeter. The soil battery
will then be connected to a red LED light. The brightness of the LED light will be observed
perconcentrationofaceticacidandwillbecomparedtooneanother.