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An Integrated Lesson Sequence for


Patriarchal Family
Developed by Yza Denise L. Delos Reyes

OBJECTIVES
A. Realize that
1. It is important to accept our role in the family.
2. Accepting our role as a member of the family will
give the family a harmonious relationship.
B. Appreciate the different roles of members in the family.
1. Listing the different roles of each member in the
family.
2. Discussing the importance of each role in a family.
C. Interviewing their classmate on how they accept their role
in their family.
D. Apply Skimming and Scanning in the given passage.
SUBJECT MATTER
Subject: Why Women wash the Dishes
Materials: Hand-out (copy of the story)
Pictographs
Visual Aids

PROCEDURE
A. PRE-READING
1. Unlocking of Difficulties
The teacher will post a chart. The unfamiliar words are
written on it with definition.
1. Developing a Purpose for Reading
the students will be asked the following questions:
Who are the members of your family?
What are the roles of each member of your
family?
As a member, do you love your role in your
family?

B. READING
1. Previewing
The Teacher will give the students the hand out for the
copy of the essay. Some students will be called to read
the each stanza.
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POST READING
A. Engagement Activity 1
The students will be asked to do the following:
1. Create a group with five members.
2. The group will discuss on the theme of the essay and
what moral they can get from it.
3. Given the materials, they will make their poster
about the theme.
4. One member will explain their work.
B. Engagement Activity 2
1. The group will exchange their works to the work of
the other groups.
2. One representative will give their comments about
the work of their classmates.
3. They can add drawings or colors to the work of their
classmate.
4. One member will explain the reason why they add a
certain drawing or word to the work of their
classmate.


ENRICHMENT
a. On a one whole sheet of paper, make a poem
about accepting the rules in the family.
b. Write other rules that you think are important in the
family.
c. If you were to have your own family someday, what are
the rules you are going to implement? Show it through an
abstract drawing.
d. Make a reflection about the story.

SKILLS DEVELOPMENT I:
Step 1: Answer the following:
1. Where did Ka Ugong and his wife live? ________________
2. What is the reason of their everyday quarrel? __________
Step 2: Teaching/ Modeling
The questions that you had answered show the use of
Skimming and Scanning in reading a passag.
Skimming and Scanning
Delos Reyes, Y.
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Skimming and Scanning are two specific speed-reading
techniques, which enable you to cover a vast amount of
material very rapidly. These techniques are similar in process
but different in purpose. Quickly looking over an article is
neither Skimming or Scanning. Both require specific steps to be
followed.

Skimming refers to the process of reading only main ideas
within a passage to get an overall impression of the content of a
reading selection.

How to Skim:

Read the title.
Read the introduction or the first paragraph.
Read the first sentence of every other paragraph.
Read any headings and sub-headings.
Notice any pictures, charts, or graphs.
Notice any italicized or boldface words or phrases.
Read the summary or last paragraph

Scanning is a reading technique to be used when you want to
find specific information quickly. In scanning you have a
question in your mind and you read a passage only to find the
answer, ignoring unrelated information.
How to Scan

State the specific information you are looking
for.

Try to anticipate how the answer will appear and what
clues you might use to help you locate the answer. For
example, if you were looking for a certain date, you
would quickly read the paragraph looking only for
numbers.

Use headings and any other aids that will help you
identify which sections might contain the information
you are looking for.

Selectively read and skip through sections of the
passage.

Step 3: Guided Practice
Direction: Read the Passage and answer the questions below.
Delos Reyes, Y.
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A Later Start is a Better Start
Studies by sleep researchers agree that teenagers need
approximately 9-10 hours of sleep a night -- and that most of
them dont get enough rest. A survey of more than 3,000
students revealed that the adolescents total sleep time
decreased by 40 to 50 minutes between the ages of 13 and 19
and that students who got the least sleep made the lowest
grades (Woilson & Carskadon, 1998). Researchers also found
that adolescents undergo a shift in the brains natural sleep
cycle that causes them to go to sleep later and get up later than
they were younger. Ironically, most secondary schools start
earlier than elementary schools, creating a schedule that is out
of sync with adolescents biological rhythms.
In order to squeeze in a little extra sleep, many teens get up too
late to eat breakfast. Then theyve compounded their problem:
Theyre sleepy, tired, irritable, hungry, and undernourished for
the demands school will make on their bodies and minds. Is
there a solution to the problem of sleep-deprived teens?
Fortunately, yes. Start high school classes at 10:00 am. This
would allow students to get the rest they need and not work
against their natural biological rhythms. Research
has shown that teens tend to be least alert
and most stressed early in the morning. Staring
school later in the morning would enable them to start their day in a
calmer fashion. Finally, according to researchers Crouter
and Larson (1998), Starting school later would
maximize students ability to concentrate. Being more alert
and able to concentrate means better performance in school
and higher grades.
I. Answer the following:
1. The main idea of paragraph one is?
2. The main idea of paragraph two is?
3. How much sleep teens get and how much they need?
What usually happen to students who got the least
sleep?
4. According to the researchers, what is the possible
solution to the problem of sleep-deprived teens?
5. According to researchers Crouter and Larson, What is
the advantage of starting school classes later in the
morning?
Delos Reyes, Y.
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Step 4: Independent practice/Wrap Up
Direction: Read the Passage and answer the two sets of
questions below.

Every second, one hectare of the world's rainforest is destroyed.
That's equivalent to two football fields. An area the size of New
York City is lost every day. In a year, that adds up to 31 million
hectares -- more than the land area of Poland. This alarming
rate of destruction has serious consequences for the
environment; scientists estimate, for example, that 137 species
of plant, insect or animal become extinct every day due to
logging. In British Columbia, where, since 1990, thirteen
rainforest valleys have been clear-cut, 142 species of salmon
have already become extinct, and the habitats of grizzly bears,
wolves and many other creatures are threatened.
Logging, however, provides jobs, profits, taxes for the
government and cheap products of all kinds for consumers, so
the government is reluctant to restrict or control it.

Much of Canada's forestry production goes towards making
pulp and paper. According to the Canadian Pulp and
Paper Association, Canada supplies 34% of the
world's wood pulp and 49% of its newsprint paper.
If these paper products could be produced in some other
way, Canadian forests could be preserved. Recently, a
possible alternative way of producing paper has been
suggested by agriculturalists and
environmentalists: a plant called hemp.
Hemp has been cultivated by many cultures for thousands of
years. It produces fiber which can be made into paper, fuel, oils,
textiles, food, and rope. For centuries, it was essential to the
economies of many countries because it was used to make the
ropes and cables used on sailing ships; colonial expansion and
the establishment of a world-wide trading network would not
have been feasible without hemp. Nowadays, ships' cables are
usually made from wire or synthetic fibers, but scientists are
now suggesting that the cultivation of hemp should be revived
for the production of paper and pulp. According to its
proponents, four times as much paper can be produced from
Delos Reyes, Y.
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land using hemp rather than trees, and many environmentalists
believe that the large-scale cultivation of hemp could reduce
the pressure on Canada's forests.
However, there is a problem: hemp is illegal in many countries
of the world. This plant, so useful for fibre, rope, oil, fuel and
textiles, is a species of cannabis, related to the plant from which
marijuana is produced. In the late 1930s, a movement to ban
the drug marijuana began to gather force, resulting in the
eventual banning of the cultivation not only of the plant used to
produce the drug, but also of the commercial fibre-producing
hemp plant. Although both George Washington and Thomas
Jefferson grew hemp in large quantities on their own land, any
American growing the plant today would soon find himself in
prison -- despite the fact that marijuana cannot be produced
from the hemp plant, since it contains almost no THC (the active
ingredient in the drug).
In recent years, two major movements for legalization have
been gathering strength. One group of activists believes that
ALL cannabis should be legal -- both the hemp plant and the
marijuana plant -- and that the use of the drug marijuana should
not be an offense. They argue that marijuana is not dangerous
or addictive, and that it is used by large numbers of
people who are not criminals but productive
members of society. They also point out that
marijuana is less toxic than alcohol or tobacco. The other
legalization movement is concerned only with the hemp
plant used to produce fiber; this group wants to make it
legal to cultivate the plant and sell the fiber for paper and pulp
production. This second group has had a major triumph
recently: in 1997, Canada legalized the farming of hemp for
fiber. For the first time since 1938, hundreds of farmers are
planting this crop, and soon we can expect to see pulp and
paper produced from this new source.
Skimming
Answer the Following:
1.The main idea of paragraph one is: Logging is destroying the
rainforests.
Governments make money from logging.
Delos Reyes, Y.
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2.The main idea of paragraph two is: Canada is a major supplier
of paper and pulp.

3.The main idea of paragraph three is: Hemp has been
cultivated throughout history.

4.The main idea of paragraph four is: Hemp is illegal in many
countries of the world.
Hemp is useful for producing many things.
5. The main idea of paragraph five is: Recently, many people
have been working to legalize hemp.
Hemp was made illegal in 1938
Scanning
Answer the Following:
1. How long does it take for 100 hectares of rainforest to be
destroyed? Less than two minutes
2. Why is pulp and paper production important to Canada?
Pulp and paper export is a major source of income for
Canada.
3. Why was the plant hemp essential to world-wide trade in
the past? Ships' ropes were made from it.
Hemp was a very profitable export.
4. Why do agriculturalists think that hemp would
be better for paper production than trees?
More paper can be produced from the same area
of land.
5. When was hemp production banned in Canada? 1930
6. Why was hemp banned? It is related to the marijuana plant
and It can be used to produce marijuana
7. What chemical ingredient of cannabis plants is a powerful
drug?
fibre, rope, oil, fuel and textiles

Evaluation
Complete the diagram.
What are the roles of members in the family? Expound it in
your own words.
Delos Reyes, Y.
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Write the importance of accepting your roles in the family.

Assignment

Interview your relatives regarding their point of
view about their roles in their family. Make sure to document
the whole interview session.

On a one whole sheet of paper, write your reflection.






Father
Mother
Children
other
members
importance
of accepting
your roles in
the family
Delos Reyes, Y.
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Instructional Materials
Picture





Hand-out 1
Every second, one hectare of the world's rainforest is destroyed. That's equivalent to two football fields.
An area the size of New York City is lost every day. In a year, that adds up to 31 million hectares -- more
Delos Reyes, Y.
Page | 10

than the land area of Poland. This alarming rate of destruction has serious consequences for the
environment; scientists estimate, for example, that 137 species of plant, insect or animal become extinct
every day due to logging. In British Columbia, where, since 1990, thirteen rainforest valleys have been
clear-cut, 142 species of salmon have already become extinct, and the habitats of grizzly bears, wolves
and many other creatures are threatened. Logging, however, provides jobs, profits, taxes for the
government and cheap products of all kinds for consumers, so the government is reluctant to restrict or
control it.

Much of Canada's forestry production goes towards making pulp and paper. According to the Canadian
Pulp and Paper Association, Canada supplies 34% of the world's wood pulp and 49% of its newsprint
paper. If these paper products could be produced in some other way, Canadian forests could be
preserved. Recently, a possible alternative way of producing paper has been suggested by
agriculturalists and environmentalists: a plant called hemp.

Hemp has been cultivated by many cultures for thousands of years. It produces fiber which can be made
into paper, fuel, oils, textiles, food, and rope. For centuries, it was essential to the economies of many
countries because it was used to make the ropes and cables used on sailing ships; colonial expansion
and the establishment of a world-wide trading network would not have been feasible without hemp.
Nowadays, ships' cables are usually made from wire or synthetic fibers, but scientists are now
suggesting that the cultivation of hemp should be revived for the production of paper and pulp.
According to its proponents, four times as much paper can be produced from land using hemp rather
than trees, and many environmentalists believe that the large-scale cultivation of hemp could reduce
the pressure on Canada's forests.

However, there is a problem: hemp is illegal in many countries of the world. This plant, so useful for
fibre, rope, oil, fuel and textiles, is a species of cannabis, related to the plant from which marijuana is
produced. In the late 1930s, a movement to ban the drug marijuana began to gather force, resulting in
the eventual banning of the cultivation not only of the plant used to produce the drug, but also of the
commercial fibre-producing hemp plant. Although both George Washington and Thomas Jefferson grew
hemp in large quantities on their own land, any American growing the plant today would soon find
himself in prison -- despite the fact that marijuana cannot be produced from the hemp plant, since it
contains almost no THC (the active ingredient in the drug).

In recent years, two major movements for legalization have been gathering strength. One group of
activists believes that ALL cannabis should be legal -- both the hemp plant and the marijuana plant -- and
that the use of the drug marijuana should not be an offense. They argue that marijuana is not dangerous
Page | 11

or addictive, and that it is used by large numbers of people who are not criminals but productive
members of society. They also point out that marijuana is less toxic than alcohol or tobacco. The other
legalization movement is concerned only with the hemp plant used to produce fiber; this group wants to
make it legal to cultivate the plant and sell the fiber for paper and pulp production. This second group
has had a major triumph recently: in 1997, Canada legalized the farming of hemp for fiber. For the first
time since 1938, hundreds of farmers are planting this crop, and soon we can expect to see pulp and
paper produced from this new source.
Pulp Friction: Timed Skimming Exercise
Handout 2
A Later Start is a Better Start
Studies by sleep researchers agree that teenagers need approximately 9-10 hours of sleep a night -- and that most
of them dont get enough rest. A survey of more than 3,000 students revealed that the adolescents total sleep
time decreased by 40 to 50 minutes between the ages of 13 and 19 and that students who got the least sleep
made the lowest grades (Woilson & Carskadon, 1998). Researchers also found that adolescents undergo a shift in
the brains natural sleep cycle that causes them to go to sleep later and get up later than they were younger.
Ironically, most secondary schools start earlier than elementary schools, creating a schedule that is out of sync
with adolescents biological rhythms.
In order to squeeze in a little extra sleep, many teens get up too late to eat breakfast. Then theyve compounded
their problem: Theyre sleepy, tired, irritable, hungry, and undernourished for the demands school will make on
their bodies and minds. Is there a solution to the problem of sleep-deprived teens? Fortunately, yes. Start high
school classes at 10:00 am. This would allow students to get the rest they need and not work against their natural
biological rhythms. Research has shown that teens tend to be least alert and most stressed early in the morning.
Staring school later in the morning would enable them to start their day in a calmer fashion. Finally, according to
researchers Crouter and Larson (1998), Starting school later would maximize students ability to concentrate.
Being more alert and able to concentrate means better performance in school and higher grades.
Assessment
Skimming
Answer the Following:
The main idea of paragraph one is:
_____________________________________________________________________________________
The main idea of paragraph two is:
_____________________________________________________________________________________
The main idea of paragraph three is:
_____________________________________________________________________________________
The main idea of paragraph four is:
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_____________________________________________________________________________________
The main idea of paragraph five is:
____________________________________________________________________________________
Scanning
Answer the Following:
1. How long does it take for 100 hectares of rainforest to be destroyed?
________________________________________________________________

2. Why is pulp and paper production important to Canada?
________________________________________________________________

3. Why was the plant hemp essential to world-wide trade in the past?
________________________________________________________________

4. Why do agriculturalists think that hemp would be better for paper production than trees?
________________________________________________________________

5. When was hemp production banned in Canada?
________________________________________________________________

6. Why was hemp banned?
______________________________________________________________________________

7. What chemical ingredient of cannabis plants is a powerful drug?
______________________________________________________________________________
I. Answer the following:
1. The main idea of paragraph one is?
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
2. The main idea of paragraph two is?
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________

3. How much sleep teens get and how much they need? What usually happen to students who got
the least sleep?
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
4. According to the researchers, what is the possible solution to the problem of sleep-deprived
teens?
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_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
5. According to researchers Crouter and Larson, What is the advantage of starting school classes
later in the morning?
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________