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Climate Region

1emperaLure
(8ange)
reclplLaLlon
(average ln lnches)
Seasons CLher
CharacLerlsLlcs
LocaLlon
1roplcal WeL 80 l More Lhan
100-300
Summer

ConsLanL hlgh
LemperaLures
LhroughouL Lhe year.
Average monLhly
LemperaLures are very
slmllar - yearly range ls
abouL 2 Lo 3C (36 Lo
37l).
8razll,
uemocraLlc
8epubllc of Lhe
Congo,
lndonesla, and
Lhe hlllpplnes.
1roplcal
WeL and ury
68 Lo 77 l Around
4 - 467
Summer
WlnLer
Daily temperature
ranges are
greatest during the
dry season and a bit
larger than the
rainy tropical
climates. Diurnal
temperature ranges
of 10
o
C to 15
o
C
during winter are
not uncommon.
During the summer,
high daily
temperatures, small
temperature
ranges, and high
humidity create the
same uncomfortable
conditions as those
found in the rainy
tropics.
Africa, Brazil,
and India.
Pumld
SubLroplcal
43 Lo 80 l 48 Summer
WlnLer
PoL, Pumld Summers
and Cool wlnLers. 1he
subLroplcal
LasL coasL of Lhe
conLlnenL such
as SouLheasL
unlLed sLaLe,
MedlLerranean 30 Lo 72l 20 Summer
WlnLer
Summers are warm
to hot, and winters
are cool but mild,
with one month
averaging below
59 F (15 C); sub-
freezing
temperatures do
not occur more
than 3% of the
total time.
WesLern slde of
conLlnenL such
as
MedlLerranean
sea
Marlne WesL
CoasL
30 Lo 72l 30 - 98 Summer
WlnLer
The mild
temperatures are
a direct result of
the moderating
influence of ocean
bodies on air
temperatures

Along Lhe wesL
coasL of mld-
laLlLude
conLlnenL
Pumld
ConLlnenLal
0 Lo 100l 20 -30 Summer, lall,
WlnLer and
Sprlng
Winters in this area
are harsh; snow
remains on the
ground for periods of
up to five months.
January average
temperatures are
less than -15 C (5
F). Summers, on the
other hand, are
pleasantly cool but
ln Lhe norLhern
hemlsphere such
as norLhern
lndlana
short, with average
monthly
temperatures
ranging from 18 C
to 20 C (64 F to
68 F).
SubarcLlc -40 Lo 83l 10 -20 Summer
WlnLer
ln wlnLer,
LemperaLures can drop
Lo -40 C (-40 l) and
ln summer, Lhe
LemperaLure may
exceed +30 C (86 l).
Powever, Lhe
summers are shorL, no
more Lhan Lhree
monLhs of Lhe year
(buL aL leasL one
monLh) musL have a
24-hour average
LemperaLure of aL leasL
+10 C (30 l) Lo fall
lnLo Lhls caLegory of
cllmaLe.
norLhern
Pemlsphere
1undra -18 Lo 30l 3 - 13 Summer
WlnLer
exLremely cold
cllmaLe- low bloLlc
dlverslLy- slmple
vegeLaLlon sLrucLure-
llmlLaLlon of dralnage-
large populaLlon
osclllaLlons- shorL
season of growLh and
reproducLlon- energy
and nuLrlenLs ln Lhe
form of dead organlc
maLerlal
Along Lhe
coasL of Lhe
ArcLlc Ccean
lce Cap -16 Lo -90 l Less Lhan
10
Summer
WlnLer
During the winter,
temperatures
regularly reach -90
degrees. The coldest
temperature ever
recorded was -128.6
degrees. Ice Cap
temperatures are so
low because of its
latitude near the
poles. These areas
receive only indirect
sunlight, and during
winter it doesn't even
receive indirect
sunlight!
AnLarLlca and
Lhe land around
Lhe ArcLlc Ccean,
especlally
Creenland.
Semlarld uepends
on laLlLude
16 Summer
WlnLer
humid climates in
ecological
characteristics and
agricultural potential.
Semi-arid climates
tend to support short
or scrubby vegetation,
with semi-arid areas
usually dominated by
either grasses or
shrubs.
Sahel ln
Subsaharan,
Afrlca
Plghland uepends
on elevaLlon
uepends
Cn elevaLlon
no Season
Highlands are
generally cooler than
lowlands of the same
latitude. Precipitation
is much greater on the
lower, windward
mountain slopes than
it is at higher
elevations and on the
leeward slopes. Great
heights often have
permanent snow.
8ugged
MounLaln Areas.