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Redwood Forests :e-book

Redwood Forests :e-book

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Published by T Sampath Kumaran

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Published by: T Sampath Kumaran on Dec 17, 2009
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07/08/2011

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Redwood Forests

By

Tamarapu Sampath Kumaran

About the Author: Mr T Sampath Kumaran is a freelance writer. He regularly contributes articles on Management, Business, Ancient Temples, and Temple Architecture to many leading Dailies and Magazines. His articles are popular in “The Young World section” of THE HINDU His e-books on nature, environment and different cultures of people around the world are educative and of special interest to the young. He was associated in the renovation and production of two Documentary films on Nava Tirupathi Temples, and Tirukkurungudi Temple in Tamilnadu.

Acknowledgement: I wish to express my gratitude to the authors from whose works I gathered the details for this book, and Courtesy, Google for some of the photographs. - Tamarapu Sampath Kumaran

The redwood is one of the oldest and the tallest trees in the world, ranging in an average height of over 300 feet and 60 feet around and lives up to 2,200 years. Over several centuries ago, there were more than a dozen species of redwoods spread over western North America, Europe and Asia. The climatic changes over the years dramatically changed the landscape and plant life, and presently only two redwood species remain in North America today. The official name for redwood is SEQUOIA SEMPIVIRENS – in Latin which means “forever living”. Coast redwood forests were among the most spectacular forests and probably among the most ancient forests in North America. These forests along the foggy coast are spread to nearly around 450 miles of northern California in a narrow stretch of 10 to 30 miles in width. From the Monterey County these forests extend into the southwest corner of Oregon, covering an area of around 2 million acres. During 1750 AD members of Portolá’s Spanish expedition identified these forests.

Redwoods need perfect growing conditions. Temperature must be between 40-80*F. They depend on steady winter rains and summer fog for moisture. Redwoods have the ability to sieve fog for enough moisture, to thrive through long rainless summers. Their thick bark, high in tannin, protects the trees from wind-swept coastal fires and insects. Their wide-ranging roots can intertwine with other trees, and can even withstand being covered with more layers of soil after they’re mature. The seeds of the trees are the size of a grape. The roots of these trees grow about 12’ deep but spread out to 60-

80’. Because of the moisture fire is rare, as redwood doesn’t burn easily. The bark of redwood is around 1’ thicker. The scar of the hollow areas are called “goose pen”, because in the past settlers kept chicken and geese there The national parks protect nature and history. The Redwood Park is now notified as a national park. The park attracts many visitors, and there are quite a number of interesting places to see around. . The Grandfather’s tree is estimated to be over 1800 years and the amazing double trunked redwood is famous for its large limbs, full foliage. It is over 265 ft. tall and has one of the largest trunks of 55 ft. in circumference. .

Grandfather tree

During 1920, to entice visitors to the redwoods – a tunnel was cut in a huge tree to drive a car through to the other side. The tunnel measures 7ft high and over 9ft wide. This is one of the tourist spots.

Car passing through the trunk of the tree The Eternal tree house is a surviving stump containing a huge cavern caused by fire centuries ago was used as shelter by the native Indians. Later during 1950 a 20ft room was refined in and a sales counter was installed in it.

The Eternal Tree House

An ancient redwood log measuring 33 ft. in circumference is on display in the forest.

On the banks of the forest the Humboldt beaches, give a panoramic view, where the ocean produces three to five-foot swells, often going to 20 ft.

Several black bears, black tailed deer, fox, mountain lion are found in these forests.

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