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Name Class Date

5-4
Reteaching
The point-slope form of a nonvertical linear equation is y – y
1
= m(x – x
1
). In
this equation, m is the slope and (x
1
, y
1
) is a point on the graph of the equation.
A line passes through (5, –2) and has a slope –. !hat is an equation for this line
in point"slope for#$
y – y
1
= m(x – x
1
)
Use point-slope form.
y – ( – 2) = – (x – 5)
Substitute (5, – 2) for (x1, y1) and – 3 for m.
y % 2 = – (x – 5)
Simplif.
A line passes through (1, &) and (2, '). !hat is an equation for this line in
point"slope for#$ !hat is an equation for this line in slope"intercept for#$
(irst use the t)o given points to find the slope.
' & 5
5
2 1 1
m

= = =

*se the slope and one point to )rite an equation in
point"slope for#.
y – y
1
= m(x – x
1
)
Use point-slope form
y – & = 5(x – 1)
Substitute (1, 4) for (x1, y1) and 5 for m.
y – & = 5x – 5
Distributi!e "ropert
y = 5x – 1
#dd 4 to ea$% side.
An equation in point"slope for# is y – & = 5(x – 1). An equation in slope"intercept
for# is y = 5x – 1.
Exercises
Write an equation for the line through the given point and with the given slope m.
1. (–1, )+ m = –
1
&
2. (,, –5)+ m = &
3. (–2, –5)+ m =
2

Write an equation in point-slope form of the line through the given points. Then
write the equation in slope-intercept form.
4. (1, &) and (2, ,) 5. (2, -) and (, –2) 6. (&, –5) and (–2, –2)
"oint-Slope &orm
Problem
Problem
Prentice Hall Algebra 1 • 'ea$%in( )esour$es
Copri(%t * b "earson +du$ation, ,n$., or its affiliates. #ll )i(%ts )eser!ed.
39
Name Class Date
5-4
Reteaching ($ontinued)
.ou can use the point"slope for# of an equation to help graph the equation. The
point given /0 the point"slope for# provides a place to start on the graph. 1lot a
point there. Then use the slope fro# the point"slope for# to locate another point
in either direction. Then dra) a line through the points 0ou have plotted.
What is the graph of the equation
1
2 ( 1) $

y x − = −
The equation is in point"slope for#, so the line passes through (1, 2) and has a
slope of
1

.
1lot the point (1, 2).
*se the slope,
1

. (ro# (1, 2), go up 1 unit
and then right units. 2ra) a point.
2ra) a line through the t)o points.
3ecause
1 1


=

, 0ou can start at (1, 2) and go do)n 1 unit and to the left units to
locate a third point on the line.
Exercises
Graph each equation.
7. y – = 2(x % 1)
8. y % 2 =
2

(x – 2) 9. y – & = –
1
2
(x % 1)
Prentice Hall Algebra 1 • 'ea$%in( )esour$es
Copri(%t * b "earson +du$ation, ,n$., or its affiliates. #ll )i(%ts )eser!ed.
40
"oint-Slope &orm
Problem