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Michael Dubose

S.W 4710
October 4, 2014

1. What is measuring poverty?
The federal poverty measure has to divisions property threshold and property guideline.
The property threshold is the poverty line. The poverty line is the way the federal
government official measures poverty.
The poverty line is used for statistical purposes to measure poverty of American citizens
yearly as well as population figures. The poverty line also determines eligibility for
programs such as Social Security Temporary and Needy Family program. (Karger&
Stoesz 2014)
The poverty guide is used to measure the eligibility for federal program such as Head
Start, Food Stamps, School Lunch Programs, and Low-Income Energy Programs. (
Karger & Stoesz 2014)
Poverty is also measured by absolute poverty or relative poverty.
Absolute poverty is when unequal standards of living for survival, housing for protection
against the weather and proper clothing.
Relative poverty refers to deprivation that is relative to the standard of living enjoyed by
other members of society. (Karger & Stoesz)

2. Who make up the poor?
The poor are those who have had a loss employment or change in their current financial
situation that has led to economic change, such as a divorce or disability and those who
are less educated then the rest of society.
The single woman is at greater risk for poverty in the United States than any other races
or gender. The poor fall into several different classes such as working poor who spend at
least 27 weeks in the workforce whose income fall below the poverty line, rural poor
those consist of poor farmers.
Those who live in relative poverty are also considered poor because they possess less
resources and opportunity than others. (Karger & Stoesz 2014)
3. What is income distribution and inequality? Relative poverty (or deprivation) is
inequality in the distribution of income, good or opportunity.
Income distribution is defined as both the process of distributing income to individuals
and families and as the statistical consequences of that distribution. (NASW Press and the
Oxford Press 2008)
Inequality is a measurement of the distribution of wealth across households? It is a
comparison of the gap in household incomes across a given region, country or the world.
Income inequality is measured using the Gini coefficient and calculates the extent to
which the income distribution in a country deviates from perfect equality. (

Code of Ethics. (n.d.). Code of Ethics. Retrieved October 4, 2014, from

Karger, H. J., & Stoesz, D. (2014). American social welfare policy: a pluralist approach
(Seventh ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson.
News, information & entertainment for Oxford, Butler County &.... (n.d.). News,
information & entertainment for Oxford, Butler County &.... Retrieved October 6, 2014,