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Name Class Date

5-6
Reteaching
Nonvertical lines are parallel if they have the same slope and different y-intercepts. The
graphs of y = 2x − 6 and y = 2x + 3 are parallel because they have the same slope, 2, but
different y-intercepts, −6 and 3.
What is an equation in slope-intercept form of the line that passes through
(8, 7) and is parallel to the graph of
The slope of Because the desired euation is for a line parallel to
a line !ith slope , the slope of the parallel line must also be . "se the slope and
the given point in the point-slope form of a linear euation and then solve for y to !rite the
euation in slope-intercept form.
y – y
1
= m (x – x
1
)
#tart !ith the point-slope form
#ubstitute $%, &' for $x
(
, y
(
' and for m.
)istributive *roperty
+dd & to each side.
The graph of passes through $%, &' and is parallel to
the graph of
Exercises
1. Writing +re the graphs of parallel, -.plain
ho! you /no!.
Write an equation in slope-intercept form of the line that passes through the given
point and is parallel to the graph of the given equation.
. $3, ('0 y = 2x + 1 !. $(, 3'0 y = &x + 2 ". $(, 6'0 y = 3x − 2
#.
$.
7.
%rentice &all 'lge(ra 1 ) Teaching 4esources
5opyright 6 by *earson -ducation, 7nc., or its affiliates. +ll 4ights 4eserved.
#*
Parallel and Perpendicular Lines
Problem
Name Class Date
Reteaching
(continued)
5-6
T!o lines that are neither hori8ontal nor vertical are perpendicular if the product of their
slopes is 2(. Th e graphs of and are perpendicular because
9hat is an euation in slope-intercept form of the line that passes through $2, ((' and is
perpendicular to the graph of
The slope of is #ince the slope of the line perpendicular
to the given line is :1.
"se this slope and the given point to !rite an euation in point-slope form. Then solve
for y to !rite the euation in slope-intercept form.
y : y
(
; m$x : x
(
' #tart !ith the point-slope form
y : (( ; $:1x :2' #ubstitute $2, ((' for $x
(
, y
(
' and :1 for m.
y : (( ; :1x + %)istributive *roperty
y ; :1x + (3 +dd (( to each side.
The graph of y ; :1x + (3 passes through $2, ((' and is perpendicular to the graph of
Exercises
8. Writing +re the graphs of and parallel,
perpendicular, or neither, -.plain ho! you /no!.
9rite an euation in slope-intercept form of the line that passes through the given point
and is perpendicular to the graph of the given euation.
9rite an euation in slope-intercept form of the line that passes through the given point
and is perpendicular to the graph of the given euation.
3. $2, :3'0 y ; 2x + 3 (<, $1, %'0 y ; :2x : 1 ((. $-2, -2'0 y ; x + 3
(2. (3. $2, 3'0 y ; 2x + 2 (1.
Parallel and Perpendicular Lines