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doSa ivadoSa kI laaok kqaae^ — [iqayaaoipyaa–1

:

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

saMklanaktasauYamaa gauPta

Cover Page picture: Lalibela Church of Ethiopia
E-Mail: sushmajee@yahoo.com

Website: http://sushmajee.com/folktales/index-folktales.htm
Copyrighted by Sushma Gupta 2014
No portion of this book may be reproduced or stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form,
by any means, mechanical, electronic, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written
permission from the author.

Map of Ethiopia

ivaMDsar, kOnaoDa
maaca- 2014

Contents
saIrIja kI BaUimaka ....................................................................................................... 4
[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1 .......................................................................................... 5
1 haoiSayaar baoTa ........................................................................................................ 7
2 caaor AaOr kursaI ................................................................................................... 11
3 laalacaI ku<aa ....................................................................................................... 14
4 magar AaOr bandr ................................................................................................... 17
5 baovakUf naaOkr ..................................................................................................... 21
6 AaOrtoM AaOr bartna ................................................................................................. 24
7 catur ipta ......................................................................................................... 27
8 maohmaana ............................................................................................................. 30
9 baovakUf maamaao ...................................................................................................... 33
10 ek AaOrt AaOr Saor.............................................................................................. 37
11 naaO Baa[-............................................................................................................ 41
12 gaQao kI pU^C ...................................................................................................... 45
13 Saor ka baccaa ..................................................................................................... 48
14 caalaak p%naI ..................................................................................................... 52
15 dao yaa~I .......................................................................................................... 55
16 baovakUf gaQaa ..................................................................................................... 58
17 catur gavaOyaa ....................................................................................................... 61
18 saunahra GaaoD,a ...................................................................................................... 65
19 AalasaI baoTo ....................................................................................................... 68

saIrIja kI BaUimaka
laaok kqaaeoM iksaI BaI samaaja kI saMskRit ka ek ATUT ihssaa haotI hOM. yao saMsaar kao ]sa samaaja ko baaro maoM batatI hOM
ijasa kI vao laaok kqaae^ hOM. Aaja sao bahut saala phlao, krIba 100 saala phlao, yao kovala ja,baanaI hI khI jaatIM qaIM
AaOr kh sauna kr hI ek pIZ,I sao dUsarI pIZ,I kao dI jaatIM qaIM [sa ilayao iksaI BaI laaok kqaa ka maUla $p @yaa rha
haogaa yah khnaa mauiSkla hO.
Aaja hma eosaI hI kuC AMga`ojaI AaOr kuC dUsarI BaaYaa baaolanao vaalao doSaaoM kI laaok kqaaeoM Apnao ihndI BaaYaa
baaolanao vaalao samaaja tk phu^caanao kI kaoiSaSa kr rho hOM. [na maoM sao bahut saarI khainayaa^ hma nao AMga`ojaI kI iktabaaoM sao ,
kuC ivaSvaivaValayaaoM maoM dI gayaI qaIsaoja, sao, AaOr kuC pi~kaAaoM sao Anauvaad kI hOM AaOr kuC laaogaaoM sao sauna kr ilaKI
hOM. ABaI tk 600 kahainayaa^ saMkilat kI jaa caukI hOM.
[sa baat ka Kasa Qyaana rKa gayaa hO ik yao saba laaok kqaae^ hr vah AadmaI pZ, sako jaao qaaoD,I saI BaI ihndI
pZ,naa jaanata hao AaOr ]sao samaJata hao. yao kqaae^ yaha^ tao sarla BaaYaa maoM ilaKI gayaIM hO pr [na kao ihndI maoM ilaKnao
ek bahut baD,I samasyaa AayaI hO vah yah hO ik krIba krIba 95 p`itSat ivadoSaI naamaaoM kao ihndI maoM ilaKnaa bahut
mauiSkla hO, caaho vao AadimayaaoM ko haoM yaa ifr jagahaoM ko. dUsaro ]na ka ]ccaarNa BaI bahut hI Alaga trIko ka haota hO.
kao[- kuC baaolata hO tao kao[- kuC. [sa kao saaf krnao ko ilayao [sa saIrIja, kI saba iktabaaoM maoM fuTnaaoT\sa maoM ]na kao
AMga`ojaI maoM ilaK idyaa gayaa hOM taik kao[- BaI ]na kao AMga`ojaI ko SabdaoM kI sahayata sao khIM BaI Kaoja sakoM. [sa ko
Alaavaa AaOr BaI bahut saaro Sabd jaao hmaaro Baart ko ilayao nayao hOM ]na kao BaI fuTnaaoT\sa maoM samaJaayaa gayaa hO.
yao saba kqaae^ “doSa ivadoSa kI laaok kqaae^^” naama kI saIrIja maoM CapI jaayaoMgaI. AaSaa hO ik yao laaok kqaaeoM
Aap ka manaaorMjana tao kroMgaI hI saaqa maoM dUsaro doSaaoM kI saMskRit ko baaro maoM BaI jaanakarI doMgaI.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1
pUro AfrIka maoM ek [iqayaaoipyaa hI eosaa doSa hO jaao ABaI tk iksaI piScamaI sa<aa ka gaulaama nahIM huAa hO. yah mahana
doSa laala saagar ko piScamaI tT pr AaOr AfrIka kI pUvaI- saImaa pr isqat hO.
janasaM#yaa ko maamalao maoM AfrIka maoM [sa ka nambar dUsara hO. phlaa nambar naa[jaIiryaa ka hO ijasa kI janasaM#yaa
170 imailayana sao AiQak hO, AaOr dUsara nambar [iqayaaoipyaa ka hO ijasa kI janasaM#yaa 90 imailayana sao AiQak hO.
piScama maoM [sa kI saImaa phlao kaOMgaao tk jaatI qaI pr Aba [sa ko piScama maoM saUDana, dixaNa saUDana AaOr dixaNa
maoM konyaa AaOr saaomaailayaa hOM.
yaha^ ko laaoga iBanna iBanna p`kar ko hOM. k[- Qamaao-M ko laaoga rhto hOM yaha^, jaOsao mausalamaana, jyaU, [-saa[-. kuC laaoga
inapT jaMgalaI BaI hOM AaOr kuC laaoga baD,o nama` AaOr saBya. yaha^ ko Amhara laaoga saba sao AcCo hOM. [sa ko baad maoM iTgaro
yaa AibasaIinayaa ko laaoga Aato hOM. AaOr [sa ko baad Aato hOM DmaaoT, gaf,aT AaOr AgaaO1 laaoga. [na ko baad saba jaMgalaI
hOM. yaha^ kI raYT/Iya BaaYaa Amhairk2 hO. pUro AfrIka maoM yahI ek eosaI BaaYaa hO ijasa kI ApnaI ilaip hO AaOr saBaI
ApnaI ApnaI BaaYaae^ raomana ilaip maoM ilaKto hOM.
yaha^ ka raYT/Iya Baaojana [injara AaOr vat haota hO. [injara tOf, Anaaja ko danaaoM ko AaTo maoM KmaIr ]za kr
banaatao hO< jaOsao dixaNaI Baart ka daosaa haota hO. [sa kao saabaut masaUr yaa masaUr kI dala yaa maa^sa yaa maugao - ko saUp jaOsao
vat sao Kato hO. tja AaOr TOlaa [na ko yaha^ kI Saraba haotI hO.
[na ko yaha^ bahut saarI laaok kqaae^ hOM. kuC tao pUro [iqayaaoipyaa maoM khI saunaI jaatI hO AaOr kuC yaha^ kI
Kasa janajaaityaaoM maoM hI khI saunaI jaatI hOM. yah [iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaaAaoM ka phlaa Baaga hO ijasa maoM hma vaha^ kI
jaabalaavaI janajaait kI 19 laaok kqaae^ p`stut kr rho hOM. [sa ko dUsaro Baaga maoM hma vaha^ ko Amhara, gaalaa, AaOr
Afar3 laaogaaoM kI kuC laaok kqaae^ p`stut kroMgao.

Gafat, Agaw
Amharic Language
3
Amhara, Gala, Afar tribes
1
2

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~7~

1 haoiSayaar baoTa4
bahut puranaI baat hO ik [iqayaaoipyaa ko gaaoMDr ijalao maoM ek baUZ,a
AadmaI rhta qaa ]sa ko tIna baoTo qao.
ek baar vah baUZ,a AadmaI bahut baImaar hao gayaa saao ]sa ko baoTaoM
kao baulaayaa gayaa taik vah ApnaI sampi<a ka ba^Tvaara kr sako.
pr ApnaI sampi<a ka ba^Tvaara krnao sao phlao vah yah jaa^ca krnaa
caahta qaa ik ]sa ka kaOna saa baoTa saba sao jyaada haoiSayaar hO.
baUZ,o AadmaI nao Apnao baoTaoM kao baulaa kr
]na sao kha — “tuma maoM sao jaao BaI saba sao
jyaada haoiSayaar haogaa maOM ]sa kao [naama dU^gaa.
ABaI tuma laaoga eosaa krao ik maorI [sa maoja pr
kuC pOsao rKo hOM tuma tInaaoM ]na maoM sao 25–25
saOnT lao laao AaOr kao[- eosaI caIja KrId kr
laaAao ijasa sao maora yah kmara Bar jaayao.”
tInaaoM baoTaoM nao maoja pr sao 25–25 saOnT ]zayao AaOr kao[- eosaI
caIja KrIdnao cala idyao ijasa sao vao Apnao ipta ka kmara Bar sakoM.
baUZ,o ka saba sao baD,a baoTa jaba baahr inaklaa tao ]sa nao saaocaa
— “yah @yaa mauiSkla kama hO. baajaar maoM mauJao eosaI k[- caIjaoM imala
4

Intelligent Son – a folktale of Jablawi tribe of Ethiopia, Eastern Africa

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~8~

jaayaoMgaI jaao maoro ipta ka kmara Bar doMgaI.” saao vah baajaar gayaa
AaOr ]sa nao 25 saOnT ka BaUsaa KrId ilayaa.
jaba dUsara baoTa baahr inaklaa tao ]sa nao saaocaa — “eosaI @yaa
caIja hao saktI hO ijasa sao 25 saOnT maoM hI ipta ka kmara Bar
jaayao.” ]sa nao k[- dUkanaoM doKIM AaOr Ant maoM 25 saOnT ko pMK
KrId ilayao.
pr saba sao CaoTa pu~ tao saaocata hI rh gayaa ik 25 saOnT mao
eosaI kaOna saI caIja Aa saktI hO jaao ]sa ko ipta ka kmara Bar
do. vah GanTaoM tk saaocata rha AaOr ifr ek CaoTI saI dUkana maoM
jaa kr ek maaomaba<aI AaOr ek idyaasalaa[- KrId laayaa.
Agalao idna tInaaoM baoTo ipta ko pasa laaOTo. vao Apnao saaqa ApnaI
KrIdI hu[- caIjaoM BaI laayao qao ijana sao ]na kao Apnao ipta ka kmara
Barnaa qaa.
saba sao baD,a baoTa BaUsaa laayaa qaa ]sa kI baD,I saI paoTlaI ]sa
kI kmar pr rKI qaI. dUsara pu~ pMK laayaa qaa ]sa kI paoTlaI BaI
]sa kI kmar pr rKI qaa. pr saba sao CaoTa pu~ tao maaomaba<aI laayaa
qaa AaOr vah ]sa kI jaoba maoM rKI qaI.
daonaaoM baD,o baoTo Apnao CaoTo Baa[- ko haqa maoM kuC BaI na doK kr
baD,o KuSa qao ik [sa baocaaro kao tao lagata hO kao[- caIja imalaI nahIM
ijasa sao yah ipta ka kmara Bar sako [sa ilayao Aba tao [naama hma hI
kao imalaogaa.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~9~

saba sao phlao saba sao baD,a baoTa kmaro ko Andr Gausaa AaOr ]sa nao
Apnao ipta kao Apnaa BaUsaa idKayaa, pr Afsaaosa, vah BaUsaa tao
]sa kmaro ko ek kaonao maoM hI isamaT kr rh gayaa.

ifr dUsara pu~ kmaro maoM Gausaa AaOr Apnao ipta kao Apnao laayao
pMK idKayao, pr Afsaaosa, vao BaI ]sa kmaro ko kovala dao kaonao hI
Bar sako.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 10 ~

baUZ,o AadmaI nao duKI hao kr pUCa — “@yaa duinayaa^ maoM kao[- eosaI
caIja nahIM hO ijasa sao maora kmara Bar jaayao?”
yah sauna kr saba sao CaoTo baoTo nao ApnaI jaoba sao inakala kr
maaomaba<aI inakalaI AaOr idyaasalaa[- sao ]sao jalaa idyaa. saara kmara
raoSanaI sao Bar gayaa. baUZ,a AadmaI yah doK kr bahut KuSa huAa
AaOr ]sa nao ApnaI saarI sampi<a Apnao saba sao CaoTo baoTo kao do dI.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 11 ~

2 caaor AaOr kursaI5
kuC samaya puranaI baat hO ik DosaI6 maoM ek caaor rhta qaa. yah caaor
Apnao kama maoM bahut catur qaa. ]sa nao ApnaI catura[- sao Aba tk
bahut saarI caIjaoM caura laIM qaIM, jaOsao iktabaoM, GaaoD,o, kpD,o, Kanaa
Aaid.
]sa maoM ek KUbaI qaI ik vah jaao BaI caahta caura laota. ]sa
kI caaorI kI ek khanaI bahut maSahUr hO, vah hma tumhoM Aaja saunaato
hOM.
ek idna yah caaor ek kOfo maoM gayaa. vaha^ vah Aama laaogaaoM kI
trh maoja pr nahIM baOza. vah ]sa kmaro maoM caaraoM trf GaUmanao lagaa.
]sa nao dIvaaraoM pr lagaI tsvaIraoM kI trf doKa, ]sa nao AlamaarI maoM
rKI baaotlaaoM kI trf doKa, ]sa nao Apnao caaraoM trf baOzo AadimayaaoM
kI trf doKa.
Ant maoM ]sa caaor nao ek kursaI ]zayaI AaOr ]sao ilayao ilayao
drvaajao kI trf baZ,a. vah drvaajao ko baahr inaklaa. ]sa nao
saD,k par kI. saD,k par krnao ko baad ]sa nao vah kursaI ApnaI
kmar pr rKI AaOr QaIro QaIro saamanao vaalao maOdana kI trf cala
idyaa.
5
6

A Thief and a Chair - a folktale of Jablawi tribe of Ethiopia, Eastern Africa
Dessi – a city of Ethiopia

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 12 ~

phlao tao kOfo ka vaoTr ]sa kao doKta rha. ]sa kI samaJa maoM
hI na Aayaa ik vah AadmaI kr @yaa rha hO. pr baahr jaanao ko
kuC hI pla baad tk BaI jaba vah na laaOTa tao vah kuC Gabarayaa
AaOr kOfo ko baahr kI trf Baagaa AaOr caaor kao [Qar ]Qar doKnao
kI kaoiSaSa kI tao vah ]sao idKayaI do gayaa.
vah baD,o Aarama sao kursaI ]zayao hue saamanao vaalaa maOdana par kr
rha qaa.
vah ]sa pr icallaayaa — “ruk jaaAao, yah kursaI vaapsa
laaAao. yah kOfo kI kursaI hO.”
caaor nao ]sa kI Aavaaja saunaI tao vah ruk gayaa. vah Dra nahIM,
vah jaanata qaa ik ]sa kao @yaa krnaa hO. ]sa nao kursaI Aarama sao
jamaIna pr rK dI AaOr ]sa pr Aarama sao baOz gayaa.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 13 ~

jaba vaoTr nao ]sa kao maOdana maoM kursaI pr baOzo doKa tao ]sa kI
jaana maoM jaana AayaI. ]sa nao saaocaa ik AcCa huAa vah baOz gayaa,
Aba vah kursaI AasaanaI sao jaa kr vaapsa lao Aa sakta hO. eosaa
saaoca kr vah Aagao baZ,ta rha.
jaba vaoTr caaor ko kafI pasa phu^ca gayaa tao caaor nao vaoTr kao
eosao Aavaaja lagaayaI jaOsao vah kOfo maoM baOza hao — “vaoTr, [Qar
AaAao.”
vaoTr turnt baaolaa — “saaba, @yaa caaihyaoÆ”
caaor baaolaa — “ek Pyaalaa kaOfI.”
vaoTr nao pUCa — “caInaI vaalaI yaa ibanaa caInaI vaalaI?”
caaor baaolaa — “caInaI vaalaI.”
vaoTr turnt hI AaD-r lao kr ]laTo pOraoM vaapsa kOfo kI trf
laaOT pD,a caaor ga`ahk ko ilayao caInaI vaalaI kaOfI laanao. ]Qar vaoTr
ko jaato hI caaor nao kursaI ]zayaI AaOr Apnao rasto cala idyaa.
hO na majaodar khanaI? nahIM nahIM yah khanaI nahIM hO saccaI GaTnaa
hO.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 14 ~

3 laalacaI ku<aa7
[iqayaaoipyaa ko Ambaao Sahr8 ko pasa ek laD,ka rhta qaa. vah
Apnao maata ipta ko pasa rhta qaa AaOr Apnao ipta kI BaoD,aoM kI
doKBaala maoM ]na ka haqa ba^Tata qaa. vah raoja BaoD,aoM kao Gaasa caranao
ko ilayao lao jaata qaa.
]sa ko pasa ek ku<aa BaI qaa.
vah ku<aa ]sa ka AcCa saaqaI qaa AaOr
k[- maaOkaoM pr ]sa kI sahayata BaI
krta qaa.
vah ]sa kI BaoD,aoM kI doKBaala BaI
krta qaa. saubah saubah vah ]na BaoD,aoM kao maOdanaaoM kI trf lao jaata
AaOr Saama kao hI ]na kao Gar vaapsa laata.
saba kama vah bahut AcCa krta qaa pr vah laalacaI bahut
qaa. ]sa kao Apnao ilayao saarI caIjaoM caaihyao qaIM.
ek idna ]sa ku<ao nao Gar sao ek hD\DI caurayaI AaOr ]sa kao lao
kr jaMgala maoM dUr Baaga gayaa. kuC dUr jaanao ko baad hI ek CaoTI
saI nadI AayaI. nadI ko }pr ek pula qaa.
7
8

A Greedy Dog - a folktale of Jablawi tribe of Ethiopia, Eastern Africa
Ambo city – a city of Ethiopia

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 15 ~

jaba ku<aa vah pula par kr rha qaa tao ]sa nao naIcao panaI kI
trf doKa. panaI maoM ]sa kao ApnaI prCa[-M idKayaI dI. ]sa nao
saaocaa ik vah kao[- dUsara ku<aa qaa jaao ]sa sao jyaada baD,I hD\DI
ilayao jaa rha qaa.
phlao tao ]sao yah saba doK kr
Dr lagaa pr turnt hI laalaca nao ]sao
Gaor ilayaa. ]sa kI ]sa dUsaro ku<ao
ko mau^h sao vah hD\DI laonao kI [cCa
hao AayaI.
vah turnt hI ]sa hD\DI ko
TukD,o kao CInanao ko ilayao nadI maoM
kUd pD,a.
jaba vah panaI maoM kUda tao dUsaro ku<ao kI hD\DI CInanao ko ilayao
]sa nao Apnaa mau^h Kaolaa AaOr [sa ca@kr maoM ]sa ko Apnao mau^h kI
hD\DI BaI panaI maoM igar gayaI AaOr nadI ko panaI ko bahava maoM bah
gayaI.
pr panaI maoM tao kao[- dUsara ku<aa qaa nahIM, vaha^ tao ]sa kI
kovala prCa[-M qaI saao laaK kaoiSaSaoM krnao ko baad BaI vah panaI vaalao
ku<ao AaOr ]sa ko mau^h kI hD\DI kao na pa saka.
“Aaoh tao yah ]sa ku<ao kI caala qaI. yaha^ tao kao[- BaI nahIM
hO. calaao kao[- baat nahIM, maoro pasa maorI ApnaI hD\DI tao hO hI.”

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 16 ~

ku<aa KuSaI sao baaolaa. pr yah @yaa? ]sa ko Apnao mau^h kI hD\DI
tao kba kI panaI maoM bah caukI qaI.
[sa trh ]sa nao laalaca maoM Aa kr ApnaI hD\DI BaI KaoyaI AaOr
]sao panaI vaalao ku<ao ko mau^h maoM lagaI hD\DI BaI na imala sakI. saca hO
laalaca baurI balaa hO.
yahI khanaI hmaaro ]<arI Baart maoM BaI maata ipta Apnao bahut
CaoTo baccaaoM kao saunaato hOM.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 17 ~

4 magar AaOr bandr9
ek baar AvaaSa nadI10 ko iknaaro ek CaoTa
magar AaOr ek CaoTa bandr rha krto qao.
bandr tao sacamauca hI bahut CaoTa qaa prntu
magar ApnaI ]mar maoM CaoTa haoto hue BaI Apnao
Aakar maoM bahut baD,a qaa.
yao daonaaoM Aapsa maoM baD,o gahro daost qao. bandr tao nadI ko iknaaro
vaalao baD,o poD, pr rhta qaa AaOr magar nadI maoM rhta qaa pr kBaI
kBaI vah QaUp Kanao nadI ko iknaaro pr Aa jaayaa krta qaa.
yao laaoga Aapsa maoM bahut kuC krto rhto qao. kBaI Agar magar
Kolanaa caahta tao vah bandr kao iknaaro pr sao hI Aavaaja lagaata
— “AaAao bandr Baa[-, panaI maoM KolaoMgaoM.” AaOr daonaaMo panaI maoM bahut
dor tk Kolato rhto.
AaOr kBaI Agar bandr ka savaarI krnao ka mana krta tao magar
]sa kao ApnaI pIz pr ibaza kr panaI maoM dUr dUr kI saOr kra
laata. bandr A@sar Apnao poD, sao taoD, kr magar kao maIzo maIzo fla
iKlaayaa krta.
9

A Crocodile and a Monkey - a folktale of Jablawi tribe of Ethiopia, Eastern Africa
Awash River – one of Ethiopia’s rivers

10

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 18 ~

ek idna rajaa magar baImaar pD,a tao Da@Tr magar ]sa kao doKnao
Aayaa. ]sa nao doK kr rajaa magar sao kha ik ]sa kI baImaarI kI
kovala ek hI dvaa hO, AaOr vah hO kovala bandr ka klaojaa.
rajaa magar jaanata qaa ik ek bandr ]sa ko rajya ko ek magar
ka bahut AcCa daost qaa saao ]sa nao ]sa magar kao baulavaayaa AaOr
kha — “mauJao ek bandr ko klaojao kI ja$rt hO. hmaaro rajya maoM
tuma hI ek eosao magar hao jaao mauJao bandr ka klaojaa laa kr do sakto
hao.”
magar samaJa gayaa ik rajaa magar ]sa ko daost bandr ko baaro maoM
baat kr rha qaa. vah rajaa kI Aa&a kao Tala tao nahIM sakta qaa
pr vah mana hI mana bahut duKI qaa.
vah Apnao daost kao iksaI BaI trh ka nauksaana nahIM phu^caanaa
caahta qaa pr vah rajaa kI Aa&a maananao ko ilayao BaI majabaUr qaa.
saao vah duKI mana sao bandr sao imalanao cala idyaa.
iknaaro pr jaa kr ]sa nao Aavaaja lagaayaI — “AaAao bandr
Baa[-, maorI pIz pr baOz jaaAao, Aaja maOM tuma kao nadI ko saba sao
jyaada gahro ihssao kI saOr kra kr laata hU^.”
bandr KuSaI KuSaI poD, sao kUda AaOr magar kI pIz pr baOz
gayaa. yah bandr ko ilayao kao[- nayaI baat nahIM qaI [sa ilayao bandr
kao kao[- Sak hI nahIM huAa.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 19 ~

tOrto tOrto magar bandr kao nadI
ko baIca maoM lao gayaa. vaha^ jaa kr
magar nao bandr sao kha — “bandr
Baa[-, mauJao maaf kr dao, mauJao bahut
duK hO pr maOM majabaUr hU^.
hmaaro rajaa magar kao ek bandr ko klaojao kI ja$rt hO. vah
bahut baImaar hO AaOr kovala bandr ko klaojao sao hI zIk hao sakta hO
[sa ilayao mauJao tumharo klaojao kI ja$rt hO.”
bandr tao yah sauna kr bahut Dr gayaa. ]sa ko idmaaga nao tojaI
sao kama krnaa Sau$ kr idyaa. vah magar sao baaolaa — “maoro daost,
bandr laaoga Apnaa klaojaa Apnao saaqa lao kr nahIM GaUmato hOM. vao
Apnaa klaojaa Apnao Gar pr rKto hOM.
tuma nao mauJao phlao nahIM batayaa varnaa maOM Apnaa klaojaa Apnao
saaqa lao kr Aata. KOr kao[- baat nahIM. tuma maoro Gar calaao, maOM vaha^
phu^ca kr tuma kao Apnaa klaojaa turnt hI do dU^gaa.” magar kao
bandr pr Baraosaa qaa saao vah bandr kao lao kr iknaaro pr Aayaa.
iknaaro pr Aato hI bandr magar kI pIz sao kUd kr poD, pr
caZ, gayaa AaOr icallaa kr baaolaa — “magar Baa[-, maora klaojaa tao maoro
pasa hO. kao[- Balaa poD, pr BaI Apnaa klaojaa inakala kr rKta

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 20 ~

hO? tuma nao maoro saaqa caalaakI KolaI tao maOM nao BaI tumharo saaqa caalaakI
KolaI. ihsaaba barabar, Aba namaskar.”
magar BaI turnt hI tOr kr dUr calaa gayaa. vah bandr kI
haoiSayaarI pr bahut KuSa qaa @yaaoM ik [sa trh vah Apnao daost kao
maarnao ko pap sao baca gayaa qaa.
[sa ko baad daonaaoM kao iksaI nao ek saaqa nahIM doKa pr magar kao
iknaaro pr Aa kr bandr kao bahut dor tk doKto A@sar payaa
gayaa.
yah khanaI Baart kI pMcatn~ kI khainayaaoM maoM BaI payaI jaatI
hO. yah tao pta nahIM kaOna saI khanaI phlao ilaKI gayaI AaOr kaOna saI
baad maoM.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 21 ~

5 baovakUf naaOkr11
ek baar [iqayaaoipyaa kI rajaQaanaI eiDsa Abaabaa12 maoM dao AadmaI
rhto qao – jaaosaof AaOr Abaobao13. daonaaoM ko pasa ek ek naaOkr qaa
AaOr daonaaoM ko naaOkr prlao drjao ko baovakUf qao [sa ilayao daonaaoM ko
maailak ]na sao bahut proSaana rhto qao.
ek idna jaaosaof AaOr Abaobao daonaaoM baajaar gayao. daonaaoM bahut
idnaaoM baad imalao qao saao daonaaoM maoM bahut saarI baatoM hu[-M, ApnaI KotI kI,
Apnao pirvaaraoM kI, maaOsama kI Aaid Aaid. AaOr AaKIr maoM baat
AayaI baovakUf naaOkraoM kI.
jaaosaof baaolaa — “maora naaOkr tao [tnaa baovakUf hO ik vah raoja
maugao- kI hiD\Dyaa^ jamaIna maoM gaaD, dota hO AaOr saaocata hO ik [sa trh
jamaIna sao ek idna bahut saaro maugao- ]ga AayaoMgao.”
Abaobao baaolaa — “Saayad maora naaOkr tumharo naaOkr sao jyaada
baovakUf hO. vah saaocata hO ik poD,aoM pr jaba icaiD,yaa^ Saaor macaatI hOM
tBaI baairSa haotI hO.”
[sa trh vao bahut dor tk Apnao naaOkrao kI baovakUifyaaoM ko baaro
maoM baat krto rho AaOr saaocato rho ik iksa ka naaOkr jyaada baovakUf
A Foolish Servant - a folktale of Jablawi tribe of Ethiopia, Eastern Africa
Addis Ababa – capital of Ethiopia
13
Joseph and Abebe
11
12

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 22 ~

hO. Ant maoM ]na daonaaoM nao Apnao Apnao naaOkraoM kI baovakUfI ka
[imthana laonao ka inaScaya ikyaa.
jaaosaof baaolaa — “hma laaoga [sa samasyaa kao [sa trh hla krto
hOM ik kla daophr kao dao bajao tuma Apnao naaOkr kao lao kr maoro Gar
Aa jaaAao. ifr hma laaoga Apnao Apnao naaOkraoM kao kao[- baovakUfI
ka kama krnao kao doMgao. jaao BaI ]sa kama kao zIk sao krogaa vahI
jyaada baovakUf samaJaa jaayaogaa.”
Agalao idna daophr kao dao bajao Abaobao Apnao naaOkr kao lao kr
jaaosaof ko Gar phu^ca gayaa. jaOsao hI vah jaaosaof ko Gar maoM Gausaa ]sa
nao Apnao naaOkr sao kha — “Gar daOD, kr jaaAao AaOr doKao ik maOM
Gar maoM hU^ yaa nahIM? maOM Apnao Aap sao baat krnaa caahta hU^.” Abaobao
ka naaOkr ]laTo pOraoM vaapsa daOD, gayaa.
Abaobao ko naaOkr ko jaanao ko baad jaaosaof nao Apnao naaOkr sao
kha — “yah ek Dalar laao AaOr maoro ilayao ek nayaI kar KrId
laaAao.” Abaobao ko naaOkr nao pOsao ilayao AaOr kar KrIdnao ko ilayao
cala idyaa.
kuC GanTaoM ko baad daonaaoM naaOkr saD,k pr imalao. daonaaoM hI bahut
gaussao maoM qao. jaaosaof ka naaOkr baaolaa — “maoro baovakUf maailak nao
kha hO ik maOM ]sa ko ilayao ek nayaI kar KrIdU^ AaOr [sa ko ilayao
]sa nao mauJao kuC pOsao BaI idyao hOM. maOM eosao ]sa kI kar kOsao KrIdU^.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 23 ~

]sa nao mauJao kar ka rMga tao batayaa hI nahIM hO ik ]sa kao iksa rMga
kI kar caaihyao.”
Abaobao ka naaOkr baaolaa — “maora maailak tao [sa sao BaI baD,a
baovakUf hO. ]sa nao mauJa sao Apnao Gar jaanao kao kha ik maOM vaha^ jaa
kr yah doKU^ ik vah vaha^ hO ik nahIM. @yaa vah jaaosaof ko Gar sao
TolaIfaona kr ko yah baat nahIM maalaUma kr sakta qaa ik vah vaha^ hO
ik nahIM?” AaOr daonaaoM Gar calao gayao.
kuC idnaaoM baad jaaosaof AaOr Abaobao ifr imalao tao [saI natIjao pr
phu^cao ik daonaaoM ko naaOkr barabar ko hI baovakUf hOM.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 24 ~

6 AaOrtoM AaOr bartna14
Alamaasa15 naama kI ek AaOrt ek baD,o Sahr ko pasa rhtI qaI.
ek idna ]sa nao bahut saarI lakiD,yaa^ [k{I kI AaOr baajaar maoM
baocanao ko ilayao cala dI. ]Qar sao ]sa kI ek daost esTr baajaar sao
tOf,16 KrId kr laaOT rhI qaI.
daonaaoM bahut p`oma sao imalaIM. ]nhaoM nao Aapsa naoM bahut saarI baatoM
kI, baajaar kI, baccaaoM kI, Apnao pityaaoM kI AaOr ApnaI maohnat
kI BaI jaao vao saubah sao Saama tk krtI qaIM.
Alamaasa nao esTr sao kha — “hma laaoga hmaoSaa hI iktnaI
maohnat krto hOM, baD,o baD,o ga{raoM ka baaoJa ]zato hOM, baccaaoM kI
doKBaala krto hOM ifr BaI rajaa }^cao Aaohdo AadimayaaoM kao hI dota
hO. maO nao ]sa kao kBaI kao[- }^caa Aaohda iksaI AaOrt kao doto nahIM
doKa.”
esTr baaolaI — “baihna, yah tao tuma zIk khtI hao. calaao
hma laaoga cala kr [sa baaro maoM rajaa sao baat krto hOM ik vah eosaa
@yaaoM krta hO.” AaOr daonaaoM ek idna rajaa ko mahla maoM jaa phu^caIM.
vaha^ phu^ca kr daonaaoM nao rajaa kao GauTnaaoM ko bala baOz kr salaama
ikyaa AaOr ifr Alamaasa baaolaI — ‘ho rajaa, hma Aap sao ek
Women and the Pot - a folktale of Jablawi tribe of Ethiopia, Eastern Africa
Almaz, Aster
16
Teff is a grain whose flour is used to make Injeraa in Ethiopia
14
15

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 25 ~

savaala pUCnaa caahto hOM. maohrbaanaI kr ko Aap hmaoM bata[yao ik
Aap }^cao Aaohdo kovala AadimayaaoM kao AaOr naIcao Aaohdo hmaoSaa
AaOrtaoM kao hI @yaaoM doto hOMÆ”
rajaa baaolaa — “yah baat maOM tumhoM nahIM bata sakta, pr rukao,
maOM Apnao salaahkar kao baulavaata hU^. vah tuma laaogaaoM kao batayaogaa ik
eosaa @yaaoM haota hO.
eosaa krao ik tuma yah bartna
maoro salaahkar ko pasa lao jaaAao.
[sa bartna maoM maoro salaahkar ko naama
ek ica{I hO ijasa maoM maOM nao tumharo
savaala ko baaro maoM ilaK idyaa hO.
[sa kao tuma ]sa salaahkar kao do
donaa. vah tumharo savaala ka javaaba ja$r do dogaa. AaOr ha^, yah
bartna tuma Apnao Aap mat Kaolanaa.”
daonaaoM AaOrtaoM nao pUCa — “@yaa hma doK sakto hOM ik [sa bartna
maoM @yaa hO?”
rajaa baaolaa — “nahIM, yah kama tuma laaoga iksaI BaI hala maoM na
krnaa.” daonaaoM AaOrtaoM nao rajaa ka kha maananao ka vaayada ikyaa
AaOr rajaa ko salaahkar ko pasa cala dIM.
qaaoD,I dUr jaanao ko baad hI esTr baaolaI — “maOM yah bartna Kaola
kr doKnaa caahtI hU^ ik AaiKr [sa bartna ko Andr hO @yaa.”

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 26 ~

Alamaasa baaolaI — “[cCa tao maorI BaI yahI hO pr @yaa kroM
rajaa nao manaa ikyaa hO.”
esTr baaolaI — “pr rajaa kao kOsao pta calaogaa ik hma nao
bartna Kaolaa hO? hma [sa maoM sao kuC inakalaoMgao qaaoD,o hI. basa doKoMgao
ik [sa maoM @yaa hO AaOr ifr [sao band kr doMgao.”
saao daonaaoM ek jagah baOz gayaIM AaOr
]nhaoM nao bartna Kaola idyaa. jaOsao hI
]nhaoM nao bartna ka Zknaa ]zayaa, ek
pIlao rMga kI icaiD,yaa }pr Aasamaana maoM
]D, gayaI AaOr mahla ko Andr calaI
gayaI.
Alamaasa AaOr esTr daonaaoM Dr gayaIM pr Aba tao kuC hao nahIM
sakta qaa. ]nhaoM nao ]sa bartna ko Andr Jaa^ka tao ]sa maoM ek
kagaja ka TukD,a rKa qaa ijasa pr ilaKa qaa “@yaaoM ik AaOrtoM
hukuma maananaa nahIM jaanatIM.”
Aba ]na daonaaoM AaOrtaoM kI samaJa maoM Aayaa ik rajaa AaOrtaoM kao
}^cao AaohdaoM pr @yaaoM nahIM rKta qaa.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 27 ~

7 catur ipta17
[iqayaaoipyaa ko A@sauma rajya18 maoM ek baUZ,a AadmaI rhta qaa ijasa
ka kafI baD,a pirvaar qaa. ]sa ko saat baoTo qao AaOr saataoM hmaoSaa
laD,to JagaD,to rhto qao.
hr baoTa yah caahta qaa ik ipta kI saarI sampi<a ]saI kao
imalao. baUZ,a yah saba doK kr bahut duKI rhta qaa pr kr kuC BaI
nahIM pa rha qaa.
ek idna vah baUZ,a AadmaI baImaar pD, gayaa. ]sa kao lagaa ik
vah jaldI hI mar jaayaogaa saao ]sa nao Apnao saataoM baoTaoM kao baulaa
Baojaa.
]sa ko saBaI baoTo turnt hI Aa phu^cao @yaaoM ik ]na maoM sao hr ek
kao yah jaananao kI [cCa qaI ik ]sa kao ]na ko ipta sao @yaa
imalaogaa.
laoikna ]sa baUZ,o AadmaI nao ]na kao kuC nahIM idyaa bailk ]na
saba kao jaMgala Baoja idyaa AaOr dao dao DMiDyaa^ laanao kao kha. ]sa ko
saba baoTo turnt hI jaMgala gayao AaOr dao dao DMiDyaa^ lao kr ipta ko
pasa laaOT Aayao. ipta nao ]na saba kao ek laa[na maoM KD,a ikyaa,
saba sao baD,a saba sao phlao AaOr saba sao CaoTa saba sao baad maoM.
17
18

Intelligent Father - a folktale of Jablawi tribe of Ethiopia, Eastern Africa
Axum (or Aksum) kingdom (or province) of Ethiopia

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 28 ~

Aba baUZ,o nao Apnao saba sao baD,o baoTo sao kha — “ek DMDI Apnao
GauTnaaoM pr rKao AaOr ]sao taoD,nao kI kaoiSaSa krao.” baoTo nao eosaa hI
ikyaa AaOr DMDI ek JaTko maoM hI TUT gayaI. eosaa ]sa nao Apnao
saataoM baoTaoM sao krnao ko ilayao kha AaOr saataoM nao ApnaI ApnaI DMiDyaa^
taoD, dIM
[sa ko baad ifr ]sa nao Apnao saba sao
baD,o baoTo sao kha — “Aba [na bacaI hu[saataoM DMiDyaaoM ka ek baMDla banaa laao.”
baD,o baoTo nao eosaa hI ikyaa. ]sa nao Apnao
saba Baa[yaaoM sao ]na kI DMiDyaa^ lao laIM AaOr
]na kao baa^Qa kr ek baMDla banaa ilayaa.
baUZ,a baaolaa — “Aba [sa kao Apnao GauTnaaoM pr rKao AaOr taoD,nao
kI kaoiSaSa krao.” baD,o baoTo nao kafI dor tk ]sa baMDla kao taoD,nao
kI kaoiSaSa kI prntu nahIM taoD, saka.
baUZ,o nao ek ek kr ko vah baMDla Apnao saBaI baoTaoM kao idyaa
prntu ApnaI laaK kaoiSaSaaoM ko baavajaUd ]na maoM sao kao[- BaI ]sa
baMDla kao na taoD, saka.
[sa pr vah baUZ,a baaolaa — “maOM ApnaI saarI sampi<a tuma saba kao
dota hU^. Agar tuma laaoga [k{o rhaogao tao majabaUt rhaogao AaOr kao[- BaI
tuma kao jaIt nahIM sakogaa. pr Agar tuma laaoga Alaga hao gayao AaOr
tuma nao ba^Tvaara kr ilayaa tao tumharo duSmana tumhoM hra doMgao AaOr tuma

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 29 ~

laaogaaoM kao proSaana kroMgao. saao ek saaqa rhnaa.” yah kh kr baUZ,a
mar gayaa.
ipta kI baat sauna kr Aba ]na saataoM Baa[yaaoM nao laD,naa JagaD,naa
CaoD, idyaa AaOr saba imala kr ]sa sampi<a kao [stomaala krnao maoM laga
gayao. kuC hI idnaaoM maoM vao A@sauma Sahr ko jaanao maanao AmaIr
AadimayaaoM maoM iganao jaanao lagao.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 30 ~

8 maohmaana19
[iqayaaoipyaa maoM rajaa iqayaaoDaor ko samaya maoM yaanaI sana\ 1855 AaOr sana\
1868 ko baIca bahut saaro laaoga dUsaro doSaaoM sao [iqayaaoipyaa Aayao. ]na
maoM sao kuC laaoga yaUraop sao BaI Aayao. ]nhaoM nao saara [iqayaaoipyaa GaUmaa,
]<ar sao dixaNa tk AaOr pUva- sao piScama tk.
]nhaoM nao naidyaa^ par kIM, naalao par ikyao, gahrI gahrI GaaiTyaaoM maoM
gayao, }^cao }^cao phaD,aoM pr caZ,o, garma roigastana par ikyao. ]nhaoM nao
doSa ko na@Sao BaI banaayao ijana maoM vao naidyaa^, phaD,, roigastana AaOr
saD,koM idKayaIM.
kuC saalaaoM maoM jaba ]nhaoM nao Apnaa kama Ktma kr ilayaa tao vao
na@Sao ]nhaoM nao rajaa iqayaaoDaor kao idKayao.
rajaa nao ]na na@SaaoM kao doKa AaOr baaolaa — “yao na@Sao tao bahut
AcCo hOM. [na na@SaaoM kao doKnao sao pta calata hO ik naIla nadI tao
tanaa JaIla sao inaklatI hO. [sa maoM tao hmaaro doSa ko AaOr phaD, AaOr
naidyaa^ BaI idKayao gayao hOM. maOM tuma laaogaaoM ko kama sao bahut KuSa
hU^.”

19

Guests - a folktale of Jablawi tribe of Ethiopia, Eastern Africa

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 31 ~

rajaa nao ]na laaogaaoM kao ek baD,I davat dI ijasa maoM ]na kao Kanao
ko ilayao [injara AaOr vat poSa ikyaa gayaa. tja AaOr TOlaa20 pInao
ko ilayao poSa kI gayaI.
davat ko baad rajaa nao [na kao saaonao AaOr caa^dI kI BaoMToM dIM.
[sa ko baad jaba vao jaanao lagao tao rajaa nao ]na ka saamaana BaoMToM jahaja
pr caZ,anao ko ilayao AaOr ]na kao ivada krnao ko ilayao k[- naaOkr saaqa
kr idyao.
jaba vao bandrgaah pr phu^cao tao naaOkraoM nao ]na ka saara saamaana
jahaja pr rK idyaa. maohmaana laaoga BaI jahaja pr caZ,nao lagao tao
ek naaOkr nao ]na kao raok ilayaa. ]na ko jaUto ]taro, ]na kao zIk
sao Qaaoyaa AaOr Qaaonao ko baad vao jaUto ]na kao ifr sao phnaa idyao.
maohmaanaaoM kao baD,a AaScaya- huAa ik yah @yaa huAa. ]nhaoM nao
naaOkraoM sao pUCa — “tuma laaogaaoM nao hmaaro jaUto @yaaoM Qaaoyao?”
]sa naaOkr nao javaaba idyaa — “tuma laaogaaoM nao hmaara saara
[iqayaaoipyaa doKa. tuma nao doKa ik vah iktnaa saundr hO. tuma
jaanato hao ik hma Apnao doSa kao bahut Pyaar krto hOM. hma laaoga
Apnao baIja [iqayaaoipyaa kI ima+I maoM baaoto hOM AaOr yahIM Apnaa Baaojana
pOda krto hOM.
hma Apnao maro hue laaogaaoM kao BaI yahIM gaaD,to hOM. tuma nao doSa Bar
maoM jaao saD,koM AaOr pgaDMiDyaa^ doKIM vao hmaaro purKaoM kI banaayaIM hu[20

Injera and Wat are the national food of Ethiopia and Tej and Tella are their famous liquors.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 32 ~

hOM. yah ima+I hI hmaarI maa^ hO AaOr hmaara baap hO. hmanao tumhoM saaonaa
idyaa, caa^dI dI prntu hma Apnao doSa kI ima+I tumhoM nahIM do sakto.
[saI vajah sao rajaa nao mauJa sao calato samaya kha qaa ik maOM tuma
laaogaaoM ko jaUto [iqayaaoipyaa CaoD,nao sao phlao Qaao dU^.”
Qanya hO vah doSa jaha^ eosao doSaBa> rhto hOM ijanhoM Apnao doSa kI
ima+I sao [tnaa Pyaar hO. yah [iqayaaoipyaa kI kao[- laaok kqaa nahIM hO
jaao saidyaaoM sao calaI Aa rhI hO, yah [iqayaaoipyaa maoM rhnao vaalaaoM ko
doSa p`oma kI ek khanaI hO.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 33 ~

9 baovakUf maamaao21
[iqayaaoipyaa ko ek gaa^va maoM maamaao naama ka ek laD,ka ApnaI maa^ ko
saaqa rhta qaa. ]sa ko ipta nahIM qao. maamaao ApnaI maa^ kI sahayata
krnaa caahta qaa @yaaoM ik vah bahut hI garIba qaI.
saao ek idna vah ek iksaana ko pasa gayaa AaOr ]sa sao kuC
kama donao ko ilayao kha. iksaana Balaa qaa ]sa nao maamaao kao Apnao
Kot pr kuC kama do idyaa. jaba maamaao nao Apnaa kama Ktma kr
ilayaa tao iksaana nao ]sa kao ]sa ko kama ko badlao maoM kuC pOsao
idyao.
jaba maamaao Gar vaapsa jaa rha qaa tao ]sa nao vao pOsao rasto maoM foMk
idyao. jaba maamaao Gar phu^caa tao ]sa nao ApnaI maa^ kao batayaa ik
Aaja ]sa nao ek iksaana ko pasa kama ikyaa qaa.
maa^ nao pUCa tao tumharo kama ko badlao maoM ]sa nao tuma kao pOsao idyao
haoMgao vah pOsao kha^ hOM? maamaao baaolaa vah tao maOM nao foMk idyao.
[sa pr ]sa kI maa^ bahut naaraja hu[- AaOr baaolaI — “Aagao sao
eosaa kBaI na krnaa bailk ]na kao ApnaI jaoba maoM rK kr laanaa.”
maamaao baaolaa “zIk hO.”

21

Foolish Maamo - a folktale of Jablawi tribe of Ethiopia, Eastern Africa

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 34 ~

Agalao idna maamaao ifr ]saI iksaana ko pasa gayaa AaOr ]sa ka
kama ikyaa. kama Ktma haonao ko baad iksaana nao ]sa idna ]sa kao
kama ko badlao maoM kuC ma@Kna idyaa.
ApnaI maa^ kI baat yaad kr ko maamaao nao vah ma@Kna ApnaI jaoba
maoM Dala ilayaa. rasto maoM garmaI qaI. saao Gar Aato Aato vah ma@Kna
ipGala gayaa. jaoba maoM sao ma@Kna ipGala ipGala kr Tpkta rha.
]sa ka ma@Kna tao gayaa hI, saaqa maoM ]sa ko saba kpD,o BaI Kraba hao
gayao.
jaba maamaao kI maa^ nao yah saba doKa tao vah maamaao pr ifr bahut
naaraja hu[- AaOr baaolaI — “maamaao, [sa trh tuma maorI sahayata nahIM
kr rho hao.”
maamaao yah sauna kr bahut duKI huAa @yaaoM ik vah sacamauca hI maa^
kI sahayata krnaa caahta qaa. ]sa nao maa^ sao kha ik AgalaI baar
vah #yaala rKogaa.
Agalao idna jaba maamaao nao Apnaa kama Ktma ikyaa tao ]sa nao
maamaao kao kuC maa^sa idyaa. maamaao nao ]sa kao rssaI sao baa^Qaa AaOr ]sa
kao jamaIna pr GasaITto hue Gar kI trf cala idyaa.
kuC ku<aaoM nao vah maa^sa doKa tao vao maamaao ko pICo laga gayao AaOr
]sa ka saara maa^sa Ka ilayaa. jaba tk maamaao Gar phu^caa ]sa maa^sa maoM
sao kuC BaI nahIM bacaa qaa.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 35 ~

]sa kI maa^ yah doK kr ifr bahut naaraja hu[- AaOr baaolaI —
“AgalaI baar tuma kao jaao kuC imalao Apnao kMQao pr rK kr
laanaa.”
Agalao idna iksaana nao maamaao sao kha — “ik vah ]sa ko gaQao
kao nadI pr nahlaanao ko ilayao lao jaayao.” maamaao kao ApnaI maa^ ko
Sabd yaad Aayao tao ]sa nao ]sa gaQao kao Apnao kMQao pr rK ilayaa
AaOr nadI kI trf cala pD,a.
rasto maoM rasa, yaanaI gavana-r, DoimasaI22 ka Gar pD,ta qaa. rasa
DoimasaI kI baoTI bahut baImaar qaI. kao[- Da@Tr ]sa ka [laaja hI
nahIM kr pa rha qaa.
vah hmaoSaa ]dasa rhtI qaI, h^satI hI nahIM qaI. raoja vah ]dasa
caohra ilayao gaumasauma saI ApnaI iKD,kI ko pasa baOzI rhtI. kao[]sa kI kuC sahayata BaI nahIM kr pa rha qaa.
jaba maamaao gaQao kao Apnao kMQao pr rKo jaa
rha qaa tao rasa DoimasaI kI baoTI ApnaI
iKD,kI maoM baOzI baahr doK rhI qaI. jaba ]sa
nao maamaao kao kMQao pr gaQao kao ]zayao doKa tao
]sa kao baD,o jaaor sao h^saI Aa gayaI. vah tao
h^sato h^sato laaoT paoT hao gayaI.
22

Ras Demissie

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 36 ~

]sa kI h^saI kI Aavaaja sauna kr saba bahut hI KuSa hue ik
jaao kama baD,o baD,o Da@Tr nahIM kr sako vah kama maamaao ko ek CaoTo
sao kama nao kr idyaa. ]sa GaTnaa ko baad vah ]sa kao yaad kr kr
ko A@sar h^satI rhtI. kuC hI idnaaoM maoM vah zIk hao gayaI.
rasa DoimasaI nao ApnaI baoTI kI SaadI maamaao sao kr dI. Aba
maamaao kI maa^ garIba nahIM rhI. saba laaoga KuSaI KuSaI rhnao lagao.
yah khanaI yaUraoipyana laaok kqaa “baovakUf jaOk” jaOsaI hO jaao
[MgalaOMD maoM khI jaatI hO. pr vah khanaI [sa sao jyaada pUrI lagatI
hO, yah khanaI ]sa ko saamanao kuC AQaUrI saI lagatI hO.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 37 ~

10 ek AaOrt AaOr Saor23
kafI samaya puranaI baat hO ik [iqayaaoipyaa ko ek Sahr maoM fanaayao24
naama kI ek AaOrt rhtI qaI. vah bahut duKI rhtI qaI @yaaoM ik
]sa ka pit ]sa kao ibalkula BaI Pyaar nahIM krta qaa.
Pyaar krnaa tao dUr vah ]sa sao baaolata tk nahIM qaa. saubah vah
Kanaa lao kr kama pr calaa jaata AaOr Saama kao qaka hara Gar
Aata tao Kanaa Ka kr saao jaata.
ek idna fanaayao jaba bahut proSaana hao gayaI tao vah ek
A@lamand AadmaI ko pasa gayaI AaOr ]sa kao Apnaa saba hala kh
saunaayaa ik ]sa ka pit ]sa kao ibalkula Pyaar nahIM krta qaa AaOr
]sa sao pUCa ik vah @yaa kro.
]sa A@lamand AadmaI nao ]sa kI baat Qyaana sao saunaI AaOr baaolaa
— “Aba jaao maOM tuma kao baat batata hU^ ]sao tuma ja$r krnaa.
Bagavaana nao caaha tao tumhara pit tuma kao ja$r hI Pyaar krnao
lagaogaa. prntu ]sa kama kao krnao sao phlao mauJao Saor kI pU^C ko kuC
baala caaihyao.”
f,anaayao yah sauna kr icanta maoM pD, gayaI pr vah ifr vaha^ sao
calaI gayaI. ]sa kao bahut hI ifkr hao rhI qaI ik Saor kI pU^C ko
23
24

A Woman and a Lion - a folktale of Jablawi tribe of Ethiopia, Eastern Africa
Fanaye

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 38 ~

baala vah Balaa kha^ sao laayaogaI. yah kama tao naamaumaikna saa idKayaI
dota qaa.
pr Agar ]sa kao Apnao pit ka Pyaar panaa hO tao ]sao Saor kI
pU^C ko baala tao khIM na khIM sao laanao hI pD,oMgao. vah [sa kama maoM
safla hao yaa na hao pr vah kaoiSaSa ja$r krogaI.
ijasa Sahr maoM vah rhtI qaI ]sa ko baahr ek Ganaa jaMgala qaa
AaOr ]sa jaMgala maoM Saor kI ek gaufa qaI. ek idna fanaayao nao kuC
maa^sa ek paoTlaI maoM baa^Qaa AaOr ]sa Saor kI gaufa kI trf cala dI,.
]sa nao vah maa^sa Saor kI gaufa ko baahr rK idyaa AaOr ]sa ko
baahr inaklanao ka [ntjaar krnao lagaI. Saor baahr tao Aayaa prntu
jaOsao hI ]sa nao Saor kao doKa tao vah Dr gayaI AaOr vaha^ sao Baaga
KD,I hu[-. vah Saor sao bahut jyaada Dr gayaI qaI.
Agalao idna vah kuC AaOr jyaada maa^sa lao kr Saor kI gaufa kI
trf calaI. gaufa ko pasa phu^ca kr ]sa nao vah maa^sa ek p%qar pr
rK idyaa AaOr vah Kud ek poD, ko pICo KD,I hao gayaI. kuC hI
dor maoM Saor Aayaa AaOr maa^sa Kanao lagaa. vah Saor ko pICo sao hI ]sa
kao maa^sa Kata doKtI rhI.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 39 ~

tIsaro idna vah ek BaoD, lao kr AayaI. ]sa idna vah BaoD, ko
pasa hI KD,I rhI jaba tk Saor nao BaoD, kao Kayaa. caaOqao idna vah
DrI BaI nahIM AaOr BaagaI BaI nahIM, bailk ]sa nao Saor kao Kud Apnao
haqaaoM sao maa^sa iKlaayaa.

Aba vah raoja Saor ko ilayao maa^sa lao jaanao lagaI AaOr vah AaOr
Saor daonaaoM Aapsa maoM AcCo daost bana gayao. vah Aba ]sa Saor kao pasa
ibaza kr maa^sa iKlaatI.
ek idna jaba vah Saor maa^sa Ka rha qaa tao ]sa nao ]sa kI pU^C
maoM sao qaaoD,o sao baala taoD, ilayao. ifr ]sa nao ]sa kao AaOr jyaada maa^sa
idyaa AaOr qaaoD,o sao baala AaOr taoD, ilayao. Saor nao ]sa kI Aaor doKa
BaI nahIM.
f,anaayao Aba bahut KuSa qaI ik ]sa kao Saor kI pU^C ko baala
imala gayao qao. Aba vah A@lamand AadmaI ]sa kao ]sa ko pit ka
Pyaar panao kI kao[- na kao[- trkIba ja$r hI bata dogaa.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 40 ~

vah Saor ko baala lao kr turnt ]sa A@lamand AadmaI ko Gar
AayaI AaOr vao Saor ko baala ]tavalaI sao ]sa ko haqa maoM doto hue baaolaI
— “yao rho Saor kI pU^C ko baala. Aba bataAao maOM @yaa k$^?”
vah A@lamand AadmaI Saor kI pU^C ko baala Apnao haqa maoM lao
kr jaaor sao h^sa pD,a AaOr baaolaa — “kOsaI AjaIba baat hO, tuma Saor
jaOsao KU^#vaar jaanavar kao Apnaa daost banaa kr ]sa kI pU^C ko baala
laa saktI hao AaOr tuma Apnao pit kao Apnaa daost banaa kr ]sa
ka Pyaar nahIM pa saktIM.”
f,anaayao yah sauna kr bahut Sarimanda hu[-. ]sa kI samaJa maoM Aa
gayaa ik vah khIM galatI pr qaI. QaIro QaIro ]sa ka Apnao pit ko
saaqa vyavahar badla gayaa AaOr ifr ]sa ka pit ]sa kao KUba Pyaar
krnao lagaa.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 41 ~

11 naaO Baa[-25
ek baar kI baat hO ik ek gaa^va maoM naaO Baa[- ApnaI maa^ ko saaqa
rhto qao. vao saba ko saba bahut hI baovakUf qao.
ek baar iksaI dUsaro doSa nao ]na ko doSa pr hmalaa kr idyaa
AaOr laD,a[- iCD, gayaI. [na naaO Baa[yaaoM nao imala kr fOsalaa ikyaa ik
vao saba saonaa maoM BartI hao kr Apnao doSa kI rxaa ko ilayao laD,oMgao.
tao ]na kI maa^ nao samaJaayaa — “maoro baccaao, tuma laaoga vaha^
saavaQaanaI sao rhnaa. Agar tuma laaoga ek saaqa rhaogao tao saurixat
rhaogao pr Agar tuma laaoga Alaga Alaga hao gayao tao tuma laaogaaoM kao
kBaI BaI kao[- BaI nauksaana phu^ca sakta hO.”
]nhaoM nao maa^ kI [sa baat kao gaa^z maoM baa^Qaa AaOr saba nao ek
saaqa rhnao ka vaayada ikyaa. ifr saba nao Apnao Apnao kpD,o ilayao,
rasto ko ilayao kuC Kanaa saaqa maoM ilayaa AaOr cala idyao saonaa maoM BartI
haonao ko ilayao.
calato calato kuC dor ko baad hI saba sao baD,a Baa[- ruk gayaa
AaOr baaolaa — “jara rukao, hma doK tao laoM ik hma saba yaha^ maaOjaUd
hOM ik nahIM. @yaaoM ik calato samaya hmaarI maa^ nao kha qaa ik saba
saaqa hI rhnaa.”
25

Nine Brothers - a folktale of Jablawi tribe of Ethiopia, Eastern Africa

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 42 ~

saao ]sa nao saba kao igananaa Sau$ kr idyaa. ek, dao, tIna,
caar, pa^ca, Ch, saat AaOr yah Aaz. AaOr ek kha^ rh gayaa, hma
tao naaO Baa[- saaqa calao qao?”
]sa nao ifr iganaa, ek, dao, tIna, caar, pa^ca, Ch, saat AaOr
yah Aaz. vah baar baar saba kao iganata qaa pr ]sa kI iganatI
Aaz sao Aagao baZ, hI nahIM patI qaI.
vah bahut proSaana huAa AaOr baaolaa — “yah tao baD,I gaD,baD, hao
gayaI. hma laaoga naaO Baa[- Gar sao calao qao AaOr Aba kovala Aaz hI
hOM. hma laaogaaoM maoM sao ek gaayaba hO. kha^ jaa sakta hO vah? maOM baar
baar iganata hU^ pr maOM kovala Aaz tk hI igana pata hU^.”
dUsaro Baa[yaaoM nao BaI kaoiSaSa kI prntu vao BaI Aaz tk hI igana
payao. vaastva maoM hr Baa[- Apnao saba Baa[yaaoM kao tao iganata qaa pr
Apnao Aap kao igananaa BaUla jaata qaa.
saBaI Baa[- bahut duKI AaOr proSaana qao. ek baaolaa — “khIM
hma maoM sao ek iksaI phaD,I sao naIcao tao nahIM igar gayaa?”
dUsara baaolaa — “hao sakta hO rasto maoM ]sao kao[- Saor Ka gayaa
hao.”
tIsara baaolaa — “yaa ]sao saa^p nao kaT ilayaa hao.”
vao qak kr saD,k ko iknaaro lagao ek poD, ko naIcao baOz gayao.
vao saaoca hI nahIM pa rho qao ik vao @yaa kroM. ibanaa Apnao navaoM Baa[-

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 43 ~

kao ZU^Zo ibanaa vao Aagao nahIM baZ, sakto qao @yaaoM ik maa^ ko kho
Anausaar Aba ]na pr kao[- Aaft Aa saktI qaI.
kuC samaya baad vaha^ sao ek A@lamand AadmaI gaujara. ]sa nao
doKa ik naaO naaOjavaana laD,ko poD, ko naIcao mau^h laTkayao baOzo hOM. ]sa
kao yah ATpTa saa lagaa sao vah ruk gayaa AaOr ]na sao pUCa —
“baccaaoM, tuma laaoga [sa trh sao mau^h laTkayao @yaaoM baOzo hao? @yaa
tumhara kuC Kao gayaa hO?”
saba sao baD,a Baa[- baaolaa — “ha^, hmaara ek Baa[- Kao gayaa hO
AaOr vah hma kao imala nahIM rha hO. hma laaoga ]saI kI vajah sao
proSaana hOM. hma laaoga jaba Gar sao calao qao tao hma naaO Baa[- qao, Aba
hma kovala Aaz hOM.”
]sa AadmaI nao ]na saba kao ek najar doKa AaOr mauskura kr
baaolaa — “Agar maOM tumharo [sa Kaoyao hue Baa[- kao ZU^Z dU^ tao tuma mauJao
@yaa daogao?”
vao baaolao — “hma Apnaa saara Kanaa tuma kao do doMgao. tuma hmaara
Baa[- ZU^Z dao.”
]sa AadmaI nao ]na saba kao ek laa[na maoM KD,a kr idyaa AaOr
saba kao ek ek kr ko iganaa tao vao pUro naaO qao. saBaI Baa[- yah doK
kr bahut KuSa qao. KuSaI KuSaI ]nhaoM nao Apnaa saara Kanaa ]sa
AadmaI kao do idyaa.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 44 ~

vah AadmaI ]na Baa[yaaoM kI baovakUfI pr mana hI mana h^sata huAa
]na ka Kanaa lao kr Apnao rasto calaa gayaa AaOr ]Qar vao Baa[- BaI
KuSaI KuSaI saonaa maoM BartI haonao cala idyao.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 45 ~

12 gaQao kI pU^C26
ek baar kI baat hO ik ek Sahr maoM ek bahut hI AmaIr vyaaparI
rhta qaa. vah bahut AmaIr qaa prntu bahut hI Balaa qaa. jaao BaI
]sa ko Gar Aata vah ]sa kI zIk sao KaitrdarI krta qaa AaOr
Apnao Sahr vaalaaoM kI BaI hmaoSaa madd krnao kao tOyaar rhta qaa.
]sa vyaaparI ko pasa bahut saara saaonaa qaa AaOr yah baat saBaI
jaanato qao. ek idna ek AadmaI nao doKa ik vah vyaaparI Apnao
Kccar pr savaar hao kr khIM jaa rha qaa.
AcCa maaOka doK kr vah AadmaI ]sa vyaaparI ko Gar maoM Gausa
gayaa AaOr ]sa kI caarpayaI ko naIcao rKo ba@sao maoM sao saara saaonaa
inakala kr turnt hI vaha^ sao Baaga gayaa. ba@saa vah vahIM CaoD,
gayaa.
kuC samaya baad jaba vah vyaaparI Apnao Gar Aayaa tao ]sao
Apnao Gar ka TUTa huAa drvaajaa doK kr kuC Sak huAa. vah
jaldI jaldI Apnao Gar maoM Gausaa. vaha^ caaraoM trf doKnao ko baad ]sao
pta calaa ik kao[- caaor ]sa ka saara saaonaa caura kr Baaga gayaa hO.
vah jaja ko pasa gayaa AaOr baaolaa — “iksaI nao maora saaonaa caura
ilayaa hO AaOr mauJao Sak hO ik hmaaro hI Sahr ko iksaI AadmaI nao ]sao
caurayaa hO.”
26

Tail of the Donkey - a folktale of Jablawi tribe of Ethiopia, Eastern Africa

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 46 ~

jaja baaolaa — “Agar eosaa hO tao tuma ibalkula BaI ifkr na
krao maOM ]sa caaor ka pta turnt hI lagaa laU^gaa. tuma basa eosaa krao
ik mauJao ek gaQaa do jaaAao.”
vyaaparI turnt hI ek gaQaa lao Aayaa AaOr
jaja saahba kao do idyaa. jaja nao ]sa gaQao kI pU^C
maoM KUba saarI KuSabaU lagaayaI AaOr ]sa kao ek Komao
ko Andr baa^Qa idyaa.
ifr ]sa nao Sahr ko saaro AadimayaaoM kao baulaa kr kha —
“iksaI nao [sa vyaaparI ka saaonaa caura ilayaa hO AaOr mauJao Sak hO ik
yah kama tuma laaogaaoM maoM sao hI iksaI ek ka hO.
maoro pasa ek gaQaa hO jaao caaor ka pta lagaayaogaa. hr AadmaI
Komao maoM jaa kr gaQao kI pU^C Cuegaa. laoikna jaba caaor gaQao kI pU^C
Cuegaa tao gaQaa bahut jaaor sao ZoMcaU ZoMcaU krogaa.”
ek ek kr ko hr AadmaI ]sa Komao maoM jaanao lagaa AaOr gaQao
kI pU^C CU kr baahr Aanao lagaa. jaba BaI kao[- ]sa gaQao kI pU^C
CUta tao gaQaa caupcaap rhta pr jaba caaor Andr gayaa tao ]sa nao [sa
Dr sao ik ]sa ko pU^C CUnao sao gaQaa icallaa pD,ogaa gaQao kI pU^C Cu[hI nahIM.
jaba saba laaogaaoM nao Apnaa kama Ktma kr ilayaa tao jaja nao saba
ko haqa doKo. kovala ek hI AadmaI ko haqa sao hI KuSabaU nahIM Aa

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 47 ~

rhI qaI. jaja nao ]sa AadmaI kao pkD, ilayaa AaOr kha ik tuma hI
caaor hao.
]sa AadmaI kao baD,a AaScaya- huAa saao ]sa nao jaja sao pUCa —
“Aap nao kOsao jaanaa ik caaor maOM hI hU^? maOM tao caaor nahIM hU^ @yaaoM ik
maoro CUnao pr vah icallaayaa hI nahIM.”
jaja baaolaa — “pr tuma nao tao ]sa kI pU^C Cu[- hI nahIM. Agar
tuma ]sa kI pU^C CUto tba tao vah icallaata.”
caaor nao pUCa — “Aap kao kOsao pta ik maOM nao gaQao kI pU^C Cu[hI nahIM.”
jaja baaolaa — “maOM tumharo ijatnaa baovakUf nahIM hU^. maOM nao [sa
gaQao kI pU^C maoM KuSabaU lagaa dI qaI [sa ilayao Agar tuma nao gaQao kI
pU^C Cu[- haotI tao tumharo haqa maoM KuSabaU Aa jaatI pr tumharo haqaaoM maoM
tao kao[- KuSabaU nahIM hO.
baakI saBaI laaogaaoM nao gaQao kI pU^C Cu[- qaI [sa ilayao ]na ko haqaaoM
maoM KuSabaU hO, tuma nao nahIM Cu[- tumharo haqaaoM maoM KuSabaU nahIM hO.”
caaor samaJa gayaa ik Aaja vah pkD,a gayaa. ]sa nao ApnaI caaorI
maana laI AaOr ]sa vyaaparI ka saara saaonaa vaapsa kr idyaa.
saao yah qaI jaja kI A@lamandI kI khanaI caaor kao phcaananao
kI. eosaI kuC khainayaa^ Baart maoM baIrbala kI khainayaaoM maoM BaI
payaI jaatI hOM.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 48 ~

13 Saor ka baccaa27
yah bahut puranaI baat hO ik ek baar ek Saor ko baccao nao baD,o SaoraoM
ko saaqa iSakar pr jaanao kI ijad kI.
]sa ko ipta nao ]sa sao kha BaI — “baoTa, tuma ABaI bahut
CaoTo hao. tuma ABaI iSakar pr jaanao laayak nahIM hao. tuma yaa tao
iSakar maoM Gaayala hao jaaAaogao yaa ifr Kao jaaAaogao. [sa ilayao tumhoM
ABaI Gar pr hI rhnaa caaihyao.”
pr baccao nao ijad krto hue ipta Saor sao p`aqa-naa kI — “ipta
jaI, maOM Aba [tnaa CaoTa baccaa BaI nahIM hU^ jaao ApnaI doK Baala na
kr sakU^. mauJao BaI iSakar pr jaanao kI [jaajat do dIijayao na.”
Ant maoM ipta Saor rajaI hao gayaa AaOr baccaa Saor BaI iSakar ko ilayao
cala idyaa.
ipta Saor nao ]sa kao saavaQaana krto hue kha — “baoTa, tuma
iSakar pr jaa tao rho hao pr tuma dUsaro baD,o SaoraoM ko saaqa hI rhnaa
varnaa tuma mausaIbat maoM f^sa jaaAaogao.”
“zIk hO.”
baccaa Saor jaba jaMgala sao gaujar rha qaa tao ]sa kao saba kuC
nayaa nayaa laga rha qaa [sa ilayao vah hr ek caIja kao baD,o AaScaya27

Baby Lion - a folktale of Jablawi tribe of Ethiopia, Eastern Africa

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 49 ~

AaOr Qyaana sao doK rha qaa. [sa doKnao ko ca@kr maoM vah baD,o SaoraoM
ko JauMD sao pICo Akolaa rh gayaa.
jaba ]sa nao Apnao Aap kao Akolaa payaa tao vah bahut Gabarayaa
pr ]sa kI samaJa maoM na Aayaa ik vah @yaa kro. vah Apnao Gar sao
kafI dUr inakla Aayaa qaa AaOr Aba rasta BaUla gayaa qaa.
jaOsao jaOsao samaya gaujarta jaa rha qaa ]sa ka Dr baZ,ta hI jaa
rha qaa. Aba ]sa kao Apnao ipta kI dI hu[- salaah yaad AayaI ik
]sa ko ipta nao ]sa kao baD,o SaoraoM ko saaqa rhnao ko ilayao @yaaoM kha
qaa. pr Aba @yaa hao sakta qaa.
QaIro QaIro vah ek baD,o Gaasa ko maOdana maoM inakla Aayaa. yaha^
tao haqaI rhto qao. ]sa nao doKa ik ]sa maOdana maoM tao haqaI Gaasa Ka
rho qao.
]sa nao tao haqaI phlao kBaI doKo nahIM qao. vah jaanata hI nahIM
qaa ik haqaI @yaa haota hO saao vah ]na haiqayaaoM ko JauMD maoM inaDr hao
kr GaUmanao lagaa. [tnao maoM ek baD,o haqaI ka pOr ]sa ko }pr pD,
gayaa AaOr vah baccaa Saor mar gayaa.
]Qar kafI dor baad SaoraoM kao pta calaa ik baccaa Saor ]na ko
JauMD maoM nahIM hO. ]nhoM icanta hu[- ik vah kha^ rh gayaa. ]nhaoM nao
]sa kao bahut ZU^Za pr vah ]nhoM khIM idKayaI nahIM idyaa.
]na maoM sao kuC nao kha — “hma laaoga tao ]sa kao daophr sao ZU^Z
rho hOM pr vah khIM idKayaI hI nahIM do rha hO.”

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 50 ~

Ant maoM ]na kao ]sa ka kucalaa huAa SarIr haiqayaaoM vaalao Gaasa
ko maOdana maoM imala gayaa. ]nhaoM nao Aapsa maoM [sa baat pr bahut duK
p`gaT ikyaa AaOr ifr yah baat ]sa ko ipta kao batanao gayao. vao
baaolao — “hmaoM bahut duK hO ik tumhara baoTa mar gayaa hO.”
[sa pr ipta Saor raonao lagaa AaOr raoto raoto baaolaa — “maoro baoTo
kao iksa nao maara hO, jaldI bataAao. maOM ]sa KUnaI kao sajaa dU^gaa.”
SaoraoM nao kha — “]sa kao haiqayaaoM nao maara hO. baccaa Saor Gaasa
ko maOdana saavannaa maoM Kao gayaa qaa. vaha^ ek baD,o haqaI ka pOr ]sa
ko }pr pD, gayaa AaOr vah mar gayaa.”
baUZ,o ipta Saor nao kuC pla saaocaa AaOr ifr baaolaa — “nahIM, maoro
baoTo kao haiqayaaoM nao nahIM bailk bakraoM nao maara hO.”
dUsaro SaoraoM nao ]sa kao bahut samaJaanao kI kaoiSaSa kI ik baccaa
Saor kao bakraoM nao nahIM maara, bakro tao ]sa kao maar hI nahIM sakto qao,
bailk ]sa kao haiqayaaoM nao maara hO prntu ipta Saor ApnaI baat pr
AD,a rha ik ]sa kao haiqayaaoM nao nahIM bailk bakraoM nao maara hO.
baUZ,a Saor bahut naaraja va duKI qaa. vah ]za AaOr cala idyaa.
kuC dUr jaanao pr ]sa kao ek bakraoM ka JauMD Gaasa Kata idKayaI
pD, gayaa.
basa ]sa nao Aava doKa na tava AaOr kr idyaa bakraoM pr
hmalaa. k[- bakraoM kao ]sa nao maar idyaa. jaba kafI KUna bah gayaa
tba khIM Saor kao Saaint imalaI AaOr vah Gar laaOTa.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 51 ~

k[- baar eosaa haota hO ik jaba kao[- Apnao sao jyaada taktvar
ka satayaa huAa haota hO tao @yaaoM ik vah ]sa taktvar sao laD, nahIM
pata [sa ilayao vah Apnao sao kmajaaor kao ]sa kI sajaa do kr Apnao
mana kao tsallaI do laota hO.
yahI hala Saor ka BaI huAa. vah haiqayaaoM sao tao laD, nahIM
sakta qaa [sa ilayao ]sa nao Apnaa badlaa ]na baocaaro kmajaaor bakraoM
kao maar kr ilayaa.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 52 ~

14 caalaak p%naI28
ek gaa^va maoM ek pit p%naI rhto qao. vao Apnaa kama baD,I maohnat
AaOr [-maanadarI ko saaqa krto qao prntu kBaI iksaI garIba kao dana maoM
ek pOsaa BaI nahIM doto qao. ]na ko kao[- baccaa BaI nahIM qaa saao ]na
ka Krcaa BaI kma qaa. ]na ka kafI pOsaa baca jaayaa krta qaa.
ek idna pit baajaar gayaa tao ]sa nao ek gaaya doKI. gaaya
tndurust AaOr baD,I qaI saao ]sa nao ]sao KrId ilayaa. vah gaaya ]sa nao
50 Dalar kI KrIdI.
baad maoM ]sa nao ApnaI p%naI ko ilayao ek Dalar kI ek maugaI- BaI
KrIdI AaOr Gar vaapsa Aa gayaa. p%naI [na daonaaoM kao doK kr bahut
KuSa qaI @yaaoM ik gaaya KUba dUQa dotI qaI AaOr maugaI- raoja AMDo.
ek rivavaar kao pit padrI sao imalanao gayaa. AaOr baataoM ko
saaqa saaqa ]na daonaaoM nao ]sa dUQa ko baaro maoM BaI baat kI jaao ]na kI
gaaya dotI qaI AaOr ]na AMDaoM ko baaro maoM BaI baat kI jaao ]na kI maugaIdotI qaI.
padrI nao kha — “tuma AmaIr tao hao pr bahut hI matlabaI hao
@yaaoM ik tuma nao gaa^va ko iksaI garIba AadmaI kI kBaI sahayata nahIM
kI. tuma kao ]na kI madd ja$r krnaI caaihyao. yaa tao tuma kao ]na
laaogaaoM kao kuC dUQa AaOr AMDo donao caaihyao yaa ifr kuC pOsao.”
28

Intelligent Wife - a folktale of Jablawi tribe of Ethiopia, Eastern Africa

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 53 ~

padrI kI yah baat pit kI samaJa maoM Aa gayaI. vah Gar Aa
kr p%naI sao baaolaa ik vah gaaya AaOr maugaI- kao baajaar maoM lao jaa kr
baoca do.
]sa nao saaqa maoM yah BaI kha ik vah gaaya kao baoca kr ]sa ka
pOsaa garIbaaoM maoM baa^T do AaOr maugaI- kao baoca kr ]sa ka pOsaa laa kr
]sa kao do do.
p%naI kao pit kI yah baat ibalkula psand nahIM AayaI prntu
vah pit kI khnao kao Tala tao nahIM saktI qaI na. vah saaocatI rhI
ik ]sao @yaa krnaa caaihyao ijasa sao saa^p BaI mar jaayao AaOr laazI BaI
na TUTo. AaiKr ]sa kao ek trkIba saUJa hI gayaI.
Agalao idna vah gaaya AaOr maugaI- lao kr baajaar gayaI AaOr ]na
kao baajaar maoM baocanao baOz gayaI. ek AadmaI gaaya KrIdnaa caahta qaa
saao ]sa nao ]sa AaOrt sao pUCa ik gaaya iktnao kI hO. AaOrt baaolaI
“ek Dalar kI.”
]sa AadmaI kao yah sauna kr bahut hI AaScaya- huAa ik eosaa
kOsao hO. ]sa nao kha — “mauJao yaha^ rhto hue iktnao saala hao gayao hOM
pr maOM nao eosaa kBaI nahIM saunaa ik gaaya ka dama ek Dalar hao. @yaa
yah gaaya dUQa dotI hO?”
vah AaOrt baaolaI — “ha^ ha^, ibalkula dotI hO, @yaaoM nahIM.
prntu ek Sat- hO ik Agar tuma gaaya KrIdaogao tao tuma kao saaqa maoM
yah maugaI- BaI KrIdnaI pD,ogaI.”

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 54 ~

AadmaI nao pUCa — “AaOr maugaI- kI kImat @yaa hO?”
AaOrt nao javaaba idyaa — “pcaasa Dalar.”
]sa AadmaI kao yah saba Jamaolaa saa laga rha qaa prntu 51
Dalar maoM gaaya AaOr maugaI- ka saaOda baura nahIM qaa saao ]sa nao 51 Dalar
do kr gaaya AaOr maugaI- daonaaoM KrId laIM. AaOrt nao KuSaI KuSaI 51
Dalar ApnaI jaoba ko hvaalao ikyao AaOr saIQaI caca- gayaI.
]sa kao vaha^ ek garIba AaOrt baOzI hu[- idKayaI dI. ]sa nao
]sa kao ek Dalar dana maoM idyaa AaOr Gar Aa kr pcaasa Dalar
Apnao pit ko haqa maoM qamaa idyao.
pit kao [tnao saaro Dalar doK kr baD,a AaScaya- huAa. ]sa nao
pUCa — “@yaa tuma nao gaaya kao baoca kr ]sa ko pOsao dana maoM nahIM idyao
yaa tuma kao ek maugaI- ko [tnao saaro pOsao imala gayao?”
p%naI baaolaI — “maOM nao daonaaoM kama kr idyao. gaaya kao baoca kr
]sa sao imalao pOsao dana maoM do idyao AaOr maugaI- ko mauJao [tnao saaro pOsao
imala gayao.”
pit kI ABaI BaI kuC samaJa maoM nahIM Aayaa tao p%naI nao ]sao saba
saaf saaf bata idyaa ik vah gaaya ek Dalar kI baoca kr ]sa nao
vah ek Dalar dana maoM do idyaa AaOr maugaI- kao pcaasa Dalar maoM baoca
kr vah pcaasa Dalar Gar lao AayaI.
[sa trh [sa caalaak p%naI nao Apnao pit ka khnaa BaI maanaa
AaOr pOsao BaI bacaayao.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 55 ~

15 dao yaa~I29
ek saubah kI baat hO ik ek vyaaparI ek gaQao pr savaar hao kr
ek Sahr sao dUsaro Sahr kI Aaor jaa rha qaa. rasto maoM ]sao ek
AaOr yaa~I imala gayaa jaao ]saI Sahr kao jaa rha qaa. @yaaoM ik daonaaoM
kao ek hI Sahr jaanaa qaa saao daonaaoM saaqa saaqa hI calanao lagao.
yaa~I saarI saubah kovala Apnao hI baaro maoM baatoM krta rha —
“maOM ek bahut hI AcCa laD,nao vaalaa hU^. maOM Apnao Sahr ka saba sao
jyaada taktvar AaOr bahadur AadmaI hU^. kuC hFto phlao maOM nao
Apnao haqaaoM sao ek Saor maara qaa. maOM nao bahadurI ko AaOr BaI bahut
saaro kama ikyao hOM.
bahadur haonao ko Alaavaa maOM A@lamand BaI bahut hU^. yaha^ tk
ik Apnao Sahr ko saaro A@lamandaoM sao BaI A@lamand hU^. jaba BaI
rajaa kao iksaI salaah kI ja$rt pD,tI hO tao vah hmaoSaa mauJa sao hI
salaah laota hO. maOM hI ]sa kao salaah dota hU^.”
vyaaparI ]sa kI yao baatoM saunata rha prntu baaolaa kuC BaI nahIM.
vao laaoga saarI saubah gaQaaoM pr savaar calato rho. qaaoD,I dor baad yaa~I
baaolaa — “hma laaoga qaaoD,I hI dor maoM Sahr phu^canao vaalao hOM. hma laaoga
tIna GaMTo tao cala hI cauko hOM.”
29

Two Travelers - a folktale of Jablawi tribe of Ethiopia, Eastern Africa

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 56 ~

daophr kao vao daonaaoM Sahr phu^ca gayao. daonaaoM bahut BaUKo qao saao
ek CaoTo sao haoTla maoM Gausa gayao AaOr ek KalaI maoja doK kr ]sa
pr jaa kr baOz gayao.
]na kao maoja pr baOza doK kr ek vaoTr
vaha^ Aayaa AaOr baaolaa — “Aap laaogaaoM ka
yaha^ svaagat hO. Aaja hmaaro pasa bahut hI
svaaddar vat30 banaa hO. @yaa Aap laaogaaoM nao
hmaaro haoTla ka vat phlao kBaI Kayaa hO?”
vat kI tarIf sauna kr daonaaoM nao ]sa kao
vat laanao ko ilayao kha. kuC hI imanaTaoM maoM
vaoTr laaOT Aayaa. vah ek baD,I PlaoT maoM vat
AaOr dUsarI PlaoT maoM kuC [injara lao Aayaa qaa.
vao daonaaoM PlaoToM ]sa nao ]na daonaaoM ko saamanao rK dIM.
phlao yaa~I nao Kanaa Sau$ ikyaa. vah vat [tnaa jyaada caTpTa
qaa ik yaa~I kI Aa^KaoM sao panao bahnao lagaa.
vyaaparI nao pUCa — “daost, tuma raoto @yaaoM hao?”
yaa~I saca batanao maoM Sarmaa rha qaa [sa ilayao ]sa nao JaUz baaola
idyaa. vah baaolaa — “maOM Apnao garIba Baa[- ko baaro maoM saaoca rha
qaa. gaa^va vaalaaoM nao ipClao hI hFto ]sa kao fa^saI pr caZ,a idyaa
Injera and Wat are the natonal food of Ethiopia. Injera is like South Indian Dosa and Wat is made of
red or black lentils or meat or chicken. See the pictures – Wat above and Injira below.
30

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 57 ~

qaa. ]nhaoM nao kha ik vah caaor qaa prntu yah saca nahIM qaa. mauJao
]saI ka #yaala Aa gayaa AaOr maOM rao pD,a.”
vyaaparI baaolaa — “sauna kr bahut duK huAa. mauJao yakIna hO
ik vah ja$r AcCa AadmaI rha haogaa.”
[sa ko baad vyaaparI nao vat Kayaa tao ]sa kao BaI vat kuC
jyaada hI caTpTa lagaa AaOr ]sa kI Aa^KaoM sao BaI panaI bahnao
lagaa.
yaa~I nao pUCa — “daost, tumharo raonao kI vajah @yaa hO?”
vyaaparI baaolaa — “daost, maOM [sa ilayao rao rha hU^ ik tuma Apnao
Baa[- ko saaqa fa^saI pr nahIM caZ,a idyao gayao.”

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 58 ~

16 baovakUf gaQaa31
[iqayaaoipyaa ko ]<arpUvaI- p`doSa iTgaro32 maoM ek namak ka vyaaparI
rhta qaa. yaha^ namak bahut haota hO. laaoga vaha^ jaato hOM AaOr namak
kaT kr lao Aato hOM. ifr ]sa kao doSa ko dUsaro ihssaaoM maoM }^cao
damaaoM pr baoca doto hOM. yah vyaaparI BaI yahI krta qaa.
iTgaro maoM roigastana BaI kafI qaa [sa ilayao gaQaaoM kao calanao maoM
bahut proSaanaI haotI qaI. ]sa vyaaparI ko k[- gaQaaoM maoM sao ek gaQao
kao yah proSaanaI kuC jyaada hI mahsaUsa haotI qaI.
jaba namak pIz pr laad kr ]sa kao roigastana sao gaujarnaa haota
qaa yaa phaD,I ko }^cao naIcao rastaoM pr calanaa haota qaa tba tao ]sa
kao ApnaI naanaI yaad Aa jaatI qaI.
jaba yao laaoga roigastana kI trf jaato qao tao rasto maoM ek nadI
BaI pD,tI qaI. baairSa ko maaOsama maoM yah nadI bahut baD,I hao jaatI
qaI. ek baar vah nadI KUba caZ,I hu[- qaI AaOr vah gaQaa ApnaI pIz
pr namak ka baaoJa rK kr ]sao par kr rha qaa.
jaba vah baIca nadI maoM phu^caa tao panaI ko toja bahava kI vajah
sao ]sa ka pOr ifsala gayaa AaOr vah igar pD,a. baD,I mauiSkla sao
]z kr ]sa nao vah nadI par kI. pr [sa baIca ]sa nao mahsaUsa ikyaa
31
32

A Foolish Donkey - a folktale of Jablawi tribe of Ethiopia, Eastern Africa
Tigre (or Tigray) province

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 59 ~

ik igarnao ko baad sao ]sa ka baaoJa kafI hlaka hao gayaa hO. vah
[sa sao bahut KuSa huAa.
Agalao mahInao vah vyaaparI ifr sao namak laonao ko ilayao Aayaa.
jaba vah vaapsa namak lao jaa rha qaa tao ]sa nadI ko pasa sao gaujarto
samaya ]sa gaQao kao ApnaI puranaI GaTnaa yaad Aa gayaI.
[sa baar vah jaana baUJa kr
nadI maoM igar pD,a AaOr jaba vah
nadI ko iknaaro pr phu^caa tao
ifr hlaka hao gayaa qaa. ]sa
kao yah trIka bahut psand
Aayaa AaOr ]sa nao [sa trIko
kao baar baar [stomaala krnao ka
fOsalaa kr ilayaa.
[Qar vyaaparI taD, gayaa ik ipClaI baar tao yah gaQaa sacamauca maoM
hI nadI maoM ifsala gayaa qaa pr [sa baar [sa nao maoro saaqa caalaakI
KolaI hO.
]sa nao gaQao kao sabak isaKanao ka fOsalaa kr ilayaa. AgalaI
baar jaba vah namak laanao gayaa tao ]sa nao bajaaya namak ko qaOlaaoM maoM
ima+I Bar kr ]sa gaQao ko }pr laad dI.
ima+I BaarI haotI hO tao gaQao nao [sa baar qaOlao BaarI tao mahsaUsa
ikyao pr vao ]sa kao [sa ilayao BaarI nahIM laga rho qao @yaaoM ik vah

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 60 ~

saaoca rha qaa ik vah ifr sao ]sa nadI maoM DubakI lagaa kr Apnaa
baaoJa hlaka kr laogaa.
jaba vah nadI maoM phu^caa tao ]sa nao vaOsaa hI ikyaa — vah nadI maoM
igar pD,a. pr yah @yaa? ipClaI baar tao vah panaI maoM sao AasaanaI sao
]z gayaa qaa pr [sa baar tao ]sa sao ihlaa BaI nahIM jaa rha qaa.
]Qar vyaaparI nadI ko pasa KD,a saaoca rha qaa ik [sa baar gaQao
kao AcCa sabak imalaogaa. jaba gaQaa kaoiSaSa krnao pr BaI na ]z
saka tao vyaaparI nadI ko baIca maoM gayaa, ]sa kI pIz sao ima+I ko qaOlao
]taro, tba jaa kr vah khIM ]z saka. vah baocaara maailak ko
saamanao isar Jaukayao KD,a qaa.
maailak nao ]sa kao qapqapayaa AaOr ifr sao namak laanao cala
idyaa. ]sa idna ko baad gaQao nao ifr kBaI eosaa kama nahIM ikyaa.
vah Aba bahut hI vafadar gaQaa hao gayaa qaa.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 61 ~

17 catur gavaOyaa33
bahut puranaI baat hO ik [iqayaaoipyaa ko ek gaa^va maoM ek gavaOyaa
rhta qaa. iksaI SaadI ko maaOko pr yaa ifr iksaI [jjatdar
maohmaana ko Aanao pr ]sa kao vaha^ gaanao ko ilayao baulaayaa jaata qaa.
]sa sao ]sa kao jaao pOsao imala jaato qao ]saI sao vah Apnaa gaujaara
krta qaa.
ek baar kuC eosaa huAa ik ]sa ko pasa eosao bahut saaro maaOko
Aayao. ]sa kao k[- jagah gaanao ko ilayao baulaayaa gayaa AaOr ]sa kao
bahut saarI AamadnaI hu[-.
ek idna ]sa nao saaocaa ik [tnaa saara saaonaa Gar maoM rKnaa zIk
nahIM hO [sa ilayao [sa kao jamaIna maoM khIM gaaD, donaa caaihyao. ]sa nao
ek qaOlao maoM Apnaa saara saaonaa rKa AaOr Apnao pICo vaalao bagaIcao maoM
rat ko samaya gaaD, Aayaa.
gavaOyao ka pD,aosaI yah jaanata qaa ik [sa gavaOyao ko pasa bahut
saaonaa hO [sa ilayao vah hmaoSaa ]sa kI caaOkIdarI krta rhta qaa.
]sa nao gavaOyao kao Apnaa saaonao ka qaOlaa gaaD,to hue BaI doK ilayaa
qaa.

33

An Intelligent Musician - a folktale of Jablawi tribe of Ethiopia, Eastern Africa

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 62 ~

jaba gavaOyaa rat kao Apnao bagaIcao maoM gayaa qaa tao ja$r hI vah
Apnaa saaonaa gaaD,nao gayaa haogaa @yaaoM ik [saI ilayao vah vaha^ rat kao
gayaa qaa.
kafI rat baIt jaanao ko baad vah pD,aosaI gavaOyao ko bagaIcao maoM
dbao pa^va caupcaap gayaa AaOr ibanaa iksaI Aavaaja ikyao vah jagah
Kaod kr saaonao ka qaOlaa inakala laayaa.
]sa nao qaOlaa Kaola kr doKa ik ]sa qaOlao maoM tao sacamauca hI
saaonaa qaa. vah bahut KuSa huAa AaOr ]sa jagah kao phlao jaOsaa banaa
kr vah ijasa trh vaha^ gayaa qaa ]saI trh vaapsa Apnao Gar laaOT
Aayaa.
kuC hI idnaaoM maoM gavaOyao kao pta cala gayaa ik iksaI nao ]sa ka
saaonaa Bara qaOlaa caura ilayaa hO. ]sa nao k[- baar Apnao pD,aosaI kao
ApnaI caaOkIdarI krto doKa qaa [sa ilayao ]sa ka phlaa Sak Apnao
pD,aosaI pr hI gayaa.
Aba vah Apnaa saaonaa ]sa sao kOsao vaapsa lao vah yahI saaocanao
lagaa. turnt hI ]sa ko idmaaga maoM ek trkIba Aa gayaI AaOr vah
]z kr Apnao pD,aosaI ko Gar phu^caa.
]sa nao Apnao pD,aosaI sao kha — “daost, maOM tuma sao ek salaah
maa^ganao Aayaa hU^. maoro pasa ek qaOlaa saaonaa qaa jaao maOM nao Apnao pICo
vaalao bagaIcao maoM gaaD, idyaa hO pr Aba maoro pasa ek qaOlaa saaonaa AaOr
jamaa hao gayaa hO. [sa saaonao kao Aba maOM kha^ rKU^?”

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 63 ~

pD,aosaI yah sauna kr bahut KuSa huAa ik Aba ek qaOlaa saaonaa
hD,pnao ka maaOka AaOr imalaogaa. [sa ilayao turnt hI baaolaa — “[sa maoM
saaocanao kI @yaa baat hO, vahIM gaaD, dao jaha^ phlao gaaD,a qaa.”
“Qanyavaad daost, tumharI salaah ko ilayao bahut bahut
Qanyavaad.” kh kr vah gavaOyaa vaha^ sao Apnao Gar calaa Aayaa.
gavaOyao ko jaato hI pD,aosaI ko idmaaga maoM yah baat AayaI ik Agar
yah gavaOyaa maorI baat maana kr Apnaa saaonao ka qaOlaa ]saI jagah gaaD,nao
gayaa tao yah Baod Kula jaayaogaa ik iksaI nao ]sa ka phlaa qaOlaa caura
ilayaa hO AaOr ifr Saayad yah Apnaa dUsara qaOlaa vaha^ na gaaD,o [sa
ilayao mauJao [sa ka puranaa vaalaa qaOlaa phlao sao hI vahIM gaaD, donaa
caaihyao.
jaba vah Apnaa dUsara saaonao ka qaOlaa BaI vaha^ gaaD, dogaa tba maOM
saara saaonaa ek saaqa inakala laa}^gaa. saao ]sa rat pD,aosaI ifr
bagaIcao maoM gayaa AaOr gavaOyao ka puranaa vaalaa saaonao ka qaOlaa ]saI jagah
pr gaaD, Aayaa.
gavaOyaa haoiSayaar qaa, vah ]sa rat saaoyaa hI nahIM qaa @yaaoM ik ]sa
kI trkIba ko Anausaar pD,aosaI kao vaha^ puranaa vaalaa saaonao ka qaOlaa
gaaD,nao Aanaa caaihyao qaa, AaOr gavaOyao nao doKa ik vah Aayaa AaOr ]sa
ka puranaa vaalaa qaOlaa gaaD, kr calaa gayaa.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 64 ~

kuC dor baad gavaOyaa Apnao Gar sao inaklaa AaOr ]sa nao Apnaa
vah puranaa vaalaa saaonao ka qaOlaa inakala kr p%qaraoM sao Bara ek nayaa
baD,a qaOlaa vaha^ gaaD, idyaa.
]Qar pD,aosaI kI Aa^KaoM maoM BaI naIMd kha^? vah BaI caaOknnaa hao
kr Gaat lagaayao baOza qaa. ]sa nao doKa ik gavaOyao nao ek CaoTa qaOlaa
jamaIna maoM sao inakalaa AaOr ]sa kI jagah ek baD,a saa qaOlaa vaha^
gaaD, idyaa.
vah yah saaoca kr bahut KuSa huAa ik Aba ]sao phlao sao jyaada
saaonaa imala jaayaogaa. baD,I kiznaa[- sao ]sa nao vah rat AaOr Agalaa
idna kaTa.
AgalaI rat vah Avasar pato hI gavaOyao ko bagaIcao kI trf gayaa
AaOr vah baD,a saa p%qaraoM ka qaOlaa lao kr jaldI jaldI Gar vaapsa Aa
gayaa.
qaOlao ko baaoJa sao vah bahut KuSa qaa pr Gar Aa kr jaba ]sa nao
vah qaOlaa Kaolaa tao Apnaa isar pIT kr rh gayaa @yaaoM ik ]sa qaOlao
maoM tao saaonao kI bajaaya p%qaraoM ko TukD,o qao. gavaOyao nao ]sao QaaoKa
idyaa.
[sa trh gavaOyao nao samaJadarI sao Apnao caaor pD,aosaI sao Apnaa
caurayaa huAa saaonaa vaapsa ilayaa.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 65 ~

18 saunahra GaaoD,a34
[iqayaaoipyaa ko pUvaI- ihssao maoM ek carvaaha rhta qaa. ]sa ko pasa
qaaoD,I saI jamaIna qaI, kuC BaoD,oM, kuC bakiryaa^, kuC gaayaoM, kuC baOla
AaOr ek GaaoD,a AaOr ek GaaoD,I qaI.
hr saala vasant maoM vah GaaoD,I ek baccao kao janma dotI AaOr vah
kuC mahInao tk ]sa kao rK kr baD,a kr ko baoca idyaa krta qaa.
]sa pOsao sao vah Apnao pirvaar ko ilayao nayao kpD,o banavaayaa krta
qaa.
ifr ek baar vasant Aayaa AaOr ifr ek baar ]sa GaaoD,I nao
ek baccao kao janma idyaa. pr [sa baar ka baccaa phlao saBaI baccaaoM
sao Alaga qaa. [sa baccao ko baala saunahro qao. AaOr jaOsao jaOsao vah
baccaa baD,a haota gayaa vah baccaa AaOr BaI jyaada saundr haota gayaa.
kuC mahInao baad ek vyaaparI hr saala kI trh ]sa baccao kao
KrIdnao ko ilayao Aayaa. carvaaho nao phlao tao baccao kI trf doKa
AaOr ifr vyaaparI kI trf, AaOr baaolaa — “yah bahut saundr baccaa
hO. maOM ABaI [sao Aap kao nahIM baocaU^gaa. maOM [sa kao qaaoD,o idna AaOr
Apnao pasa rKnaa caahta hU^.”

34

A Golden Horse - a folktale of Jablawi tribe of Ethiopia, Eastern Africa

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 66 ~

vyaaparI calaa gayaa AaOr GaaoD,o ka baccaa vahIM Kata Kolata baD,a
haota rha. jaOsao jaOsao vah baD,a haota gayaa ]sa ka Kanaa BaI baZ,ta
gayaa.
halaa^ik carvaaha ]sa kao baocanaa nahIM caahta qaa prntu vah ]sa
kao Apnao pasa rK BaI nahIM sakta qaa @yaaoM ik vah bahut garIba qaa
AaOr ]sa ko Kanao ko Kcao- ka baaoJa nahIM ]za sakta qaa.
]sa nao saaocaa ik baairSa Ktma hao jaanao ko baad jaba jamaIMdar
vaha^ Aayaogaa tao vah ]sa baccao kao ]sa jamaIMdar kao do dogaa.
kuC hFto baad baairSa ka maaOsama Ktma hao gayaa AaOr jamaIMdar
gaa^va maoM Aayaa. saBaI ]sa sao imalanao gayao. ek baD,I davat dI gayaI
]sa ko Aanao kI KuSaI maoM. ]sa davat maoM gavaOyaaoM kao BaI baulaayaa gayaa
qaa. davat Ktma haonao ko baad saBaI Apnao Apnao Gar calao gayao.
Agalao idna vah carvaaha ]sa jamaIMdar ko Gar gayaa AaOr baaolaa
— “sarkar, Aap ko ilayao maoro pasa ek BaoMT hO.”
jamaIMdar baaolaa — “AcCa, kha^ hO vah BaoMT?” jamaIMdar nao
caaraoM trf ApnaI inagaah daOD,ayaI pr ]sa kao kao[- BaoMT nahIM
idKayaI dI.
[tnao maoM carvaaho ka baoTa baahr
sao vah saunahra GaaoD,a lao Aayaa.
GaaoD,a sacamauca hI bahut saundr qaa.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 67 ~

jamaIMdar ]sa GaaoD,o kao doK kr bahut KuSa huAa. ]sa nao saBaI laaogaaoM
kao vah GaaoD,a idKlaayaa.
saBaI nao ]sa GaaoD,o kI bahut tarIf kI @yaaoM ik ]na laaogaaoM nao
eosaa GaaoD,a phlao kBaI nahIM doKa qaa.
jaba saba laaoga ]sa ka GaaoD,a doK rho qao tao carvaaha Apnao baoTo
kao lao kr duKI mana sao Gar calaa Aayaa. ]Qar jaba ]sa GaaoD,o kI
kafI tarIf hao rhI qaI tao jamaIMdar nao pUCa — “vah AadmaI kha^
hO jaao [sa GaaoD,o kao laayaa qaa? maOM ]sao [tnaa saundr GaaoD,a donao ko ilayao
kuC [naama donaa caahta hU^.”
yah sauna kr jamaIMdar ko naaOkraoM nao Andr baahr caaraoM trf
doKa prntu carvaaho AaOr ]sa ko baoTo ka khIM pta na qaa. vao dUr
dUr tk ]sa kao ZU^Znao ko ilayao gayao pr vah carvaaha AaOr ]sa ka
baoTa ]na kao khIM idKayaI nahIM idyaa.
jamaIMdar ek imanaT tk tao caup rha ifr baaolaa — “doKao, vah
garIba AadmaI mauJao [tnaI kImatI BaoMT do gayaa AaOr badlao maoM kuC BaI
nahIM lao gayaa, [sao khto hOM ]darta.”

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 68 ~

19 AalasaI baoTo35
k[- saala puranaI baat hO ik [iqayaaoipyaa ko ek gaa^va maoM ek iksaana
Apnao Ch baoTaoM ko saaqa rhta qaa. vah iksaana bahut duKI qaa @yaaoM
ik ]sa ko ChaoM baoTo bahut hI kamacaaor AaOr inakmmao qao. iksaana tao
raoja Apnao kama pr jaata qaa pr ]sa ko saba baoTo Gar pr hI rhto
qao.
vao saubah dor tk saaoto rhto, yaa kBaI iksaI ko Gar calao jaato,
yaa saaro idna Kolato rhto AaOr [saI trh Apnaa samaya barbaad krto
rhto. vao pOsaa tao Kca- krnaa caahto qao pr kmaanaa nahIM caahto qao.
yah saba doK doK kr iksaana bahut duKI Aaor icaintt rhta qaa.
QaIro QaIro vah AadmaI baUZ,a hao calaa pr ]sa ko baoTo na sauQaro.
ek baar vah baImaar pD, gayaa. vah ibastr pr pD,a pD,a Apnao
KotaoM ko baaro maoM saaocata rha. baairSa ka maaOsama Sau$ haonaoo vaalaa
qaa. KotaoM kao gaaoD,naa qaa, ifr ]sa maoM baIja baaonaa qaa.
pr iksaana tao baImaar qaa, vah yah saba kuC kr nahIM sakta qaa
AaOr ]sa ko baoTaoM ko yah saba krnao ka tao savaala hI pOda nahIM haota
qaa. [sa ilayao vah idna rat icanta maoM Gaulata rha.

35

Lazy Sons - a folktale of Jablawi tribe of Ethiopia, Eastern Africa

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 69 ~

Da@TraoM nao javaaba do idyaa tao ek saubah ]sa nao Apnao baoTaoM kao
baulaayaa AaOr kha — “maoro baoTaoM, maOM ek baUZ,a AadmaI hU^. k[- hFtaoM
sao baImaar pD,a hU^. Da@Tr khto hOM ik maoro bacanao kI Aba kao[]mmaId nahIM hO. maOM nao ApnaI saarI sampi<a Apnao KotaoM maoM gaaD, dI
hO. maoro marnao ko baad inakala kr tuma saba ]sao Aapsa maoM baa^T
laonaa.”
saba sao baD,o baoTo nao turnt pUCa — “kha^ ipta jaIÆ”
pr iksaana ]sa ko [sa savaala ka javaaba na do saka AaOr mar
gayaa.
saaro baoTo Apnao ipta kI sampi<a caahto qao saao ipta ka Aintma
saMskar krnao ko baad vao saBaI KotaoM maoM phu^ca gayao. Aba ]nhoM iksaI
Kasa jagah ka tao pta qaa nahIM ik [na ko ipta nao ApnaI sampi<a
kha^ gaaD,I hO saao vao saBaI favaD,o lao kr Kot kao Kaodnao maoM jauT
gayao.
rat idna maohnat kr ko ]nhaoM nao Apnao saaro Kot KUba gahro
gahro Kaod Dalao pr jaba ]nhoM khIM kuC nahIM imalaa tao vao bahut
inaraSa hue AaOr Apnao ipta pr Apnaa gaussaa inakalanao lagao.
[tnao maoM saba sao baD,o baoTo nao doKa ik saaro Kot Kud cauko hOM AaOr
saaonaa imalaa nahIM hO tao @yaaoM na Gar maoM rKI tOf,36 hI [na maoM baao dI
jaayao.
36

Teff is a grain of Ethiopia. Its flour is used to make Injera – their national food.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 70 ~

saao Anamanao mana sao vao laaoga Gar
gayao AaOr tOf, ko baIja laa kr KotaoM
maoM ibaKor idyao. pr @yaaoM ik saBaI
AalasaI AaOr inakmmao qao [sa ilayao vao
mahInaaoM tk Apnao KotaoM kI trf
gayao hI nahIM.
prntu Kot [tnaI AcCI trh
Kud cauko qao ik ]na maoM Aba kuC doKnao Baalanao kI ja$rt hI nahIM
qaI. kuC mahInaaoM baad fsala tOyaar hao gayaI tao pD,aoisayaaoM nao ]na kao
Kbar dI ik ]na ko KotaoM maoM tao bahut hI baiZ,yaa fsala tOyaar KD,I
hO. vao jaa kr ]sao kaT laayaoM.
ChaoM Baa[- jaba fsala kaTnao
phu^cao tao sacamauca hI ]na ko Kot
kI fsala Aasa pasa ko KotaoM
kI fsala sao khIM jyaada AcCI
qaI.
KuSaI KuSaI vao ]sa kao kaT kr baajaar maoM baocanao ko ilayao gayao
tao ]na kao Apnao Anaaja ko AaOr iksaanaaoM sao BaI saba sao jyaada dama
imalao.
@yaaoM ik KotaoM maoM KudayaI bahut AcCI hu[- qaI [sa ilayao fsala
BaI bahut AcCI hu[- AaOr ]sa ko pOsao BaI KUba AcCo Aayao. Aba

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

~ 71 ~

]na kI samaJa maoM Aayaa ik ]na ko ipta ko khnao ka @yaa matlaba
qaa. Aba vao maohnatI hao gayao qao AaOr ApnaI maohnat ko bala pr vao
KUba flao fUlao.

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1

[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^–1
1 haoiSayaar baoTa
2 caaor AaOr kursaI
3 laalacaI ku<aa
4 magar AaOr bandr
5 baovakUf naaOkr
6 AaOrtoM AaOr bartna
7 catur ipta
8 maohmaana
9 baovakUf maamaao
10 ek AaOrt AaOr Saor
11 naaO Baa[12 gaQao kI pU^Ca
13 Saor ka baccaa
14 caalaak p%naI
15 dao yaa~I
16 baovakUf gaQaa
17 catur gavaOyaa
18 saunahra GaaoD,a
19 AalasaI baoTo

~ 72 ~

doSa ivadoSa kI laaok kqaaAaoM kI saIrIja, maoM
AfrIka kI laaok kqaae^ – 2 Baaga
[iqayaaoipyaa kI laaok kqaae^ – 2 Baaga
naa[jaIiryaa kI laaok kqaae^ – 2 Baaga
]<arI Amaoirka kI laaok kqaae^
kOnaoDa kI laaok kqaae^ – 2 Baaga
TopI kI laaok kqaae^
eiSayaa kI laaok kqaae^
yaUraop kI laaok kqaae^
iba`Tona kI laaok kqaae^
AayarlaOMD kI laaok kqaae^ – 2 Baaga
naaOriDk doSaaoM kI laaok kqaae^ – 3 Baaga
dixaNa Amaoirka kI laaok kqaae^
-----------------------------------------------------jaanavar AadmaI kI laaok kqaae^
kaoyaaoTo kI laaok kqaae^ – 2 Baaga
baa^saurI kI laaok kqaae^
maoMZkaoM kI laaok kqaae^ – 2 Baaga
flaaoM kI laaok kqaaeoM – 3 Baaga
[-kTaomaI kI laaok kqaae^
bandraoM kI laaok kqaae^
rOvana kI laaok kqaae^ – 3 Baaga
tIna kI laaok kqaae^ – 2 Baaga
saibjayaaoM kI laaok kqaae^

laoiKka ko baaro maoM
sauYamaa gauPta ka janma ]<ar p`doSa ko AlaIgaZ, Sahr maoM 1943 maoM huAa qaa. [nhaoM nao Aagara
ivaSvaivaValaya sao samaaja Saas~ AaOr Aqa- Saas~ maoM ema e ikyaa AaOr ifr maorz ivaSvaivaValaya sao baI
eD ikyaa. 1976 maoM yao naa[jaIiryaa calaI gayaIM. vaha^ [nhaoM nao yaUinavaisa-TI AaOf, [baadana sao laa[bao`rI
saa[nsa maoM ema ela esa ikyaa AaOr ek iqayaaolaaojaIkla kaOilaja maoM 10 vaYaao-M tk laa[ba`oiryana ka kayaikyaa.
vaha^ sao ifr yao [iqayaaoipyaa calaI gayaIM AaOr vaha^ eiDsa Abaabaa yaUinavaisa-TI maoM [nsTIT\yaUT
AaOf, [iqayaaoipyana sTDIja, kI laa[ba`orI maoM 3 saala kaya- ikyaa. t%pScaat [na kao dixaNaI AfrIka ko ek doSa,
ilasaaozao ko ivaSva ivaValaya maoM [nsTIT\yaUT AaOf, sadna- AfrIkna sTDIja, maoM 1 saala kaya- krnao ka Avasar imalaa. vaha^
sao 1993 maoM yao yaU esa e Aa gayaIM jaha^ [nhaoM nao ifr sao maasTr AaOf, laa[ba`orI eoMD [nafaOmao-Sana saa[nsa ikyaa. ifr 4
saala AaoTaomaaoiTva [nDsT/I e@Sana ga`up ko pustkalaya maoM kaya- ikyaa.
1998 maoM [nhaoM nao saovaa inavaRi<a lao laI AaOr ApnaI ek vaoba saa[T banaayaI – www.sushmajee.com .
tba sao yao ]saI pr kama kr rhIM hOM.
iBanna iBanna doSaaoM maoM rhnao sao [na kao Apnao kaya-kala maoM vaha^ kI bahut saarI laaok kqaaAaoM kao jaananao ka
Avasar imalaa – kuC pZ,nao sao, kuC laaogaaoM sao saunanao sao AaOr kuC eosao saaQanaaoM sao jaao kovala [nhIM kao imala sakto qao. ]na
saba kao doK kr [na kao eosaa lagaa ik yao laaok kqaae^ tao ihndI jaananao vaalao baccaaoM AaOr irsaca- krnao vaalaaoM kao tao
kBaI ]plabQa nahIM hao payaoMgaI – ihndI kI tao baat hI Alaga hO AMga`ojaI maoM BaI nahIM imala payaoMgaIM.
[sa ilayao nyaUnatma ihndI pZ,nao vaalaaoM kao Qyaana maoM rKto hue ]na laaok kqaaAaoM ka saMklana krnaa pa`rmBa
ikyaa. [na maoM AfrIka, eoiSayaa AaOr dixaNaI AmarIka ko doSaaoM kI laaok kqaaAaoM pr AiQak Qyaana idyaa gayaa hO pr
Amaoirka AaOr kOnaoDa kI BaI kuC laaok kqaae^ saimmailat hOM.
ABaI tk 600 sao AiQak laaok kqaae^ saMkilat kI jaa caukI hO. [na kao “doSa ivadoSa kI laaok kqaae^” k`ma
maoM p`kaiSat krnao ka p`yaasa ikyaa jaa rha hO. AaSaa hO ik [sa p`kaSana ko maaQyama sao hma [na laaok kqaaAaoM kao Aap
tk phu^caa sakoMgao.
ivaMDsar, kOnaoDa
idsambar 2013