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8.

Bacon’s Rebellion - Uprising that resulted from many conflicts, among them
mounting land shortage and settlers’ desires for Indian lands. The uprising
occurred in the early 1670’s when ex servants, unable to acquire land, eyed
territory reserved by treaty for Virginia’s Indians. He attacked the Doegs and the
Susquehannocks.

3. John Calvin – A French cleric challenging the Catholic doctrine that
priests were intermediaries between laypeople and God. He insisted
that people could interpret the bible for themselves. He rejected
Catholic rituals and the elaborate church hierarchy. Also asserted that
that the key to salvation was faith in God, rather than the Catholic
combination of faith and good works.


2. Christopher Columbus – Born in 1451vin the Italian city state of
Genoa. Self-educated son of a wool merchant and by the 1490’s
was an experienced sailor and mapmaker. Set out with 3 ships, the
Pinta, the Nina, and the Santa Maria. He and his men landed in the
Bahamas.

7. Pueblo Revolt of 1680 – The most successful Indian uprising in
American history. Pueblo Indians rebelled against Spanish authority and
drove the Spanish for their New Mexico settlements.

1. Printing Press - Invented in Germany in the 1450’s, made
information more accessible, including books about fabled lands
across the seas. The most important books were Ptolemy’s
Geography, a description of the known world written about ancient
times.

6. Quakers – Members of a religious sect that embraced
egalitarianism

And rejected traditional religious hierarchies. They believed that the
Holy
Spirit or the inner light could inspire every soul.


5. John Winthrop – A member of the lesser English gentry who was elected
as governor of Massachusetts Bay colony. He wrote, “A Model of Christian
Charity.


4. Indentured servants – In return for safe passage, these
people were contracted to work from four to seven years in
exchange for shelter, food, and clothing. Usually young and
poor.
9. Tuscarora War – War in the Carolinas from 1711
through 1713 that pitted Tuscarora Indians against
colonists and their Indian allies.
10. Sugar Act – Act passed by British Parliament that sought to raise
revenues by taxing colonial imports, notably the sugar trade. It revised
existing customs regulations and laid new duties on some foreign imports
into the colonies. Advocated in London by influential Caribbean sugar
planters.