9 views

Uploaded by jinto0007

Nyquist criterion for control systems.....

- TMH Embedded
- Control Systems State Variables
- An Embedded Real-Time Finger-Vein Recognition System
- Gsm
- Transmultiplexer Filter Banks
- Rf Link Design in a Gsm Based Mobile Network
- EC409 Control Systems (CareerYuga)
- Types of Resistors
- 10.1.1.42
- Winer Filter
- Lab11 - Data Communication in Matlab
- Lab11 - Data Communication in Matlab
- Lab11 - Data Communication in Matlab
- TV
- PIC 16f877A data sheet
- DIPUM2E Table of Contents
- FPGA Module for 3D Reconstruction of CT
- Radar
- Design and Implementation of Modular PID
- The Subtle Art of Not Giving a F*ck: A Counterintuitive Approach to Living a Good Life

You are on page 1of 2

The Nyquist Stability Criteria is a test for system stability, just like the Routh-Hurwitz test,

or the Root-Locus Methodology. However, the Nyquist Criteria can also give us additional

information about a system. Routh- Hurwitz and Root-Locus can tell us where the poles of

the system are for particular values of gain. By altering the gain of the system, we can

determine if any of the poles move into the RHP, and therefore become unstable. The

Nyquist Criteria, however, can tell us things about the frequency characteristics of the

system. For instance, some systems with constant gain might be stable for low-frequency

inputs, but become unstable for high-frequency inputs.

Also, the Nyquist Criteria can tell us things about the phase of the input

signals, the time-shift of the system, and other important information.

Nyquist Criteria

Let us first introduce the most important equation when dealing with the Nyquist criterion:

Where:

N=Z-P

N is the number of encirclements of the (-1, 0) point.

Z is the number of zeros of the characteristic equation.

P is the number of poles of the characteristic equation.

With this equation stated, we can now state the Nyquist Stability Criterion:

A feedback control system is stable, if and only if the contour ГF(s) in the F(s) plane

does not encircle the (-1, 0) point when P is 0.

A feedback control system is stable, if and only if the contour ГF(s) in the F(s) plane encircles

the (-1, 0) point a number of times equal to the number of poles of F(s) enclosed by Γ.

In other words, if P is zero then N must equal zero. Otherwise, N must equal P. Essentially,

we are saying that Z must always equal zero, because Z is the number of zeros of the

characteristic equation (and therefore the number of poles of the closed-loop transfer

function) that are in the right-half of the s plane. Keep in mind that we don't necessarily know

the locations of all the zeros of the characteristic equation. So if we find, using the nyquist

criterion, that the number of poles is not equal to N, then we know that there must be a zero

in the right-half plane, and that therefore the system is unstable.

- TMH EmbeddedUploaded bySRINIVASAN
- Control Systems State VariablesUploaded byjinto0007
- An Embedded Real-Time Finger-Vein Recognition SystemUploaded byArun Gopinath
- GsmUploaded byjinto0007
- Transmultiplexer Filter BanksUploaded byjinto0007
- Rf Link Design in a Gsm Based Mobile NetworkUploaded byjinto0007
- EC409 Control Systems (CareerYuga)Uploaded byjinto0007
- Types of ResistorsUploaded byjinto0007
- 10.1.1.42Uploaded byypzc
- Winer FilterUploaded byjinto0007
- Lab11 - Data Communication in MatlabUploaded byJavier Ruiz Thorrens
- Lab11 - Data Communication in MatlabUploaded byJavier Ruiz Thorrens
- Lab11 - Data Communication in MatlabUploaded byJavier Ruiz Thorrens
- TVUploaded bygraciousparul
- PIC 16f877A data sheetUploaded byanon-264014
- DIPUM2E Table of ContentsUploaded byPraveen Bandaru
- FPGA Module for 3D Reconstruction of CTUploaded byjinto0007
- RadarUploaded byjinto0007
- Design and Implementation of Modular PIDUploaded byjinto0007