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Possessive adjectives are the words used in place of articles to indicate to whom or to what something
belongs. French possessive adjectives are used similarly to English possessive adjectives, but there are
some differences in form.
1) French has many more possessives than English, because there are different forms not only for
grammatical person and number, but sometimes also the gender and the first letter of the thing
possessed. All of the different forms are summarized in the table at the bottom of the page and are
explained in detail in the other pages of this lesson.
2) hen describing two or more nouns in French, a possessive adjective must be used in front of each
son frère et sa sœur
his brother and sister
ma tante et mon oncle
my aunt and uncle
3) "he possessive adjective is almost never used with body parts in French. #ou can$t say %my hand% or
%my hair.% &nstead, the French use pronominal verbs to show possession with body parts!
Je me suis cassé la jambe
& bro'e my leg (literally, & bro'e the leg of myself).
Il se lave les cheveux
*e$s washing his hair (literally, *e$s washing the hair of himself).
+ingular Plural
English ,asculine Feminine
,y ,on ,a ,es
#our (tu form) "on "a "es
*is,her,its +on +a +es
-ur .otre .otre .os
#our (vous form) /otre /otre /os
"heir 0eur 0eur 0eurs
(& 1usti Ayu Aimee idhiyanti)
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