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Slide 1

Storage Devices
Storage Devices


Slide 2
Storage Devices
Optical Storage Devices- CD
 CD-ROM - CD Read Only Memory. When you buy the disk, it already has the data or program
stored on it. You can read it, but can't save to it. For example would be a music CD.
 CD-WORM - CD Write Once Read Many. This means that you are able to save to this disk one
time, so you can store your data or an application on it. However, once you have saved onto the disk
once, you can access the data many times but can't save onto it again.
 CD-RW - CD Read Write. This means that you can save data to your disk over and over again, just
like you can with a floppy disk.
 Compact disks are known as optical storage devices. Data is burned onto the surface of the disk
using a laser beam in the CD drive. A laser beam is also used to read the data stored on the disk.
 A typical CD can store around 650 Mb of data - equivalent to 450 floppy disks.
 Advantages
 Small and portable
 Very cheap to produce
 Fairly fast to access the data - quicker than a floppy disk or magnetic tape
 Disadvantages
 Fairly fragile, easy to snap or scratch
 Smaller storage capacity than a hard drive or DVD
 Slower to access than the hard disk.


Slide 3
Storage Devices
Optical Storage Devices-DVD
 DVDs are amongst the most common methods of copying and backing up data at home.
 A DVD is similar to a CD in that it is an optical device and that a laser is used to store the data and
read the data.
 A single sided DVD can store about 4.7Gb of data. DVDs which store data on both sides can hold
over 9Gb of data.
 Advantages
 Very large storage capacity
 Sound and picture quality is excellent, making them ideal for storing films with video and sound.
 DVDs are now mass produced so they are relatively cheap
 DVD players can read CDs
 Disadvantages
 DVDs do not work in CD drives
 There is no single standard of DVD
 They can be easily damaged by breaking or scratching


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Storage Devices
CD Rom & DVD Rom
 Application which require the prevention of deletion of data accidental .CDs use by software
company for distributing software programs and data, by Music companies for distributing music
albums and by book publishers for distributing reference books.DVD used by film distributor.
 Advantage
 Can store data permanently
 Not expensive
 Disadvantage
 Cannot edit or delete data


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Storage Devices
CD R & DVD R
 Applications which require a single ‘burning’ of data, e.g. CDs– recording of music downloads
from the Internet, recording of music from MP3 format, recording of data for archiving or
backup purposes. DVDs – recording of film movies and television programs
 Advantage :
 Light and thin
 Not expensive
 Fast responding
 Disadvantage :
 Single Burning
 Can be written once


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Storage Devices
CD RW & DVD RW
 Applications which require the updating of information and ability to record over old data.
These are rewritable optical discs. Not suitable for music recording but is very useful for
keeping generations of files. DVDs have between five to ten times the capacity of CDs.
 DVD-RWdiscs are commonly used to store data in a non-volatile format, such as when
creating backups or collections of files. They are also used for home DVD video recorders.
One benefit to using a rewritable disc is if there are writing errors when recording data,
the disc is not ruined and can still store data by erasing the faulty data.
 CD-RW discs need to be blanked before reuse. Different blanking methods can be used,
including "full" blanking in which the entire surface of the disc is cleared, and "fast"
blanking in which only meta-data areas are cleared.
 Advantage :
 Hold 650 mb of data 74 mins of audio
 Less expensive than Blu-ray and HD-DVD
 Disadvantage :
 Slower to write
 CD-RWdiscs require more sensitive laser optics


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Storage Devices
DVD RAM
 Housed in a cartridge. Used in video recorders, camcorders and computer memory.
 DVD-RAM technology provides excellent data integrity, data retention and damage
protection through a number of mechanisms and properties. Therefore, DVD-RAM is
perceived by people (who need to store their data on DVDs for long periods of time) to be
better than the other DVD technologies for traditional computer usage tasks such as
general data storage, and especially data backup and archival.
 DVD-RAM has a larger presence in camcorders and set-top boxes than in computers,
although the popularity of DVD-RAM in these devices can be explained by its being very
easily written to and erased, which for example allows extensive in-camera editing.
 Advantage :
 Superior quality of the disc
 Less problem about formatting and finalizing
 Disadvantage :
 Less compatibility than DVD-RW and DVD+RW

Slide 13
Storage Devices
Solid State Devices – Flash memory
card &Memory stick
 Flash memory storage devices are typically small, lightweight, removable and rewritable.
They consist of a small printed circuit board which is encased in plastic or metal casing.
They usually have a removable cap which covers and protects the part of the stick which is
inserted into a USB port.
 Memory stick are available from 1GB up to 8GB
 Advantages
 They are more compact than floppy disks or CDs/DVDs.
 They hold more data than a floppy disk, nowadays often more than a CD.
 They are being developed with fashionable looking outer casings and are almost becoming a
'fashion accessory.
 Disadvantages
 The cost per megabyte of storage is more expensive than floppy disks, CDs or DVDs.
 They can be easily lost .
 The metal part which is inserted into the USB port can be snapped off if they are handled
roughly.


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Storage Devices
HD DVD
 HD DVD, also known as High-Definition DVD, is an optical disc that is able to store large
amounts of data, such as high-definition videos. It was considered to be the successor of
the DVD. It used to compete against the Blu-ray Disc, a similar version of a optical disc
that is designed to hold large amounts of media, but all of the companies that backed it
decided to only use Blu-Ray discs, so the HD DVD format is now considered dead.
 Advantage :
 Cheaper price comparing to Blu-ray
 Fully compatible with all features
 More user/consumer friendly
 Disadvantage :
 Less support for 7.1 surround, no uncompressed soundtracks
 Less studio support


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Storage Devices
Blu-ray
 Blu-ray is a high-density optical disc format similar to DVD. Blu-ray is the type of disc used
for Playstation 3 games and for playing high-definition movies, formerly competing against
the now obsolete HD DVD format. One dual-layer Blu-ray disc can store up to 50GB
(gigabytes) of data. That is five times more than a DVD, and 70 times more than a CD or
VCD.
 The name Blu-ray Disc refers to the blue laser used to read the disc, which allows
information to be stored at a greater density than is possible with the longer-wavelength
red laser used for DVDs.
 Advantage :
 Greater storage space allows for greater amounts of information on one disc this results in
the ability to carry 7.1 surround
 Support from more movie studios
 Uncompressed sound
 Disadvantage :
 More expensive than HD DVD


Slide 10
Storage Devices
Magnetic Storage Devices-Floppy
Disk
 Floppy disks are one of the oldest types of portable storage devices still in use.
 A floppy disk can store up to 1.44 Mb of data which is equivalent to around 300 pages of A4 text.
They used to be the ideal storage device for transferring small files from home to work/school or
from one office computer to another. But nowadays, many files contain graphics that are larger
than the size of the floppy disk.
 Floppy disks are a magnetic storage device.
 All disks must be formatted before data can be written to the disk. Formatting divides the disk up
into sections or sectors onto which data files are stored.
 Advantages
 Portable - small and lightweight ,inexpensive
 Useful for transferring small files between home and school
 Security tab to stop data from being written over
 Can be used many times
 Disadvantages
 Not very strong - easy to damage
 Data can be erased if the disk comes into contact with a magnetic field
 Quite slow to access and retrieve data when compared to a hard disk
 Can transport viruses from one machine to another
 Small storage capacity


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Storage Devices
Magnetic Storage Devices-Zip Disk
 Zip disks look similar to a floppy disk but are a little bit thicker.
 Computers generally didn't come with a zip drive installed, so you couldn't just use one in
the same way as a floppy disk. You needed a separate plug in drive, which was an extra
expense.
 They can store around 100Mb of data - 70 times more than a floppy disk.
 Advantages
 Stores more data than a floppy disk
 Compresses data, reducing the file size, so more data can be stored
 Portable
 Disadvantages
 Almost obselete now
 Need a separate zip drive to read the disk
 More expensive than floppy disks


Slide 12
Storage Devices
Magnetic Storage Devices-Magnetic
Tape
 Large organizations who need to back up their systems daily tend to use magnetic tapes to
store their data.
 Magnetic tape uses 'serial access' to find a piece of data. It works as much the same way
as a video tape. To find a specific piece of data, you have to start at the beginning of the
tape and continue fast forwarding until you get to the piece of data. This makes it fairly
slow to find and retrieve data so it would not be much use to store data that are needed to
get hold of quickly.
 Advantages
 relatively cheap per megabyte of storage
 can store large amounts of data - over 100 GB
 can be set up to do the back up overnight or over the weekend
 Disadvantages
 serial access so can be quite slow to access data
 need a special piece of equipment to record and read the data on the tape


Slide 13
Storage Devices
Solid State Devices – Flash memory
card &Memory stick
 Flash memory storage devices are typically small, lightweight, removable and rewritable.
They consist of a small printed circuit board which is encased in plastic or metal casing.
They usually have a removable cap which covers and protects the part of the stick which is
inserted into a USB port.
 Memory stick are available from 1GB up to 8GB
 Advantages
 They are more compact than floppy disks or CDs/DVDs.
 They hold more data than a floppy disk, nowadays often more than a CD.
 They are being developed with fashionable looking outer casings and are almost becoming a
'fashion accessory.
 Disadvantages
 The cost per megabyte of storage is more expensive than floppy disks, CDs or DVDs.
 They can be easily lost .
 The metal part which is inserted into the USB port can be snapped off if they are handled
roughly.