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HW.

5
1. The Propylaia was a monumental entrance to the Athenian akropolis, which also housed one of the earliest known:
a. Restaurants
b. museums
c. libraries
d. theaters

2. The __________ period is named for the influence of Egypt, the Near East, and Asia Minor on Greek art.
a. Orientalizing
b. Hellenistic
c. Proto-Egyptian
d. Suma-Eastern

3. The Classical period is subdivided into three phases: the _____, ____, and ______ Classical period.
a. Early; Middle; Late
b. Pre; Early; Late
c. Early; High; Final
d. Early, High, Late

4. The three orders of Greek architecture are the __________, __________, and __________ order.
a. Doric; Ionic; Corinthian
b. Doric; Ionic, Hellenistic
c. Archaic; Corinthian; Classical
d. Ionic; Hellenistic; Classical

5. _______ refers to presenting standing figures with opposing alternations of tension and relaxation around a central
axis, a convention that dominates Greek Classical art.
a. Balanced right
b. Contrapposto
c. Cantilevering
d. Classical rhythm

6. The word __________ means a part of a city on top of a hill.
a. Metropolis
b. Parthenon
c. Erechtheion
d. akropolis

7. The desire of Greek artists to _________existing artistic trends resulted in dramatic stylistic changes over the course
of a few centuries.
a. reject
b. maintain
c. improve upon
d. critically undermine

8. ___________ Art flourished between 900-700 BCE
a. Archaic
b. Orientalizing
c. Geometric
d. Classical

9. ____________ was an enclosed sacred area that contained an altar.
a. pronaos
b. abacus
c. cella
d. temenos
10. Greeks built ______________ to house and protect their offerings.
a. Tombs
b. peristyles
c. treasuries
d. fountains

11. Although caryatids appear in the place of columns at the Treasury of the Siphnians in Delphi (Fig. 5-7), the structure's
continuous frieze indicates use of the ________order.
a. Doric
b. Ionic
c. Corinthian
d. none of the above

12. Freestanding statues of male figures, which were made in the Archaic period, are called ______________.
a. temple guardians
b. kouroi
c. Apollos
d. cult statues

13. What feature(s) do Greek kouroi and standing figures in Egyptian art have in common?
a. full nudity
b. the Archaic smile
c. a rigid, upright stance
d. all of the above

14. The Greeks preferred _________as a material for figurative sculpture because it allowed for complex action poses.
a. wood
b. bronze
c. marble
d. terra-cotta

15. In both red- and black-figure vase painting techniques, the areas that were painted with slip would be ___after firing.
a. yellow
b. black
c. white
d. red

16. The mathematical ratio of ______ contributed to the harmony and balance of the Parthenon.
a. 5:19
b. 6:12
c. 4:9
d. 8:17

17. Expressionism, or the artist's attempt to evoke a specific emotion from the viewer, is characteristic of which period of
Greek Art?
a. Geometric
b. Archaic
c. Classical
d. Hellenistic

18. The term "Pausian" refers to ______________.
a. mosaic copies of painted originals
b. opulent floral borders in paintings and mosaics
c. hunting scenes
d. a type of textile

19. The Sanctuary at Delphi was the sacred home of the Greek god __________.
a. Apollo
b. Achilles
c. Hermes
d. Mars

20. The term __________ means "antiquated" or "old-fashioned" and is a name for the period prior to the Classical period
in Greek art.
a. orientalizing
b. archaic
c. stylized
d. idealism

21. The Greeks valued human ________over human emotion.
a. knowledge
b. strength
c. reason
d. form

22. The Porch of the Maidens on the Erechtheion is supported by __________.
a. Caryatids
b. piers
c. Corinthian columns
d. barrel vaults

23. The Greek marketplace is also called the __________.
a. stoa
b. agora
c. akropolis
d. Panathenaic way

24. _________is an opaque, water-based medium mixed with glue or egg white, which was used on white-ground
lekythoi like Woman and Maid vase (Fig. 5-51).
a. Mosaic
b. Slip
c. Tempera
d. Gilding

25. The teacher of Alexander the Great was the philosopher __________.
a. Aristotle
b. Pythagoras
c. Kallikrates
d. Socrates