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Group Behaviour

Group Behaviour

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Published by girirajpatel
ppt on ob of group beheviour. types of group, etc......
ppt on ob of group beheviour. types of group, etc......

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: girirajpatel on Dec 17, 2009
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Gr oup Behaviour

Prepared by : Giriraj Vikas Mrugendra Swapnil

Defination :

Group(s) :-

Two or more individuals interdependent & interacting with each other consciously, for achieving certain common objectives.

Group cohesiveness and productivity

Classification of group

Formal Group :

A designated work group defined by the organization’s structure

Permanent and temporary Command Groups Functional groups

Informal Group :

A group that is neither formally structured nor organizationally determined; appears in response to the need for social contact Friendship group Cliques

If you are feeling……………
       

Apprehensive Frustrated Self conscious Uncertainty

uncomfortable impatient

Then, you are ready to learn…….
 

Types of conflict

Intra-group conflict

It refers to disputes among some or small or all of a group’s members which often affect the group’s performance. Family run business is prone to this type of conflict. These conflicts typically become more intense when an owner- founder approaches retirement, actually retires or die.

Inter-group conflict
It is also called Organisat ional conflict refers t o t he conflict bet ween groups, depart m ent s or sect ions in an organisat ion. Conflict bet w een groups is frequent and highly visible.

Characteristics of Group :Interaction  Activities  Norms  Informal leadership  Cohesion  Conformity  Awareness  Group perception  Common objective of goals

Why People Join Groups
     

Security Status Self-esteem Affiliation Power Goal Achievement

The Five-Stage Model of Group Development
Forming Stage The first stage in group development, characterized by much uncertainty  Storming Stage The second stage in group development, characterized by intragroup conflict  Norming Stage The third stage in group development, characterized by close relationships and cohesiveness


Performing Stage

The fourth stage in group development, when the group is fully functional.

Adjourning Stage

The final stage in group development for temporary groups, characterized by concern with wrapping up activities rather than performance

Factors Affecting Group Performance :        

Size Composition Cohesiveness Norms Leadership

Theories Of Group Formation:        

Propinquity Theory. Homan’s Theory. Balance Theory. Exchange Theory.

Group Dynamics:

The word dynamics comes from Greek word meaning ‘force’.

 

Group dynamics refers to the forces operating in groups. Group Dynamics may be defined as the social process by which people interact face to face in small groups.

 

Group Decision Making:

It is process of selection from a set of alternative courses of action which is thought to fulfill the objectives of the decision problem more satisfactorily than other.

The steps of Decision Making Process:1.Diagnosing and defining the problem. 2.Analysing the Problem. 3.Collecting the data. 4.Developing Alternative. 5.Review of Key Factor. 6.Selecting Best Alternative. 7.Putting the decision into Practice. 8.

The Rational Decision Making Process:object ives

problem s

Fact finding

Alt ernat ive

evolut ion

Inform at ion

Test ing

Select ion

Feedback Inform at ion

Im plem ent at ion

Decision Making By Group:

Can accumulate more knowledge and facts. Have a broader perspective and consider more alternative solutions. Individuals who participate in decisions are more satisfied with decision & more likely to support it. It serves as an important communication function & usual political function.

It often works more slowly. Involves considerable compromise which may lead to less than optional decision. Groups are often dominated by one individual. The over reliance on group decision making can inhibit management’s ability to act quickly & decisively when nevessary.

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