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CHAPTER 4

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

Q4-1. The five parts are:


(a) Direct materials section
(b) Direct labor section
(c) Factory overhead
(d) Work in process inventories
(e) Finished goods inventories
Q4-2. The balance sheet is a statement of financial
position; the income statement is a statement
of activity. The income statement is complementary to the balance sheet, accounting in
particular for the change in the proprietary
equity as a result of operations during the year.
In that respect, the income statement is essentially nothing more than a major section of the
retained earnings account. Therefore, the revenue and expense accounts in the income
statement have been termed explanatory
accounts, explaining the ebb and flow of revenues and expenses that lead to the new
income (or loss) and to the new retained earnings balance in the balance sheet.
Q4-3. The ordinary balance sheet and income
statement are intended to provide information as to financial position and results of
operation of a business, in accordance with
several assumptons that are made in preparing the statements. From the standpoint of
the criticisms made, the most important of
these assumptions are that cost less appropriate amortization of cost measures unexpired cost, and that a business may be
assumed to be going to continue operations
indefinitely into the future. Accounting statements are usually prepared on the theory
that a sale or some other definite event is
essential before revenue is recognized.
Basically, the asset side of a balance sheet
contains a presentation of the amounts of
cost incurred, which can be presumed to
benefit future periods. An income statement
presents the amount of revenue recognized
as having been realized during the period
less the portion of all costs incurred that
does not appear to be fairly deferrable to
future periods.

The income statement is primarily a measure of what has been earned, and not a
measure of earning power. For plant assets,
the balance sheet is primarily a measure of
accountability for expenditures, showing
acquisition costs less costs allocated to past
operations. This measure of accountability
may be quite different from true value.
To increase its usefulness as one element
in judging earning power, the income statement is prepared with a distinction between
operating and nonoperating items. For the
same reason, certain items may be eliminated
from the income statement and shown in the
statement of retained earnings. However, the
effect of nonrecurring and nonoperating transactions is not entirely eliminated.
Information revealed by a series of
income statements is more significant in
judging earning power than information
revealed by one income statement. The
income of a business may follow or even
exaggerate the ups and downs of the business cycle and, therefore, the income of any
one year will not represent earning power.
Changes in law or local zoning ordinances
may result in a marked change in the earning
power of a business. Likewise, changes in
public taste, development of new products,
appearance of new competition, acquisition of
subsidiaries, changes in management and
the like, all may change earning power and
yet not be clearly reflected, if reflected at all,
in one income statement.
The accounting use of historical, rather
than current, dollars in measuring depreciation and cost of goods sold may result in distorting any view of earning power obtained
from a single income statement.
In regard to plant assets, it can be said that
their value to a going concern is usually
dependent upon the earning power of the
business. Such a value is not necessarily the
same as liquidation value, cost, cost less
amortization, replacement value, or any other

4-1

4-2

Q4-4.

Q4-5.

Q4-6.

Q4-7.

Q4-8.

Q4-9.

Q4-10.

Chapter 4

kind of value. The phrase true value has no


definite connotation.
Actual describes the way costs are measured, i.e., at actual historical amounts;
absorption describes which elements of cost
are allocated to inventory accounts, i.e., all
elements of manufacturing cost are fully allocated to inventories; process describes how
cost information is accumulated, i.e., costs
are accumulated for each process or department in the factory.
Prime costing systems allocate only the prime
costs, direct material and direct labor, to
inventory accounts. Direct costing systems,
also called variable costing systems, allocate
the variable manufacturing costs, direct material, direct labor, and variable factory overhead to the inventory accounts. Absorption
costing systems allocate to inventories part or
all of fixed factory overhead, in addition to all
variable manufacturing costs.
Actual costing measures product costs at
actual historical amounts, while standard
costing measures product costs by using predetermined amounts of resources to be consumed and predetermined prices of those
resources.
Process costing accumulates costs for each
process or department in the factory and
maintains detailed records and calculations of
the costs of work in process. Job order costing accumulates costs for each job, lot, batch,
or contract and maintains detailed records
and calculations of the costs of work in
process. Backflush costing accumulates costs
by working backwards through the available
information after production is completed (i.e.,
at the end of the accounting period) and
maintains no detailed records of the costs of
work in process.
Actual costing is more common than standard
costing in defense-related industries, while
standard costing is somewhat more common
elsewhere.
Super-full absorption or super absorption
refers to the income tax requirement that
some purchasing and storage costs be allocated to inventory accounts.
Job order costing would be common in repair
shops, building construction, and printing; and

Q4-11.

Q4-12.

Q4-13.

Q4-14.

Q4-15.

Q4-16.

Q4-17.

in service businesses such as medical, legal,


architectural, construction engineering,
accounting, and consulting firms, as mentioned in the text. Other examples include
shipbuilding, bridge building, tool and die
manufacturing, art and antique restoration,
and contract research.
As mentioned in the text, process costing
would be common in the milling, brewing,
chemical, and textile industries; in simple
assembly operations; and in service businesses serving large numbers of customers
simultaneously, such as airlines. Other examples include petroleum refining, basic food
processing, and manufacture of low-cost consumer products such as toys, disposable
pens, razors, and lighters.
Aspects common to job order and process
costing are:
(a) They can be used by service organizations.
(b) They require considerable detail to calculate the cost of work in process.
(c) The work in process account in the general ledger is supported by subsidiary
records.
A blended costing method uses job order costing to accumulate some element(s) of cost and
process costing to accumulate others.
Flexible manufacturing systems consist of an
integrated collection of automated production
processes, automated materials movement,
and computerized system controls to utilize
facilities in efficiently manufacturing a highly
flexible variety of products.
The advantages of a flexible manufacturing
system over the other systems include short
(near zero) setup times, the absence of a
learning curve, lower lead times to shipment,
lower direct labor cost per unit, lower direct
labor cost in total, and lower work in process
inventories.
The initial cost of creating a flexible manufacturing system is much higher than that of
other manufacturing systems.
Manufacturing settings suited for backflush
costing are distinguished by very fast processing speeds, which remove both the
incentive and the opportunity to track the
detailed costs of work in process.

Chapter 4

4-3

EXERCISES
E4-1

Calculation of cost of goods sold (in thousands):


Total manufacturing cost.............................................
Add work in process inventory, beginning ................
Less work in process inventory, ending ....................
Cost of goods manufactured ......................................
Add finished goods inventory, beginning ..................
Cost of goods available for sale .................................
Less finished goods inventory, ending ......................
Cost of goods sold.......................................................

E4-2

Calculation of cost of goods sold (in thousands):

Direct materials used ...................................................


Direct labor....................................................................
Factory overhead..........................................................
Total manufacturing cost.............................................
Add work in process inventory, beginning ................
Less work in process inventory, ending ....................
Cost of goods manufactured ......................................
Add finished goods inventory, beginning ..................
Cost of goods available for sale .................................
Less finished goods inventory, ending ......................
Cost of goods sold.......................................................

$110
80
$190
90
$100
150
$250
120
$130

$ 90
60
80
$230
250
$480
210
$270
340
$610
300
$310

4-4

E4-3
(1)

(2)

Chapter 4

Direct materials:
Direct materials inventory, beginning................
Purchases.............................................................
Direct materials available for use ......................
Less direct materials inventory, ending ............
Direct materials consumed ................................
Direct labor....................................................................
Factory overhead..........................................................
Total manufacturing cost.............................................
Add work in process inventory, beginning ................

$ 37,500
160,000
$197,500
43,500

Less work in process inventory, ending ....................


Cost of goods manufactured ......................................

$154,000
120,000
108,000
$382,000
61,500
$443,500
57,500
$386,000

Cost of goods manufactured (from (1))......................


Add finished goods inventory, beginning ..................
Cost of goods available for sale .................................
Less finished goods inventory, ending ......................
Cost of goods sold.......................................................

$386,000
27,000
$413,000
26.000
$387,000

E4-4
(1)

Factory overhead incurred in May:


Indirect labor ........................................................................................
Heat, light, and power..........................................................................
Factory rent ..........................................................................................
Factory insurance ................................................................................
Supplies used* .....................................................................................
Supervisors salary ..............................................................................
Overtime premium** ............................................................................
Total overhead......................................................................................
*($5,600 + $16,500 $5,180 = $16,920
** (.5 $22 per hr.) 250 hrs. = $2,750

$22,000
11,220
18,500
2,000
16,920
5,000
2,750
$78,390

Chapter 4

4-5

E4-4 (Concluded)
(2)

Cost of goods manufactured:


Stores, April 30.....................................................................................
Purchases .............................................................................................
Less: Stores, May 31............................................................................
Direct materials consumed .................................................................
Direct labor used (4,250 $22)...........................................................
Factory overhead .................................................................................
Total manufacturing cost ....................................................................
Add work in process, beginning inventory .......................................
Less work in process, ending inventory ...........................................
Cost of goods manufactured..............................................................

(3)

$ 10,250
105,000
$115,250
12,700
$102,550
93,500
78,390
$274,440
60,420
$334,860
52,800
$282,060

Ending balance of finished goods:


Finished
goods,
April 30

Cost of
goods
manufactured

Finished
goods,
May 31

Cost of
goods
sold

$45,602

$282,060

$280,000

$ 47,662

Therefore, the finished goods ending balances is $47,662.


E4-5

(a)
(b)

(c)
(d)
(e)

(f)

Materials ...............................................................
Accounts Payable .......................................

40,000

Work in Process...................................................
Factory Overhead Control ..................................
Materials ......................................................

33,000
2,000

Payroll ...................................................................
Accrued Payroll ..........................................

40,000

Accrued Payroll ...................................................


Cash .............................................................

40,000

Work in Process...................................................
Factory Overhead control...................................
Payroll ..........................................................

32,000
8,000

Factory Overhead Control ..................................


Cash .............................................................

4,000

40,000

35,000
40,000
40,000

40,000
4,000

4-6

Chapter 4

E4-5 (Concluded)
(g)
(h)

(i)
(j)
(k)

E4-6

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

(e)
(f)
(g)
(h)

Factory Overhead Control ..................................


Accounts Payable .......................................

18,000

Factory Overhead Control ..................................


Accumulated Depreciation ........................
Prepaid Expenses.......................................
Accrued Property Taxes.............................

4,130

Work in Process...................................................
Factory Overhead Control .........................

36,130

Finished Goods ...................................................


Work in Process..........................................

92,000

Accounts Receivable ..........................................


Sales ............................................................

80,000

Cash ......................................................................
Accounts Receivable .................................

40,000

Cost of Goods Sold.............................................


Finished Goods ..........................................

60,000

Materials ...............................................................
Accounts Payable .......................................

13,500

Work in Process...................................................
Materials ......................................................

17,500

Factory Overhead Control ..................................


Materials ......................................................

1,800

Payroll ...................................................................
Accrued Payroll ..........................................

27,000

Work in Process...................................................
Factory Overhead Control ..................................
Marketing Expenses Control ..............................
Administrative Expenses Control ......................
Payroll ..........................................................

17,000
2,000
5,000
3,000

Factory Overhead Control ..................................


Cash .............................................................

2,508

Factory Overhead Control ..................................


Accounts Payable .......................................

8,500

Work in Process...................................................
Factory Overhead Control .........................

14,808

Finished Goods ...................................................


Work in Process..........................................

60,100

18,000
2,100
780
1,250
36,130
92,000
80,000
40,000
60,000

13,500
17,500
1,800
27,000

27,000
2,508
8,500
14,808
60,100

Chapter 4

4-7

E4-6 (Concluded)
(i)

Accounts Receivable ..........................................


Sales ............................................................

75,000

Cost of Goods Sold* ...........................................


Finished Goods ..........................................
*$15,000 + $60,100 $15,100 = $60,000

60,000

75,000
60,000

E4-7
WALLACE INDUSTRIES
Cost of Goods Manufactured Statement
For May
(in thousands of dollars)
Direct materials:
Direct materials, April 30, 20A ..........................
Purchases...........................................................
Freight in ...........................................................
Direct materials available for use.....................
Less direct materials, May 31, 20A ..................
Direct materials consumed......................
Direct labor .....................................................................
Factory overhead:
Indirect factory labor.........................................
Utilities ($135 80%) .........................................
Property tax........................................................
Insurance ($20 60%) .......................................
Depreciation ($20 + $30) ...................................

$ 28
$510
15

525
$553
23
$ 530
260
$ 90
108
60
12
50

Total factory overhead .............................


Total manufacturing cost ..................................
Add work in process, April 30, 20A.........

320
$1,110
150

Less work in process, May 31, 20A .......

$1,260
210

Cost of goods manufactured............................

$1,050

4-8

Chapter 4

E4-8
CINNABAR COMPANY
Statement of Cost of Goods Sold
For Year Ended December 31
Raw materials:
Purchases..................................................
Less discounts on raw
materials purchased ...............
Less raw materials on hand,
December 31, 20A............................
Cost of raw materials consumed ............
Direct labor.........................................................
Factory overhead:
Factory maintenance................................
Factory supplies used..............................
Power and heatfactory..........................
Insurance expensefactory
building and equipment ..................
Depreciationfactory building
and equipment .................................
Factory superintendence .........................
Indirect factory labor ................................
Total factory overhead ....................
Total manufacturing costs ................................
Add work in process, January 1, 20A ..............

$400,000
4,200

$395,800
24,000
$371,800
180,000
$ 38,400
22,400
19,400
4,800
17,500
100,000
20,000
222,500
$774,300
84,000
$858,300

Less work in process, December 31,


20A .............................................................

30,000

Cost of goods manufactured............................


Add finished goods, January 1, 20A................

$828,300
37,500

Cost of goods available for sale ......................


Less finished goods, December 31,
20A .............................................................

$865,800

Cost of goods sold ............................................

$795,800

70,000

CGA-Canada (adapted). Reprint with permission.

Chapter 4

4-9

PROBLEMS
P4-1
(1)

BEERTON COMPANY
Cost of Goods Sold Statement
For Month Ended July 31
(in thousands)
Direct materials consumed .................................................................
Direct labor ...........................................................................................
Factory overhead .................................................................................

$16
24
20

Total manufacturing cost (a)...............................................................


Add work in process inventory, July 1...............................................

$60
15

Less work in process inventory, July 31 ...........................................

$75
25

Cost of goods manufactured..............................................................


Add finished goods inventory, July 1 (b)...........................................

$50
20

Cost of goods available for sale.........................................................


Less finished goods inventory, July 31 (c)........................................

$70
10

Cost of goods sold ..............................................................................

$60

Calculations:
(a)
Cost of goods manufactured ....................
Add work in process, ending ....................

$50
25

Less work in process, beginning..............

$75
15

Equals total manufacturing cost...............

$60

Cost of goods available for sale ...............


Less cost of goods manufactured............

$70
50

Equals finished goods, beginning ............

$20

Cost of goods available for sale ...............


Less cost of goods sold ............................

$70
60

Equals finished goods, ending ................

$10

(b)

(c)

4-10

Chapter 4

P4-1 (Concluded)
(2)

(a)
(b)

(c)
(d)

(e)
(f)

Materials ...............................................................
Accounts Payable .......................................

25,000

Work in Process...................................................
Factory Overhead Control ..................................
Materials ......................................................

16,000
2,000

Payroll ($24,000 + $5,000) ...................................


Accrued Payroll ...................................................

29,000

Work in Process...................................................
Factory Overhead Control ..................................
Payroll ..........................................................

24,000
5,000

Finished Goods ...................................................


Work in Process..........................................

50,000

Accounts Receivable ..........................................


Sales ($60,000 + (75% of $60,000)) ...........

105,000

Cost of Goods Sold.............................................


Finished Goods ..........................................

60,000

25,000

18,000
29,000

29,000
50,000
105,000
60,000

Chapter 4

4-11

P4-2
(1)

SOUTHTON COMPANY
Cost of Goods Sold Statement
For Month Ended June 30
(in thousands)

Direct materials:
Materials inventory, June 1 ...............................
Purchases...........................................................
Materials available for use ................................
Less: Indirect materials used .........................
Materials inventory, June 30 ................

$15
33
$48
$ 1
19

20

Direct materials consumed...............................


Direct labor (Note (a)) ....................................................
Factory overhead:
Indirect materials ...............................................
Indirect labor (a) ................................................
Depreciation .......................................................
Insurance ...........................................................
General factory overhead .................................

$28
42
$ 1
7
17
2
13

40

Total manufacturing cost (b) .........................................


Add work in process inventory, June 1........................

$110
40

Less work in process inventory, June 30

$150
30

Cost of goods manufactured ........................................


Add finished goods inventory, June 1 (c) ....................

$120
70

Cost of goods available for sale ...................................


Less finished goods inventory, June 30 (d).................

$190
50

Cost of goods sold.........................................................

140

Calculations:
(a)
indirect labor
indirect labor
indirect labor
indirect labor
direct labor =
(b)

+ direct labor
+ (indirect labor 6)
7 = $49
= $7
6 $7 = $42

= $49
= $49

Cost of goods manufactured .............................


Add work in process, ending .............................
Less work in process, beginning.......................
Equals total manufacturing cost........................

$120
30
$150
40
$110

4-12

Chapter 4

P4-2 (Concluded)

(2)

(c)

Cost of goods available for sale ........................


Less cost of goods manufactured.....................
Equals finished goods, beginning .....................

$190
120
$ 70

(d)

Cost of goods available for sale ........................


Less cost of goods sold .....................................
Equals finished goods, ending ..........................

$190
140
$ 50

(a)

Materials ...............................................................
Accounts Payable .......................................

33,000

Work in Process...................................................
Factory Overhead Control ..................................
Materials ......................................................

28,000
1,000

Payroll ...................................................................
Accrued Payroll ..........................................

49,000

Work in Process...................................................
Factory Overhead Control ..................................
Payroll ..........................................................

42,000
7,000

Finished Goods ...................................................


Work in Process..........................................

120,000

Accounts Receivable ..........................................


Sales ($140,000 + (50% of $140,000)) .......

210,000

Cost of Goods Sold.............................................


Finished Goods ..........................................

140,000

(b)

(c)
(d)

(e)
(f)

33,000

29,000

49,000

49,000
120,000
210,000

140,000

Chapter 4

4-13

P4-3
(1)

MERTON COMPANY
Schedule of Cost of Goods Manufactured
For Month Ended March 31
Work in process, March 1 ............................................
Production costs:
Direct materials....................................................
Direct labor...........................................................
Factory overhead.................................................

$ 50,000
$104,000 **
160,000 ***
80,000 ***

Less work in process, March 31 .................................


Cost of goods manufactured ......................................

344,000
$394,000
46,000
$348,000*

* Cost of goods sold ($345,000) + ending finished goods inventory


($105,000) beginning finished goods inventory ($102,000) = $348,000.
** Purchases of materials during March ($110,000) + beginning materials
inventory ($20,000) ending materials inventory ($26,000) = $104,000.
*** Production costs for March ($344,000) direct materials ($104,000) = direct
labor and factory overhead ($240,000).
Let x
1.5x
x
.5x
(2)

(3)

=
=
=
=

direct labor
$240,000
$160,000 direct labor
$80,000 factory overhead

Prime cost:
Direct materials (requirement (1))...............................
Direct labor (requirement (1))......................................

Conversion cost:
Direct labor (requirement (1))......................................
Factory overhead (requirement (1)) ............................

$104,000
160,000
$264,000

$160,000
80,000
$240,000

4-14

Chapter 4

P4-4
Company A:
Sales ..............................................................................
Cost of goods sold:
Finished goods inventory, January 1 ................
Cost of goods manufactured .............................

$ 600,000
3,800,000

Cost of goods available for sale ........................


Finished goods inventory, December 31...........

$4,400,000
1,200,000

$4,000,000

Cost of goods sold..............................................

3,200,000

Gross profit (20% of sales ...........................................

$ 800,000

Company B:
Cost of goods available for sale .................................
Less finished goods ending inventory.......................

$1,490,000
190,000

Cost of goods sold.......................................................

$1,300,000

Company C:
Sales ..............................................................................
Cost of goods sold:
Cost of goods manufactured .............................
Add beginning finished goods inventory .........

$ 340,000
45,000

Cost of goods available for sale ........................


Less ending finished goods inventory..............

$ 385,000
52,000

$ 429,000

Cost of goods sold..............................................


Gross profit ...................................................................

333,000
$ 96,000

P4-5
Finished Goods
Beg.
34,000
(4)
346,000
380,000
End. 30,000

350,000

Materials and Supplies


Beg.
20,000
20,000
65,000
(1)
50,000
85,000
70,000
End. 15,000

Work in Process
Beg.
7,000
M
50,000
L(2)
200,000
FOH
100,000
357,000
End. 11,000

(8)

Accrued Payroll
259,000 Beg.

346,000

13,000
55,000
200,000
268,000
End. 9,000

Chapter 4

4-15

P4-5 (Concluded)
Accounts Receivable
Beg.
54,000
(7)
532,000
500,000
554,000
End. 22,000

(6)

Factory Overhead Control


20,000
(3)
100,000
55,000
10,000
2,000
13,000
100,000
Payroll
55,000
200,000
255,000
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)

55,000
200,000
255,000

Accounts Payable
77,000 Beg.

18,000
65,000
83,000
End. 6,000

Sales
500,000

(5)

Cost of Goods Sold


350,000

Materials issued to production, $50,000


Direct labor, $200,000
Total factory overhead, $100,000
Cost of goods manufactured, $346,000
Cost of goods sold, $350,000
Payment of accounts payable, $77,000
Collection of accounts receivable, $532,000
Payment of payroll, $259,000
CGA-Canada (adapted). Reprint with permission.

4-16

Chapter 4

P4-6
Work in Process ...........................................................
Materials .............................................................
Cost of goods sold ............................................
Add finished goods inventory increase ..........

84,000
84,000
$140,000
17,000

Cost of goods manufactured............................ $157,000


Add work in process inventory increase ........
2,000
Total manufacturing cost ..................................
Less: Factory overhead .................. $35,000
Direct labor.............................
40,000

$159,000

Materials used in manufacturing .....................

$84,000

75,000

Materials ..........................................................................
Accounts Payable ..............................................

91,000
91,000

Materials used in manufacturing


(from above) ..............................................
Add materials inventory increase ....................

$84,000
7,000

Materials purchased ..........................................

$ 91,000

Payroll .............................................................................
Accrued Payroll..................................................

40,000

Work in Process .............................................................


Payroll .................................................................

40,000

Factory Overhead Control .............................................


Various Credits ..................................................

35,000

Work in Process ...........................................................


Factory Overhead Control ................................

35,000

Finished Goods (12,000 + 84,000 + 40,000 +


35,000 14,000) .................................................
Work in Process.................................................
Cost of Goods Sold (28,000 + 157,000 45,000).........
Finished Goods..................................................

40,000
40,000
35,000
35,000
157,000
157,000
140,000
140,000

CGA-Canada (adapted). Reprint with permission.

Chapter 4

4-17

P4-7
(1) and (2)
(a)

Materials ...............................................................
Accounts Payable .......................................

92,000

Factory Overhead Control ..................................


Accounts Payable .......................................

26,530

Payroll ...................................................................
Accrued Payroll ..........................................

86,000

Work in Process...................................................
Factory Overhead Control ..................................
Marketing Expenses Control ..............................
Administrative Expenses Control ......................
Payroll ..........................................................

60,500
12,500
8,000
5,000

Accrued Payroll (86,000 + 2,250).................................


Cash ......................................................................

88,250

(d)

Work in Process...................................................
Factory Overhead Control ..................................
Materials ......................................................

82,500
8,300

Work in Process...................................................
Factory Overhead Control .........................

47,330

Finished Goods ...................................................


Work in Process..........................................

188,000

Accounts Receivable ..........................................


Sales ............................................................

241,150

Cost of Goods Sold.............................................


Finished Goods ..........................................

185,500

Cash ......................................................................
Sales Discounts...................................................
Accounts Receivable .................................

208,662
4,258

Marketing Expenses Control ..............................


Administrative Expenses Control ......................
Accounts Payable .......................................

18,000
12,000

Accounts Payable ................................................


Cash .............................................................

104,000

(b)
(c)

(e)
(f)
(g)

(h)

(i)

(j)

92,000
26,530
86,000

86,000
88,250

90,800
47,330
188,000
241,150
185,500

212,920

30,000
104,000

4-18

Chapter 4

P4-7 (Continued)
Cash
1/1 Bal.
20,000
(c)
(h)
208,662
(j)
228,662
36,412

88,250
104,000
192,250

Accounts Receivable
1/1 Bal.
25,000
(h)
212,920
(g)
241,150
266,150
53,230
Finished Goods
1/1 Bal.
9,500
(g)
(f)
188,000
197,500
12,000
1/1 Bal.
(c)
(d)
(e)

(c)

Work in Process
4,500
(f)
60,500
82,500
47,330
194,830
6,830
Accrued Payroll
88,250
1/1 Bal.
(c)
Sales
(g)

(h)

(c)
(i)

1/1 Bal.

188,000

(j)

(g)
(c)

60,000

Administrative Expenses Control


5,000
12,000
17,000

Machinery
40,000

Accounts Payable
104,000 1/1 Bal.
(a)
(b)
(i)

15,500
92,000
26,530
30,000
164,030
60,030

Retained Earnings
1/1 Bal.

2,250
86,000

241,150

90,800

Accumulated Depreciation
1/1 Bal.
10,000

185,500

Sales Discounts
4,258
Common Stock
1/1 Bal.

Materials
1/1 Bal.
10,000 (d)
(a)
92,000
102,000
11,200

21,250

Cost of Goods Sold


185,500
Payroll
86,000 (c)

(b)
(c)
(d)

Factory Overhead Control


26,530 (e)
12,500
8,300
47,330

(c)
(i)

Marketing Expenses Control


8,000
18,000
26,000

86,000

47,330

Chapter 4

4-19

P4-7 (Concluded)
(3)

STEPHANOWICZ COMPANY
Trial Balance
January 31

Cash ...........................................................................................
Accounts Receivable ................................................................
Finished Goods .........................................................................
Work in Process ........................................................................
Materials.....................................................................................
Machinery ..................................................................................
Accounts Payable......................................................................
Accumulated Depreciation .......................................................
Common Stock..........................................................................
Retained Earnings.....................................................................
Sales ...........................................................................................
Sales Discounts ........................................................................
Cost of Goods Sold .................................................................
Marketing Expenses Control....................................................
Administrative Expenses Control............................................

$36,412
53,230
12,000
6,830
11,200
40,000
$ 60,030
10,000
60,000
21,250
241,150
4,258
185,500
26,000
17,000
$392,430

$392,430