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Zimbabwe needs a
positive story
Hwange moves to
boost production
Ex-wife exposes Chiwenga
Nine UN peacekeepers from Niger
have been killed when their convoy
was ambushed in north-east Mali.
The UN said it was the deadliest at-
tack on its mission in Mali. French
and African troops intervened in Mali
in January 2013 to stop the southern
advance of Islamist militants on the
capital, Bamako. BBC
Celebrations in West Africa for the
Muslim festival of Eid al-Adha have
been badly afected by the Ebola
outbreak. Reports from Guinea say
public places used for prayers are
deserted while religious leaders in
Sierra Leone told Muslims not to
shake hands or embrace. Meanwhile,
a French nurse who got the virus in
Liberia has recovered after having
experimental treatment in Paris. The
outbreak is the worlds deadliest and
has killed more than 3 400 people.
The Standard is published weekly
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2 The Standard October 5 to 11 2014
T has been quite a hectic month or two for
Jocelyn Chiwenga as the estranged wife
of Zimbabwe Defence Forces Commander
General Constantine Chiwenga suffered a
divorce, the humiliation of two evictions
and alleged threats to her life.
From her eviction at Dockson Farm in Go-
romonzi last month, threatening phone calls
from unknown people to fresh dislodgment
from her Borrowdale Brooke mansion on Fri-
day, Jocelyns eyes tell a story of someone who
has missed sleep for a number of days.
Her property is strewn all over her new
house in the same neighbourhood as she tries
to put things together and start a new life.
Among the papers on the lawn outside is
a Valentines Day message from the Gener-
al during their happier days, pictures of then
lovebirds holidaying in Hong Kong and several
other books about the liberation struggle.
Jocelyn sings her I feel good song and
bares soul on life in the arms of the defence
forces chief, her feelings, her wish to write a
book and assist women who suffer abuse.
I feel so good because God has shown me
the way to keep quiet and follow the law. I feel
so good. I dont have confidence in the judge
who sat on our case but I feel good with all the
judges. I am proud of who I am and what I have
achieved in life, she said.
In future I will write a book about my life
under the arm of an abusive General, she told
The Standard.
Jocelyn blames her woes on falling in love
with Chiwenga and ultimately marrying him
in 1998 despite being advised against the move
by her family.
I regret ever marrying him. If I had known
he was an abusive husband like this, I would
not have married him. I dont care now, I am
out of his system, she said.
I married him against my relatives advice,
but love is blind.
Chiwenga reportedly left the matrimonial
home in April of 2010 and from then, he has
not even made a phone call to his now former
wife or adopted child, The Standard was told.
When The Standard visited her new home
yesterday, she was putting things together and
said although the place was smaller, she would
find peace and joy there.
Since 2002, the couple had stayed at the spa-
cious uphill Borrowdale Brooke mansion that
overlooks President Robert Mugabes home.
Jocelyn said it was shocking that soldiers
were sent to evict women at that house, her-
self, three maids and her personal assistant.
Asked whether she felt let down by other
people in government or the party in her di-
vorce case and her current situation, she said:
I dont feel let down because they all tried to
talk to us but the man [Chiwenga] has no re-
spect for anyone. He tells people to mind their
own business, so who can advise such a per-
She added: All this is to spite me after he
committed a crime, bigamy is a crime and I am
suing for US$40 million for that.
Jocelyn said she was not bitter but would
rather pray for Chiwenga.
I am not angry with him. I feel sorry for
the General and only God knows. I will forgive
him and pray for him, he really needs to know
God. He is not the only one that went to war
but he wants to portray himself as a hero of
heroes, she said.
Now I feel I have managed to fight for all the
women in Zimbabwe and will not stop fight-
ing. People should respect the words they say
when they get married. He doesnt know how
to say I am sorry or please.
After her eviction from Dockson Farm by
more than 20 Presidential Guard officers re-
cently and before she could recover from that,
the soldiers and police accompanied the depu-
ty sheriff to her home and forced her out.
On Friday, truckloads of the security offic-
ers were brought to her place and evicted her.
She was given orders not to take what they
thought was their bosss property.
They drank beer and wine and most of
them got drunk and started behaving funny,
she said.
They did exactly what they did to me at the
farm. They came here without a court order
and said they were working under instruction.
There were police and soldiers [that were] not
in uniform, she told our sister paper, NewsDay.
Jocelyn went through a nasty divorce with
the army boss who is now stripping her of
several properties after a protracted court
The two were married in November 1998
before their marriage irretrievably broke
down in 2012 when Chiwenga filed for di-
vorce citing Jocelyns alleged violent behav-
The army boss who could not be reached for
comment is now customarily married to Mary
Mubaiwa, an ex-model. Mubaiwa was former-
ly married to ex-Zimbabwe national team for-
ward Shingi Kawondera.
The divorce case has been going on under
a media blackout after Chiwengas lawyers
from Scanlen and Holderness obtained a High
Court order barring the media from reporting
on the cases proceedings.
Though many seem to sympathise with
her because of the treatment she is getting,
others sympathetic to former Prime Minis-
ter and MDC-T leader Morgan Tsvangirai
feel she is having a taste of her own medi-
Asked yesterday whether she attacked Ts-
vangirai or not, as has been the sentiment
within the MDC-T circles, Jocelyn explained:
Tsvangirai never reported that case because
really there was nothing. I didnt go after Ts-
vangirai but I went to a CNN cameraman who
was focussing on empty shelves and told him
to take videos of shelves where there were gro-
I only told Tsvangirai not to call for sanc-
tions against his country and I am glad we
learnt a lesson because he now sees that. Sanc-
tions have killed business in Zimbabwe but we
as Zimbabweans are fighters, we will get up
and go. We are strong.
Asked whether she felt betrayed by the gov-
ernment or Zanu PF, she said: No, I dont feel
let down. I only feel let down by the judge in
this case because the previous judges would
speak to us, advise us.
He [Chiwenga] thinks he is above the law
because there was never an eviction order and
how can you go and get a divorce grant when
my lawyers are not there? What is he teaching
the young soldiers?
Pondering her next move . . . Jocelyn Chiwenga in the grounds of the house she moved to yesterday
The Standard October 5 to 11 2014 3
Mwonzora refuses
to concede defeat
Health Professions Act
(Chapter 27:19)
Notice is hereby given that an election is about to be held of nine members from
each of the following classes of practitioners:-
i. surgeons
ii. physicians
iii. anaesthetists
iv) paediatricians
v) pathologists
vi) radiologists
vii) obstetricians & gynaecologists
viii) dentists
as specified in paragraph (e) of subsection (1) of Section 31 of the Health
Professions Act (Chapter 27:19) as members of the Medical and Dental
Practitioners Council of Zimbabwe, to serve during the five years beginning on the
4th of February 2015.
Nominations to fill the vacancies are invited. Attention is drawn to the requisites for
validity of nomination papers as set out in Section 4 of the Medical and Dental
Practitioners Council of Zimbabwe (Election of Members of Council) Regulations,
Every nomination paper must reach the Registrar, Medical and Dental
Practitioners Council of Zimbabwe, P O Box CY810, Causeway, Harare or 8
Harvey Brown Avenue, Milton Park, Harare on or before 1600 hours on Tuesday,
4 November 2014 which is the day appointed for receipt of nomination papers.
Forms of nomination papers may be obtained from the Registrar, on application.
Josephine Mwakutuya
Medical & Dental Practitioners Council of Zimbabwe
ivisions have rocked
the MDC-T over the
nomination exercise
with party spokesper-
son Douglas Mwonzo-
ra refusing to concede defeat to
party organising secretary Nel-
son Chamisa for the coveted post
of secretary general despite fail-
ing to garner even a single nomi-
nation from the eight provinces.
Mwonzora on Friday claimed
that he had received a nomi-
nation from the United States
province, a statement that has
torched a massive storm in the
Camps have emerged in the
party over the nomination pro-
cess with two groups fighting and
discrediting each other.
Chamisa has eight nomina-
tions so far from the provinces,
while Mwonzora is yet to get any
nomination for the secretary gen-
erals post.
Mwonzora was however defi-
ant, insisting that he would be on
the ballot paper in their congress
this October to face Chamisa.
I will definitely get a nomina-
tion from the remaining provinc-
es to enable me to be on the bal-
lot paper. A nomination is not an
election, it simply allows one to
be on the ballot at the congress
where our members will choose
their leaders by secret ballot,
Mwonzora said.
The nomination process has
been riddled with allegations of
vote buying and rigging but no
losing candidate has yet formally
launched a complaint.
Mwonzora said he will not con-
test the earlier nomination pro-
cesses which were done in his
absence as he was attending to
a public violence trial at Rusape
Magistrate Courts.
I will not contest the nomi-
nation processes held earlier de-
spite some of the irregularities
since one only needs a single
nomination to be on the ballot,
Mwonzora added.
Harare provincial spokesper-
son Obert Gutu yesterday an-
nounced that he had been nomi-
nated by MDC-T USA.
Let me take this opportuni-
ty to most sincerely thank the
MDC-T USA province for nomi-
nating me for the position of na-
tional information and publicity
secretary. I will do my level best
not to betray the confidence and
trust that you have shown in me.
I am honestly humbled by your
support, he posted on his Face-
book wall.
The party has 12 provinces na-
tionally and the focus is now
on the Matabeleland provinc-
es which are holding their con-
gresses this weekend.
Nelson Chamisa has eight nominations so far
from the provinces, while Douglas Mwonzora is
yet to get any nomination for the secretary
generals post
anyati legislator Bless-
ed Geza Runesu and his
Norton counterpart Chris
Mutsvangwa have written to
President Robert Mugabe com-
plaining about the conduct of
Mashonaland West Provincial
chairperson, Temba Mliswa.
In a letter dated September 29
2014, Runesu said Mliswa was
throwing national laws and
party regulations to the wind.
Among his complaints were
that Mliswa had installed a shad-
ow MP (name supplied) in his
Sanyati constituency.
The putting in place of a
shadow MP in my constituen-
cy is not only scandalous but
confuses the local populace and
all Zanu PF supporters, wrote
Geza said Mliswa sneaked in
and out of his Sanyati constitu-
ency and did not have the cour-
tesy to advise him of such visits.
The provincial chairmans
appetite for power is unbridled
and knows no bounds of politi-
cal civility, he said.
Runesu appealed to Mugabe
to intervene in order to stop
Your Excellency, the respect
I hold for party protocol places
upon me the duty of restraint in
anticipation of your speedy in-
tervention, Geza wrote.
I cannot continue to fold my
hands and watch the great revo-
lutionary party being thrown to
the dogs by empty braggarts in
the sense of hostile interests.
Mutsvangwa on Thursday
confirmed to have also written
to Mugabe complaining about
Mliswas conduct.
My letter is just along the
same lines as Cde Bombshells
[Runesu]. Mliswa attacks me
each time he gets a chance to
speak in public. He has set up
parallel structures in the prov-
ince without the authority of the
headquarters, said Mutsvang-
Both Mliswa and Zanu PF Na-
tional Chairman Simon Khaya
Moyo yesterday said they had
not yet seen copies of the letter.
Mliswa however, last night ac-
cused Runesu of abandoning his
constituency and even failing to
attend Parliamentary sessions,
risking the calling for a by-elec-
He said Runesu has not been
submitting constituency reports
to him as the supervisor of po-
litical activities in Mashonaland
But Mugabes spokesperson
George Charamba could not say
if Mugabe had seen the letter.
If the alleged author meant to
make the letter public, he would
have done it through your paper,
but if he came through private-
ly then I respect that, said Cha-
MPs write to Mugabe over Mliswa
Blessed Geza Runesu Temba Mliswa
LONDON Muslim groups across
Britain united yesterday to join
Prime Minister David Cameron in
condemning the beheading of aid
worker Alan Henning by Islamic
State insurgents, with one leading
cleric calling it a despicable and
offensive act.
Prayers for the 47-year-old taxi
driver from Salford in northern
England were said in mosques
throughout the country at the
start of the Muslim Eid al-Adha
Cameron called Henning a
gentle, compassionate man who
had simply tried to help others.
Britain would do all it could to
destroy his killers, he said.
Speaking after meeting the
heads of Britains armed forces
and intelligence agencies, Cam-
eron said in a broadcast mes-
sage: We will use all the assets
we have defeat this organi-
sation which is utterly ruthless,
senseless and barbaric in the
way it treats people.
Henning had been held captive
in Syria for nine months before
a video was posted on YouTube
on Friday showing him kneel-
ing before a masked knifeman
against a desert setting.
The masked man spoke brief-
ly with the same southern Brit-
ish accent as that of the kill-
er of previous hostages widely
dubbed Jihadi John.
He was the fourth hostage to
have been beheaded by Islamic
State (IS), which has faced air
strikes by US, British, French
and Arab fighter jets since seiz-
ing swathes of Iraq and Syria.
His case had prompted a wave
of appeals for his release from
British Muslim leaders and yes-
terday several expressed their
shock at the murder.
Shuja Shafi, Secretary Gen-
eral of the Muslim Council of
Britain, tweeted: Saddened by
reported murder of Alan Hen-
ning. A despicable and offen-
sive act. He helped Muslims. My
thoughts and prayers with his
A group calling itself Muslims
of the North of England called
Henning a national hero while
Mohammed Shafiq, chief exec-
utive of the Ramadhan Foun-
dation that aims to help young
Muslims, said: This barbaric
killing is an attack against all de-
cent people around the world.
Henning had been part of aid
convoy taking medical supplies
to a hospital in northwest Syr-
ia in December last year when it
was stopped by gunmen and he
was abducted.
Fears for his safety had grown
since the British parliament vot-
ed last month to take part in air
strikes against Islamic State in
In the YouTube video he ap-
pears to read from a script be-
fore being killed. Because of
our parliaments decision to at-
tack the Islamic State, I, as a
member of the British public,
will now pay the price for that
decision, he says.
Britains Muslim leaders have
in the past been criticised for
what some critics have said is
a lack of willingness publicly
to confront what Cameron has
called the poisonous ideology
of Islamic extremists.
But the case of Henning, who
had taken unpaid leave and left
behind his wife and two teenage
children to help Muslims deliv-
er aid to children in Syria, had
prompted a united response.
Last month, a letter signed by
over 100 British Imams and Mus-
lim leaders condemned Islamic
The despicable threats to
Mr Henning at the hands of so-
called Muslims cannot be justi-
fied anywhere in the Quran and
the Sunnah [Prophetic tradi-
tions], it read.
Cameron, British muslims condemn
beheading of aid worker
Grace Mugabe testing
the waters: Analysts
Outcry over Zinwa
bulk water ban
reactions to
Local News
4 The Standard October 5 to 11 2014
USINESS almost came to a halt in
the city centre in Harare yester-
day morning as people stamped-
ed to catch a glimpse of protesters who
took to the streets to demonstrate and
voice their concerns against touts who
harass women in miniskirts, especially
at commuter omnibus ranks.
Dubbed Mini-skirt march, the dem-
onstration attracted about 200 wom-
en dressed mostly in mini-skirts and
shorts to protest against the continued
harassment of women and girls consid-
ered to be dressed indecently.
Scores of bemused onlookers could
be seen taking pictures and videos
of the marchers using their mobile
phones and tablets.
In their typical style, rank marshals,
commuter omnibus drivers and touts
followed the marching ladies. But some
could be seen retreating as many of the
mini skirt marchers were not dressed
to their expectations.
However, others followed to Town
House where the marchers later gath-
But sadly and not surprisingly, touts
shouted obscene words and called the
women prostitutes. They heckled the
women as they boarded commuter om-
nibuses back to their respective homes,
forcing police to intervene.
The march, which was organised by
a Women Rights lobby group, Katswe
Sistahood, started at Town House be-
fore moving to Copacabana and Market
Square bus terminuses.
The marchers were carrying differ-
ent placards with messages criticising
touts for harassing women at various
bus ranks.
Katswe Sistahood director Talent
Jumo said the march was a success as
many women joined hands to denounce
harassment by touts.
We seek to reclaim our constitution-
al right to move freely in an independ-
ent country, she said.
We are happy that many women
joined hands to denounce female har-
assment by these touts. We denounce
the unbearable acts of humiliation
and harassment by these touts and
rank marshals at different bus termi-
nuses in the country as ladies have the
right to dress in any fashion of their
Cecilia Dengu, who was part of the
march, said men should respect the
way women chose to dress.
We cannot say we have enough free-
dom when some parts of the city are no-
go zones for women. That is unaccepta-
ble and must come to an end, Dengu
said. I must not be afraid of dropping
off at Copacabana because mahwindi
[touts] will harass me, but I must be free
to drop off where I want.
The march was however denounced
by some touts.
Reason Majanga, a rank marshal at
Copacabana said they were not going
to tolerate women who walk in public
places semi-naked.
We have schoolchildren who come
here on their way to and from school.
When they see such dressing from their
sisters, what will they learn? We whis-
tle and boo them so that the youngsters
will know that such type of dressing is
not tolerated in public, he said.
Rueben Kasirori, a tout at Market
Square rank, said the police should
not have allowed the march to go
THERE is a public outcry over the recent Zimbabwe
National Water Authority ban on the drawing of bulk
water from boreholes.
The Standard was last week inundated with calls
from Harare residents who described the decision as
They said the decision was being implemented hast-
ily without planning or taking into consideration the
failure by Zinwa itself and local authorities to deliver
water to the populace.
Zinwa in a statement last week said all bulk water
supplies were to register and pay for their operations
at various designated points in areas such as Dema
and Juru which are a bit far from Harare.
They also said drawing of water in bulk from bore-
holes in residential areas had been banned with effect
from October 1.
A resident said: Firstly, Zinwas levy has not even
been gazetted and nobody is sure of its legality as the
decision was implemented in a matter of days without
any foresight or planning on how the logistics and fi-
nancing of this might work.
People need to be given three to six months notice,
and the system needs to be clear and transparent not
the extortionate rates they are charging. Zinwa is also
failing to deliver municipal water and that has nothing
to do with the customer.
Environment, Water and Climate Change Ministry
permanent secretary, Prince Mupazviriho wrote to the
different Zinwa catchment areas on September 23 in-
structing them to take over the management of bore-
holes on behalf of government with immediate effect.
This decision has been necessitated by the need to
protect our finite groundwater resources which are at
risk of being mined by the commercial water opera-
tors, reads the letter.
You are further advised to take all necessary steps to
monitor water levels and water quality and ensure that
groundwater resources are not depleted. This move is a
joint operation with Zinwa.
He instructed that an amount of US$3 be charged per
1 000 litres of water abstracted.
The ministry, sub-catchment councils and Zinwa
are to take one dollar each from the above charge, Mu-
pazviriho wrote.
But many people, especially those with boreholes or
relying on buying bulk water described the move as
blatantly illegal.
IRST lady Grace Mugabes
rallies have sent tongues
wagging in Zanu PF with
analysts saying they were
part of a strategy to clear
the path for her further political
rise as the ruling partys succes-
sion politics heat up.
The Zanu PF politburo recent-
ly banned election campaigns un-
til polling guidelines have been
approved ahead of the December
Grace, who was recently nomi-
nated Zanu PF Womens League
boss, on Friday addressed a ral-
ly at Chinhoyi stadium which she
said officially marked the begin-
ning of her political career.
She was expected to address
more rallies in different provinc-
es. In her speeches, Grace appears
to claim that her entry into politics
was an answer to the Zanu PFs suc-
cession fights which have divided
the party along factional lines.
But some Zanu PF officials
were baffled as to why Grace was
going ahead with her rallies while
others suggested she may be pre-
paring ground for a possible fu-
ture bid for vice-presidency or
even the coveted post of President
currently held by her husband,
90-year-old Robert Mugabe
She is testing the waters. Who
knows, perhaps you will hear
some women at these rallies urg-
ing her to aim for higher offices
even if it means challenging Vice-
President [Joice] Mujuru, said
one Zanu PF official.
Outgoing Zanu PF womens
league boss Oppah Muchin-
guri, who is moving around with
Grace, was yesterday said to be at-
tending a long meeting.
Already, Gokwe Nembudziya
legislator, Justice Mayor Wadyaje-
na and outgoing Zanu PF deputy
secretary for youth, Eddison Cha-
kanyuka have tipped her for the
party presidium.
Asked if Grace was not violat-
ing the Politburo decision, Zanu
PF spokesperson Rugare Gumbo
was not sure if the First lady was
holding campaign rallies.
My understanding is that the
First Ladys rallies are not cam-
paign rallies, Gumbo said. I am
not sure what the programme is
all about, but I think it is about
her Womens League position.
Political analysts yesterday
said although there could be a
hidden game plan behind Graces
rallies, the First Lady was on an
image boosting campaign to as-
certain herself as a politician of
clout who does not necessarily
have to rely on her husband for
political muscle.
Political analyst Takura
Zhangazha said her intention to
hold rallies might be to ascertain
her role as a stand-alone politi-
cian, but not the view being ped-
dled by many that she was trying
to dismantle Mujuru from her po-
sition as VP.
She is now facing people on
her own without Mugabe. As a
person who has just entered poli-
tics, she wants to prove to her sup-
porters that she is able to mobi-
lise crowds to her rallies, and this
will give her proper legitimacy in
Zanu PF structures, he said.
Another political analyst, Brian
Raftopoulos was quoted in the me-
dia saying Graces political ambi-
tions at this late stage of her hus-
bands life were symptomatic
of the state of insecurity inside
Zanu PF.
Zhangazha said although some
people had been whispering that
Grace was plotting to compete
with Mujuru, it did not make sense
because her rallies sought to gar-
ner support from all Zanu PF fac-
tions for her candidature as Zanu
PF Womens League boss and not
necessarily the Presidency.
Alexander Rusero, another politi-
cal analyst, said Graces rallies were
meant to demonstrate her political
prowess and leadership skills.
As the succession dynamics
have heated up, there is fear of
the unknown even that she may
spring surprises to become the
second Vice-President, but it is
politically wrong, he said. I do
not see President Mugabe making
his wife his Vice-President. What
I see is that leading the Womens
League is too big a task for her
and all these crusades are meant
to endorse her entry into poli-
Wellington Gadzikwa anoth-
er political analyst said Graces
game plan during the rallies was
to garner support for her new po-
litical role.
There were other people with-
in Zanu PF who opposed her can-
didature as Womens League boss,
and now she merely wants to
strengthen her political position,
he said.
Grace said she was the Presi-
dents chief advisor and she now
wants people to know she is a very
capable person. When she was of-
fered the position of Womens
League boss, the First Lady said
she was going to think about it.
What she is doing now is to show
people that she has thought about
it and accepted the post and is ca-
pable of performing without her
husband, the President.
Gadzikwa said the fact that Grace
was donating agricultural inputs
during her rallies was to make a
statement that she was ready to de-
liver as a leader, especially if her
game plan was to ultimately land a
post in the Presidium.
Reclaiming their rights . . . women march in Harare yesterday
First Lady Dr Grace Mugabe
Local News
The Standard October 5 to 11 2014 5
Zim needs a positive story: AMH publisher
Weak rand
afects local
goods pricing
dia Holdings (AMH) publish-
er Rita Chinyoka has said the
media should play a bigger
role in marketing Zimbabwe
to enable the country to attract mean-
ingful investment.
AMH publishes two dailies, News-
Day and Southern Eye as well as two
weeklies, The Standard and Zimbabwe
Speaking at the Institute of Char-
tered Accountants of Zimbabwe (Icaz)
2014 Investor Conference at the Legend
Golf and Safari Lodge in Polokwane
South Africa, Chinyoka said what the
media writes about has an impact on
investors perceptions on Zimbabwe.
The media needs to understand that
whatever we report and whatever we
put out there has a knock on how the
investor perceives the country, she
We are doing all of these things but
we are not fully understanding the im-
pact on the countrys future. We must
stop doing the things that are damag-
ing to our country.
Chinyoka said although the country
has been hosting a number of invest-
ment and business conferences, there
was nothing on the ground to show for
Zimbabwe has held more than 12
conferences so far but its time to start
doing, not just talking. Zimbabwe is
beginning to be in danger of becom-
ing a talk show. We are talking, but we
are not walking the talk, we have got to
start doing, she said.
What we are not doing is creating
an attractive business environment be-
fore we even start talking of bringing
the investors. What do we need to do to
create a good business environment as
a country that should start? Is it gov-
ernment or is it the private sector?
Chinyoka said on its part, AMH has
been hosting a number of events, bring-
ing investors into the country with the
aim to sell the Zimbabwean story.
Chinyoka said AMH this year
brought a prominent investor to Zim-
babwe, Ashish Thakkar, Africas
youngest billionaire who has to date
made a significant investment in Banc
She added that there was need to
develop a structure which would pro-
vide focus and direction and a co-or-
dinated public relations campaign
with a simple compelling message on
why investors should come to Zimba-
THE weakening of the South African rand
against the United States dollar is making locally
produced goods less competitive in the market, an
economist has said.
The rands value has been steadily falling since last
year, fluctuating between R10 and R12 to the US$1.
Speaking in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe National
Chamber of Commerce (ZNCC) economist, Kip-
son Gundani said the weakening of the SA rand
against the US dollar was contributing to locally
produced goods becoming expensive, forcing local
consumers to shun them.
If we look at our trade pattern, our biggest
trade partner is South Africa. Seventy-five percent
of our products go to South Africa and if we look
at the distortion in the exchange rate between the
US dollar and the rand, there is a scenario where
the rand is weakening up against the US dollar and
that puts Zimbabwe at a disadvantage, he said.
The depreciation of the rand against the US dol-
lar makes the South African products more com-
Zimbabwes import bill for the six months to
June stood at US$2,9 billion as the countrys lack
of competitiveness makes it a dumping ground for
foreign products.
Currently, a number of public institutions, busi-
nesses and individuals are beginning to abandon
the use of the South African rand, as the value of
the neighbouring currency continues to weaken.
Meanwhile, there is confusion over the use of
Botswana coins with businesses and transport op-
erators in Bulawayo now refusing transactions us-
ing the neighbouring countrys old coins.
Botswana announced the introduction of a new
family of coins in February this year, replacing
those that have been in circulation.
Botswanas central bank reported the use of
the old coins would cease with effect from August
28 2019 and advised members of the public to ex-
change the old coins at the nearest commercial
bank by August 2014.
Botswana said, the old coin will be exchanged
only at the Bank of Botswana in Gaborone and
Francistown for a period of five years until August
28 2019, read a notice by the Bank of Botswana.
The phased out coins range from P1, P5, 5 thebe
to 25 thebe.
A number of retailers are also no longer accept-
ing the Botswana coins, with only a few still accept-
ing them as a medium of exchange.
At the moment, we no longer accept old Bot-
swana coins since the introduction of new coins
this year, said a manager of a retailer giant on
condition of anonymity.
Consumers spoken to said the refusal to accept
the coins was posing serious challenges, especial-
ly when they required change.
Zimbabwe, which is battling a liquidity crisis
and small change challenges, is importing rand
coins for use in a multiple currency system which
is dominated by the US dollar.
Africas youngest billionaire Ashish Thakkar
Katsirus property auctioned
Local News
6 The Standard October 5 to 11 2014
anu PF Mashonaland
East stalwart Lawrence
Katsiru last week lost
thousands of dollars
worth of agricultural
equipment and other properties
after they went down the ham-
mer at Little Zimbabwe farm in
Marondera to settle a substantial
debt he owes a Chinese company.
The deputy sheriff auctioned
off the Zanu PF leaders proper-
ty as bigwigs continue to fall on
hard times as the economic crisis
is not sparing prominent person-
alities among them politicians,
farmers and business people.
A number of farms owned by
party bigwigs have been the sub-
ject of auctioning activity lately,
as the new owners have failed to
repay outstanding debts.
The deputy sheriff s office is
currently inundated with a lita-
ny of cases that require auction-
ing of property in order to settle
Katsirus properties, most of
which were seized from a white
commercial farmer six years ago,
were auctioned off in a bid to pay
off a debt to Tian Ze tobacco com-
People who attended the auc-
tion told The Standard on condi-
tion of anonymity that Katsiru
owed Tian Ze close to US$100 000
and he was desperate to settle the
There hasnt been much if any
production on this farm as you
can see ever since it was taken
from the white farmer, said an
old man, as he pointed to a line of
tobacco curing containers known
as modros.
He said out of all the proper-
ties that were auctioned, only the
small herd of goats classified as
livestock originally belonged to
The deputy sheriff had adver-
tised the auction as case num-
ber HC 2100/14 with a dilapidated
ERF truck going down the ham-
mer for US$2 300.
Buyers were required to de-
posit US$200 for all items while
US$500 was required for the truck
and tractors.
The 3-inch irrigation pipes
were sold for US$7 while 6-inch
pipes went under the hammer for
These 5-inch pipes you see
here were taken straight from the
field as they watered the plants,
so they are good to go, give me an
offer, hollered the deputy sheriff
to the expectant buyers.
The 5-inch pipes were eventual-
ly sold off at just above US$7.
However, the biggest bargain
made was the selling off of a Ger-
man made 60 horse power diesel
driven Kohler generator.
As the buyers made their bids,
people could be seen whispering
to each other that the generator
was worth US$10 000 at the least.
A young woman ululated after
she won the bid and got the ma-
chine at US$2 200.
The highest sale recorded was
that of the 10 tobacco curing con-
tainers which were sold off for a
total of US$6 700.
Legal expert Rodger Matsikidze
said if the property was auc-
tioned off, then the land had title
deeds and it was private property.
The question is how the
change of ownership came about
and whether there was payment
for the title deeds, he said.
Only after establishing these
facts can a proper assessment be
made, he said.
Despite the lengthy auctioning
procedure, it was clear that Katsi-
ru still has a long way to go before
clearing his debt with the Chi-
nese company as the properties
sold did not exceed even US$15
Katsirus son ardently followed
the proceedings and recorded eve-
ry transaction while the politi-
cian was reportedly holed up in
the farm house.
A lawyer, Norman Mugiya, was
of the view that the move was not
legal in the strict legal sense.
The land policy is very clear
on whether the farm was ac-
quired by government; the gov-
ernment does not acquire the as-
sets or property developments
made on the land. Government
has an obligation to pay for these
assets or developments, he said.
Technically, the assets could
not and should not have been auc-
tioned in any way whatsoever, as
they belong to the previous own-
Katsiru could not be reached
for comment last week.
Several other farmers were also
set to lose their properties after
failing to settle undisclosed debts.
In a notice on Friday, the depu-
ty sheriff s office said it would on
October 11 auction a four-wheel
drive tractor in Chinhoyi be-
longing to suspended Zimbabwe
Broadcasting Corporation (ZBC)
boss Happiness Muchechetere in
a case brought by the Zimbabwe
Farmers Development Corpora-
tion (ZFDC).
Part of the irrigation pipes that went under the hammer at Little Zimbabwe farm last week. Picture: Tafadzwa Ufumeli
lack granite mining in Mutoko
has been a source of conflict
between companies extracting
the stone and villagers whose envi-
ronment and houses are being dam-
aged by blasting.
Zimbabwe Environmental Law
Association economic research and
policy advisor, Simbarashe Pasi-
pamire said a research carried out
by his organisation revealed that
while the community suffered en-
vironmental damage due to black
granite mining, mining companies
were failing to put up meaningful
infrastructural development.
He said there was no function-
al Community Share Ownership
Trust (CSOT) in Mutoko.
The roads, schools and hospi-
tals remain in a poor state, yet min-
ers blast mountains to extract the
granite rocks and leave huge pits
that have resulted in death of peo-
ple and livestock, while communi-
ties have lost grazing land and most
houses have developed cracks due to
the blasting, Pasipamire said.
In a presentation to the Parlia-
mentary Portfolio Committee on
Mines and Energy chaired legislator
for Gutu Central Lovemore Matuke,
Pasipamire said black granite min-
ing had the potential to earn the
country more revenue. He said 75%
of Zimbabwes stones comprised
of granites in different colours and
varieties, of which 25% was of the
most internationally sought after
black granite.
Chairman of the Institute of Min-
ing at the University of Zimbabwe,
Lyman Mlambo said areas well-en-
dowed with black granite included
Mutoko, Murewa and Mount Dar-
Zimbabwe has a rare quality of
black granite which can produce
great dcor which is well-noted in-
ternationally, Mlambo said.
Pasipamire said black gran-
ite mining was initiated about 50
years ago, and inasmuch as it is a
well sought after stone internation-
ally, less than 10% of the total pro-
duction was being cut and polished
in Zimbabwe. As a result, revenue
which can be derived through ex-
porting finished products or benefi-
ciation was being lost.
There are around seven compa-
nies exploiting granite in Mutoko
and 75% black granite exports come
from Mutoko. Villagers are also con-
cerned about the disregard for an-
cestral land, he said.
Pasipamire said due to damage
caused by heavy stones during their
transportation, the Mutoko Rural
District Council spent a huge chunk
of the revenue it collected repairing
roads damaged by haulage trucks
and reclaiming the environmental
damage caused by companies min-
ing granite in the district.
This drains the RDC of their
much-needed revenue as the US$1
per 30 tonne load levy they charge
is not adequate to repair damages
caused by the heavy vehicles, he
An official with Action Aid Inter-
national, Lillian Matsika said it was
sad that the country was endowed
with natural resources but there
was no meaningful revenue going
into government coffers.
There is need for social account-
ability, civic engagement with com-
munities and discussions of issues
that affect them. MPs also need to
inform their constituents about is-
sues of social accountability and
what to expect from big corpora-
tions extracting minerals from their
areas, Matsika said.
Zimbabwe Environmental Law
Association director Mutuso Dhli-
wayo said the Minerals Act which
was crafted in 1961 needed a com-
plete overhaul and not just amend-
ments as it no longer served the
modern mining environment.
Dhliwayo said crafting of a com-
pletely new Act was the way to
go as the current law was not an-
chored on principles of account-
ability and transparency, which
contributed to assertions that min-
ing companies were not remitting
enough revenue to government.
The Act was crafted in 1961 and
issues of transparency and ac-
countability were not recorded as
issues at all, and these are modern
initiatives, he said.
Other issues not recorded in
the Act include social rights and
issues of access to information in
order to ensure transparency of
contracts entered into. Access to
information is limited and that is
why at times people end up spec-
ulating. Information on mineral
deals is critical for civic society
groups to do advocacy and there is
need to know about how the min-
ing companies are going to address
environmental issues.
Dhliwayo said there was need to
include clauses on measures that
will result in value addition of
minerals, as well as incorporation
of the Environmental Manage-
ment Act into the Mines and Min-
erals Act.
The current archaic Act does
not recognise community-based
organisations as stakeholders. The
South African mining legislation
has clauses for the role of civic so-
ciety organisations, he said.
Black granite mining
benefits fail to trickle
down to communities
Black granite mining in Mutoko
Local News
The Standard October 5 to 11 2014 7
new wave of
Christian denominations launch peace initiative
worth residents who
lost their properties in
the new wave of demo-
litions have given heart-
rending tales of how they watched
as their lifetime investments were
pulled down into heaps of rubble.
Some of the residents were
roused in the dead of the night
just over a week ago only to watch
their houses being demolished.
Desire Mutasi of Unit G is still
battling to come to grips with the
reality that the savings he sunk
into constructing his house are
now as good as a pile of rubble.
His family of five was con-
demned to homelessness on that
horror night at a time when they
were getting ready to move into
their new house after many years
as tenants.
Mutasi said losing his home in
such circumstances made him
look at independence ushered in
1980 in a new light.
Is this what independence is
all about? I was actually happy
when I got the stand last year be-
cause I could now build a house
for my family, said Mutasi.
After purchasing the stand in
July 2013, he built a four-roomed
cottage and the construction of
the main house was now in pro-
gress. His shock, however, could
not have come in a more dramat-
ic way.
He only realised it while in a
commuter omnibus on his way
to work as they were passing
through his stand. He noticed
the structure had been razed to
the ground and his well had been
filled with sand.
I phoned my wife and instruct-
ed her to go to the stand to check
what had happened, Mutasi re-
called, but she told me that she
would not go there otherwise she
would suffer a stroke and die.
Mutasi is just one of hundreds
of people who lost their houses at
various stages of construction in
Chitungwiza and Epworth as lo-
cal authorities with the subtle
backing of government moved
to destroy illegal houses and
The majority of the people who
lost properties in Chitungwiza
bought their residential stands
through former Ward 25 council-
lor Frederick Mabambas housing
co-operative. There is suspicion
that the move to destroy the struc-
tures could have been political.
Mabamba is a former Zanu PF
councillor and is alleged to be a
land baron. He has however insist-
ed that he purchased all the land
he owned in Chitungwiza without
cutting corners or greasing palms.
In Epworth, over 100 residents
barricaded the local board work-
ers and the police from pulling
down their houses in Dombo-
ramwari section. Police anti-ri-
ot squad was forced to fire warn-
ing shots into the air to disperse
an angry crowd that was resisting
eviction from their homes in the
sprawling informal settlement af-
ter the Epworth Local Board or-
dered them out.
The police were called in after a
group of about 25 people had re-
portedly razed several houses to
the ground claiming to represent
the rightful owners of the resi-
dential stands on which the hous-
es were built.
You want to destroy our homes
on the pretext that they are ille-
gal, charged one elderly wom-
an. But just across the road there
are houses that belong to Zanu PF
supporters and you dont want to
demolish those? No member of
Zanu PF will ever build a house
here. We are ready to die for our
One of the victims in Chitung-
wiza, Felix Chisuse of Unit C, said
they were surprised that officials
from the town council came to de-
stroy the houses at midnight. He
said this was an indication that
they were acting illegally.
They first came during the day
in pick-up trucks. They should
have told us then that they want-
ed to destroy our houses. But they
only returned at midnight when
people were asleep, Chisuse said.
He lost a stand that was bought
for him by his son last year after the
municipality had given them the
green light to construct the house.
We only bought the building
materials after the council had
given us the necessary documents
to confirm that our stand was le-
gal, said Chisuse.
The demolition blitz was code-
named Operation Makapiwa Nani
Ipapo? (Who gave you those resi-
dential stands?).
Mutasi said when they went to
the local authority to inquire on
the demolitions, they were shuf-
fled from one office to the next.
One of the officials later said
they were not aware of the dem-
olitions and referred us to the po-
lice at Makoni Shopping Centre,
he said.
When we went to the police,
the officers we spoke to, who de-
clined to give us their names,
were in a foul mood and accused
us of building houses on illegal
Mutasi said they were referred
back to the town council and upon
arrival, they learnt that all the
key officials had deserted their of-
Alice Masunda of Unit A, how-
ever said the teams that came to
demolish the structures told them
that they were acting on council
Eventually, I approached Ma-
bamba from whom I bought my
stand in Unit A for US$5 000 and
when I accused him of cheating,
he told me that what was happen-
ing was political, she said. He
instructed us to stay put on our
Chitungwiza Residents Trust
(Chitrest) expressed shock at the
dormitory towns demolition of il-
legal structures in the early hours
of the morning after authorities
had agreed with the residents
representatives that the struc-
tures would be regularised to in-
crease the councils revenue col-
lection base.
Chitungwiza magistrate Mare-
hwanazvo Gofa granted an order
favour of residents on April 24
2014. On June 27 2014, the munici-
pality approached the High Court
under case number HC5231/14
seeking an order to demolish the
so-called illegal houses but the
High Court is yet to grant the or-
The ruling was made after Lo-
cal Government minister Igna-
tious Chombo had given residents a
three-week ultimatum to demolish
houses built on undesignated sites.
The Harare Metropolitan Resi-
dents Forum (HamRef) has since
petitioned President Robert
Mugabe and Police Commission-
er General Augustine Chihuri to
exercise their constitutional au-
thority and cause the arrest of of-
ficials who authorised the demoli-
We will find ways of stopping
the illegal demolitions. We will
explore these ways if we dont get
a favourable response, HamRef
co-chairperson Simbarashe Moyo
HamRef co-chairperson Israel
Mabhoo said: We need to agree
as residents associations on the
resolutions to register our an-
ger within the legal channels be-
cause constitutionally you cant
be removed from your house
without alternative accommoda-
The Bill of Rights in Chapter
4 of the new constitution clearly
states that citizens have the right
to freedom from arbitrary evic-
tion. It defies logic to note that the
authorities who have the obliga-
tion to protect that right are the
ones violating it.
HE Zimbabwe Heads of Chris-
tian Denominations (ZHOCD)
have launched a programme
aimed at promoting peace, reconcil-
iation, non-violence and justice in
the country.
The programme is dubbed the Ec-
umenical Peace Observation Initia-
tive in Zimbabwe (Epoiz) .
ZHOCD director, Tendaiwo Mar-
egere told The Standard at Gokwe
Centre last week that the nation had
gone through difficult times which
required churches to take an initi-
ative to ensure that peace prevails.
With the Epoiz initiative, we seek
to strengthen and amplify churches
joint advocacy voices, facilitating
stronger coordination of various ef-
forts for peace while promoting free
and peaceful citizen participation
in national processes, particularly
elections and referenda, Maregere
The goal of this initiative is to
promote an enduring culture of
peace in Zimbabwe and facilitate na-
tional healing, forgiveness and rec-
He said the programme would see
officials touring seven provinces in
the country to preach the gospel of
peace and reconciliation.
We have selected seven provinces
at the moment, among them Masv-
ingo, Hwange, Mashonaland West,
Bulawayo and Midlands. The selec-
tion criteria was based on the con-
flicts experienced in the recent past
with the need to conscientise such
communities to a climate of toler-
ance and peaceful co-existence,
Maregere said.
It is essential that the church in-
itiates the process of healing, for-
giveness, reconciliation and peace
building in its endeavour to develop
a culture of peace in Zimbabwe.
Maregere said the project would
incorporate church, traditional and
political parties, government, civ-
il society, business, security sector,
media, congregants and communi-
ZHOCD research and advocacy
officer Tendayi Bobo said the pro-
gramme has so far received an over-
whelming response from people and
other stakeholders.
We have been in Rusape, Hwange
and Karoi preaching the gospel of
peace and people in those areas em-
braced the project, Bobo said.
Our aim is to bring violence per-
petrators and victims under one
roof and educate them about the
culture of peace in national process-
ZHOCD is a conglomeration of four
umbrella church bodies comprising
Evangelical Fellowship of Zimba-
bwe (EFZ), the Zimbabwe Catholic
Bishops Conference (ZCBC), Zim-
babwe Council of Churches (ZCC)
and the Union for the Development
of Apostolic and Zionist Church-
es in Zimbabwe (Udaciza) as asso-
ciate members of ZHOCD that was
launched last year.
Tendaiwo Maregere
The aftermath of demolitions carried out last week
In Epworth anti-riot police were forced to fire
warning shots into the air to disperse an angry
crowd of home-seekers that was resisting
Judicial system marred by inefciency
Local News
8 The Standard October 5 to 11 2014
onvicted murderer Jon-
athan Mutsinzes 11-
year wait for sentenc-
ing after his conviction
by Justice Charles Hun-
gwe at the High Court shows how
slowly the wheels of justice in
Zimbabwe are turning compared
to neighbouring South Africa.
Mutsinze, the leader of the
now defunct Jerusalem Apostol-
ic Faith Church bid for freedom
was last week shot down by the
Constitutional Court that ordered
Justice Hungwe to revisit the case
and hand down his judgment.
Across the Limpopo, Oscar Pis-
torius killed his girlfriend Reeva
Steenkamp on February 14 last
year and he has already been tried
and convicted of culpable homi-
cide. Next week he will know his
sentence, just a month after Judge
Thokozile Masipa cleared him of
murder charges.
Soon after Masipa hands her
judgment, it would available on-
line, giving an opportunity to
South Africans or any other inter-
ested parties around the world to
look at it.
In Zimbabwe, such efficiency
remains a pipe dream. Judicial of-
ficers have a wide leeway in prac-
tice on how much time they can
take to give a judgment after hear-
ing a matter.
Statutory Instrument 107 of
2012 general known as Judicial
Service (Code of Ethics) Regula-
tions, 2012 says judgments should
be handed down between three
and six months after completion
of a hearing.
Section 19 (1) of the Code reads,
Where a judgment is reserved to
be delivered on notice, the judicial
officer shall use his or her best ef-
forts to ensure that such judgment
is delivered within the next nine-
ty (90) days and, except in unusu-
al and exceptional circumstances,
no judgment shall be delivered lat-
er than one hundred and eighty
(180) days from the date when it is
Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human
Rights (ZLHR) director Irene Pet-
ras said it was important for judi-
cial offers to dispense justice ear-
ly so that accused persons or liti-
gants can know of their fate in-
stead of living in suspense.
In the new code for judges,
there is a time limit of between
three to six months for the judge
to give a written judgment but
they can unfortunately seek an ex-
tension with reasons if they take
longer, Petras said.
In the present circumstances,
however, some judges are only
handing the operative section of
their judgments, saying the rea-
sons would follow.
Petras argues that judges
should stick to the code and hand
down full written judgments in
the interest of justice.
The judgments must be given
within the stipulated periods es-
pecially in the lower courts so that
those interested in appealing the
judgment can file their appeals,
Petras added.
A senior legal practitioner who
preferred anonymity said the eco-
nomic circumstances of the coun-
try and the land reforms were also
taking the judiciarys attention
away from focusing on delivering
We have some of our judges
spending more of their time ei-
ther pursuing their personal pri-
vate enterprises which invariably
include farming at the expense of
working on their judgments, the
practitioner said.
Judicial Services Commission
executive secretary Justice Rita
Makarau was not immediately
available for comment on the state
of justice delivery system.
In December 2011, The Zimba-
bwe Independent reported that the
Supreme Court was taking an ex-
cessively long time to deliver judg-
ments with some cases taking an
average of between 14 months and
four years and in the end render-
ing the judgments academic when
finally handed down.
Since then the situation has not
drastically improved even with
the Supreme Court now having a
complement of nine judges.
Chief Justice Godfrey Chidyausi-
ku confirmed the same in his open-
ing speech of the 2014 legal year. He
was extremely worried about the
pace of clearance of cases at the
High Court.
The Judge President and I are
considering strategies that will
help ease the workload in this
court. The substantial imbalance
between the inflow and outflow
of cases, in favour of the inflow
at the High court, is cause of con-
cern for me as head of the judici-
ary, Chidyausiku said.
On the newly created Constitu-
tional Court, Chidyausiku said it
was new and had a lot of work,
particularly that 2013 was an elec-
tion year.
May I also digress further and
add that generally, the non-prose-
cution of constitutional matters
has been one of the major factors
that have contributed to the back-
log in the Constitutional Court.
It is an issue that needs to be ad-
dressed immediately, Chidyausi-
ku added, Of the total 111 cas-
es that were in the Constitution-
al Court during the course of the
year, 24 have been completed.
It remains to be seen wheth-
er the appointment of addition-
al three Supreme Court judges,
to bring the total to 12, will both
qualitatively and quantitatively
increase the rate of disposal of
cases and handing down of judg-
The Judicial Services Commis-
sion (JSC) will soon also be inter-
viewing nominees to save at the
High Court before the end of year
in a move expected to lessen the
burden on the bench and improve
Chief Justice Godfrey Chidyausiku
asvingo Child marriag-
es are on the rise in Zimba-
bwe, particularly in rural ar-
eas, where girls as young as 15 are
married off to men 10 or more years
their senior, a survey by the United
Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
and ZimStat reveals.
The 64 paged survey titled the
Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey
of 2014: Key Findings, was carried
out from February to April this year
It noted that rural girls were mar-
ried before the age of 15 to spouses
who are more than 10 years older
than them.
The proportion of women who
were married before the age of 15 is
more than that of men. Five percent
of women and 0,3 % of men age 15-49
years were first married or in union
before age 15.
One in three women and less than
1 in 20 (3,7 percent) of men age 20-49
were first married or in union before
age 18.
The report further noted that girls
topped the charts more than boys.
Young people age 15-19 years cur-
rently married or in union were 24,5
% and 1,7 % for women and men, re-
The percentage of women and
men age 15-49 years who are in a po-
lygynous union was 10,1 % and 3,8
%, respectively.
Age mixing is prevalent for
young women, with 19,9% of wom-
en age 15-19, and 17,5% of women
age 20-24 years married or in union
with a spouse 10 or more years old-
The sample of the survey had 682
clusters, 229 in urban areas and 453
in rural areas.
A representative sample of 17 047
households was selected for the sur-
The ultimate units of analysis for
the MICS are the individual house-
holds and persons, including spe-
cific sub-population groups, that is,
women of reproductive age 15 to 49,
men age 15 to 54, and children under
five years of age.
Child marriages cause for concern
Pupils take part in a campaign against early or forced child marriages.
The Standard October 5 to 11 2014 9
10 The Standard October 5 to 11 2014
Comment & Analysis
access to water
Makandiwa should stick to church matters
Write to us at or
to Letters, PO Box BE1165, Belvedere,
Harare, or SMS to 0772 472 500.
Letters should be short and to the point. They must carry
the writers name and address, even if a nomde plume is
used. Letters published in other papers are less likely to
be used in ours.
Chinamasa needs support
to reduce govt wage bill
ater is a human right as defined under Resolution
64/292, of the United Nations General Assembly.
The resolution stipulates that water is essential to
the realisation of all human rights and it should not only be
accessible and safe, but must be affordable.
It is unfortunate that the body charged with managing water
affairs in this country and the parent ministry of environment,
water and climate are about to negate this right.
At a time when water is a very scarce commodity, the minis-
try and Zimbabwe National Water Authority (Zinwa) have con-
spired to put spanners in the works of bulk water suppliers.
They have imposed a ban on bulk water abstraction from
boreholes in residential areas and directed them to obtain wa-
ter from Zinwas points in Dema, Nyabira, Parerehwa, Gwebi
and Juru. Here they will be levied US$3 for 1 000 litres of wa-
ter and the revenue generated from this activity will be shared
with the ministry and sub catchment councils.
One doesnt need to be an environmental specialist to notice
that our broke government, which is desperate to raise cash,
is not motivated by the need to protect the environment, but
has seen an opportunity to make money out of it.
The truth of the matter is that no studies have been carried
out to enable a scientific conclusion to be reached that the ac-
tivities of the bulk water supplies are harming the ground
water sources when construction activities are allowed on
What is clear is that, the ban will have a devastating im-
pact on consumers and water suppliers, who stepped in to
help the situation after the city council and Zinwa failed to
ensure constant water supplies were available.
If clean and safe water was consistently flowing from the
taps, there would have been no business for the water suppli-
ers, and it is disheartening that Zinwa, and the ministry are
keen to disrupt a system that was working well.
Both Zinwa and the ministry should reverse this decision
which will drive upwards the cost of water and result in the
precious liquid being sold on the black market.
he reason why I have come
to doubt the Roman Catho-
lic Church (the church I was
raised in), is its involvement in
the running of nations. In the US,
the Vatican has had a tremendous
influence on White House policy
with respect to foreign affairs and
such issues as abortion and birth
It is the same way that I am
starting to doubt more and more
that Emmanuel Makandiwa is re-
ally a prophet.
To me, Makandiwas latest
prophecy of the bees and the
supposed bloodshed, sounded
more staged than real. It would
seem Makandiwa has shifted his
focus on his work as prophet (see-
ing as there is now stiff competi-
tion), to being involved in politics.
It did not need a rocket scien-
tist to tell how very convenient for
Zanu PF the timing of that bees
so-called prophecy was. It came
just as everyone was talking about
the need to join hands in mass
demonstrations meant to push
the government to wake up from
its deep slumber and save the col-
lapsing economy.
And did you see the amount of
airplay that prophecy received
on ZTV?
Everyone knows how Zanu PF
handles any threat to its endless
rule they strike fear in the hearts
of Zimbabweans so that in the end
the general population is unable to
utter a word in opposition.
Pity on Makandiwas followers
who hang on his every word, with-
out any questions asked. To them,
Makandiwa is a man of God and
everything that comes out of his
mouth is holy. Sadly, Makandi-
was prophecies are now being
manipulated by Zanu PF. He is
now serving at the pleasure of
the ruling party, aiding peoples
exploitation by an uncaring gov-
LG Matamba
ast week, government prom-
ised to cut its wage bill as part
of the International Mon-
etary Fund (IMF) reforms. The
IMF said it was concerned with
the high government expenditure
of which over 70% of the revenue
generated is set aside for salaries.
Over the years, government has
failed to adhere to the IMF su-
pervised economic reform pro-
gramme which called on them to
reduce the wage bill mainly sal-
aries and civil servants allowanc-
The only way government can
cut this wage bill is through re-
trenchments and flashing out of
ghost workers.
Finance minister, Patrick Chi-
namasa last week said govern-
ment was committed to cutting
the wage bill. However, it would
be a Herculean task for Chinama-
sa, considering that there are nu-
merous people on the government
pay-roll who are known Zanu PF
There are a lot of people, in-
cluding unqualified youth mili-
tias and war veterans, who have
been deployed by the government
that are drawing salaries from
Most of these people were re-
cruited just before the June 2008
presidential election run-off to
campaign for President Robert
There are many civil servants
sitting in offices and doing noth-
ing. There is also rampant duty
duplication in the civil service
there are Permanent Secretaries,
Principal Directors, Deputy Di-
rectors serving various govern-
ment departments, and in most
cases these people replicate each
others duties.
However, it wont be easy for
Chinamasa to placate these top
government officials to under-
stand these IMF reforms. These
are the same officials who are
drawing a large chunk of allow-
ances from the Treasury. Most of
them were appointed by the Presi-
dent and cannot be retrenched or
sent home for early retirement.
The other issue is that of
ghost workers. During the in-
clusive government Tendai Biti
managed to get rid of 6 000 ghost
workers through a payroll and
skills audit. Unfortunately, the
audit was not enough to address
the ghost workers phenomena
because it is alleged that there
are names still listed on the pay-
roll as receiving salaries, but do
not exist or no longer work for
the government.
For him to successfully exe-
cute the IMF reforms, Chinama-
sa needs support from the gov-
ernment and the exercise should
not be misinterpreted as a regime
change agenda as has been the
case before.
Mthombeni, Harare
Emmanuel Makandiwa
Patrick Chinamasa
Due to erratic supplies of water, tanks are now part of the landscape in Harare.
The Standard October 5 to 11 2014 11
Comment & Analysis
ear Amai
I am a graduate of the University of
Zimbabwe who was capped by His Excellen-
cy the President of Zimbabwe Comrade Rob-
ert Gabriel Mugabe in person. I am extremely
proud of our institution of highest learning.
I know it has produced some of the best qual-
ity graduates in the region, whose abilities are
highly respected. They have given it a shin-
ning and growing reputation. It is my wish to
see that reputation continue to grow. I would
not want to see it lowered.
Amai (Mother), I would very much love to
congratulate you on your graduation from this
prestigious beloved institution of ours. How-
ever, before I do that, may I humbly ask for
clarity on a few points.
I know that many people who study for de-
grees at whatever level publicise it, especially
if they are prominent people. They even publi-
cise the period of study. It is entirely shocking
to hear about someones study and qualifica-
tion only when the chancellors hand is about
to be placed upon their head to cap them.
For example, we know that Her Excellency
Vice-President Joice Mujuru graduated from the
Womens University in 2005. She graduated again
from Chinhoyi University of Technology in 2008.
We already knew that she was going to graduate
from the Womens University again this year.
Amai your study seems to have been rather
secretive. Needless to say, that on its own rais-
es a lot of questions.
Awarding a degree under murky circum-
stances, not only makes the recipient an object of
ridicule, it also makes the awarding institution
an object of ridicule. It besmirches its reputation.
It seriously compromises the integrity and
reputation of qualifications, not only to be
awarded in future, but those already awarded
by the institution.
Once serious doubt is cast upon the veracity
and quality of degrees an institution awards, it
seriously affects the careers and employment
opportunities of alumni of the institution.
My dearest Amai, you will not be sitting in
the interview panels and employment agen-
cies that review job applications. If the per-
ception is that the UZ awards degrees with-
out paying due attention to the quality of the
study process, CVs will be thrown aside with-
out much ado.
It is therefore in the interests of UZ grad-
uates, past, present and future, to make sure
that the degrees that we spent years and thou-
sands of dollars studying for are not degraded
in the eyes of potential employers. The acqui-
sition of a degree is not an ego enhancement
endeavour, but a serious learning process.
Based upon information in the public do-
main, our dearest Amai, you do not seem to
have done sufficient study to obtain a bacca-
laureate, let alone a doctorate.
University study is a public affair because it
is meant to demonstrate publicly that the stu-
dent has done the necessary work to acquire a
certain level of knowledge. That is why study
records are always publicly available, usually
in the form of project reports, published pa-
pers, theses and other activities all listed in an
academic transcript.
To obtain a doctorate degree by study one
needs to have a baccalaureate degree and a
subsequent masters degree. During the study
for the doctorate itself, one needs to author
several academic papers of sufficient quality
to be published in internationally renown, re-
ferred journals.
Amai, it is up to you to let us know which
journals your work was published in.
In conclusion, Amai, if you did do the work
requisite for a doctoral degree, I would like to
heartily congratulate you on your successful
If you did not, I will not lie to you. Not only
am I disgusted, but I am extremely concerned
at the potential to degrade qualifications is-
sued by the UZ in the eyes of industry and
They ultimately are the main reason why
people are schooled in universities. People
are not schooled just to give them status, but
to make them true experts that industry and
commerce can rely upon.
Only you know the truth of what happened.
It is up to you to silence the doubting Thomases
with a forthright narrative of how your study
was conducted. That should be very simple.
Thank you very much Amai for giving me
your attention. Once clarification has been
made on your qualification process, I will not
withhold my congratulations.
Open letter to Dr Grace Mugabe
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Do we measure up?
If you don't think so, please report all unethical conduct to
RESPONDING to the story: Kwekwe
mayor refuses ride in the gravy train
(The Standard September 28 to Octo-
ber 4 2014) Mose Leod says; Might be
a drop in the ocean of the corrupt and
selfsh party stalwarts but gives the na-
tion a breath of fresh air amid the pri-
vatisation and ransacking of the nation-
al resources by a cabal of ruthless war
Mukwerekwere writes; Imagine if this
man was head of government? So few
good men.
Nyangani Muwani says; So its not all
hopelessness in Zanu PF after all. Which
others believe in this philosophy and
practice and what would happen if one
day they emerged on top?
Uncle Real responds; Why dont we give
that man a Bells! Mayor, can I come help
you pack and relocate you to my city, we
need you here badly, not for one term
or two, but for a life term!
Gutter Poet writes; If one were look-
ing for a breath of fresh air, here it is. In
fact, the majority of Zimbabweans in
and out of ofce are good, hardworking
and honest men. It is the few who give
the whole sorry bunch an ugly name.
Perhaps since this reporter has started
this good crusade, why not tell us more
about the other unsung heroes. All is
not lost. Why not start a column where
we get to hear more about these un-
sung heroes because I know there are
plenty out there. They just might inspire
the nation and put to shame those rot-
ten thieves among us!
Responses to the story, Zim economy on
the mend: Moyo (The Standard Septem-
ber 28 to October 4 2014).
Trymore says; Jonathan Moyo must tell
the nation the situation on the ground,
instead of saying things which do not
or will never exist. Tell him we love our
country no matter what, so he must
stop telling lies. We are also educated
to the extent of understanding the eco-
nomic situation without being told by
Chiremba weMberengwa writes; Moyo
must not play with peoples lives; what
does he think someone retrenched last
month will think when he spews this
crap? The economy does not respond to
the most dexterously put together spin/
propaganda, this Goebels of our time
needs to understand that.
Jongwe Rachembera writes: Once
again, the professor has proved getting
a higher education and gaining a title of
professor doesnt mean much, as you
can still mislead people. Besides, UZ is
now handing out degrees like Crystal
sweets at a kids party.
guest opinion
Doctors Grace Mugabe and Joice Mujuru on their graduation day last month
12 The Standard October 5 to 11 2014
Comment & Analysis / Opinion
Army propped
up dictatorship
ecent utterances by
Commander of the Zim-
babwe Defence Forces,
Constantine Chiwenga,
that the military can-
not be wished away from civil-
ian politics, are not only a con-
stitutional violation on military
neutrality, but also borders on
mischief-making. Addressing del-
egates at the ZDF health confer-
ence in Victoria Falls last month,
Chiwenga argued that infighting
in Zanu PF was a passing phase.
He said, You cant wish us away
because we brought independence
asi takasiya zvakadaro [we left it
like that]. This is the only country
in the world where you have never
seen military intervention, inter-
fering with civilian rule.
By choosing to meddle with
domestic politics, our military
stands accused of dereliction of
its sole mandate of securing our
borders and protecting us from ex-
ternal threats.
The publics trust in the mili-
tary has long evaporated because
of political interference which
spans over three decades. Our his-
tory is replete with episodes of
military interference and manip-
It is quite depressing to note
that this is the same Chiwenga
who enraged the public with his
sycophantic announcement just
prior to the March 2008 elections
that the army, will not support
any other candidate than Robert
Mugabe, who has sacrificed a lot
for the country.
When interrogated further by a
reporter who questioned the con-
stitutionality of army involve-
ment in politics, Chiwenga re-
buked him saying: Are you mad?
What is wrong with the army sup-
porting the President against the
election of sell-outs? Subsequent
to his fatwa, the month of March
2008 saw the wrath of the military
ruthlessly unleashed on the de-
fenceless public coercing them to
vote for Zanu PF.
Belated attempts by Chiwenga
to sanitise the reputation of the
small elite camp in the military
which has always been the guard-
ian of Zanu PF hegemony are lu-
dicrous and an insult to the same
civilian population that has suf-
fered tales of horror, grief and
fear, all because of excessive in-
terference by the military in our
domestic politics. Its a military
that has too much autonomy over
our lives.
While the majority of our men
and women in uniform have always
remained disciplined and profes-
sional, it is no secret that the mis-
fortunes of the ordinary Zimba-
bwean today have their origins
from partisan elite in charge of the
security apparatuses the secret
men behind Mugabes.
The elite in the military is the
embodiment of institutionalisa-
tion of the militarys influence over
Zimbabwean politics. Every Zimba-
bwean clearly knows who is respon-
sible for this subversion of democ-
racy and the ultimate shaming of
contemporary Zimbabwe.
Where is their pride consider-
ing that the economy is in tatters
and every other institution that
was once an embodiment of nation-
al pride and promise has collapsed
or is collapsing under their watch?
The heart-wrenching intellectual
decay at the University of Zimba-
bwe serves as a glaring example.
Their concern for Zimbabwes pos-
terity is marginal.
We are therefore shocked by Chi-
wengas inability to assess the situ-
ation correctly, unless if it is delib-
erate. When you look at the magni-
tude of the suffering today, it is as
if the country is leaderless. Why is
that? Simple! The military propped
up the dictatorship.
We now find it ironic that the
very same men who were complic-
it in making it treasonous to talk
about Mugabes succession are
now distancing themselves from
the monster they created. Zanu
PF and the military establishment
have always been inseparable. We
can only conclude that its a hon-
eymoon that is now coming to an
end. This is nothing more than
managing their exit from Zanu PF
which has become too toxic to con-
tinue propping up.
Unfortunately, this factious and
fractious Zanu PF can no longer
guarantee the safety of their power
priviledges and status as well as the
protection of their wealth and eco-
nomic interests. In addition, they
want to monopolise credit for lib-
erating this country yet there are
hundreds of thousands of war vet-
erans, war collaborators and the
general public that fought or con-
tributed immensely during the war.
Such vain talk cannot go unchal-
Zimbabwe was brought about
by many peoples sacrifices, who
should also equally enjoy the ben-
efits of a liberated Zimbabwe, not
just a few harbouring such senti-
ments of entitlement.
Oftentimes we warned them that
Zanu PF policies were suicidal.
Now they have come back to bite all
of us including the ordinary civil
servant in the military.
Its sad that the government is so
broke that they cant decently and
routinely pay our hardworking sol-
diers in the barracks across the
Our call has always been unam-
biguous, but again we implore Chi-
wenga: for once, return to the bar-
racks where you belong.
Freedom to dress, move: The other side
Constantine Chiwenga
esterday a womens lobby
group, Katswe Sistahood,
held a mini-skirt march
in Harare. The mini-skirt jour-
ney took them from Town House
through Copacabana terminus
to Market Square. This comes in
the wake of harassment, heckling
and in some instances open mo-
lestation of young women by city
louts and streets urchins in down-
town Harare. These louts con-
sider themselves self-appointed
fashion police and are ready to
pounce on anyone they deem to be
skimpily dressed or dressed to ei-
ther solicit or to provoke them in
a sensual manner.
Our constitution, as Katswe Sis-
tahood rightly points out, gives
women a fair share of freedoms;
freedom of movement, associa-
tion, speech, to dress as they want
among other rights. That touts
want some areas to be no-go are-
as for some women or influence
the way they dress through unru-
ly means cannot be taken lightly.
They are also not the best dress-
ers among us. They show their
underwear, their cracks, they
reek of sweat and most of the
time their bodies crave some good
scrubbing. The heckling and mo-
lestation stems from the patriar-
chal nature of our society; wom-
en have to know that big brother
is on the watch out to whip them
into line. Appropriate dressing is
subjective, it is up to the individu-
al to look at his/her reflection and
nod or change into a new set alto-
However, that being said, I wish
to point out a few things to my sis-
ters. Most people are dressing out-
rageously just to show the world
that they are comfortable in their
skin, a convenient excuse. It is a
mark of confidence that they are
at peace with their bodies, but
there is a fine line between being
comfortable in your skin and pro-
jecting the image of an attention-
seeking young woman. In most
cases women court unwanted at-
tention when their chests threat-
en to spill out of their push-up
bras. Such a display could be in-
terpreted to mean that you are
soliciting and that on its own is
demeaning. Unfortunately, one
comes across as a cheap attention-
seeker. Generally we are a decent
nation and self-respect is all we
need before we demand it from the
next person.
Secondly, different occasions
call for different dress codes.
Sports, cocktails, church, the
ramp, on stage etc. you need to
dress the part. A fair amount of
semi-nudity is not necessarily an
expression of freedom.
Fashion-conscious women among
us are not necessarily semi-nud-
ists. Think about US First Lady
Michelle Obama or our own Grace
Mugabe closer home. We need
a bit of restraint. At one time
President Robert Mugabe spoke
against crop tops [commonly re-
ferred to as guvhu out locally],
women were getting carried away.
Too many navels were on display.
Thirdly, I doubt the touts are
any wiser after the march. They
are just a lousy group of peo-
ple among us and to think that to
take the march into their territo-
ry would change them would be
expecting too much. What rules
them is mob psychology. Ask City
of Harare, they have tried to get
rid of them to no avail. With the
aid of ZRP, council police and at
one time soldiers, Harare coun-
cil tried in vain to rid the city
of touts. They even have tried
to educate them that passengers
should freely choose buses to trav-
el in to no avail. Touts are an un-
employed lot with their own frus-
trations. They are looking for
somewhere to vent their pent up
Do not draw a false sense of se-
curity from this march. Other-
wise, dress freely, move freely but
err on the cautious side.
Michelle Obama
The Standard October 5 to 11 2014 13
Universities: Serve justice, not politics
e were in a discus-
sion one day with
a learned friend
in diaspora and he
was sharing with
us how Zimbabwean experts are
respected on the international
market. Having a very high liter-
acy rate, we certainly rank among
the most educated societies in the
world. The question that worries
us is that if Zimbabweans are so
educated, how come we cannot
solve our own problems.
A colleague joked and said our
intelligence is only in writing po-
etry, jokes and drawing cartoons
about our suffering. She hit our
ego below the belt, but perhaps
what she was saying was that our
high literacy rate is useless if it
does not translate to solutions for
our society. We may as well be illit-
erate. Surely, in this modern day,
literacy has to mean more than
just the ability to read and write
ones own name.
But again when we look at great
Zimbabwean personalities that
make it big on a global stage, one
thinks maybe we are not that
illiterate after all. We think of
people like James Manyika who
in December 2012 was appointed
into the United States Presidents
Global Development Council.
We think of accomplished per-
sons like Strive Masiyiwa, among
many other outstanding Zimbos.
When you travel the world over,
you meet Zimbabweans in key
positions, solving other peoples
Following the debate on the
mid-term fiscal policy review we
realise that the two persons com-
ing head-on in the Parliament are
not economists, but lawyers; Ten-
dai Biti and Patrick Chinamasa.
And we ask, is our country, the
one deploying experts around the
world, and short of economists?
We only read their very good anal-
yses but where are they when we
need people to solve our prob-
lems? We think of people like the
late Erich Bloch (may his soul rest
in peace) who was one of the most
respected economic analysts.
These examples seem to suggest
that we are not at all illiterate, but
perhaps our politics is too dirty
such that our experts dont want
to get involved. But perhaps the
greater challenge is that our uni-
versities are not serving the peo-
ple. It is both a cultural challenge
as well as an institutional chal-
lenge which a more proactive aca-
demic community can solve.
Our academic institutions
have to develop a community-so-
lutions-oriented approach in or-
der to serve better the society. The
area of social justice is probably
the most neglected area. The rea-
son for that is our poisoned polit-
ical atmosphere treats social jus-
tice as a political subject and in-
stitutions and academics that are
qualified to speak to justice issues
seek to avoid getting dirty.
We have to emphasise that fail-
ure by justice related academic
faculties to undertake practical
justice projects has contributed to
our justice deficit. Our faculties
have failed to get out of the class-
room as much as they should.
For inspiration, we look into the
region and we see the immense
contribution of institutions like
the Centre for Human Rights at
the University of Pretoria which
has been key to the advancement
of human rights training for both
state and non-state actors at both
local and international level. Such
initiatives transform institutions
of higher learning into service
centres for a society in search of
Some may argue that South Af-
rica is a more open society for ac-
ademic institutions to be more
creative with social justice pro-
grammes. We must take note that
the Centre for Human Rights was
established in 1986 when South
Africa was still under the apart-
heid regime.
The more the repression, the
more the need for action! Our ac-
ademic institutions must rise to
this need for increased knowledge
dissemination, demand for justice
and equipping practitioners with
practical tools for emerging jus-
tice issues.
Another source of inspiration
in a situation like ours is the Refu-
gee Law Project at the University
of Makerere in Uganda. This pro-
ject has become a beacon of hope
all over Africa that in the midst of
repression, academic institutions
can provide society with a rare
resilience that drives the justice
agenda forward.
In Zimbabwe, it does appear like
academic institutions have not
provided that hope. With the ex-
ception of a few, like the privately
run Institute of Peace Leadership
and Governance at Africa Univer-
sity, and the Centre for Minority
Rights Protection by University
of Zimbabwe lecturer and Legal
Practitioner Innocent Maja, the
majority of institutions remain
locked up in their classrooms.
State control of academic institu-
tions is not an excuse for justice
practitioners not to serve.
Private institutions like Arrupe
College run by the Jesuits, Cath-
olic University and Solusi Uni-
versity are possible platforms for
justice actors to start innovative
programmes that contribute at a
practical level to the advancement
of justice. But this does not stop
us from encouraging the author-
ities to reform state academic in-
stitutions to allow for more justice
oriented growth and academic de-
velopment that benefits ordinary
Zimbabwean. This is part of the
broad institutional reform agen-
da for transitional justice.
If academic institutions do not
reform in the way suggested, we
then ask, of what use is educa-
tion if it cannot respond to the
justice needs of the society? Of
what use is our high literacy, if
we cannot comprehend our own
issues and unlock solutions for
our people?
lDzikamai Bere and Prosper
Maguchu contribute to this col-
umn in their personal capaci-
ty. The views contained here are
not the views of the organisa-
tions they are associated with.
For feedback write to dzikamai-
Graduates at the recent University of Zimbabwe graduation ceremony... Our academic institutions have to develop a community-
solutions-oriented approach in order to serve the society better.
Law students from Makerere University championing the human rights cause through the Refugee Law Project.
14 The Standard October 5 to 11 2014
How US hospitals treat patients
n mid-August, a man who had
recently travelled to Liberia
showed up at an emergency
room in Birmingham, Ala-
bama, with a fever.
Doctors quarantined the pa-
tient, fearing that he might have
contracted Ebola, a deadly virus
that has spread swiftly through
West Africa in recent months.
Attending physicians at the
University of Alabama-Birming-
ham hospital suited up, donning
face masks, gloves, goggles and
full-body gowns. Meanwhile, the
feverish patient was whisked
away to an isolation room sepa-
rate from the rest of the hospital.
Doctors eventually diagnosed
the man with malaria. But the
way the case was treated is sim-
ilar if not identical to how
hospitals would handle an Ebo-
la outbreak if the virus begins to
crop up across the US.
Last week, doctors diagnosed
the first case of Ebola in a US pa-
tient at the Texas Health Presbyte-
rian Hospital of Dallas. The Cen-
tres for Disease Control and Pre-
vention has confirmed the diag-
For many Americans, it is a
nightmare scenario. But while
doctors in the US may not be ac-
customed to treating Ebola, they
are highly trained to deal with in-
fectious disease. And, according
to health officials, American hos-
pitals are equipped to effectively
quarantine Ebola patients.
Virtually every hospital in the
country conforms to CDC guide-
lines designed to stop the spread
of contagion. Doctors are taught
to recognise the signs of infec-
tious disease ranging from
meningitis to the Ebola virus
and quickly isolate anyone exhib-
iting symptoms.
Isolation rooms generally look
like regular hospital rooms, com-
plete with beds and television. De-
pending on the diagnosis, howev-
er, there are a few differences.
Patients with an airborne dis-
ease are placed in rooms with a
ventilation system that keeps the
air from migrating to the rest
of the hospital. Rooms may also
come equipped with an antecham-
ber, where staff can suit up before
entering. Typically, patients are
asked to wear masks as well.
The most common illness that
would land a patient in this type
of isolation, known as a negative-
airflow room, is tuberculosis.
Patients infected with a dis-
ease spread through bodily fluids,
such as Ebola, are put in a differ-
ent kind of quarantine, where the
main precaution doctors take is to
ensure they dont come into direct
contact with the sick person.
In practice, this means that hos-
pitals dont need high-tech equip-
ment to handle an Ebola outbreak
just plenty of protective gear.
According to Mary Ann Code-
glia, the administrative director
of clinical quality at the San Ra-
mon Regional Medical Centre in
California, gowns come in all dif-
ferent colours, tie in the back and
must be long enough to cover the
arms and knees.
The type of apparel patients are
outfitted with, Codeglia said, de-
pends on the severity of the infec-
tion and how it is spread.
Patients are generally permit-
ted to have visitors even while
they are kept in isolation for an
infectious disease.
Family members can exit and
enter the room as long as they
wear the same protective clothing
as hospital staff.
An outbreak of Ebola in the
US may seem scary, but there are
standard precautions that health
professionals take to deal with
infection, and many of the same
rules apply, said David Pigott, a
member of the University of Al-
abama-Birmingham hospitals
emergency response team.
The fairly routine response to
contagion outlined by the CDC,
however, is not what Ebola pa-
tients on US soil encountered ear-
lier this summer.
In August, two American aid
workers who contracted the virus
in West Africa were brought to
Emory University Hospital in At-
lanta. The patients were put into
the hospitals highly specialised
infectious-disease containment
unit, one of only five such facili-
ties in the US.
The unit is set up to treat diseas-
es such as smallpox, the plague,
and SARS. It comes equipped with
an intercom system that visitors
can use to communicate with pa-
tients without entering the room.
Other features include a light-ac-
tivated sink that turns on without
being touched and easily accessi-
ble showers that doctors can use
in the event of accidental contact
with the patient.
Another American physician,
Rick Sacra, was brought to a simi-
lar isolation ward in Omaha, Neb,
in September after contracting
Ebola in Liberia. Patients in the
Omaha ward are transported on
a gurney encased in a bubble-like
Most American hospitals dont
have those kinds of provisions.
But health officials say they dont
need to, and they stress that fol-
lowing CDC guidelines should be
sufficient to prevent contagion.
The most effective way to strike
back at the virus may also be the
most old-fashioned and low-tech.
Diligent hand-washing is the
most important part of prevent-
ing the spread of any infection,
Codeglia said.
Sacra along with the two Ameri-
can aid workers brought to Atlan-
ta in August have since recovered.
A fourth American patient infect-
ed with Ebola abroad remains at
Emory University hospital.
The World Health Organisation
estimates that there have been
more than 6 500 reported cases of
Ebola and more than 3 000 deaths
since the current outbreak began
in March.
National Journal
American doctors may
not be used to dealing
with Ebola, but they
are highly trained to
stop the spread of
infectious diseases
An isolation room at Emory University Hospital in Atlanta
FOUR people close to the first
person diagnosed with Ebola
in the United States were quar-
antined in a Dallas apartment,
where sheets and other items
used by the man were sealed in
plastic bags, as health officials
widened their search for others
who had direct or indirect con-
tact with him.
In Liberia, an American free-
lance television cameraman
working for NBC News in Liberia
has contracted Ebola, the fifth
US citizen known to be infected
with the deadly virus that has
killed at least 3 300 people in the
current outbreak in West Africa.
The 33-year-old man, whose
name was not released, will be
flown back to the United States
for treatment, the network has
Immediately after beginning
to feel ill and discovering he was
running a slight fever, the cam-
eraman quarantined himself. He
then went to a Doctors Without
Borders treatment centre and 12
hours later learned he tested pos-
itive for Ebola.
The entire NBC crew will fly
back to the United States on a pri-
vate charter plane and will place
themselves under quarantine for
21 days, the maximum incuba-
tion period for Ebola.
US health officials said they
were confident they could pre-
vent the spread of Ebola in the
United States after the first case
was diagnosed this week on US
Up to 100 people had direct or
indirect contact with Thomas
Eric Duncan, a Liberian citizen,
and a handful were being moni-
tored, said Thomas Frieden, di-
rector of the US Centres for Dis-
ease Control and Prevention
None of those thought to have
had contact with Duncan were
showing symptoms of Ebola,
Dallas County officials said at a
news conference.
Duncan had helped a pregnant
woman who later died of Ebola
in Liberia, just days before fly-
ing to Texas via Brussels and
Washington two weeks ago. Dun-
can had been staying in an apart-
ment in the northeastern part of
the city for about a week before
going to a Dallas hospital.
In Liberia, the head of the
countrys airport authority, Bin-
yah Kesselly, said the govern-
ment could prosecute Duncan
for denying he had contact with
someone who was eventually di-
agnosed with Ebola.
The government said Duncan
failed to declare that he helped
neighbour Marthalene Williams
after she fell critically ill on Sep-
tember 15. Williams died.
Kesselly said Duncan was
asked in a questionnaire wheth-
er he had come in contact with
any Ebola victim or was showing
any symptoms. To all of these
questions, Mr. Duncan answered
no, Kesselly said.
Ebola can cause fever, bleed-
ing, vomiting and diarrhoea and
spreads through contact with
bodily fluids such as blood or sa-
Duncans case put US health
authorities and the public on
alert over concern for the poten-
tial of the virus to spread from
Liberia and two other impover-
ished West African countries,
Guinea and Sierra Leone.
Three Americans contracted
Ebola in West Africa and were
flown to the United States for
treatment and later released:
Kent Brantly, Nancy Writebol
and Rick Sacra. A fourth un-
named American who contract-
ed Ebola in West Africa is being
treated at Emory University Hos-
pital in Atlanta.
President Barack Obama
called Dallas Mayor Mike Rawl-
ings on Thursday and pledged
federal agencies will remain in
close coordination and reiterat-
ed his confidence in Americas
doctors and national health in-
frastructure to handle this case
safely and effectively, White
House spokesman Eric Schultz
Officials have said the US
healthcare system is well pre-
pared to contain the hemorrhag-
ic fevers spread by careful track-
ing of those who have had con-
tact with Duncan, and employ-
ing appropriate care.
Dallas County officials said
the problem was much localised.
When I say local, I dont mean
Dallas. I mean a very specific
neighbourhood in the northeast
part of Dallas, Dallas Mayor
Rawlings told reporters.
Four people close to US Ebola patient quarantined
The Standard October 5 to 11 2014 15
16 The Standard October 5 to 11 2014
The Standard
October 5 to 11 2014
Hwange Colliery
moves to boost
SA apples flood Mbare wholesale market
ore than a third of the rev-
enue generated at Mbare
wholesale market in Au-
gust was realised from the sale of
products sourced from neighbour-
ing South Africa, a sustainable ag-
ribusiness solutions provider has
In a latest report eMKambo said
of the US$1 269 889,59 generated at
Mbare Musika in August, US$485
568 (38%) was generated from the
sale of products from South Afri-
eMKambo is an interactive mo-
bile, physical and web-based mar-
ket for agriculture and rural de-
velopment integrating the use of
mobile phones and the internet
to create, adapt and share knowl-
Local production of apples is
failing to meet demand, result-
ing in traders importing the com-
modity from South Africa. Since
Mbare is the biggest market in
Zimbabwe, imported products
end up going to other markets
like Chinhoyi, Bindura, Mutare
as well as rural growth points like
Gokwe and Mt Darwin, it said.
Stepping up local produc-
tion of apples and other import-
ed products will go a long way in
unlocking value and creating em-
Produce from Mashonaland
Central generated estimated reve-
nue of US$325 561,59, Manicaland
(US$153 838), Harare (US$102 676),
while US$78 000 was generated
from produce coming from Masv-
Farm produce from Mashona-
land East and Mashonaland West
had estimated revenue of US$75
600 and US$48 646 respectively.
eMKambo said 30 farmers vis-
ited the wholesale market and
had estimated revenue of US$182
336. On average each farmer took
home an average of US$6 077,87
per month.
How many people earn such
a figure in the formal white col-
lar economy? This goes to show
that improving agriculture per-
formance will result in higher in-
comes than many other economic
activities, eMKambo said.
eMKambo said 10 products were
supplied to the wholesale market
during the month of August.
It said without solid evidence
on all agriculture practices, in-
puts, outputs and outcomes, the
country would continue with the
notion that looks at agriculture as
a quick fix.
The agriculture sector does not
need quick fixes and short-term
results which do not take into ac-
count lessons that are already be-
ing learnt by farmers, traders,
transporters, consumers, artisans
and many other value network ac-
tors, it said.
In July, US$1,072,192 was gener-
ated at the Mbare wholesale mar-
ket. Of the estimated revenue gen-
erated, US$255 392 (24%) came
from onions sourced from South
wange Colliery Com-
pany Limited (HCCL)
has signed two memo-
randa of understand-
ing with two firms as
the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange-
listed company seeks to increase
its coke output.
The two MOUs were signed with
China National Chemical Engi-
neering Co. Limited (CNCEC) and
Afrochine (Pvt) Limited, a compa-
ny incorporated under the laws of
The MOUs shall remain in force
for a period of 24 months.
HCCL and CNCEC want to co-
operate across the entire value
chain, with an initial focus on
the supply, installation and com-
missioning of 50 000 tonnes per
month coke oven battery.
Phase 1 of the project involves
a capacity of 25 000 tonnes. The
capacity would be increased to 50
000 tonnes per month under Phase
2 of the project.
CNCEC is a technology and en-
gineering enterprise with qualifi-
cations in industrial engineering
covering integration of multidis-
ciplinary projects, investing and
financing, prospecting, design
and engineering, procurement
and construction.
CNCEC boasts of having un-
dertaken projects in the fields of
chemical, petrochemical, phar-
maceutical, power and coal indus-
try, among others.
HCCL and Afrochine will co-
operate across the entire value
chain. Initial focus will start with
the purchase of coke from HCCL
and investment in coke oven bat-
Afrochine, has two operational
ferrochrome electric arch smelt-
ing furnaces with an annual pro-
duction of 50 000 tonnes.
The furnaces were built during
the first phase of the ferrochrome
smelting plant. The second phase
will expand that capacity to an an-
nual production of 500 000 tonnes.
If the MOUs are translated into
agreements, the move would boost
coke output. In the half year end-
ed June 30 2014, coke sales volume
decreased to 18 363 tonnes from 25
839 in the same period last year.
The decrease was attributed to
the low production performance
of the aged coke oven battery that
had to be decommissioned.
HCCL managing director
Thomas Makore told Standard-
business discussions with Afro-
chine and CNCEC would increase
coke demand as well as making
the company have its own coke
oven battery.
If everything goes well, we
will have our own coke oven bat-
tery within 36 months, he said.
Following the decommission-
ing of its aged coke oven battery,
HCCL entered into a toll coking
agreement with South Mining
Company to mitigate the prob-
Apples... Constitute a large chunk of imported products at Mbare wholesale market
HCCL managing director Thomas Makore
Coke output decrease was attributed to the low
production performance of the aged coke oven
battery that had to be decommissioned
18 The Standard October 5 to 11 2014
Glencore halts
Zambia zinc
Liquidity crunch result of negative trade balance
JOHANNESBURG Global mining group
and commodities trader Glencore said on
Friday it was suspending its zinc unit in
Zambia and was cutting 169 jobs at the
mine amid a row over VAT tax.
Africas second-largest copper produc-
er is withholding a US$600 million in VAT
refunds owed to mining firms and will
only repay the cash when companies pro-
duce import certificates from destination
countries, the minister of mines said in
Finance minister Alexander Chikwan-
da said in August it planned to waive the
requirement because it is impractical. The
Zambia Revenue Authority says it is still
consulting with exporters before imple-
Glencore said in a statement it was plac-
ing Sable Zinc Kabwe under care and
maintenance which means operations
are being halted in response to the
current local economic environment in
Zambia, as well as the cash flow restric-
tions caused by the withholding of around
US$12 million in VAT refunds.
Aside from the lay-offs, Glencore also
said Sable was curtailing all expansion
capital projects.
Sable is working with affected em-
ployees to identify opportunities at oth-
er group companies in Zambia as well as
with other operations in the Kabwe area,
it said.
Job cuts are a thorny issue in Zambia
and the government of President Michael
Sata has previously threatened to revoke
the licences of companies that have said
they plan to trim headcount.Reuters
HE cash problems that are cur-
rently prevailing in the country
are partly as a result of the neg-
ative trade balance which stands
at US$1,768 billion, Industry and
Commerce minister Mike Bimha has said.
According to the Monetary Policy
Statement released by the Governor of
the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe on August
25 2014, we exported $1,228 billion of mer-
chandise as at 30 June 2014 (manufactured
goods), but imported US$3 billion of mer-
chandise as at 30 June 2014, he said.
Thus, for every dollar that we earned
in exports, we spent US$2,43 on imports.
Consequently, we had a negative trade bal-
ance of US$1,768 billion. This deficit is
partly the source of our liquidity prob-
lems, Bimha said at the Zimtrade annual
exporters conference last week.
Bimha said the country needed to in-
crease its export earnings in order to stem
demand for imported goods, but however,
noted that this required that the country
also produce goods that are not only attrac-
tive to the export market, but also to the lo-
cal market.
The creation of a national brand is,
therefore, a critical deliverable in the pro-
cess of promoting our exports and invest-
ments, he said.
The influx of imports has killed local in-
dustries that are failing to compete with
imported products.
The cost of production locally is high
due to other costs, such as the required in-
vestment in alternative energy sources in
the wake of power cuts.
This ultimately makes local products un-
In his mid-term fiscal policy review, Fi-
nance minister Patrick Chinamasa said
government acknowledges efforts to pro-
mote the consumption of local products.
Government, on its part, is instituting
measures to align public sector procure-
ment arrangements to the Buy Zimbabwe
campaign as necessary on its consumables
and those of institutions drawing on the
public purse, Chinamasa said.
Bimha said the conference, under the
theme Creating Brand Zimbabwe had
come at an opportune time when the
country needed unity of purpose to re-
brand after the battering of its image in
the international media during the last
15 years.
Bimha pointed out that the involvement
of the informal sector in building Brand
Zimbabwe was vital as they played a criti-
cal role in the creation of jobs and export
of products.
Industry stakeholders have a collec-
tive responsibility to ensure that SMEs
are provided with the necessary support
and technical assistance for their effective
participation in export business, Bimha
said, adding that SMEs had the potential
to develop and become meaningful con-
tributors to GDP and exports.
Industry and Commerce minister Mike Bimha
The Standard October 5 to 11 2014 19
Africas new investment hotspots
fricas Gross Domestic Product
is expected to grow by at least 5%
over the next decade or two, with
faster growing economies expe-
riencing growth of over 7% per
annum. This growth will be underpinned
by foreign direct investment (FDI) and ex-
tensive infrastructure spend.
United Nations Conference on Trade & De-
velopment (UNCTAD) reported in its World
Investment Report 2014 that in 2013 Africa re-
ceived US$57 billion in FDI, an increase of
4% over the prior year, spurred by investors
seeking new markets and infrastructure in-
vestments. When compared to the global flow
of US$1,45 trillion, this is tardy. However, the
growing middle class is driving investments
in consumer oriented industries, including
food, information technology, tourism, finan-
cial services and retail. FDI flow into Africa
will remain on an upward trend given Afri-
cas growing attractiveness to investors.
In southern Africa, South Africa and Mo-
zambique took the lion share, receiving
US$13 billion FDI flow. US$6,2 billion went
to East Africa, mainly to Kenya and Ethio-
pia. Persistent political and social tensions
in North Africa hampered investments,
though Sudan and Morocco registered solid
growth of FDI. Nigerias lower levels of FDI
reflected the retreat of foreign transnation-
als from the oil industry in that country.
In its 2014 Africa attractiveness survey,
Ernst & Young notes that there was signif-
icant movement in the list of top 10 coun-
tries by FDI projects in 2013. Only South
Africa and Nigeria retained their first and
third positions from 2012 with 142 projects
and 58 projects, respectively. Countries
such as Kenya with 68 projects, Ghana with
58 and Mozambique with 33 all moved up
the ranks. Zambia and Uganda made it into
the top 10 list in 2013 with 25 and 21 projects
respectively. It is noteworthy that previous-
ly shunned countries are becoming hot-
spots. They are obviously doing something
right and have the right opportunities with
attractive propositions.
Ghana, which ranks high on public in-
stitutions and government efficiency with
well-maintained and developed ports, goods
and financial markets, is a country that will
be found on the list of Africa investment
hotspots. Discovery of major offshore oil
reserves in 2007 got investors excited.
Kenya has been the East African invest-
ment darling supported by growing con-
sumerism and technology, media and tele-
coms (TMT). Kenya is becoming a TMT hub
underpinned by a US$14,5 billion hub, Kon-
za Technology City, dubbed Africas Sili-
con Savannah, being developed just out-
side of Nairobi. The recent discovery of oil
has added to the attractiveness of the coun-
try, which is hot on TMT, financial services,
tourism and consumer sectors.
Mozambique, which is recovering from a
protracted civil war, is on a path of industri-
alisation. Major capital and infrastructure
projects are underway underpinned by huge
coal deposits and offshore gas fields. It is es-
timated that infrastructure projects worth
US$34 billion are currently being developed
and constructed. Examples include the Bra-
zils Vale US$4,4 billion upgrade of the Na-
cala port and a 912km railway link. Mozam-
bique is seeking to develop a pipeline that
will link the largest natural gas discoveries
to neighbouring countries. Discoveries in
the Rovima Basin may make Mozambique
the worlds third largest exporter of lique-
fied natural gas (LNG). Its coastline stands
to become a natural gateway to internation-
al markets for neighbouring countries.
Nigeria has been experiencing signifi-
cant transformation. It is privatising state-
owned enterprises and has reformed its
banking sector. Its population of around
170 million makes it an attractive consum-
er market. Developments like the US$18 bil-
lion Abuja Centenary City, which is touted
as the single largest private foreign invest-
ment in Nigeria, signals the growing in-
vestor interest towards Nigeria. The City,
modelled after successful developments in
Dubai, Monaco, Shenzhen, Singapore and
Songdo, will incorporate a free trade zone,
duty-free regime, tax holidays and non-reg-
ulated banking services in an effort to boost
trade and investment in Nigeria.
Rwanda is making concerted efforts to im-
prove its business environment and it seems
it is getting it right. It also completed the con-
struction of a 2 300 km fibre optic network
which is connected to undersea cables in Kenya
and Tanzania. This will support development
of the TMT, financial services and communica-
tion services sectors. There is also a drive to up-
grade infrastructure across the country.
Tanzania has also been basking on devel-
opments associated with its offshore gas
fields and these have been rousing investor
interest. UNCTAD notes that Tanzania re-
corded the highest FDI in 2013 in East Af-
rica, with inflows of US$1,9 billion. There
are opportunities in TMT, financial servic-
es, retail and consumer products. In Ugan-
da, the burgeoning consumer market is at-
tracting consumer product companies into
the country while oil fields and agro-sector
are entrenching investor interest.
The worlds third largest copper produc-
er, Zambia, is investing heavily on infra-
structure to support manufacturing, ag-
ribusiness, and utilities while privatising
state-owned enterprises. The country will
establish a sovereign wealth fund to sup-
port the initiative to diversify the economy
and reduce dependence on copper.
A trend that is coming out is that there is a
significant shift away from extractive indus-
tries towards consumer-related sectors, TMT,
financial services sectors which are becom-
ing the most attractive growth sectors. How-
ever, the resource-driven sectors will remain
the highest potential industries as can been
seen from the investments towards the sec-
tor. Governments across the continent have
stepped up investment spending towards so-
cial and economic infrastructure.
l Nesbert Ruwo is an investment
banker based in South Africa. He can be
contacted on
in the
THERE is a significant shift
away from extractive
industries towards consumer
related sectors, TMT, financial
services sectors which are
becoming the most
attractive growth sectors
Components of a perfect business plan
20 The Standard October 5 to 11 2014
FIND a purpose in life so big it will
challenge every capacity to be at
your best. Davis O McKay
n November 1991 a rare weath-
er phenomenon occurred in
the east coast of the United
States and Atlantic Canada.
Hurricane Grace was making
waves off the Atlantic Ocean. As
it was slowing down, something
extraordinary happened. A sec-
ond storm started brewing, fed
by the contrast between cold air
to the North West and warm air
from the remnants of Hurricane
Grace. The absorption of Hurri-
cane Grace by the new storm cre-
ated a very large weather event
which became known as the per-
fect storm, the largest seen in over
half a century. A dictionary de-
fines a perfect storm as a con-
fluence of events that drastically
aggravates a situation.
When it comes to business
plans, there are some factors that
together help create a perfect or
effective business plan.
A comment I hear often is why
would I need a business plan if
I am not getting funding from a
bank? Or, So and so started his
business without any business
plan and he is very successful.
Most successful business build-
ers will attest to the importance
of a business plan as they realise
it is not just a fundraising tool. It
is a roadmap to your business fu-
ture. Lack of a written plan means
you will end up where you are go-
ing, not where you want to go.
The first component of a per-
fect business plan is a set of clear
goals. The business plan devel-
opment process is the most effec-
tive way of setting business goals.
Clarity of goals helps focus your
mind and direct your actions to-
ward achieving the goals.
The best goals are those that are
measurable as they enable you
to monitor progress over time. A
simple way is to start with finan-
cial goals, as they are the stand-
ard way of measuring business
performance. For example, say
you set your goal as the achieve-
ment of an annual net income
of US$100 000 by the end of five
years. You then work backwards
to determine the gross revenue
you need to generate that income.
For example, if you sell mobile
phones that give you a margin of
US$10 each, you know that your
sales target should be at least 10
000 units before covering fixed or
unavoidable costs such as rentals
and salaries.
This goal is easily measured, as
you simply look at your month-
ly unit sales to see if you are on
track to meet the annual target.
When you find your sales lagging
behind, you take action to catch
up. You may need to act on your
marketing tactics in order to in-
crease sales.
The good thing is you know
where you are standing in com-
parison to where you want to go.
So you can change course or in-
crease speed in order to stay along
the critical path. Of course some
goals may be too lofty and may
need to be revised downwards.
There is nothing wrong with
changing your plan in response to
wrong assumptions or a changing
The second component of a per-
fect business plan is a definition
of your value proposition. Many
people do not take the time to de-
fine it but value proposition is the
key element that makes custom-
ers buy from you and it separates
your business from the competi-
You dont have to create a new
invention. However, you can be
successful by adding new value
to old products or services. Take
good old bread for example. When
the country dollarised, the price
of a loaf became pegged at a dol-
lar. This became a generally ac-
cepted price. Until some Chinese
entrepreneurs discovered that
many low income families were
not buying bread because a dollar
a day was just too much for them.
The Chinese then started bak-
ing cheaper bread, selling it at
fifty cents for a loaf. Scattered
all over the country, the Chinese
are thriving in the bakery busi-
ness because they discovered a
way of reducing the cost of bread
and thus creating value for low in-
come customers.
Cutting costs is not the only in-
novation you can implement to
add to your value proposition. You
can add new features that certain
niche groups appreciate and are
willing to pay a bit extra for. Some
entrepreneurs have discovered
that delivering lunches on time to
busy executives in their offices is
a profitable value proposition.
While one fast-growing new
business in the United States de-
livers razor blades weekly to near-
ly 800 000 men whose wives often
forget to take care of their shav-
ing supplies. (Inc magazine Octo-
ber 2014)
A clear business goal and an ex-
cellent value proposition togeth-
er will contribute to a success-
ful business. But you can only
work out these components when
you take the time to write down a
business plan. Next week, I will
describe three more components
which, when combined with the
two in this weeks article, will
surely create the perfect storm
of your business idea.
Please let me have your feed-
back; and dont forget that there
are more resources at my website
l Phillip Chichoni is a consult-
ant who helps SMEs and entrepre-
neurs start and build sustainable
businesses. You may contact him
via email: chichonip@smebusi- You can also visit
The Chinese are thriving in the bakery business because they discovered a way of
reducing the cost of a loaf of bread from US$1 to US$0,50.
International News
The Standard October 5 to 11 2014 21
to take up
NDIAS four million feder-
al government staff and mil-
lions of schoolchildren have
taken up brooms and dusters
to spearhead a drive to clean
up the country.
The nationwide campaign was
launched to coincide with the
birthday of independence leader
Mahatma Gandhi.
The day is traditionally cele-
brated as a national holiday, but
this year civil servants and pu-
pils in government-run schools
are not having time off. Instead,
they are busy sweeping away the
dirt and dust in their offices and
schools and even cleaning the
And many of the civil servants
are not happy about it.
The cleanliness drive is being
led by Prime Minister Naren-
dra Modi on Thursday morn-
ing he was seen with a broom in
hand, sweeping clean a part of a
street in Valmiki Nagar, the larg-
est sweeper colony in the capi-
tal, Delhi, while launching the
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Clean
India Campaign).
In his independence day ad-
dress to the nation on August
15, Modi spoke of how bothered
he was by the all-pervasive filth
around him.
After so many years of inde-
pendence, do we still want to live
in filthiness? Cant we resolve this
much? he asked.
Gandhi, revered in the country
as the father of the nation, was
known to be finicky about clean-
liness and hygiene.
What better way to pay tribute
to the Mahatma than by launch-
ing a plan to Clean India on his
birthday, Modi asked, and vowed
that by 2019 when India cele-
brates the 150
anniversary of
Gandhis birth we will have a
country where there is not even a
speck of dirt in our village, city,
street, area, school, temple and
To ensure the success of the
event, the government began a
major outreach programme days
in advance.
Advertisements were placed in
major newspapers for the past few
days, urging people to come for-
ward in large numbers to par-
ticipate, and in the run-up to the
formal launch of the campaign,
photographs of broom-wielding
bureaucrats and ministers have
appeared in newspapers and on
television news.
One report said that govern-
ment offices were scrambling to
get hold of brooms, dusters and
dustbins while some were buy-
ing a dozen, others were getting
70-80 depending on staff numbers.
All staff were requested to
come to work on Thursday by 9am
and take a cleanliness pledge,
promising to devote at least 100
hours every year or two hours
a week to cleaning up, then pick
up the broom and start cleaning
immediately. As proof, before and
after photographs have to be sub-
But Thursday was meant to
kick off a long holiday week-
end with the Hindu festival of
Dussehra falling on Friday and
the Muslim festival of Eid on
Monday (tomorrow) and the
government decision to make all
its staff work has not gone down
well with many.
A lot of the staff are resentful
at missing out on the long week-
end people had made holiday
plans in advance, booked flights
and train tickets, one senior bu-
reaucrat who did not want to be
named said.
Also, all requests for leave are
being rejected. You can take leave
now only if you have a death in
the family.
The main goal of the pro-
gramme, the government says,
is to end open defecation in the
country nearly half of Indias
1,2 billion people have no access
to toilets and Modi has promised
to build toilets in every school and
provide every home with a toilet
over the next five years.
Its a massive challenge will
he be able to keep the promise?
The exercise is expected to
cost 620 billion rupees (US$10bn;
6,1bn) the government has
earmarked 146 million rupees
and expects to get the remaining
amount from the corporate sector,
international development organ-
isations and elsewhere.
But just building toilets is not
going to change India, which is of-
ten described as being among the
dirtiest countries in the world.
Indians are regularly berated
for their general lack of hygiene.
Parts of all the countrys cities,
including the capital Delhi, Mum-
bai and Calcutta have been turned
into open urinals, and towns are
choking under mounds of gar-
bage. Many rivers, including the
sacred Ganges, have been turned
into sewers.
Most Indians dont think twice
before littering the streets and
parks and spit whenever and
wherever they like.
So will Modis plan to get bu-
reaucrats and schoolchildren to
wield the broom help clean up In-
dia? Or, as some critics say, is it
mere symbolism, just a publici-
ty stunt?
I dont think its a publici-
ty stunt, I think Modi genuinely
means to clean up the country,
says Umesh Anand, publisher of
Civil Society magazine.
Anand believed that starting
Thursday, when millions of peo-
ple watched the campaign unfold
on TV, the message got through
at least to some.
Its very important to have that
kind of symbolism, he says.
BBC News
Millions of schoolchildren took the pledge to keep India clean at the launch of the campaign
Filth everywhere . . . .India is often described as one of the dirtiest countries in the world
Education minister Smriti Irani with her broom to support the campaign
The main goal of the programme is to end
open defecation in the country. Nearly half of
Indias 1,2 billion people have no access to
Prime Minister Narendra Modi led the Clean India campaign from Delhis largest
sweeper colony
Putin crackdown triggers brain drain
International News
22 The Standard October 5 to 11 2014
he increasingly harsh
and reactionary political
climate in Putins Rus-
sia has sparked a wave of
emigration among mid-
dle-class professionals, including
several leading journalists.
Russia has seen this before
from the departure of left-wing
revolutionaries in Tsarist times
and the writers and artists who
fled after the October 1917 revolu-
tion to the great brain drain that
accompanied the collapse of the
Soviet Union at the start of the
The latest wave stems from the
crackdown on the liberal opposi-
tion and independent media that
followed Vladimir Putins re-elec-
tion as president in March 2012.
More than 186 000 people left
Russia in 2013, five times as many
as two years earlier, according
to state statistics agency figures
quoted by business magazine
Sekret Firmy.
A recent UN report notes that
around 40 000 Russians applied
for asylum in 2013, 76% more than
in 2012.
Among those packing their bags
have been former world chess
champion and opposition activ-
ist Garry Kasparov, top economist
Sergei Guriyev and social media
whizz kid Pavel Durov.
Another is Leonid Bershidsky,
who worked at several of Russias
leading business publications, in-
cluding Vedomosti, and was latter-
ly editor of liberal website slon.
Bershidsky recalled in a Fa-
cebook post in June how he had
come back to Russia from uni-
versity in America in the 1990s
with the hope of creating a real
press, the sort that in Ameri-
ca publishes the Snowden revela-
tions or in Europe stops ministers
from getting away with misusing
official credit cards.
Now, though, he has gone to live
in Germany.
He now writes in English for
US business publication Bloomb-
erg and says even reading in Rus-
sian or Ukrainian has become an
ordeal amid the welter of prop-
aganda pouring out of the two
Russia still has a smattering
of independent media, including
newspaper Novaya Gazeta, niche
TV station Dozhd and radio sta-
tion Ekho Moskvy.
But they are dwindling almost
by the month as the Kremlin
cracks down.
Independent news agency Novy
Region was one of a number of
media that have come under pres-
sure because of their coverage of
the Ukraine crisis. Its founder Al-
exander Shchetinin has now tak-
en up residence in Kiev and has
declared that he is planning to re-
nounce his Russian citizenship
and become a citizen of Ukraine.
The spur for this decision was
the experience of watching Rus-
sian state TV.
The more I watched, the more
I became convinced that nothing
can be remedied here, he wrote
in Ukrainian magazine Novoye
Vremya. It will take generations
to cleanse peoples souls of the ef-
fects of this radioactive TV.
State TV has also played its part
in creating a hostile atmosphere
towards journalists.
In August, Gazprom-Medias
NTV aired two films branding a
number of leading cultural fig-
ures as friends of the junta
Russian state TVs term for the
government in Kiev.
Among those targeted were
writers and journalists Dmitry
Bykov, Viktor Shenderovich and
Andrei Malgin.
One of the many Russian jour-
nalists who have been physical-
ly attacked because of their work
is Oleg Kashin, a former column-
ist with heavyweight broadsheet
He was badly beaten up outside
his Moscow home in 2010, spend-
ing several weeks in hospital as a
Kashin now lives in Switzer-
land, where he moved in 2013 af-
ter his wife got a job there. Mak-
ing the move was made easier by
two things first the internet,
which allows him to continue to
function as a journalist; and sec-
ond the dearth of openings for in-
dependent journalists these days
in Moscow.
There is really nowhere for me
to write, no place where I would
even fantasise about working, he
told liberal magazine Afisha.
Emigre journalists like Oleg
Kashin and Leonid Bershidsky
have come under fire from some
colleagues. Writing on Facebook
in June, former TV presenter An-
ton Krasovsky said it was an act
of egotism because it meant
abandoning friends and family.
But for some journalists it is
the only feasible means to contin-
ue their careers.
Galina Timchenko was sacked
in March as editor-in-chief of top
news website after pub-
lishing an interview with a mem-
ber of Ukrainian ultra-nationalist
group Right Sector.
She is now working on a new
website called Meduza to be
launched later this month from
the Latvian capital, Riga, with
some of the finance coming from
Russias most famous current ex-
ile, former oil boss Mikhail Kho-
A colleague, Ilya Krasilshchik,
told the Russian version of Forbes
magazine: It is simply the case
at the moment that in Latvia it is
possible to create an independent
Russian-language media outlet,
whereas in Russia it is not.
They appear upbeat about the
prospects of Meduza. But many
emigre journalists express a
sense of disappointment and dis-
belief at how Russian society has
changed over the past decade and
a half.
It is an emigration of disillu-
sionment, Leonid Bershidsky
Oleg Kashin (right) speaks to then President Medvedev in 2011, months after he was brutally attacked.
A recent UN report notes that around 40 000
Russians applied for asylum in 2013, 76% more
than in 2012
n Oklahoma man accused
of beheading a woman af-
ter being fired has been
charged with first-degree mur-
Alton Nolen (30), could face
the death penalty for what pros-
ecutors are calling an act of re-
venge for a complaint that got
him fired.
Nolen allegedly returned to a
packing plant in Moore, Okla-
homa, with a knife after being
fired, killing one and injuring
He was shot by a reserve po-
lice officer and was brought to
Police in Moore say Nolen had
openly admitted to both the
beheading of Colleen Hufford
(54), and the attempt to kill Tra-
ci Johnson (43), according to the
Oklahoman newspaper.
He may be released from hos-
pital and transported to a local
jail within the next day, police
told the newspaper.
Prosecutor Greg Mashburn
said he would vigorously pros-
ecute the murder charge but
that it was more appropriate to
leave any questions about a pos-
sible terrorism link to federal
Mashburn added that Nolen
had some sort of infatuation
with beheadings. It seemed to be
related to his interest in killing
someone that way.
Other than that, it seemed to
be related to his being suspend-
ed earlier in the day.
According to police, Nolen
was fired after Traci Johnson
complained she had an alterca-
tion with him about him not
liking white people.
Nolen left for home, retrieved
a knife, and returned to get re-
venge, Mashburn said.
The accuseds mother and
sister posted a video message
over the weekend saying they
were shocked by the allegations
against him.
My son was raised up in a
loving home. My son was raised
up believing in God, his moth-
er, Joyce Nolen, said in the vid-
Our hearts bleed right now
because of what theyre saying
Alton has done.
Nolen was released from pris-
on in March 2013 after serving
two years of a six-year sentence
for multiple charges, including
assaulting a police officer and
possession of cocaine with in-
tent to distribute, according to
prison records. BBC
Oklahoma man charged with murder
Cleveland County District Attorney Greg Mashburn said he would vigorously
prosecute the murder charge.
AUTHORITIES in Idaho are
seeking a truck driver who held
37 000 pounds of frozen chicken
for ransom demanding money
for expenses before he let it rot
at a truck stop in Montana where
it is releasing putrid odours and
liquids, police said.
The refrigerated semi-trail-
er containing the chicken was
to arrive in Washington State
last month. The shipment was
arranged by an Idaho trucking
firm that got into a dispute with
its driver, who tried to extort
money to deliver the load before
abandoning it, said Joe Ramirez,
detective sergeant with the po-
lice department in Nampa, Ida-
Noxious fumes and juices ooz-
ing from the semi-trailer de-
tached from the tractor being
sought as a stolen vehicle were
reported to authorities in Mis-
soula earlier this week during a
warming trend in which temper-
atures climbed into the 1980s.
An inspection of the trail-
er by the Missoula City-Coun-
ty Health Department revealed
it was a little smelly, but the
chicken was not a hazard since
no one was seeking to salvage it
for food, said Alisha Johnson, an
environmental health specialist
with the agency.
The load, once valued at US$80
000, could be towed to a landfill
for disposal last week, she said.
It was unclear how long the
chicken was parked at the truck
stop west of Missoula before the
driver flew the coop.
Dixie River Freight in Nampa
reported the rig missing on Au-
gust 27 and stolen in early Sep-
tember when the driver went to-
tally off the radar after repeat-
edly demanding his employers
transfer funds into his account
to pay for fuel and other trans-
port costs, Ramirez said.
The company told police the
driver said at one point he would
not deliver the load as planned
to Kent, Washington, unless it
came up with a certain amount
of money, which Ramirez said
could be seen as technically, ex-
Police did not say how much
money he was demanding.
Trucker demands ransom for
chicken load, leaves it to rot
International News
The Standard October 5 to 11 2014 23
Bosnia helps
ORTY years ago, Maria
Georgiadis lost her whole
family her mother, her
father, her sister and her
brother. But she has nev-
er been able to lay their bodies to
Georgiadis, a Greek Cypriot,
was 28 years old at the time and
was living in the capital of Cy-
prus, Nicosia, with her husband
and two young children.
The rest of her family lived
10km away in Kythrea, but in Au-
gust 1974 after a Greek-inspired
coup and intervention by Turkish
troops, their village became part
of a Turkish-Cypriot enclave.
For two months, she tried to
find out what had happened to
her relatives. Eventually her fears
were confirmed when she saw
their names listed in a local news-
paper they had all been killed.
Its as though something is
missing. For a long time I was
waiting for a knock on the door,
for them to come in. Now I just
want them to be in one place,
where I can go and place some
flowers, says Georgiadis.
Today, aged 69, with children
and grandchildren of her own,
she wants a proper funeral and a
grave to visit where she can light
a candle.
For years, the issue of the miss-
ing in Cyprus was mired in poli-
tics, and with little communica-
tion between Greek and Turkish
Cypriots it wasnt until 2007 that
they could even agree on an offi-
cial list of who had disappeared.
Since then the UN-backed Com-
mittee of Missing Persons (CMP)
made up of a representative
from both communities as well
as UN representative Paul-Henri
Arni, has been leading the search
for burial sites and organising the
excavation, exhumation and iden-
tification of bodies.
Since 2007, 571 bodies have been
found, identified and returned to
their families. That means the rel-
atives of a further 1 430 missing
Cypriots still wait for news.
These things are very sensi-
tive. We are dealing with people
who didnt fall from a bicycle, but
people who were killed So its
normal that it takes a lot of time,
says Arni.
With time running out for the
remaining relatives, there is a
renewed push to identify burial
sites and speed up the identifica-
tion of remains.
Ive seen women raped, detain-
ees tortured, people losing limbs,
their house, their country. All
these sufferings of war can heal
with time, but not if your son or
father doesnt come home for din-
ner for 30 or 40 years. Its the only
wound of war that gets worse
with time, he says.
The CMP recently decided to
tap into the expertise developed
at a laboratory in Sarajevo. The
centre in Bosnia Herzegovina spe-
cialises in extracting DNA from
bone samples and matching them
with genetic material from living
Run by the International Com-
mission on Missing Persons (ICMP),
this laboratory was set up in 1996 af-
ter the war in the former Yugoslavia
left 40 000 people missing.
The ICMP helped to identify al-
most 30 000 of them using DNA
techniques, and since then has
shared expertise with scientists in
conflict zones and places hit by nat-
ural disasters around the world.
Now, as bodies are exhumed in
Cyprus, bone samples are sent to
Sarajevo for DNA matching.
In the conflicts in both coun-
tries, killers dumped bodies in
mass graves, and then to try to
hide their crimes, moved them,
sometimes several times, to dif-
ferent sites. Remains were mixed
up and the only way to reassemble
the broken bodies so they could be
identified was to use DNA.
In the former Yugoslavia, even
when families buried incomplete
bodies, further agony could follow
when additional remains were
then recovered.
One lady described the hell
of burying her son, one bone at
a time, says Adam Boys, at the
Its heart-breaking. They say,
My son went away alive, and I
want him back alive, they cant
accept it.
One mother has in her fridge
a jar of Nivea cream, wrapped up
for protection in plastic bags. The
only evidence her son exists is the
fingerprint he left when he was
taking cream out of the jar.
The CMP in Cyprus has fam-
ily counsellors to support rela-
tives over the years as they wait
for news each time a potential
burial site is discovered, hopes
are raised.
Georgiadis has been to five exca-
vations. Every time my heart
was beating in my breast and I was
asking will it be now? But nothing.
Still I hope that before I die I will
be able to bury them.
I have told my children, If
they are found after I die, please
put their remains with me.
In January this year a mass grave
was uncovered at a Cypriot stone
quarry in Pareklissia near Limas-
sol families lined the hills above
the site, hoping to see the bones of
the men and teenage boys who had
been abducted, taken from a bus
and killed 40 years earlier.
So far, 35 bodies have been re-
covered from this site and partial
remains sent to the Sarajevo labo-
ratory for analysis.
The skull is a very important
body part to relatives, says Zili-
ha Uluboy, a clinical psychologist
with the CMP.
Its the face. When they dont
see this they feel very bad.
In Cyprus, the CMP arranged
immunity from prosecution for
those who come forward with in-
formation about where the bodies
of the missing are hidden.
But evidence is hard to come
by. In some cases those involved
in the killings are still alive and
many people are afraid to talk.
As the decades pass, the physi-
cal landscape changes too, and it
becomes harder and harder to lo-
cate hidden graves as memories
fade and new building alters and
sometimes obscures completely,
burial sites.
One woman on the island,
Sevgul Uludag, is credited by both
the Greek and Turkish commu-
nities as having had a vital role,
over the past 12 years, in finding
the missing.
An investigative journalist with
a popular blog, she carries two
mobile phones one for Turkish
Cypriots and the other for Greek
Cypriots to call her, anonymously,
with information.
Uludag receives thousands of
calls a year about possible bur-
ial sites she alerts the CMP
and investigations begin. She
has helped locate hundreds of
But this voluntary, unpaid work
has put her at risk and shes had
death threats from people who
carried out the killings and those
trying to protect them.
They said, We will shoot you
from behind, we will break your
legs, arms, cut your tongue. A car
will come and hit you. But I persist-
ed because I knew once the barrier
broke, information would flow in
and it would bring relief to people,
she says. For Uludag, the fate of the
missing people in Cyprus and the
families waiting for them must not
be reduced to just numbers.
After 44 years, Turkish Cypri-
ots, Veli Beidoghlou and his sis-
ters, Sifa and Muge, were, final-
ly, able to lay their father, Arturo
Veli, to rest.
In May 1964, when Veli Bei-
doghlou was just four, his father
was abducted leaving their young
mother a widow.
He had been the manager of
Barclays Bank in whats now the
abandoned town of Varosha near
In 2005, Sevgul Uludag told Bei-
doghlou that the CMP was exca-
vating a mass grave down a dry
well, in what used to be orange
groves in the southern part of
Arturos body was discovered
with five others. He had been shot
three times. One bullet wound was
clearly visible in his head the
others were in his pelvis and torso.
The family knew it was him
immediately his wedding ring
was still on his finger and they
also recognised the tie hanging
round his neck. But it took three
years to work through the formal
identification process.
Finally, in 2008, the family was
able to bury Arturo in Nicosia
cemetery, his grave alongside the
other murdered men whod been
dumped down the same well.
For their mother, the discovery
of his body was a deep shock.
In the beginning she didnt
want to believe it. There were
flashbacks and memories fresh-
ened up, a lot of sadness even
though, at the same time it brings
the relief of knowing, says Muge.
For Veli Beidoghlou too, finding
their missing father has closed
one chapter but opened another.
I know why he died, but I still
want to know exactly how it hap-
pened, he says.
Varosha, where Arturo Veli
worked, was once a popular sea-
side resort that attracted the rich
and famous. Its residents fled 40
years ago and the place is now a
ghost town.BBC World Service
Today, aged 69, with children and grandchildren of her own, Maria Georgiadis wants a proper funeral and a grave to visit where she
can light a candle.
Killers dumped bodies in mass graves, and
then to try to hide their crimes, moved them,
sometimes several times, to different sites
Nigerias Boko Haram killed leader appears in new video
ABUJA A man claiming to be
Boko Haram leader Abubakar
Shekau appeared in a new video
on Thursday, contradicting Nige-
rian military reports that he had
been killed.
In the video, a figure in boots
and combat fatigues who looks
similar to the man claiming to
be Shekau in previous videos
says, Here I am, alive and I will
remain alive until the day Allah
takes my breath.
Even if you kill me . . .it will
not stop us imposing Islamic rule
. . .We are still in our Islamic state,
reigning and teaching the Koran.
Nigerias military said last
week that the man who had been
posing as Shekau in the groups
growing number of videos had
been killed in clashes over the
town of Konduga.
The military announced the
death of Shekau a year ago, say-
ing he had died in battle.
After that, the man appearing
in videos as Shekau did look dif-
ferent than in previous images,
with a wider nose, less defined
bridge and a rounder face.
In the most recent video, this
Shekau says nothing will kill me
until my days are over . . .Some
people asked you if Shekau has
two lives. No, I have one life.
In a statement on its website,
Nigerias Defence Headquarters
said the video did not indicate
when it was shot with a screen
time or date or provide any proof
that Shekau was alive.
As far as we are concerned,
the individual who was appear-
ing in video and claiming to be
the leader of the terrorist group
was killed in the Kondunga battle
in September.
The resemblance of the
corpse and that of the eccentric
character was incontrovertible.
His identity was equally corrob-
orated by people who knew him
before we announced his death.
Boko Haram, whose violent
five-year campaign for an Islamic
state has killed thousands, has in
the past two months progressed
from bombings, raids and kidnap-
pings to trying to seize territory
in remote areas near the Came-
roon border, possibly inspired by
similar moves by Sunni Islamist
militants in Iraq and Syria.
The military has had mixed re-
sults trying to push back the mil-
itants, and low morale, a lack of
discipline and poor equipment
have hurt its ability to fight effec-
tively. Reuters
We all thought
we were going
to die: survivor
Modern slavery rises in UK led by sex, labour trafcking: Study
International News
24 The Standard October 5 to 11 2014
ONDON The light was
fading so quickly that
Mohammed Kazkji lost
count of the number of
people drowning around
I was terrified as it was getting
dark and I thought no one would
come for us, the 22-year-old stu-
dent fleeing from Damascus, Syr-
ia, said.
People were crying and
screaming and trying to grab
hold of anything to stay afloat,
he said, as figures were released
to show a record number of 3 072
migrants have drowned so far this
year trying to cross the Mediter-
ranean Sea.
Kazkji, an engineering student,
was travelling with more than 400
migrants from Syria and Pales-
tine on October 11 last year when
the trawler carrying them from
Libya capsized and sank close to
the Italian island of Lampedusa.
He knew how to swim and was
eventually rescued, but could
only watch in horror as people
died around him with an estimat-
ed 200 people missing from the
We all thought we were going
to die . . .many did, said Kazkji in
a telephone interview from Malta
where he is struggling to eke out
a living with no legal work status.
Figures released by the Inter-
national Organisation for Migra-
tion (IOM) this week revealed the
death toll in the Mediterranean
Sea has risen significantly this
year, up from 2 360 in 2013.
The report came almost a year
after two shipwrecks off Lampe-
dusa, on October 3 and October
11 last year, in which about 500
people in total died. Lampedusa,
which lies just 113km from the
north African coast, has been a
stepping stone for migrants try-
ing to reach mainland Europe for
two decades.
Amnesty International has
called on European Union (EU)
countries to respond to the ris-
ing number of fatalities in these
treacherous crossings and com-
mit greater resources for migrant
rescues before many more lives
are lost.
Civil war in Syria, forced mili-
tary conscription in Eritrea, and
the breakdown of order in Libya
are pushing record numbers of
refugees and migrants like Kaz-
kji to try to flee across the Medi-
terranean to Europe, often in rick-
ety boats.
Smugglers are charging be-
tween US$2 000 and US$4 000 a
person for passage, according to
the IOM report.
My father urged me to leave
Syria so I would not have to kill or
be killed in war, and many people
I know dream of going to Europe
for the same reason, said Kazkji,
who said his ambition was to fin-
ish his engineering degree in Eu-
John Dalhuisen, Europe and
Central Asia programme direc-
tor of Amnesty, said in a state-
ment that Europe could not ig-
nore the tragedy unfolding on its
More search and rescue ves-
sels in the central Mediterranean,
with the clear mandate of saving
lives in the high seas and resourc-
es adequate to the task thats
what the EU and its members
must urgently provide, he said.
Italys navy has been patrolling
the waters between Africa and
Sicily since the deaths last Octo-
ber, saving more than 90 000 lives
in the past year, but has called for
more help.
Amnestys report, presented to
the European Parliament, urged
the EU to change its asylum pol-
icy, which puts the onus on bor-
der countries like Italy and Malta
to take in refugees, and establish
safe ways for migrants and refu-
gees to reach Europe.
Regardless of the dangers
and of EU measures to keep
them out, refugees and migrants
will continue to risk their lives
and the lives of their children
fleeing their war-torn, rights vi-
olating or economically strug-
gling countries of origin, Dal-
huisen said.
Thomson Reuters Foundation
Migrants take shelter from the sun before disembarking a coast guard ship at the Sicilian harbour of Augusta on August 26 2014.
REUTERS/Antonio Parrinello
My father urged me to leave Syria so I would
not have to kill or be killed in war, and many
people I know dream of going to Europe for
the same reason
ONDON The number of
people locked in slavery in
Britain rose by 22% last year,
with online dating, social media
sites and Internet job advertise-
ments used increasingly to recruit
victims, a new report showed on
Britains National Crime Agen-
cy (NCA) identified 2 744 people,
including 602 children, as poten-
tial victims of human trafficking
in 2013 with more than 40% end-
ing up in the sex trade and almost
30% forced into manual labour.
The third annual human traf-
ficking report listed Romania as
the most prevalent country of or-
igin for victims for the third con-
secutive year, with more than half
exploited for sex, and Poland as
the most common country for la-
bour trafficking.
Although the number of vic-
tims of slavery in Britain is hard
to pin down, studies have shown
there has been an increase in hu-
man trafficking in recent years,
prompting the government to pre-
pare a bill to more effectively tack-
le slavery offences.
Karen Bradley, who was ap-
pointed modern slavery and or-
ganised crime minister earlier
this year, described modern slav-
ery as an appalling crime that has
no place in todays society.
Yet these figures show it is tak-
ing place here often out of sight
in shops, fields, building sites
and behind the curtains of ordinary
streets, Bradley said in a statement
as the NCA report was released.
Almost 30 million people are en-
slaved worldwide, trafficked into
brothels, forced into manual la-
bour, victims of debt bondage or
born into servitude, according to
rights group Walk Free Founda-
tion that produces the Global Slav-
ery Index.
It estimated that between 4 200
and 4 600 are enslaved in the Unit-
ed Kingdom.
The NCA report found 41% of
victims identified in Britain last
year were trafficked for sexual
exploitation, up from 35% a year
earlier, while the number of those
forced into manual labour rose to
27% from 22% in 2012.
The number of victims from Al-
bania, Slovakia and Lithuania in-
creased significantly last year, the
NCA said, while the number traf-
ficked from Vietnam and Hungary
also rose slightly.
Another shift was also the num-
ber of victims from Thailand
which jumped to 89 from nine a
year earlier, making it one of the
10 countries with the largest num-
bers trafficked to Britain.
Liam Vernon, head of the Unit-
ed Kingdom Human Trafficking
Centre, said the NCA was work-
ing closely with a range of part-
ners to tackle this disturbing
The National Crime Agency
is committed to continually dis-
rupting what is a vicious and
criminal trade in human misery,
which exploits the most vulnera-
ble people, both here and abroad,
for financial gain, Vernon said
in a statement.
The NCA, Britains equivalent
of the US Federal Bureau of In-
vestigation, came into operation
last October with the aim of bet-
ter coordinating police action on
issues such as child sex abuse and
organised crime.
Thomson Reuters Foundation
Migrants are pictured before disembarking a coast guard ship at the Sicilian harbour of
Augusta on August 26 2014. REUTERS/Antonio Parrinello
Karen Bradley
The Standard October 5 to 11 2014 25
Sport & gender: A
history of bad science
& biological racism
IFE looked pretty good for
Dutee Chand this July.
Having become the first
Indian sprinter to reach a final at
a global athletics event in 2013, the
18-year-old was already the nation-
al champion at 100m and 200m, and
an Asian Games bronze medallist.
Such was the excitement about
her potential that the Sports Au-
thority of Indias director gener-
al Jiji Thomson described her as a
sure shot Olympic medallist of
the future, and a place in a final on
her Commonwealth Games debut
looked within her reach.
But then, less than a fortnight
before the opening ceremony in
Glasgow, she failed a test that
had nothing to do with fitness,
form or even doping, and was dra-
matically withdrawn from the na-
tional team.
Like South African 800m sensa-
tion Caster Semenya before her,
Chand discovered in bold news-
print that she had natural levels
of the hormone testosterone nor-
mally only found in men. It did not
take long before reporters were
outside her parents humble home
asking them and her six siblings if
she was a boy or a girl.
Now, almost three months later,
Chand is in limbo, unable to join
the Indian team at the 2014 Asian
Games, and unwilling to subject
herself to the corrective treat-
ment (hormone suppression ther-
apy and sometimes even genital
surgery) prescribed by the Inter-
national Association of Athletics
Federations (Iaaf), International
Olympic Committee (IOC) and oth-
er leading sports bodies.
I am who I am, says Chand
with a mixture of defiance and
Instead of the sprinter she has
spent years training to be, she has
become the focus of a challenge to
sports rules on gender, a cause cel-
ebre and evidence in a scientific
debate about testosterone.
A history of suspicion
Concerns about men masquer-
ading as women to win medals
have been around for almost as
long as women have been allowed
to play sport, which is surprising
given how rare it is. In fact, the
last case most people can agree
on is German high jumper Dora/
Heinrich Ratjen. He nearly won a
bronze medal at the 1936 Olympics.
Undeterred by the unlikelihood
of a man successfully passing him-
self off as a woman, the IOC start-
ed comprehensive gender verifi-
cation testing in 1968.
Initially, this was done by ask-
ing female athletes to drop their
underwear, but eventually a less
humiliating method was found:
checking swabs of cheek tissue for
chromosomes, women being XX,
men XY.
Unfortunately, Mother Nature is
not as black-and-white as your typ-
ical blazer would like his competi-
tions to be, and it turns out there
are a dozen different conditions
that would once have been lumped
under hermaphrodite, but are
now referred to by the less pejora-
tive term of intersex, or disorders
of sexual development.
Sport first cottoned on to this
when Spanish hurdler Maria Jose
Martinez-Patino was told in 1985
that she was an XY man, but re-
fused to quit or feign injury (as it is
widely believed many had before)
and spent the next three years
fighting ignorance and ridicule to
line up alongside women again.
She got there in the end, proving
her Y chromosomes were the prod-
uct of a rare genetic syndrome.
She was also able to show that her
condition meant she was insensi-
tive to testosterone: it was in her
blood, but it was no good to her.
Sadly, Martinez-Patinos most
competitive years were behind her.
It is not known what happened to
the 13 women who failed gender
tests at Olympics between 1972 and
But sport seemed to have learned
something, though, mainly that it
did not know enough about these
complicated issues, and by the end
of the 1990s gender verification
was shelved, apart from in cases
of extreme suspicion.
Moral panic
And then Caster Semenya burst
onto the scene.
A junior champion in 2008, the
muscular teenager took seven sec-
onds off her personal best for 800m
over the next nine months, break-
ing the South African record and
setting a world-leading time in the
process. The IAAF felt obliged
to investigate, if only to rule out
Hours before the start of the
800m final at the 2009 World Ath-
letics Championships, a race Se-
menya would win by a huge mar-
gin, it was leaked that the sports
governing body had also asked for
a gender test.
After Caster Semenyas crush-
ing win at the 2009 Worlds, a Rus-
sian rival sniped, just look at
A young girl with a rare condi-
tion, and an even rarer talent, was
subjected to a medical examina-
tion by media.
Semenya, now 23, returned to
racing in 2010, and won silver
medals at the 2011 Worlds and 2012
Olympics. But she has never run
as fast as she did as an 18-year-old.
Bruce Kidd, the 1962 Common-
wealth champion in the imperi-
al version of the 10 000m, the six
miles, has spent the last half cen-
tury as a leading academic in the
field of physical and health ed-
ucation. The Canadian is also a
self-confessed Olympian of the
old school, a champion of sports
ability to unite.
What a remarkable story Se-
menya should have been, said
Wouldnt it have been better
if the authorities had raised her
hand as a great new champion?
Instead they hit the moral panic
There has been a long current
in modern sport that there must
be something wrong with strong
women. In the last 20 years it has
become a kind of biological rac-
The hyperandrogenism solu-
Semenyas case provoked Olym-
pic levels of hand-wringing.
Ashamed at the leaks and lack
of scientific rigour, but stung by
the reaction to Semenyas phy-
sique from some quarters, the
Iaaf asked an expert working
group to come up with a plan for
women with excessive androgen-
ic hormones, or hyperandrogen-
Androgenic hormones are any
natural or synthetic substance
that control the development of
male characteristics every-
thing from the formation of tes-
tes, to male pattern baldness
with the best known being testos-
There is some disagreement
over the normal spectrum of tes-
tosterone levels for men and wom-
en in general, but everybody
agrees that typically there is a
gap that emerges between the sex-
es during puberty.
As we have seen, though, there
are some women with condi-
tions that give them masculine
amounts of testosterone, which
the Iaaf s working group, in con-
junction with the IOCs Medi-
cal Commission, decided was an-
ything above the bottom of the
male range, 10 nanomoles per li-
tre (nmol/L) of blood.
In April 2011, the new rules
came into force. From this mo-
ment on, a confidential investiga-
tion could be made into any ath-
lete where there were reasonable
grounds. This could be a com-
plaint from a rival, or as a result
of an anomaly in a drugs test.
The process would be handled
by experts, and an effective ther-
apeutic strategy would be of-
fered to any athlete found to have
elevated levels of androgen.
Part of this investigation would
include finding out if the athlete
is benefiting from the testoster-
one. As was seen in the Martinez-
Patino case, androgen insensitivi-
ty syndrome (AIS) means those el-
evated levels of the hormone can
give a false picture of what is ac-
tually happening.
But while all this is being estab-
lished, the athletes are ineligible
to compete. Sounds reasonable
doesnt it?
The testosterone divide
Peter Sonksen is a professor of
endocrinology (the study of hor-
mones) at St Thomas Hospital in
London. It was his research for
the IOC that eventually led to the
development of an anti-doping
test for Human Growth Hormone,
but he is far from impressed with
its work on testosterone.
They have got it complete-
ly wrong with this idiotic rule,
Sonksen said.
This rule is unfair, gross and
unscientific. It is clear discrimi-
Sonksens main objection to the
10 nmol/L threshold is that the re-
search he did for his HGH study
found 16% of his male athletes
had lower than expected testos-
terone, whereas 13% of his female
athletes had high levels of testos-
terone with complete overlap be-
tween the sexes.
In other words, the gap that ex-
ists for testosterone between men
and women in the general popu-
lation does not exist among elite
This research has been leapt
upon by a growing body of cam-
paigners who question the prem-
ise that testosterone is a signif-
icant factor in any discussions
about differences between the sex-
es athletic performances.
For them, mens greater height,
leaner body mass, narrower hips
and higher counts of oxygen-car-
rying red blood cells are all more
persuasive than testosterone.
But this is where we enter dis-
puted territory, and a number of
experts reacted angrily to what
they saw as the misuse of Sonks-
ens HGH data. For them, there is
little doubt of testosterones im-
pact, although most admit it is
part of the mix, as opposed to be-
ing the only ingredient.
An arbitrary line
David Epstein is an award-win-
ning writer for the US magazine
Sports Illustrated, but he is per-
haps better known as the author
of The Sports Gene, a myth-de-
bunking look at nature versus
The book details the many phys-
ical differences between men and
women, including testosterone,
which, when you add them all up,
explain why unisex sport is a non-
starter for most athletic pursuits.
As he explains, elite mens run-
ning times are about 11% faster
than womens, with even bigger
differences in jumping and throw-
For lots of good reasons, we
have decided to have a class of
athletes who arent men, Epstein
But biological sex is not bina-
ry. That means whichever line you
draw between men and women, it
is going to be arbitrary.
For now, Epstein agrees with
the Iaaf s experts that testoster-
one is probably the best line we
can draw, although he would pre-
fer it if those experts at least ad-
mitted they were making an edu-
cated guess.
Joanna Harper is a medical
physicist based in Oregon who
could run two-hour-23-minute
marathons as a young man,
but is now an age-group national
champion as an old lady.
As part of her sex change in
2004, she had therapy to suppress
her testosterone levels. For her,
there is no real argument about
testosterones effect.
Womens sport is like a testos-
terone-handicap event, Harper
But you cannot have womens
equality without womens sport,
so you have a dilemma with no
perfect solution.
Chands challenge
There are two things that eve-
rybody does agree on: the wom-
en in question deserve to be treat-
ed with sensitivity and in confi-
dence, and any consent they give
to treatment must be informed.
A 2013 report revealed that four
female athletes from developing
countries had recently come to
France for hormone therapy and
extensive genital surgery. These
cases were dealt with anonymous-
ly, and as far as anybody knows
they are still competing.
But confirmation that young
women are being operated on to
comply with sports rules on what
normal female genitalia should
look like has provoked outrage.
Are male athletes subjected to the
same scrutiny?
The details of Chands condi-
tion have not been published or
leaked, thankfully, but it is be-
lieved she was offered hormone
therapy and feminising surgery.
It is ironic then that her fail-
ure to tick the anonymity box
on her test form has saved Chand
from being rushed into medical
procedures a probably trauma-
tised 18-year-old cannot be expect-
ed to understand. The media at-
tention she has received has been
intrusive at times, but it has also
alerted intersex campaigners to
her fate. BBCSport
Between a hard surface and a rock . . . Dutee Chand
After Caster Semenyas crushing win at the 2009 Worlds, a Russian rival sniped: Just
look at her
26 The Standard October 5 to 11 2014
Do Man City
lack self-belief
in Champions
MANCHESTER Citys acquaint-
ance with the Champions League
continues to be uncomfortable
for the fourth time in succession
they failed to win their opening
home group game as they were
held by Roma.
City are not yet up against it in
Group E but a meagre return of
a single point from their opening
two games, a defeat by Bayern
Munich in Germany and Tues-
days 1-1 draw at Etihad Stadium,
provides evidence of the difficul-
ty of both the clubs transition to
Europes elite tournament and
the task ahead.
For a team so packed with ex-
perienced players, assembled at
great expense by an ownership
of high ambition, Citys strug-
gle to fully come to terms with
the Champions League remains
a mystery.
What are the factors currently
at work as they once again make
heavy weather of the early stages
of their group?
Embracing the Champions
League challenge
Manchester Citys squad is
awash with talent and yet the
players seem unable to cast off
the cloak of inhibition when it
comes to the Champions League.
City are yet to convince that
they have the collective self-be-
lief that makes them feel at home
alongside the exalted compa-
ny they mix with in this tourna-
ment. There is, on occasion, an
almost apologetic air about the
way they go about their work.
Make no mistake, they have
barely caught a break when it
has come to the groups they have
been drawn in, but the evidence
suggests they are still having
trouble quite convincing them-
selves they have earned the right
to be here.
What makes these subdued dis-
plays, lacking in conviction, all
the more mystifying is the experi-
ence contained within the squad.
The Champions League is a chal-
lenge you would expect City to
embrace, not shy away from.
David Silva and Jesus Navas
were part of Spain squads that
won the World Cup and the Euro-
pean Championship. Yaya Toure
has won the Champions League
with Barcelona, while Sergio
Aguero and Martin Demichelis
were playing for Argentina in
the World Cup final in Rio only
in July.
This is not a squad without tal-
ent or experience, so it may just
be that they need to somehow
fashion one big result the win
away to Bayern Munich last De-
cember was achieved with almost
an air of defiance and was still
not enough to win the group
that will settle all the nerves and
uncertainty that appears cur-
rently to hold them back.
Fans still not convinced
about their pedigree
No-one could ever accuse Man-
chester Citys fans of taking an-
ything for granted even the
recent great successes have not
wiped out that fatalistic streak
that often has them fearing the
But it seems even they are hav-
ing trouble with the Champions
League at the moment. Tuesdays
attendance for the first home
group game of this years tourna-
ment was watched by only 37 509
fans, a full 10 000 short of capac-
ity at Etihad Stadium.
This may be a source of disap-
pointment to the clubs hierarchy
given the scale of their invest-
ment, and how hard they worked
to bring this sort of football back
to Manchester City.
In defence of Citys support,
they have never been shy of lend-
ing their backing and maybe an-
other home game was just a fi-
nancial step too far for some on
this night. They are not fickle
The home game with Bayern is
likely to be a sell-out but this at-
tendance was still a disappoint-
ment and drew scorn from for-
mer Manchester United defend-
er Rio Ferdinand, who tweet-
ed: How many empty seats are
there at the City v Roma game
by the way? Big CL game & fans
would rather Ramsays Kitchen
or something at home.
He added, in reference to Citys
planned ground expansion: Ex-
panding the stadium for what
though? For who though?
Cheap shots but the low attend-
ance was a talking point, as was
the subdued atmosphere for most
of the game.
The lack of atmosphere at City
games this season was even a
matter for discussion before the
game, and manager Manuel Pel-
legrini brushed aside questions
on the subject in his post-match
Citys fans are virtually above
criticism when it comes to sup-
porting their team as they were
there in their thousands in good
times and bad. Maybe they are
also struggling to convince them-
selves that their club is at home
in the Champions League.
Again, one big result would
change that landscape, but City
are currently struggling to pro-
duce it and the mood of support-
ers is downbeat.
Yaya Toure still struggling
for the old authority
The groans of disapproval that
greeted one over-hit pass from
Yaya Toure in the second half
summed up the current mood
surrounding the player who was
the powerhouse behind Manches-
ter Citys Premier League win
last season.
Toure is currently a shadow of
the figure whose goals and influ-
ence drove City to the Premier
League, and the sooner he redis-
covers his old authority, the bet-
He was overshadowed in mid-
field on Tuesday, despite Roma
being without their own two out-
standing midfield players in the
injured Kevin Strootman and
Daniele De Rossi. Radja Naing-
golan and Miralem Pjanic were
both highly impressive and came
out on top against Citys mid-
Toure was bypassed with ease
as Roma fashioned Francesco
Tottis wonderfully finished
equaliser and there was barely
a hint of the surging runs that
have been his trademark. He is
struggling badly.
He is too good a player to be
dismissed lightly or premature-
ly, and Pellegrini clearly has
great faith that Toures powers
will be restored. For the sake of
Citys Champions League cam-
paign, not to mention the Pre-
mier League, it cannot come soon
Has Pellegrini got his tactics
Pellegrini persisted with play-
ing Sergio Aguero and Edin Dze-
ko in attack against Roma, but
once again this was a tactic that
left City exposed to the dangers
of being outnumbered in mid-
This was a problem as far back
as last October when City lost 3-1
at home to Bayern Munich, and
Aguero and Dzeko both started.
City were overrun and well-beat-
The temptation to use both is
understandable as Pellegrini has
a pair of quality strikers on his
hands, but there are undoubted
risks against the sort of elite op-
position City will run up against
in the Champions League and 4-5-
1 (with one of the pair sacrificed)
may be a case of better safe
than sorry against the stronger
Using David Silva and Jesus
Navas in the wide areas was am-
bitious but also offered an open
invitation to a side as progressive
as Roma. It was no surprise when
Navas was replaced by James
Milner at half-time and Dzeko fol-
lowed shortly after, with Frank
Lampard being introduced.
Pellegrinis default position is
permanently positive but he may
have to consider caution or risk
City being vulnerable when they
travel to face Roma in Rome and
welcome Bayern to Etihad Stadi-
Can City still qualify?
Absolutely. This is a squad
packed with quality but they
need a spark, a catalyst that con-
vinces them they are a team that
can make serious inroads into
the Champions League. There
needs to be an injection of confi-
dence, conviction and belief.
City now have back-to-back
games against CSKA Moscow,
Edin Dzeko (left) played as a lone striker against Bayern Munich but was paired with Sergio Aguero against Roma
FOR a team so packed with experienced
players, assembled at great expense by an
ownership of high ambition, Citys struggle to
fully come to terms with the Champions
League remains a mystery
who are shaping up as the wood-
en spoon team in this group. Pel-
legrinis side must win both
matches and put themselves in
prime position to welcome Bay-
ern on Tuesday November 25.
That is the night Manches-
ter City must be a Champions
League team and the Etihad must
provide a Champions League at-
mosphere then it can be all
up for grabs when they go to the
Eternal City to face Roma on
December 10.
Manchester City manager Manuel Pellegrini
Manchester City skipper Vincent Kompany
Pellegrini recently came out in support of under-re midelder Yaya Toure
The Standard October 5 to 11 2014 27
Sturridge signs
new contract
IVERPOOL striker Daniel
Sturridge has signed a new
long-term contract with the
Anfield club.
The 25-year-old England for-
ward joined the Reds from Chelsea
in January 2013 and has scored 36
goals in 52 appearances for Liver-
He told their official website:
Its a big, big day in my life to com-
mit to this club and to give my best
years, which are ahead of me.
Sturridge has missed Liver-
pools last six matches with a ham-
string strain.
The former Manchester City
player said extending his stay
with last seasons Premier League
runners-up was an easy deci-
He added: There are a lot
of things Im happy with how
theyve gone so far, but there is a
lot to come.
I may have had some good
games and scored some goals, but
literally this is the beginning in
terms of what I can show.
We were so close to success last
season and it was a bitter pill to
take not winning the league, but
thats just a taster of what the
fans will get but hopefully this
THE 25-year-old England forward joined the
Reds from Chelsea in January 2013 and has
scored 36 goals in 52 appearances for Liverpool
time well have the trophies to
show for it.
Sturridges 21 Premier League
goals last season made him the
divisions leading English goals-
corer. He enjoyed a 53-goal part-
nership with Luis Suarez during
the 2013-14 campaign, but with the
Uruguayan leaving for Barcelo-
na in the summer, Sturridge will
now hope to work in tandem with
new signing Mario Balotelli.
Manager Brendan Rodgers
has admitted the club is going
through a little period of transi-
tion and Sturridge praised the
Reds boss for improving his per-
Since Ive come in here, hes
put his faith in me and played me
in a central role which Ive al-
ways been asking for through-
out my career, said Sturridge.
Liverpool striker Daniel Sturridge has signed a new long-term contract with the Aneld club.
Rwanda drops naturalised stars
IN a bid to streamline the football
structures in the country, the Rwan-
da Football Association (Ferwafa)
has parted ways with all natural-
ised players in the national football
This follows Rwandas disquali-
fication from the 2015 Africa Cup
of Nations group stage qualifiers
in August after the Confederation
of African Football (CAF) banned
the Amavubi for fielding Congolese
born player Tady Etekiama Agiti
also known as Dady Birori in Rwan-
Birori, who features for AS Vita
in the Democratic Republic of Con-
go was also banned by CAF for two
years for his dual identity.
Speaking exclusively to super-, the Amavubi head coach
Stephen Constantine explained the
move. We have taken a tough deci-
sion to part ways with all the play-
ers who were not born in Rwanda. It
is a big blow for us but it is high time
we did so.
Ugandan-born striker Meddie
Kagere who joined FK Tirana in Al-
bania two months ago will no long-
er feature for the Amavubi despite
scoring nine goals in 29 appearanc-
es for the team since his debut in
Jimmy Mbaraga and Peter Kaga-
bo who feature for Police FC in the
Rwandan National League as well
as Rayon Sports Jerome Sina, have
also been told that they can no long-
er play for the Amavubi.
We now have a gap because four
of them were strikers. It is a con-
siderable hole when we talk about
strikers and it is something that we
are going to try to fill, the thought-
ful Constantine lamented.
The Englishman who took charge
of the Amavubi in May this year re-
flects on the players achievements
with the national side but points out
that now is the time to start doing
the right thing rebuilding.
He explained, If we had a pool of
30 to select from, now we have 25. We
need to start developing the young-
er players and correctly decide that
we use only locally born players and
we should have been doing that. We
havent done that, we have tried to
shortcut that.
The naturalised players are ex-
pected to return any documentation
to the Immigration Office indicat-
ing that they are Rwandese and this
includes national identity cards.
They are expected to regain their
original nationalities respective of
where they were born.
Their service passports at Immi-
gration will no longer be legible for
use to travel or represent Rwanda.
In the case of Kagere and Kagabo,
they will regain their Ugandan na-
tionality and in the case of name
changing, they will act accordingly.
Kagabo is expected to take up his
original name which is Peter Ote-
ma while Sina is expected to get his
Congolese nationality and passport
as Jerome Sena Abedi.
Ferwafa president Vincent De-
gaule Nzamwita added, We are
working closely with the federation
in the Democratic Republic of Con-
go to make sure that we avoid a sce-
nario where players have double
identity and also scenarios where
players are playing in both leagues
under different names.
Nzamwita, who came into office
earlier this year, is keen on stream-
lining football in Rwanda and ad-
mitted that the Birori incident will
never happen again.
Birori who was born in Kinsha-
sa on December 12 1986 received
his Rwandan nationality in 2009
but also got a Congolese passport
last year that indicates that he was
born on December 13 1990.
Based on this information, the
Congolese Football Federation
(Fecofoot) filed a complaint with
CAF after Congo Brazzavilles 2-0
win in Pointe Noir in July, a game
that Birori took part in.
Birori did not play in the re-
turn leg in Kigali as the Amavubi
cruised to a shocking 2-0 triumph
to tie the aggregate at 2-2, forcing a
penalty shootout that the hosts won
Rwanda then booked a place in
Group A with Nigeria, South Af-
rica and Sudan. However, follow-
ing CAFs decision to ban Rwanda,
the latter was replaced with Congo
Birori had scored a hat-trick
against Libya in the return leg in
Kigali after a goalless draw in Tu-
nisia in the first round of qualifica-
tion setting up a date against Congo
Brazzaville in the next round.
Meddie Kagere
Uefa probe Arsenal/
Galatasaray clash
ARSENAL could be fined fol-
lowing crowd disturbances dur-
ing their midweek Champions
League clash with Galatasaray
as European footballs govern-
ing body Uefa confirmed on Fri-
day disciplinary proceedings
had been opened against six
Galatasaray, Feyenoord, Stand-
ard Liege, Basel and Borussia
Dortmund could also face sanc-
tions after their supporters
threw flares onto the pitch dur-
ing games on Wednesday and
Several flares were thrown
onto the pitch from the section
containing the 3 000-strong band
of travelling Galatasaray sup-
porters at the Emirates Stadi-
um, causing the Group D match
against Arsenal to be briefly
Police confirmed there had
been six arrests, two of which
were for entering the ground
with flares.
The north London club went
on to win 4-1.
Uefas disciplinary body will
study the cases on October 16.
Man City to play CSKA
in an empty stadium
MANCHESTER City will face
CSKA Moscow inside an emp-
ty stadium after the Russian
club was ordered to play its next
three Champions League home
games behind closed doors.
Uefa has punished CSKA for a
series of offences, including rac-
ist chanting.
CSKAs fans will also be pre-
vented from attending their re-
maining two away Champions
League group games.
City, winless in the Champi-
ons League this season, travel to
Moscow on October 21 and host
CSKA two weeks later.
CSKA were found guilty of
racist chanting during last sea-
sons Champions League, includ-
ing one highlighted in a com-
plaint by Yaya Toure when City
and CSKA met last in October
But at this seasons Champi-
ons League opener at Roma on
September 17, there was further
trouble when Russian support-
ers were involved in disruption
with the local police and threw
flares inside the Stadio Olimpico
during their 5-1 defeat.
Uefa found CSKAs support-
ers guilty of several offences,
including racist behaviour of
supporters, crowd disturbance,
setting off/throwing of fire-
works and missiles.
In a statement, Uefa said: The
European governing body has
a zero-tolerance policy towards
racism and discrimination on
the field and in the stands.
All forms of racist behaviour
are considered serious offences
against the disciplinary regula-
tions and are punished with the
most severe sanctions.
The Moscow club, who have
also been fined 156 900, had al-
ready played their first Champi-
ons League home match against
Bayern Munich on September 30
behind closed doors as punish-
ment for their fans racist behav-
iour last season. BBCSport
28 The Standard October 5 to 11 2014
Let us support our sponsors
ODAY is the day of the One
Wallet Cup final. It is the
day when Dynamos play lit-
tle Triangle for the US$80 000 on
offer for the winners.
From the outset, this is just one
of those games that Dynamos are
expected to steamroll over their
modest opponents.
But irrespective of whoever is
playing, it is time all of us sup-
ported those who support foot-
ball, and NetOne is one of them.
As a sponsor, they have sacrificed
a lot during these trying econom-
ic times in Zimbabwe and we also
need to reciprocate.
Zifas Supporters Liasson Of-
ficer Simioni Jamanda has called
for all the supporters to come to
the National Sports Stadium in
their numbers to rally behind not
only their teams, but the sponsors
as well.
Jamanda, who from the now
defunct Blackpool went to the
now defunct Motor Action, was
appointed the leader of Zimba-
bwean football supporters fol-
lowing a directive from Fifa that
all football associations should
have a supporter who links fans
and the national football federa-
But talking of sponsors. We also
wonder where most of the spon-
sors money is going to. Our clubs
and players are suffering to the
extent of some players becoming
destitutes at a time we are told
big figures are being invested into
In the streets and in bars, we
are running away from football-
ers as they beg for transport mon-
ey to take them back home after
having walked all the way into the
city or town centres.
What we have been made to
understand is that the One Wal-
let Cup is worth US$500 000. But
only US$270 000 is going towards
the prize money, which is about
half what the sponsors are pour-
ing into the tournament. Where is
the remainder of the money going
to? We might be forced to ask.
But the One Wallet Cup is just
one of many examples.
The Premier Soccer League
also takes 6% of gate takings.
This means the money they take
from the sponsors and the gate
fees is all going towards adminis-
tration. How many employees are
at the PSL offices? Not more than
six. So then, what administration
are we talking about here?
Where is the remainder of the
tournaments prize money and
the 6% gate charge going to when
clubs and the players are not re-
ceiving it?
In all honesty, todays cup final
should have gone for a dollar for
the cheapest seat. Why not, when
the clubs and the players them-
selves are not benefitting from it.
Of Muparati and the Soccer
Star award
Take it or not, the real 2013 Cas-
tle Soccer Star of the Year was not
Tawanda Muparati, but Silas Son-
gani of Harare City.
Not that Muparati was voted
for because he plays for Dynamos.
But because the selection system
is losing its respectability owing
to the manner in which it is being
Gone are the days a pre-selec-
tion meeting was held to advise
the would-be panelists on the
rules and regulations that govern
the selection system.
It was during those meetings
that the panel of selectors was
chosen, with everyone who mat-
tered present to make a contribu-
tion. Now, the panel is drawn on
the strength of who patronises
I miss those days when Delta
Beverages had the late Tony Ka-
Order boys, business is about
to start, Kanukayi would say af-
ter ringing the bell that hung by
a thread in the Sable Room at the
then Castle Breweries in Souther-
Everyone who mattered want-
ed to be part of the selection sys-
tem because there was pride in be-
ing part of a panel that was select-
ed on merit and not on whom you
were close to.
The likes of Blackmore Ma-
vhura, Robson Sharuko, Tendayi
Ndemera, Wellington Toni, Mer-
it Munzwembiri, Charles Mabika,
Farai Mungazi, Stanley Katsande,
Lovemore Dube, Petros Kausiyo,
Pathisani Moyo, the late Philip
Magwaza, Tichaona Sibanda, and
of course yours truly, had pride
in the selection. To us, the selec-
tion came late and went too early.
The place on the panel had to be
I wonder if Delta Beverages
still have anyone who is qualified
to handle the soccer star awards,
for everything appears to be going
I am told the captains of all the
16 teams have been roped into this
years selection. I wouldnt be sur-
prised if next year 16 board mem-
bers from all the PSL clubs were
to be included.
We need seriousness or else,
this year, we will have the sus-
pended Guthrie Zhokini being
crowned the 2014 Castle Soccer
Star of the Year, and Beki Nyoni
crowned the Coach of the Year.
We need someone like Kanu-
kayi back at Delta to run the af-
fairs of the Castle Soccer Star of
the Year Award selection proc-
cess, or else the situation, will
get worse.
I rest my case.
l For views and comments
email, or
WhatsApp on 077 3 266 779.
The day it all started . . . Minister of ICTs Webster Shamhu (left) and NetOne managing
director Reward Kangai on the day the Sup8r Cup was launched in Harare.
IN all honesty, todays
cup final should have
gone for a dollar for
the cheapest seat
Equina returns
for the seasons
first running
ZIMBABWES most dominant
horse in the 2013/14 horse racing
season, Equina, today returns for
her first running of the 2014/15
season when she lines up with 12
other horses for the Zimbabwe
National Army Charity Handicap.
Should everything go accord-
ing to plan, 13 horses will con-
test the race that will be run over
1 800 metres with a stake money
of US$9 000. The winning horse is
guaranteed US$5 400.
Equina has been taking a rest
following a successful season in
2013/14 and her showing in the
ZNA Charity Handicap will give
punters a rough idea of what to
expect this season.
Equina was so dominant in
the previous season to the extent
of winning the Castle Tankard,
the Champion Fillies Stakes, the
OK Grand Challenge and finish-
ing second in the Republic Cup
making her the first horse to be
placed in all the major events of
the season.
By winning both the Castle
Tankard and the OK Grand Chal-
lenge in one season, Equina be-
came the first filly ever to win
both the Grade One and Grade
Two races.
She also became the fifth horse
in history after Kings Threat in
1989, Gold Flame in 2002, Winters
Night in 2010, and Grisham in
2012 to win the Tankard and the
OK Challenge in a single year.
But Equina has paid the price
for her dominance and will car-
ry a heavy 61,5 kg in the race com-
pared to the 57 kg she normal-
ly carries in a race that will see
the likes of Forty One, Luminous
Love and Macchiato (all from the
Lisa Harris stable) carrying as lit-
tle as 52 kg.
But in a longer race in which
the draw also plays a part, Equi-
na finds herself in good standing
as she is well drawn at two with
Karl Zechner on the drivers seat
as usual.
Equina, who turns five this
year, is the daughter of Silvinho
from German and Winning Touch
from the USA. Her sister, Sin La-
tigo is also making a name for
herself at the Borrowdale race
Seven-year-old Captains Tiger
who has changed stables joining
Alyson Wright yard from the Kirk
Swanson stable, along with Aru-
la Borealis, are the top weights
in the race as they will be carry-
ing 61,5 kg followed by Copper Bay
who is on 58 kg.
South Africas A King Is Born,
Super Trouper and Menacing
are also in contention for top
honours while Zimbabwes Forty
One joins Captains Tiger in the
race to ensure that the winners
prize money and the floating tro-
phy stays at home.
There is a huge South African
presence in the race as Ghokan
Terzi has released Got A Hold On
Me while Four Star Dance from
the Sebastien DAquino yard also
makes the trip for the race.
All in all, there are seven races
carded for the day with 97 horses
accepted for the challenge of the
afternoon. Although the main
feature race has attracted only 13
horses, there are more in other
races, giving the punters a wide
but difficult selection.
The first race of the day
the G Tel Cellular Maiden Plate
has attracted a big field of 17
horses, the same number of hors-
es as the Delta Beverages Maiden
Plate which will be run over 1 800
The G Tel Maiden Plate will be
over a short distance of 1 200 me-
Horse racing action at Borrowdale Race Course recently
The Standard October 5 to 11 2014 29
Mbada Cup
spices up PSL
HE decision by the coun-
trys richest football tour-
nament sponsors, Mbada
Diamonds to reduce the number
of teams to play in this years edi-
tion of the Mbada Diamonds Cup
will boost competition in the do-
mestic league whose curtains are
six matches away from coming
Mbada Diamonds unveiled a
top-four, end-of-season tourna-
ment worth US$250 000 with all
the clubs that finish in the top
four in this current season set to
participate in the tournament.
Winners of the competition
will take home US$50 000, run-
ners-up US$30 000 while the two
losing semi-finalists will go home
with US$15 000 each. The other 12
clubs will be rewarded US$10 000
each without kicking the ball.
As the PSL log table stands,
eight teams are gunning to sneak
into the top four considering the
number of points that separate
them with six matches still to be
Defending champions Dyna-
mos lead with 46 points followed
by ZPC Kariba who are on 42
points. Last weekend, CAPS Unit-
ed moved to third position, push-
ing Highlanders down to fourth
However, the quartet is not
guaranteed a top four finish as
they are not far away from the
trailing pack of Hwange, FC Plat-
inum, Chicken Inn and rejuve-
nated Harare City who are placed
fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth
What makes the puzzle more
complicated is the fact that most
of the top eight teams are still to
play each other in matches that
would have a bearing on the title
Mbada Diamonds corporate
services executive George Man-
yaya said, as sponsors, they want-
ed to do away with the traditional
way of selecting participants us-
ing the previous year log stand-
ings. He said this unique way
would boost competition to the
already exciting league.
In most cases, sponsors ask
the league to give them top four
finishers of the previous year, but
as Mbada, we said we want every-
one to know this in time and start
fighting for a better finish. This
is going to make the rundown to
the championship more interest-
ing, Manyaya said.
Mbada will fund the top-four
teams transport, accommoda-
tion, branded kits and the man-
of-the-match for the three games,
but individual prizes like the
goalkeeper, player and top scorer
of the tournament have not been
Its here . . . From left, PSL marketing executive Rodwell Thabe, PSL competitions manager Elisha Mandireva and Mbada Diamonds
corporate services executive George Manyaya during the launch of the fourth edition of the Mbada Diamonds Cup in Harare last
Standardsport caught up with
representatives from some of the
clubs who harbour chances of
taking part in the competition.
CAPS united coach Taurai
Mangwiro said they are very
much aware of the rewards that
come along when playing in the
Mbada Diamonds Cup and a
number of players will move a
gear up in order to finish among
the best four and take part in this
prestigious cup.
This has definitely brought
a new dimension in terms of
competition. It is good that the
sponsors announced the for-
mat in time. Now its up to clubs
and players to choose what they
want, Mangwiro said.
One thing that I would want
to thank them for is making it a
clear process with no favouritism
at all. If any club is to miss, then
they would have to blame them-
selves, not anyone. As CAPS, we
will fight tooth and nail to win
this as it is also another ticket to
play in Africa.
However, Highlanders chief ex-
ecutive officer Ndumiso Gumede
said he was disappointed that the
countrys richest knockout tour-
nament which used to be held
amid pomp and fanfare was los-
ing its appeal.
Its sad that the sponsors have
failed this time around to include
everyone in the ring. We hope
they will bounce back strong
next year and include all the PSL
teams. This is going to be a tough
finish. Teams like Hwange and
Chicken Inn are breathing on our
back and will be hoping to be in
there as well so we need to turn
on the heat, Gumede said.
Asked how they would feel if
they failed to defend the cup, Gu-
mede said it would be disappoint-
ing but football is played follow-
ing a set of rules.
Rules are rules and they are
made to guide the game. If they
had said top three teams including
the defending champions, it was
going to be good for us, but then
if they say so and find out that the
defending champions are in the
top three as well, then they would
be forced to make unnecessary
changes, killing time and wasting
resources. So rules are rules, they
have to be followed, their decision
is good and its final.
Chicken Inn gaffer Joey Anti-
pas said it was disappointing to
hear that sponsors had changed
the qualification process as well
as reducing the number of teams
to take part before adding that
they had been challenged to work
even harder.
The old format has been good.
There is nothing that we can do
as clubs but everyone knows the
rich pickings in this tournament.
What we need to do is push for a
top four finish, which I think is a
tall order though, Antipas said.
ZPC Kariba coach Saul
Chaminuka expressed fear over
how things are going to unfold
with every club fighting for a top
four finish.
The most disturbing thing is
that teams are not far away from
each other in terms of points. If
you look at it, eight teams still
have a chance of making it into
top four. The thing is every Zim-
babwean knows what is at stake,
open cheque, who doesnt want
money? said Chaminuka.
This season we are going to
witness some tough battles for
the top four slots because no one
wants to miss playing in this cup.
Its going to pile up pressure on
clubs that are already in top four.
So we are expecting a lot of chal-
lenge, all in the name of quali-
fying for the Mbada Diamonds
Cup, Chaminuka said.
Chaminukas Kauya Katurutu-
ru, will be making a maiden ap-
pearance in this competition fol-
lowing their promotion into the
elite league at the beginning of
the year if they finish among the
top four.
WINNERS of the competition will take home
US$50 000, runners-up US$30 000 while the
two losing semi-finalists go home with
US$15 000 each
Arifonso Zvenyika gets first assignment
FORMER Commonwealth boxing
champion Arifonso Zvenyika has
received his first international as-
signment as trainer and promoter
when his boxer Anyway Katunga
fights in the undercard of Charles
Manyuchis World Boxing Coun-
cil title defence at the Government
Complex in Lusaka, Zambia.
Zvenyika and his boxer have been
invited by Zambias Oriental Box-
ing Promotions who have fallen in
love with Zimbabwean boxers in the
wake of the success of Manyuchi
who fights under their stable.
The secretary general of the Zim-
babwe National Boxing and Wres-
tling Control board Gilbert Munet-
si said they have received Katun-
gas letter of invitation from Zam-
bia, adding that they had cleared the
boxer for the Zambian excursion.
This will be Zvenyikas first as-
signment as a trainer and promot-
er after registering with us last
month, said Munetsi.
Zvenyika is one of the four pro-
moters who have been issued with a
licence by the boxing board.
Katunga is the top-rated female
boxer in the flyweight category
which only has two boxers on the
rankings including Shehu Mutasa.
Coincidentally, Zvenyika also won
two Commonwealth titles while
fighting in the flyweight division.
The former Commonwealth and
Africa Zone Six champion whose
Mosquito Boxing Promotions is
based at Stoddart Hall in Mbare,
says his dream is to produce a world
Manyuchi is billed to fight Co-
lombias Davis Casserres Navar-
ra on November 22 for his first de-
fence of the WBC International wel-
terweight title which he won after
knocking out Ghanas Sam Allotey
in the eighth round.
Manyuchi is also the Africa Box-
ing Union championship holder af-
ter winning the title against Burki-
na Fasos Patrick Sou Toke before
defending it against Isaac Sowah,
also from Ghana.
The Masvingo-born boxer who is
based in Zambia has risen to 23rd
position in the world rankings hav-
ing been placed 92nd on the globe at
the start of the year.
Manyuchi has not made it a se-
cret that his dream is to fight world
champion Floyd Mayweather from
USA, but he is still a distance from
reaching that destination. May-
weather is widely regarded as the
best pound for pound boxer in the
history of the sport, surparsing the
likes of Marvelous Marvin Hagler
and Thomas Hearns.
The Zambian experience is
a test case for Zvenyika as to
whether he will be a good leader
for future boxers as his own his-
tory chronicles more controver-
sial incidents than finer achieve-
Zvenyika was accused of conning
an Australian community after ly-
ing to them that his son had passed
away back home in Zimbabwe. The
community donated money and oth-
er gifts for him to take back home
only to realise later that the son was
alive and well.
He received a community sen-
tence for driving over a policeman
while driving without a licence and
was jailed for six months for steal-
ing a neighbours radio.
But the former Commonwealth
champion says all that is now histo-
ry, saying people should judge him
on his performance in the ring, add-
ing that he wants to be successful as
a trainer and promoter in the same
way he floored opponents.
Zvenyika and Langton School-
boy Tinago are the only Zimbabwe-
an boxers to have reached the high-
est stage of being crowned Com-
monwealth champions. Although
Charles Manyuchi is a World Box-
ing Council International title hold-
er, that belt is ceremonial and far
below that of the Commonwealth
Charles Manyuchi
30 The Standard October 5 to 11 2014
Zim dreams after lifting ICC trophy
MAGINE the possibility of Zim-
babwe winning the 2015 ICC
World Cup trophy.
No one, not even the players, let
alone the coach, had ever whispered
words suggesting that Zimbabwe
are going to the global cricket show-
piece set for Australia and New Zea-
land next year with a mind to win it.
But that was before the iconic tro-
phy itself came to Zimbabwe.
A few days ago the ICC World
Cup trophy was in the country
and the senior national team play-
ers, notably Brendan Taylor, Pros-
per Utseya and Hamilton Ma-
sakadza, had an opportunity to
hold it and even hoist it up.
The iconic silverware arrived
in the country on September 30
through the majestic tourist town
of Victoria Falls before gracing the
city of Harare the following day
where a welcome ceremony ensued
at Harare Sports Club.
Speaking at the event, Deputy
Minister of Sports, Arts and Cul-
ture, Tabeth Kanengoni-Malin-
ga said: This is a rare moment of
pride that Zimbabwe is being recog-
nised as a full member of the Inter-
national Cricket Council.
Zimbabwe Cricket, the ball is in
your court, you have seen the tro-
phy and this confirms that the tour-
nament will certainly be held.
We hope that this trophy will
come back to Zimbabwe after this
tour, therefore your preparations
for the World Cup must intensify in
The trophy is touring all the coun-
tries that will take part at the crick-
et World Cup. Zimbabwe is the 12th
nation to receive it and it has since
left for United Arab Emirates before
winding up in West Indies.
Zimbabwes chances of lifting
the cricket World Cup in Austral-
ia and New Zealand next year are
just an obscure dream.
Speaking to this publication bare-
ly a week ago, head coach Stephen
Mangongo revealed that because of
our ranking we could only hope to
sneak into the quarterfinals and an-
ything else beyond that would be a
After receiving the trophy in
Victoria Falls, former captain
Prosper Utseya was quoted say-
ing that after this experience,
the team was now much more in-
spired to bring home the World
Cup trophy.
Save for a sensational Super
Six stage achievement during
the 1999 World Cup in England
where they famously defeated In-
dia and South Africa, the Zimba-
bwe cricket team has perpetually
faltered at the World Cup.
Currently the Zimbabwe team
is slowly getting on its feet and
on paper, is a far-cry from a team
capable of winning the ultimate
cricket crown.
However, the return of top bats-
man Craig Ervine and veteran all-
rounder Gregory Lamb could fur-
ther bolster the Zimbabwe squad
ahead of the World Cup.
Zimbabwe is in Group B of the
2015 ICC World Cup alongside In-
dia, Pakistan, West Indies, Ire-
land, UAE and South Africa.
THE iconic silverware arrived in the country on
September 30 through the majestic Victoria
Falls before gracing the city of Harare the
following day where a welcome ceremony
ensued at Harare Sports Club
From left, Prosper Utseya, Hamilton Masakadza and Brendan Taylor holding the ICC World Cup trophy last week when it landed in
FIVBs African
dream project
comes to Zim
THIRTY-TWO representatives
from seven Africa Zone VI coun-
tries took part in the two-day Fed-
eration of International Volley-
ball (FIVB) African Dream Pre-
implementation clinic, which the
country successfully hosted at
Cresta Oasis Hotel last week.
Mark Tennant, an FIVB in-
structor who is part of the FIVB
Development Commission con-
ducted the clinic, which marked
the introduction of a landmark
project to countries such as Mo-
zambique, Namibia, Malawi, Zam-
bia, Botswana, Swaziland and Zi-
This project is an invention of
FIVB President Ary Gracas vi-
sion to create a global volleyball
development trend by setting up
centres that will be used to devel-
op identified athletes at a young
age and arranging all the keys
for their involvement later on to
their corresponding youth na-
tional teams.
Zimbabwe Volleyball Associa-
tion secretary general Ringisai
Mapondera expressed confidence
in the project, which is similar
to the one his association has al-
ready implemented locally.
Its an interesting project by
FIVB and very similar to the one
that we already have here; we are
at an advantage because we al-
ready have talent identification
centres in all our provinces, so
this programme starts as soon
as we receive our first batch of
equipment set to arrive in the
next few weeks, he said.
Of course the pre-implemen-
tation clinic was a huge success
because we had eight represent-
atives including four coaches
and four officials. We are going
to get a lot of financial and ma-
terial support from FIVB which
can see us assemble a super team
that can conquer the world in
the next 10 years, he added.
ZVA has its own long-term
project called the Great Zimba-
bwe Talent Identification Pro-
gramme aimed at identifying fu-
ture volleyball greats by estab-
lishing centres of excellence to
capture the talent in all the prov-
Zimbabwe received the oppor-
tunity to host the Zone IV edi-
tion of the projects Pre-Imple-
mentation clinic because of its
centrality in the region.
Part of the 32 representatives from seven Africa Zone VI countries took part in
the two-day Federation of International Volleyball (FIVB) African Dream Pre-
implementation clinic which the country successfully hosted at Cresta Oasis Hotel
last week.
wary of Ajax
MPUMALANGA Black Aces en-
forcer Tinashe Nengomasha ex-
pects a stronger Ajax Cape Town
when the clubs revive hostilities
in their Telkom Knockout last-16
duel this afternoon.
Aces recently handed Ajax
their first Absa Premiership loss
of the season with a 1-0 scoreline
in Nelspruit last week.
Nengomasha, however, says the
Urban Warriors are typically bet-
ter on their home turf, with Cape
Town Stadium the venue for the
upcoming rematch.
We know the strengths and
weaknesses of Ajax but most im-
portantly, we know how difficult
they are when they play in their
own backyard in Cape Town. We
played them in Nelspruit last
week and it was evident the heat
took its toll on them so we ob-
viously expect to find the going
tough as well playing at sea level,
Nengomasha told the clubs web-
The former Kaizer Chiefs and
Bidvest Wits man continued:
Whoever plays today [Sunday],
will approach that game with
much respect. Kickoff
The Standard October 5 to 11 2014 31
Drag race finale
at Donnybrook
From Page 32
That is not all. While the Dy-
namos coaching department is
stable and Kalisto Pasuwa is ne-
gotiating a salary hike, the same
cannot be said of Triangle. Goal-
keepers coach Gift Muzadzi was
asked to pack and go after help-
ing the team reach the final, and
coach Biggie Zuze is leaving on a
knife edge.
Zuze has been given an ultima-
tum to collect six points in the
next two league games or leave.
He comes to the National Sports
Stadium under massive pres-
While Pasuwa is gunning
for a fourth successive league
championship, Zuze only re-
members the sweetness of the
league title from the days he
was still playing, ironically, for
Although Dynamos look
poised for the title, CAPS Unit-
ed supporter Gift Dzudzo thinks
history does not count saying,
Triangle will shoot for an upset.
This is a new game and I think
Triangle players are hungrier to
prove a point than Dynamos. I
have a feeling that Triangle will
win, said Dzudzo.
Even Dynamos follower Solo-
mon Mandu thinks they should
not underestimate Triangle
team spirit and overall strength.
If we think we have won the
game before it is played, then we
are making a terrible mistake.
Let us celebrate after the job has
been done, said Mhandu.
But whatever the case is, eve-
rything is pointing to a Dyna-
mos celebration.
DeMbare, Triangle
statistics difference
T has been a season of spectac-
ular action, thrills and spills,
pomp and fanfare in the 2014
Telecel Drag Racing Series and
more of the same is expected as the
Grand Finale takes place at Donny-
brook Park today.
Drag racing has easily been the
most popular motorsport genre in
the country this year, magnificent-
ly attracting thousands of specta-
tors each time there was a race.
Todays event is sadly the
fourth and the last of the year be-
fore a long rainy season break.
DragPro Club secretary Suzan
Zevgolis was delighted at the suc-
cess of the drag race season.
This has been a highly suc-
cessful drag racing series, with no
fewer than 60 cars for every event,
the cars have been getting faster
by the race and we have had more
than 2 000 spectators each time.
Its been a great season so this
one is the last event of the year,
the last chance for everyone inter-
ested to come, register their cars
and be part of the fun before a
very long break, its a public mo-
torsport event so everyone is wel-
come she said.
Zevgolis revealed that next year
could see the staging of nation-
al drag racing finals for the first
time, while there could be an in-
flux of competitors from South
Africa and other neighbouring
On the tracks, Terry Allbery,
who finished second in the previ-
ous event will be the man to beat as
he has consistently dominated the
event in his ruthlessV8 AC Cobra,
especially considering that vet-
eran dragster South African Reg
Murray will be absent.
Murray broke the quarter mile
track record with his vintage Rail
Car, romping home in just 10,20
seconds. It was the first time that
any car had breached the 10 sec-
ond region in the history of the
Cars line up before a race at one of the events held at Donnybrook this year
Allan Cacace who missed the
last event with his V8 powered Co-
bra renews his rivalry with All-
berry while Mebs Kerbelker in
his Subaru WRX and Mano Zevgo-
lis in the [HP Lubes/Castrol] Toyo-
ta MR2 will be lurking in the shad-
ows, in case the Cobras falter.
There is also talk of a Zambi-
an competitor with a Cobra who
might enter the fray today to add
to the competition for honours.
In the motorbike category, sen-
sational newcomer Leslie Carls-
son may not feature as he was rac-
ing against time to fix his Suzuki
65XR 100cc which broke down in
Bulawayo recently.
His predicament leaves mentor,
Phil Archenouls DeWalt Suzuki
GSXR free passage to breeze to an
easy win in the final race of the
Competition will be in time trial,
handicap, and the popular Top elim-
inator while a spinning demonstra-
tion is especially lined up today.
The Dragpro Clubs partners
are title sponsors Telecel, HP
Lubes/Castrol, Turbo Solutions
Africa, Financial Gazette, Auto-
business and DHL
Racing kicks off at 11:30am, end-
ing at 5:15pm, with full bar and ca-
tering available as well as enter-
tainment for the kids
Charlton taken to hospital
MANCHESTER United legend Bob-
by Charlton was taken to hospital
on Thursday after complaining of
stomach pains.
Charlton was playing in a pro-
am golf tournament at St Andrews
in Scotland when he started to feel
unwell. The 76-year-old initially re-
fused any treatment before eventu-
ally allowing an ambulance to take
him to the Ninewells hospital in
Dundee. Doctors carried out checks
on the former England internation-
al and he was released soon after.
Charlton, who survived the 1958
Munich air crash that claimed the
lives of several of his team-mates, is
regarded among the finest midfield-
ers of his generation and is one of
Englands greatest players.
He played 758 times in his 20-year
spell at United and hit 249 goals to
become the clubs all-time leading
goalscorer. Charlton won the 1968
European Cup with United and
also claimed the English league ti-
tle three times and the FA Cup once.
With 49 England goals he is the
countrys record scorer and ap-
peared for England at four World
Cups in 1958, 1962, the triumphant
campaign in 1966 and in 1970.
United legend Bobby Charlton
Chemhanza, Marlborough in PIS tourney finals
Relief for Liverpool as Henderson regains lead
MASHONALAND East champi-
ons Chemhanza will face Marl-
borough in the final of the Nash
Pinda muSmart/Ngena kuSmart
Under-20 football tournament at
Prince Edward High School today.
A high-rated footballing school
in the country, Chemhanza
booked their place in the final
courtesy of a 4-3 penalty shoot out
semifinal win over a battling Con-
way side. The two teams had set-
tled for a nil all draw in regula-
tion time.
Marlborough, on the other hand
recorded a convincing 2-0 win
over Rujeko High School, a team
that had surprised all and sundry
reaching the semifinal without a
Chemhanza, who started the
tournament as favourites along-
side defending champions Church-
ill and hosts Prince Edward kicked
off their campaign in emphat-
ic fashion, clobbering a hapless
Hlangabeza from Matabeleland
North 8-0.
The Mashonaland East champi-
ons then lost their next group en-
counter one nil to Churchill but
qualified for the semifinals re-
gardless of the defeat.
In the last eight, Chemhanza
got back to winning ways with a
2-0 win over Masvingo represent-
atives Gutu, earning themselves a
semifinal date with Cornway.
Harares Marlborough who ex-
hibited some exciting brand of
football did not have it easy on
their way to the final. Their tour-
nament began in the worst possi-
Kalisto Pasuwa was part of the crowd at Prince Edward School yesterday
ble manner with a 1-0 loss to Gutu
High School before bouncing back
with a 3-0 crushing of Gifford
from Bulawayo.
Defending champions Church-
ill were waiting for them in the
quarter finals as they laboured to
a 4-3 penalty lottery success and
had to contend with Rujeko for a
place in todays final.
The tournament began yes-
terday with 12 teams from all
the provinces fighting for the
schools most prestigious compe-
This years edition is being
sponsored by Population Servic-
es International (PSI) under their
Pinda muSmart/Ngena kuSmart
programme whose aim is to en-
courage school-going boys to get
ADAM Lallana scored his first Pre-
mier League goal for Liverpool to
help his team to a first league win
since August in a nervy display
against West Brom yesterday.
Lallana combined beautifully
with Jordan Henderson to beat Ben
Foster at the far post seconds be-
fore the break. Liverpools defend-
ing was far from convincing and De-
jan Lovren conceded a controver-
sial penalty to allow Saido Berahino
to level from the spot. But much to
the hosts relief, Jordan Henderson
struck five minutes later.
Raheem Sterling, circled by a trio
of West Brom defenders, found Hen-
derson and the England midfield-
er threaded the ball low into the
far post to secure Liverpool a first
league win since their 3-0 demoli-
tion of Tottenham in late August.
Other Results
Hull 2-0 Crystal Palace
Leicester 2-2 Burnley
Liverpool 2-1 West Brom
Sunderland 3-1 Stoke
Swansea 2-2 Newcastle
The Standard Nengomasha optimistic
We know the strengths
and weaknesses of Ajax
but most importantly, we
know how dif cult they
are when they play in their
own backyard in Cape
Page 30
clash in
One Wallet
So much diference in class between One Wallet fnalists
32 The Standard October 5 to 11 2014
IT will be a David versus Goliath
affair in the NetOne OneWallet
Cup final at the National Sports
Stadium when Harare giants Dy-
namos take on lowly-ranked Tri-
angle Football Club this after-
The last time that Pasuwa
and Zuze met in a cup final was
back in 2012 when DeMbare beat
Monomotapa 2-0 in the Mbada Di-
amonds Cup final in which Ron-
ald Chitiyo, who has since joined
Dynamos, was part of.
What would make the encoun-
ter more explosive is the emo-
tional return to action of Dyna-
mos tear-away winger Masimba
Mambare who has been out of ac-
tion for the past six months.
After his infamous switch from
Bulawayo Giants Highlanders
to join Dynamos, Mambare last
turned out for the Glamour Boys
on March 30 in the semifinals of
the Independence trophy against
Harare City at Rufaro.
THE last time that Pasuwa and Zuze met in a
cup final was back in 2012 when DeMbare beat
Monomotapa 2-0 in the Mbada Diamonds Cup
The pencil slim winger, who
the media labelled a traitor after
that switch, could not finish the
match as he picked up an injury
in the early stages of the game.
Although the injury did not ap-
pear nasty, the doctors told him
that he was to be out of action for
some months.
Mambare has been training
with the rest of the team since
DeMbare, who have dominat-
ed Zimbabwean football, will be
looking forward to add another
trophy in their cabinet which al-
ready has the Bob90 Cup which
they bagged after dismissing bit-
ter rivals Highlanders, and the
TM Pick n Pay Challenge Trophy,
which they won after thumping
the same customers.
Speaking to this publication
on Friday, Mambare said he was
ready to fight for his position in
the Dynamos line up.
I am rearing to go. God has
been by my side during the time
that I have been on the sidelines.
I am fit and I am back in the fold.
One thing that I would like to tell
my teammates is that matches
are won in the field of play, so we
have to play and win and stop un-
derrating other teams. Triangle
is a better side by virtue of being
in the final, Mambare said.
Apart from the returning Mam-
bare, DeMbare also welcome
back defensive linkman Steven
Ankela Alimenda, who missed
their last league match. Two-goal
hero against Highlanders in the
TM Pick n Pay Challenge match
Simba Sithole however remains
sidelined by a hamstring injury.
Kalisto Pasuwa who missed the
Young Warriors assignment in
Botswana due to academic com-
mitments is back in the country
and will be looking forward to
taking charge of his troops.
The soft-spoken gaffer has vast
experience in the dressing room
compared to his opposite number
Dynamos has skipper Murape
Murape a veteran of the CAF
Champions League as well as
the local league. Pasuwa also has
other players in his team that
have played in the Absa Premier-
ship in South Africa.
While Zuze has a shortage of
experience in his camp, it will be
dangerous to underrate his team.
He has Tinei Chitora in his at-
tack who once turned for the
Glamour Boys before leaving in
a huff.
Triangle defender Chastern
Ndongonda and winger Nhamo
Lameck were however bubbling
with confidence ahead of the
epic clash.
Ndongonda, who was once skip-
per of the Sugar Sugar Boys be-
fore he was replaced by veteran
defender Willian Munhu Map-
fumo, said they need to up their
game if they are to bag their first
ever trophy today.
This is going to be a tough
match. Everyone in camp knows
very well the task ahead of us but
we have to move a gear up if we
are to beat Dynamos. We will give
our best, Ndongonda said.
Gates will be open at 11am this
morning with an Under-14 cur-
tain raiser match scheduled to
kick off at around 12.
Judgment Yard will provide
entertainment with Sulumani
Chimbetu also billed to perform
from 12 noon up until 1pm.
The cheapest ticket to the sta-
dium has been pegged at US$3
while other upper stands will
cost US$5. VIP will be strictly by
Where it all started . . . (from left) Information and Communication Technology, and Postal and Courier Services minister Webster
Shamhu, Highlanders chairman Peter Dube who is also the PSL vice-chairman and NetOne managing director Reward Kanagi during
the launch of the One Wallet Sup8r Cup in Harare recently.
IT does not need spectacles to see
that there is a big difference in
class between the two OneWallet
Cup finalists Dynamos and Trian-
gle to the extent that statistics and
current form points to a huge Dy-
namos victory.
Yes, it is fact that football histo-
ry is littered with upsets as results
such as Cameroon 1 Argentina 0
prove, but bookmakers are offer-
ing odds that this will not happen
to Dynamos today.
A victory for DeMbare is prem-
ised on the difference in class in
terms of quality between the two
sides in all forms that make up the
game of football.
Some are even putting the chanc-
es of an upset at 20/1 or above as
the OneWallet Cup debate comes to
an end.
Mathias Kufandirimbwa, a for-
mer executive member of the Zim-
babwe National Soccer Support-
ers Association, was straight to the
point. There is no way Triangle
can beat Dynamos when there is
money at stake. Dynamos players
have an appetite for money games,
said Kufandirimbwa.
Statistics and current form
shows that the huge difference
between Dynamos and Triangle
starts with their current stand-
ing on the league table. Dynamos
are way up at the top of the Pre-
miership tree with 46 points from
24 games while Triangle are way
down the perking order on 12th
position with 28 points and facing
Since their promotion into the
Castle Lager Premiership, Tri-
angle have not beaten Dynamos.
They have lost three of their league
meetings with the other ending in a
two-all draw last season.
That is not the end of it. Al-
though enough talent floods in the
two teams changing rooms, Dyna-
mos have too many big match play-
ers compared to Triangle. Most, if
not all of these players are appear-
ing in a cup final for the first time
in their careers.
Oscar Machapa, Simba Sithole,
Tafadzwa Rusike, and Roderick
Mutuma have played in the high-
ly competitive Absa Premiership
in South Africa and a cup final
against Triangle should not scare
There is also the experience of
the likes of Murape Murape who
have seen it all in the CAF Cham-
pions League and not mention-
ing Devon Chafa who was part
of the Zimbabwe team that qual-
ified for the final of the African
Nations Championships (Chan)
but missed out on the finals after
he was suspended for a doping of-
These cannot be compared to the
best of Triangle, the likes of Praise
Tonha, Tineyi Chitora and Taten-
da Tsuro whose highest standard
of football has been Zimbabwe Pre-
mier Soccer League action and are
appearing in a cup final for the first

OCT 5 TO 11, 2014
Star Prole
Marshall Malikula
Tapiwa Zandile Mudekunye
October 5 to 11 2014
Woman & Man
Food & Drink
Style T

Home & Garden
3 Woman Profle
Tapiwa Zandile Mudekunye
5 Motivation
7 Man Profle
Marshall Malikula
9 Home of the Week
Enter our competition
10 Trends
Wicker or woven furniture
12 Gardening
Keep weeds under control
14 Restaurant Guide
Skin Spa Organikk Cafe
15 Brandy
19 Family of the Week
Mr & Mrs Chikandiwa
21 Education
Cover to Cover winners
24 Family Getaway
Summer fun
26 Breaking New Ground
Sharon Hook
28 Bookworm
Women writing Zimbabwe
29 Arts
Celeb news
To advertise in The Standard Style magazine please phone (04) 773930-8 Patience Mutimutema Grace Mushowo Michael Munaki
Prudence Muganiwah
Tapiwa Zandile Mudekunye
October 5 to 11 2014



Thirty-four year old Tapiwa
Zandile Mudekunye is
taking the fashion
world by storm as
she brings a fresh
approach to Afri-
can wear. Born in
Swaziland in 1980
to Zimbabwean
parents, she was
raised in Harare.
Explaining how
her label, Yanai
Fashion, started off,
she says, I started
designing almost two
years ago and it all
started with me creat-
ing designs for myself un-
til I started designing for the
next person and then the next.
It all started with me
wanting to look
different and
ethnic and
Af ri can.
H a v i n g
a n d
o b -
tained a Business Administration degree at
Texas A&M University in the United States
from 2002, Tapiwa relocated back home in 2011
and has not looked back since then.
Passionate about fashion, she says she
loves creating fashion statements using Afri-
can print. There are limitless style possibili-
ties when you design with African print fabric
and I have a lot of fun creating designs for my
label Yanai Fashion. With the key message
associated with Yanai being classy, upscale,
versatile but affordable clothing, her styles
exhibit current trends that fit the everyday
woman, yet maintaining their ethnicity and
African feel. One interesting thing about this
budding artist is that she is one of the main
features to look forward to at the upcoming
Zimbabwe Fashion Weekend which will be
held end of this month.
Her daily life now revolves around build-
ing her brand, as it is still fairly new. She says
it is still work-in-progress. The brand is a
daily journey of discovery and creativity --so
much of my time is spent procuring fabric
and researching about fashion and making
designs to keep up with current trends and
also to create new fashion trends for my style
savvy followers.
The clearly talented mother of one, who
hardly looks her age says what she enjoys
most about what she does is meeting people
in the fashion industry. Zimbabwe is full of
so many fashion creators and I love learning
from them and I certainly draw inspiration
from anyone who is following their passion
and creating something beautiful.
Turning to her family, Tapiwa, a divorcee,
says her 16-year-old son Tatenda certainly
keeps her life very interesting, and adds,
Its a cool job being the mother of a
teenage boy!
The bubbly, vibrant Tapi-
wa says she always tells herself
to remain positive despite
challenges. I try to always
stay positive and true to
myself no matter how
much chaos is around me. I
always listen to the little voice
in my head no matter how much
noise there is. So far, that keeps me
going without focusing on any particu-
lar difficulty.
Keeping a very small circle of friends is
one of the ways in which she ensures that
she does not subscribe to too much pres-
sure. I value those that value me and I am
faithful to those that are faithful to me.
I have a very small circle of friends and
those I consider family and I just want to
stay true to myself at all times without
prescribing to any kind of pressure or
school of thought.
What is perhaps intriguing about
Tapiwa is that regardless of her pro-
fessional qualifications and experi-
ence in the insurance industry after
having worked under that field for 7
years while in Texas, she is exuding
so much talent in the fashion busi-
ness that it seems like she has been around
for a long while. I must say I never thought
I would be doing this but I am thankful that
I discovered my love for fashion design. I am
lucky enough to be doing something I love.
Tapiwa says her biggest achievement
would be opening her own studio and store as
all her dreams and aspirations are linked to
that. I see it in my mind and it will be fabu-
lous when it happens!
A music fan with love for live performanc-
es, Tapiwa says she has quite an eclectic music
collection and attends a lot of live afro-fusion
shows by the likes of Hope Masike, Mokoomba
and Victor Kunonga. All my other fun is de-
rived from working in fashion, although I also
love cooking and baking I would have ended
up in culinary art if I hadnt chosen fashion.
The kitchen is one of the coolest places to
hang out and be creative.
Although currently not directly involved
in any community projects, Tapiwa is having
preliminary discussions with a local charity
organisation which she would like to partner
with for the benefit of the orphans they are re-
sponsible for.
Tapiwa cites her twin sister and her moth-
er as her biggest role models. They are in-
spiring women who work so hard in whatever
they are involved in. My sister is my biggest
cheerleader and my mum is a great example
of hard work and perseverance at whatever
she embarks on.
Although Tapiwa says she is heavily in-
spired by her customers who crave an adven-
turous dress sense, she is actually quite an or-
dinary woman, often preferring to keep things
very simple. Her simplicity however has no
bearing on her capabilities as a creative de-
signer, as she says she is all about her brand
and pleasing her customers.
A firm believer that people should follow
their dreams and listen to their hearts as op-
posed to bowing down to pressure, Tapiwas
parting shot is, All I can say is believe in your-
self and surround yourself with people that
believe in you, but are very honest with you at
all times. Dont give up even when sometimes
the journey seems so uphill, and follow your
I always listen to the little voice in my head no matter how much noise there is
only use clear nail polish that is not dated, and to only use this
trick on custom jewellery.
October 5 to 11 2014
Shamiso Catherine Ruzvidzo
hoosing a wedding venue can be an over-
whelming experience. It seems there is
a new venue opening in Harare every
month. You may already have an idea of
the venues you would like to consider, your
friends and relatives may also have several
suggestions for you. By the time you have vis-
ited eight of these, you may start to feel con-
Start your venue search at least 10 - 12
months before your wedding date. Before you
start the venue search, decide what you are
looking for in a venue. Decide what is fun-
damental this will make your search less
stressful. This week I had the pleasure of tak-
ing a lovely, vibrant young engaged couple
on a venue search, and their fundamental re-
quirements were:
A garden venue where they could have
their ceremony,
reception and photo shoot, all on the same
A venue with a water feature, such as dam,
a river, a
swimming pool or a fountain.
A venue that would permit them to work
with a wedding planner of their
choice, as well as a decorator and caterer
of their choice.
When you visit a venue that you are consider-
ing, there are a several important questions
that you need to ask. I have touched on a few
What is the maximum capacity of the
It would help if you have done a provisional
guest list for your wedding, because this will
give you a realistic idea of the number of
guests you are expecting. This way you can be
Rufaro Mushonga
Image source:;;
FASHION POLICE - Never be caught wearing a pair of
stockings with overrun tears, that stretch from knee to toe.
DIY nail polish tricks
Choosing your wedding venue
Nail polish can be utilised for many uses than simply for manicure
and pedicure application. Nail polish can also be used as a DIY
method for solving every day dilemmas. Here are some essential
handy tips on DIY tricks with nail polish.
1. Perhaps the most known DIY method of utilising nail pol-
ish is using a clear colour to stop a run in a stocking. When
you first notice a run in your stockings, grab a clear nail pol-
ish and paint over both ends of the tear. This is not always a
permanent choice however, you will find the more you wear
the stockings the tear may overrun the nail polish. Its always
recommended to replace stockings every few months.
2. Not being able to mend or replace our favourite shoe can
be disappointing. However you can always fill in scratches or
tares with nail polish. Ensure that the nail polish is the exact
colour of the shoe and apply a double coat to ensure even fill-
3. There is nothing more frustrating than trying to get thread
into a needle, especially if the thread is frayed. Quick solve -
Grab a clear nail polish and paint the end of the thread, once
it drys it hardens making it easier to slip the thread into the

4. Clear nail polish can be used for preventing costume jewel-
lery from tarnishing. Grab all your old and new costume jew-
ellery and brush them over with clear nail polish. The clear
polish helps lock in the air, making it appear new. Be sure to
Print Shoes
sure that you will choose a venue that can ac-
commodate all your guests.
Is the venue available on the chosen
If the venue is not available on your preferred
date, and you have decided that it is definite-
ly the venue of your dreams, you can opt to
change your date, especially if you have given
yourself enough time to plan.
Is the venue registered and licensed?
There are several venues that are not regis-
tered or licensed. You may believe that this is
not your problem, or you dont really need to
know, but your venue could be closed down if
the authorities decide to pay them a visit. So
make sure that you choose a legitimate venue.
Can I bring in my own caterer, or do I
have to use the venues caterer?
If the venue has an in-house caterer, arrange
to meet with the Chef, and arrange a food
tasting with them. The advantages of having
an in-house caterer is you have less to worry
about, and less service providers to deal with.
Your food will be prepared at the venue and
will be fresh. Of course the disadvantage is
you may not like their food, or you may have
a caterer that you have always wanted to use
for your wedding.
Can I bring in my own tent, furniture and
These days many venues are offering an all-
inclusive package, meaning that the venue
comes with a caterer, tent, all furniture, dcor
and flowers. Often a venue with a package like
this will be less costly, in order to entice you.
It is important that you see what a venue like
this is selling. Remember that if you do not
like their dcor, or their tent, you cannot bring
in your own.
If you would like to make your own choices,
then opt for a venue that gives you the flex-
ibility to choose the key service providers that
you want.
Rufaro Mushonga
October 5 to 11 2014
Cynthia Hakutangwi
Human beings live in one of three paradigms
where the pendulum swings and begs a ques-
tion on the stately doors of Survival, Success
or Significance. The choices that we make
throughout the journey of life will determine
the doors we enter, the corridors we navigate
and our levels of fulfilment. Whilst strategic
thinking and planning are undoubtedly criti-
cal for achieving a fulfilled life, it is tragic that
this important task is very often relegated
to an unforeseeable future simply because it
does not register urgency within our prioriti-
sation matrix.
The term strategic is derived from the
Greek verb stratego, which means to plan
the destruction of ones enemies through the
effective use of resources. With this under-
standing, it is important to establish that the
life that every individual has is the greatest
resource which has been availed to them. It
is within this life that other resources such as
time, gifts, talents, skills and abilities are pro-
vided. The continued success of an individual
is therefore dependent on their ability to con-
sistently evaluate if they are making the best
use of all the resources that have been availed
to them. In committing to making better de-
cisions in the present, individuals become
greatly empowered to live an abundant life
where they can leave an enduring legacy and
an inheritance to succeeding generations.
A tangible and measurable product of stra-
tegic thinking is a simple tool often referred
to as the Strategic Life Plan (SLP). This tool
is designed to prepare for the future ahead of
time. In previous articles we established that
we are all bio-psychosocial spiritual beings
as mankind. Since the dimensions of life are
all interrelated decisions, one dimension can
positively or negatively influence the other
areas. For this plan to be meaningful and ef-
fective it must therefore target a minimum of
these six areas: Family and home, financial
and career, spiritual and ethical, physical and
health, social and cultural, intellectual/men-
tal and educational.
In this first part of the series we will consider
five key components which are the pillars of
the process. We will then conduct a brutal
self-introspection as we examine these foun-
dational areas of our plan.
1. Vision: When you create your vision, you
are considering the big picture. What type of
life do you envision for your childrens chil-
dren? What mental picture do you have that
will inspire, encourage, energise motivate and
stimulate you into making what you see a re-
2. Mission: Your mission speaks to your life
purpose. What problem have you been called
to solve? Consider your life as a seed. In what
ways have you been called to plant your gifts,
talents, skills and abilities that will extend be-
yond your lifetime?
3. Strategy: Your strategy is your plan to effec-
tively use what you have been given to make
the vision and promise of your life a reality.
What is in your hand and within your reach?
What do you really do well? What do you need
to consider doing differently? What opportu-
nities are available to you that you have not
even considered?
4. Goals: Your goal is the intended end of your
strategy. It is specific and helps to direct your
attention on what you desire in the future.
What goals can you begin to work on now
that can positively impact succeeding genera-
tions? What goals can you consider setting for
your children and childrens children that are
to be achieved beyond your lifetime?
Others may not necessarily understand
the difference between a dream and a goal.
The difference is distinct. Goal setting is the
process of deciding what you want to accom-
plish and devising a plan to achieve the re-
sult you desire. Writing down the goal(s) is a
critical component here. A dream on the other
hand can continue to enjoy free occupation of
ones mental state void of any plan of action.
Specific timelines can be immediate (within
12 months), short term (1-2 years), Interme-
diate (2-10 years), Long term (over 10 years),
Next Generation -1 (your children) or Next
Generation -2 (your grandchildren).
5. Budget: Your budget is your resource plan.
Some of your resources include your time,
gifts, talents, skills and your money. Your vi-
sion needs provision. What will it cost to bring
the vision you have embraced to come to pass?
Strategic planning and thinking require
courage, time and effort. We tend to procrasti-
nate when we put off things that we should be
focusing on right now, usually in favour of do-
ing something that is more enjoyable or that
we are more comfortable doing. This week we
urge you to move out of your comfort zone
and begin to develop some frameworks as you
either newly embark on or review your exist-
ing strategic life plan. As 2014 comes to a con-
clusion, let us be encouraged to desist from
the traditional behaviour of merely writing
New Years Resolutions and instead commit to
thinking and planning strategically.
Cynthia is a Communications and Personal
Development Consultant, a Life Coach, Author,
and Strategist. She is the Managing Consult-
ant of Wholeness Incorporated. Her published
book titles include: The Whole You Vital Keys
for Balanced Living and Intelligent Conversa-
tions: A mindset shift towards a developed Afri-
ca. E-mail: cynthia@wholenessincorporated.
Strategic thinking: Planning ahead
for 2015 and beyond (Part 1)
Sores on Your Feet
uilding up towards the castle of your
greater purpose is never easy. Why
should it be? Nor, unlike Ancient Rome,
can the castle be built overnight. Along
the path of your journey towards the discov-
ery of yourself and that of your purpose,
strewn along are the merx that may come
across as worthy at first sight. Your jour-
ney, full of much ponder and deliberation as
it should be, may have started off at a time
when these things mattered, the merx. But
time has passed by and the sores on your feet
have beckoned better your ponder and de-
liberation, than have your possessions, the
merx. The sores on your feet tell a story of
how far along the treacherous path you have
come. They remind you that your journey
has only but begun and that it continues to
be worthy. They affirm your conviction to-
wards a grander purpose. All said and done,
the possessions that you once thought worthy
pale apart in comparison. You, my friend, de-
spite the visible merx, havent arrived. The
journey has only but just begun.
4. Cars and cell phones
If all things were fair in the present day and
you didnt have bills to pay, on average you
would take home US$400 in exchange for a
months work. In fact, you could buy a good
car for cash every 10 months and, by the same
token, you would own about six cars in five
years. Interesting thought perhaps. Even
more interesting is this. The maximum util-
ity that you could derive from six cars is argu-
ably the same as that of one car. In essence,
you couldnt possibly move from place A to B
simultaneously six times over, nor could your
one car possibly accumulate more deprecia-
tion in comparison. Then theres the inter-
esting case of cell phones. When cell phones
hit the Zimbabwean market in the 1990s and
Simon Chimbetu became known as Mr Cell-
phone because he always had one on his
belt during his performances, perhaps cell
phones were assets then. In 2014 however,
when the Chinese and the Indians make cell-
phones at a cost below the poverty datum line
of a few countries, cell phones have evidently
become consumables. Perhaps you are better
off buying transferable shares in the compa-
ny which makes them, rather than investing
in the most expensive cars and cell phones.
5. Ignorance
Some say that ignorance is bliss and others
even put it more succinctly and assert, in met-
aphor, that what you dont know will not kill
you. However, an alternate school of thought
will say that ignorance can be equated to,
again in metaphor, dying a slow death. Think
about it. Anything and everything that has
the potential to influence your life, whether
positively or negatively, begins with the con-
ception of an original idea by someone else.
Its when that idea is converted into such
impacting action when your conscious con-
tribution matters the most. In other words,
the more you know about anything and eve-
rything, the less money you spend as a more
knowledgeable consumer, the bigger the gap
between those whom you rely on to live and
those who rely on you for the same, the more
youre capable of contributing positively to
the grander scheme of an increasingly frag-
ile society. In essence, read more and listen

6. Life
Life, by any measure, is your most valuable
possession. It is priceless but unfortunately
it is consumable in only one sitting. It is ir-
reversible and it is irreplaceable. Many phi-
losophers illustrate how anyones life can be
lived for a purpose or wastefully and, there-
fore like in the case of the wheel, its impos-
sible to invent any other novel virtues. But
the one thing to remember is this. If you can
live your life every day in the pursuance of
a purpose which will transform itself into
a legacy which your grandchildren can
share with others long after you are gone,
like Chief Mandla Mandela does in remem-
brance of his grandfather Nelson Mandela,
then your purposeful journey has just begun.
Tafadzwa Taruvinga is a Customer Service Con-
sultant and the first author of a book on Customer
Service Excellence in Zimbabwe, entitled Serve
Your Customers EXCELLENTLY, Or Not At All!,
published in June 2014. He is also a Member of
the Advisory Council of Customer Value Creation
International (CVCI). Tafadzwa can be contacted
on e-mail at and his pro-
file is available on www.customervaluecreation.
A thought for six perishable possessions [Part II]
Tafadzwa Zimunhu Taruvinga
October 5 to 11 2014
They say one should be comfortable in the
skin they live in. Its no mean feat but its at-
tainable, its a mission possible. The skin is
the largest body organ, it only makes sense
that one pampers it. I would like to dispel
myths that black skin does not crack. No
matter, how thick your skin is, it is prone to
weather elements. Take a leaf from nature,
even elephants take a mud bath when its time
to cool down. Skin care is of the essence for
all men. Nourished skin is a barrier against
infections and the reverse is true for neglected
skin which is more prone to; acne, premature
aging, rashes, razor bumps and eczema.
There are five different basic skin types; oily,
combination, dry, sensitive and sun-damaged.
Like most people reading this page, I bet you
are curious to know which class your skin is.
Here is a DIY tip on how to conduct a skin test.
Wash your face, pat it dry, then take a few piec-
es of facial tissue and press on different parts
of your face. If your skin is oily the paper will
stick, get oil stained or translucent. If the tis-
sue paper doesnt pick up any oily spots, your
skin is dry. If it sticks in your T - Zone then
you have Combination skin. T-Zone refers to
the forehead, nose and chin. Outlined below
are skin care tips; if you follow these steps,
promise your skin will thank you for smoth-
ering it. Contrary to popular belief caring for
your skin will not emasculine you.
Marshall Malikula
STEP 1 Cleansing
Find the one good cleanser that your skin
responds well to and stick with it. Avoid
bar soaps as they tend to dry your skin.
There is no need to spend a fortune,
raid your fridge for milk and yoghurt to
cleanse organically. Never wash your face
with hot or cold water, both can cause
broken capillaries.
STEP 2 Exfoliate
There are several exfoliating options, you
can buy a great scrub or make your own.
I prefer sugar or mealie-meal scrubs as
they are readily available.
STEP 3 Moisturise
So how much should you moisturise?
When your skin is tight and ashy, it is
obviously thirsty. Our natural tip is extra
virgin olive oil or vegetable oil, this is ef-
fective when applied to damp skin.
STEP 4 Apply sunscreen
I would like to dispel a myth that black
people do not get sun burn. I got extreme-
ly charred when I visited the lowveld with
bare skin, my skin peeled like I had scales.
Sunburn is the number 1 cause of wrin-
kles. So its important to use a sunscreen
of at least 30 SPF even in winter and on
cloudy days.
Mens skin care
Plain black Wayfarers
All images in this article are courtesy of Google. Marshall Malikula is a Stylist/ Image Consultant

October 5 to 11 2014
Star Profle
Prudence Muganiwah
He is an image consultant, a styl-
ist, a mentor and a writer over
and above having a 9-5 job as
Brand Manager with one of
the leading clothing retailers
in Zimbabwe. He describes
himself as creative, artsy
with a very good business
Marshall Malikula clearly
wears a lot of caps, but his
passion is in fashion, space/
interior design, and events
management. I believe fashion
chose me, fashion flows in my
veins. From childhood I had a
unique dress sense. I was the
child who looked good
all the time, he
explains, add-
ing that
he used
to pick
h i s
c l o t h e s
for church
and Civvies
Despite being co-
erced to study com-
mercials at A level,
Marshall says given
a choice he would
have studied and pur-
sued Fine Arts and
eventually fashion.
Coincidentally my
first job was in fashion
and I have not looked
back since. I love all im-
age-orientated things, I
am a visual person. I be-
lieve pictures are worth
a thousand words. More recently I was
surprised to discover my hidden talent
and passion for writing. I am writing a
novel which I hope to publish in 2015.
The fashion enthusiast, who also offers
advice and tips on grooming, lists one
of his biggest life achievements thus far
as being a semi-finalist in the Newbury
Designer of the Year Competition when
he was younger. I secretly entered the
competition and went all the way to the
Marshalls fashion expertise spans be-
yond the national boundaries as he has
five years experience of working as head
of Visual Department for Woolworths,
Botswana where he managed to get an
award for Visual Excellence in 2009. He
has also worked with Miss Botswana as
well as several other beauty pageants
locally. His expertise includes casting
models, choreographing fashion shows
and styling all shoots for Edgars and Jet
stores in Zimbabwe. The industry is a
lot of work, you have to put on a seamless
show, but working with gorgeous and fun
people is certainly a plus too.
Not surprisingly, the outdoorsy Marshall
lists dirt as one of his pet peeves. I am
a squeaky clean person. I am probably
OCD . . . The litter on our streets really
bothers me. Inasmuch as I love people I
also dont like crowded spaces and holier
than thou people, they seriously get to
The gentleman who likes staying on the
positive side of things, says he cannot be
put into a mould as he is as gentle as he is
fiery. I guess I am eccentric in a way . .
. a very liberal thinker who loves nature.
Sounds like I am tooting my own horn
but I am very energetic.
A self-confessed lover of all the finer
things in life, he says his friends and
family tell him You love things! Above
all I love God, I am a Christian.
Asked whether he as a family, the spirit-
ed Marshall says, Hahaha, yes of course
I have family. I got four wives and 62 chil-
dren . . . just kidding! I am desperately
single . . .so if you are blonde and got
blue eyes . . .hit me up! My father is late,
my mom recently moved in with me and
I have three beautiful sisters.
He does, however mention that one of his
biggest challenges has been losing a lot
of his close relatives in the past 10 years.
I found it hard to cope with new respon-
sibilities family wise and that affected
my work at some point, but I shook it off.
I never give up, I got nerves of steel.
Marshall pays special tribute to his ma-
ternal grandmother, the late Lydia Mzon-
do who raised him up, adding that he is
forever grateful for the role she played
in his life. A natural peoples person,
Marshall admits that he makes friends
and family with people he meets, I also
adopted a lot of brothers along the way,
recently picked honorary Congolese sta-
tus from my friends cum brothers. I love
people and you are my family no matter
what race, colour, sex or religion you are.
Thats just me for you!
As part of his work, Marshall gets to do
a lot of travelling, which he says is one
of the best parts. The world is literally
your oyster in this business, and you get
to meet a lot of awesome people.
Ever the optimist, Marshall hopes one
day to establish Zimbabwe as a future
fashion capital of the world by bring-
ing all local creative people together and
consolidate talent, which he says seems a
bit polarised right now.
He adds that he draws inspiration from
people who beat the odds and have a zeal
for life despite what life throws at them.
It could be fighting cancer, racism,
starting a business venture from scratch,
till one reaches mogul status. My all-time
muse is biblical Joseph, a fine young
man who overcame death, obstacles, and
had to become the governor of Egypt.
One thing I know is you cant keep a good
man down.
Advising the younger folk whom he has
so much passion for, he says, God gave
all of us different talents, identify yours
and run with it. Take time to learn your
craft but most of all put your ideas into
Marshall Malikula
I believe fashion chose me, fashion fows in my veins . . .

I found it hard to cope

with new responsibili-
ties family wise and
that afected my work
at some point, but I
shook it of. I never
give up, I got nerves of

October 5 to 11 2014 8 THE STANDARD STYLE / MAN / WHEELS

he all-new C-Class Mercedes-Benz is de-
fining new benchmarks in the premium
mid-luxury segment. A sensuous, clear
design, a sporty interior with high-class
appeal and a generous sense of space, the
lightest body shell in the segment, economi-
cal and lively engines, efficiency benchmarks,
extensive safety features, a new agile and com-
fortable suspension as well as a host of other
innovations create the impression of an up-
grade to a higher class of vehicle. This will be
the perfect accessory for the senior executive
driving to that meeting at a local hotel or to a
golf match leaving others green with envy. Its
available in the Zimoco showroom.
The new C-Class has a sensuous and clear
design and offers a host of technical innova-
tions as well as a comprehensive scope of
standard equipment, exemplary emissions
and fuel consumption figures.
Production of the new C-Class is in four
locations and on four continents: in Bremen
(Germany), East London (South Africa), Bei-
jing (China) and for the first time also in Tus-
caloosa (Alabama, USA).
The new C-Class offers new dimensions
with regard to technology, ecology, comfort,
high-class appeal and fun at the wheel and
equally regarding the sense of space. The C-
Class has grown to take account of people's in-
creasing average height. With an 80-millimetre
increase in the wheelbase (2 840 millimetres)
compared with the previous model, the vehi-
cle is 95 millimetres longer (4 686 millimetres)
and 40 millimetres wider (1810 millimetres).
The resulting increase in space benefits the
rear-seat passengers, who now travel in even
more comfort, and creates room for the new
front axle and future hybrid components. At
480 litres the new C-Class also surpasses its
predecessor in terms of boot capacity (in ac-
cordance with ISO 3832).
In some measurements the new C-Class
even approaches or surpasses the E Class mod-
el series that made design history in 1995 with
Fact Jeke
Contact our Product Executives:
Vincent 0772 759 810, Lawrence 0772 873 116, Webster 0714 659 133
Tel: (04) 702 650/8
Contact our Product Executives:
Francis 0772 962 537, Raymond 0772 777 044
Tel Nos: (04) 882 560, 882 310
3rd St. / George Silundika Ave.
Shop III.
Terms & conditions apply. E&OE. Jeep is a registered trademark of Chrysler Group LLC.
The all-new Jeep Cherokee is as distinctive as it looks. With a commanding road
presence, available four-wheel drive systems, exclusive rear axle disconnect and
precision-crafted interior with premium materials and state-of-the-art technology.
Warranty 36 months or 100 000km Finance available
New 2014 Jeep Cherokee from $57 799 (including duty)
its distinctive four-headlamp look. Wheelbase,
track and width are actually larger while
many interior dimensions are on about the
same level. This growth spurt benefits first
and foremost comfort. What is more, the bare
figures substantiate that the new C-Class se-
dan also provides the measurable and not
purely subjective benefits of an "upgrade to a
higher class of vehicle" thanks to high-quality
appointments and innovative technology.
This vehicle sets visual highlights with a
striking, dynamic design that exudes sensu-
ous clarity while arousing emotions at the
same time. Customers can choose from two
fronts sporty with a central star or reserved
solely for the EXCLUSIVE line the classic
sedan grille with the Mercedes-Benz star on
the bonnet, which puts particular emphasis
on the status and reputation of the sedan. The
interior spaciously and stylishly showcases
straightforward sportiness and aesthetic el-
egance with high-quality materials and finely
crafted details worthy of the luxury class with
surprising new design ideas. In addition to the
base model, there are also three distinct de-
sign and equipment lines each for the exterior
and interior.
With regard to technical features the new
C-Class surpasses its successful predecessor
in many areas and sets a multitude of new
benchmarks in its segment besides. With an
aluminium content of 48% and up to 100 kilo-
grams lighter the sedan is the lightweight-de-
sign leader in its segment competing with the
Jaguar XF and the BMW 5 series.
Among the outstanding characteristics
of the new C-Class are also the best ride com-
fort especially with first-ever AIRMATIC air
suspension in this segment the best NVH fig-
ures (noise, vibration, harshness) for comfort
and driver- fitness safety, the best wind noise
index, the most advanced and extensive as-
sistance systems, innovative technology with
multifunctional touchpad, head-up display,
and GPS-controlled climate comfort. The out-
standing safety substantiates the high stand-
ards which Mercedes-Benz as a safety pioneer
also satisfies in the new C-Class it not only
garners benchmarks in all national ratings
around the world, but also meets the even
more demanding Mercedes in-house require-
ments, which even more precisely reflect what
actually happens in real-life accidents.
C-Class customers have a choice from
three versions of the standard-specification
steel suspension, which also includes a very
sporty set-up. As an alternative Mercedes-
Benz, for the first time, offers an air suspen-
sion in this segment. The AIRMATIC air sus-
pension manages to bridge the gap between a
high level of ride comfort and dynamic-agile
Powerful and efficient petrol and diesel
engines, all equipped with the ECO start/stop
function provide for lively performance and
great fun at the wheel. They are also a factor
in cutting fuel consumption by up to 20 per-
cent compared with the preceding model. Lo-
cally our fuel prices are going up on a regular
basis so cutting fuel costs is key. Among them
is also the four-cylinder diesel engine with a
displacement of 2143 cc.
Five four-cylinder petrol engines with
power outputs ranging from 115 to 150 kW
is whats initially be available for the new C-
The diesel model of the new C-Class is
powered by the further enhanced four-cylin-
der, which as BlueTEC model is equipped with
SCR technology (selective catalytic reduc-
tion). The C 220 BlueTEC has an output of 125
kW and 400 Nm of torque.
Priced competitively, additional informa-
tion can be obtained from Daphne Ritson and
her team at Zimoco. Finance options and oth-
er details will be availed by the sales team.
Additional Source: Quickpic Sa & Mercedes
Benz SA
High class appeal New C-Class Mercedes Benz
Specifcation: JPEG minimum size
2MB picture quality 300dpi
This weeks code:
October 5 to 11 2014 10 THE STANDARD STYLE / HOME & GARDEN / TRENDS
Noma Ndlovu
Wicker or Woven furniture
ring the outdoors in your home by incor-
porating wicker or woven furniture into
your house. This breaks the formality of
leather and creates a more relaxed play-
ful yet elegant furnishing style.
Wicker is versatile and can be made using
organic plant material or it can be woven us-
ing synthetic fibres. It works well both indoor
and outdoor. Organic Wicker is most suitable
for indoors as it is more delicate and needs to
be shaded from the harsh weather elements.
Synthetic wicker on the other hand is more
robust and suitable for the outdoors and can
be UV stabilised so that it does not crack from
exposure to the sun. You can mix it with differ-
ent woods as a base trim or glass as a topper to
make it all the more fabulous.
Indoor Wicker
Looks fabulous in the Sun lounger, dining
area or as a headboard in your bedroom. Go
for separate pieces to create a story. Suites
tend to be limiting when it comes to styling
and dcor.
In a conservatory, orangery , glass house
or sun lounge or verandah wicker furniture
stands out as it can be dressed with any col-
our fabric for cushions. I love white washed
organic wicker as it reflects whatever colour
you choose for your cushions. Teak is always
first choice to use for wood base trims.
Choose your dining chairs wisely so they
can flow with the rest of the furniture in the
house. Mismatching your dining chairs is the
on trend and why not mix leather with wicker
for added zazzle? Or match your fabric uphol-
stered chairs with wicker dining chairs or
added sophistication. Endless possibilities to
what you can do with wicker.

In the Gazebo or Pergola
Most often we look at Wicker as substandard
furniture. In fact wicker helps you showcase
your colours and fabric choices; it embraces
both the outdoor and indoor perfectly giving
you the perfect opportunity to change your
colour schemes with the seasons. You virtu-
ally create any style you want without break-
ing the bank.

Cushions for your Wicker
It is always best to buy hard foam for your base
cushions. Hard foam better handles weight
and will always bounce back to original shape.
This will last longer than soft foam. Use up-
holstery fabric that is neutral in colour but
strong in texture and form to keep its struc-
ture. Stitching detail is important as it serves
a dual purpose for style and durability. Out-
door cushions also need to be UV stabilised to
maintain their colour and texture. Colour is
always a powerful way to express your style.
Soft comfy cushions will always invite you to
relax. Ensure that they have zips and are ma-
chine washable for easy maintenance.

The good thing about wicker is its available
in various textures and affordable prices. You
can even have it custom made by our local
weaving tradesman that we see on the road-
side or at shopping centres. Should you choose
to use our local tradesmen, ensure they under-
stand your concept and colour choice before
they do the work for you. Till then Love your
Credits www.luxeinteriors+,,
Noma Ndlovu is an Interior Designer & Prop-
erty Stylist. Feedback on unaminkosi@yahoo.
Wicker or Woven furniture
Bold colour
choices to
show of
your great
October 5 to 11 2014
Chocolate, Coffee & Cream
Treat your home this season by giving it a cosy warm winter interior. Don't be afraid to use your
imagination and make each room reflect your personality and preferences . But keep it practical. This
week our colour scheme is inspired by our delectable winter indulgences - chocolate, coffee and
The finish you choose for your walls is probably one of the biggest decisions you have to make when
you're designing as they are the biggest most prominent feature in the room. Creamy hot chocolate
is a great feature wall colour for making a statement in a living room. You can set off your living room
furniture against this decadent colour making them stand out. If your lounge suite is brown don't panic.
Accessories are your lifeline. Keep things simple and bring interest to the space with highlights of
colour through your accessories and art. Rich, tactile textures, such as leather, sheepskin, suede and
velvet, can be used to build up layers of warmth and character.
Remember, the idea is to use the colours mixed and not matched. For a less dramatic but equally
same effect , choose a wall to make a focal point in your living room. Go ahead and rescue those old
family photos and get them up the wall so you can enjoy them. Visit a professional frame shop to help
select out the right frame for each piece. Once framed group them together for impact on your wall. A
great tip is to keep these prints black and white. When you photograph people in colour, you
photograph their outfits. But black and white captures the essence of a natural setting and goes past
the exterior to photograph the soul.
Theres nothing quite like snuggling up to a warm cup of coffee with a spew of sweet cream to cozy
up those cold days. Bring this same indulgence into the way you accessorize your space. Filled,
empty, individual or grouped, vases offer the perfect finishing touch for any room. Add mellow mood
to your dining room by choosing your favourite glass vase, set a collection of cream candles into it
and fill the base with coffee beans. Then select other items in a similar colour from table runners to
flowers. Dont be afraid to go for texture in fabrics. But avoid lots of pattern , as these tend to always
distract from the simplicity of the look.
Winter is all around you, so don't neglect your bedroom as well. Use banding on cushions, pull out the
throws, add a fluffy bean bag for a wintry, cosy feel.
Enjoy snuggling into your home this week!
ets face it, compact living is not just
for those who live in small flats. In fact,
whether a family stays in a one-bedroom
flat or a three-bedroom house, chances are
its members will claim to need more space, es-
pecially in the realm of storage. Many of us
have more necessary stuff than we could ac-
commodate in our homes and at the same time
to save enough space for comfortable living.
Therefore, its no surprise that a wide range
of new space-saving furniture selections are
now available. Modular furniture, compact
furniture and dual-purpose furnishings are
a few of the space-saving solutions that have
caught our eye for this month.
We begin in the living room, which is of-
ten the hub of the home. Dont assume that
compact living equals boring furniture. Your
living room shouldnt serve the same storage
function as your closet, but you will probably
need to use at least part of the space as storage
for items like DVDs, magazines, books and col-
So lets start with the obvious. If you have
a small living room, you cant have an abun-
dance of giant furniture. The placement of
your furniture is key to maximising your
space. Choose furniture pieces that are small
enough to fit in the space but large enough to
serve a purpose. Having limited space should
also inspire you to choose a furnishing that
can serve more than one purpose.
For instance, using a stylish ottoman that
opens up, to store unwanted clutter is a great
solution [1]. At the same time if you need a
place to rest your feet or need an extra seat for
a guest you can use the same ottoman! Or if
you prefer hiding your clutter in undercover
storage units; get foot stools /cubes that can
slip easily under your coffee table [2]. Chil-
drens toys can be stashed inside these units
for easy access and they look great in almost
any room.
Living rooms are called on to do a lot of
entertaining, but finding spots for guests to
sit isnt always easy. So, without sacrificing
comfort, consider compact furniture. Look for
plush but armless chairs, to go with an arm-
less couch, and or a slender-armed sofa [3]. A
good buy would be a sofa that turns into a bed,
which works great in any flat.
If your living room is longer than it is wide,
go with furnishings that are long and lean [4].
Basically, narrow spaces require narrow piec-
es. Purchase modular furniture that can be
moved at a moments notice. One of the most
popular modular options is the use of two end
tables as one long coffee table [5]. If you need
to open up the middle of the room, simply put
them away in a corner, or on either side of
the sofa. On a similar note, going with fewer
furnishings can make it possible to accommo-
date larger pieces; only if they are carefully
selected and create a balanced atmosphere for
your living room.
Margarita. 2009. Clever Space Saving Ideas for Small Room
Layouts. [O].
Accessed on 2014/09/23
Simmons, K. 2012. Space-Saving Design Ideas for Small Living
Rooms. [O].
Accessed on 2014/09/23
Simmons, K. 2013. 22 Space-Saving Furniture Ideas. [O].
Accessed on 2014/09/23
Small Room Solutions: Living Rooms. [Sa]. [O].
Accessed on 2014/09/23
[1] Source: Kohls. Image by Unknown
[2] Source: Ebay . Image by Unknown
[3] Source: Lovehome. Image by Unknown
[4] Source: Guatacrazynight. Image by Unknown
[5] Source: Panik-Design. Image by Unknown
Email: Cell: +263 772 277397
October 5 to 11 2014
Tips for maintaining your garden now that
spring is in full swing:
1. Late spring is a good time to prune or
deadhead some of the early shrubs once
they have finished flowering. When
pruning, make sure to thin out the older
wood to improve the form and vigour of
your plants.
2. Weed your beds now is when the
seedlings of invasive or weedy plants are
just getting established. This will make
summer care of your beds a little easier
as fewer of the weed seedlings will get
10 ways to get your garden ready for summer
3. Once all of your garden plants have begun
growth, divide those that may be a bit
overgrown or aggressive. Pot up the extra
plants and give to family and friends or
host a sidewalk sale and donate the
proceeds to charity.
4. Consider adding hummingbird and butter
fly feeders to attract these colourful
species to your garden.
5. Ensure that water features (birdbaths,
etc.) are kept clean and emptied every few
days to eliminate breeding sites for
Spring moisture is usually followed by warm
temperatures. This means weeds begin to
grow. When my daughter was little, she used
to believe that the weed fairy came every night
and danced over the garden, planting seeds to
grow weeds. She may have been right. Weeds
never seem to have any difficulty growing,
and they pop up almost overnight.
Weeds can be a problem if you let them get
out of control. The good news is that if you
stay on top of the situation, the task of weed-
ing is not a big deal and actually becomes a
part of the many therapeutic benefits the gar-
den offers us.
The bad news is that there are few natural
herbicides that meet certified organic stand-
ards and are safe to use in your garden. Do
not be deceived by companies that promote
their weed-killing products as earth-friendly
and with no residual effects. Upon closer look,
you will discover that these products are not
harmless. They often kill beneficial insects
and pollinators like honeybees, and many
times the company will say in the cautions
not to use near water supplies. This is because
these products can be damaging to water qual-
ity and toxic to water wildlife like fish, frogs
and salamanders (all of which are great crit-
ters for gardeners to welcome, as they help
manage insect pests).
Even with all of the new products on the
market, there arent any safe chemical herbi-
cides. There are a number of ways, however,
by which you can keep weeds under control
and rest assured that the plants you harvest
have not been subjected to dangerous chemi-
cals and are safe to use for foods, medicines,
body-care products and other herbal appli-
cations. By utilizing nonchemical weeding
methods, you will also have the peace of mind
that comes from knowing you are taking care
of your piece of the earth in a responsible and
ethical fashion. What better reason can there
be for doing the job by hand?
6. Set up a deep watering schedule to
promote good root development. A well-
developed root system will help plants
weather dry spells in the summer. It is
best to water early in the morning. Once
the warm weather arrives, a deep soaking
once a week of at least two to three
centimetres of water is optimal.
7. This is a good time to ensure you have a
good cover of mulch on garden beds to
conserve moisture, reduce weeds and keep
the soil layer cooler in the heat of summer.
8. Trim branches and shape shade trees to
allow them to heal over the coming
growing season.
9. Keep a log (with photographs) of the birds
and insects in your garden. Insects, birds
and bats can be great natural pest
controllers. Determine which are
beneficial for control of problematic pests
and research ways to maintain them in
your garden.
10. Many local horticultural societies and
gardening groups advertise tours of
private gardens over the course of the
summer. Consider signing up with one of
Keep Weeds Under Control
(1,2) Skin Spa Organikk Caf
(3) Lebbie
(4) Cooking with Rumbie
In this issue
of Food & Drink
2 3 4
October 5 to11 2014
14 THE STANDARD STYLE / EATING OUT / Skin Spa Organikk Caf
Dusty Miller

(Neither StandardPlus nor Dusty Miller take responsibility for inaccuracies,
postponements, cancellations. No charge for entry.
Deadline 10am Tues prior to publication day.)
Dustys Whats on Diary
Contributions are welcome, to arrive in good time, bearing in mind
events in which readers of this page are interested.
SMS 0733 401 347 or 0776 903 161; (e-mail dustym
Oct 5 (today)
St Johns College Spring Fair
Phoenix and Harare Male Voice Choirs Go Pop! Chapman Golf Club (and next
Saturday and Sunday)
Lunch: Alo, Alo, Arundel; Amanzi, Highlands (new) Theos, 167, Enterprise Road;
Adriennes, Belgravia; Da Eros, Fishmonger and Great Wall, East Road; Sitar,
Newlands; Palms, Bronte Hotel; Willow Bean Cafe, Rolf Valley, English roast/
pudding US$15. (BYOB, no corkage.) Paulas Place; Wild Geese, Teviotdale bufet/
live music; City Bowling Club, Harare Gardens (roast pork, apple sauce, sweet) ;
Italian Club, Strathaven, Mukuvisi Woodlands Cofee Shop; Centurion Pub & Grill,
Harare Sports Club; Hellenics, Eastlea
Oct 6 Keep ft, Zumba Dancing, City Bowling Club, Harare Gardens. And every working
night except Fridays. 5:30pm-6:30pm.
Oct 7 7pm Line dancing City Bowling Club
7pm Fun pub quiz Theos, 167, Enterprise Road
Oct 8 Farmers market, Maasdorp Avenue, Belgravia (next to Botom Drawer)
Curry night special, Adriennes Belgravia. All you can eat for US$12 (beef or chicken)
supplement for lamb
Irish Band at blue@2 Private Wine Bar, 2, Aberdeen Road, Avondale
Oct 2 (and every Thursday) Tapas night and music by Evicted, Amanzi Restaurant
Oct 9 (and every other Thursday) fun pub quiz blue@2 Private Wine Bar, 2, Aberdeen Rd,
Avondale. Booking essental, Tel 0772 856 371
Oct 10 Kindred Societes Quiz (England v Ireland v Scotland v Wales) Gavas Restaurant,
Belgravia Sports Club. 7pm prompt, supper available.
Oct 10-11-12. Zimbabwe 5s Bowling Tournament City Bowling Club. Full bar and catering; pig-
on-a-spit Friday, music, entertainment, rafes.
Oct 11 Gary Stanley entertains Borrowdale Country Club from 7pm. US$5 c/c
Oct 11-12 Zimbabwe Trout Fishing championships Nyanga.
To compete: stay at Rhodes Nyanga Hotel.
Oct 13 Open Restaurateurs Lunch (KWV wine tastng) Adriennes Restaurant,
Belgravia. 12:30pm
Oct 15-25 Les Miserables, the Concert REPS Theatre
Oct 18 Royal Society of St George, Batle of Trafalgar Dinner Chapman GC 6:30 for 7.
Formal. Tickets US$25. Contact Helen at
Oct 19 Reps fun pub quiz Main bar 11:15am sharp
Oct 22-25 53rd annual Kariba Invitaton Tiger Fishing Tournament, Charara Eastern Basin
Oct 26 Art Exhibiton and sale, Wingate Park GC 9am-3pm
Oct 29-30-31. Hospitality Associaton of Zimbabwe annual congress Bulawayo Rainbow Hotel
and events at many other venues.
Oct 29-Nov 8. Zol/EatOut Zimbabwe Restaurant Week. Enjoy bargain 2 and 3 course meals at
top eateries in Harare and Bulawayo
Oct 31 Fun pub quiz Borrowdale Country Club. Queston master Tony Havercrof.
CALLED at the brand new Skin
Spa Organikk Caf at Chisipite
in Tuesday, planning to have per-
haps a late morning coffee and
sandwich, leaving two-and-a-half
hours later having sampled fusion
dishes rich in salmon and prawns,
Skin Spa Organikk Caf at Chisipite
tried miracle noodles, sipped
freshly squeezed fruit and vegetable
drinks (great coffee) and South Af-
rican champagne and eaten won-
derful cake.
Much of the time I was in conver-
sation with the owner, Karen Muta-
sa (nee Smith), a beautician whos a
former beauty queen and top model.
I was hoping to give you an in-
depth profile of her, but Zesa has
raised its ugly head again and her
publicist cant e-mail her CV. (Last
week a Zesa outage/outrage kept
us at home in the dark, hungry and
thirsty from 5.30am one day until
after 4pm the next and claiming to
know nothing about our problem!)
I was busy doing other things
when Karen ran Silhouettes Stu-
dios, a top modeling agency which
was the toast of Harare socialites a
couple of decades ago. Now, Malawi-
born, Roosevelt Girls School edu-
cated, Karen is married to Shingi
Mutasa who owns TA Holdings; TA
owns Cresta Hospitality and she sits
on the hotel groups board.
Shes also on the board of Harare
International School which their
three children attend. She owns and
runs three Skin Spas in Harare, has
the Clarins agency for this country,
does much of the cooking at Organ-
ikk and reportedly tonnes of home
Next week shes off to a world
beauticians indaba in Cannes on
the French Riviera and has just
spent two months with her kids at
her sisters home in Sacramento,
I met her recently at the launch
of GH Mumm Champagne in this
country at The Venue, hosted by
importers Westside Agencies, when
the fact she very, very discreetly
wore Angel fragrance immediately
impressed me.
I think she was quite impressed
by an old geezer like me, brought
up on cricket, rugby and shooting
things having ever heard of An-
gel, let alone being able to identify
the Thierry Mugler masterpiece in
a room full of pouting, fragrant
guests from the distaff side.
We sat on a shady, breezy veran-
dah, above a sparkling swimming
pool at her cafe, which used to be
Caf Nish Organiks. Apparently Or-
ganiks/Organikk, with ks rather
than cs in the name, implies that
wherever possible (but not exclu-
sively) food and drink comprises or-
ganic ingredients.
I lost track of everything sampled
but recall a wonderful sashimi (Jap-
anese raw) salmon salad (US$12) and
a half-portion of a cooked prawn
salad (US$10 a full helping) and
then when I thought wed finished a
serving of grilled salmon came with
fries (US$18).
Crustaceans are specially sup-
plied fresh from Mozambique; the
salmon comes from Scotland. A
chunky salmon fillet was very light-
ly cooked (almost rare), but the skin
finished with a blow-lamp almost
like a crme brulee, causing the
crust to nearly caramelise.
A pal tucked into a very sub-
stantial, wonderfully flavoursome,
Thai-style prawn green curry with
brown-and-white basmati rice, and
home-made roti.
We began our confab with won-
derful thirst-quenching fruit and
vegetable non-alcoholic cocktails.
The cafe is not yet licensed to SELL
booze, but theres nothing to stop
Karen giving the stuff away.
Two cases of Mumms bubbly or-
dered at The Venue tasting had still
not been delivered, but a bottle of
Graham Becks non-vintage Meth-
ode Cap Classique Brut added addi-
tional fizz and lan to a rather classy
affair. (There was me in my second
best pair of Bundu brand khaki
shorts, midnight blue polo shirt
from Primark of Oxford, with A$40
trainers from Rivers of Adelaide,
South Australia!)
Karen told us all about miracle
noodles from Japan, which she
seems to sell exclusively. Made from
shiratake fibre, theyre translucent
and gelatinous and amazingly tasty
for something which causes abso-
lutely no harm to anyone. They are
carbon free, gluten free, low in carbs
and absorb the flavour of the dish
with which they are served. I tried a
spoonful being served to one of her
distant relatives lunching there on a
brilliant sunny day and gave them
the Miller seal of approval but Im
not sure if you could cook them al
We finished with light-as-a-kiss
cakes of various hues and descrip-
tions and two sensibly large cups of
strong filter coffee apiece.
Organikk Caf is open from 7:30am
until last light every day except Sun-
day for breakfast (full English with
bottomless tea or coffee: US$10, Scot-
tish kippers coming soon, brunch,
lunch or afternoon tea)
Child, but not very handicapped,
friendly. Safe parking in garden. No
smoking in dining area. Currently
unlicensed to sell alcohol. Regulars
often take their own wine and/or
champagne. Spirits and beers are
not really in keeping with the eat-
erys concept.
1, Dacomb Drive/Hindhead,
Chisipite. Tel 497541.
Dusty Miller rating Four Stars
(maximum for an unlicensed op-
(For related articles and more pic-
tures see my personal blog/website which is still
very much under construction.)
1) Miracle noodles
2) Grilled salmon fllet with fries and a glass of SA bubbly
3) Red velvet sponge cake and good cofee
4) Japanese sashimi prawn salad (a half portion)
5) Karen Mutasa (nee Smith), a former model and head of Silhouettes Studio, she was born in Malawi and is of Scottish/Indian/African descent
6) Karen with her sister-in-law Zee Mutasa (executive chef) and restaurant manager Maisha Smith, who is also Karens niece!
7) This youngster loves milk shakes
8) Chalk board menus refect whats freshest on the market
9) Thai-style green prawn curry
10) Kariba tilapia (bream) with salads
11) Satisfed lunch clients. All pictures by Dusty
2 3 4
5 6 7
October 5 to 11 2014 THE STANDARD STYLE / FOOD & DRINK / WINE 15
Brandy - A KWV Classic
wine-tasting at the Meikles
Wine . . . changing even as
we taste it, delivers a message
with meaning only in our re-
sponse. If we are in the right
key when we receive it, our
eyes will shine and we shall ra-
diate pleasure. Gerald Asher
he Meikles grapevine wine-
tasting club had gone all too
quiet this past winter. I longed
for that mid-week break that
broke the monotony of my working
week, at least once a month. When I
received an email for a tasting dur-
ing the third week of September, I
jumped with glee, as it gave my pal-
ate something to look forward to. I
revel in the smaller things in life,
they make me realise tomorrow is
worth waiting for.
The evening, promised, as usual,
to be an enjoyable wine evening, set
up on the pool deck of the Meikles
Hotel. I am always mesmerised
at the effect the pool deck, which
spreads from the bar area, out to the
pool, giving the room a cooled effect
I find inexplicable. Our host Stan
and Cape Wine P/L, distributors of
KWV Wines and Spirits, Bols Bran-
dy and Liqueurs, sponsored, the
KWVs CLASSIC collection. I hoped
for an evening of wine that would
classically blend with the venue.
A welcome cocktail, made up of
an apricot flavoured Bols liqueur
and Laborie MCC Blanc de Blanc
(sparkling wine), set the evening
in motion. The 40 odd people pre-
sent in the room could have easily
been mistaken for double that num-
ber. Excitement, laughter and wine
chatter filled the pool deck. I real-
ised then, how much of this enthu-
siasm in wine-tasting I had missed,
amongst all too familiar faces.
The cocktail with a delicious gold-
en colour and a nose of dried fruit
made an excellent combination,
though I felt that it would have lived
up to its expectations if the quantity
of Bols Liqueur had been reduced in
relation to the sparkling. I felt that,
for a welcome cocktail, a lighter,
livelier and cool drink to set the tone
for the entire evening would have
been more preferable.
Undeterred, I still looked forward
to the evening with relish as KWV
had promised two white and three
red KWV wines from their Clas-
sic Collection, and a Cape Port-
style Classic to finish off with. My
KWV memories were rekindled as
I thought back to a similar evening,
sponsored yet again, by Cape Wine,
only, it was the award winning Men-
tors range. That tasting changed the
way I thought of KWV wines, I, from
that tasting, regarded them in posi-
tive esteem.
The first wine, brought me back
to this atmospheric place, an US$8,
KWV Sauvignon Blanc 2013. Its an
absolutely pleasant reminder of a
light, yet refreshing summertime
wine, with less acid, yet hints of
lime on the nose. This Sauvignon
Blanc, chilled, promises to be an
ideal poolside wine, on its own.
A lightly wooded, US$9 KWV
Chardonnay 2012, further affirmed
another option to a hot summers
day wine. With a fruit driven nose,
and distinct melon flavours, the fol-
low through on the palate was easy
going, it was almost easy to forget
its lightly wooded tones, as the fruit
took over.
With Cabernet Sauvignon being a
personal favourite, I was geared for
the next wine, a US$13 KWV Caber-
net Sauvignon, 2012. An everyday,
easy drinking, wine with a palate
of juicy black fruit with smooth
yet lively tannin. Though I found,
its mouth feel lacked weight, it was
easy and very ideal for that unso-
phisticated palate.
My fellow shiraz wine lovers
openly showed their disappoint-
ment in the US$13, KWV Shiraz
2011. With the assumption of a typi-
cal shiraz showing the character of
a full-bodied wine with a big mouth
feel and multi layered, with fla-
vours. Though flavours were subtle,
the white pepper and red fruits nose
was distinct, with a palate that made
me interject, as, I almost felt like
the Classic range has been made
for a certain group in the market,
notably, the new wine enthusiast.
Catherine Fallis believes, and I to-
tally agree, that, Wine is a highly
personal experience. You may like
something your neighbour hates,
just as with food. Your bitter is the
next persons sweet.
The KWV Merlot 2013, was smooth
and well rounded with a sweet finish
on the palate. Again, it was an easy
drinking wine and very friendly for
that new palate. In unison, fellow
wine lovers on our table awarded
the merlot, the best wine of the
evening badge. A strategic way,
warmly welcomed, to end the wine-
A KWV Cape Ruby Port, non
vintage, full bodied and sweet lush
fruit, yet simple, ended the evening
on a traditional note, with an array
of complimentary snacks to put a
smug smile of satisfaction on every-
ones face.
Though I had wrongfully looked
forward to the evening with a KWV
Mentors range memory, I look back
and realise how this evening had
been a success on its own. Clearly,
KWV Classic collection is a mid-
range, easy-drinking, everyday
range of wines. The KWV Classic
Collection is a range of stylish and
sophisticated wines with a South
African heart, reserved for the dis-
cerning wine drinker in search of a
rewarding experience. Special occa-
sions and celebrations are enhanced
by KWV Classic Collection -- truly
wines to impress. -- KWV
To fellow wine lovers and enthu-
siasts in search of wines suitable
for every day drinking, its a classic
Merlot cheers . . . may you find your
classical wine for that everyday
glass . . .
Lebbie Musavaya
October 5 to 11 2014
overload Egg
4 Servings
Prep time: 15 min

One of the best things to eat in summer is a
salad! Its so refreshing to have a cool, deli-
cious side dish accompanying your meal or as
the actual main. This here egg salad is totally
delish. I named it protein over-load egg salad
because it is definitely high in protein. Youre
getting protein from the eggs, cheese and
corned meat. So be rest assured that eating
this will help in keeping you feeling satiated.
Its pretty quick and easy so lets get straight
to it.
4 hard-boiled eggs
1/4 red onion, fnely chopped
1/4 tomato, chopped
1/4 green pepper, chopped
100g cheese, cubed
115g corned meat, cubed
3 tbsp mayonnaise
Salt and pepper to taste
Quick Instructions
1. Get your ingredients ready.
2. Peel and cut the boiled eggs into chunks
and put into bowl. Season with salt
and pepper.
3. Add the cheese and corned meat.
4. Add the red onion, green pepper and
tomato. Combine GENTLY taking care
Protein-overload Egg salad
Cooking with Rumbie
Ingredient substitution:
If youre not so much into corned
meat you may use chicken breast.
Cut them into small cubes and boil
in a little water until tender and
cooked through. Chicken breast is
fantastic as its high in protein and
is lean meat.
Boiling eggs
To get a perfectly peeled boiled egg
all the time and say goodbye to the
shell sticking to the egg. Simply add
some salt to the water just before
boiling the eggs. Boil them in the
salty water as usual and see how
much easier it will be to peel!

not to over-mix.
5. Add your mayonnaise and again combine
6. Chill in refrigerator until required.
Serve chilled.
3. After 7.5 hours the water is finished, add
oil, spices, onion, tomatoes and stir.
4. Add tomato sauce and stir once again.
Give time for the tomatoes and onions to
get done (2-5 min).
5. When tomatoes are done, add soup
powder and pour cold water directly onto
the soup powder to avoid it lumping-up.
Cover pot
and let simmer for
5-10 minutes.
October 5 to 11 2014
Available around Zimbabwe. Contact us +263735051197
w w w . f a s h i o n w e e k e n d z i m . c o m
25 - 26 OCTOBER 2014
i n t e r i or de s i gn | s pac e pl an n i n g | f as h i on
Especially nowadays with the threats of Foreign
diseases we have to be diligent about washing our
hands, this causes our poor mittens to become dry
and thirsty!!
What most individuals fail to realize is how our
hands take center stage for many normal everyday
things like-say- a job interview, a meeting, or a date.
We strongly recommend you to invest in a hand
cream, which when applied on a regular basis can go
a long way in making your mitts shakable and pre-
sentable. Male and Female!
Make sure that you take time the night before to care-
fully plan your outfit for the next morning. What is
the occasion? If it is the usual job day, sigh, make
sure your suit is freshly pressed, your shirt collar is
starched, whites are WHITES, buttons are all intact,
your sock match your trousers gents and your belts
match your shoes!! We tend to overlook these minor
details but NEWSFLASH, they are not so minor! The
working market is becoming more and more competi-
You do not want to be remembered for the sweaty
palms or the lady with the spinach in her teeth or
even the gentleman with the dirty shoes!
Lets throw ourselves to the lions looking FAB and
not DRAB ;)
For more grooming tips be sure to pick up your copy
of the Standard next week, have an amazing weekend
ladies and gents and make this week count!
Specializing in Grooming and Etiquette Courses
A Step In The Right Direction
Basic Grooming
For Male and
Judith Williams
October 5 to 11 2014
Mr & Mrs Chikandiwa Family
Send us pictures of your family and a short caption of your values. Email your photos with the
weekly code in the subject heading to
Specifcations: JPEG minimum size 2MB Min. 300dpi

To put the world right in order, we

must frst put the nation in order; to
put the nation in order, we must frst
put the family in order; to put the
family in order, we must frst culti-
vate our personal life; we must frst
set our hearts right. - CONFUCIUS
Family pillars: Honesty, loyalty, posi-
tive attitude, industry and faith.
If the family were
a fruit, it would be an
orange, a circle of
sections, held together but
separable each segment
distinct. ~
Letty Cottin Pogrebin
October 5 to 11 2014
Edson Chivandikwa
The value of sport has sometimes been underestimated. Some par-
ents and students think that sport is a worthless distraction from
the core business and it can lead to low academic grades. However,
research points in a different direction. Have you ever asked your-
self: What are the merits of playing sport?
Academic Performance
Research shows that children who play sport actually do better in
their schoolwork and are more likely to outperform those that do
not participate in sporting activities. The same research also shows
that exercise develops ones concentration capacity and memory
and as a result improves ones learning ability.
The coach provides an excellent role model for the childs groom-
ing and mentoring. Coaches who want their teams to win (all do we
suppose!) are dedicated and visionary and inculcate these values
in the children. Have you ever wondered why sometimes children
listen to their coaches better than their parents?

Trimming the ego
Since childhood is a period of identity formation, sometimes the
childs ego can be undesirably inflated thereby leading to egocen-
trism. Taking part in team sports helps the child to realise the need
to listen to others and to cooperate in a common task. The centre
of focus shifts from the self to the team. Children also learn to set
goals for themselves and others. These are essential attributes the
child needs in life.
Team sports are also known to boost a childs self-confidence. Train-
ing improves skill, body shape and social contact. As the team wins,
and the body shapes up and as the child strategically socially posi-
tions, and the childs confidence improves. Practice also teaches the
child to be patient and persistent.
The physical and mental health of the child is enhanced through
playing team sport: fitness levels soar and healthy weight is at-
tained. Research shows that children who play sport are less likely
to smoke; sporty girls are less at risk of breast cancer than the non-
sporty ones. Sport also reduces stress levels and lifts the mood of
the participant.
Every team sport is played according to a set of agreed rules. Learn-
ing to respect rules on the court or field instils an excellent sense of
discipline in the child. Children learn to take and accept sanction
for fouls or violations, an essential quality every well-groomed per-
son must possess.
So let them play!
How can your child beneft from
team sports?
Bakani Dube Male Age 12
Mgombani Primary School, Mpopoma,
Kingdom of the ants
could not hold back my tears, when I saw Tinker and Tom
lying dead right at the door of the big house. As I drew near
their bodies, I choked and gasped. I sensed danger. Mrs.
Matumba had poisoned them with Chirinda Matura dust. I
did not know that women could be so cruel.
When everyone had heard of the sad news of the death of
the two young ones, they packed their things. That fateful night
we took all our belongings and left. The enemy could attack
anytime. In a single file we marched through the opening un-
der the durawall to an unknown destination
United we stand, divided we fall! is the slogan of our
community. The groups we live in called colonies help us to be
an organized and strong empire. Each group has one or more
queens. Our queen is Elsheba who enjoys food brought to her
by a group of sterile males whose duties are to bring food and
protect her and us- the young ones from enemies. All people are
workers but the queen stays indoors and her duty is to lay eggs
which workers guard.
As I grew up I gathered the knowledge. I learnt that these
males mate with the queen which hatch into young ones and
this is how we were born.
Sometimes we visited the Mutumbas. My young brother
Tom was quick to identify a piece of cake that had missed the
dust bin and fallen next to it. We tried to carry it to our home,
which was in the big garden outside the house. As we carried
the piece of cake, we did not notice that my young sister Tinker
and my Cousin Shacks were not with us. In a few minutes they
came dragging a big fat shiny mother cockroach which had
been killed in the house. We were quick to leave the cake and
swarm around the cockroach.
The food would not be enough for everyone. When we went
back to the house, we found out that Mrs. Mutumba- the woman
of the house had poured Vim to scare us away. We then gave up
the chase. Two elders who were also workers brought a piece
of meaty bone, which they got from the rubbish pit which was
near our home. They really made our day. We feasted on the
meaty bone which was our supper that day.
In the scorching sun my father and other adults moved up
and down since they were the builders of the community. They
made our special rooms call ant hills. My colony of the red
ants is a cheeky type which has stings which we used when we
stung Mrs. Mutumba when she tried to sweep us out her house.
I personally stung her and stuck on her at the same time trying
to pull her to our place. She swat me and almost killed me.
After camping at the Mutumbas garden for four months we
left in a single file on one hot day in August to go and settle at
some flower bed in the park such is life in my kingdom the
kingdom of the ants.
0772 924 796
Usave Saskam,
verenga udzore pfungwa
Rise above,
Take flight &
Move on!
First runner up
Morgan BT Makamure Age 12
Avondale Primary School, Harare
Grade 6 -7
Kingdom of the ants
t was an unusual morning at my grandmothers farm dur-
ing the December school holidays I had my breakfast, and
then decided to take a lazy walk through the orchard to pick
some oranges. I was so full of boredom that I could not help
but stare at the ground. That is when I caught a glimpse of a
little monster.
The trek starts at dawn. Following the movement of this little
monster, one would think its movement is aimless. I followed
it as it quickly rushed through the slightly over grown grass,
seemingly carrying something in its sharp antennas. I was
right. It was carrying something. Dirt Dirt? you may won-
der. Yes, dirt. Not for fun but for building, building an empire.
It headed towards a pile of logs. I lifted one log and underneath
was a hundred or so little monsters, each seemingly carrying
dirt in their antennas, all heading in one direction. Without
taking my eyes off this lively movement, I followed with inter-
est as they continued to their final destination.
That is where the real activity was. At the entrance of what
seemed to be a yard of some sort, stood the leader of these little
monsters, the Queen Ant. Adorned in her beauty, she graceful-
ly took charge of the crazy activity which was going on. This
was her kingdom. The kingdom of the ants!
With keen interest, I removed some of the logs which my grand-
mother stored for firewood. I peered deeper into what seemed
to be a dome-shaped mound which had, not one, but a whole
colony of ants. I realized that there was more to what I saw on
the surface, but how would I see it all? At that very moment I
remembered my grandfathers old magnifying glass which was
buried beneath stacks of boxes in my grandmothers garage.
So I rushed out of the orchard, into the garage and after what
seemed like forever, I finally found the magnifying glass. I
raced my shadow out of the garage and back in to the orchard
where I followed these ants back to their colony. With the help
of the magnifying glass, I looked deeper in the mound. Some
of the ants were entering with vegetable leaves I thought were
from my grandmothers garden, whilst some carried a dead
grasshopper into the mound. I then knew that these were the
soldier ants of the colony which had the main tasks of forag-
ing for food and cleaning the colony.
I focused on one particular ant and saw that it had a dark
red colour. That is when I knew that these were not just any
ordinary ants, but they were fire ants. How could I not have fig-
ured this earlier! During a science lesson at school, our teacher
told us that these types of ants nested in the soil, often near
moist areas and were not visible because their colonies were
built under objects such as timber, rocks, bricks or logs!
It was interesting to just see how organized these ants were.
Each seemed to have a specific task and together they worked
It had become too dark to see clearly. I had been so absorbed
with what was going on under the ground, I had lost touch
with time. I ran into the house and excitedly told grandmother
about my day with the ants.
My conclusion.these little creatures, tiny as they are are
part of a complex and organized society. Yes, The Kingdom of
the Ants!
October 5 to 11 2014
St Michaels 24 Hour Accident Emergency &
Maternity Clinic (19709 Unit N Shopping Centre
Seke Chitungwiza) All times
Emergency numbers: 0774 125142, 0734 503518
Zororo Nhira
Hello Zumbalacious people, welcome to yet another
Zumba notification tips! Last week we talked about
what Zumba is about, and today we are going to talk
about what to wear during Zumba class and tips on
how to lose or burn more calories.
Tips To Make The Most Of Your Zumba Workout
Maximise your movements
There is a lot going on during a Zumba class and
you probably dont want more things to think about,
there are few extra things you can do to maximize
your movements. Moving your arms, putting a hop
in your step and keeping your abs tight are great
ways to tone muscles and burn more calories!
Drink water
You are sweating and breathing hard so you need to
put water back into your body. Without adequate wa-
ter you will get dizzy, lethargic, your muscles wont
work as well, and you will get cramps sooner. Drink-
ing water also gives you more energy and helps you
burn more calories.
You are using your whole body during a Zumba class
and not only will you burn more calories you will
also reduce the risk of injury.
What To Wear During A Zumba Class
Wearing the right clothing is an essential part of par-
ticipating in Zumba. Some of the best workout cloth-
ing for dance includes non-cotton T-shirts and cargo
pants. The clothes need to let out perspiration from
the body. Wear the right shoes that support the exer-
cise you are doing; dance shoes and cross trainers.
Do not wear running and walking shoes.
Remember to come for a Zumba class at the Italian
Club and will give you one free session!
You can contact us on +263 773 047 087
Facebook: Zumba with zorro
Refractive error demystifed
Refractive error is an umbrella medical term used to describe
conditions which result in poor vision due to the size and/or
shape of the eye. There are four different types of refractive er-
ror. They can occur either as a stand-alone condition or co-ex-
ist in one patient. Common signs and symptoms include poor
vision, heavy tired eyes, tearing and headaches.
1. Hyperopia (long sighted): this patient can see things that
are a long distance away e.g. driving, TV etc. but their eyes
need to work extra hard to focus up close.
2. Myopia (short sighted): this patient can see things up
close (short distance) e.g. reading, a person 1m away etc.
but have problems distinguishing objects as they move
further away from them such as the board in class, road
3. Astigmatism: This occurs when the shape of the eye is
more cylindrical (like a rugby ball) than spherical in
shape (soccer ball). The eye then has a problem focusing
and these patients tend to have problems with any pro
longed tasks e.g. long distance driving or reading for a
long time.
4. Presbyopia: due to naturally occurring changes that affect
the lens found inside the eye, as people get older they lose
the ability to focus up-close e.g. reading, threading the
needle, computer use etc. This tends to affect people from
the age of 40 onwards give or take a few years.
I will cover the different options for the management of refrac-
tive error in the next article.
- By Lynett E Masiwa FAOI
BSc Hons Optometry (Ireland)
October 5 to 11 2014 THE STANDARD STYLE / FAMILY / HEALTH 23
Breast Cancer: Think Pink /Pink Day
Celebrations October 2014
We are committed to
cancer prevention and
improving the quality
of life of patients,
their families and
communities through
timeous, cost efective
and evidence based
Lovemore Makurirofa (Cancer
Association of Zimbabwe
Theme: Find it, Fight it and Win the Battle
For the majority of people the
month of October is a Cancer
Month and pink colour is the col-
our for cancer. This is not true at
all. The Month of October is a breast
cancer month and the pink colour
is the colour for breast cancer only.
October is considered a breast can-
cer month worldwide. During this
month we encourage individuals to
wear pink clothes and/or ribbons as
a symbol of showing that they are
aware of breast cancer. Remember
we all have a role to play in the fight
against breast cancer. Wear pink
clothes and/or a ribbon and help
spread the word.
The Cancer Association of Zimba-
bwe held this years Pink Day com-
memoration on the 3rd of October
2014 at Africa Unit Square, Harare
city from 12:00pm to 15:00pm under
the theme Find it, Fight it and Win
the Battle
This theme encourages the people
to Find out more about breast can-
cer so as to counteract the current
widespread cancer myths and mis-
conceptions and cancer stigma and
discrimination. It encourages all of
us (Cancer clients and those with-
out cancer) to Fight breast can-
cer with all our united efforts and
the available possible options. It is
only through our united efforts that
we will be able to Win the Battle
against breast cancer in Zimbabwe.
This years theme also encourages
those diagnosed of breast cancer to
keep on fighting and not lose hope
despite the current challenges be-
ing experienced in the access and
affordability of cancer management
services in the country.
--be P.I.N.K and help fght breast cancer--
P- Practice what you know. For example do physical activities,
monthly breast self-examination, avoid obesity, avoid tobacco
use/smocking, eat healthy and reduce alcohol intake (one pint
a day or less)
I Investigate the cancer Information. Know the facts from
Myths and Misconceptions on the cancer itself and the
available treatment options and coping mechanism. Know what
works/ the proven
N- Normal for you. You should know what is normal for you
regarding your body and your breast, for example texture,
shape of your breast so that you easily pick abnormalities early
to pro mote early detection of breast cancer.
K Knowledge. Know the truth about cancer so that you can
make in formed decision early before the cancer spread. Be free
to ask the health practitioners about your condition so that
you control and manage your treatment plan. Even those with
out cancer also need to know the truth about cancer so that
they have an insight on how best they can prevent cancer and
also assist those diagnosed of cancer (cancer clients, more of
ten than not, require family and community support to cope
with their condition). Knowledge also helps to reduce stigma
and discrimination by dispelling the cancer myths and
Participate in this years October
Think Pink Campaign commemo-
rations by wearing Pink and donate
at least a dollar, remember our unit-
ed efforts will take us far in our fight
against breast cancer. Register to
participate as an individual, group,
corporate, church or any other en-
tity: Contact Linda and Hildry on
04 707 44, 705522,,
he assembly room was a sea of
pink as the children at Eagles-
vale Preparatory School last
Friday celebrated Pink Day,
in commemoration of the Cancer
Awareness month of October.
A guest appearance from a Cancer
Association of Zimbabwe, Mrs Mu-
tasa, was the icing on the cake as she
explained the need for the children
to understand cancer and its conse-
quences, and the need to fight it be-
fore it is too late.
Perhaps one very touching tes-
timony came from the Headmaster
himself, Mr Bvumbe, a survivor of
prostate cancer who is evidently a
warrior of all sorts in terms of his
attitude towards the battle he had
with the disease. Receiving such
devastating news was very trau-
matic for me, and at first I thought
Pink Day at
Prudance Muganiwah
I was going to die. I remember my
wife breaking down and crying as
she wondered at my fate. But my
kids, despite the distance that sepa-
rate us from them, were very sup-
portive both financially, morally
and emotionally. Even my 8 year old
granddaughter, although not fully
grasping what was at hand, was by
my side throughout the experience.
Mr Bvumbe went on to say that he
would like to encourage all men and
women, regardless of their age, to
go for regular check ups and test-
ing as he only discovered about his
condition by mere coincidence. My
brother-in-law was travelling for
a while, so he decided to give me a
full body routine check up just so
he could travel with the reassur-
ance that I was fine. Which I was, or
so I thought. This is when the can-
cer was discovered no symptoms,
no signs, no pain. But it was in my
body. He then underwent brachy-
therapy in South Africa, which is
also known as internal radiothera-
py, to kill the cancer cells.
I want to help other men, I want
them to be more aware and alert,
and to open up more he said, add-
ing that he would like to engage
with the Cancer Association of Zim-
babwe to help raise awareness and
spread the gospel.
A staff member, Mrs Mazarura,
also gave a moving account of how
painful it is to have a fellow family
member suffer and deteriorate from
the disease. Her sister discovered
that she had breast cancer when
it was already at a very advanced
stage. While she explained that
helplessly watching her sister suf-
fer was tormenting, it was evident
that Mrs Mazarura felt deeply about
the issue, as she was close to tears
throughout her account.
It is clear though, that the mes-
sage reached the little bright ones
nice and clearly, as one very bril-
liant young man in Grade Six Blue,
Mufaro Mangwiro, explained in a
very mature way, what he had learnt
about Pink Day. I have learnt that
it is crucial for everyone, regardless
of their age, to get regular checks so
that they can detect cancer before
it spreads. Mufaro, a keen chess
player, conservationist and public
speaker who says he hopes one day
to be a rocket scientist, added that
he was happy that his school had,
in its own small way, recognized and
celebrated Cancer Awareness in a
bit to educate him and his peers on
Headmaster Mr Bvumbe
Mrs Mutasa - Cancer Association of Zimbabwe
Staf members
School kids and staf members
Senior students in uniform
Grade 6 student, Mufaro Mangwiro
Mayo Foundation for medical education and Research
October 5 to 11 2014
Rosie Mitchell
Summer is well and truly here its sweltering
hot and swimming pools have become enticing
again. Its the time of year when events and
activities, especially outdoors, proliferate and
its best to get out your diary and start work-
ing out what you want to do. There is so much
going on that you may have to makes some
hard choices!
Drag Racing today at
Today, why not pop along to Telecel Drag Rac-
ing at Donnybrook? This makes a great day
out for the family, with food, drink and enter-
tainment available and the racing itself is ex-
citing and fun. In fact, you could even enter!
Entry is open to anyone in any vehicle, and the
Dragpro Clubs motto, Race the track, not the
street, a very good one! Far better to burn off
some steam at this event than to drive danger-
ously on our roads. Actual racing starts at 11
am but fun and action begins earlier and goes
on at least till sunset!
Twala Animal
Have you been to Twala Trust Animal Sanc-
tuary yet? This is going full steam and wel-
comes visitors. Sarah Carter maintains an ex-
cellent Facebook page with up to the minute
news and contact details. To arrange a family
outing, you need to pre-book. All it takes is a
phone call, and you will be warmly welcomed.
Children invariably love a visit here, and
meeting and interacting with resident ani-
mals and birds, both wild and domestic, who
have found safe haven at Twala. Twala is on a
beautiful, unspoilt 70 hectare bush plot in the
Ruwa area, and is only 25 minutes drive from
Kamfinsa shops in Greendale, heading out on
Arcturus Road, then following easy directions
for the last few kilometres, provided when you
book. Harriet the serval cat is over 5 months
old now. A rescued orphaned serval, her bro-
ken pelvis has healed and she has learnt to
walk again. The resident duikers who roam
the lush lawns freely are very sociable and al-
ways a hit with the children. There is a coffee
shop which provides your beverages free and
sells delicious cakes and muffins, some devel-
oped picnic sites overlooking the dam with
braai stands, gazebos and furniture, and a
friendly, knowledgeable guide who with Sarah
will make your visit memorable and fascinat-
Hillside Dams Bulawayo
For Bulawayo residents, for a lovely day out
or an afternoon ramble or picnic, look no
further than Hillside Dams, which thanks to
the on-going efforts of the Hillside Dams Con-
servancy team, are looking amazing and are
returning to former glory as a great place for
a walk, potter, mountain bike ride or leisurely
picnic. Raw Adrenaline holds training walks
here regularly these days, and if you visit the
Hillside Dams Conservancy Facebook page,
you can see a video clip of one of these, which
looks like a great family affair, with moun-
tain bikers and walkers of all ages, children
in prams and in arms, and some really beau-
tiful, wild scenery, so close to the centre of
Bulawayo. There are actually some San rock
paintings here, too, as well as an interesting
archaeological site.
Summer fun
Stedfast Park Matobo completes
cottage accommodation
Bulawayo residents will also be interested to
hear that Stedfast Park, the long-established
Boys Brigade Campsite in Matobo, has fin-
ished work on their two bedroomed cottage,
adding another option to those already avail-
able to accommodate families, church, school
and youth groups. These facilities include a
dormitory block, kitchen, covered dining area,
outdoor cooking area and ablution block with
showers and toilets. The cottage has a lounge,
kitchen, shower, loo and braai area. Stedfast
Park is set in a beautiful part of Matobo com-
prising pretty kopjes and vlei and an extensive
area for camping and sports and is also home
to the historic first Methodist Church of Bula-
wayo, which has been re-erected on the camp-
site and is available for services and meetings.
For rates and bookings, email jhdbbowman@
Matobo Jacaranda Challenge
9 November
While speaking of Matobo (my personal fa-
vourite place on earth) a date to diarise for
anyone who loves running or cycling through
the bush is Matobo Jacaranda Challenge
which takes runners and mountain bikers
through the dramatic and beautiful hilly land-
scapes and granite domes and rocks of Mato-
bo National Park and raises money for charity.
A group of us headed there from Harare for
this event last year and had a really wonderful
time. There is the chance of seeing wildlife as
you run and it is a very friendly event. There
is a moonlight cycle on the cards the night be-
fore this years edition, which starts at the Na-
tional Park Main Gate (close to Stedfast Park)
and ends at Maleme Dam with a fun family
day there for the rest of the day.
Marvels of Matobo - for family
Matobo has so much to offer for family out-
ings and getaways and is less than an hours
drive from Bulawayo. I grew up exploring
this amazing area which really is paradise for
adventurous children (and adults!) as there
are so many rocks, kopjes and mountains to
climb, caves to explore, animals to spot and
cave paintings to track down. Whether you
go for a day trip from Bulawayo or a several
day getaway (I recommend at least a week and
I prefer two!) there is always some new experi-
ence to enjoy and some new place to explore.
Now, in addition to comfy National Park lodg-
es and campsite at Maleme and campsites at
Mtsheleli and Togwana Dams, you can add
Stedfast Park to your list of inexpensive plac-
es to stay while you enjoy all Matobo can offer
you. Or you can go up market and opt for one
of the private lodges on the edge of the Park.
Pink Triathlon 12 Oct
Diarise the Fun Pink Triathlon next Sunday,
an annual Breast Cancer Awareness fundrais-
er that is open to all, at Mount Pleasant Pool.
Dress in Pink and give triathlon a try teams
are welcome and it will be festive! Then the
next triathlon event is on 26 October, with all
distances - series and selection points apply.
Drag Racing at Donnybrook
(1) Sharon Hook
(2) Zimbabwe has talent
(3,4) AFRIMA awards
In this issue
of Arts & Culture
2 3 4
Patricia Mabviko-Musanhu
A womans
burden for
litter goes
October 5 to 11 2014
he power to make a difference
lies in every individual. I be-
lieve that as a people, we carry
answers to many of societys
challenges deeply buried in us
as personal dreams, desires or
ambition. When you find yourself
consistently and continuously bur-
dened by a particular situation it
is probably the very thing that you
have been equipped to address.
Sharon Hook was consistently bur-
dened by the littering in many of
our public spaces. It is the responsi-
bility of the City of Harare to clean
up the City and it looked as if the
City fathers were failing to cope. As
the situation remained unchanged,
Sharons burden grew deeper and a
conviction to do something about it
grew stronger. In 2009, she decided
to take action.
Theodore Roosevelt once said
Do what you can, with what you
have and where you are. With her
hands to pick up litter and a skill
to mobilize people, Sharon took to
the streets of Harare and began to
spearhead a cleanup campaign for
the City. Five years later, an indi-
viduals personal conviction to pick
up litter has grown into a national
vision that has received tremendous
support from the City of Harare.
In the same year of 2009, Sharon
founded a nonprofit making organi-
zation called Miracle Missions, and
identified waste management as of
her key projects amongst others.
To date Miracle Missions has won
two Runners up Waste Manage-
ment Awards and recently became a
shareholder of a company that recy-
cles materials.
How did Sharon grow a per-
sonal dream into a national vision?
I believe God put this desire in my
heart. The city looked very dirty
and I felt the burden to bring people
together to pick up litter and make
the City look clean. Its important
that as residents we take ownership
and responsibility for our communi-
ty and our environment, she added.
From 2009, Sharon began to de-
vise a plan to accomplish her mis-
sion to clean up the city. Almost all
our public spaces needed cleaning
and she knew that it would be im-
possible for one person to clean up
the city alone. Sharon brought a few
people on board to help her drive
this vision. As a way to implement
the idea the team would target an
area earmarked for cleaning and
subsequently launch a communica-
tions campaign to residents in the
surrounding area inviting them to
join them in cleaning up their sur-
roundings. Part of the communica-
tion strategy included knocking on
peoples doors and talking people
into joining them in this exercise.
Over the last 5 years the campaign
has grown from one to fifty eight
clean up campaigns across the coun-
People must not be ignorant
about the negative effects of litter-
ing on the environment as well as
on our health, said Sharon. In ad-
dition to making the environment
look dirty and unpleasant, garbage
that is thrown on the ground can be
washed into a river and make the
water unsafe for drinking. Cigarette
butts are another common form of
litter. These take long to decompose
and can release chemicals that harm
the ecosystem. In addition, ciga-
rette butts leach toxic waste that can
contaminate water sources. Sharon
said that they have also stepped
up their campaign on fires and are
working with the Environmental
Management Agency. We are en-
couraging people not to burn trash
in their backyard as it is hazardous
to health, she said. Depending on
what has been burnt and at what
temperature, smoke from trash can
deposit chemicals on vegetables in a
garden making them poisonous and
when inhaled can cause diseases
such as chest infections, a heart con-
dition, for example angina and in
worst cases cancer.
In order to educate more peo-
ple on these issues, Miracle Mis-
sions produces flyers and compiles
information that is distributed on
a regular basis. They also conduct
monthly meetings with residents
and various stakeholders to discuss
issues related to waste manage-
Sharons story demonstrates the
capacity that each one of us has to
make a difference if we pursue our
deepest convictions. James Free-
man Clarke said Strong convic-
tions precede great action. Perhaps
next time you feel burdened or con-
victed to do something dont shrug
it off, it might just be the solution to
one of the myriad of challenges that
we are facing today!
Patricia Mabviko Musanhu is a Com-
pany Director/Producer at Black and
White Media Productions. She can be con-
tacted at
October 5 to 11 2014
Rumbidzai Matinanga
SEMIFINALS 2014, which are
sponsored by the Chinese Fed-
eration Of Zimbabwe in part-
nership with ZLG, were held at Wing
Wah Restaurant on Sunday the 28th
of October 2014.
There were 30 contestants exhib-
iting various talents from singing,
dancing, playing musical instruments
to acting, and of particular interest
was a young boy aged 13 that was
doing dancehall music giving the
Sharks a run for their money. There
was another 11 year old that got the
crowd onto their feet by his dexter-
ous and highly impressive moves.
The dance groups and solo danc-
ers were well prepared and put on
jaw dropping performances that got
the audience wild and the judges
wishing they did not have to leave
any of them for the fnals. Tomato
the bottle top and glass eater, Ron-
ald the Strong Man who lifted grown
men with his teeth and Gabriel the
biker were among the talented
semi-fnalist who put up a show that
proved that indeed, Zimbabwe Has
The show was graced by people
from all walks of life; in the crowd
were Chinese Federation Delegates,
ZLG staf, journalists, youth from
neighbouring Highlands, Greendale,
Mbare, Blufhill amongst others
came out to support their own and
not forgetting personnel from difer-
ent corporates who had come to wit-
ness someones dream come true.
The judges panel had Leonard Map-
fumo, a renowned urban grooves art-
ist, DJ Niki, a Star FM Breakfast Show
presenter, and flm producer Eddie
The fnals will be held at 6pm on
the 17th of October 2014 at 7 Arts
Theatre and entrance is free. Judges
will choose only 15 contestants who
will be notifed after thorough delib-
eration of their enactments.
Rumbidzai Matinanga public relations
consultant for Zimbabwe Has Talent
he James Blunt show was announced
a few weeks ago and sales have been
taking place on weekends from Ster
Kinekor Borrowdale.
Demand has been steady for the reserved
seats, with the $50 category being sold out
and the most expensive tickets being $100
almost all gone.
There are still tickets available in the $30,
$60 and $75 category as well as tickets for
the general admission priced at $65.
The box office will be open again this
weekend being Friday 10th and Saturday
11th October from 12 to 5pm from Ster Kine-
kor @ Sam Levys Village.
Fans may also go online www.daviesev- and make a ticket reservation
which can be redeemed at the box office.
Fans can expect to hear James perform
his smash singles Youre Beautiful, Good-
bye My Lover, 1973 and Bonfire Heart as
well as a mix of well loved songs from his
previous albums and current Moon Land-
ing when he performs at the HICC on 17th
February 2015 with his full band.
The configuration of the venue will be
slightly different to past shows, with the
ground floor being general admission for
those wanting to dance and party and the
balconies being seated and numbered for
those looking for a more distinguished
Ticket prices range from $30 to $100 de-
pending on the category you select.
We all think we know about James Blunt
but for those whove been off-planet, heres
a recap on the story so far:
Five Grammy nominations, two BRITS, two
Ivor Novellos and a host of MTV awards
Four number one singles, three world tours
with his six-piece band and then the num-
bers spiral out of control.
Sales of over 17 million albums and 20
million singles worldwide.
Over 250 million plays on Spotify and an
astonishing 257 million views on YouTube.
Moon Landing is the fourth album by James
Blunt. Its an album about dreams, longing,
first love. About getting back to basics and
rediscovering the power of music to com-
municate emotion directly and honestly,
without too much polish or complication.
2015, HICC
October 5 to 11 2014
By Bookworm
imbabwean literature largely
remains a male playground
filled and defined by patriar-
chal values and attitudes. Trac-
ing the history of writing in Zimba-
bwe from the 1960s and 1970s, there
is a clear absence of women writers.
This is corroborated in Flora
Veit-Wilds comprehensive study
Teachers, Preachers, Non-Believers
(1992) which is a sociological ac-
count of mostly black Zimbabwean
writing before and after independ-
The discussion of women writ-
ers is barely noticeable. What is par-
ticularly revealing is how the few
women that were writing were being
discouraged from expressing them-
selves or speaking up by their
husbands and families. Zimbabwean
women are only seen as house-
wives and therefore expected to be
silent domesticated partners.
Prominent sociologist and Univer-
sity of Zimbabwe lecturer, Rudo
Gaidzanwa in her seminal book
Images of Women in Zimbabwean
Literature (1985), shows that the
negative portrayal of women in colo-
nial and post-colonial Zimbabwean
literature, mostly by male authors,
delegitimises their struggle for ba-
sic human rights like education and
This testifies to the many subtle
forms of silencing perpetuated by
the Zimbabwean society, an internal-
ising of male norms, a depiction of
conventional marriage as a prison,
as well as testimony to the brutal
control and suppression of black
women by traditional patriarchy.
However, the period after inde-
pendence in 1980 sees more women
taking pens and writing while stak-
ing their claim on the literary land-
scape. Barbara Makhalisas short
story collection published in 1984 is
the first by a woman writer, The Un-
derdog and Other Stories and Kris-
tina Runganos A Storm is Brewing
becomes the first poetry collection
by a female poet the same year.
Other writers to emerge at this
period also include former free-
dom fighter and poet, Freedom TV
Nyamubaya, whose collection On
the Road published in 1986 is an
eloquent portrayal of the liberation
struggle and Tsitsi Dangarembgas
now world-famous classic, Nervous
Conditions published in 1988. Dan-
garembga tells of how local male
publishers laughed her off and re-
peatedly rejected her book until it
was published by the Womens Press
in the UK.
The establishment of Zimba-
bwe Women Writers in 1990 was
concerned particularly with the
promotion of womens literature in
Zimbabwe but also identifying new
talent. The institution was to groom
women writers and publish them or
help them publish. To date, Zimba-
bwe Women Writers has published
more than 15 books in various sub-
jects from creative writing, scholarly
books and even recipe books.
Some of these books have been
incorporated into the local Zimba-
bwe school syllabi while others are
reference texts in higher learning
institutions across the globe. Anthol-
ogy: Over One Hundred Works by
Zimbabwean Women Writers edited
by the late Norma Kitson in 1994 is
one such important text.
The publication of a short story col-
lection Why Dont You Carve Other
Animals? in 1993 heralded the emer-
gence of perhaps Zimbabwes most
accomplished woman writer, Yvonne
Vera. Her subsequent books were
all internationally acclaimed and
translated into several languages.
Her premature death in 2005 robbed
the country of a female icon. But
her genius still lives on through her
Other female writers who have
contributed to Zimbabwean litera-
ture include J. Nozipho Maraire
(Zenzele: A Letter for My Daughter),
Vivienne Ndlovu (For Want of a To-
tem), Virginia Phiri (Desperate) and
Lillian Masitera (Now I Can Play).
Since 2000, there has been grad-
ual visibility of women writers in
Zimbabwe. Zimbabwean women
writers are just beginning to come
into their own, but they still face
many obstacles along the way. De-
spite the progress, Zimbabwe is still
a very male-dominated world, and
female authors who dare to speak or
write continue to have a tough, up-
hill road ahead of them.
However, there has been a lot of
new writing by women writers in-
cluding Melissa Tandiwe Myambo
(Jacaranda Journals), Blessing
Musariri (Going Home: A Trees
Story), Valerie Tagwirei (The Uncer-
tainty of Hope), Petina Gappah (An
Elegy for Easterly), Primrose Dz-
enga (Destiny in My Hands), Bryony
Rheam (This September Sun) No-
vuyo Rosa Tshuma (Shadows) and
NoViolet Bulawayo (We Need New
There are many fundamental
questions that beg for answers: is
creative writing an outlet for the
male writer? What vision of the
world do these women contribute?
And how does it compare with the
vision we associate with Zimba-
bwean literature, a literature so
deeply preoccupied, it seems, with
the struggles of men? How do these
women relate to this predominantly
male tradition, do they identify with
it, adapt it to their needs, reject it, or
ignore it? These questions provide
new and engaging ways of appreciat-
ing the significance of women writ-
ers in Zimbabwe.
As a country, we have rarely lis-
tened to our women, preferring the
drowning noises of men in our eve-
ryday reality. Yet women writers are
endowed with a special sensitivity
and passion necessary to creativity.
Yvonne Vera puts it better: A wom-
an writer must have an imagination
that is plain stubborn, that can in-
vent new gods and banish ineffectual
If we in Zimbabwe are serious about
nurturing the cultural richness of
our land, we must ensure that all
citizens with inclination and talent
to write, women included, write.
Women writing
LILIAN MASITERA 0772 924 796
Usave Saskam,
verenga udzore pfungwa
Whats booking at
The Spotlight
Harares central booking ofce
Reps Theatre Foyer, Belgravia Shopping Centre
Tel: (04) 308159 or 0771 357204
Open Mon-Fri 9am to 4pm, Sat 9am to 12 noon

On Reps Main Stage
15TH 25TH October
7 p.m. except Friday 17th and 24th
6.30 p.m.
Matinees - Saturdays 2.30 p.m.
Tickets from $8.00 to $16.00 Price includes a
free glass of wine or a beer or a coke on
production of ticket
Special prices for Members on
production of Membership Card -
In Teatre Upstairs
Under the Afuence presents
6th 11th October at 7 p.m. in Reps Teatre
Upstairs Matinee, Saturday 11th 2.30 p.m.
Tickets from $5.00

On Sale at Te Spotlight
Membership for WILDLIFE AND
Collection of Membership Fees being under-
taken by Reps as a Community Service.
Also on sale:
latest copies of Ndeipi magazine and
Jump Theatre, How to
Make a Play
Te essential handbook for everyone involved in
drama and theatre, Written by Kevin Hanssen
InnSider Cards
New InnSider cards and renewals can be done
Te Spotlight
for discounts at the Inns of Zimbabwe Group
We also sell airtime for
Econet NetOne Telecel and uMax
Collect from here the latest copies of community free
papers Harare News and Zimtrader
And dont forget that Reps membership forms are
also available!
If you would like to sell tickets through The Spotlight
call the Reps ofce mornings only 335850 for
October 5 to 11 2014
en Zimbabwean musicians have been
nominated for the 2014 All Africa Music
Awards (AFRIMA). The musicians are
part of the nominees unveiled last week
at a World Press Conference in Lagos, Nigeria.
The awards ceremony is set to take place in
Nigeria on November 9.
Media and Music Entertainment Executive,
Delani Makhalima, who is a member of the
AFRIMA Adjudication Committee compris-
ing of industry professionals from Kenya,
Benin Republic, Uganda, Egypt, South Africa,
Zimbabwe, Nigeria, Guinea Bissau, Came-
roon, Diaspora [UK and USA] said the Zimba-
bwean musicians were nominated for a total
eleven categories.
Zimbabwean music makes history. Im ex-
cited for all the nominees from Zimbabwe
for this International Award. It continues to
reinforce the relevance and potential of Zim-
babwean music. It was my role to make known
the relevant musicians in the Southern Afri-
can region, Makhalima said.
The Zimbabwean Artists nominated in re-
gional and continental categories are;
Cindy Munyavi for Best Female Artist
Southern Africa. She was nominated
alongside Lizha James and Dama Do
Bling (Mozambique), Mampi (Zambia),
Lira and Zahara (South Africa).
Jah Prayzah is nominated for Best Male
Artist Southern Africa, alongside Heavy
K and Professor (South Africa), Lawi
(Malawi), The Dogg (Nambia), Eddy
Tussa and Kueno Aionda (Angola).
Davina Green got two award nominations
for Best Female R&B and Most Promising
Artist Africa.
Two US-based Zimbabweans Taps and
Dear Zim were nominated for Best Afri
can Electro and Rock music respectively.
German-based Zimbabwean Carlprit was
nominated for best African Pop,
alongside DJ Clock and Beatenburg,
Mafikizolo, Kenyan trio Elani and
Multi-award winning and South African
based Dancehall artist Buffalo Souljah
was nominated for Best Dancehall Africa.
The Best Male Inspirational Artist Africa
went out to Sebastain Magacha and
Fungisai Zvakavapano for Best Female
Inspirational Artist Africa.
Legendary Producer Oskido (SA) and
Nigerian Shizzi together were nominated
for Producer of the Year for their hit
Tchelete performed by Davido and
Other well-known African music names on
the nominees list are: Ice Prince, Tiwa Sav-
age and Davido (Nigeria), Diamond Platnumz
(Tanzania), Amr Diab (Egypt), Angelique
Kidjo (Benin Republic), Fally Ipupa (DRC), Sa-
kordie (Ghana), Khuli Chana, Uhuru, Mafiki-
zolo and Mi Casa (South Africa).
Director Brand Communication & Sponsor-
ship, Matlou Tsotetsi explained that the ad-
judication panel adhered strictly to the entry
submission requirements while being guided
by AFRIMAs core values of FACE IT which
stand for - Fairness, Authenticity, Creativity,
Excellence, Integrity and Transparency.
The adjudication panel consisting of expe-
rienced names in the continental and global
music industry were in Lagos in July to evalu-
ate the recorded works. The entries which
met the criteria and qualified on merit were
shortlisted based on their scores and this was
sent to our Kenyan auditors who then tabu-
lated these scores. The result is what we are
presenting today, Tsotetsi said.
While 30 of the 33 award categories will be
open for voting by the public and AFRIMA
Academy of Voters, Mike Dada, President/
Executive Producer revealed that recipients
of the AFRIMA Legend and the Africa Enter-
tainment Journalist Award will be decided by
the International Committee of AFRIMA and
announced at the main awards ceremony.
As part of innovation, Makhalima promises
an app for African music lovers. In a few
months, we will launch MusiXNation, an Afri-
can Music Entertainment Platform. MusiXNa-
tion will be introduced as an App which will
allow mostly African musicians to sell their
music using mobile, tablets and Smart TVs.
MusiXNation will finally give the music lover
easy access to African music of all genres, an-
ywhere and at any time. Zimbabwean music
will be available for downloading and stream-
ing at a very affordable price. We designed a
system where the musician gets the greater
portion of the royalties. We are in its final
stages of beta-testing said Makhalima.
Betty Akna Equatorial Guinea Lembo La Mboka Ame
Reniss Cameroon Cest La Vie
Marole Tchamba Cameroon Sacre Cameroun
Mani Bella Cameroon Pala Pala Woman
Laurette La Perle Democratic Republic of Congo Terminus
Gasandji Democratic Republic of Congo Libela
Fally Ipupa Democratic Republic of Congo Original
Stanley Enow Cameroon Hein Pere
Ben Armstrong Cameron Young Prince
Jackie Chandiru Uganda Champion
Kaz Kenya Niokoe
Muthoni the Drummer Queen Kenya Nai Ni Ya Who
Size 8 Kenya Moto
Vanessa Mdee Tanzania Come Over
Wahu Kenya For You
Dan Aceda Kenya An E Yo
Diamond Platnumz Tanzania Number One
Dr. Jose Chameleone Uganda Tubonge
Kidum Burundi Hali Na Mali
Maurice Kirya Uganda The Blue Dress
Peter Msechu, featuring Amini Tanzania Nyota
Aziza Brahim Western Sahara Julud
Cheba Kheira Algeria Chelfaouia
Noura Mint Seymale Mauritania Tzenni
Samira Said Morocco Mazal
Ahmed Soultan Morocco Its Alright
Amr Diab Egypt El Leila
Cheb Bilal Algeria Ma Nansakch
Hakim Egypt Efred
MC Majhoul Algeria Ktabi
Cindy Munyavi Zimbabwe Parere Moyo
Dama Do Bling Mozambique Me Luv It
Lira South Africa Something Inside So Strong
Lizah James, featuring Uhuru Mozambique Quem Ti Mandou
Mampi Zambia Love Recipe
Zahara South Africa Impilo
Eddy Tussa Angola Margaride
Heavy K, featuring Professor South Africa Beautiful War
Jah Prayzah Zimbabwe Tsviriyo
Kueno Aionda Angola Isabel

October 5 to 11 2014
Michael Nott
magine a free, renewable,
safe source of energy with
a myriad of different ap-
plications from cooking
to water heating and light-
ing. Imagine that this source
of energy could be used for
transport and even to power
generators to make electric-
ity. Imagine that this energy
source also helps with the
growing problem of waste
management and that the by-
product of this process can be
used to boost food production
and even eliminate the need
for expensive artificial ferti-
lisers. Biogas offers all of this
and more.
What exactly is biogas?
According to Wikipedia, Bi-
ogas typically refers to a mix-
ture of gases produced by the
breakdown of organic matter
in the absence of oxygen. Bi-
ogas can be produced from re-
gionally available raw materi-
als such as recycled waste. It
is a renewable energy source
and in many cases exerts a
very small carbon footprint.
Biogas is produced by anaer-
obic digestion with anaero-
bic bacteria or fermentation
of biodegradable materials
such as manure, sewage, mu-
nicipal waste, green waste,
plant material and crops. It
is primarily methane (CH4)
and carbon dioxide (CO2)
and may have small amounts
of hydrogen sulphide (H2S),
moisture and siloxanes.
The gases methane, hy-
drogen, and carbon monox-
ide (CO) can be combusted or
oxidised with oxygen. This
energy release allows biogas
to be used as a fuel; it can be
used for any heating purpose,
such as cooking. It can also be
used in a gas engine to con-
vert the energy in the gas into
electricity and heat. [http://
The interest in biogas
production has led to the
formation of the Zimbabwe
Domestic Biogas Programme
which includes stakeholders
like the Ministry of Energy
and Power Development, the
Rural Electrification Agency,
the Ministry of Agriculture
as well as SNV Zimbabwe and
Hivos (an international de-
velopment organisation) and
others. Biogas production is
already well advanced in Eu-
rope particularly Germany,
Austria and Sweden the
USA and in the Indian sub-
Locally, development
is taking place in two main
areas; firstly for individual
households, particularly in
rural areas, and secondly on
a larger scale for schools and
community centres. Pilot pro-
jects for community based or-
ganisations are already in use
at Roosevelt School (where
all the food for the hostels is
cooked using biogas), as well
as at Harare Central Hospital,
Chikurubi Prison and at the
Pig Industry Board. There
are also projects at Red Dane
Dairy and Surrey Abattoir.
On a smaller individual
household level African
Green Tracks are producing
bio digester units that are
simple and quick to install as
well as being ideally suited
to local conditions. Its basi-
cally a black PVC bladder or
bag, into which the house-
hold feeds water and slurry.
The slurry can be made up
of kitchen and garden waste,
compost, green matter or hu-
man and animal waste like
chicken manure. Millions
of bacteria work, in the ab-
sence of oxygen, to break
down the slurry into biogas
and digestate the remain-
ing matter that can be used as
an excellent, natural form of
fertiliser. The gas is fed into
a tank and then to the house-
hold where it can be used for
cooking, lighting or water
heating. If the household al-
ready has a gas stove or water
heater it only requires small
modifications to convert most
appliances to biogas.
One of the main advan-
tages of using biogas, par-
in rural areas, is that it re-
duces the dependency on fire-
wood, thus helping efforts to
alleviate massive deforesta-
tion. Cooking with biogas is
smoke free so it reduces the
occurrence of respiratory
problems and eye infections.
Once installed the energy
produced is free and sustaina
ble. The digestate is an excel-
lent source of nutrients for
crops and food production.
To find out more contact Jed
Blanchard from African
Green Tracks on 0772 311 804
or email jedblanchard1@

Biogas clean, renewable energy for the future
No, I dont mean acres of lush, green, water guz-
zling lawn!
1. In the dry season, dont waste water on lawn
thats drying out, especially on the verge out
side your house. The grass also needs a dor
mant rest period and will spring back to life
as soon as the rains start.
2. Plant aloes and succulents, shade trees,
shrubs, ground cover and ornamental or in
digenous grass. A lawn, particularly in Africa,
is a totally unnatural ecosystem. Lawns
waste water and mowing is tedious and
time consuming.
3. Dont use artifcial chemical fertilisers and
pesticides on your lawn. If you really think
its necessary a good top dressing of manure,
top soil or compost just before the rains
start will work wonders. Chemicals afect in
sect and bird life and end up in our water
4. Shorter lawn is harder to maintain, encourag
es weeds and needs water more often, so set
your mower blades to high. Longer grass
helps to protect the roots, ofering more
shade and preventing water evaporation.
Take the grass catcher of the lawn mower
so the grass clippings can turn into natural
organic top dressing.
5. If you absolutely cant live without your
patch of green choose a small section thats
close to the house to keep watered some
where that you can see from your lounge or
bedroom window. Remember the best time
to water is early in the morning or in the
6. Make sure that your lawn mower blades are
sharp. Dull blades tear the grass damaging
the plants. Damaged grass needs more
water to look green and lush.
Greener garden tips
October 5 to October 11 2014
news updates
every morning.
Mobi News
News every day of the year
NEWS 365
to 35569.
only 80 cents
per week.
Get news update to suite your lifestyle.
farming, mechanical, metal &
wood working, engineering,
catering and artisan plumbing,
electrical & building hardwares

usual appliances & furniture,
machines & equipment plus
miscellaneous sundry smalls
at the two locations below
contact Steven: 0772499356
contact David:0772 307 383
contact Stanley: 0774174328
Contact David: 0772 307 383
Contact Stanely: 0774 174 328
16 Hood Rd (Off Highfield
Mon-Frid 8am to 5pm
for quality items in Greendale
Contact Savious 0775 502 724
for general items in Southerton
Contact Steven 0772 499 356
2001 Toyota Voxy S/Wagon ..$5700
1983 Toyota Cressida sedan $2500
Cabin Cruiser boat on trailer c/w
Volvo in engine & out leg......$1700
Fishing boat 12ft on trailer c/w
Johnson 60hp outboard mot $2300
for lowest commission under
covered and secure premises and
cash in your pocket. ZRP & ZIMRA
clearances are undertaken for you.
CONTACT DAVID 0772 307 383
Asphalt Available For
Potholes, Driveways,
Car Parks, Tennis Courts,
Service Stations, Food Courts,
Road Surfacing
Call (04) 305506/8/9
(054) 220178
(09) 69423/4
0772 484 005/ 0716 376 972
Super Rocky Dr. Lee
Therapy for a competely
Happy/ Healthy plus sex
life in the privacy of your
home, no medicines,no
injections, no operations
experience the amazing
results in short period of
Tel:09 60533,0779508274
Health &
SAITA Safaris Guest Lodge, 64
Palmer Road, Milton Park.
Execut i ve r ooms cal l : -
0712736239; 0773989655;
0738620300 200986
Northway Heights
2 Bedroomed Lounge, Fitted
Walled and Gated.Rent $450
+ Deposits
Call:0772 261 037
0772 211 301, 0716 405 980
Flats To Let
Auction Sales and
Auction Sales and
Supplies, Installs & Repairs:
*Sliding & Automatic Gates
*Centurion Gate & Garage Motors
*Electric Fence & Razor Wire
*Alarms & Sensors
*CCTV & Access Control
*Boom Gates
*Diamond Mesh & Game fencing
Call us anytime at
0772 803 091, 0712 552 224,
0772 803 067
Services available
throughout the country
Harare: 086 4410 7953
Bulawayo: (09) 230803/4
506 506
BOERBULL X Puppies 7 weeks
vaccinated $200 Greendale
Harare cell Frances 0772 341
ACCOUNTI NG Ser vi ces,
company formation, updating
company returns, project
p r o p o s a l s . P h o n e
0772682955, 0772807352,
04 710454
506 506
Notice of an application for a Permit
in terms of Section 26(3) of the Act:
Notice is hereby given of an
application to establish a Place of
Assembly on the Remainder of
Kuf ar a of Subdi vi si on A of
Kingsmead Extension of Borrow/dale
(62 Piers Road, Borrowdale) Harare.
1.It is proposed to establish a Human
Resour ces and Management
Training Centre on the quoted
proper ty which is situated in
residential zone 1A (i) (Residential
Low Density) of the operative City of
Harare Combi ned Nor t h-East
Sect i ons 1-4 Town Pl anni ng
Scheme, wherein the proposed use
requires special consent of the Local
Planning Authority.
2.The permit if granted will cancel
condition 1 registered in the Title
Deed of the property (Deed of
Transfer No. 958/1988) which
'that no bar, canteen, hotel, or place
for the sale of wines, malt or sprituos
l i quors, or restaurant, shop,
sl aughter pol es or any ki nd
whatsoever shall be or may be
commenced, carried on, conducted
or erected upon the said property'
3.In terms of the Act, the application
is supposed to be advertised and
owners of adjacent proper ties
notified in writing before being
considered by the Local Planning
The application, plans and any
speci al condi ti ons whi ch the
Authority is likely to impose in the
'event of this application being
favourabl y consi dered maybe
inspected, at the address below
during normal office hours.
Any person wishing to make
objections or representations relating
to the application must lodge them
with the undersigned within one
month of the date of the insertion of
this notice.
ROOM 307, 3rd FLOOR
Metal Tanks &
Tank Stands (1m-12m),
Pump Installations, Irrigation
and Borehole siting
No. 81 Woolwich Road, Bay 16
IDBZ Complex Unit Willowvale Industries
Harare. Tel 04-665964
0772 303 638
NOTICE is hereby given that
application will intend to apply
for a certified copy in lieu of
the original issued on the 13th
February 2004 under Deed of
Transfer No.817/2004 made
i n f avour of TOZI VEYI
(born on 11th August 1977)
whereby a certain piece of
land situate in the district of
13167 Norton Township of
S t a n d 1 4 1 9 1 No r t o n
Township measuring 9120
S q u a r e Me t r e s , wa s
Al l per son havi ng any
objections to, or whishing to
make any representation in
connection with the issue of
such copy are hereby required
to lodge the same, in writing,
with the Register of deeds, at
Harare, within 14 days from
the date of publication of this
13167 KNOWE
Notices 903
ONE on one practical ICT, skills
i n c l u d i n g d a t a b a s e s ,
spreadsheets, ICDL, Pastel
Account i ng & Comput er
Sci ence. 0775180302,
DEBTORS and to all whom it m a y
c o n c e r n . In the estate of the late
of HARARE who died at HARARE
on the 4th day of April 2008 .
All persons having claims against
the above-named estate are
required to lodge them in detail with
the undersigned not later than the
3rd day of November 2014, and
those indebted thereto are required
to pay to the undersigned the
amounts due by them within the
same period, failing which legal
proceedings will be taken for the
recovery t h e r e o f .
All persons having in their custody
or possession any proper ty
belonging or relating to this estate
are required to deliver the same
forthwith to the u n d e r s i g n e d .
Tokwane Consultants, 4th Fl,
Regal Star Hse, 25 G Silundika
Avenue, Harare
October 5 to 11 2014 32 THE STANDARD STYLE
24-26 OCTOBER 2014
HUBs include: VIP HUB, Beauty HUB, Kids Entertainment HUB and Wireless Internet HUB.
Gates Open 9am | Gates Close to 8pm