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Omar AL-Hourani

:Introduction
.


.

:Conjunctions
:
and : , or :
while

, but :

, both :

, when

neither … nor :

, either :

,

, what

, then :

, as well as

,

notwithstanding :

:
:"or" "and"

.

She is smart. He is smart.
.

"or"

.

"and"
:
.

She and he are smart.
"
She or he is smart.

www.expressenglish.4t.com

She and he

"is"

"

"are"
.

Omar AL-Hourani

:

-

"and"

.
My hobbies are swimming, reading, programming and exploring.
My hobbies are swimming and reading and programming and
exploring.
.

"and"

.
1) She is studying both English and French.

(

.

(

2) Neither she nor her sister were in the party.
.

(

.

(

3) Meet her first then take your decision.
4) He as well as you is tired.
.

(

5) Kill him (or else/otherwise) he will kill you.
.

I

I and he are going.
He and I are going.
I or he is going.
He or I is going.

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Omar AL-Hourani

:Table of conjunctions
"

"

-

.
meaning or function

simple conjunctions

adding, listing:

and

alternatives:
contrast:
negative addition:

or
but
nor

comparison

as , than , like

as if , as thought

condition

if , unless

contrast:

(al)though
while
whereas

seeing , given ,
provided
even though

degree or extent:
exception:
place:
preference:

2- or 3- word
conjunctions

both …and
not only … but
either … or
not … but
neither … nor

as far as
but (that) ,
except ( that)

as … so
as … as
if … then
although … yet

so … that

where , wherever
rather than , sooner
than

proportion:

as … so
the … the

purpose:

so that ,
in order that

reason and cause:
respect:
result:

because , as , since

indirect question:
same time:
time:
earlier time:
later time:
just after:

whether , if
when(ever) , while , as
before , until , till
after , since
once , when ,
whereupon

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double conjunctions

in that
so that ,
such that
whether … or
now (that)

immediately (that)

Omar AL-Hourani

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