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# CLASS ACTION JOINDER RULE ANALYSIS

Step 1: DEFINE STEP 2: PROVE STEP 3: FIT STEP 4: PROVE STEP 5: NOTIFY
R. 23(c) R. 23(a) R. 23(b) R. 23(b)(3) R. 23(c)(2)(B)
1. Class and Claims.
Class Representat!e
(CR) "#st be a "e"ber
\$% t&e class (C').
2. The standard o the
anal!sis"
Rigorous: Part( see)n*
cert%cat\$n (PSC) "#st
pr\$!e t&e %\$#r ele"ents
\$% a pr\$per class.
N#merosit!.
+ ,\$n-er "practcable.
Commonalit!.
+ c\$""\$n . t&at
res\$l!es an ss#e
central t\$ t&e !al-t(
\$% eac& C's/ cla".
T!\$i%alit!.
+ CR "#st p\$ssess t&e
sa"e nterest an-
s#%%er t&e sa"e n,#r(
t(pcal \$% t&e C's.
Re\$resentation.
By CR:
F#ll( "\$t!ate- an-
res\$#rce- ncl#-n*
a-e0#ate c\$#nsel.
By Counsel:
In!est*ate-
E1perence-
R. 23(*)
'()'1) Im\$aired*
E+\$osed Class.
Sa"e anal(ss \$% t&ese
%act\$rs as c\$"p#ls\$r(
,\$n-er (R.12) \$r
nterplea-er (R.22).
'()'2) In,#n%tion*
De%laration Class.
\$ '\$ne( "#st be
3nc-ental.4
'()'-) Common*
.one! Class./
*IF (b)(3), PSC must
go on to Steps 4 and 5.
0redominan%e.
In-!-#al 0#est\$ns
"#st n\$t \$!er5&el"
c\$""\$n 0#est\$ns.
S#\$eriorit!.
+ "e"bers/ nterest
n pr\$sec#tn* t&er
\$5n cla".
+ \$t&er lt*at\$n \$n
t&e cla".
+ s#table %\$r#".
+ "ana*eable class.
I% t&e Class s cert%e-
#n-er (b)(3)6 C's "#st
rece!e n\$tce t&at
"eets t&e re0#re"ents
\$% R. 27(c)(2)(B).
F\$r e1a" p#rp\$ses6
n\$tce t\$ C's "#st:
1. .eet Mullane
stan-ar-.
2. O\$t1o#t \$pt\$n.
3. In%\$r" t&at
,#d2ment is
(indin2 \$n C' 5&\$
rece!es n\$tce an-
-\$es n\$t \$pt \$#t.
8\$&n 9e!al)n* : C!l Pr\$ce-#re II : Trnt( 2;12
CLASS ACTION JURISDICTIONAL ANALYSIS
0ERSONAL JURISDICTION 1 DUE 0ROCESS S.J 1 DI3ERSITY JURISDICTION 1 24 U.S.C. 5 1--2 RE.O3AL
Deendants Class .em(ers 'i
\$laintis)
1--2'a) 1--2'd) CA6A 2< =.S.C. > 1?@3
pr\$!-es rela1e-
stan-ar-s %\$r re"\$!al \$%
class act\$ns:
1. N\$ &\$"e+state
-e%en-ant r#le.
2. N\$ \$ne+(ear t"e
l"t.
3. N\$ nee- %\$r all
-e%en-ants t\$
c\$nsent t\$
re"\$!al6 \$ne
-e%en-ant al\$ne
"a( re"\$!e t&e
class act\$n.
Remand:
T(pcall(6 a plant%%
see)n* re"an- 5ll
ar*#e t&at t&e class
act\$n s a tr#l( l\$cal
#n-er 1332(-)(3) \$r (?).
8#st l)e an( \$t&er
c!l act\$n:
1. 'n"#"
C\$ntacts
(ncl#-n* ABS).
2. S#%%cent N\$tce.
Re\$resentation.
2. S#i%ient Noti%e.
T&e \$nl( bases \$n
5&c& a C' "a(
s#bse0#entl( ar*#e t&at
t&e ,#-*"ent n t&e
class act\$n s&\$#l- n\$t
bn- t&e C' are:
(1) na-e0#ate
representat\$n6 \$r
(2) ns#%%cent n\$tce.
See n\$tce
re0#re"ents n ,\$n-er
anal(ss Step @6
R. 23(c)(2)(B).
'\$stl(6 l)e an( \$t&er
c!l act\$n.
C\$"plete -!erst(: n\$
CR s a ctCen \$% t&e
sa"e state as an(
-e%en-ant.
BIC: "#st be "et
n-!-#all( b( CRs.
o B#t Exxon
apples6 l)e an(
c!l act\$n 5t&
"#ltple plant%%s
\$n t&e sa"e cla"
a*anst t&e sa"e
-e%en-ant(s).
1. 7 188 C.s.
2. Total AIC D \$5 mil.
3. Minimal di9ersit!.
o 'n"al -!erst( E an(
C' -!erse %r\$" an(
-e%en-ant.
.#as+A\$cal Bct\$ns:
1--2'd)'-) : C\$#rt may
-eclne ,1n i 71*- :2*- \$%
C's an- \$rimar! D n
%\$r#" state. Fact\$rs:
+ nterstate nterestF
+ *\$!erne- b( FS la5F
+ -stnct ne1#s \$% FS 5t&
C's6 n,#r(6 OR
-e%en-ants. FGI + see
1332(c)(3)(B)+(F).
Tr#l( A\$cal Bct\$ns:
1--2'd)';) : C\$#rt mus
-eclne ,1n % 7 2*- C.s6
pr"ar( D6 and in,#r! n FS.
8\$&n 9e!al)n* : C!l Pr\$ce-#re II : Trnt( 2;12