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CLASS ACTION JOINDER RULE ANALYSIS

Step 1: DEFINE STEP 2: PROVE STEP 3: FIT STEP 4: PROVE STEP 5: NOTIFY
R. 23(c) R. 23(a) R. 23(b) R. 23(b)(3) R. 23(c)(2)(B)
1. Class and Claims.
Class Representat!e
(CR) "#st be a "e"ber
$% t&e class (C').
2. The standard o the
anal!sis"
Rigorous: Part( see)n*
cert%cat$n (PSC) "#st
pr$!e t&e %$#r ele"ents
$% a pr$per class.
N#merosit!.
+ ,$n-er "practcable.
Commonalit!.
+ c$""$n . t&at
res$l!es an ss#e
central t$ t&e !al-t(
$% eac& C's/ cla".
T!$i%alit!.
+ CR "#st p$ssess t&e
sa"e nterest an-
s#%%er t&e sa"e n,#r(
t(pcal $% t&e C's.
Ade&#a%! o
Re$resentation.
By CR:
F#ll( "$t!ate- an-
res$#rce- ncl#-n*
a-e0#ate c$#nsel.
By Counsel:
In!est*ate-
E1perence-
R. 23(*)
'()'1) Im$aired*
E+$osed Class.
Sa"e anal(ss $% t&ese
%act$rs as c$"p#ls$r(
,$n-er (R.12) $r
nterplea-er (R.22).
'()'2) In,#n%tion*
De%laration Class.
$ '$ne( "#st be
3nc-ental.4
'()'-) Common*
.one! Class./
*IF (b)(3), PSC must
go on to Steps 4 and 5.
0redominan%e.
In-!-#al 0#est$ns
"#st n$t $!er5&el"
c$""$n 0#est$ns.
S#$eriorit!.
+ "e"bers/ nterest
n pr$sec#tn* t&er
$5n cla".
+ $t&er lt*at$n $n
t&e cla".
+ s#table %$r#".
+ "ana*eable class.
I% t&e Class s cert%e-
#n-er (b)(3)6 C's "#st
rece!e n$tce t&at
"eets t&e re0#re"ents
$% R. 27(c)(2)(B).
F$r e1a" p#rp$ses6
n$tce t$ C's "#st:
1. .eet Mullane
stan-ar-.
2. O$t1o#t $pt$n.
3. In%$r" t&at
,#d2ment is
(indin2 $n C' 5&$
rece!es n$tce an-
-$es n$t $pt $#t.
8$&n 9e!al)n* : C!l Pr$ce-#re II : Trnt( 2;12
CLASS ACTION JURISDICTIONAL ANALYSIS
0ERSONAL JURISDICTION 1 DUE 0ROCESS S.J 1 DI3ERSITY JURISDICTION 1 24 U.S.C. 5 1--2 RE.O3AL
Deendants Class .em(ers 'i
$laintis)
1--2'a) 1--2'd) CA6A 2< =.S.C. > 1?@3
pr$!-es rela1e-
stan-ar-s %$r re"$!al $%
class act$ns:
1. N$ &$"e+state
-e%en-ant r#le.
2. N$ $ne+(ear t"e
l"t.
3. N$ nee- %$r all
-e%en-ants t$
c$nsent t$
re"$!al6 $ne
-e%en-ant al$ne
"a( re"$!e t&e
class act$n.
Remand:
T(pcall(6 a plant%%
see)n* re"an- 5ll
ar*#e t&at t&e class
act$n s a tr#l( l$cal
#n-er 1332(-)(3) $r (?).
8#st l)e an( $t&er
c!l act$n:
1. 'n"#"
C$ntacts
(ncl#-n* ABS).
2. S#%%cent N$tce.
1. Ade&#ate
Re$resentation.
2. S#i%ient Noti%e.
T&e $nl( bases $n
5&c& a C' "a(
s#bse0#entl( ar*#e t&at
t&e ,#-*"ent n t&e
class act$n s&$#l- n$t
bn- t&e C' are:
(1) na-e0#ate
representat$n6 $r
(2) ns#%%cent n$tce.
See n$tce
re0#re"ents n ,$n-er
anal(ss Step @6
R. 23(c)(2)(B).
'$stl(6 l)e an( $t&er
c!l act$n.
C$"plete -!erst(: n$
CR s a ctCen $% t&e
sa"e state as an(
-e%en-ant.
BIC: "#st be "et
n-!-#all( b( CRs.
o B#t Exxon
apples6 l)e an(
c!l act$n 5t&
"#ltple plant%%s
$n t&e sa"e cla"
a*anst t&e sa"e
-e%en-ant(s).
1. 7 188 C.s.
2. Total AIC D $5 mil.
3. Minimal di9ersit!.
o 'n"al -!erst( E an(
C' -!erse %r$" an(
-e%en-ant.
.#as+A$cal Bct$ns:
1--2'd)'-) : C$#rt may
-eclne ,1n i 71*- :2*- $%
C's an- $rimar! D n
%$r#" state. Fact$rs:
+ nterstate nterestF
+ *$!erne- b( FS la5F
+ -stnct ne1#s $% FS 5t&
C's6 n,#r(6 OR
-e%en-ants. FGI + see
1332(c)(3)(B)+(F).
Tr#l( A$cal Bct$ns:
1--2'd)';) : C$#rt mus
-eclne ,1n % 7 2*- C.s6
pr"ar( D6 and in,#r! n FS.
8$&n 9e!al)n* : C!l Pr$ce-#re II : Trnt( 2;12