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-´’çí∫-∞¡-¢√®Ωç 8 -ï-†-´-J 2008 Ñ-Ø√-úø’ £j«-ü¿®√-¶«-ü˛ 2

Tejas: Vihar, you've been searching for a book. Tejas: It is not just reading, you know. I have to
Is this it? study it and make notes. Just a few days.
(†’´¤y ã °æ¤Ææhéπç éÓÆæç ¢Áûª’-èπ◊-ûª’-Ø√o´¤. ÉüËØ√ Let's say the weekend.
ÅC?) (ÅC Íé´©ç îªü¿-´ôç é¬ü¿’-éπü∆. ü∆Eo ¶«í¬
Vihar: That certainly it is. Where did you see it? °æJ-Q-Lç* îªCN notes ®√Ææ’éÓ¢√L. éÌCl
(éπ*a-ûªçí¬ ÅüË. áéπ\úø éπE-°œç-*çC Fèπ◊?) ®ÓV©’. Ñ ¢√®√çûªç ņ’éÓ.)
Tejas: You lent it to Vinai. He asked me to give Vihar: OK then. But do let me have it.
it back to you. (ÆæÍ®. é¬F Ø√é¬ °æ¤Ææhéπç ´÷vûªç É´¤y)
(†’´yC N†-ß˝’-éÀ-î √a´¤. Åûªúø’ Fèπ◊ Look at the following sentence pairs from the
DEoîËaߪ’´’-Ø√oúø’.) dialogue above.
Here it is. (ÉCíÓ) 1) You've been searching for a book. Is this it? 2) You lent it to Vinai. He asked me to give it
[I bought a pen yesterday. It is this.
Vihar: How forgetful of me. I lent the book to 2) You lent it to Vinai. He asked me to give it
Ééπ\úø
back to you.
Pen, subject sentence
him. I clean forgot it. back to you.
é¬ü¿’. Åçü¿’-éπE †’
Ñ È®çúÕç-öÀF, É™«çöÀ sentences E éπL-Ê°--ô°æ¤púø’ which/ that omit
éπL-Ê°-ô-°æ¤púø’ îËߪ’-í∫©ç.)
(áçûª ´’A-´’-®Ω°æ¤ Ø√èπ◊! Åûª-úÕéà °æ¤Ææhéπç Éî√a- 3) I had lent it to him. I clean forgot about it. é¬Ææh ñ«ví∫ûªh Å´-Ææ®Ωç. éÌClí¬ éπ≠dçæ . îª÷úøçúÕ. This is the pen which/ that I bought yesterday
†E °æ‹Jhí¬ ´’®Ω-*-§Ú-ߪ÷-ØËo†’.) 4) It is a wonderful book. It tells us how to devel- Vinai who you lent the book to, asked me to
Tejas: What's the book about? = This is the pen I bought yesterday.
op self confidence. give it back to you.
5) The author has a son. He is famous too =
(üËEo í∫’Jç* °æ¤Ææhéπç ÅC?) 5) The author has a son. He is famous too. Vinai who you lent the book to = Vinai to
Vihar: It's a wonderful book. It tells us how to 6) He writes books on the same subject. They The author has a son who is famous too.
whom you lent the book - whom É°æ¤púø’ É™«
develop self confidence. are well known too. who to
¢√úø-ôç-™‰-ü¿E, ü∆E-•-ü¿’©’ Åçö«-®ΩE ´’†ç (Ééπ\úø èπÿú≈ who ´·êuç. Omit îËߪ’ôç
(Åü¿’s¥-ûª-¢Á’i† °æ¤Ææhéπç ÉC. Çûªt-N-¨»yÆæç ᙫ 7) Our lecturer Sambasiva Rao recommended î√™«-≤ƒ®Ω’x îª÷¨»ç. èπ◊ü¿-®Ωü¿’.)
°ç-éÓ-¢√™ îÁ°æ¤hçC.) their books to me. He conducts training pro- A: I gave the book to Satish. 6) He writes books on the same subject. They
Tejas: How about lending it to me for a few grammes on the same subject. B: Who to? (To whom •ü¿’©’) = á´-JéÀ? are well known too.
days? Who, sentences He writes books on
Éçûª-´-®Ωèπ◊ ´’†ç 3) I lent the book to Ñ È®çúø’ †÷
(éÌEo ®ÓV-©-§ƒô’ Ø√é¬-°æ¤-Ææhéπç É≤ƒh¢√?) whose, which, that, when, him. I clean forgot the same subjects which are well known too
Vihar: Certainly, but let me finish it. This author where
©ûÓ È®çúø’ sen- about it = I clean ÅE éπL§ƒç ņ’-éÓçúÕ. Å°æ¤púø’which books
has a son. He is famous too. tences
ᙫ
(ûª°æp-èπ◊çú≈. ¢Á·ü¿ô ††’o ü∆Eo °æ‹Jh-îË-ߪ’F. îª÷¨»ç éπü∆?
join
îËßÁ·îÓa
-Ççí∫x-¶µ«-≠æ-ù 406 forgot (that) I lent it
to him.
subject
í∫’Jç* îÁ°æp-èπ◊çú≈, ü∆EéÀ ü¿í∫_-®Ω’†o
í∫’Jç* îÁ°œp-†-ôx-´¤-ûª’çC. 鬕öÀd É™«çöÀ Ææ´’Ææu
Ñ ®Ωîª-®·ûªéÌéπ éÌúø’-èπ◊-Ø√oúø’. ´*a-†-°æ¤púø’, which ûÓ éπLÊ° °æØË-™‰-èπ◊çú≈,
and ûÓ éπL-°œûË problem Öçúøü¿’.

The stench of cor r uption fills India


Åûª†’ èπÿú≈ ¶«í¬ Ê°®Ω’-†o-¢√úË.)
Tejas: Does he write on the same He writes books on the same subject
subjects too? and they are famous too. ™‰èπ◊çõ‰
(Åûªúø’ èπÿú≈ ÉüË N≠æ-ߪ÷© O’ü¿ which 鬢√-©-†’-èπ◊çõ‰, É™« éπ©’-°æ¤û√ç.
®√≤ƒhú≈?) The books (which/ that) he writes on
Vihar: He does. They are well known too. (Åûª-úÕéÀ °æ¤Ææhéπç Éî√a†’. ÅC ؈’ the same subject are famous too.
Ñ≤ƒJ ÅüË °æü¿l¥-A™ é¬Ææh §Òúø’-í¬öÀ
(Å´¤†’. ÅûªúÕ °æ¤Ææh-鬩’ èπÿú≈ ¶«í¬ Ê°®Ω’- sentences ᙫ join îËߪ’-í∫-©¢Á÷ ûÁ©’-Ææ’- ´’®Ω-*-§Ú-ߪ÷†’ = Åûª-úÕéÀ °æ¤Ææhéπç (Ééπ\úø which/ that ´C-™‰-ßÁ·îª’a)
†o¢Ë.) èπ◊çü∆ç. É™« join îËÊÆ-ô-°æ¤púø’, ûÁ©’-í∫’™E Éî√a-†E ´’®Ω-*-§Ú-ߪ÷†’) 7) Our lecturer Sambasiva Rao recommended
Tejas: Our lecturer Sambasiva Rao recom- ¢Á·ü¿öÀ sentence, English ™ *´®Ω 4) It is a wonderful book. It tells us their books to me. He conducts training pro-
mended their books to me. He also con- ®√´îª’a; Éçü¿’èπ◊ ´uA-Í®-éπ¢Ë’ Ŵa. ´’†ç how to develop self confidence. grammes on the same subject.
ducts training programmes on these sub- ᙫ join îËÆ œØ√
It is wonderful book which (that) = Our lecturer Sambasiva Rao who recom-
Å®Ωnç ´÷vûªç
jects. ´÷®Ωèπÿúøü¿’. ÅC ´·êuç. tells us how to develop self confi- mended their books to me conducts training
M.SURESAN
(¢√∞¡x °æ¤Ææh-鬩’ îªü¿-¢√-©E ´’† lecturer 1) You've been searching for a book. dence. programmes on the same subject.
Sambasiva Rao îÁ§ƒp®Ω’. Çߪ’† èπÿú≈ Ñ Is this it? - book- inanimate (ÅîË-ûª-†-¢Á’i†/
v§ƒùç-™‰E– Åçü¿’-éπE which ûÓ join îË≤ƒhç.) (Ééπ\úø ´’†ç which/ that, ´C-™‰ßª’ú≈EéÀ ™‰ü¿’. Ñ sentence pairs (¢√é¬u© ïûª-©)†’ éπ©-°æúøç
N≠æߪ÷™x Péπ~ù ûª®Ω-í∫-ûª’©’ E®Ωy-£œ«-≤ƒh®Ω’.)
Is this the book which you've been searching
áçü¿’-éπçõ‰, Ééπ\úø which/ that ûÁL-Ê°C, sentence éÌçîÁç éπ≠d-¢æ Á’i-†üË. Åçü¿’-éπE é¬Ææh practice Å´-
Vihar: When do you think you can finish the subject Ææ®Ωç. O’®Ω’ join îËߪ’-™‰-éπ-§Ú-®·-†çûª ´÷vû√† ÅüµÁj-®Ωu-
for? í∫’Jç*.)
book? sentence No.1 ™ Å®·ûË which/ that, °æ-úø-†-éπ\-®Ω-™‰ü¿’, îªü¿’-´¤ûª÷, practise îËÆæ÷h Öçõ‰
Éçûª-èπ◊-´·çü¿’ îª÷¨»ç. É™«ç-öÀ-îÓôx which ´C-™‰- ÅüË
(°æ¤Ææh-é¬Eo á°æ¤púø’ °æ‹Jh-îË-ߪ’-í∫-©†E ņ’èπ◊çô’- ßÁ·-îªaE. book í∫ ’Jç* îÁ§ƒh®·. Ééπ\úø book subject ÅüË ´Ææ’hçC.
Ø√o´¤?) Is this book you've been looking for. é¬ü¿’. Åçü¿ ’-éπE which/ that, ´C-™‰-ßÁ·îª’a.

EXERCISE I EXERCISE II 2- A, G. Profile = Sideview (of head), Outline 4-B. Stench= Stink =
Join the following pairs of sentences Match the words under A with their (side-
°æéπ\-†’ç* îª÷Æœ-†-°æ¤púø’ äéπ ´uéÀh ´·ê-Í®ê ü¿’®√y-Ææ†/ éπç°æ¤/ èπ◊∞¡Ÿx éπç°æ¤.
using who, whom, whose, which/ that. meanings under B view of a person's head & face), (áü¿’-öÀ-†’ç* The stench of the dead bodies at the place of
1) He has two sons. They are the same height A B
îª÷Æœ-†-°æ¤púø’ é¬èπ◊çú≈). the accident filled the air = ¨¡¢√© ü¿’®√y-Ææ†
as he. (who) NT RamaRao had an impressive profile =
1. Braggart A. Sideview (of head)
(èπ◊∞¡Ÿx, éπç°æ¤) ûÓ EçúÕ-§Ú-®·ç-ü¿-éπ\úø í¬©çû√.
NT ®√´÷-®√´¤ ¢Á·£æ«ç (sideview) ´’†-Ææ’q-†’ The stench of corruption fills India =
2) There are two rooms upstairs. They have 2. Profile B. Stink
not been used for years. (which/ that) 3. Deserve C. Wish
-Çéπô’d-èπ◊-ØËC. ¶µ«®Ωû˝ Åçû√ ÅN-FA èπ◊∞¡Ÿx-éπç-°æ¤ûÓ EçúÕ ÖçC.
The stench of something burning could be
3) Is that your teacher? His son left for the 4. Stench D. Earn
äéπ-JE/ äéπ-ü∆E í∫’Jç* ´·êu-¢Á’i† N´-®√©’ èπÿú≈
profile. felt strongly =
states last week. (whose)
àüÓ é¬L† ü¿’®√y-Ææ† ´≤ÚhçC.
5. Frown E. Boaster X fragrance
4) A few attended the lecture. They found it Let me have a profile of the company = (Ææ’¢√-Ææ†)
F. Glare 5-F. Frown = Glare =
interesting. (who/ that) Ç éπç°E N´-®√©’ (ü∆E îªJvûª ÆæçéÀ~-°æhçí¬) Ø√èπ◊ ØÌÆæ©’ *öÀxç* éÓ°æç/ Bv´
G. Outline ÅÆæ-´’tA ûÁ©-°æúøç.
5) This pen is Ramesh's. He is not here now. ûÁ©’°æ¤.
KEY: 1-E. Braggart = Boaster = íÌ°æp©’ îÁ°æ¤p- High profile = v°æ´·-ê-¢Á’i†. The minute I turn on the TV, I see a frown on
(whose)
éÌ-ØË-¢√∞¡Ÿx/ v°æí∫-™«s¥©’ °æL-Íé-¢√∞¡Ÿx. Brag = Boast my dad's face = TV on
ANSWERS He is a high profile actor. ؈’ îËÊÆh î√©’, ´÷
= v°æí∫-™«s¥©’ °æ©-éπôç/ íÌ°æp©’ îÁ°æ¤p-éÓ-´úøç.
3-D. Deserve= Earn=
Ø√†o ¢Á·£æ«ç-O’ü¿ ØÌÆæ©’ *öÀxç-°æ¤ûÓ éÓ°æç/ ÅÆæ-
1) He has two sons who are the same height Team India did not live up to its brag=
Å®Ω|ûª §Òçü¿úøç. ´’tA Öçö«®·.
as he. Kumble deserves to be the captain =
¶µ«®Ωûª ïô’d ûª† v°æí∫-™«s¥©’ Eïç îËߪ’-™‰-éπ-§Ú-®·çC. frown = éÓ°æç, ÅÆæ-´’tAûÓ ØÌÆæ©’ *öÀxç-îªúøç.
2) There are two rooms upstairs which/ that Captain
Elders frown at youngsters talking of love and
í¬ ÖçúË-ü¿’èπ◊ èπ◊綉xèπ◊ ûªT† Å®Ω|ûª ÖçC.
Uttarakumara (the Mahabharatam) was a
have not been used for years. Most ministers don't deserve to be ministers
braggart/ boaster= sex = *†o-¢√∞¡Ÿx vÊ°´’, ¨¡%çí¬®Ωç í∫’Jç* ´÷ö«x-
3) Is that your teacher whose son left for the = ´’çvûª’™x áèπ◊\-´-´’çC Ç °æü¿-´¤-©èπ◊ Å®Ω’|-©’-鬮Ω’. úøôç °ü¿l-¢√-∞¡xèπ◊ éÓ°æç ûÁ°œp-Ææ’hçC.
states last week?
¶µ«®Ω-ûªç™ Öûªh-®Ω-èπ◊-´÷-®Ω’úø’ v°æí∫-™«s¥-©-´÷J. (earn = v°æA¶µº, éπ%≠œ ´©x Å®Ω|ûª Ææ秃-Cç--éÓ-´úøç)
Each political party boasts of its achieve- Glare = éÓ°æçí¬ îª÷úøôç.
4) The few who attended the lecture found it He deserves the punishment/ to be punished He glared at me when I asked for more salary
ment=
interesting. = Åûªúø’ Ç Péπ~èπ◊ Å®Ω’|úø’. = áèπ◊\´ @ûªç ÅúÕ-T-†ç-ü¿’èπ◊ Ø√¢Áj°æ¤ éÓ°æçí¬
5) Ramesh whose pen this is is not here.
v°æA §ƒKd û√†’ ≤ƒCµç-*-†-ü∆E í∫’Jç* íÌ°æp©’ îÁ°æ¤p- frown X smile.
undeserving = Å®Ω|-ûª-™‰E. îª÷¨»úø’.
éÌç-ô’çC.

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