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mqrjeis udOHfõoshl=f.

a igyka

iqkkao foaYm%sh

ckdêm;sjrK wNsfhda. ^04&


¥Ikh iy NSIkh
furg hy md,kh ;yjqre lsÍu msKsi kS;HdkQl+,j msyg s qjk ,o tkuq;a
uyskao rdcmlaI wdKavqj úiska wl%Sh lrk ,o wdh;k .Kkdjla ;sfí' th
isoqj we;af;a wm ljre;a okakd jHjia:dfjys 17 jk ixfidaOkh l%shd;aul
fkdlr isàu u.sks' tu wdh;k fufia h'

1' iajdëk udkj ysñlï fldñiu


2' iajdëk fmd,sia fldñiu
3' iajdëk wêlrK fldñiu
4' iajdëk rdcH fiajd fldñiu
5' iajdëk w,a,ia iy ¥Ik fldñiu

fuu wdh;k iuQyh wlS%h lsÍfuka jdis w;ajkafka ljr l%shd ms<sfj;lg o
hkak w¨f;ka lSug wjYH ke;' th neÆ ne,augu meyeÈ<s h' ;uka 17jk
jHjia:d ixfidaOkh l%shd;aul fkdlrkafka ukaoehs wdKavqj oeka
f;j;djl § lreKQ ;=kla f.kyer md ;sfí'

1'hqoaOh meje;s ld,fhys wdKavqfõ laIud,dmlfhda wmg lSfõ hqoaOh


lrf.k hdug ckdêm;sjrhdg wjYH n,h mj;ajd .ekSu msKsi fuu
fldñIka iNd m;a fkdlrk nj hs'

2'2008 fkdjeïn¾ 26 Èk ckdêm;s ueÿrg leojQ mqj;am;a l;=jrekag


ckdêm;sjrhd lshd isáfha 17 jk ixfidaOkh hgf;a foaYmd,k mlaI
úiska fhdackd lrk jHjia:d iNdjla u.ska iajdëk fldñIka iNd
msysgqùug uÕla ;sìh fkdyels neúka ;uka th l%shd;aul fkdlrk nj hs'

3'uE; § hqfrdamd ix.ufhka jrKsh nÿ iykh ,nd .ekSu msksi bÈßm;a


lrk ,o jd¾;dfjys uyskao rdcmlaI wdKavj q lshkafka 17 jk ixfidaOkh
u.ska md¾,sfïka;f = jys n,h isú,a mqoa.,hskag mejefrk neúka iajdëk
fldñIka iNd m;a lsÍug woyila ke;s nj hs' tkï th jHjia:dkql+,
fkdjk nj h' ^wdKavqfõ ms<s;=re jd¾;dj weuqKQfuys 17 msgqj&

tkuq;a ckdêm;s rdcmlaI uy;df.a 2005 ue;sjrK fmdfrdkaÿ m;%h jQ


uyskao Ñka;kh wvqu jYfhka fuu tla fldñiula .ek i|yka lrkafka
th jvd iún, .kajk nj Ym: lrñks( —fmd,sia fldñifï we;s wvqmdvq
u. yrjd n|jd .eksï" Wiiaùï yd ia:dk udreùï idOdrKj yd läkñka
bgq lsÍu i|yd úêúOdk i,ikafkñ'˜ 17 jk ixfidaOkh wfydais lrk
nj uyskao Ñka;kfha lsisu ;ekl lshd ke;'

17jk ixfidaOkh md¾,sfïka;=fjys iïu; jQfha talckaofhks' tod tu


mk; f.k taug uQ,l s ;ajh .;a Y%S,ksm foaYmd,{fhda wo ksÈjeo isá;s'
fuu ixfidaOkh wjYH jQfha wka lsis lreKlg jvd úOdhl ckdêm;s
OQrh i;= wiSñ; n,;, md,kh lefrk ;=,k iy ixjrKhka f,i h' th
jHjia:djg wkQl+< njg fY%AIG a dêlrKh talu;slj ;SrKh lf<a h'
ckdêm;sjrhdf.a ys;u = ;hg wkqj rg md,kh lsÍu je<elaùu msKsi
md¾,sfïka;=fõ ish¿ mlaI iyNd.s;ajfhka jHjia:d iNdjla m;a lsÍu fuu
ixfidaOkfha wruqK úh' 2002 oS md¾,sfïk;=fjys iq¿;rhla njg m;a
pkaøsld l=udr;=x. wdKavjq g cúfm iydj §fï uQ,sl fldkafoaishla jQfha
fuu ixfidaOkh hs' th iïu; lrk ,oafoa yÈisfha h' úuid ne,Sug
wjYH ;rï ld,hla ;snqfKa ke;' ukao h;a ck;d úuqla;s fmruqK th
iïu; lsÍu msKsi ld, jljdkqjla § ;snq ksid h' tneúka fuu kS;s
ixfidaOkfha ÿn,;d we;s nj kS;s Y%dia;%{hska úiska fmkajd § ;sfí'

tu ÿn,;d ;sìh§;a fuu ixfidaOkh hgf;a msysgj q k ,o fldñIka iNd


y;r foaYmd,k iy wfkla we.s,s .eiSï j,ska wju fldg kS;sfha md,kh
msysgqùu msksi 2002 isg 2005 olajd Y%S ,xldfõ foaYmd,khg ilS%h
odhl;ajhla ,nd ÿkafka h' b;du jeo.;a fldñIka iNdjla jQ ue;sjrK
fldñiu msysgù q u ckdêm;sks l=udr;=x. fojrlau m%;slf a Iam lf<a h' Bg
fya;=j jqfha tys iNdm;s jYfhka jHjia:d iNdj fhdackd lrk ,o ysgmq
fYa%aIaGdêlrK úksir q ejrhd 2000 uyd ue;sjrKfha § ksoyia udOH jHdmdrh
Èh;a l< rdcH foam, wksis mßyrKh jd¾;d lsßfï fldñIka iNdfjys
iNdm;s f,i iafjÉpdfjka lghq;= lr ;sîu h'

17 jk ixfidaOkh l%sh;aul fkdlr isàug uyskao rdcmlaI wdKavj q


olajk lreKQ ;=fkka folla wj,x.= jQ tajd h' tlla kï hqoaOh hs' th
wjika h' wfkl th jHjia:dkql+, fkdjk nj hs' kuq;a th
jHjia:dkql+, njg fY%aIaGdêlrKh ;SrKhla ;sfí' b;sß fya;=j
foaYmd,k mlaI úiska fhdackd lrk mqo.
a ,hskaf.ka ieÿï ,;a jHjia:d
iNdj iajdëk fkdjk nj hs' fï jkdyS 17 jk jHjia:d ixfidaOkh ms<sn|
lefrk iyuq,skau jerÈ w¾: l:khls' tys l%shdld¾;ajh mokï jkafka
iyÔù foaYmd,k ixialD;shla u; h' w.ue;sjrhd o úmlaI kdhljrhd o
jHjia:d iNdfõ uQ,l
s fj;s' thg idudcslhska 05fofkl=u m;a lefrkafka
tu fom<f.a tlÕ;djfhks' ish¿u ks¾foaYhka i|yd iduqysl tlÕ;djh
,nd .ekSug Wmßu W;aidyh orK f,i lshd isák ixfidaOkh tfia
fkdjkafka kï wju jYfhka idudðlhska 05fofkl=f.a tlÕ;djh
w;HjYH nj ks¾foaY lrhs'
17jk jHjia:d ixfidaOkfha j.ka;s .Kkdjlskau lshefjkafka ckdêm;s
úiska ;ks leue;a;g m;a lsÍï fkdl< hq;= nj hs' ckdêm;s n,;, iSud
l< hq;= nj uyskao rdcmlaI ish Ñka;kfhka o lshd isáfha fufia h' —
úOdhl ckdêm;s OQrh wfydais flfrkakd jQ yd rfÜ fiiq m%Yka j,g o
úi÷ï ,nd fokakd jq kj wdKavql%u jHjia:djla ish,a,kaf.a iïuq;sfhka
bÈßm;a lsÍug n,dfmdfrd;a;= fjñ' tf;la ckdêm;sjrhd ks, uÜgñka
md¾,sfïka;=jg j.lshk f,iska wdKavqlu
% jHjia:djg ixfYdaOk bÈßm;a
lrkafkñ'
md¾,sfïka;=j flfrys ckdêm;sjrhd f.a we;s j.lSu iy;sl lsÍu i|yd
uilg jrla md¾,sfïka;= /iaùïj,g iyNd.s jkafkñ'˜ fï Ym: lsÍï
m%fhda.sl lsÍug wdrïNl W;aidyhlaj;a miq.sh isõ jir mqrd olakg
,enqfka ke;'

tmuKla fkdj hy md,kh Wfoid jQ iajlSh Ym: lsÍï o jHjia:dkql+,


kshuhkao mqrjeis b,a,Sï o fkd;ld md¾,sfïka;=fjys talckaofhka iïu;
jQ 17jk ixfidaOkh ckdêm;s rdcmlaI úiska m%fhda.sl jYfhka wfydais
lr ouk ,oS' wm u;l ;nd .; hq;= lreK jkafka fuu iajdëk fldñIka
iNd tajdhska jevla fkdjkq we;ehs úkdY lr oeuQ ckdêm;s rdcmlaI tu
ld¾H Ndrh imqrkq msksi fjk;a wka lsisÿ hdka;%Khla fyda l%h
s d;aul
fkdl< nj h' tys m%;sM,h jQfha Y%S ,xldj kS;sfha md,kh ke;s rgla
njg m;a ùu h"

WodyrKhla .uq' 2005 jif¾ § udkj ysñlï fldñiug flduidßiajre


f,i m;a lrkq ,enqfKa ckdêm;s rdcmlaI uy;df.a ys;j;=ka h' tu
flduidßiajrekaf.a ld,h wjika jQ 2009 ud¾;= udifha isg fï;dla kj
flduidßiajre m;a fldg o ke;' 2007 ud¾;= udifha isg Y%S ,xldfõ
udkj ysñlï fldñiu wka;¾ cd;sl jYfhka iajdëk fldñiula f,i
ie<flkafka ke;' tmuKla fkdj wo udkj ysulï fldñiu hkq iqÿ
w,sfhls' thska /flk udkj ysñlula wo ke;'

rgl tÈfkod Ôú;fha iduh iy kS;sh /lSu ndrj ;sfnkafka fmd,sia


fiajdjg h' kS;sh iy iduh /lSu msKsi fmd,sia fiajdjg iajdêk;ajh iy
w§k;ajh w;HjYH h' kuq;a miq.sh jirhkays isÿl< cku; úpdrK
.Kkdjlgu wkqj furg wxl tlg ¥Is; wdh;kh fmd,Sis hs' thy s;=
u;fha ñkS urhs' fmd,sia fiajdj ;rï n,fha isák foaYmd,k{hska wksis
f,i fhdod .kakd iy n,mEï j,g hg;a lrkakd jQ fjk;a rdcH
wdh;khla ke;s ;rï h' iajdëk fmd,sia fldñiu È.gu meje;sfha kï
fmd,sia fiajh ks¾foaYmd,kSh lsÍu fkdkj;ajd lr f.k hdug ;snqKs'

kdu,a rdcmlaI ckdêm;sf.a jeäuy,a mq;%hd h' Tyq kS;s úoHd,fha fojk
jir úNd.hg .sh wjia:dfjys kS;s úoHd,fha úÿy,am;s úiska nq,;a
yqre,a,la § ms<sf.k fjku ldurhla ,nd § úÿy,am;sjrhdu úiska ms<s;=re
,sùu wëlaIkh l< nj mqj;am;a jd¾;d lf<ah' th jerÈ mqjf;lehs kS;s
úÿyf,a úÿy,am;s lSfõ ke;' kS;s úÿy,am;sf.a wjkS;sl l%shdj j;auka Y%S
,xldfõ rdcH md,kh ms<sn| ixfla;hla jekak' m%dfoaYsh f,alïjre
ux;%Sjre bÈßfhys folg kefu;s' Èid f,alïjre weue;sjre bÈßfhys folg
kefu;s' l,lg fmr wNsudj;a fiajhla jQ rdcH mßmd,k fiajh wo
foaYmd,k .e;s fiajhl ;;a;ajhg m;alr ;sfí' iajdëk rdcH mßmd,k
fldñiula wjYH jqfha fuu lK.dgqodhl ;;a;ajfhka rdcH fiajh uqod
.kq msksi h'

wo Y%S ,xldfjys foaYmd,k{fhda iEu fohlgu we.s,s .i;s' Tõka


fkdlrk tlu foh kï Tjqkg mejeÍ we;s jHjia;d" kS;s iy ms<sfj;a
iïmdofha Ndrÿr f,i fh§u h' fuu ;;a;ajh fjkia fldg kS;s .rel
hy md,khla we;s Y%S ,xldjla f.dv ke.Su wo wm ish¿ fokdf.a
wfmalaIdj fukau wm ish¿ fokdf.a wNsfhda.h o fõ' ckdêm;s wfmalaIl
fmdkafiald jHjia:dfõ 17jk ixfidaOkh l%shdjg ke.Sug fmdfrdkaÿ fohs'
ckdêm;s wfmalaIl rdcmlaI 17 jk ixfidaOkh ms<s.kafka ke;' tfia kï
Tyq hy md,kh we;s lsÍug .kq ,nk njg Ym: lrk fjk;a l%shd
ms<sfj;la fj;a o@