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INVESTIGATING THE QUADRATIC FUNCTION

1. Sketch the graphs of:

a)
y =x2
b)
y = x 2 +3
c)
y =x 2 −2

What do you conclude?

2. Consider the graphs of:

a)
y =x2
b)
y = ( x − 2)2
c)
y = ( x + 3)2

What do you conclude?

3. Where would you expect the vertex on the graph of to be? Explain
y = ( x − 4) + 5
2

why.

4. a. Express in the form .


x − 10x + 25 ( x −h)
2 2

b. Express in the form


x − 10x + 32 ( x −h)
2 2
+g
c. Repeat this procedure with some examples of your own.
d. Describe a method of writing the quadratic expression in the form
x + bx + c
2

.
(x − h )2 + g
5. Describe the shape and position of the graph . Provide an
y = (x − h ) 2 + g
explanation for this.

6. Do your findings apply to the graphs of other type of functions? Can you
generalize?