You are on page 1of 8

# "CIRCBASE" --- STEEL COLUMN CIRCULAR BASE PLATE ANALYSIS

Program Description:
"CIRCBASE" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of analysis of steel column base
plates. Specifically, pipe columns base plates may be subjected to axial loads (compression only), with or
without column bending, plus shear. Base plate bearing pressure is checked as well as bolt tension, if
applicable. If shear is present, bolt shear as well as interaction of bolt tension and shear, if applicable, are
calculated. Finally, a propoesed base plate thickness is is checked.
This program is a workbook consisting of two (2) worksheets, described as follows:
Worksheet Name Description
Doc This documentation sheet
Complete method Circular base plate analysis
Program Assumptions and Limitations:
1. This program follows the procedures and guidelines of "Design of Monopole Bases", by Daniel Horn, P.E.
2. This program follows the procedures and guidelines of the AISC 9th Edition Allowable Stress (ASD) Manual
(2nd Revision, 1995) for round hollow structural tube & column base plates subjected to flexure.
3. For steel interaction of anchor bolt tension and shear, this program follows:
Appendix D of ACI 318-02, "Building Code Requirements For Structural Concrete"
4. For concrete bearing, this program follows:
Section 10.17 of ACI 318-02, "Building Code Requirements For Structural Concrete"
5. User has option to take out some of the total shear though friction between column base and grout based
on column dead load and coefficient of friction, thus reducing amount of shear to be taken by anchor bolts.
6. Additional assumptions used in this program are as follows:
a. The column is centered on a circular base plate in both directions.
b. The column & base plate are centered on a round pedestal in both directions.
b. Axial column load, 'P' > 0 for the case with moment.
7. This program contains numerous comment boxes which contain a wide variety of information including
explanations of input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a comment box
is denoted by a red triangle in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the
desired cell to view the contents of that particular "comment box".)
8. For the addition of gusset plates to the baseplate, this program derives the baseplate moments from
"Theory of Plates and Shells", by S. Tomonshenko. (1st Edition, 1940)
a. Table 26 - Deflection & Bending Moments for a Uniformly Loaded Plate with Two Opposite Edges
Simply Supported, the Third Edge Free and the Fourth is Built In (Page 218)
GROUTED BASE PLATES
Per AISC 9th Edition Manual (ASD) and "Design of Monopole Bases" (Daniel Horn, P.E.)
based on the Complete Circular Base Plate Method
Job Name: Job No.:
Subject: Originator: Checker:
Input Data:
Column Loadings:
Axial Load, P = 11.00 kips
Axial Load, P(DL) = 0.00 kips
Shear Load, V = 3.00 kips e = 88.55 in
Moment @ Base, M = 974.00 in-kips y = 9.95 in
Design Parameters:
Mod./High seismic risk region? Yes
Is a grout pad present? Yes
yo = 2.55 in
Column Outer Dia., OD(col) = 16.000 in di = 16 in
Column wall thick, tcol = 0.500 in
Column Yield stress, Fy(col) = 35.000 ksi
Base Plate O.D., B = 25.000 in
Base Plate I.D., di = 16.000 in
Base Plate thick, t(PL) = 1.750 in
Plate Yield Stress, Fy = 36.00 ksi
Baseplate gussets present? Yes
Gusset Plate thick, tg = 0.500 in
Gusset Plate height, hg = 12.000 in
No. of Gusset Plates, Ng = 8 BC = 20 in
Concrete Strength, f 'c = 4.000 ksi B = 25 in
Coef. of Friction, = 0.55
Conc. Ped. diameter, OD(ped) = 30.00 in
ACI load factor, LF = 1.38
Anchor Bolt/Rod Data:
Total No. of Bolts, Nb = 6 bolts
Bolt Circle Dia, BC = 20.00 in
Bolt Diameter, db = 1 1/4 in
Anchor Bolt Material = F1554 (36)
Iteration:
q(start) = 86.0000 in Start value should approx. equal eccentricity
q(calc) = 83.4276 in
Delta = 2.5724 Change q(start) until Delta = 0.
Results:
Calculate the area of the outer circle:
r = 12.50 in = B/2
y = lo = 9.95 in = r-e+q
yo = 2.55 in = r-lo
A1 = 182.24 in^2 = r^2*p/2-yo*(r^2-yo^2)-r^2*asin(yo/r)
(continued)
PL bearing
area
Complete Method
GROUTED BASE PLATES
Per AISC 9th Edition Manual (ASD) and "Design of Monopole Bases" (Daniel Horn, P.E.)
based on the Complete Circular Base Plate Method
Job Name: Job No.:
Subject: Originator: Checker:
Results (continued):
Calculate the area of the inner circle
ri = 8.00 in = di/2
l = 5.45 in = ri-e+q
yc = 2.55 in = max(ri-l or -ri), or 0 if l<0
Ac = -60.50 in^2 = -ri^2*p/2+yc*(ri^2-yc^2)+ri^2*asin(yc/ri), or 0 if l<0
AT = 166.55 in^2 = A1+Ac+(n-1)*Ab+n*Ab
y1 = 6.70 in = [2*(r^2-yo^2)^1.5]/3*A1
Q1 = 14,915 in^3 = A1*(e-y1)
y1c = 4.81 in = 0 if l<0, or [-2*(ri^2-yc^2)^1.5]/(3*Ac)
Qc = -5,066 in^3 =Ac*(e-y1c), or 0 if l<0
QT = 13,833 in^3 = Q1 + Qbolt + Qc
Calculate the moments of inertia
I1 = 1,221,916 in^4
Ic = -424,371 in^4
Ibolt = 356,488 in^4
IT = 1,154,032 in^4 = I1+Ic+Ibolt
q(calc) = 83.43 in = IT/QT
Concrete Results:
Eccentricity, e = 88.55 in = ABS(M/P)
Min. Eccentricity, e(min) = 4.41 in = (B^4-di^4)/(8*B*(B^2-di^2))
Method Valid
ACI load factor, LF = 1.38
Conc bearing stress, fc(max) = 1.77 ksi = P*y/(q*AT-QT)
Factored bear stress, fc(max,f) = 2.44 ksi = LF*fc(max)
ybc = 4.88 in = BC/2-e+q(calc)
Conc bearing stress, fbc = 0.87 ksi @ bolt circle = P*ybc/(q*AT-QT)
Factored bearing stress, fbc,f = 1.53 ksi @ bolt circle = LF*fbc
Strength reduction factor, = 0.65
PL to ped edge dist, d1a = 2.50 in = [OD(ped)-di]/2
Min. bear length, d1 = 2.50 in = min[ d1a , r(col) ]
Conc bear area O.D., OD(bear) = 30.00 in = B+2*d1
Conc bear area I.D., ID(bear) = 11.00 in = di-2*d1
Baseplate bearing area, APL = 289.81 in^2 = p/4*(B^2-di^2)
Concrete bearing area, Aconc = 611.83 in^2 = p/4*[OD(bear)^2-ID(bear)^2]
(Aconc/APL) = 1.45
Allow. bear. stress, fc(allow) = 3.21 ksi = *0.85*(f 'c)*(Aconc/APL)
fc(max,f) fc(allow), O.K.
Steel Results:
beff = 8.38 in = p*B/Nb
y = 2.88 in = B/2-e+q(calc)
fpole = 0.51 ksi = P*y/[q(calc)*AT-QT]
(continued)
Steel Results (continued):
Complete Method
GROUTED BASE PLATES
Per AISC 9th Edition Manual (ASD) and "Design of Monopole Bases" (Daniel Horn, P.E.)
based on the Complete Circular Base Plate Method
Job Name: Job No.:
Subject: Originator: Checker:
Compression Side:
No. of Gusset Plates, Ng = 8.00 plates
Gusset spacing, b = 10.73 in = 2*p*([r+r(col)]/2)/Ng
Baseplate Length, L = 4.50 in = 0.5[B-OD(col)]
L/b = 0.42
L/b Mx My
x = b/2 y = L1 x = b/2 y = 0
0 0 -0.500 fc*L^2
0.333 0.0078 fc*b^2 -0.428 fc*L^2
0.5 0.0293 fc*b^2 -0.319 fc*L^2
0.667 0.0558 fc*b^2 -0.227 fc*L^2
1 0.0972 fc*b^2 -0.119 fc*L^2
1.5 0.1230 fc*b^2 -0.124 fc*b^2
2 0.1310 fc*b^2 -0.125 fc*b^2
3 0.1330 fc*b^2 -0.125 fc*b^2
0.1330 fc*b^2 -0.125 fc*b^2
Conc bearing stress, fc(max) = 1.77 ksi = P*y/(q*AT-QT)
Cx = 0.0189
Mx = 3.845 in-kips/in = Cx*fc*b^2
Cy = -0.3718
My = -13.310 in-kips/in = Cy*fc*L^2
M(max) = 13.31 in-kips
f(max) = 4.99 ksi = [6*M(max)]/t(PL)^2
f(all) = 27.00 ksi = 0.75*Fy f(max) f(all), O.K.
Tension Side:
M(max) = 38.12 in-kips = Pten*[BC-OD(col)]/2
f(max) = 8.92 ksi = 6*M*(max)/[beff*t(PL)^2]
f(all) = 27.00 ksi = 0.75*Fy f(max) f(all), O.K.
Column Wall:
Gusset spacing, b = 10.73 in = 2*p*([r+r(col)]/2)/Ng
Rcol = 8.00 in = OD(col)/2
m = 1.75 in = t(PL)
a = 2.00 in = 2*(tg+t)
Z = 0.21 = 1/[ (0.177*a*m/sqrt(Rcol*t))(m/tcol)^2+1.0]
Vg = 85.38 kips = fc*b*L
Mg = 192.11 in-kips = *fc*b*L^2
fb(pole wall) = 13.78 ksi
fb(allow) = 21.00 ksi = 0.6*Fy(col) fb(pole wall) fb(allow), O.K.
Column to Baseplate Weld:
Sweld = 201.06 in^2 =(p/4)*OD(col)^2
Weld force, fwm = 4.84 kips/in = M/Sweld
Allowable weld stress, w = 14.85 ksi = 0.7071*0.3*(70 ksi)
Req'd weld size, h = 0.326 in = fwm/w
(continued)
Steel Results (continued):
This table is taken from
Theory Of Plates And
Shells (Timoshenko)
Weld design assumes 70
ksi electrodes
Complete Method
GROUTED BASE PLATES
Per AISC 9th Edition Manual (ASD) and "Design of Monopole Bases" (Daniel Horn, P.E.)
based on the Complete Circular Base Plate Method
Job Name: Job No.:
Subject: Originator: Checker:
Gusset / Column / Baseplate Weld:
tg = 0.5 in
hg = 12 in
b1 = 6.28 in
Determine moment of inertia of gusset/baseplate section
Item b h y A A*y A*y^2 Io
1 6.28 1.75 0.88 11.00 9.62 8.42 2.81
2 0.50 12.00 7.75 6.00 46.50 360.38 72.00
Totals 13.75 17.00 56.12 368.79 74.81
Baseplate effective width, b1 = 6.28 in = p*OD(col)/Ng
Location of gusset/basepl neutral axis, ybar = 3.30 in = A*y/A
Gusset/basepl moment of inertia, I1 = 258.28 in^4 = Io+(A*y^2)-[(A*y)*ybar]
# of welds, Nw = 2.00 welds
Allowable weld stress, w = 14.85 ksi = 0.7071*0.3*(70 ksi)
Bending stress @ t.o. gusset, t = 7.77 ksi
Bending stress @ b.o. gusset, b = 2.46 ksi
Shear force @ face of baseplate, fv = 8.82 kips/in = Vg*[(b1)*t(PL)]*[ybar-*t(PL)]/I1
Horizontal weld force, fvw = 4.41 kips/in = fv/Nw
Horizontal req'd weld size, h = 0.30 in = fvw/w
Bending force on vert. weld, fbw = 1.94 k/in = t*tg/Nw
Vertical shear on weld, fsw = 3.56 k/in = Vg/(hg*Nw)
Resultant weld force, frw = 4.05 k/in = SQRT(fbw^2+fsw^2)
Req'd weld size, v = 0.27 in = frw/w
(continued)
Anchor Bolt/Rod Steel Tension and Shear (Per ACI 318-02):
Tensile strength reduction factor, = 0.75
t(PL) = 1.75 in
Weld design assumes 70
ksi electrodes
Complete Method
GROUTED BASE PLATES
Per AISC 9th Edition Manual (ASD) and "Design of Monopole Bases" (Daniel Horn, P.E.)
based on the Complete Circular Base Plate Method
Job Name: Job No.:
Subject: Originator: Checker:
Shear strength reduction factor, = 0.65
ACI load factor, LF = 1.38
A.B. Spacing, s = 10.47 in = p*BC/Nb
Max. bolt tension, Pten = Tb = N = 19.06 kips (See following page)
Max. factored bolt tension, Nu = 26.30 kips = LF*N
Bolt Shear, V(bolts) = 3.00 kips = V(total)-1/2**P(DL)
Bolt Shear, Vb = Vu = 0.69 kips/bolt = V(bolts)/Nb
Ase = 0.97 in^2
Fy(bolt) = 36.00 ksi
Fut(bolt) = 58.00 ksi
Ns = 31.61 kips/bolt = 0.75**Ase*Fut(bolt)
Vs = 13.15 kips/bolt = 0.75*0.8**0.6*Ase*Fut(bolt)
Tension interaction = 0.832 = Nu/(Ns) S.R. 1.00, O.K.!
Shear interaction = 0.042 = Vu/(Vs) S.R. 1.00, O.K.!
Interaction check = 0.885 = Nu/(Ns) + Vu/(Vs) S.R. 1.20, O.K.!
Steel anchor strength is OKAY!
* Shear strength of anchors with grout pads shall be multiplied by 0.8 ACI 318-02, Sect. D.6.1.3
* Anchor strength reduced by 75% due to seismic region ACI 318-02, Sect. D3.3.3
(continued)
Individual Anchor Bolt Forces:
Bolt # ybolt n Abt n*Abolt Qbolt Ibolt Pbolt
1 0.00 8.04 0.969 7.79 689.84 61086.71 7.08
Complete Method
GROUTED BASE PLATES
Per AISC 9th Edition Manual (ASD) and "Design of Monopole Bases" (Daniel Horn, P.E.)
based on the Complete Circular Base Plate Method
Job Name: Job No.:
Subject: Originator: Checker:
2 8.66 7.04 0.969 6.82 544.96 43537.76 -4.29
3 8.66 7.04 0.969 6.82 544.96 43537.76 -4.29
4 0.00 8.04 0.969 7.79 689.84 61086.71 7.08
5 -8.66 8.04 0.969 7.79 757.31 73619.33 19.06
6 -8.66 8.04 0.969 7.79 757.31 73619.33 19.06
Totals 44.81 3984 356,488
Max bolt tension, N = 19.06 kips
Note:
1. Tension (uplift) load = positive (+)
2. Compression (downward) load = negative (-)
3. Qbolt = n*Abolt*(e-ybolt)
4. n*Abolt = n*Abt (tension zone)
5. n*Abolt = (n-1)*Abt (compression zone)
6. Ibolt = [ n*Abt^2/(4p) + n*Abt*(e-ybolt)^2]
7. Pbolt = P*[e-ybolt-q(calc)]/(q(calc)*AT-QT)*[n*Abt]
Comments:
1. Controlling strength design load case was 1.2*[Ds+Do+AF]+1.0*E(+Z) where Mx = 1340 in-kips.
2. Controlling service load case was Ds+Do+AF+0.7*E(+Z) where Mx = 974 in-kips.
3. ACI concrete load factor used for design = (1340 in-k)/(974 in-k) = 1.376, say 1.38.
Complete Method