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Justin Wiezbiski
October 13 2014
Annotated Bibliography
Anonymous. Telephone Interview. 10 Oct 2014.
This source is my anonymous source within the United States air force nuclear
program. He has extensive knowledge on nuclear policy and the effects and influences
nuclear weapons have and possibly could have in the future. Bringing along with that is
his statistical knowledge of U.S. nuclear weapons data.
The Questions I will ask him during our interview include:
1. What are the effects of The U.S. nuclear strength on foreign policy
2. What defenses are in place against a Nuclear Strike
3. What is the power of a modern day nuclear warhead
4. What is the future influence of Nuclear weapons
This source is extremely credible because of his first hand knowledge and experience
with nuclear weapons. He has been working on and with them for over 5 years and has
access to information that is classified and top secret, hence his preference to stay
Maraven, Karen. Personal Interview. 25 Oct 2014.
For this source I have chosen to interview one of the plant administrative
managers at the Mcguire Nuclear station. She has first hand knowledge about
Nuclear energy and how it effects the economy and what benefits that this kind of
technology can have.
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The questions I will ask her during our interview are as follows:
1. What are the benefits of a Nuclear reactor over other energy sources?
2. How much power does the Plant provide?
3. Are there any risks to this power plant?
4. How much power does the plant provide to the city of charlotte?
This is a very credible and reliable source because like my first interview this
interviewee has firsthand knowledge about nuclear energy. It is also highly relevant
because it is in our immediate area, which adds another stake. The person I am
interviewing has been working at this plant for more than 12 years so I can even ask her
about long term effects of the plant.
Zimmerman, R. United States. State Department. Operation Condor. 1967. Web.
This source is a declassified government document published in 1967 about
operation Candor. A secret plan to destroy communist friendly South American
governments and replace them with democracies. This is all in contrast because the U.S.
government said publicly that they had no connection with these acts.
This is a very interesting paper because it shows the secret nature of the cold war
era. The United States did not want the Soviet Union to establish a foothold so close to
the mainland because if they did they could launch short-range nuclear weapons into the
continental United States. This shows the fear at that time and that the U.S. government
would and did sanction assassinations to make this outcome not happen.
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This source is credible because it is an official government document, declassified
in 1997. It was issued by the State department and was approved by the Secretary of state
at that time. Its content is quite shocking and will be very useful in my paper because it
shows how nuclear threat shaped government policy.
Perry, William, and Brent Scowcroft. "U.S. Nuclear Weapons Policy." Council On Foreign
Relations Press, n.d. Web. 15 Oct 2014.
My fourth source is the report filed by the independent task force #62 in 2010.
They were assigned to assess the U.S. nuclear weapons policy and how it should possibly
be changed in light of the ever-growing nuclear threat. They pull no punches and speak
candidly in this 147-page document.
I have a very positive response to this paper it gives heavy information not only
about the U.S. nuclear capabilities but also many of their rivals including, China, Russia
and Iran. These candid assessments have changed our countries foreign policies since it
has been issued because of the threat that lingers. This is intensely useful because it helps
me see that even in this modern age the effects of nuclear weapons are not just militarily
but also in foreign policy.
The authors of this document William Perry and Brent Scowcroft are both former
U.S. government officials. Perry being a former secretary of Defense and Scowcroft a
former national security advisor so they have dealt with problems of foreign policy for
many years. They know how major the effect of nuclear weapons has on foreign relations
or they would not have been hired by the U.S. government to do this assessment. It shows
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a degree of respect for them both as intelligent and capable individuals that they were
given this responsibility.
Katz, Arthur, and Sima Osdoby. "The Social and Economic Effects of Nuclear War."
Cato Policy Analysis. 9. (1982): n. page. Print.
My final source is a Journal article from 1982 detailing what would happen if the
United States if it was attacked by a nuclear strike. The article uses data from Hiroshima
and Nagasaki to predict the loss of economic power, the destruction of society and the
loss of life that would happen in that event. It also goes into if there was ever a time when
the U.S. needed to do a nuclear strike what the fall back would be upon it.
After reading this journal article I had to put in my paper at some point, the what
if factor I am going to put in my paper will greatly benefit from this information. Also it
shows the economic and social effects of a nuclear attack using data from Hiroshima and
Nagasaki which shows Nuclear influence on even those things. Finally it shows the fear
of the populace during the cold war of the threat of nuclear strike, and with that fear
comes influence over them.
The credibility of this article is shown in the accolades of its authors. Arthur Katz
is a successful author and had served on joint congressional defense hearings giving him
valuable insight. Sima Osdoby meanwhile, is a professor of Political Science at John
Hopkins University paving the way for a clear political understanding within the article.
This combination is key while also having it be within a peer reviewed journal makes it a
hugely credible source.