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RvZxq wkvg

2012
evsjv
GKv`k I v`k kwY

RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW

1.
1.1

m~Pbv
hKvb KvhKgi mdjZv wbfi Ki Gi myz cwiKbvi Dci| wkv Kvhgi Gic cwiKbvB wkvg|
wkv_x`i AvMn, ceYZv, mvg_, AwfZv I wkLb Pvwn`vi mv_ Ges mgvR, `k I AvRvwZK cwiwwZ weePbvq
iL cYxZ nq wbw` wkvg| Kx, Kb, wKfve, K, Kvi mnhvwMZvq, Kx w`q, Kv_vq, KZ mgq ai wkLe
Ges hv wkLQ Zv wKfve hvPvB Kiv ne Gme cki Di wkvg _vK| wkvi j, Dk, wkLbdj,
welqe, wkLb-kLvbv Kvhg I g~jvqb wb`kbv-GmeB wkvgi cwZcv` welq| wkvgi wb`kbvi
AvjvK cYxZ nq cvVcyK I Abvb wkLb-kLvbv mvgMx| G wkvKgK AveZb KiB hKvbv ii wkv
eevi KgKv cwiKwZ I cwiPvwjZ Ges evevwqZ nq| Avi G KviYB wkvgK wkv Kvhg evevqbi
bxj-bKkv ejv nq _vK|

1.2

wkvg cwigvRb, Dbqb I bevqb GKwU Pjgvb cwqv| G cwqvq avivevwnK cwiexYi gvag Pjgvb
wkvgi mejZv-`yejZv I DchvwMZv wbYq Kiv nq| mgqi mv_ mgvRi cwieZb NUQ, ZvQvov vb-wevb I
chywi `Z cwieZb nQ| Gmei dj wkLb Pvwn`vI cwiewZZ nQ| G Rb cqvRbxq cwigvRb I bevqbi
gvag wkvg hyMvchvMx ivLv AvekK| Avevi Ggb mgq Avm hLb cyivbv wkvg cwigvRb Ki mgqi Pvwn`v
c~iY me nq bv, ZLb bZzb wkvg cYqb KiZ nq|

2.

wkvg Dbqbi hwKZv


gvawgK I DPgvawgK ii wkvg 1995 mvj cwigvRb, bevqb I Dbqbi KvR mb nq| l I beg kwYZ
1996 wkvel _K G wkvKg evevqbi KvR i nq| DPgvawgK i 1998 wkvel _K cwigvwRZ I bevqbKZ
wkvKg evevwqZ nq AvmQ| Gici `xN mgq RvZxq I AvRvwZK cwigj mvgvwRK, mvswZK, A_bwZK I
ivRbwZK wewfb wekl Ki vb-wevb, Z_ I hvMvhvM chywi evcK cwieZb NUQ| cwieZbi mv_
mv_ wkv_x`i wkLb-Pvwn`v `Z cwiewZZ nQ| G Pvwn`vbyhvqx wkvK hyMvchvMx Kivi Rb wkvg Dbqb
Acwinvh nq co|

2.1

2.2

cPwjZ wkvgi Dci gvawgK ii wkvg g~jvqb I Pvwn`v wbicY mgxvi djvdj wkvgi AbK
`yejZv, AmwZ I mgmv wPwZ nqQ| G wkvg AwZgvvq Z I Z_ msewjZ hv wkv_xK gyL KiZ
DrmvwnZ Ki| cPwjZ wkvg Abymvb, mgmv mgvavb `Zv ARb, nvZ-Kjg KvR Ki kLvi Ges mRbkxj
I Dvebx `Zv weKvki myhvM mxwgZ| wkv_x`i bwZK I gvbweK Yvewji weKvki myhvMI Kg| cqvRbxq
welq Ges welqe hgb- Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw, Rjevqyi cwieZb I KiYxq, eqtmwKvj I cRbb ^v, Rvjvwb
wbivcv BZvw`i cwZdjb LyeB mxwgZ| ZvQvov gvZfvlv evsjv Ges AvRvwZK fvlv BsiwR wkLb-kLvbvi
kvbv, ejv, cov, jLv Gme `Zv wkLbi Rb wkvg iZ c`vb Kiv njI evevqb Gjv h_vh_ iZ
cvq wb| wkv_x`iK KggyLx Kivi wkvgi Ae`vb mvlRbK bq| bevqbKZ wkvgi Gme
mxgveZv KvwUq DVvi cPv bIqv nqQ|

2.3

RvZxq wkvbxwZ 2010 evsjv`ki wkv GKwU gvBjdjK| RvZxq wkvbxwZ 2010 Abymvi wkvi gvag
hyMvchvMx Rbkw Dbqbi Rb cqvRb wkvgi Dbqb Ges Gi h_vh_ evevqb| RvZxq wkvbxwZ 2010 Gi
evevqbi mevwaK iZc~Y c`c nQ G wkvbxwZ Abymvi wkveevi ceZb Ges Gi Rb cqvRb m
Abymvi wkvg Dbqb|

2.4

evsjv`ki icK 2021 (VISION 2012) Gi j nQ wWwRUvj evsjv`k Mo Zvjv Ges `kK gag Avqi
`k cwiYZ Kiv| wWwRUvj evsjv`k Mov Ges gag Avqi `k cwiYZ Kivi cavb Dcvq nQ wkvi gvag
h_vchy Rbkw mw Kiv| Avi wkvi gvag Zv Kivi Rb cqvRb DchvMx wkvg|

2.5

GKwesk kZvxi wkvi Rb MwVZ AvRvwZK wkv Kwgkb wicvU Learning: The Treasure Within G gvawgK
wkvK Rxeb cekvi gateway to life wnmve wPwZ Kiv nqQ| Gi A_ KgRxeb ceki cqvRbxq hvMZv
gvawgK wkvi gvag ARb| G hvMZv ARbi Rb cwZe`b wkLbi PviwU (Pillar) wPwZ Kiv nqQ|
wkLbi G mg~n nQ-RvbZ kLv (Learning to know), KiZ kLv (Learning to do) wgjwgk _vKZ kLv
(Learning to live together) Ges weKwkZ nZ kLv (Learning to be) | Gme evevqbi gvag GKwesk
kZvxi DchvMx Rbkw mwi Rb cqvRb m Abymvi wkvg cwigvRb, bevqb I Dbqb|

RvZxq wkvg 2012

3. wkvg Dbqb AbymZ gWj


DkwfwK gWj (Objective Model) Abymvi DPgvawgK kwYi RvZxq wkvKg 2012 Dbqb Kiv nqQ| GwUK
djwfwK gWjI (Product Model) ejv hvq| G gWj Abymvi wkvi j I mvaviY Dk wbaviY Ki Dk ARb
DchvMx welq I welqwfwK Dk wbaviY Kiv nqQ| welqwfwK Dk ARbi Rb iwfwK cvwK wkLbdj
wbaviY Kiv nq| cvwK wkLbdjK kwYwfwK wkLbdj wefvRb Kiv nqQ| kwYwfwK wkLbdjK eywexq,
AveMxq I gbvcwkR- G wZb fvM wefvRb Kiv nqQ| kwYwfwK wkLbdjK wfw Ki kwY DchvMx welqe,
wkLb-kLvbv Kvhg I g~jvqb Kkjmn hveZxq wkv Kvhg wbaviY Kiv nq|
4. wkvg Dbqb AbymZ cwqv
mKvwi GWyKkb mi WfjcgU cR (SESDP) Gi KvwiMwi I Avw_K mnvqZvq Ges RvZxq wkvg I
cvVcyK evWi mvweK Zveavb GmBGmwWwc Gi wkvg wekle`, GbwmwUwe-Gi wkvg kvLvi KgKZve`
Ges wbevwPZ RvZxq chvqi wkvg wekl, welq wekl, wkvwe`, wkK wkvq wekl I Awf kwYwkKi
mg^q MwVZ wewfb KwgwU wkvg Dbqb Kib| wkvg Dbqb cwqvi wewfb chvq mvw`Z KvRi msw
weeiY Dcvcb Kiv njv:
cevn wP RvZxq wkvg Dbqb cwqv

wkv cwZvb

wkK

wkv ckvmK,
wkvwe`, eywRxex

Aev weklY I Pvwn`v wbicY

mgvR, iv I
AvRvwZK Pvwn`v

ivxq g~jbxwZ
RvZxq wkvbxwZ
2010

wkv_x
wkvgi iciLv cYqb

welqwfwK wkvg cYqb

wkvgi mg^qmvab
I mvweK ic`vb

RvZxq wkvg mg^q KwgwU KZK


RvZxq wkvg 2012 Abygv`b

RvZxq wkvg 2012

cPwjZ wkvg

Aev weklY
4.1.1 gvawgK ii cPwjZ wkvg chvjvPbv
GmBGmwWwci wkvg wekle` 2008 mvj gvawgK ii (l-v`k kwY) wkvg chvjvPbv Kib|
hwK chvjvPbvi gvag wkvgi mej I `yej w`K Ges wkv_x`i wkLb Pvwn`v c~iY wkvgi DchvwMZv
hvPvB Kiv nq| GB chvjvPbvi djvdj bZzb wkvg Dbqb weePbvq ivLv nq|
4.1

4.1.2 cPwjZ wkvgi g~jvqb


GmBGmwWwci wkvg weklMY gvawgK ii wkvg g~jvqb I Pvwn`v wbicY mgxv 2010 kxlK GKwU
MelYv cwiPvjbv Kib| G mgxvi gvag wkvgi mej I `yej w`K, evevqbi cwZeKZv I cwigvRbi
mg~n wPwZ Ges wkv_x`i wkLb-Pvwn`v wbicY Kiv nq|
4.1.3 RvZxq wkvbxwZ 2010
RvZxq wkvbxwZ 2010 gvawgK wkv mwKZ avivmg~n chvjvPbv Ki bZzb wkvg Dbqbi wfZ Zwi Kiv nq|
RvZxq wkvbxwZi wfwZB cPwjZ mKj avivi (mvaviY, gv`vmv, BsiwR) wkvK wbw` chvq ch mgw^Z I GKgyLx
wkvgi AvIZvq Afy Kivi c`c bIqv nq| G eevq me aibi wkv cwZvb c_g _K Ag kwY ch
GKB wkvg Abymvi wkv Kvhg cwiPvwjZ ne|
4.1.4 AvRvwZK chvqi wkvg chvjvPbv
mgmvgwqK weki wbevwPZ KqKwU `ki- fviZ, kxjv, gvjqwkqv, wmvcyi, Awjqv (AivR), hyivR
(AivR) Ges KvbvWvi (AivR) wkvg chvjvPbv Kiv nq| Gme `ki wkveevi wekl Ki wkvgi
wekl w`Kmg~n chvjvPbv Ki evsjv`ki cwiwwZZ G`i DchvwMZv hvPvB Kiv nq|
4.1.5 cvmwK cwZe`b, ce I gZvgZ chvjvPbv
`k-we`k cKvwkZ wkv I wkvg welqK cwZe`b, ce I gZvgZ chvjvPbv Kiv nq| Gjvi ga
DjLhvM KqKwU nQ-GKwesk kZvxi wkv mwKZ AvRvwZK wkv Kwgkbi cwZe`b UNESCO (1996)
Learning: The Treasure Within; ONeill, Geraldine (2010) Programme Design: Overview of Curriculum
Models; Marsh, C.J (1997) Perspective Key Concepts for Understanding Curriculum; Sheehan, John (1986)
Curriculum Models: Product versus Process, Smith, P.L (1993) Instructional Design, Macmillan; RvZxq

wkvg I cvVcyK evW cwiPvwjZ (2012) wbggvawgK, gvawgK I DPgvawgK chvqi wkvg, wkK cwkY
wkvg I cvVcyK Rvi mse`bkxjZv chvjvPbv kxlK cwZe`b (2012), Rjevq~ cwieZb I `yhvM
eevcbv, ZvgvK wbqY, UNICEF (2009) cwiPvwjZ Rxeb `ZvwfwK wkv|
ZvQvov evsjv`ki wewfb cK, miKvwi I emiKvwi cwZvb Ges msv wkvg Afywi Rb 31wU cwZe`b
Rgv `q| Gme cwZe`b chvjvPbv Ki mswk welq cqvRbxq cvmwK welqe mshvRbi eev bIqv nq|
31wU cwZe`bi ga DjLhvM KqKwU nQ- Rjevqy cwieZb, Z_ cvwi AwaKvi, Lv`-cyw, cRbb ^v,
GBPAvBwf-GBWm, wekl Pvwn`vmb wk, Rxeb `ZvwfwK wkvKg BZvw`|
4.2

wkvgi iciLv cYqb


Aevi weklY _K j AwfZv I djvdji wfwZ GmBGmwWwci wkvg wekle` RvZxq civgkKi wb`kbvq
wkvg Dbqbi bxwZgvjv Ges wewfb chvqi wkv Kvhg mgvKvix`i wkvq AMmiY cevn wP wbaviY Kib| Gmei
Dci wfw Ki wkvgi iciLv cYqb Kiv nq|

4.2.1 wkvg Dbqbi bxwZgvjv


gnvb fvlv Av`vjb I gywhyi PZbv Ges Amvc`vwqK g~jevai wfwZ `kcg weKvki myhvM mw
bwZKZv I gvbweK g~jeva weKvki Dci iZ c`vb
Abymwrmv, mRbkxj I Dvebx gZv ewi myhvM c`vb
wevbgb I KggyLx Kivi Dci iZ Avivc
AvaywbK chyw eenvii hvMZv ARbi myhvM mw
ZvwK vbi mv_ evegyLx I cqvMgyLx wkvi myhvM ew
Rxeb`Zv ARbi myhvM mw
me aibi elg Aemvbi j gvbevwaKvii Dci iZ c`vb
wekvqbi Pvwn`v Abymvi gvbem` mwi Dci iZ c`vb

RvZxq wkvg 2012

4.2.2 wkv Kvhg mgvKvix`i AMmiY cevn wP

gvawgK wkv
beg _K v`k kwY
(mvaviY, gv`vmv)

KvwiMwi wkv
DPZi `Zvi
ewg~jK wkv

gagvbi `Zvi
Kg

KgRxeb

DPwkv (mvaviY, gv`vmv, ckvMZ)

DPZi `Zvi
Kg

cek `Zvi Kg

ewg~jK wkv

cv_wgK/GeZ`vwq wkv
(c_g _K Ag kwY)
cvK-cv_wgK wkv

RvZxq wkvbxwZ 2010 Gi wfwZ AwZ AMmiY cevn wPvbymvi 8eQi gqvw` evaZvg~jK I AeZwbK cv_wgK
wkv kl Ki gav I ceYZvi wfwZ wkv_x`i GKwU Ask Pvi eQi gqvw` gvawgK wkvq Ges Ab AskwU
ewg~jK wkvq cek Kie| gvawgK wkv kl Zviv DP wkvq hve| Ze gvawgK chvqi c_g `yeQi kl
KD KD KvwiMwi wkvq hve| ewg~jK wkv mgvKvix`i GKwU Ask cek `Zvi KgRxeb cek Kie,
Abiv DPZi `Zvi ewg~jK wkv MnY Kie| GB wkv kl wKQz msLK wkv_x KvwiMwi wkvq hve Ges
Abiv gagvbi `Zvi KgRxeb cek Kie| KvwiMwi wkv kl KD KD DPwkvq (ckvMZ) hve, KDev
gagvbi `Zvi KgRxeb cek Kie| DPwkv kl DPZi `Zvi KgRxeb cek Kie| Gfve wewfb vb
I `Zv wbq Zviv KgRxeb i Kie|
4.2.3 wkvg Dbqbi wbavwiZ bxwZgvjv I wkv Kvhg mgvKvix`i wkvq AMmiY wPK mwq weePbvq iL
wkvgi Lmov iciLv cYqb Kiv nq| Lmov iciLvwU wkvg weklMYi ek KqwU AfixY mfvq
chvjvPbv I cwigvRb Kiv nq| Gfve cwigvwRZ wkvKg iciLvwU RvZxq chvqi 2wU mwgbvi Dcvcb I
chvjvPbv Kiv nq| Gme mwgbvi RvZxq chvqi wkvg wekl, welq wekl, wkvwe`, wkK-wkvq
wekl, wkv ckvmK, kwYwkK AskMnY Kib| G mwgbvi evsjv`k RvZxq msm`i KqKRb gvbbxq mvsm`
I RvZxq chvqi ek KqKRb bZe` AskMnY Ki gZvgZ c`vb Kib| mwgbvi _K cv mycvwik weePbvq
iL wkvKg iciLvwU cwigvRb Kiv nq| cwigvwRZ iciLvwU RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW Ges RvZxq
wkvg mg^q KwgwU KZK Abygvw`Z nq|
4.2.4 wkvgi iciLvq Afy welqmg~n nQ wkvi j I mvaviY Dk, iwfwK wbevwPZ welq, welqwfwK
b^i eb I mvvwnK wcwiqW msLv, wkveli Kgw`em, wcwiqWi evw, RvZxq w`emmg~n KiYxq BZvw`|

RvZxq wkvg 2012

4.3

welqwfwK wkvg Dbqb


wkvgi iciLvi wfwZ cwZwU welqi wkvg Dbqbi Rb RvZxq chvqi wkv wekl, welq wekl,
Awf kwYwkK I GbwmwUweZ KgiZ weklMYi mg^q cwZwU welqi Rb 5 _K 8 m`m wewk GKwU Ki
KwgwU wkv gYvjq KZK MVb Kiv nq| cwZwU welq KwgwUZ mg^qKvix wnmve `vwqZ cvjb Kib GmBGmwWwci
GKRb wkvg wekl|

4.3.1 welqwfwK wkvg Dbqb KwgwUmg~nK wkvg Dbqb welq wbweo cwkY `Iqv nq| cwkYi cavb wZbwU
nQ (K) wkvgi iciLv cwiwPwZ I wkvg Dbqbi bxwZgvjv (L) wkvg Dbqb cwqv Ges wkvg Dbqbi
wbavwiZ QK I Gi eenvi (M) QKwfwK nvZ Kjg bgybv wkvg Dbqb Ges chvjvPbv|
4.3.2 cwkY cviwiK Avjvc-AvjvPbvi gvag welqwfwK wkvg Dbqb wbgwjwLZ mvcvb AbymiYi wmv
bIqv nq:
(K) f~wgKv (welqi msw cwiPq) (L) Dk (mvaviY Dkvewji AvjvK welqi Dkvewj) (M) cvwK
wkLbdj (welqwfwK Dkvewj ARb DchvMx wbavwiZ i kl ARbhvM wkLbdj|) QK 1 G cvwK
wkLbdji kwYwfwK wefvRb Ges QK 2 G kwYwfwK wkLbdj, Aavq I wcwiqW msLv, AavqwfwK welqe,
wkLb-kLvbv wb`kbv, g~jvqb wb`kbv I cvVcyK cYqb wb`kbv| hnZz beg - v`k kwY I GKv`k-v`k
kwY AweQ` kwY, mnZz G `ywU chvqi wkvg Dbqb QK-1 G kwYwfwK wkLbdj wefvRbi cqvRb nq
wb|
4.3.3 cwZwU welqwfwK KwgwU w`bevcx wbavwiZ msLK mfvq wgwjZ nq wbavwiZ QK wkvgi Lmov cYqb Kib|
Gici GKB aibi welqQi welqwfwK KwgwUmg~n I wkvg civgkKi h_ mfvq Lmov wkvg Dcvcb
I chvjvPbv Kiv nq| welq KwgwU m Abymvi wkvg cwigvRb Kib|
4.3.4 GKB aibi welqmg~n wbq PviwU `j MVb Ki cwZwU `ji AvevwmK Kgkvjv AbywZ nq| welq KwgwUi m`me`,
mswk fwUs KwgwU I mv`bv KwgwUi m`me`, wkv gYvjq KZK MwVZ wkvg Dbqb welqK UKwbKvj
KwgwUi m`me` G Kgkvjvq AskMnY Kib| G Kgkvjvq welqwfwK wkvg Dcvcb I chvjvPbv Kiv nq|
chvjvPbvi AvjvK mswk KwgwU wkvgi cqvRbxq cwigvRb Kib|
4.3.5 cieZxZ mKj wkvgi Rb GKwU mvaviY Ask (Generic Part) Zwi Kiv nq| G AskwU c~e cZKZ wkvgi
iciLv I welqwfwK wkvgmg~ni mv_ mg^q Ki c~Yv ic`vb Kiv nq|
4.3.6 Gici cYxZ wkvg wefvMxq Kgkvjvq Dcvcb I chvjvPbv Kiv nq| Kgkvjvq welq-wkKMY `jMZfve ^ ^
welqi wkvg wbweofve chvjvPbv Ki mywbw` mycvwik ivLb| Kgkvjvi G mycvwiki AvjvK welq KwgwU
wkvg cwigvRb Ki mvweK ic`vb Kib|
4.3.7 wkvgwU UKwbKvj I fwUs KwgwU KZK cwigvRbi ci wkv gYvjq KZK MwVZ cdkbvj KwgwU I RvZxq
wkvg I cvVcyK evW KZK Abygvw`Z nq| mekl RvZxq wkvg mg^q KwgwU KZK Abygv`b jvfi ci
wkvgwU RvZxq wkvg 2012 wnmve MnxZ nq|

RvZxq wkvg 2012

4.4

1.

wkvg Dbqb wewfb chvqi Kvhg


chvq
Kvhg
Aevi weklY
1.1 gvawgK ii cPwjZ wkvg
chvjvPbv
1.2 gvawgK ii wkvg g~jvqb I
Pvwn`v wbicY mgxv 2010 cwiPvjbv
1.3 Dbqbkxj I DbZ KqKwU `ki
wkvg chvjvPbv

2. wkvgi
iciLv cYqb

1.1
1.2
1.3

1.4

cvmwK cwZe`b, ce I gZvgZ


chvjvPbv

1.4

GmBGmwWwc I GbwmwUwei
wkvg wekle`

2.1

wkvg Dbqbi bxwZgvjv wbaviY

2.1

2.2

wkv Kvhg mgvKvix`i AMmiY


cevn wP cYqb

2.2

2.3

wkvgi iciLv cYqb

2.3.1

wkvg civgkKi wb`kbvq


GmBGmwWwci, GbwmwUwe wkvg
wekle`
wkvg civgkKi wb`kbvq
GmBGmwWwci, GbwmwUwe wkvg
wekle`
wkvg civgkKi wb`kbvq
GmBGmwWwci wkvg
wekle`
RvZxq mwgbvi `ywUZ
AskMnYKvixe`
wkvg civgkK I UKwbKvj
KwgwU
wkv wekl, welq wekl,
Awf kwYwkK, GbwmwUwe I
GmBGmwWwci weklMYi
mg^q MwVZ welqwfwK wkvg
Dbqb KwgwU
wefvMxq Kgkvjvq AskMnYKvix
welqwfwK wkK I
GmBGmwWwci wkvg
wekle`
UKwbKvj KwgwU I fwUs KwgwU
wkvg civgkK I GmBGmwWwci
wkvg wekle`
UKwbKvj KwgwU I fwUs KwgwU
cdkbvj KwgwU I GbwmwUwe
RvZxq wkvg mg^q KwgwU

2.3.2
3. welqwfwK
wkvg Dbqb

3.1. wkvg Dbqbi Dci wbweo cwkY


c`vb
3.2. welqwfwK wkvg Dbqb

3.1.
3.2.1

3.2.2

4.

wkvgi
mg^q mvab I
Abygv`b

4.1.

wkvgi mvgwMKfve chvR Ask


Zwi I mKj Aski mg^q RvZxq
wkvg 2012 ic`vb

4.2. RvZxq wkvg 2012 P~ov Abygv`b

RvZxq wkvg 2012

Dbqb/cYqbKvixe`
GmBGmwWwc I GbwmwUwei
wkvg wekle`
GmBGmwWwci wkvg
wekle`
GmBGmwWwci wkvg
wekle`

3.2.3
4.1.1
4.1.2
4.1.3
4.2

5.

5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
5.10
5.11
5.12
5.13
5.14
5.15
5.16
5.17
5.18
5.19
5.20
5.21
5.22

6.
6.1

6.2

RvZxq wkvg 2012 Gi ewk

mvaviY, gv`vmv I BsiwR wkvavivmn mKj avivi wkvi Rb Ag kwY ch GKgyLx I Awfb wkvg cYqb|
Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw, Kg I RxebgyLx wkv Ges Kvwiqvi wkv mshvRbi cvkvcvwk cPwjZ mvgvwRK wevb welqi cwieZ evsjv`k
I wekcwiPq welq mshvRb|
Rjevqy cwieZb, cRbb ^v, Z_ AwaKvi, AwURg BZvw` welqe mshvRb|
6 _K 10g kwYZ HwQK welq wnmve z` bMvxi fvlv I mswZ welq mshvRb|
hyMi Pvwn`vbymvi mKj ii cPwjZ welqvw`i welqe AvaywbKvqb Ges GKv`k-v`k kwYZ HwQK welq wnmve UzwiRg G
nmwcUvwjwU bZzb welq mshvRb|
ag wkvmn mKj welq bwZK wkvi Dci iZ c`vb|
fvlv Av`vjb I gywhyi PZbv Ges Amvc`vwqK PZbv weKvki gvag `kvZeva I RvZxq HK weKvki Dci iZ c`vb| `kvZeva
weKvki gvag AvRvwZKZveva mwi cqvm|
wevbgb, hywev`x, KggyLx I ` Rbkw mwi Dci iZ Avivc|
gvZfvlv evsjv Ges AvRvwZK fvlv BsiwR wkvq welqe gyL Kivi cwieZ kvbv, ejv, cov I jLv G PviwU `Zv kwYK
Abykxjbi gvag kLvi myhvM mw Ges AwRZ `Zv g~jvqbi cwZ ceZb|
wkLb-kLvbv Kkji gvag wkv_x`iK mRbkxj Kiv A_vr weklYg~jK, wPv DxcK I mRbkxj ckvi I KvR
Abykxjbi gvag mRbkxj I Dvebx gZvi weKvki myhvM c`vb|
hme welq eenvwiK KvR AvQ hgb- wevb, c`v_wevb, imvqb, Rxewevb, Kwlwkv, Mvnwevb, kvixwiK wkv I ^v,
Kg I RxebgyLx wkv, Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw, Pvi I KviKjv welqi ZvwK I eenvwiK Aski ga mg^q mvab Ges
wkvK Rxeb I evegyLx Kivi cqvm| A_vr cwZwU Z, m~ I bxwZ wkvi mv_ mv_ eenvwiK Kivi myhvM c`vb|
nvZ Kjg Ki kLv I `jMZ AvjvPbv Ki kLvi Dci iZ c`vb|
kwY Kvhg chywi eenvi ew|
wkvK Rxeb I evegyLx Kivi cqvm Ges `kxq cvcU Dbqbg Rbkw mwi Dci iZ c`vb|
Aavq _K Kx Kx vb, `Zv, g~jeva I `wfw ARb Kie Zv eywewK, gbvcwkR I AveMxq wkLbdj wnmve cwZwU
Aavqi iZ mshvRb|
wkvi gvag mecKvi elg `~i Ki mgZv weavbi myhvM mw| wj, ag, eY, RvwZ, ckvMZ I A_bwZK elg `~i Kivi
j GKxf~Z wkvq iZ c`vb|
wekvqbi Pvwn`v Abymvi gvbem` mwi cqvm|
cwZ wcwiqWi evw ew, AavqwfwK wcwiqW wbaviY, wkvel Kgw`emi msLv ew|
RvZxq w`emmg~n zj Lvjv iL w`em D`hvcbi eev ceZb|
avivevwnK g~jvqbi (MVbKvjxb g~jvqb) gvag wkLb `yejZv wPwZ Ki wbivgqg~jK mevi gvag wkLb wbwZKiY|
cPwjZ eenvwiK cixvi msvi mvabi gvag AwZwi bi c`vbi myhvM e Kiv|
mvgwK g~jvqb/mvgwqK cixv I cvewjK cixv cwZi msvi|

wkvg iciLv
l-v`k kwYi wkvi j I Dk

j
wkv_xi mvweK weKvki gvag gvbweK, mvgvwRK I bwZK Ymb vbx, `, hywev`x I mRbkxj `kcwgK Rbm`
mw|
Dk
6.2.1
6.2.2
6.2.3
6.2.4

6.2.5
6.2.6
6.2.7
6.2.8

wkv_xi my cwZfv I mvebv weKvki gvag mRbkxjZv, Kbv I Abymwrmv ewZ mnvqZv Kiv|
wkv_xi ga gvbweK Yvewj, hgb- bwZK g~jeva, mZZv, Aaemvq, mwnyZv, kLjv, AvZwekvm, m`vPvi, Abi
cwZ kveva, bv`wbKZveva, mnv`c~Y mK I bvqwePvieva my`pfve Mw_Z Kiv|
gnvb fvlv Av`vjb, gywhyi PZbv I Amvc`vwqK g~jevai AvjvK wkv_xi ga `kcg, RvZxqZveva I
MYZvwK g~jeva RvMZ Kiv Ges mvebvgq bvMwiK wnmve eo DVZ mnvqZv Kiv|
wkv_xi ga evsjv`k mK mymsnZ vbi wfZ iPbv Z_v Gi BwZnvm, HwZn, mswZ, Av_-mvgvwRK I
MYZvwK ivRbwZKPPvi cwZ AvMn I hvMZv mwi gvag ewkK cvcU `ki cMwZ I Dbqb Ae`vb ivLZ
mg Ki Mo Zvjv|
kgi ghv`v, KvRi Afvm I KvR KiZ AvMnx nIqvi cwZ BwZevPK gbvfve weKwkZ Kiv hvZ wkv_x ewMZ
Ges `jMZ Dfq aibi KvR mv`b bwZKZv I `vwqZkxjZvi cwiPq w`Z cvi|
mKj KvhKi hvMvhvM ivq wkv_xi cwgZ evsjv fvlvi `Zv my`p I mymsnZ Kiv Ges wbqwgZ cvVvfvm
Mo Zvjv|
evsjv mvwnZi AwbwnZ bv`wbK m`h, kLjv Ges mL DcfvM I D`NvUb wkv_xi hvMZv weKwkZ Kiv|
AvaywbK Kg, DPwkvmn mKj KvhKi hvMvhvMi cqvRb BsiwR fvlvi gwjK `Zvmg~n ARbi
gvag wkv_xK hvM Ki Mo Zvjv|

RvZxq wkvg 2012

6.2.9

wkv_xK MvwYwZK hyw, cwZ I `Zvi mv_ cwiwPZ Kivbv Ges RxebNwb I weki cvwicvwkK mgmv mgvavbi
Rb MwYZi cvqvwMK `Zv weKwkZ Kiv|

6.2.10 wkv_xK chywi cwZ AvMnx Ki Zvjv Ges Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw eenvi AvZwekvmx, Drcv`bkxj Ges
mRbkxj wnmve Zwi Kiv|
6.2.11 wkv_x hvZ Rxebgvb Dbqbi Rb RxebNwb wewfb mgmv Abymvb I mgvavb evwbK cwqv I cwZ cqvM
KiZ cvi m j evwbK `wfw I hvMZv ARb mnvqZv Kiv|
6.2.12 `k Ges ewnweki cvKwZK I mvgvwRK cwiek Ges Rjevqyi cwieZbi Dci iZvivc Ki cwiekMZ Dcv`vb
mK wkv_x`i cwiwPZ Kiv| GKB mv_ mswk mKji KjvYi Rb H mKj Dcv`vbK wbqY I eenvi Kivi
hvMZv ARb mnvqZv Kiv|
6.2.13 Lv` I cyw, kvixwiK mgZv, ivM-evwa, cRbb ^v Ges ewMZ wbivcv BZvw`i Dci iZvivc Ki
wkv_xK ^vmZ Rxebhvcbi cqvRbxq vb, Rxeb`Zv I `wfw ARb mnvqZv Kiv|
6.2.14 wkv_xi gb wbR wbR agxq wekvm I g~jeva RvMZ Kivi cvkvcvwk Ab ag I agvej^x`i cwZ kvkxj nZ
mnvqZv Kiv|
6.2.15 wkv_xi ga evOvwj Ges z` RvwZ-Mvxi bvix-cyil, eY, Mv, fvlv, mswZ, wewfb kwY I ckvi gvbyli cwZ
vZZ I kveva mw Kiv|
6.2.16 wkv_xi `wnK I gvbwmK weKvki j mnwkvwgK Kvhvewj- Ljvayjv, kixiPPv, mvswZK KgKv, Pvi I KviKjv
Abykxjbi wbqwgZ Afvm Mo Zvjv|
6.2.17 Rxebevcx wkvq AvMnx I hvM Kivi Rb wkv_xi ewMZ I mvgvwRK Rxeb, AvaywbK Kg Ges ^-Kgmsvbi
Rb cqvRbxq vb, `Zv I `wfw my`p Kiv|
6.2.18 mnhvwMZvg~jK KvR Kivi gvag wkv_xi bZZ, mnhvwMZv I hvMvhvM `Zv weKvk mg Kiv|
6.2

welq KvVvgv
l, mg I Ag kwYi welq KvVvgv, b^i I mgq eb
mKj avivi AvewkK welq
(mvaviY wkv, gv`vmv wkv I BsiwR wkv aviv)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

cixvi
b^i

evsjv
BsiwR
MwYZ
evsjv`k I wekcwiPq
wevb
Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw
gvU

7.

8.
9.
10.

11.

mvaviY wkv avivi AvewkK welq


ag I bwZK wkv:
Bmjvg I bwZK wkv/ wn`yag I bwZK wkv/ wLag I bwZK wkv
/eag I bwZK wkv
kvixwiK wkv I ^v
Kg I RxebgyLx wkv
Pvi I KviKjv
gvU
mvaviY avivi HwQK welq (GKwU bIqv hve)
z` bMvxi fvlv I mswZ/Kwlwkv/Mvnwevb/Aviwe/msZ/cvwj
megvU

150
150
100
100
100
50
650

mgqeb
(Kvm wcwiqW)
mvvwnK mvgwqK
5
87
5
87
4
70
3
53
4
70
2
35
23
402

100

53

106

50
50
50
250

2
2
2
9

35
35
35
158

70
70
70
316

100
1000

2
34

35
595

70
1190

`e:

c_g wcwiqWi evw 60wgwbU I Abvb wcwiqWi evw 50wgwbU|

kwbevi _K eyaevi cwZw`b 6wcwiqW Ges enwZevi 4wcwiqW|

`wbK cviwK mgvek (Assembly) Gi gqv` 15wgwbU Ges 3q wcwiqW ci gav weiwZi evw 45wgwbU|

`yB wkdU cwiPvwjZ cwZvb me 5wgwbU Ki mgq Kg ne Ges gav weiwZi evw 25wgwbU|

RvZxq wkvg 2012

evwlK
174
174
140
106
140
70
804

6.3 mvaviY wkv avivi beg I `kg kwYi welq-KvVvgv, b^i I mgq eb
welqi aib
welq
cixvi
b^i

AvewkK

1. evsjv
2. BsiwR
3. MwYZ
4. ag I bwZK wkv
(Bmjvg I bwZK wkv/ wn`yag I bwZK wkv/
wLag I bwZK wkv / eag I bwZK wkv)
5. Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw
6. Kvwiqvi wkv
7. kvixwiK wkv, ^vwevb I Ljvayjv

gvU
kvLvwfwK welq
wevb kvLvi 8. c`v_wevb
Rb AvewkK 9. imvqb
welq
10.Rxewevb/DPZi MwYZ
11.evsjv`k I wekcwiPq
wevb kvLvi 12.Rxewevb/DPZi MwYZ/ z` bMvxi fvlv I
HwQK welq
mswZ/Kwlwkv/Mvnwevb/f~Mvj I cwiek/Pvi I
(GKwU bIqv
KviKjv/msMxZ/ewmK UW/kvixwiK wkv I xov*
hve)
megvU
eemvq wkv 8. eemvq D`vM
kvLvi Rb
9. wnmvewevb
AvewkK welq 10.wdbv I evswKs
11.wevb
eemvq wkv 12.f~Mvj I cwiek/ evsjv`k I wekcwiPq/
kvLvi HwQK
Kwlwkv/Mvnwevb/ z` bMvxi fvlv I
welq
mswZ/Pvi I KviKjv/ msMxZ/ewmK UW
(GKwU bIqv
megvU
hve)
gvbweK kvLvi 8. evsjv`ki BwZnvm I wekmfZv
Rb AvewkK 9. f~Mvj I cwiek
welq
10. A_bxwZ/cibxwZ I bvMwiKZv
11. wevb
gvbweK kvLvi 12.A_bxwZ/cibxwZ I bvMwiKZv/Pvi I
HwQK welq
KviKjv/Kwlwkv /Mvnwevb/z` bMvxi fvlv I
(GKwU bqv
mswZ/ Aviwe/msZ/cvwj/ msMxZ/ewmK UW
hve)
/kvixwiK wkv I xov*
megvU

200
200
100
100

mgqeb
(Kvm wcwiqW)
mvvwnK mvgwqK
5
80
5
80
4
64
2
32

evwlK
160
160
128
64

50
50
100
800

2
1
2
21

32
16
32
336

64
32
64
672

100
100
100
100
100

3
3
3
3
3

54
54
54
54
54

108
108
108
108
108

1300
100
100
100
100
100

36
3
3
3
3
3

606
54
54
54
54
54

1212
108
108
108
108
108

1300
100
100
100
100
100

36
3
3
3
3
3

606
54
54
54
54
54

1212
108
108
108
108
108

1300

36

606

1212

`e:
wevb, gvbweK I eemvq wkv kvLv _K hKvbv GKwU kvLv wbevPb Ki wbevwPZ kvLvi AvewkK welqmg~n wbZ
ne|
mvn 6w`b `wbK 6wcwiqW AbywZ ne|
wcwiqWi evw I Abvb welq l _K Ag kwYi Abyic ne|
* kvixwiK wkv I xov welqwU ay evsjv`k xov wkv cwZvbi wevb kvLv I gvbweK kvLvi wkv_xiv HwQK
welq wnmve wbZ cvie|

RvZxq wkvg 2012

6.4 GKv`k-v`k kwYi welqKvVvgv (ay 2013-2014 wkveli Rb chvR)


2013 - 2014 wkveli Rb RvZxq wkvg 2012 Gi wb`kbv Abymvi GKv`k I v`k kwYi welq KvVvgv wbic :
1. wkv_x wbi hKvbv GKwU kvLvq fwZ nZ cvie| kvLvmg~n nQ K. gvbweK L. wevb M. eemvq wkv N. Bmjvg wkv O. Mvnwevb Ges P. msMxZ
2. mKj kvLvi AvewkK welq 1. evsjv (cyivZb wkvg) 2. BsiwR (cyivZb wkvg) 3. Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw
3. kvLvwfwK welqmg~n wbic kvLv
kvLvwfwK AvewkK welq
kvLvwfwK HwQK welq (GKwU bIqv hve)
wevb
4. c`v_wevb
7. (K) Rxewevb, (L) DPZi MwYZ, (M) Kwlwkv, (N) fMvj, (O)
5. imvqb
gbvwevb, (P) cwimsLvb, (Q) cKkj AsKb I IqvKkc cvKwUm
6. Rxewevb A_ev DPZi MwYZ
(cyivZb wkvg), (R)*xov (cyivZb wkvg) ay weKGmwci
wkv_x`i Rb
gvbweK
10. (K) cibxwZ I mykvmb, (L) A_bxwZ, (M) fMvj, (N) hywwe`v, (O)
hKvbv wZbwU welq :
4. BwZnvm A_ev Bmjvgi BwZnvm I mswZ mgvRwevb, (P) mgvRKg, (Q) BwZnvm, (R) Bmjvgi BwZnvm I mswZ
(S) Bmjvg wkv, (T) gbvwevb, (U) cwimsLvb, (V) b-wevb (bZzb
5. cibxwZ I mykvmb
wkvg cYqb mvc) (W) Kwlwkv (X) Mvn A_bxwZ (cyivZb
6. A_bxwZ
wkvg), (Y) Pviy I KviyKjv (cyivZb wkvg), (Z) bvUKjv (cyivZb
7. mgvRwevb A_ev mgvRKg
wkvg), (_) mgiwe`v (cyivZb wkvg), (`) Aviwe A_ev cvwj A_ev
8. fMvj
msZ (cyivZb wkvg), (a) jNy msMxZ (cyivZb wkvg), (b) DPZi
9. hywwe`v
MwYZ, (c) *xov (cyivZb wkvg) ay weKGmwci wkv_x`i Rb
eemvq
4. eemvq msMVb I eevcbv
7. (K) wdbv, evswKs I wegv, (L) Drcv`b eevcbv I wecYb, (M),
wkv
5. wnmvewevb
cwimsLvb, (N) fMvj, (O) A_bxwZ, (P) Kwlwkv, (Q) MvnA_bxwZ
6. wdbv, evswKs I wegv A_ev
(cyivZb wkvg), (R) mvwPweK we`v I Awdm eevcbv (2015-16
Drcv`b eevcbv I wecYb
wkvel ch Pje)
Bmjvg
wkv
Mvn
A_bxwZ
msMxZ

4. Bmjvg wkv
5. Bmjvgi BwZnvm I mswZ
6. Aviwe (cyivZb wkvg)
4. mvaviY wevb Ges Lv` I cyw wevb
5. eenvwiK wkKjv Ges e I cvlvK wk
6. Mn eevcbv I wkeaY Ges cvwievwiK mK
(cyivZb wkvg)
4. jNy msMxZ (cyivZb wkvg)
5. DPv msMxZ (cyivZb wkvg)
6. A_bxwZ A_ev cibxwZ I mykvmb A_ev
BwZnvm

7. (K) mgvRwevb, (L) mgvRKg, (M) Kwlwkv, (N) Mvnwevb


(cyivZb wkvg), (O) gbvwevb, (P) hywwe`v, (Q) fMvj, (R) A_bxwZ
7. (K) cibxwZ I mykvmb, (L) gbvwevb, (M) A_bxwZ, (N) mgvRKg,
(O) fMvj, (P) mgvRwevb, (Q)msMxZ jNy/DPv(cyivZb wkvg), (R)
mvwPweKwe`v I Awdm eevcbv Ges (T) Bmjvg wkv
7. (K) A_bxwZ, (L) cibxwZ I mykvmb, (M) gbvwevb, (N) hywwe`v,
(O) MvnA_bxwZ (cyivZb wkvg), (P) mgvRwevb, (Q) mgvRKg

* BwZnvm Ges Bmjvgi BwZnvm I mswZ welq `ywUi ga hKvbv GKwU AvewkK A_ev HwQK wnmve bIqv hve| Zgwbfve
mgvRwevb I mgvRKg welq `ywUi hKvbv GKwU AvewkK A_ev HwQK welq wnmve bIqv hve| DjL _vK h, welq `ywU GKB m
AvewkK I HwQK wnmve bIqv hve bv|
* xov welqwU ay evsjv`k xov wkv cwZvbi wevb I gvbweK kvLvi wkv_xiv HwQK welq wnmve wbZ cvie|

mKj welq `yB c _vKe Ges c~Y b^i ne 200|


ay Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw welq GKwU c _vKe Ges Gi c~Y b^i ne 100|
mKj welq mvvwnK wcwiqW 5wU|
Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw welqi mvvwnK wcwiqW 3wU|
cwZwU wcwiqWi evw ne 60 wgwbU|
GKB welq kvLvwfwK AvewkK welq Ges HwQK welq wnmve `yevi bIqv hve bv|
h me welq eenvwiK AvQ Hme welq Zxq I eenvwiK mgw^Zfve Pje| A_vr Zxq Ask Ges G mswk eenvwiK Aski
wkLb-kLvbv Kvhg GKB mv_ cwiPvwjZ ne| cvVcyK mfveB cYxZ ne|
RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW KZK cKvwkZ evsjv I BsiwR eB eenvi KiZ ne| Abvb welqi cvVcyK RvZxq wkvg I
cvVcyK evW KZK Abygvw`Z nZ ne| Ze idvi wnmve Abvb eB eenvi Kiv hZ cvi|

RvZxq wkvg 2012

6.5 RvZxq wkvg 2012 Abymvi GKv`k-v`k kwYi welq KvVvgv (2014-2015 wkvel nZ KvhKi ne)
1. wkv_xK wbi hKvb GKwU kvLvq fwZ nZ ne| kvLvmg~n nQ
K. gvbweK L. wevb M. eemvq wkv N. Bmjvg wkv kvLv O. Mvnwevb Ges P. msMxZ
2. mKj kvLvi Rb AvewkK welq 1. evsjv 2. BsiwR 3. Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw
3. kvLvwfwK welqmg~nkvLv
kvLvwfwK AvewkK wZbwU welq
kvLvwfwK HwQK welq (GKwU bIqv hve)
wevb
gvbweK

4.
5.
6.
4.

c`v_wevb
imvqb
Rxewevb A_ev DPZi MwYZ
BwZnvm A_ev Bmjvgi BwZnvm I
mswZ
5. cibxwZ I mykvmb A_ev A_bxwZ A_ev
hywwe`v
6. mgvRwevb A_ev mgvRKg A_ev fMvj

eemvq
wkv

4. eemvq msMVb I eevcbv


5. wnmvewevb
6. wdbv, evswKs I wegv, A_ev Drcv`b
eevcbv I wecYb

Bmjvg
wkv

4.
5.
6.
4.
5.
6.
4.
5.
6.

Mvnwevb
mxZ

Bmjvg wkv
Bmjvgi BwZnvm I mswZ
Aviwe
wki weKvk
Lv` I cyw
Mn eevcbv Ges cvwievwiK Rxeb
jNy mxZ
DPv mxZ
A_bxwZ A_ev cibxwZ I mykvmb A_ev
BwZnvm

7. (K) Rxewevb, (L) DPZi MwYZ, (M) Kwlwkv, (N) fMvj, (O)
gbvwevb, (P) cwimsLvb, (Q) gwKvwevb, (R) cKkj AsKb I
IqvKkc cvKwUm (cyivZb wkvKg), (S)*xov (cyivZb wkvg),
7. (K) cibxwZ I mykvmb, (L) A_bxwZ, (M) fMvj, (N) hywwe`v,
(O) mgvRwevb, (P) mgvRKg, (Q) Bmjvg wkv, (R) gbvwevb,
(S) cwimsLvb, (T) b-wevb (bZzb wkvg cYqb mvc) (U)
Kwlwkv (V) Mvnwevb, (W) Pviy I KviyKjv, (X) bvUKjv (cyivZb
wkvg), (Y) mgiwe`v (cyivZb wkvg), (Z) Aviwe A_ev cvwj
A_ev msZ (cyivZb wkvg), (_) *xov (cyivZb wkvg)
7. (K) wdbv, evswKs I wegv, (L) Drcv`b eevcbv I wecYb, (M)
UzwiRg G nmwcUvwjwU, (N) gvbe m` Dbqb (bZzb wkvg
cYqb mvc), (O) cwimsLvb, (P) fMvj, (Q) A_bxwZ, (R)
Kwlwkv, (S) Mvnwevb, (T) mvwPweK we`v I Awdm eevcbv
(2015-16 wkvel ch)
7. (K) mgvRwevb, (L) mgvRKg, (M) Kwlwkv, (N) Mvnwevb,
(O) gbvwevb, (P) hywwe`v, (Q) fMvj, (R) A_bxwZ
7. (K) wkKjv I e cwiQ`, (L) gbvwevb, (M) A_bxwZ, (N)
mgvRKg, (O) fMvj, (P) mgvRwevb
7. (K) A_bxwZ, (L) cibxwZ I mykvmb, (M) gbvwevb, (N)
hywwe`v, (O) Mvnwevb, (P) mgvRwevb, (Q) mgvRKg

* xov welqwU ay evsjv`k xov wkv cwZvbi wevb I gvbweK kvLvi wkv_xiv HwQK welq wnmve wbZ cvie|
BwZnvm Ges Bmjvgi BwZnvm I mswZ welq `ywUi ga hKvbv GKwU AvewkK A_ev HwQK wnmve bIqv hve| Zgwbfve
mgvRwevb I mgvRKg welq `ywUi hKvbv GKwU AvewkK A_ev HwQK wnmve bIqv hve| DjL _vK h, welq `ywU GKB m
AvewkK I HwQK wnmve bIqv hve bv|
mKj welq `yB c _vKe Ges c~Y b^i ne 200|
ay Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw welq GKwU c _vKe Ges Gi c~Y b^i ne 100|
mKj welq mvvwnK wcwiqW 5wU|
Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw welqi mvvwnK wcwiqW 3wU|
cwZwU wcwiqWi evw ne 60 wgwbU|
GKB welq kvLvwfwK AvewkK welq Ges HwQK welq wnmve `yevi bIqv hve bv|
h me welq eenvwiK AvQ Hme welq Zxq I eenvwiK mgw^Zfve Pje| A_vr Zxq Ask Ges G mswk eenvwiK Aski wkLbkLvbv Kvhg GKB mv_ cwiPvwjZ ne| cvVcyK mfveB cYxZ ne|
RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW KZK cKvwkZ evsjv I BsiwR eB eenvi KiZ ne| Abvb welqi cvVcyK RvZxq wkvg I
cvVcyK evW KZK Abygvw`Z nZ ne| Ze idvi wnmve Abvb eB eenvi Kiv hZ cvi|

RvZxq wkvg 2012

7.

wkLb-kLvbv cwZ I Kkj


wkvgi myz evevqbi gvag wkv_xi wkLb wbwZKiY A_vr wkLbdj ARb cavbZ `ywU welqi Dci wbfikxj|
mePq iZc~YwU nQ kwYwkKi mwq mnhvwMZv I h_vchy wkLb-kLvbv cwZ I Kkji myy cqvM Ges
wZxqwU nQ gvbmZ cvVcyK I Abvb wkvcKiYi mwVK eenvi| Dfq B wkKi f~wgKv AZ iZc~Y|
GK K_vq wkv_xi wkLb wbwZKiYi wkKi Pq Dg Avi wKQy bB| GLvb weklfve DjL, AbK KwVb
I RwUj KvR hv Kivi Rb AbK kg I mgq cqvRb Zv h_vwPZ cwZ I Kkj cqvM mnR I Kg mgq mwVKfve
mb Kiv me| wkv_xi wkLbi I G wbqg chvR| wkK c~ecwZ wbq Kg cwikg Ges AcvKZ Kg
mgq h_vh_ cwZ I Kkj cqvM wkv_xi wkLbdj ARb wbwZ KiZ cvib|

7.1 wkv_xi wkLb wbwZ Kivi weeP welq


7.1.1 wkLb-kLvbv cwqvq wkv_xi mwqZv LyeB iZc~Y| mwqZvi `ywU -gvbwmK mwqZv I `wnK mwqZv|
gvbwmK mwqZv A_vr wkYxq welq wkv_xi wPb cwqv Dx Kiv| Ggb mgmv, ck ev KvR `Iqv hvi mgvavb
wPv Ki ei KiZ nq| `wnK mwqZv njv nvZ-Kjg KvR Ki kLv| wkv jvf cwqvq wkv_xK mwq ivLv
Mj Kg mgq I mnR wkLb me|
7.1.2 gvbyl GK aibi KvR `xN mgq gbvhvM w`Z cvi bv| wk`i gbvhvM `Iqvi evw eq`i Pq Kg|
wewfb MelYvq `Lv MQ, 12 _K 16 eQi eqmx wk`i G evw 8 _K 10 wgwbU, ZvI Avevi wbfi Ki
KvRwU KZUv AvKlYxq Ges Avb``vqK Zvi Dci| AZGe kwY Kvhg ne ewPc~Y| AvjvPbv, `jMZ KvR, M,
jLv, AuvKv, weZK, Awfbq, nvZ-Kjg KvR, ckvi, c`kb BZvw` cvVi mv_ mwZ iL cqvM Kiv nj wkv_xi
gbvhvM ai ivLv me|
7.1.3 cZK ewB ^Z (every individual is a unique)| wkv_x`i Zv ewk weePbvi `vwe ivL| cZK
wkv_x Zvi wbRi gZv Ki wbR MwZZ kL| ZvB ew^vZi K_v weePbvq iL h_vme wkv_xi DchvMx
Dcvq mnhvwMZv `Iqv nj wkv_xi c wkvjvf mnR nq|
7.1.4 wkvK ejv nq eK cwqv| eKi Dci eK vcb Ki weivU BgviZ Zwi Kiv nq| GKBfve Rvbv AwfZv, vb I
`Zvi Dci wfw Ki bZzb vb, `Zv I g~jeva ARb mnR mnvqZv `Iqv hvq| ZvB wkv_xi Rxeb _K Dcgv,
D`vniY w`q Ges c~ej vb, `Zvi mv_ mshvM vcb Ki bZzb vb, `Zv ARb mnvqZv Kiv nj wkv jvf
mnR nq|
7.1.5 wkv_xiv hv wkLe Zv eyS wkLe| Kvbv welq mK my aviYv jvf Kie| bv eyS gyL Kiv h_v_ wkv bq|
GZ wkLbi mvjb nq bv| eyS wkLj ev Kvbv mgmv mgvavbi hyw I cwZ eyS cqvM Kij Abyic mgmvi
mgvavb wkv_x wbRB KiZ cvi| ZvB wkLbi Rb gyLi Pq eySvi Dci iZ `Iqv cqvRb|
7.1.6 wkv jvf h_vh_ wkvcKiYi mwVK eenvi AZ iZc~Y| me welqB Kg-ewk wkvcKiY eenvii myhvM
AvQ| wkvcKiYi mvnvh RwUj I weg~Z welqK mnR I g~Z Ki Dcvcb Ki welqwUK aviYv `Iqv hvq|
GKwU QvU MvQ kwYZ c`kb Ki MvQi wewfb Ask ev gvwwgwWqvq m~hMnY `Lvj hZ mnR mwVK aviYv jvf me
Ab Kvbvfve Zv me bq| gvwwgwWqv eenvii myhvM bv _vKj P`, cw_ex I m~hi Awfbq ev PvU eenvi Kiv
hvq|
7.1.7 wkLbK vqxKiYi Rb cqvRb Abykxjbi eev| bZzbfve AwRZ vb, `Zv evievi Abykxjb Kiv nj GKw`K
hgb wkLb vqx nq, Abw`K wkLb mvjbi myhvM mw nq|
7.1.8 wkv ARbi wkv_xi cwZ wkKi mnvbyf~wZc~Y AvPiY LyeB iZc~Y| wkK-wkv_xi mK Ggb ne hb
wkv_x ay jLvcov welqK mgmv bq, Zvi h Kvbv ewMZ, cvwievwiK mgmv webv msKvP wkKi mv_ AvjvPbv
Ki| wkK mgmv mgvavb civgk w`eb Ges mvagZ mnvqZv Kieb| wkK-wkv_xi gvS Kvbv `qvj _vKe bv|
mK ne mn-kvi Ges LyeB Nwb I AvwiK|
7.1.9 wkKi wekvm _vKZ ne h, Zuvi mKj wkv_xB kLvi mvg_ mb| mevi kLvi Dcvq I MwZi ga cv_K _vKZ
cvi, Ze Dchy cwiek I mnhvwMZv cj mevB kL| Kvb wkv_xi cwZ wkKi bwZevPK gbvfve _vKj H
wkK _K wkv_xi DcKZ nIqvi mvebv LyeB Kg| ZvB cwZwU wkv_xi cwZ wkKi DP aviYv _vKv evbxq|
Kvb wkv_xK KLbI Zvi gv_vq Mvei, ZvK w`q wKQyB ne bv, Mvav, Ac`v_ BZvw` Kvbv aibi bwZevPK
ev wbirmvng~jK K_v ejv hve bv| eZ eenvi ev Kvbv cKvi kvixwiK ev gvbwmK kvw c`vb wkv jvfi Aivq
Ges ivxq AvBb kvwhvM Aciva| fq-fxwZ bv `wLq eis Drmvn c`vb Kiv nj wkv_xi kLvi AvMn AbKUvB
eo hvq|

RvZxq wkvg 2012

8.

wkLb gZev`

8.1

wkv wevbi AZ iZc~Y welq wkLb gZev`| `xNw`b ai _bWvBKi cPv I fyj mskvab gZev` (Trail and
Error Theory of Thorndike); cfjfi DxcK I cwZwqvwfwK mvc cwZeZev` (Conditioned Reflex Theory of
Pavlov); Kvnjvi I KvdKvii mgMZvev` (Gestalt Theory) wkLbi AbymZ nq AvmQ| eqmf` wk`i AeaviY
gZv wfb G welq Theory of Cognitive Development of Piaget wkvwevb mwekl Ae`vb iL PjQ| G gZev`
AeaviY gZv ev mvg_i ZviZg Abymvi 1 _K 16 eQi eqmi wk RxebK PviwU i fvM Kiv nqQ| fvMjv
nQ (K) 0-2 eQi mse`b mvjbi i (L) 2-7 eQi cvK-KvhKi i (M) 7-11 eQi eve KvhKi i Ges (N) 11-16
eQi AvbyvwbK KvhKi i| wkvg Dbqb I wkLb-kLvbv Kvhg cwiPvjbvq wki AeaviY gZv ev mvg_i welq
weePbvq ivLv LyeB iZc~Y| Kvb eqmi wk KZUzKz aviY KiZ cvi ev Kvb eqm Kx Kx aibi weg~Z aviYv jvf
KiZ mg m mK my aviYv _vKv AZvekK| wkLbi DwjwLZ cZKwU gZev` g~jZ AvPiYev`| wK eZgvb wek
mevwaK AvjvP wkLb gZev`wU aviYv MVb mwKZ hv MVbev` bvg cwiwPZ|

8.2 MVbev` (Constructivist Theory)


wkv_x wKfve kL G mK wkv gbvwevbx`i AevnZ cPvi dj D~Z mevaywbK Z nQ MVbev`| jvwUb
k Constrvere _K Construct kwUi Drcw hvi A_ webvm Kiv ev MVb `Iqv| ZvB G Zi g~jK_v njv aviYv
MVbB wkLb| cwZ gyn~ Z Bw`q Mvn Z_ viv Avgv`i wPbi ga h wbqwgZ MVb Ges cwieZb nQ Zvi gvagB
wkLb cwqv NU| cZK wkv_x wbRi AwfZv Ges cvwicvwkKZv Abyavb Ki wbRi gZv GKKfve bZzb vb I
aviYv MVb Ki| ew bZzb wKQyi myLxb nj m GUvK Zvi c~ej vb I AwfZvi AvjvK hvPvB Ki MnY Ki|
GfveB ew bZzb aviYv ev vb ARb Ki| hvPvBq bZzb welqK Aevi gb nj GUvK m evwZj Ki `q|
wkLbi Jerome Bruner cwiek I fvlv weKvki Dci ewk cvavb w`qQb| Zuvi gZ, vbweKvki
cwieki f~wgKv ewk Ges vbweKvki wewfb i wk vbi AvIZvfz wewfb mgmvi mgvavb wewfbfve `q| GUv
wbfi Ki wki c~e AwfZv I vbi Dci|
gb Kib MVbev` wkKi f~wgKv ne bZzb aviYv MVb wkv_xK mnvqZv Kiv| ay Z I Z_
mieivn Kiv bq| wkK mgmv-mgvavb ev Abymvbi wb`kbv w`eb, wkv_xiv hvZ wbRivB AbywgZ aviYv Zwi I
cixv Ki wmv wbZ cvi Ges `jMZ wkLb cwiek Ab`iK Zv RvbvZ cvi| G cwqvq vb jvfi gvag
wkv_xiv wKfve DcKZ nQ Zv D`NvUb KiZ wkK wkv_x`i DrmvwnZ Kib| Jonassen AviI gb Kib h,
wkv_xiv wbRiv wbR`iK ck Ki Ges Zv`i eeZ cwZ Kkji h_v_Zv hvPvB Ki wbRivB g g
Awf wkv_xZ cwiYZ nq, wKfve wkLZ nq (How to learn) Zv Zviv Avq Ki dj| Gfve Zviv Rxebevcx
wkv_xZ (Life-long learners) cwiYZ nq|
David Jonassen

MVbev`wfwZ wkvgi webvm ne kwLj (spiral)| G eevq wkv_x AwRZ aviYv, vb I `wfwi Dci wfw
Ki gvMZfve bZzb bZyb aviYv, vb I `wfw ARb Kie|
David Jonassen Gi

gZvbymvi MVbev`x kwYK wkLb ne-

MwVZ (Constructed) : wkv_xiv Zv`i c~evb, aviYv I AwfZvi mv_ bZzb vb I AwfZvi mg^q Ki Abyavbi
gvag wbRi gvS bZzb aviYv MVb Kie|
mwq (Active) : wkv_xiv wbRivB wbR`i aviYv mw Kie| wkK Zv`iK cqvRbxq wb`kbv w`eb Ges
wkv_x`iK cixv KiZ, DcKiYvw` eenvi KiZ, ck KiZ I cPv PvjvZ myhvM Ki w`eb|
wkv_x`iK wbR`i j I Kgcv wbaviY mnvqZv w`eb|
8.

wkLb-kLvbv Kvhg cwiPvjbvi KwZcq cwZ I Kkj


wkv_xi wkLb AbKvsk wbfi Ki wkK KZK cwiPvwjZ cwZ I Kkji Dci| wkv_x`i gZv I ceYZv
Ges cvVi ewki wfwZ cwZ I Kkj wbevPb Kiv cqvRb| cwZ I Kkj mwVK nj Ges h_vh_fve
cqvM Kiv nj wkv_x mnR wkLZ cvi| GLvb KqKwU cwZ I Kkji msw cwiPq `Iqv njv|

RvZxq wkvg 2012

8.1

ck-Di cwZ (Question-Answer Method)


ck- Di GKwU ej cPwjZ I KvhKi cwZ| G cwZi mwVK cqvMi gvag wkv_xK mwq iL wkLb
mnhvwMZv Kiv hvq| wewfb Dk ck Kiv nq _vK| kLvi Rb ck, wkLbdj ARb cwigvci Rb ck, Kvb wekl
Kgi DchvwMZv hvPvB Kivi Rb ck, BZvw` ek KqKwU aib iqQ|

8.2

ck Kivi ixwZ
mg kwYK Dk Ki ck Kiv| c_g Kvbv wkv_xK wbw` Ki ZvK ck Kiv nj kwYi Ab wkv_xiv
wbwq _vK, AgbvhvMx nZ cvi| mevBK mwq ivLvi Rb mg kwYK ck KiZ nq|
wPv Ki Di wVK Kivi Rb wKQyUv mgq `Iqv|
Di `vb kLjv eRvq ivLv| Di`vb mg wkv_xiv nvZ DVve| mevi GKmv_ Di `Iqvi Afvm ZvM
KivZ ne|
wkv_xK wbw` Ki Di w`Z ejv| GKB wkv_xK evi evi Di `Iqvi myhvM bv w`q chvqg mevBK
myhvM `Iqv| cqvRb Di`vb BwZ w`q mnvqZv Kiv| Di mwVK bv nj Ab wkv_xK Di w`Z ejv|
mwVK Di cybivew Kiv|
Gici c~e nvZ DVvq wb Ggb AcviM wkv_xK GKB cki Di w`Z ejv|
cqvRb Abymvbx ck (probing question) Kiv| GKwU cki Di _K h ck RvM ZvK Abymvbx ck ejv
nq|

8.2.1 cki aib


cki fvlv ne mnR I kwY DchvMx|
ck ne wkv_xi wPv DxcK I ciYv mwKvix| Kb, wKfve, KviY Kx, evLv Ki, weklY Ki, Zzjbv Ki
BZvw` viv ck Kiv nj wPv Ki Di ei KiZ nq|
hme cki Di nuv ev bv Ggb ck bv KivB fvj| wZ wbfi ck hgb Kx, K, Kv_vq, KqwU ev KvK ej
BZvw` ck hZUv me cwinvi Kiv|
chvqg Ggbfve ck Kiv hb ckmg~ni Di _K welqe mK aviYv jvf Kiv hvq| cqvRb
ckvii gvS gvS AvjvPbv Kiv|
Abymvbg~jK ck (probing question) A_vr GKwU cki Di _K D~Z ck Ki welqi c~YZv Avbv cqvRb|
hgbg~j ck : we`vjq wkv_x`i Mo DcwwZ KZ?
Di : mvaviY mgq 85%, wekl mgq 50%
Abymvbg~jK ck : wekl mgq Kg Kb?
Di : avb ivcY I avb KvUvi gmyg Qjgq`i AbK KwlKvR AwffveKK mnvqZv Ki ZvB Zviv
we`vjq Avm bv|
8.2.2 wkKi KiYxq
mwVK Dii Rb wkv_xK Drmvn c`vb
fyj Dii Rb wb`kbv I wkLZ AbyciYv `Iqv
mwVK Dii cm Ub AvjvPbvi gvag aviYv jvf mnvqZv Kiv
wkv_xK ck KiZ myhvM `Iqv, DrmvwnZ Kiv Ges wkv_xi cki Di `Iqv|
9.

`jMZ mnhvwMZvg~jK wkv cwZ


`jMZ mnhvwMZvg~jK cwZ GKwU mdj wkLbcwZ| G cwZZ GKB eqtgi ev GKB chvqi wkv_xiv
cii wg_wqvi gvag wkv jvf Ki| G wkKi f~wgKv civ wK iZc~Y| `jMZ KvRi gvag
cwZwU wkv_xi ay vb-`ZvB ew cvq bv, mv_ mv_ ek wKQy gvbweK Yvewji weKvk NU| K_v kvbvi I K_v
ejvi kLjv AbymiY, cigZ mwnzZv, bZZ, mgSvZv BZvw` Yvewji weKvk NU|

RvZxq wkvg 2012

9.1

`j MVb
wewfbfve `j MVb Kiv hvq| mg-mvg_i wkv_x`i `j, wgk mvg_i wkv_x`i `j, welqwfwK `j,
AjwfwK `j BZvw`| AbK wgk mvg_ `ji myweav Ab`i Pq wKQyUv ewk| cwZ cvVi Rb ev cwZ
welqi Rb bZzb Ki `j MVb KiZ Mj AbK mgq jvM| ZvB kwYwkK (whwb c_g wcwiqW Kvm bb) `j
MVb Kieb| cqvRb GK gvm Ai Ai bZzb Ki `j MVb Kieb| GZ wkv_x`i wg_wqvi cwimi ew
cvq| GKB kwYi wewfb welqi wkKMY kwYwkK KZK MwVZ `jjvKB `jMZ KvR wbqvwRZ Kieb|
cwZwU `ji AvKvi 6Rb _K 8Rb nj fvj, Ze 10Rbi ewk nIqv evbxq bq| cZK `ji GKwU Ki bvg
_vKj myweav nq| dj, dzj, cvwL, b`x ev is Gi bvg `ji bvg ivLv hvq|

9.1.1 `jMZ KvRi Avmb webvm


`jMZ KvRi Avmb webvm Ggb ne hvZ `ji mKj wkv_x gyLvgywL emZ cvi| kwYKi AvKvi eo nj
Ges chv Avmevec _vKj, cwZ `j Mvj Uweji Pvicvk eme| Gic Avmevec bv _vKj cvKv gSZ
gv`yiI Mvj nq emZ cvi| bZzev c_g ei wkv_xiv Nyi wZxq ei gyLvgywL eme, Gfve ZZxq e
Nyi PZz_ ei gyLvgywL| G cwZ `ji wkv_x`iK ci ci `ye emZ ne| wkK `jMZ KvR eywSq
`Iqvi mv_ mv_B `jefve em `jMZ KvR i KiZ ne| Avmevec UvbvUvwb Ki mgq b Kiv hve bv|
9.1.2 `jMZ KvR Kivi cwqv
`j fvM nIqvi AvMB mgeZ Kvm wkK Ki `jMZ KvR eywSq w`eb|
wkK `ji GKRbK GKwU KvRi Rb `jbZv gbvbqb w`eb| chvqg `ji cZKK `jbZvi `vwqZ
w`eb|
wkv_xiv `j fvM nq eme| `ji cZK welqwU wbq wPv Kie| Zvici AvjvPbv i Kie| GKRb K_v
ejvi mgq Abiv gb w`q be| K_vi gvS KD K_v eje bv| Ze AvjvPbv Ah_v `xN ev cm ewnf~Z nj
`jbZv f`fve wbqY Kie|
`ji cZK AvjvPbvq AskMnY Kie|
AvjvPbvi gvag Z, Z_, hyw Dcvcb I hyw Lb Kie|
Kviv K_v AcQ` nj ev gbtcyZ bv nj ah ai bZ ne, ci hyw w`q Lb Kiv hve, ivM Kiv ev Akvfb
AvPiY Kiv hve bv|
Rvi Ki Ab`i Dci wbRi gZvgZ Pvwcq `Iqvi Pv Kiv hve bv|
AvjvPbvi djvdj `ji wmv wnmve wjLZ ne Ges mevBK gb wbZ ne|
cieZxZ mgeZ Kvm wkKi wb`kvbymvi H AvjvPbvi `jbZv `ji cwZe`b Dcvcb Kie| Ab `ji ck
_vKj `ji c h Kvbv GKRb Di w`e|
`jMZ KvR Pjvi mgq Kvbv gZvbK ev mgmv `Lv w`j `jbZv nvZ Zzj wkKi wb`kbv PvBe|
9.1.3 `jMZ KvRi aib
`jMZ KvR cavbZ Abymvbg~jK ev mgmvwfwK ne| `jMZ KvRi welq wPv DxcK, mRbkxj I weklYagx
ne| mvaviY Z, Z_ ev vbg~jK Rvbvi welq `jMZ AvjvPbvi welq nq bv| ZvZ Abymvb ev wPv DxcK wKQy
_vK bv|
9.1.4 `jMZ KvRi KqKwU D`vniY
K. evsjv`k _K wewfb cRvwZi cvwL gvMZ wejy nIqvi KviY I Zv`i ivi Dcvq Abymvb|
L. Mvgi wbii gvbylK ^v mPZb Kivi wkv_x`i KiYxq wbaviY|
M. cixYi gvag wewfb cKvi gvwUi ewk wPwZKiY|
N. evsjv`ki wk`i AwaKvi ivq miKvi, mgvR I AwffveKi KiYxq wbaviY|
O. GKwU AbyQ`i mvigg D`&NvUb|

RvZxq wkvg 2012

9.1.5 `jMZ KvRi welq wnmve mwVK bq


K. AbycvZmn evqyi Dcv`vbmg~ni bvg
L. evsjv`ki f~-cKwZi eYbv
M. mvK `kmg~ni ivRavbx, RbmsLv I gv_vwcQy Avq
N. cigvYyi MVb eYbv
O. Z_ AwaKvi AvBb eYbv
9.1.6 `jMZ KvRi gvag wkLb `yejZvi Aemvb
wkv_x`i KD KD wewfb KviY wbavwiZ wkLbdj ARb KiZ cvi bv| avivevwnK g~jvqbi gvag wkLb
`yejZvmb wkv_x`i wPwZ Ki Zv`i Rb wekl `jMZ KvRi eev Kiv hvq| G GKB kwYi GKRb
wkLbdj ARbKvix PKm wkv_xK `jbZv wnmve `ji Ab`iK wkLb mnhvwMZv Kivi `vwqZ `Iqv nq|
wkK `jbZvK c~eB cqvRbxq wb`kbv w`q `b| mgchvqi wkv_x viv Ab wkv_x`iK wkLb mnhvwMZv
`IqvK Peer Learning ejv nq|
9.1.7 `jMZ KvR PjvKvjxb wkKi KiYxq
`jMZ KvR PjvKvjxb wkK Nyi Nyi cZK `ji KvR cheY Kieb| hLvb hLb cqvRb wb`kbv I
mnvqZv w`eb| cieZxZ `jMZ KvR Dcvcbi mgq fyj-vw ev Am~YZv _vKj awiq w`eb|
10.

c`kb cwZ (Demonstration Method)


c`kb cwZi g~jK_v njv Kvbv wKQy `wLq GwU mK aviYv jvf wkv_x`iK mnvqZv Kiv| Kvbv wKQy
Dcvcb ay eYbv ev AvjvPbvq mxgve bv _K Zv `Lvbv nj aviYv jvf mnR nq Ges GZ wkv_x`i AvMn
I Drmvn ew cvq| G cwZZ cvVi welq mswk eve e ev cZfve cwqv `wLq eYbv, AvjvPbv ev ckDii gvag aviYv jvf mnvqZv Kiv nq| hgb- GKwU Rev dzji Askjv `wLq dzji Askjvi mK
aviYv ARb mnvqZv Kiv; kwYK wkv_x`i mvgb hcvwZ mshvRb Ki `vi mv_ cvZjv mvjwdDwiK GwmW
wgwkq nvBWvRb cZ Ki `Lvbv BZvw`|
AbK eve e ev NUbv mivmwi `Lvbv me nq bv| m Aaevei mvnvh aviYv jvf mnvqZv Kiv
hvq| hgb- P` ev m~hMnY mK aviYv jvfi Rb kwYK wmwW ev wWwfwWi gvag gvwwgwWqvq cw_ex I
Puv`i wbR wbR Kc_ N~Yb `wLq MnY NUvi welqwU cwivi Kiv hvq| cRi ev gvwwgwWqv bv _vKj PvUi
gvag `Lvbv hvq| ivj-c cwZZI kLvbv hvq| wekl wkv_x`iK kwYKi evBi wbq eve
NUbv cZfve `wLq wkv jvf mnvqZv Kiv hvq| hgb- f~wgqi KviYjv cZ `Lvbv hvq| me nj
HwZnvwmK vb wbq wewfb wb`kb `wLq I eYbv Ki aviYv jvf mnvqZv Kiv hvq| hgb- Kzwgjvi KvUevwo
kvjeb wenvi cwi`kb wbq ZrKvjxb emfZv mK RvbZ mvnvh Kiv|
c`kb cwZZ wkv_x`i Abymwrmv ew cvq| mnR mwVK aviYv jvf KiZ cvi| wkLb AcvKZ `xNvqx
nq| c`kb cwZZ j ivLZ ne hb me wkv_x `LZ cvq|

11.

Abymvbg~jK KvRi aib


Abymvbg~jK KvR g~jZ KgKw`K cwZ| wWDBi mwqZv Zi wfwZ cwiPvwjZ G cwZZ wkv_xiv
GKKfve ev `jMZfve wbR`i cPvq wbqgZvwK cwZZ wkv jvf Ki _vK| G cwZZ wkv_x Kvbv
welq ev NUbv ev mgmvi KviY, djvdj, cwZwqv BZvw` D`&NvUb Ki| bw_c chvjvPbv, cwi`kb, cheY,
mvvrKvi MnY bvbvfve Abymvb KvR cwiPvjbv Kiv hvq|| D`vniY hyemgvRi AvKvk mswZi cwZ ceYZv ewi KviY I djvdj
wk Aj evqy `~lYi KviY I djvdj
Lv` Drcv`b AwZgvvq ivmvqwbK KxUbvkK `e eenvii cwZwqv|

RvZxq wkvg 2012

12. Abymvbg~jK cwZZ wkLb cwqv


cZKwU Abymvbi Rb GKwU welq ev mgmv wbevPb KiZ nq| G cwZZ hveZxq Kvhg cavbZ cuvPwU chvq
cwiPvwjZ nq| chvqjv nQK. mgmv/Dk wbaviY
L. cwiKbv cYqb
M. Z_ msMn
N. Z_ weklY
O. cwZe`b cYqb
me c_g Kvhgi mgmv wPwZ Kiv ev Dk wbaviY KiZ nq| wZxq chvq mgM Kvhgi Rb cwiKbv cYqb
KiZ nq| Dk ARbi Rb Kx Kx KiZ ne, KvbwU wKfve, Kx w`q, KLb KiZ ne-G meB cwiKbvq _vK|
Z_ msMn Abymvbg~jK KvRi GKwU iZc~Y i| cvBgvwi ev mKvwi Drm nZ Z_ msMn KiZ ne| PZy_
chvq Z_ weklY I djvdj cYqb KiZ ne| mekl wkv_x m~Y Abymvbg~jK KvRi Dci GKwU cwZe`b
cYqb Kie|
13. wkLb- kLvbv Kvhg mK KqKwU K_v
wkLb-kLvbv cwZ I Kkj AbK aibi| Gi KqKwU wkKKw`K Ges KqKwU wkv_xKw`K| wkLb-kLvbv
cwqvq wkv_xi mwq AskMnY wkvjvf mnvqK| me cwZiB Kgewk myweav I Amyweav AvQ| Ggb Kvbv cwZ
ev Kkj bB hwU mKj wkv_xi Rb mgfve DchvMx ev me aibi welqei Rb DchvMx| wkKi wewfb cwZ
I Kkji Dci `Zv Ges kwY I cvV DchvMx cwZ I Kkji h_vh_ cqvMi Dci wbfi Ki wkv_xi wkLb
mvdj| Ggb Kvbv evaevaKZv bB h GKwU cvV cwiPvjbvq wkKK GKwU cwZi Dci wbfi KiZ ne| cvVK
djcm~ Kivi Rb wkK cwiwwZ Abymvi GKvwaK cwZ I Kkji mswgkY wbRi gZv Ki cvV cwiPvjbv KiZ
cvib| cvVi mvdj wbfi Ki wkKi wePYZv, welqvb I wkLb cwZi h_vh_ cqvMi Dci| GRb ejv nq wkKB
mevrK cwZ| wkv_xKw`K wkLb-kLvbv cwZ ewea| GLvb gv KqKwU wkv_xmwq cwZ msc Dcvcb
Kiv njv| Ze wkKi AwaK msLK cwZ I Kkji Dci `Zv _vKv cqvRb| Zvnj wZwb h h cwZ
DchvMx Zv cqvM KiZ cvib| cqvRb GKvwaK cwZi mswgkY wbRi gZv Ki cvV cwiPvjbv KiZ cvib|
cvV cwiPvjbvi mgq wkK hw` eySZ cvib h cqvMKZ cwZ wkv_x`i wkLb djcm~ nQ bv ZLb wZwb cwZ
cwieZb KiZ cvib| ZvB wkK`i e cwZi Dci `Zv _vKv AvekK|
14. wkv_xi g~jvqb
mvaviY A_ wkv_xi g~jvqb njv wkv Kvhg _K wkv_xi ARbi gvv wbYq Kiv| A_vr wkvg DjwLZ c~e
wbavwiZ wkLbdj wkv_x KZUv ARb KiQ Zv wbicYB wkv_xi g~jvqb| hw`I g~jvqb K_vwUi wewZ AbK evcK|
Avgiv wewfb mgq bvbvfve wkv_xi g~jvqb Ki _vwK| g~jvqbi mgq I aib weePbvq wkv_xi g~jvqb cavbZ `yB
avivi: (K) MVbKvjxb ev avivevwnK g~jvqb Ges (L) mvgwK g~jvqb| Avgiv cvV PjvKvjxb ev wbw` cvVvsk _K
wkv_xi ARb g~jvqb Ki _vwK| G g~jvqb avivevwnK ev MVbKvjxb g~jvqb| Avevi Avgiv wbw` mgq kl ev
Kvhg kl mvgwqK cixv, evwlK cixv, GmGmwm cixv BZvw` cixvi gvag g~jvqb Ki _vwK| G aibi
g~jvqb nj mvgwK g~jvqb| avivevwnK I mvgwK Dfq avivi g~jvqbiB cqvRb AvQ| Ze avivevwnK g~jvqbi
iZ AbK ewk| KviY avivevwnK g~jvqbi gvag wkv_xi wkLb `yejZv wPwZ Ki ZvrwYK wbivgqg~jK eev bIqv hvq|
wkv_xi nvZ-Kjg eenvwiK KvR Kivi cwqv cheYi gvag g~jvqb Ki wb`kbv `Iqv hvq|
wkv_xi wekl wKQz `Zv, hgb- kvbv, ejv, cov BZvw` Kg mgq, Kg LiP I mnR cwigvc Ki avc avc
wb`kbv `Iqv I wbivgqg~jK eev bIqv hvq| mvgwK g~jvqbi gvag AbK Gme ewki g~jvqb Kiv me
nq bv|
RvZxq wkvg 2012

15.

wkv_xi AveMxq w`Kmg~n wekl Ki ewK I mvgvwRK AvPiY Ges g~jeva cZ cheYi gvag
g~jvqb Ki wb`kbv `Iqv hvq|
G g~jvqbi gvag wkK Zuvi eeZ wkLb kLvbv cwZ I Kkji h_v_Zv I djcm~Zv wbaviY Ki ev
`yejZv wPwZ Ki cqvRbxq cwieZb AvbZ cvib|
avivevwnK g~jvqb
avivevwnK g~jvqbi gvag wkv_xi `yejZv wPwZ Ki wb`kbv `Iqv hvq Ges cqvRb wbivgqg~jK eev MnY
Kiv hvq|

15.1

kwYi KvR
wkLb-kLvbv Kvhg PjvKvjxb wkv_x KZK mvw`Z hveZxq KvR kwYi KvR wnmve weewPZ| welqf`
kwYi KvRi aib ZviZg _vKZ cvi| AwaKvsk B cki Di ejv ev jLv, AuvKv (wP/Qwe, mviwY,
gvbwP, jLwP), AvjvPbv I weZK AskMnY, Pwi-Awfbq, eenvwiK KvR-G aibi me wKQzB kwYi KvR|
evsjv I BsiwR welq kvbv, ejv, cov, jLv BZvw` kwYi KvR wnmve weewPZ ne|
15.2 evwoi KvR
wkv_x evwoZ wkvgwfwK h KvRjv mb Ki ZvB evwoi KvR | evwoi KvR wkv_x GKKfve mb
Kie GUvB cZvwkZ| wkK wbwZ neb h, wkv_x GKvB KvRwU mb KiQ| evwoi KvRi gvag wkv_xi
wPb `Zv Ges ewK AvPiY I g~jeva g~jvqb Kiv ne| evwoi KvR g~jvqb Ki wkK wkv_x`iK
cqvRbxq wkLb mnvqZv w`eb| wkvgi wkLbdji Pvwn`vi Dci wfw Ki wkK evwoi KvR w`eb|
j ivLZ ne evwoi KvR hb wkv_xK gyL Kivq DrmvwnZ bv Ki| evwoi KvR Ggb nZ ne hb
wkv_xi wPb `Zv weKvk Ges mRbkxjZv cKvki myhvM _vK|
kwYK AwRZ aviYvmg~n wPv I KvR cqvM Kivi myhvM hb evwoi KvR _vK| evwoi KvR hb
wkv_xK mRbkxj cki cwZZ mvnvh Ki mw`K iZ w`Z ne| wkvg gvwU wkLb kLvbv
Kvhg Kjvg c` evwoi KvR bgybv wnmve AbymiY Kiv hZ cvi|
cwZwU welqi evwoi KvRjv Ggb ne hv wkv_x 30-35 wgwbUi ga mv`b KiZ cvi| wkK cwZ
mvgwqK kwYZ cqvRbxq msLK evwoi KvR w`eb|
15.3 kwY Afxv
cwZwU Aavq kl kwY Afxv bIqv ne| kwY Afxv wjwLZ ev eenvwiK ne| cwZwU kwY Afxv ^ mgq
bIqv ne| welqi Rb wbavwiZ Kvm wcwiqW bIqv ne| wbavwiZ GK Kvm wcwiqWi AwZwi mgq bIqv hve
bv| kwY Afxvi w`b kwYi Abvb wcwiqWi ^vfvweK KvRKg h_vixwZ Pje|
16

mvgwqK cixv I cvewjK cixv


RvZxq wkvg 2012 Gi wb`kbv Abymvi cwZ wkvel `ywU mvgwqK fvM Kiv ne| mvgwqK Ges cvewjK
cixvi ckc cYqb Ges Dic g~jvqb mRbkxj ckcwZi wb`kbv Abymvi msMwVZ ne| wkvg c`
Aavqmg~nK `ywU mvgwqKi Rb eb KiZ ne| we`vjqi Kvhw`emi cwigvYi Dci wfw Ki Aavqmg~nK
mvgwqK eb KiZ ne| c_g mvgwqK g~jvqbKZ Aavqmg~nK wZxq mvgwqK g~jvqbi Rb eenvi Kiv hve
bv| mvgwqK kl Abyq cixv wkvg welq Ges ci Rb eivKZ c~Y b^i ne| wkvg iciLvi
welqKvVvgvq welqi c~Yb^i `Iqv AvQ|
mRbkxj ckcwZi ckc `y&B aibi ck _vKe| GKwU nQ ewbevPwb ck Ges AciwU nQ mRbkxj ck|
ewbevPwb ckc wZb aibi ewbevPwb ck _vKe| Gjv nQ mvaviY ewbevPwb ck, ec`x mgvwm~PK
ewbevPwb ck Ges Awfb Z_wfwK ewbevPwb ck| ewbevPwb ckc wPb `Zvi Pvi ii ck
AvbycvwZKnvi _vKe| mKj AavqK cixvi AvIZvfz KiZ ne| ckc cYqbi c~e wb`kK QK Zwi
KiZ ne| cwZwU mRbkxj ck GKwU DxcK _vKe Ges DxcKi mv_ 4wU ck _vKe| ck 4wU w`q wPb
`Zvi PviwU i (vb, Abyaveb, cqvM Ges DPZi `Zv) hvPvB Kiv ne| Ze wnmvewevb MwYZ I DPZi
MwYZ welqi wnmve mRbkxj ckc ay wPb `Zvi cqvM vii 3wU ck _vKe| 1wU mnR gvbi, 1wU
gagvbi I GKwU Acv KwVb gvbi ck b^i c`vb wb`wkKv AbymiY Ki Dic g~jvqb KiZ ne|

RvZxq wkvg 2012

wkvg Dbqb mswk KwgwU


1. RvZxq wkvg mg^q KwgwU
wgK
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.

bvg I c`we
W. Kvgvj Ave`yj bvmi Payix
mwPe, wkv gYvjq, evsjv`k mwPevjq, XvKv|
DcvPvh, RvZxq wekwe`vjq, MvRxcyi|
W. KvRx LjxKzvgvb Avng`
Pqvigvb, evsjv`k Dbqb cwil` I mfvcwZ, evsjv`k A_bxwZ mwgwZ|
hyM-mwPe (gvawgK), wkv gYvjq, evsjv`k mwPevjq, XvKv|
gnvcwiPvjK, gvawgK I DPwkv Awa`i, XvKv|
gnvcwiPvjK, RvZxq wkv eevcbv GKvWgx, avbgw, XvKv|
gnvcwiPvjK, evsjv`k KvwiMwi wkv Awa`i, AvMviMuvI, XvKv|
cwiPvjK, AvBBAvi, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
cdmi gvt gvdv KvgvjDwb
Pqvigvb, RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW, XvKv|
Pqvigvb, gvawgK I DPgvawgK wkvevW, XvKv|
Pqvigvb, evsjv`k KvwiMwi wkvevW, XvKv|
Pqvigvb, evsjv`k gv`&ivmv wkvevW, XvKv|
m`m (wkvg), RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW, XvKv|
cdmi W. gynv` Rvdi BKevj
wefvMxq cavb, KwDUvi mvq G Bwwbqvwis wefvM, kvnRvjvj wevb I chyw wekwe`vjq, wmjU|
W. gvt wQwKzi ingvb
cvb AavcK I cwiPvjK, wkv I MelYv BbwwUDU
XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
AavcK W. gvt AvLZvivgvb
Bmjvgi BwZnvm I mswZ wefvM, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
AavcK kvnxb gvn&eyev Kexi
BsiwR wefvM RvnvxibMi wekwe`vjq, mvfvi, XvKv|
m`m (cv_wgK wkvg), RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW, XvKv|
m`m (cvVcyK), RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW, XvKv|
cK cwiPvjK, GmBGmwWwc, gvawgK I DPwkv Awa`i, wkv feb, XvKv|
Dc mwPe (gvawgK), wkv gYvjq, evsjv`k mwPevjq, XvKv|

KwgwUZ c`we
mfvcwZ
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m

2. cdkbvj KwgwU
wgK
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

bvg I c`we
cdmi gvt gvdv KvgvjDwb
Pqvigvb, RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW, XvKv|
gnvcwiPvjK, gvawgK I DP wkv Awa`i, XvKv|
gnvcwiPvjK, RvZxq wkv eevcbv GKvWgx, avbgw, XvKv|
cwiPvjK, AvBBAvi, XvKv wekwe`vjq,XvKv|
gnvcwiPvjK, evsjv GKvWgx, XvKv|
gnvcwiPvjK, BmjvwgK dvDkb evsjv`k, XvKv|
Rbve gbRyij Avnmvb eyjeyj
cavb mv`K, ekvLx Uwjwfwkb wjwgUW, XvKv|
cK cwiPvjK, GmBGmwWwc, gvawgK I DP wkv Awa`i, wkv feb, XvKv|
Pqvigvb, gvawgK I DPgvawgK wkvevW, XvKv I mfvcwZ, evsjv`k Avt evW mg^q mve KwgwU|
Pqvigvb, evsjv`k gv`&ivmv wkv evW, XvKv|
Pqvigvb, evsjv`k KvwiMwi wkv evW, XvKv|
AavcK Avyjvn Avey mvqx`
cwiPvjK, wekmvwnZ K`, XvKv|

RvZxq wkvg 2012

KwgwUZ c`we
mfvcwZ
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m

13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.

W. gvt wQwKzi ingvb


civgkK, GmBGmwWwc, gvawgK I DPwkv Awa`i, XvKv|
AavcK Kwdj Dxb Avng`
civgkK, cv_wgK wkvg DBs, GbwmwUwe, XvKv|
cdmi gynv` Avjx
cvb m`m, wkvg, GbwmwUwe, XvKv|
(evmv-mK-gwfm 8g Zjv (cwg), 6/9, eK-wm, jvjgvwUqv, XvKv-1207|
Wxb, PviyKjv Abyl`, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
cdmi mvjgv AvLZvi
AvBBAvi, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
Aa, wkK cwkY KjR, XvKv|
m`m (wkvg), RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW, XvKv|
cavb wkK, MebgU jveiUwi nvB zj, avbgw, XvKv|
Rbve gvkZvK Avng` f~uBqv
weZiY wbqK, RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW, XvKv|

3. UKwbKvj KwgwU
wgK
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.

bvg I c`we
cdmi gvt Ave`yyj Revi
cvb cwiPvjK, bvqg, XvKv|
(evwo bs-7, moK bs-11, mi bs-4, Div gWj UvDb, XvKv-1230)
AavcK W. Avey nvwg` jwZd
mycvi wbDgvwi AavcK, AvBBAvi, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
cdmi Ave`ym myenvb
cvb gnvcwiPvjK, cv_wgK wkv Awa`i
(wm-8, evmv bs-52, ivW bs-6/G, avbgw AvevwmK GjvKv, XvKv|)
AavcK W. Mvjvg imyj wgqv
cvb Aa, wUPvm Uwbs KjR, XvKv|
(evmv bs-47, ivW bs-02, mi-09, Div gWj UvDb, XvKv-1230|)
W. gvt wQwKzi ingvb
civgkK
GmBGmwWwc, gvawgK I DPwkv Awa`i, wkv feb, XvKv|
cdmi W. gvt bvRgyj Kwig Payix
eevcbv wefvM, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
W. Avyj gvjK
AavcK, AvBBAvi, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
Rbve gvnv` RvwKi nvmb
wkvg wekl
GmBGmwWwc, GbwmwUwe, XvKv|
Rbve kvnxbviv eMg
wekl, GbwmwUwe, XvKv|
Rbve gvt gvLjm Di ingvb
wekl, GbwmwUwe, XvKv|
Rbve gvt dinv`yj Bmjvg
EaZb wekl, GbwmwUwe, XvKv|

RvZxq wkvg 2012

m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m-mwPe

KwgwUZ c`we
AvnevqK
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m-mwPe

4. fwUs KwgwU
wgK

bvg I c`we

1.

evsjv

KwgwUZ c`we
1.
2.

2.

BsiwR

1.
2.

3.

MwYZ

1.
2.

4.

wevb

1.
2.

5.

evsjv`k I wekcwiPq

1.
2.

6.

Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw

1.
2.

7.

cwiek cwiwPwZ

1.
2.

RvZxq wkvg 2012

AavcK Ave`yjvn Avey mvqx`


cwiPvjK, wekmvwnZ K`, XvKv|
cdmi b~iRvnvb eMg
Aa, miKvwi wevb KjR, XvKv|
cdmi Ave`ym myenvb
cvb gnvcwiPvjK, cv_wgK wkv Awa`i, XvKv|
(wm-8, evmv bs-52, ivW bs-6/G, avbgw AvevwmK GjvKv, XvKv)
cdmi gvt kvgmyj nK
cvb Wxb, evsjv`k Dby wekwe`vjq, MvRxcyi (evmv bs-25, GvcvUgU-we-5, ivW bs
68G, jkvb-2, XvKv-1212)
cdmi W. gvt Avyj gwZb
MwYZ wefvM, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
cdmi W. gvt Avym Qvgv`
MwYZ wefvM, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
cdmi W. gvt AvwRRyi ingvb
c`v_wevb wefvM, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
Rbve gvnv` b~i Avjg wmwKx
mnhvMx AavcK, AvBBAvi, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
cdmi W. nvib Di iwk`
ivwevb wefvM, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
W. mq` nvwdRyi ingvb
mnhvMx AavcK, cwiek wevb wefvM
RvnvxibMi wekwe`vjq, mvfvi, XvKv|
cdmi W. gynv` Rvdi BKevj
KwDUvi mvq G Bwwbqvwis wefvM
kvn&Rvjvj wevb I chyw wekwe`vjq, wmjU|
Rbve gvt mwdDj Avjg Lvb
mnKvix AavcK, Z_ chyw BwUwUDU, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
cdmi W. G Gm Gg gvKmy` Kvgvj
f~Z wefvM, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
cdmi W. gvt LexiDxb
cwiek wevb wefvM, RvnvxibMi wekwe`vjq, mvfvi, XvKv|

5. wkvg Dbqb KwgwU


g
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

bvg I c`ex
cdmi W. gvneyeyj nK
evsjv wefvM, PUMvg wekwe`vjq, PUMvg |
cdmi fx`e Paywi
evsjv wefvM, XvKv wekwe`jq, XvKv|
cdmi W. mq` AvwRRyj nK
evsjv wefvM, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
cdmi b~iRvnvb eMg
Aa, miKvix wevb KjR, XvKv|
W. Avyj gvbvb miKvi
cavb mv`K, GbwmwUwe, XvKv|
Rbve cxwZk Kzgvi miKvi
EaZb wekl, GbwmwUwe, XvKv|
Rbve gv. gwZDi ingvb
KvwiKzjvg wekl, GmBGmwWwc,GbwmwUwe, XvKv|

KwgwUZ c`ex
AvnevqK
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
m`m
mg^qKvix

6. mvweK mg^q KwgwU

bvg I c`we

1.

Rbve gvnv` RvwKi nvmb


KvwiKzjvg wekl I GmBGmwWwc dvKvj cqU
KvwiKzjvg WfjcgU BDwbU
RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW, XvKv|
Rbve gvkZvK Avng` fu~Bqv
weZiY wbqK
RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW, XvKv|

2.

KwgwUZ c`we
mvweK
mg^qKvix
mvweK
mg^qKvix

1. f~wgKv
evsjv Avgv`i ivfvlv| G`ki AwaKvsk bvMwiKi gvZfvlvI evsjv| gnvb fvlv Av`vjb I gywhyi PZbv
evsjv fvlvK mymsnZ I mg Kivi iZc~Y f~wgKv iLQ| Avgv`i cvZwnK Rxebi wecyj KgKv,
hvMvhvMi wewP gvag, ivxq KvR evsjv fvlv evcKfve eeZ nQ| GB cvcU evsjv fvlvi iZ
mK wkv_x`i mPZb Kiv hgb Riwi, Zgwb cwgZ evsjv fvlv eenvi Zv`i `Zv ARb mnvqZv KivI
Acwinvh| ^fveZB wkv_xi gvbm MVb, ewZ weKvk Ges mevcwi mswZevb I iwPkxj gvbyl wnme ZvK
Mo Zvjvi Rb evsjv fvlv I mvwnZi cVb-cvVb wekl iZ `vwe Ki| wkv_xiv hvZ ewMZ Rxeb _K
i Ki cvwZvwbK I RvZxq chvq cwgZ evsjv fvlv h_vh_fve cqvM KiZ cvi mw`K j iL G
wkvg cYxZ nqQ|
evsjv`ki eZgvb wkv eevq gvawgK chvqi kl i njv GKv`k-v`k kwY| G ii DjLhvM msLK
wkv_x cieZxKvj DPZi wkv MnYi myhvM cvq; evwK Ask cek Ki KgRMZ| ZvB G ii wkv_xi fvlv
wkv Ggb nIqv DwPZ hvZ m DPZi wkvi c_ mnR GwMq hZ cvi Ges KgRMZ fvlv`ZvK mvdji
m KvR jvMvZ cvi| DPZi wkv wKsev KgRMZi hLvbB G ii wkv_x cek KiK bv Kb, hvM
bvMwiK wnme Zvi KvQ mgvR I ivi AbK cZvkv _vK| `ki mswZ, HwZn I ARb mK mPZb,
gvbweK PZbv I g~jeva DxweZ, AvaywbK chyw-AwfgyLx Ges wevbgb gvbyl wnme wkv_x`i cwZv
RvwZi Kvg| GB weePbv _K GKv`k-v`k kwYi evsjv welqi wkvg wkv_x`i Kbvkw, Abymwrmv,
gvbexq Yvewj I wPvkwK weKwkZ, mymsnZ I cvMmi Kivi cqvm bIqv nqQ| wekl iZ `Iqv nqQ
wkv_xi cvqvwMK fvlv `Zv ARb, mvwnZ I mswZi cwZ AvMn mw, Rxebeva I mRb cwZfvi weKvk mvab
Ges mgZvi Av`k, wevbgbZv I ewkK `wfwZ DxweZ Kivi Ici| G wkvgi Aviv GKwU wekl j
njv, cvVm~wPK h_vme fvigy I Avb``vqK Kiv|

2. Dk
1. evsjv fvlvi ewk, iZ I AwbwnZ kLjv mK aviYv msnZKiY|
2. cwgZ evsjv fvlv eenvi bcyY ARb|
3. evsjv fvlv wkvi iZ Abyaveb Ges cvqvwMK I KggyLx fvlv`Zv ARb|
4. cvVi gge Abyaveb, mvwnZi imvcjw I cvVvfvm AvMnx nIqv|
5. RxebvwfZv I cheYi wewfb welqK ^Kxqfve eYbv Kivi gZv ARb|
6. welqei hywc~Y Dcvcbvq cvi`wkZv ARb|
7. Abymwrmv, Kbvkw I mRbkxjZvi weKvk mvab|
8. bwZKZv, bvq-Abvq weePbv, mvgvwRK g~jeva I PvwiwK Yvewji weKvk mvab|
9. fvlv Av`vjb I gywhyi PZbvi AvjvK `kcg I RvZxqZveva mgybZ ivLZ Dy nIqv|
10. Amv`vwqK PZbv I gvbweK g~jeva DxweZ nIqv|
11. evsjvi mswZ, jvKmswZ I HwZn mK ghv`vc~Y `wfw ARb|
12. mKj gvbyli cwZ mgghv`vi gbvfve cvlY I Zv cwZvq eZx nIqv|
13. cwiek-mPZbZv, wevbgbZv I ewkK `wfwi weKvk mvab|
14. AvaywbK chywi mnvqZvq evsjv fvlv eenvi Dy I mwq nIqv|

wkLbdj, welqe / fvee


1.
evsjv fvlv
wkLbdj
1. evsjv fvlvi mvaviY ewk e KiZ cvie|
2. evsjv fvlvi iZ evLv KiZ cvie|
3. evsjv fvlvi AwbwnZ kLjv evLv KiZ cvie|

2.

welqe / fvee

fvlv bcyY
wkLbdj
1. cwgZ evsjv DPviYi wbqgjv DjL KiZ cvie|
2. cwgZ DPviY h Kvbv iPbv (M` I KweZv) cvV
KiZ cvie|
3. cwgZ evsjv evbvbi wbqgjv DjL KiZ cvie|
4. h Kvbv jLvq cwgZ evsjv evbvbi wbqgjv cqvM
KiZ cvie|
5. evsjv k I evK fve cqvM KiZ cvie|

3.

evsjv fvlvi cwiPq I ewk (evKiY)


evsjv fvlvi iZ (ce / evKiY/ wbwgwZ)
evsjv fvlvi AwbwnZ kLjv : awb, k, evK,
A_, ebv (evKiY)

welqe / fvee

evsjv DPviYi wbqg (evKiY)

(Kg-Abykxjb: M`, KweZv I mncvV)

cwgZ evsjv evbvbi wbqg (evKiY)

(Kg-Abykxjb, wbwgwZ)

evsjv k I evKi AccqvM I cqvM;


(Kg-Abykxjb, evKiY I wbwgwZ)

fvlv wkvi iZ
wkLbdj
1. eenvwiK Rxeb fvlv wkvi cqvRbxqZvi wewfb w`K
eYbv KiZ cvie|
2. wPwVc, `wjj-`veR, viKwjwc, PvKwii `iLv,
cwZe`b, mvimsc, eZv BZvw` wjLZ cvie|
3. gyVvdvb I B-gBj hvMvhvMi Rb evsjv fvlvq
evZv I wPwV wjLZ cvie|
4 ckvmwbK, `vwiK I wewfb we`vmswk cqvRbxq
cwifvlv eenvi KiZ cvie|
5 mnR BsiwRZ jLv AbyQ` evsjvq Abyev` KiZ
cvie|
6. hwZwPi egyLx I evcK eenvi Rb Zv cqvM
KiZ cvie|
7. gy`Ycgv` mskvabi cwZ wkL Zv cqvM KiZ
cvie|
8. wewfb cvmwK welq ce iPbv KiZ cvie|

welqe / fvee

fvlv wkvi cqvRbxqZv


(evKiY /wbwgwZ/ce)
wPwVc, `wjj-`veR, viKwjwc, PvKwii
`iLv, cwZe`b, mvimsc, eZvwelqK
bgybv (wbwgwZ I Kg-Abykxjb)
chywi gvag hvMvhvM
(wbwgwZ I Kg-Abykxjb)
cvwifvwlK k (wbwgwZ/ evKiY/ Kg-Abykxjb)
evbyev` (wbwgwZ/ evKiY/Kg-Abykxjb)
hwZwPi eenvi (wbwgwZ/ evKiY/ Kg-Abykxjb)
gy`Ycgv` mskvabi ixwZ-cwZ (wbwgwZ I
Kg-Abykxjb)
wewfb welq bgybv ce (wbwgwZ)

4.

mvwnZi imvcjw
wkLbdj
1. wbavwiZ cvV Abyaveb Ki Zvi welqe ev gge cKvk
KiZ cvie|
2. cvVm~wPfz mvwnZ cvV Ki wbRi Abyf~wZ e KiZ
cvie|
3. cvVm~wP-ewnf~Z mvwnZ cvV Ki Zvi welqe evLv
KiZ Ges wbRi Abyf~wZ e KiZ cvie|
4. msev`c I c-cwKv BZvw` co welqe eyS
gZvgZ cKvk KiZ cvie|

5.

welqe / fvee

evsjv mvwnZ cvV I mncvV M msKwjZ wewfb


M` I KweZv
evsjv mvwnZ cvV I mncvV M msKwjZ wewfb
M` I KweZv
cvVm~wP-ewnf~Z mvwnZ-wbfi Kg-Abykxjb

msev`c I c-cwKv wfwK Kg-Abykxjb

eYbvq ^KxqZv
wkLbdj
1. cZ NUbv I ewMZ AwfZv wbRi fvlvq eYbv
KiZ cvie|
2. Abyvb I NUbv cheY Ki eYbv I AwfgZ e
KiZ cvie|
3. ivRbvgPv/w`bwjwc wjLZ cvie|

6.

welqe / fvee

hwK Dcvcbv
wkLbdj
1. cwVZ M` / KweZvi g~j ee ev g~jfve wbRi fvlvq
cKvk KiZ cvie|
2. cwVZ welqK hwKfve weklY KiZ cvie|
3. cvih iv Ki welqe eYbv KiZ cvie|
4. Zzjbv I wePvi Ki wbRi AwfgZ cKvk KiZ cvie|

7.

cZ NUbv I gYi eYbv, AZxZ wZPviY ,


HwZnvwmK iZc~Y vb, hv`yNi, gjv BZvw`
cwi`kb I wkvmdii eYbv
(Kg-Abykxjb I wbwgwZ)
bgybv cvV (Kg-Abykxjb)

welqe / fvee

wbavwiZ M` I KweZv (Kg-Abykxjb)

wbavwiZ cwVZ welq (Kg-Abykxjb)


wbavwiZ M` I KweZv (Kg-Abykxjb)
wbavwiZ M` I KweZv (Kg-Abykxjb)

mRbkxjZv
wkLbdj
1. Abymvbg~jK KvRi gvag wbavwiZ welq ejZ I
wjLZ cvie|
2. c` cwiwwZ, welq, msKZ ev iciLvi wfwZ cvV
mmviY ev wbgvY KiZ cvie|
3. Kbvkwi cKvk NwUq msjvc, y` M BZvw`
mRbkxj iPbv ejZ I wjLZ cvie|

welqe / fvee

wbavwiZ welq (Kg-Abykxjb)

wbavwiZ welq (Kg-Abykxjb)

mswk welq bgybv cvV (Kg-Abykxjb)

8.

bwZKZv I g~jeva
wkLbdj
1. ew I mvgvwRK Rxebi KjvYv_ bxwZevai
cqvRbxqZv evLv KiZ cvie|
2. KvR I eenvi bxwZevai cKvk NUvZ cvie|

3. bvq-Abvq wePvi Ki bvqevai c gZvgZ e


KiZ cvie|
4. bvh wmvi c Aevb MnY Kie|

welqe / fvee

5. mvgvwRK g~jeva msiYi iZ evLv KiZ cvie|


6. KvR I eenvi mvgvwRK g~jevai cwZ kv c`kb
Kie|
7. Pwi MVb mr Yvewji f~wgKv weklY KiZ cvie|
8. KvR I AvPiYi gvag mr Ymg~ni weKvk mvab
Kie|

9.

fvlv Av`vjb I gywhy


wkLbdj
1. fvlv Av`vjbi PZbvq `kcg I RvZxqZveva
mgybZ ivLvi iZ evLv KiZ cvie|
2. `kvZevai Dcv`vb wnme gvZfvlv PPvi f~wgKv
mK AvjvKcvZ KiZ cvie|
3. gywhyi PZbvi AvjvK `k I RvwZi cwZ ggZi
iZ e KiZ cvie|

10.

ce/M/KweZv/ Dcbvm/bvUK
(evsjv mvwnZ cvV/mncvV/ wbwgwZ)
ce/M/KweZv/ Dcbvm/bvUK
(evsjv mvwnZ cvV/mncvV/ wbwgwZ)
ce/M/KweZv/ Dcbvm/bvUK
(evsjv mvwnZ cvV/mncvV/ wbwgwZ)
ce/M/KweZv/ Dcbvm/bvUK
(evsjv mvwnZ cvV/mncvV/ wbwgwZ)
ce/M/KweZv/ Dcbvm/bvUK
(evsjv mvwnZ cvV/mncvV/ wbwgwZ)
ce/M/KweZv/ Dcbvm/bvUK
(evsjv mvwnZ cvV/mncvV/ wbwgwZ)
ce/M/KweZv/ Dcbvm/bvUK
(evsjv mvwnZ cvV/mncvV/ wbwgwZ)
ce/M/KweZv/ Dcbvm/bvUK
(evsjv mvwnZ cvV/mncvV/ wbwgwZ)

welqe / fvee

fvlv Av`vjbwelqK ce/ KweZv / M/ Dcbvm /


bvUK (evsjv mvwnZ cvV/mncvV/ wbwgwZ)
gvZfvlvwelqK ce/ KweZv / M/ Dcbvm/ bvUK
(evsjv mvwnZ cvV /mncvV/ wbwgwZ)
gywhywelqK ce/ KweZv / M/ Dcbvm/ bvUK
(evsjv mvwnZ cvV /mncvV/ wbwgwZ)

Amv`vwqK PZbv I gvbweK g~jeva


wkLbdj
1. Amv`vwqK PZbvi Zvrch weklY KiZ cvie|
2. K_vq, AvPiY I KvR Amv`vwqK gbvfvei cKvk
NUvZ cvie|
3. gvbweK g~jevai iZ evLv KiZ cvie|

welqe / fvee

Amv`vwqK PZbvmsewjZ ce /M/ KweZv


(evsjv mvwnZ cvV /mncvV/ wbwgwZ)
(Kg-Abykxjb)
gvbweK g~jevamb ce/M / KweZv
(evsjv mvwnZ cvV /mncvV/ wbwgwZ)

11.

evsjvi mswZ, jvKmswZ I HwZn


wkLbdj

12.

welqe / fvee

1. evsjv`ki mswZi ^ic evLv KiZ cvie|

2. evsjvi jvKmswZi ewP I ewk eYbv KiZ


cvie|
3. evsjvi HwZni cwiPq w`Z cvie Ges m-mK
kvi gbvfve e KiZ cvie|

gvbweK ghv`v
wkLbdj
1. RvwZ, ag, eY, Mv, ckv, z` bMvx wbwekl
mKj gvbyli cwZ mgghv`vi gbvfve e KiZ
cvie|
2. KvR I AvPiY mKj gvbyli cwZ kv c`kb
Kie|
3. wekl Pvwn`vmb gvbyli cwZ mngwgZv I
`vwqZevai iZ evLv KiZ cvie|
4. bvix cyili mgAwaKvi I mgghv`vi f~wgKv e
KiZ cvie|
5. AvPiY, KvR I K_vq bvix-cyili mgvbvwaKvii
cwZ BwZevPK gbvfve c`kb Kie|
6. bvix wkv I bvixi gZvqbi Zvrch evLv KiZ
cvie|
7. myhvM I mnvqZv c`vbi gvag bvix wkv I
gZvqb BwZevPK gbvfve c`kb Kie|
8. wk I emn ^ mvg_i gvbyli cwZ mnvbyf~wZ I
ggZ c`kbi iZ evLv KiZ cvie|
9. mswk KgKv AskMnY I AvPiYi gvag ^
mvg_i gvbyli cwZ mnhvwMZvc~Y gbvfve c`kb
Kie|

13.

evsjv`ki mswZ-welqK ce/ M/ KweZv/


Dcbvm/bvUK (evsjv mvwnZ cvV /mncvV/wbwgwZ)
mswZ-welqK ce/ M/ KweZv/ Dcbvm/bvUK
(evsjv mvwnZ cvV /mncvV/wbwgwZ)
evsjvi jvKmswZ-welqK ce/ M/ KweZv/
Dcbvm/bvUK (evsjv mvwnZ cvV /mncvV/ wbwgwZ)

welqe / fvee

ce/ M/ KweZv/ Dcbvm/ bvUK


(evsjv mvwnZ cvV /mncvV/ wbwgwZ)

ce/ M/ KweZv/ Dcbvm/ bvUK


(evsjv mvwnZ cvV /mncvV/ wbwgwZ)
ce/ M/ KweZv/ Dcbvm/ bvUK
(evsjv mvwnZ cvV /mncvV/ wbwgwZ)
ce/ M/ KweZv/ Dcbvm/ bvUK
(evsjv mvwnZ cvV /mncvV/ wbwgwZ)
ce/ M/ KweZv/ Dcbvm/ bvUK
(evsjv mvwnZ cvV /mncvV/ wbwgwZ)
ce/ M/ KweZv/ Dcbvm/ bvUK
(evsjv mvwnZ cvV /mncvV/ wbwgwZ)
ce/ M/ KweZv/ Dcbvm/ bvUK
(evsjv mvwnZ cvV /mncvV/ wbwgwZ)
ce/ M/ KweZv/ Dcbvm/ bvUK
(evsjv mvwnZ cvV /mncvV/ wbwgwZ)
ce/ M/ KweZv/ Dcbvm/ bvUK
(evsjv mvwnZ cvV /mncvV/ wbwgwZ)

cwiek mPZbZv, wevbgbZv I ewkK `wfw


wkLbdj
1. Rjevqy cwieZbRwbZ mgmv I cwiek msiY welq
mPZbZvi iZ e KiZ cvie|
2. Rxebi mKj chvq wevbgbZv I hywev`x nIqvi
iZ e KiZ cvie|
3. ewkK PZbvi cqvRbxqZv eYbv KiZ cvie|

welqe / fvee

ce/ M/ KweZv (evsjv mvwnZ cvV I wbwgwZ)


ce/ M/ KweZv (evsjv mvwnZ cvV I wbwgwZ)

ce/ M/ KweZv (evsjv mvwnZ cvV I wbwgwZ)

14.

AvaywbK chyw I evsjv fvlv


wkLbdj
1.
2.

3.

1.

AvaywbK chywi mnvqZvq evsjv fvlv cqvMi iZ


evLv KiZ cvie|
AvaywbK chywZ evsjv fvlv eenvii
AMMwZ, mgmv I mvebv mK AvjvKcvZ KiZ
cvie|
AvaywbK chywZ evsjv fvlv eenvi mwqZvi
cwiPq `e|

welqe / fvee

ce / iPbv (evsjv mvwnZ cvV I wbwgwZ)

ce / iPbv (evsjv mvwnZ cvV I wbwgwZ)

(Kg-Abykxjb)

evsjv cvVe wbevPb : mvaviY bxwZgvjv


GKv`k I v`k kwYi evsjv cvVeB cYqbi evsjv fvlv I mvwnZi DrKlgwZ iPbv wekl iZ
cve| G wkv_xi AwRZ fvlv `ZvK AviI mg Kiv Ges mvwnZi wewfb ickwYi im Av^v`b
Zv`i AvMnx Kivi welqwU weePbvq ivLZ ne|
mvwnZi wewfb ickwY I cKiYi m wkv_xK cwiwPZ Kivi j G chvqi cvVwelq wnme ce,
M, Dcbvm, KweZv, bvUK BZvw` Afy ne|
cvVi welqe wbevPb mvwnZi wewfb ickwY I cKiY-ewk weePbvq wbZ ne| G wkv_xi
eqm, aviYgZv I kwY-DchvwMZvi w`K weklfve j ivLZ ne|
evsjv fvlvi ewk I kLjv mK wkv_xi vbK msnZ Kiv Ges evsjv fvlvi KvhKi cqvM ZvK
` Ki Mo Zvjvi j evKiYi cvV web KiZ ne|
cvVeBq mwbewkZ iPbv Kvm cvV`vb-DchvMx nZ ne| wkv_x`i gb AbvKvwZ bwZevPK cfve
djZ cvi Ggb Kvbv cvV wbevPb bv KivB evbxq|
fvlvi cvqvwMK `Zv weKvki j wbwjwLZ welqjvK wbwgwZ Ask Afy KiZ ne|
K. evMaviv, cev`-cePb, AbyQ` I iPbv;
L. mvigg, mvivsk, mvimsc, fvemmviY;
M. fvlY, cwZe`b, evZv I cwjLb;
N. msjvc I z` M;
O. cwifvlv I Abyev`|
cvV-msKjb, iPbv I mv`bvi evsjv GKvWgxi cwgZ evsjv evbvbi wbqg AbymiY KiZ ne|

2. cvVcyK : msKjb I iPbvKkj


cvVcyK
GKv`k-v`k kwYi evsjv wkvg Abyhvqx wbwjwLZ cvVcyK wjwLZ ne :
K.
L.
M.

evsjv mvwnZ cvV (GKv`k-v`k kwY)


evsjv mncvV (GKv`k-v`k kwY)
evsjv evKiY I wbwgwZ (GKv`k-v`k kwY)

cvVcyKjv iPbvi wkvg ewYZ Dk, wkLbdj I welqei Dci wekl iZ Avivc KiZ ne|
K.

evsjv mvwnZ cvV (M`)


1. msKjbi M` Ask wkvg wb`wkZ wkLbdj, fvee/welqe Abyhvqx iPbv msKwjZ ne| wbevwPZ
cvV fvee/welqei m msMwZc~Y nZ ne|
2. iPbvjv cavbZ AvaywbK hyMi wewk I cwZwbwaZkxj jLK`i iPbv _K msKwjZ ne| jLv AekB
gvbmZ nZ ne|
3. wekl cqvRb wkvg Abyyhvqx vb I `Zv ARb mnvqK gvbmb cvV iPbv Ki mwbek KiZ
ne|
4. wkv_xi kwY I eqmi DchvwMZv weePbv Ki Ges bwZK, agxq, mvgvwRK, mvswZK I gvbweK
g~jeva BZvw`i AvjvK cqvRbeva wbevwPZ cvV cwigvRb Kiv hve|
5. evsjv fvlvi wewfb ixwZi m wkv_xi cwiPqK AevnZ ivLvi j mvay I cwgZ PwjZ ixwZZ jLv
iPbv msKjb Afy KiZ ne|
6. M` iPbvi cwimi wkv_xi kwY-DchvwMZv I aviY gZv weePbv Ki Ab~a 3000 ki ga mxwgZ
ivLZ ne| wekl Gi ewZg Kiv hZ cvi|
7. hme cvV `xNKvj ai h_vchy I DrKlgwZ weewPZ nq AvmQ, wkvgi m msMwZc~Y nj mme
cvV cybivq msKjb Kiv hve|
8. M`-Ask KvjvbywgKfve AbwaK 30wU M` iPbv msKwjZ ne| G ii Rb wbavwiZ fvee/welqe
Aej^b mvwnZi wewfb AvwKi DjLhvM iPbvmg~n msKjb KiZ ne| msKwjZ ev iwPZ M`vsk ne
wbic :
K.
M` iPbv/ce
: 12wU
L.
M
: 11wU
M.
Abyev` M
: 1wU
N.
gYKvwnwb
: 1wU
O.
ig/im iPbv/ nvwmi M
: 1wU
P.
wevbwfwK KKvwnwb
: 1wU
Q.
wZK_v/ AvZK_v /w`bwjwc
: 1wU
R.
bvwUKv/bvUvsk
: 1wU

S.
jvKKvwnwb
: 1wU
M` msKjb M CkiP` we`vmvMii Kvj _K mvwZKKvj ch jLK`i M` iPbv _K cvV wbevPb
KiZ ne| jvKKvwnwbi Gi ewZg NUZ cvi|
9. Abykxjb chvq cwZwU M` iPbvi kl jLK cwiwPwZ, kv_, UxKv, mvwnZi ickwYMZ cwiPq, KgAbykxjb Ges wewfb aibi ck _vKe| jLK cwiwPwZ mvaviYfve 150 ki ewk bv nIqvB kq|
we.`. evsjv mvwnZ cvVi msKwjZ 30 wU M` _K 12wU M` (6wU ce, 6wU M) cvVm~wPZ Afy KiZ ne|
cwZ 2/3 eQi cici H cvVm~wPZ 4wU Ki M`i cwieZb NUe|
fvee / welqe
K.
M`
fvee

welqe

1.

`kcg

K. fvlv Av`vjb
L. ^vwaKvi I ^vaxbZv msMvg
M. Dbmii MYAfzvb
N. gywhy
O. evsjvi wece Mv_v
P. `ki Rb AvZZvM

2.

PvwiwK Yvewj

K. mZZv
L. KZewbv
M. bvqcivqYZv
N. ZvMawgZv
O. jvKKjvY
P. wkvPvi
Q. bwZKZv
R. g~jeva
S. Kgwbv
T. cigZmwnzZv
U. wevbgbZv
V. AvaywbK Rxeb I bwZKZv
W. wevb I bwZKZv
X. chywi menvi

3.

mvgvwRK g~jeva I gvbweKZv

K. gnvbyfeZv
L. Amv`vwqK Rxebeva
M. kvwc~Y mnvevb

N. mngwgZv
O. gvbweK g~jeva
P. elg `~ixKiY
Q. mvg I gx
4.

evsjv`ki gvbyl I cKwZ

K. evsjv`ki cvKwZK ewk


L. evsjv`ki FZzewP
M. cKwZ I RbRxeb
N. Rxeb I RxweKv

5.

wkv

K. wkvi j I Av`k
L. wkv I g~jeva
M. Rxebevcx wkv
N. ewg~jK wkv
O. KggyLx wkv
P. wkv I Dbqb

6. mswZ I HwZn

K. mswZ
L. jvKmswZ
M. evsjvi mvgvwRK Drme
N. jvKDrme
O. jvKmvwnZ
P. jvKwk
Q. z` bMvxi mswZ

7. wevb, chyw I cwiek

K. wekmw
L. Z_chyw
M. wRbchyw
N. Rxecwiek
O. cwiek msiY
P. Rjevqy cwieZb
Q. RxeewP msiY
R. cvKwZK fvimvg
S. `yhvM eevcbv
T. awix iv

8. fvlv I mvwnZ

K. evsjv fvlv
L. evsjv mvwnZ
M. evsjv`ki mvwnZ
N. gvZfvlv
O. mvwnZ I wevb

P. mvwnZ I mgvR
Q. mvwnZi fvlv
R. mvwnZ cvVi Avb`
S. evsjv fvlv I Z_chyw
9. eve AwfZv

K. gY
L. wkv mdi
M. HwZnevnx vb cwi`kb
N. gjv I Drmei AwfZv
O. Mvg I knii Rxeb
P. wZPviY

10. RxebwP

K. cvwK / wbeMi Rxeb


L. wecb Rxeb

11. gvbyli mgghv`v

K. bvbv RvwZ/bvbv ag/bvbv eY/bvbv ckvi gvbyl


L. bvix cyili mgAwaKvi I mgghv`v
M. bvix wkv I bvixi gZvqb
N. wk AwaKvi
O. cexY Rxeb
P. wekl Pvwn`vmb gvbyl

we.`. wkvgi wkLbdji Pvwn`v Abyhvqx DwjwLZ welqi evBi bZzb fvee / welqei wfwZ wjwLZ
ce/wbe/M/Dcbvmi Askwekl/bvUKi Askwekl msKjb Kiv hZ cvi|
L.

evsjv mvwnZ cvV (KweZv)


1. KvjvbywgKfve KweZv wbevPbi Rb wbw` bxwZgvjvi AvjvK evsjv fvlvi LvwZgvb Kwe`i KweZv
msKjb KiZ ne| gahyM _K ( lvjv _K AvVvi kZK) 2 Rb Kwei KweZvmn AvaywbK Kvji
AbwaK 30wU KweZv msKwjZ ne| msKjb iex`bv_ VvKzi I KvRx bRij Bmjvgi GKvwaK KweZv
msKjb Kiv hve|
2. KweZv wbevPb welqewP, imewP, Q`ewP, AvwKewP iv KiZ ne|
3. KweZvi cKiY wePvi MxwZKweZv, KvwnwbKweZv, bvUKweZv, mbU, KvebvU, bvUKxq gbvK_bg~jK
KweZv, gnvKvei Ask BZvw` mwbekbi welqwU weePbv KiZ ne|
4. Q`i w`K _K Aie, gvve, cqvi, gyK Q`i KweZv I M` KweZv msKjb KiZ ne|
5. kwK DrKl weePbvq ivLZ ne|
6. Abykxjb chvq cwZwU KweZvi kl Kwe cwiwPwZ, kv_, UxKv, mvwnZi ickwYMZ cwiPq, KgAbykxjb Ges wewfb aibi ck _vKe| Kwe cwiwPwZ mvaviYfve 150 ki ewk bv nIqvB kq|
we.`. evsjv mvwnZ cvVi msKwjZ 30 wU KweZv _K 12wU KweZv cvVm~wPZ Afy KiZ ne| cwZ 2/3
eQi cici H cvVm~wPZ 4wU Ki KweZvi cwieZb NUe|

KweZv
fvee

welqe

1. wbmM

K. evsjvi icewP
L. b`x I Zvi m`h
M. evsjvi FZzewP
N. evsjvi cKwZ
O. gvbeRxeb I cKwZ
P. cKwZi cwZ ggZ

2. gvZfvlv evsjv fvlv

K. gvZfvlvi gvayh I gn
L. fvlvi gwngv
M. fvlv Av`vjb

3. `kcg

K. gywhy I ^vaxbZv
L. gywhyi MieMv_v
M. evsjv`k welqK KweZv
N. `ki Rb Ae`vb
O. `ki Rb AvZZvM

4. bxwZ I g~jeva

K. PvwiwK Yvewj (webq, mRb, ggZv, mZZv, KZewbv, bxwZwbv,


bvqcivqYZv, Kgwbv)

5. gvbweKZv

K. gnvbyfeZv
L. gvbemev
M. gvbeKjvY
N. gvbegwngv
O. Amv`vwqKZv
P. mngwgZv
Q. mvZZ
R. gvbweK g~jeva

6. msK / Dxcbv

K. AvZmsK
L. Kgvxcbv
M. msMvgkxjZv

N. my`i fwelZi icK


O. ^cgqZv
7. RxebwP

K. MvgxY Rxeb
L. bMi Rxeb
M. cvwK/wbeMi Rxeb
N. wecb Rxeb

8. cwiek

K. Rxecwiek
L. Rjevqy
M. RxeewP

9. gvbyli mgghv`v

K. bvbv RvwZ/bvbv ag/bvbv eY/bvbv ckvi gvbyl


L. bvix cyili mgAwaKvi I mgghv`v
M. bvix wkv I bvixi gZvqb
N. wk AwaKvi
O. cexY Rxeb
P. wekl Pvwn`vmb gvbyl

10. wekkvw I KjvY

K. wekkvw
L. wekKjvY
M. wekvZZ
N. ewkK PZbv
O. awix iv

11. evsjv`k : BwZnvm I HwZn

K. evsjv`ki BwZnvm I HwZn

12. gnr Rxeb

K. ZvMx/gbxlx/mgvRmex

13. c-cvwLi cwZ ggZv

K. MncvwjZ c/eb c/AwZw_ cvwL

14. ei cwZ ggZv

K. ei cwZ ggZv

15. gvbyli cwZ kveva

K. wewfb kwY-ckvi gvbyli cwZ kveva


L. kgRxex gvbyli cwZ kveva

we.`. wkvgi wkLbdji Pvwn`v Abyhvqx bZzb fvee / welqei wfwZ iwPZ KweZv msKjb Kiv hZ cvi|

M.

evsjv mncvV
GKv`k-v`k kwYi wkv_x`i mRbkxj mvwnZi wewfb ickwYi m cwiwPZ Kiv, Zv`i fvlvm`
ew, mvwnZ cvV AvMn mw I mRbkxj jLvq Drmvnx Ki Zvjvi j AvewkK evsjv welqi AMZ
mncvV eBqi c_gvsk GKwU Dcbvm I wZxqvsk GKwU bvUK _vKe|

Dcbvm
1.
2.
3.

4.
5.
6.

evsjv`ki RxebwP cwZdwjZ nqQ Ggb GKwU DjLhvM evsjv Dcbvm (ev Zvi mswcZ
ic) wbevPb KiZ ne|
DcbvmwU 60 nvRvi ki AwaK ne bv Ges eBwU 12 cqU KwDUvi UvBc gyw`Z Aevq
AbwaK 144 cvi ga ne|
DcbvmwUi GKwU f~wgKv-Ask _vKe| f~wgKv-Ask mnR I mvejxj fvlvq wbwjwLZ welqjv
_vKe :
K. wbevwPZ Dcbvm I JcbvwmKi msw cwiwPwZ ;
L. Dcbvm wPwZ mgvR I Pwi mK AvjvPbv ;
M. Dcbvm weaZ Rxebeva ;
N. DcbvmwUi mvgwMK g~jvqb;
DcbvmwU kwY-DchvMx Ki mvw`Z ne| g~j fvlvixwZ wVK iL DcbvmwUK msc Kiv
Pje|
DcbvmwUi cwiwk-Ask KwVb I wewk A_evaK ki evLv I UxKv-wUbx _vKe|
DcbvmwUi f~wgKv-Ask 24 cv Ges kv_ I UxKv-wUbx Ask 12 cvi AwaK ne bv|

bvUK
1.
2.
3.
4.

5.
6.

mncvV MwUi wZxqvsk GKv ev wZb Ai c~Yv GKwU DjLhvM bvUK (ev Zvi mswcZ
ic) wbevPb KiZ ne|
evsjv`ki RxebwP, mvgvwRK ev HwZnvwmK Kvwnwb, jvKKvwnwb, RxebPwiZ BZvw` Aej^b
bvUKwU iwPZ nZ cvi|
bvUKwU AekB gwjK bvUK ne| Dcbvm ev QvUMi bvUic wKsev icvi G weewPZ
ne bv|
bvUKwUZ GKwU f~wgKv _vKe| f~wgKv-Ask mnR I mvejxj fvlvq wjwLZ ne| f~wgKv-Ask
wbwjwLZ welqMyjv _vKe :
K. wbevwPZ bvUK I bvUKvii cwiwPwZ ;
L. bvUKi welq I Pwi mK msw AvjvKcvZ ;
M. bvUKwUi mvgwMK g~jvqb ;
bvUKwU GKv`k-v`k kwYi wkv_xi DchvMx Ki mvw`Z ne|
g~j bvUKwU 80 cvi ewk ne bv| kmsLv ne AbwaK 30 nvRvi, f~wgKv-Ask 16 cv Ges
kv_, UxKv-wUbx 12 cvq mxgve _vKe|

N.

evsjv evKiY I wbwgwZ


1.
GKv`k-v`k kwYi Rb GKwU evsjv evKiY I wbwgwZ-M cvV ne| GwU `ywU Ask wef ne|
c_g Ask _vKe evKiY I wZxq Ask _vKe wbwgwZ|
2.
evKiY MwU eYbvg~jK cwZ AbymiY Ki iwPZ ne| GwU ne g~jZ cwgZ PwjZ fvlv ixwZi
evKiY| Ze GZ mvay fvlv ixwZ I Dcfvlv mK msw AvjvPbv _vKe|
3.
G evKiY iPbvq msZ evKiY ixwZi wbwePvi AbymiY h_vme cwinvi KiZ ne|
4.
wkvg ewYZ mswk wkLbdj AbymiY Ki MwU iwPZ ne|
5.
evKiY iPbvi evsjv GKvWgx cKvwkZ cwgZ evsjv fvlvi evKiY, mybxwZKzgvi Pvcvavq
I W. gyn` knx`yjvn, W. Gbvgyj nK, gybxi Payix cgyLi evKiY Mmn DjLhvM evKiY
AbymiY Kiv hZ cvi|
6.
MwUZ wbwjwLZ welqmg~n AvjvwPZ ne :
(K)

evKiY I evKiY cvVi iZ

evsjv fvlvi evKiY : welqe I cwiwa


evKiY cvVi iZ
(L)

evsjv fvlv

evsjv fvlvi cwiPq, ewk Ges iZ


evsjv fvlvi wewfb ic I ixwZ
K_ I jL
K_ : AvwjK Dcfvlv
mgvR Dcfvlv
cwgZ PwjZ K_
jL : mvay I cwgZ jL (PwjZ) fvlvixwZ
(M)

awbwevb I evsjv awbZ

awb I eY, eYgvjv I wjwc


^iawb I ^ieY, ebawb I ebeY
^iawbi cwiPq
^iawbg~j, AvbybvwmK ^iawb, Aa^iawb, w^iawb
ebawbi cwiPq
ebawbg~j, eb, bvwmK ebawb, KwZ ebawb, ZvwoZ ebawb, cvwkK
ebawb, D ebawb, hy ebawb, hyM ebawb
evsjv DPviYi wbqg
evsjv evbvbi wbqg
(N)
icZ
evKiwYK kkwYi (c`) msw AvjvPbv
wekl, mebvg, weklY, wqv, wqvweklY, AveMk, hvRK, AbymM

kMVbi Dcvq
DcmM, cZq, mw, mgvm, mwi f~wgKvmn kwZ
c (cyil ev cvimb)
evsjv kfvvi I evsjv ki Drm
(O)
evKZ
evKi aviYv I msv_
Dk I weaq
Dk I weaq Ges G`i mmviY
evKi kwYwefvM
MVbMZ : mij, hwMK, RwUj
A_MZ : weewZ evK (^xKwZ evK I A^xKwZ evK), ck evK, Abyv evK, AveM evK
c`g
Dw (cZ Dw I civ Dw)
hwZwP
(P)

evM_Z

A_ cwieZb
A_i kwYwefvM
A_ cmvi, A_ msKvP, A_ e`j
ebv_
Awfav (mij A_)
ebv (wZhK A_)
evsjv fvlvi AccqvM I cqvM
O.

wbwgwZ
GKv`k-v`k kwYi wkvg ewYZ wkLbdj Abyhvqx wbwgwZ-Ask cYxZ ne| GZ wbwjwLZ welqjv
Afy KiZ ne :
K.
wewkv_K k : mgv_K k, wfbv_K k, mgvPvwiZ I cvq-mgvPvwiZ k, wecixZv_K
k
L.
evK msKvPb
M.
evM&aviv
N.
cev`-cePb
O.
cwifvlv
P.
Abyev`
Q.
AbyQ` iPbv
R.
w`bwjwc wjLb
S.
AwfZv eYb
T.
fvlY wjLb

U.
V.
W.
X.
Y.
Z.
_.
`.
a.

cwZe`b wjLb
e`ywZb wPwV (B-gBj) I y` evZv wjLb
c, Ave`bc (Rxebevmn), gvbc wjLb
mvivsk, mvigg I mvimsc wjLb
fvemmviY
msjvc wjLb
y` M wjLb
ce-wbe wjLb
cd mskvab wb`wkKv

we. `. ce-wbe iPbvi M` I KweZvi fvee/welqe weePbvq ivLZ ne|

b^i eUb
1g c 100 b^i|
mRbkxj ck- 60
e wbevPbx ck- 40

c_g c M`, KweZv I Dcbvm eZgvb cPwjZ AvQ|


wZxq c 100 b^i| GigabvUK20 b^i
evKiY30 b^i
ce20 b^i
c10 b^i
fvlY/cwZe`b10 b^i
fvemmviY10 b^i

gvU = 100 b^vi

eZgvb bvUKi 20 b^ii eUb cPwjZ AvQ


2wU iPbvg~jK cki 1wU2wU msw cki 1wU2wU evLvi ga 1wU-

10 b^i
5 b^i
5 b^i

gvU = 25 b^vi

jLK`i Rb mvaviY wb`kbv


welqe Dcvcb (Content Presentation)
1. cvVcyK cYqbi mgq welqe mnR, evaMg I PwjZ fvlvq kwY DchvMx Ki wjLZ ne| cwZwU Aavq
I welqei mv_ wcwiqW msLv wbavwiZ iqQ| m Abyhvqx `ZvwfwK wkLbdji AvjvK welqeK
Ggbfve myweb KiZ ne hvZ wcwiqW gvZveK Zv mb Kiv me nq|
2. cvVcyKi welqei fvlv cvj Ges mnReva nZ ne| G kwY-DchvwMKiYi wePvieva mPZb
nZ ne|
3. cvVcyK AavqwfwK Dcvcb KiZ ne| (cwZwU Aavq cqvRbxqmsLK wkv_xi Kgc Zwi KiZ
ne| Kgc nZ ne wkLbdj cwic~iY Ki Ggb KvR hv kwYZ mb Kiv me nq|)
4. cwZwU Aavq jLvi mgq wkLb i (eywewq- vb, Abyaveb, cqvM, I DPZi `Zv; AveMxq I
gbvcwkR ) cwZdjb welqeiga iqQ wKbv m mK jLKMYK me`v mPZb _vKZ ne|
5. jLvi aib Ggb nZ ne hvZ welqe Abyavebi ga w`q wkv_x gywhyi PZbv, ivxq Av`k I
mvgvwRK g~jeva mwKZ aviYv ARbi gvag gvbweK I bwZK g~jeva mb fwelZ bvMwiK wnme
Mo DVZ cvi|
6. RvwZ, ag, Mv, eY wbwekl KviI Abyf~wZZ AvNvZ jvMZ cvi Ggb Kvbv k ev evK eenvi Kiv hve
bv|
7. `ZvwfwK wkLbdj Abyhvqx welqe eYbv KiZ ne hvZ wkv_xi mRbkxjZvi weKvk me nq| bvU
wKsev MvBW eBqi vBj cqU wfwK (KviY, cfve, cwZKvi ,f~wgKv,cqvRbxqZv cfwZ)welqe Dcvcb
Kiv hve bv|
8. cwZwU Aavq kl AbykxjbxZ Kgc 1wU mRbkxj ck Ges vb, Abyaveb, cqvM I DPZi `Zv i
c~iY Ki Ggb wZb aibi ewbevPbx ck mshvRb KiZ ne|
9. Rvi mgZv iv Ki cvVe (Text Material) iwPZ ne|
10. wbfihvM Drm _K nvj bvMv` Z_-Dcv msMn Ki mswk cvV mshvwRZ ne|
11. Z, wewa, m~, wbqg-cwZ Dcvcbvi eve Rxebi NUbv DjL Ki wKsev Rxeb Nwb D`vniYi
mvnvh wjLZ ne|
evbvb I fvlvixwZ (Spelling & Language Rule)
12. evsjv GKvWgxi evbvb ixwZ AbymiY KiZ ne|
13. fvlv nZ ne mnR, cvj I kwY DchvMx|
Aavq wb`kbv (Chapter Instruction)
14. Aavqmg~ni wfb wfb wkivbvg iqQ| jLKMY Aavq wkivbvg DjL Ki welqe Dcvcb Kieb Ges
Aavq wkivbvg, aviYvmg~ni BsiwR cwZk eenvi KiZ ne|
15. m~wPc Aavqi AMZ cwZwU welq (hv wkvg DwjwLZ) cv b^imn DjL Kieb|
cvVcyK Dcvcb (Text Book Presentation)
16. cvVcyKi Kfvi cv mswk welqi fveavivi AvwK AvKlYxq cQ` eenvi KiZ ne|
17. Aavq b^i 14, Aavq wkivbvg 24, nW wkivbvg 16, mvenW wkivbvg 14, welqe dU mvBR 13 webvm
Ai mvBR Ges jvBb m 1.2 AbymiY Ki cwZwU Aavq Dcvcb KiZ ne|
18. Aavqi welqei mv_ mswk Qwe/wP/mviwY/gvbwP BZvw` cvmwK, AvKlYxq I nZ ne|
19. cZK welqi 100 b^ii ci Rb cv msLv 230-240 (Kg-ewk) Gi ga nZ ne|