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Nobel Prize in Chemistry for 2014

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to


award the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for 2014 to
Eric Betzig
Janelia arm Research Cam!"s# $oward $"%hes &edical
'nstit"te# Ashb"rn# (A# )SA#
Stefan W. Hell
&a* Planc+ 'nstit"te for ,io!hysical Chemistry#
-.ttin%en# and -erman Cancer Research Center#
$eidelber%# -ermany
and
William E. Moerner
Stanford )ni/ersity# Stanford# CA# )SA
for the development of super-resolved
fuorescence microscopy
--! "he #oyal $%edish &cademy of $ciences announced on
'ednesday that for a lon( time) optical microscopy %as held
bac* by a presumed limitation+ that it %ould never obtain a
better resolution than half the %avelen(th of li(ht,
--! -elped by fuorescent molecules) the Nobel laureates in
Chemistry 2014 in(eniously circumvented this limitation, "heir
(round-brea*in( %or* has brou(ht optical microscopy into the
nano dimension,
--! .n %hat has become *no%n as nanoscopy) scientists
visualize the path%ays of individual molecules inside livin(
cells, "hey can see ho% molecules create synapses bet%een
nerve cells in the brain/ they can trac* proteins involved in
Par*inson0s) &lzheimer0s and -untin(ton0s diseases as they
a((re(ate/ they follo% individual proteins in fertilized e((s as
these divide into embryos,
--! .t %as all but obvious that scientists should ever be able to
study livin( cells in the tiniest molecular detail, .n 1123) the
microscopist 4rnst &bbe stipulated a physical limit for the
ma5imum resolution of traditional optical microscopy+ it could
never become better than 0,2 micrometres,
--! &mericans 6etzi( and 7oerner and 8erman scientist -ell
have been a%arded the Nobel prize in chemistry 2014 for
havin( bypassed this limit, 9ue to their achievements the
optical microscope can no% peer into the nano%orld, "%o
separate principles are re%arded,