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METHOD STATEMENT FOR BORED PILING

GENERAL
The method statement for bored piling below describes the whole construction
procedures including material and equipment required for the construction of
bored cast-in-situ piles
Detail of the procedures contained herein maybe reiewed periodically and
modified based on actual requirement
The piles to be constructed will be of a nominal specified diameter! bored through
oerlying soils to found in the bedroc" strata or remain in the soil to act as shaft
friction and end bearing piles# The piles are designed by the Engineer to resist
a$ial compressie loads#
BORED PILES CONSTRUCTION
The pile boring operations shall be performed using the suitable rotary drill rigs
depends on the diameter! depth! soil condition and construction method#
%f necessary! the bore-holes shall be stabili&ed with a temporary casing in the
upper layer 'depends on soil and site condition( #The length of the casing will be
determined from the actual soil condition encountered on site# )entonite shall be
used for unstable subsoil condition and for piles equal and more than *+,,mm
diameter#
SETTING OUT
The location of permanent bored piles shall be set out and pegged by the subcontractor-s
sureyor based on approed setting out drawings from consultant and control points at site# The
sureying details of each location to be recorded incorporating reduced leel and coordinates#
Each indiidually sureyed pile position shall be protected from disturbance prior to
commencement of boring wor"s#
Two reference points to be installed equidistant at not less than .#,m from the pile centre
location# A pilot hole of about /-0metre deep shall be drilled at the pile location# The eccentricity
and alignment of the pilot hole is then chec"ed#
DRILLING
1rior to commencing any operations! the client representatie will be required to
erify all associated technical information such as presence of serices! pile
coordinates! platform and cut-off leels! alidity of drawings etc#
Then! if necessary! after accurately setting out of the pile location by a land
sureyor! a temporary casing will be set in position with length of casing to be
determined from ground condition# The ertical accuracy of the casing will be
chec"ed during the installation process using . numbers of plumb bob#
E$caation of the soil inside the casing2bored holes will be carried out using the
rotary "elly bar and the auger or buc"et method#
The drilling process will be continued to the designed founding depth or to the
commencement of roc" head leel by using augers and drilling buc"ets#
1ile lengths shall be as per the current construction drawings or as otherwise
instructed by the client2Engineer#
At the point of encountering the roc" 'as define in the contract specification( head
leel! for e$amples! where the soil drilling tools are unable to penetrate the strata
any further! boring shall cease in order that the client-s representatie may erify
the occurrence and confirm the roc" soc"eting criteria#
3or drilling through roc"! roc" drilling tools shall be applied# This shall include
roc" auger! core barrels! 'round shan"! roller bit( cross cutters and where
necessary! chisels#
The final toe leel of the pile shall be erified by the client-s representatie# A
detailed record of all encountered ground conditions together with the associated
times and type of equipment and materials used will be recorded in the 41ile )ore
Log-#
5pon reaching the final depth! loose and re-moulded material and debris will be
remoed using 4cleaning buc"et-# The cleaning buc"et is a specially design flat
bottom buc"et which will pic" up all the loose material at the bottom of the hole#
The based of the hole shall be chec"ed by the measuring the depth of the base#
BENTONITE
The bentonite is delivered to site in 50kg per bags, which are stored under cover. The bentonite is
mixed by high turbulence mixers and the slurry is stored in a pool. The size of the pool shall
have a storage capacity of about 400 cu.m.
laboratory is provided on site for regular testing of the slurry. The minimum fre!uency of
testing and the acceptable range of physical characteristics of the bentonite slurry are given in
ppendix ". #aboratory reports are kept during the construction period.
pparatus available in the site laboratory includes the following$
" mud balance %density test&
" marsh cone % viscosity test&
" sand screen set % sand content test&
'aper for measuring 'h
(ontaminated bentonite slurry will be discarded by mixing with the earth and transport to
dumping area.
)entonite will be used as a drilling fluid to stabilize the bored hole. *uring the boring process,
the bentonite slurry is kept as high as possible within the casing and well above the existing
ground water
+pon completion of boring, the bottom of the bored hole is thoroughly cleaned with the cleaning
bucket prior to recycling of the bentonite. submersible turbine pump attached to the tremie
pipe is lowered to the bottom of the bored hole. The bentonite, loaded with soil particles in
suspension, is drawn off from the bottom of the bored hole and recycled through a (aviem or
e!uivalent recycling unit. The process is continued until the bentonite arriving from the base of
bored hole had been flush out.
INSTALLATION OF STEEL CAGE
The reinforcement cage will be fabricated in lay-down sections# The length! type
and si&e of the steel cage will be according to contract drawings and
specifications#
The cages will be proided with stiffening rings and others accessories to enable
handling! lifting and installation without permanent deformations#
6ages will be installed into the bored hole using a serice crane of the required
lifting capacity
6oncrete spacers wired to the cage shall proide lateral support and ensure
adequate concrete coer# 7pacers shall be placed at / equal leels of each *.m
cage with / nos at each leel# %f the diameter of bored pile more than .,,,mm
the spacers shall be placed more than / nos to be adised by consultant
representatie#
CONCRETING
All pile shall then be concreted by using the 4tremie- method#
6oncrete of higher slump '8*9:mm;.:mm( shall be used for 4tremie- method#
The self-compacting mi$ed concrete will be discharged through a tremie pipe!
which is lowered centrally to the bottom of the bored hole prior to filling it with
concrete# 6oncrete leel of the borehole was recorded after each concrete truc"
discharged and graph will be plotting against theoretical#
<ne length shall be continuously embedded in the concrete during this process
to ensure that the discharge of concrete is below the leel of the impurities! which
might be present in the top part of the rising head of concrete#
All testing and sampling of the concrete shall be carried out as instructed by the
Engineer or Engineer-s representatie# A complete record of all cubes ta"en shall
be maintained in a proper form and slump test results shall be recorded on the
4Deliery <rder- and the 41ile )ore Log-# All compressie concrete tests will be
carried out at the supplier-s laboratory and independent lab# The client will be
notified of the dates of the test by regular issuance in order the tests maybe
witnessed#
3or a continuous assurance of concrete quality and integrity! concrete will be
poured to minimum ,#0m aboe the theoretical cut-off leel#
All completed piles shall be temporarily barricaded and to be bac"filled to ground
leel with a suitable material the ne$t day#
SPOIL REMOVAL
7poil from piles will be cleared from the boring locations by means of an
e$caator as boring proceeds#
Depending on the olume of spoil e$caated! it will be remoed to stoc"pile area
or spoil pit! for drying before loading and remoed off-site#