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Types of Volcanoes Guided Notes page 480

Do not write on this copy. Transfer the questions into your notebook in Cornell style and use your book to find the answers.

What is the relationship between craters, calderas, vents, and
magma?
Theyre all parts of a volcano
How does a crater lake form? (words and pictures)
A volcano can only go through so many eruptions before it gives
in. When it can no longer sustain any more eruptions, it
collapses onto itself and sinks then overtime gets filled with
water creating a lake.
What two factors does a volcanos appearance depend upon?
Type of material that forms the volcano and the type of
eruptions that occur
What characteristics vary among volcanoes?
Shield, cinder-cone, and composite volcanoes
Complete the following table in your notes:
Type of
Volcano
Materials &
Description
Sketch Example
Shield
Forms when
layers of basalt
lava pile up
during
nonexplosive
eruptions. This
volcano is wide,
with a nonsteep
slope, and a
circular base.

Mauna
Loa
Cinder-Cone
Material that is
ejected into the
air falls back
down and piles
up around the
spot it is
ejected from.
Usually small

Types of Volcanoes Guided Notes page 480
Do not write on this copy. Transfer the questions into your notebook in Cornell style and use your book to find the answers.

compared to
the others.
Composite
(Stratovolcano)
When layers of
volcanic
fragments
alternate with
lava. They are
larger than
cinder-cone
volcanoes and
are actually
harmful to
humans and the
environment

Mount
Rainier

How do the volcanoes compare in terms of size and slope?
Shield volcanoes are the largest and cinder-cones are the
smallest. In the middle are composite volcanoes.
What factors cause differences in size and slope?
The different kinds of material theyre made form, the
vegetation that grows on its slope, the climate, and the eruptive
history
What is tephra?
Rock fragments that are thrown into the air during a volcanic
eruption
What is a pyroclastic flow?
Gas, ash, and other kinds of tephra that flow down a slope at
high speeds
Where are most volcanoes found?
Plate boundaries: 80% found along convergent boundaries, 15%
along divergent boundaries, and only the remaining 5% arent
found near plate boundaries
Types of Volcanoes Guided Notes page 480
Do not write on this copy. Transfer the questions into your notebook in Cornell style and use your book to find the answers.

Use the maps provided to show: (1) the Circum Pacific Belt and the
Mediterranean Belt where convergent volcanism occur and (2) the
Hawaiian Emperor Volcanic Chain.
How do hotspots form?
Are hot regions of Earths mantle where high-temperature
plumes of mantle material rise toward the surface
What do hotspots tell us about tectonic plates?
Theyre the most heated part of the Earth and can only
sustain so much heat that it has to be sent somewhere