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An automobile manufacturing plant produced vehicles today: were sedans, were do it on paper

vans, and were trucks. Plant managers are going to choose two of these vehicles for

thorough inspection. The first vehicle will be chosen at random, and then the second vehicle

will be chosen at random from the remaining vehicles. What is the probability that two sedans

will be selected?

Report your answer as an exact fraction.

A business school is preparing an informational booklet for entering graduate students. Part of this

material is a report on how various factors influence a student's GPA (grade point average). In

particular, the school used a multiple regression model to study the relationship between graduate

GPA and several independent variables . If data from current graduate students are used to

develop the regression model, what are the degrees of freedom (df) for the regression sum of

squares, the error sum of squares, and the total sum of squares?

df for the regression sum of squares?

df for the error sum of squares?

df for the total sum of squares?

Identifying degrees of freedom

Suppose that we want to estimate the number of holding penalties assessed during a college

football game. The sample of games we pick has a mean of 3.3 penalties per game and a standard

deviation of 0.8 penalties per game. For each of the following sampling scenarios, determine which

test statistic is appropriate to use when making inference statements about the population mean.

(In the table, Z refers to a variable having a standard normal distribution, and T refers to a

variable having a t distribution.)

Selecting a distribution for inferences on the population mean

p actual proportion

n number of sample Binary trials distribution

c acceptance number

x number selected/found in the sample

40

c 3

p 0.16

#NUM!

Personal computer manufacturers often buy many of the components in their computers from outside suppliers. One such

company purchases memory chips from a supplier who ships the chips in large lots containing several hundred chips each.

When a lot is received, a random sample of the chips is selected and tested on an automated machine to see if they can

perform several tasks. If too many of the chips in the sample fail to pass the testing, the company rejects the entire lot and

returns it to the supplier.

Suppose that the computer company wants to use a sampling plan that has a probability of of rejecting lots that consist of

defective or worse. If the company uses an acceptance number of , find the minimum sample size that will give a probability

of at least of rejecting lots that are defective or worse.

(If necessary, consult a list of formulas. Also note that the ALEKS calculator allows you to compute binomial probabilities.)

Acceptance sampling

Personal computer manufacturers often buy many of the components in their computers from outside suppliers. One such

company purchases memory chips from a supplier who ships the chips in large lots containing several hundred chips each.

When a lot is received, a random sample of the chips is selected and tested on an automated machine to see if they can

perform several tasks. If too many of the chips in the sample fail to pass the testing, the company rejects the entire lot and

returns it to the supplier.

Suppose that the computer company wants to use a sampling plan that has a probability of of rejecting lots that consist of

defective or worse. If the company uses an acceptance number of , find the minimum sample size that will give a probability

of at least of rejecting lots that are defective or worse.

(If necessary, consult a list of formulas. Also note that the ALEKS calculator allows you to compute binomial probabilities.)

Bayes theorem

p(defective | A 0.2

p(defective | B 0.19

P(B) 0.75

P(A) 0.25

ANSWER 0.26

0.74

p(blind | men 6

P(M) 100

p(blind | women 25

P(F) 10,000

0.96 male is colorblind CHOOSE ONE

0.04 female is colorblind

P(desease) 0.27

In a factory, only two machines, A and B, manufacture washers. Neither machine is perfect:

machine A produces defective washers20%of the time, while machine B produces

defectives17%of the time. Machine B is more efficient than machine A and accounts

for80%of the total output of washers. For purposes of quality control, a sample of washers is

taken and examined for defectives. Compute the probability that a randomly chosen washer

found to be defective was manufactured by machine A. Round your answer to two decimal

places.

probability that a randomly chosen washer found to be defective was manufactured

by machine A

Suppose that 6 men in 100 are colorblind, while 24 women in 10,000 are colorblind. Compute the probability that a colorblind individual is male.

Assume that the population contains an equal number of males and females. Round your answer to two decimal places

A certain disease occurs in47%of the population. A test for the disease is fairly accurate: it misclassifies people with the

disease as healthy4%of the time and reports that a healthy person is diseased just6%of the time. Suppose that a person

tests positive for the disease. Compute the probability that the person does indeed have the disease. Round your answer to two

decimal places.

probability that a randomly chosen washer found to be defective was manufactured

by machine B

p( negative | desease 0.09

p(people | desease 0.09

p(positive | desease 0.91

P(no desease) 0.73

0.79 does have it 0.21 does not have it

p(correct| female 0.76

p(incorrect| female 0.24

p(correct| male 0.7

p(incorrect| male 0.3

P(F) 0.61

P(M) 0.39

ANSWER 0.44 to find a man 0.56

p(ON TIME | TOOK CAR ) 0.7

p( NOT ON TIME | took bus ) 0.4

P(on time | took bus 0.6

P (took car) 0.2

p(took car | on time 0.54 answer P took bus | on time 0.46

Archie has to go to school this morning for an important test, but he woke up late. He can either take the bus or take his unreliable car. If he takes the

car, Archie knows from experience that he will make it to school without breaking down with probability 0.4 . However, the bus to school runs late 25 %

of the time. Archie decides to choose between these options by tossing a coin. Suppose that Archie does, in fact, make it to the test on time. What is

the probability that he took his car? Round your answer to two decimal places.

(If necessary, consult a list of for

A psychologist interested in gender differences examined whether people can determine the sex of an individual from a sample of his/her handwriting.

In a study of this matter, female handwriting samples were correctly identified as such by 70% of volunteer subjects, while male handwriting samples

were correctly identified by 70% of subjects. In this study, 64% of the handwriting samples were from females. Suppose you know that a subject

incorrectly identified a sample. What is the probability that this handwriting sample is from a man? Round your answer to two decimal places.

CHOOSE ONE

probability that a randomly chosen washer found to be defective was manufactured

by machine A

Suppose that 6 men in 100 are colorblind, while 24 women in 10,000 are colorblind. Compute the probability that a colorblind individual is male.

Assume that the population contains an equal number of males and females. Round your answer to two decimal places

A certain disease occurs in47%of the population. A test for the disease is fairly accurate: it misclassifies people with the

disease as healthy4%of the time and reports that a healthy person is diseased just6%of the time. Suppose that a person

tests positive for the disease. Compute the probability that the person does indeed have the disease. Round your answer to two

decimal places.

probability that a randomly chosen washer found to be defective was manufactured

by machine B

to find a woman

Archie has to go to school this morning for an important test, but he woke up late. He can either take the bus or take his unreliable car. If he takes the

car, Archie knows from experience that he will make it to school without breaking down with probability 0.4 . However, the bus to school runs late 25 %

of the time. Archie decides to choose between these options by tossing a coin. Suppose that Archie does, in fact, make it to the test on time. What is

the probability that he took his car? Round your answer to two decimal places.

(If necessary, consult a list of for

A psychologist interested in gender differences examined whether people can determine the sex of an individual from a sample of his/her handwriting.

In a study of this matter, female handwriting samples were correctly identified as such by 70% of volunteer subjects, while male handwriting samples

were correctly identified by 70% of subjects. In this study, 64% of the handwriting samples were from females. Suppose you know that a subject

incorrectly identified a sample. What is the probability that this handwriting sample is from a man? Round your answer to two decimal places.

Binomial problems: Mean and standard deviation

n 130 number of trials

a. 0.98 percentage

p 0.02 probability of success on each particular trial

np 2.6 answer questio 1

b. np 2.6 questions 2

0.02

0.98

2.548

1.596 answer

13 h, 13 s, 13d , 13 cl

a. n 15 number of trials

p 0.25 percentage probability of success on each particular trial

np 3.750 answer questio 1

At a recent meeting at the American College of Asthma, Allergy, and Immunology, researchers reported that allergy vaccinations are

effective in treating sinusitis (inflammation of the membrane lining the facial sinuses) in individuals predisposed to allergies. Specifically,

the researchers reported that 98% of individuals predisposed to allergies find relief from their sinusitis after allergy vaccinations.

Suppose that this number is accurate and that 140 individuals predisposed to allergies are chosen at random and given allergy

vaccinations.

a. Estimate the number of individuals in the random sample who do not find relief from their sinusitis by giving the mean of the

relevant distribution (that is, the expectation of the relevant random variable). Do not round your response.

b. Quantify the uncertainty of your estimate by giving the standard deviation of the distribution. Round your response to at least three

decimal places.

(If necessary, consult a list of formulas.)

Suppose that we've decided to test Clara, who works at the Psychic Center, to see if she really has psychic abilities. While talking to her on the

phone, we'll thoroughly shuffle a standard deck of 52 cards (which is made up of 13 hearts, 13spades, 13 diamonds, and 13clubs) and draw one

card at random. We'll ask Clara to name the suit (heart, spade, diamond, or club) of the card we drew. After getting her guess, we'll return the card

to the deck, thoroughly shuffle the deck, draw another card, and get her guess for the suit of this second card. We'll repeat this process until we've

drawn a total of 18cards and gotten her suit guesses for each.

Assume that Clara is not clairvoyant, that is, assume that she randomly guesses on each card.

a. Estimate the number of cards in the sample for which Clara correctly guesses the suit by giving the mean of the relevant distribution (that

is, the expectation of the relevant random variable). Do not round your response.

b. Quantify the uncertainty of your estimate by giving the standard deviation of the distribution. Round your response to at least three

decimal places.

b. np 3.75 questions 2

0.25

0.75

2.8125

1.677 answer

a. n 30 number of trials

p 0.5 percentage probability of success on each particular trial

np 15.0 answer questio 1

b. np 15 questions 2

0.5

0.5

7.5

2.739 answer

a np 90

3%

2.7 answer

b 2.7

0.03

0.97

2.619

1.618 answer

Suppose that the New England Colonials baseball team is equally likely to win any particular game as not to win it. Suppose also that we choose a

random sample of 30 Colonials games.

Estimate the number of games in the sample that the Colonials win by giving the mean of the relevant distribution (that is, the expectation of the

relevant random variable). Do not round your response.

Quantify the uncertainty of your estimate by giving the standard deviation of the distribution. Round your response to at least three decimal

places.

A machine that manufactures automobile pistons is estimated to produce a defective piston of the 1% time. Suppose that this estimate is correct

and that a random sample of 90pistons produced by this machine is taken.

Estimate the number of pistons in the sample that are defective by giving the mean of the relevant distribution (that is, the expectation of the

relevant random variable). Do not round your response.

Quantify the uncertainty of your estimate by giving the standard deviation of the distribution. Round your response to at least three decimal

places.

a np 50

0.05

2.5 answer

b 2.5

0.05

0.95

2.375

1.541 answer

a np 50

10%

0.9

45.0 answer

b 45

0.9

0.1

4.5

2.121 answer

Not all visitors to a certain company's website are customers or potential customers. In fact, the company's executives estimate that about 5%of

all visitors to the website are looking for other websites. Assume that this estimate is correct and that a random sample of 40visitors to the

website is taken.

Estimate the number of visitors in the sample who actually are looking for the company's website by giving the mean of the relevant distribution

A rainstorm in Portland, Oregon, wiped out the electricity in 5% of the households in the city. Suppose that a random sample of 50 Portland

households is taken after the rainstorm.

a. Estimate the number of households in the sample that lost electricity by giving the mean of the relevant distribution (that is, the

expectation of the relevant random variable). Do not round your response.

b. Quantify the uncertainty of your estimate by giving the standard deviation of the distribution. Round your response to at least three decimal

places.

Anita's, a fast-food chain specializing in hot dogs and garlic fries, keeps track of the proportion of its customers who decide to eat in the restaurant

(as opposed to ordering the food "to go") so it can make decisions regarding the possible construction of in-store play areas, the attendance of its

mascot Sammy at the franchise locations, and so on. Anita's reports that 48% of its customers order their food to go. Suppose that this proportion

is correct and that a random sample of 50 individual customers is taken.

a np 50

0.07

3.5 answer

3.5

b 0.07

0.93

3.255

1.804 answer

100%

4

0.25

At a recent meeting at the American College of Asthma, Allergy, and Immunology, researchers reported that allergy vaccinations are

effective in treating sinusitis (inflammation of the membrane lining the facial sinuses) in individuals predisposed to allergies. Specifically,

the researchers reported that 98% of individuals predisposed to allergies find relief from their sinusitis after allergy vaccinations.

Suppose that this number is accurate and that 140 individuals predisposed to allergies are chosen at random and given allergy

vaccinations.

a. Estimate the number of individuals in the random sample who do not find relief from their sinusitis by giving the mean of the

relevant distribution (that is, the expectation of the relevant random variable). Do not round your response.

b. Quantify the uncertainty of your estimate by giving the standard deviation of the distribution. Round your response to at least three

decimal places.

(If necessary, consult a list of formulas.)

Suppose that we've decided to test Clara, who works at the Psychic Center, to see if she really has psychic abilities. While talking to her on the

phone, we'll thoroughly shuffle a standard deck of 52 cards (which is made up of 13 hearts, 13spades, 13 diamonds, and 13clubs) and draw one

card at random. We'll ask Clara to name the suit (heart, spade, diamond, or club) of the card we drew. After getting her guess, we'll return the card

to the deck, thoroughly shuffle the deck, draw another card, and get her guess for the suit of this second card. We'll repeat this process until we've

drawn a total of 18cards and gotten her suit guesses for each.

Assume that Clara is not clairvoyant, that is, assume that she randomly guesses on each card.

a. Estimate the number of cards in the sample for which Clara correctly guesses the suit by giving the mean of the relevant distribution (that

is, the expectation of the relevant random variable). Do not round your response.

b. Quantify the uncertainty of your estimate by giving the standard deviation of the distribution. Round your response to at least three

decimal places.

100%

win - no win 2

0.5

Suppose that the New England Colonials baseball team is equally likely to win any particular game as not to win it. Suppose also that we choose a

random sample of 30 Colonials games.

Estimate the number of games in the sample that the Colonials win by giving the mean of the relevant distribution (that is, the expectation of the

relevant random variable). Do not round your response.

Quantify the uncertainty of your estimate by giving the standard deviation of the distribution. Round your response to at least three decimal

places.

A machine that manufactures automobile pistons is estimated to produce a defective piston of the 1% time. Suppose that this estimate is correct

and that a random sample of 90pistons produced by this machine is taken.

Estimate the number of pistons in the sample that are defective by giving the mean of the relevant distribution (that is, the expectation of the

relevant random variable). Do not round your response.

Quantify the uncertainty of your estimate by giving the standard deviation of the distribution. Round your response to at least three decimal

places.

Not all visitors to a certain company's website are customers or potential customers. In fact, the company's executives estimate that about 5%of

all visitors to the website are looking for other websites. Assume that this estimate is correct and that a random sample of 40visitors to the

website is taken.

Estimate the number of visitors in the sample who actually are looking for the company's website by giving the mean of the relevant distribution

A rainstorm in Portland, Oregon, wiped out the electricity in 5% of the households in the city. Suppose that a random sample of 50 Portland

households is taken after the rainstorm.

a. Estimate the number of households in the sample that lost electricity by giving the mean of the relevant distribution (that is, the

expectation of the relevant random variable). Do not round your response.

b. Quantify the uncertainty of your estimate by giving the standard deviation of the distribution. Round your response to at least three decimal

places.

Anita's, a fast-food chain specializing in hot dogs and garlic fries, keeps track of the proportion of its customers who decide to eat in the restaurant

(as opposed to ordering the food "to go") so it can make decisions regarding the possible construction of in-store play areas, the attendance of its

mascot Sammy at the franchise locations, and so on. Anita's reports that 48% of its customers order their food to go. Suppose that this proportion

is correct and that a random sample of 50 individual customers is taken.

Binomial Problem Basic

question 1

# of people that would be interested --> 65%

Random Sample in power -- > 6

Answer 0.075 already rounded

question 2

the probability of a loss of electricity is --> 10%

the probability of no loss of electricity is 90%

Random Sample in power -- > 6

Answer 0.531 already rounded

question 3

Estimates 7%

the number of Combination 10

the number chosen 3 7

A TV executive is interested in the popularity of a particular cable TV show. She has

been told that a whopping 65% of American households would be interested in

tuning in to a new network version of the show. If this is correct, what is the

probability that all of the households in her city being monitored by the TV

industry would tune in to the new show? Assume that the 6 households constitute

a random sample of American households.

Round your response to at least three decimal places.

A rainstorm in Portland, Oregon, has wiped out the electricity in about 65% of the

households in the city. A management team in Portland has a big meeting

tomorrow, and all 6 members of the team are hard at work in their separate

households, preparing their presentations. What is the probability that none of

them has lost electricity in his/her household? Assume that their locations are

spread out so that loss of electricity is independent among their households.

Round your response to at least three decimal places.

Not all visitors to a certain company's website are customers. In fact, the website

administrator estimates that about 12% of all visitors to the website are looking

for other websites. Assuming that this estimate is correct, find the probability that,

in a random sample of 5 visitors to the website, exactly 3 actually are looking for

the website

120

probability looking for particular website 0.93

0.000 answer

question 4

P (O) obese 0.6

P (D) diabetes 0.4

P (OND) 0.65

find P( O U D) = --->>>>>>>>> P(O)+P(D)-P(O D) 0.35 answer

question 5

group 5 0.5

chosen 3 2

combination 10

ssssf 0.3125 answer

question 6

Estimates 96%

the number of Combination 4

the number chosen 3 1

The workers' union at a particular university is quite strong. About 96% of all

workers employed by the university belong to the workers' union. Recently, the

workers went on strike, and now a local TV station plans to interview 5 workers

(chosen at random) at the university to get their opinions on the strike. What is the

probability that exactly 3 of the workers interviewed are union members?

Suppose that 41% of all adults in a certain community are obese and that 34%

suffer from diabetes. If 24% of the adults in this community are both obese and

suffering from diabetes, what is the probability that a randomly chosen adult in this

community is obese or suffers from diabetes (or both)?

Suppose that the New England Colonials baseball team is equally likely to win a

game as not to win it. If 5 Colonials games are chosen at random, what is the

probability that exactly 4 of those games are won by the Colonials?

Round your response to at least three decimal places.

4

probability looking for particular website 0.04

0.142 answer

Binomial problems: Advanced

A new surgical operation procedure is said to be successful 75% of the time. If the procedure is

performed on 9patients independently, what is the probability that fewer than 2operations are

successful? Round your answer to four decimal places.

P(B

n,

p

<x)

1-P(B

n,

p

<x)

1-P(B

n,

p

<x)

n = number, p = propability or percentage, x is the # choosen

p sometimes will be " a, b, c, d" then the equation will be 1/4 . It's 1 out of the total

see explanation

alex cal

at most

at least

more than

6

Central Limit Theorem: Sample Mean

0.1 Original mean

0.07 original dev

0.093 New Mean

40 N

6.324555

0.0111

-0.007

-0.63246

0.2635

0.736 ANSWER more than

112 Original mean

15 original dev

115.8 New Mean

35 N

5.91608

2.5355

3.8

1.49874

0.933 ANSWER Less than

A worldwide organization of academics claims that the mean IQ score of its

members is 112 , with a standard deviation of 15. A randomly selected group of

35 members of this organization is tested, and the results reveal that the mean

IQ score in this sample is 115.8 . If the organization's claim is correct, what is

the probability of having a sample mean of 115.8 or less for a random sample

of this size?

According to records, the amount of precipitation in a certain city on a

November day has a 0.10 mean of inches, with a standard deviation of 0.07

inches. What is the probability that the mean daily precipitation will be 0.093

inches or more for a random sample of 40 November days (taken over many

years)?

Carry your intermediate computations to at least four decimal places. Round

your answer to at least three decimal place

32 Original mean

7 original dev

31.5 New Mean

34 N

5.830952

1.2005

-0.5

-0.4165

0.339 ANSWER Less than

The producer of a weight-loss pill advertises that people who use the pill lose,

after one week, an average (mean) of 1.85 pounds with a standard deviation of

0.95 pounds. In a recent study, a group of 50 people who used this pill were

interviewed. The study revealed that these people lost a mean of pounds after

one week. If the producer's claim is correct, what is the probability that the

mean weight loss after one week on this pill for a random sample of 50

individuals will be 1.68 pounds or less?

24230 Original mean

3678 original dev

25000 New Mean

80 N

8.944272

411.2129

770

1.872509

0.9694

0.031 ANSWER more than

520 Original mean

180 original dev

502 New Mean

35 N

5.91608

30.4256

-18

-0.59161

0.2771

0.723 ANSWER more than

The mean salary offered to students who are graduating from Coastal State

University this year is $24230, with a standard deviation of 3678 . A random

sample of 80 Coastal State students graduating this year has been selected.

What is the probability that the mean salary offer for 80 these students is

25000 or more?

For a standardized psychology examination intended for psychology majors,

the historical data show that scores have a mean of 520 and a standard

deviation of 180. The grading process of this year's exam has just begun. The

average score of 35 the exams graded so far is 502 . What is the probability

that a sample of 35 exams will have a mean score of 502 or more if the exam

scores follow the same distribution as in the past?

Central limit theorem: Sample proportion

1,100

0.01

0.02

A. n 1100

p 0.01

11

0.01

B Var(X) 0.000009

0.003

c 3.33333333

0.9996 ANSWER greater than or less than

0.0004 ANSWER greater than or equal to, Less than or equal to

1650

0.12

0.1

A. n 1650

p 0.12

198

0.12

The Credit Risk Department of a major bank estimates the default rate on loans under 10000 to be 1%. The bank will make

1100 loans that are under 10000 next month.

A. Find the mean of P, where P is the proportion of defaults on the 1100 loans under 10000 to be made next month.

B Find the standard deviation of P.

C. Compute an approximation for , which is the probability that 2% or more of next month's loans

under 10000 will be defaulted on. Round your answer to four decimal places.

E(X) = NP

Empirical research on stock market data for two consecutive trading days indicates that 60% of the stocks that went up on the

first day also went up on the second day. Yesterday, 600 stocks went up.

a. Find the mean of P , where gives the proportion of the 600 stocks that went up yesterday that will go up today.

b. Find the standard deviation of p .

c. Compute an approximation for , which is the probability that fewer than of the stocks that went

up yesterday will go up again today. Round your answer to four decimal places.

E(X) = NP

P ( Z )

P ( Z )

B Var(X) 0.000064

0.008

c -2.5

0.0062 ANSWER greater than or less than

0.9938 ANSWER greater than or equal to, Less than or equal to

1100

0.01

0.02

A. n 1100

p 0.01

11

0.01

B Var(X) 0.000009

0.003

c 3.33333333

0.9996 ANSWER greater than or less than

0.0004 ANSWER greater than or equal to, Less than or equal to

Withdrawal symptoms may occur when a person using a painkiller suddenly stops using it. For a special type of painkiller,

withdrawal symptoms occur in 1% of the cases. Consider a random sample of 1100 people who have stopped using the

painkiller

a. Find the mean of P , where P is the proportion of people in the sample who experience withdrawal symptoms.

b Find the standard deviation of P.

c Compute an approximation for , which is the probability that more than 2% of those sampled

experience withdrawal symptoms. Round your answer to four decimal places

P ( Z )

E(X) = NP

4400

0.01

0.015

A. n 4400

p 0.01

44

0.01

B Var(X) 0.00000225

0.0015

c 3.33333333

0.9996 ANSWER greater than or less than

0.0004 ANSWER greater than or equal to, Less than or equal to

1650

0.12

0.1

A. n 1650

p 0.12

198

0.12

In a memory test, the test subjects are shown 600 objects and are asked after two hours to name the objects. The historical

records show that test subjects remember 60% of the objects after two hours.

a. Find the mean of P , where is the proportion of objects that are remembered by a test subject.

b. Find the standard deviation of P .

c. Compute an approximation for , which is the probability that fewer than 63% of the objects

are remembered by a test subject. Round your answer to four decimal places.

P ( Z )

E(X) = NP

A researcher wants to investigate the effects of environmental factors on IQ scores. For an initial study, she takes a sample of

400 people who grew up as the only child. She finds that 47.5% of them have an IQ score over 100 . It is known that of the

general population has an IQ score exceeding .

a. Find the mean of P , where is the proportion of people with IQ scores over 100 in a random sample of 400 people.

b. Find the standard deviation of .

Compute an approximation for , which is the probability that there will be 47.5% or more individuals

with IQ scores over 100 in a random sample of 400. Round your answer to four decimal places.

P ( Z )

E(X) = NP

B Var(X) 0.000064

0.008

c -2.5

0.0062 ANSWER greater than or less than

0.9938 ANSWER greater than or equal to, Less than or equal to

1-p(z..) more than

The Credit Risk Department of a major bank estimates the default rate on loans under 10000 to be 1%. The bank will make

1100 loans that are under 10000 next month.

A. Find the mean of P, where P is the proportion of defaults on the 1100 loans under 10000 to be made next month.

B Find the standard deviation of P.

C. Compute an approximation for , which is the probability that 2% or more of next month's loans

under 10000 will be defaulted on. Round your answer to four decimal places.

Empirical research on stock market data for two consecutive trading days indicates that 60% of the stocks that went up on the

first day also went up on the second day. Yesterday, 600 stocks went up.

a. Find the mean of P , where gives the proportion of the 600 stocks that went up yesterday that will go up today.

b. Find the standard deviation of p .

c. Compute an approximation for , which is the probability that fewer than of the stocks that went

up yesterday will go up again today. Round your answer to four decimal places.

fewer than

1-p(z..) more than

1-p(z..) more than

Withdrawal symptoms may occur when a person using a painkiller suddenly stops using it. For a special type of painkiller,

withdrawal symptoms occur in 1% of the cases. Consider a random sample of 1100 people who have stopped using the

painkiller

a. Find the mean of P , where P is the proportion of people in the sample who experience withdrawal symptoms.

b Find the standard deviation of P.

c Compute an approximation for , which is the probability that more than 2% of those sampled

experience withdrawal symptoms. Round your answer to four decimal places

1-p(z..) more than

In a memory test, the test subjects are shown 600 objects and are asked after two hours to name the objects. The historical

records show that test subjects remember 60% of the objects after two hours.

a. Find the mean of P , where is the proportion of objects that are remembered by a test subject.

b. Find the standard deviation of P .

c. Compute an approximation for , which is the probability that fewer than 63% of the objects

are remembered by a test subject. Round your answer to four decimal places.

A researcher wants to investigate the effects of environmental factors on IQ scores. For an initial study, she takes a sample of

400 people who grew up as the only child. She finds that 47.5% of them have an IQ score over 100 . It is known that of the

general population has an IQ score exceeding .

a. Find the mean of P , where is the proportion of people with IQ scores over 100 in a random sample of 400 people.

b. Find the standard deviation of .

Compute an approximation for , which is the probability that there will be 47.5% or more individuals

with IQ scores over 100 in a random sample of 400. Round your answer to four decimal places.

fewer than

1-p(z..) more than

Chebyshev's theorem and the empirical rule

theorem [100(1-(1/k^2)]

empirical rule

mean 1137

std devia 203

question

dis 1 28.4 dis 2 66.8

lies below mean --> -5.46 & lies above the mean --> -5.27

Answer 96%

question

% from problem 84% 0.84 0.16

[100(1-(1/k^2)] --> +/- 2.5 <---lies with that of value of standard deviation of the mean

629.5

1644.5

question

dis 1 731 dis 2 1543

lies below mean --> -2 & lies above the mean --> 2

Answer 75%

question

95% stand dev is 2

68% stand dev is 1

99.7% stand dev is 3

According to Chebyshev's theorem, at least 84% of the fares lie

thus, <--- of the measurements lie between

dis 1 and dis 2

ANSWER

According to Chebyshev's theorem, at least _____% of the

measurements lie between 545.5 cc and 1710.5 cc.

According to Chebyshev's theorem, at least _____% of the

easurements lie between 662 cc and 1594 cc.

PROBLEM TYPE 1

dis 1 731 dis 2 1543

lies below mean --> -2 & lies above the mean --> 2

empirical rule

68% stand dev is 1

95% stand dev is 2

99.7% stand dev is 3

question

mean 1137

deviation level 1 using the Empirical rule, choose the appropriate deviation

std deviation 203

answer 1 934

answer 2 1340

MEAN 50.3

question

std deviation 3

Answer 89%

question

According to Chebyshev's theorem, at least _____% of the

scores lie within 3 standard deviations of the mean, 50.3

Suppose that the distribution is bell-shaped. If approximately

95% of the scores lie between 31.1 and 69.5 , then the

approximate value of the standard deviation for the distribution,

according to the empirical rule, is _____.

PROBLEM TYPE 2

Suppose that the distribution is bell-shaped. According to the

empirical rule, approximately _____% of the measurements lie

between 662 cc and 1594 cc.

Suppose that the distribution is bell-shaped. According to the

empirical rule, approximately 68% of the measurements lie

between _____cc and _____cc.

value 1 31.1 value 2 69.5

lies below mean --> -19.2 lies above the mean --> 19.2

empirical rule

68% stand dev is 1

95% stand dev is 2

99.7% stand dev is 3

dis of the two values 19.2

Std deviation 2 using the Empirical rule, choose the appropriate deviation

answer 9.6

<---lies with that of value of standard deviation of the mean

using the Empirical rule, choose the appropriate deviation

using the Empirical rule, choose the appropriate deviation

Choosing an appropriate sample size

Percentage

Key 0.95

0.99

0.9

deviation 750

margin error 135

confidence 1.645 USE THE CONFIDENCE VALUE IN ORANGE FOR THE PROPER %

1233.75

9.138889

answer 83.52 round up to the MINIMUM WHOLE NUMBER value, not WHOLE NUMBER

Suppose that a researcher is interested in estimating the mean systolic blood pressure, M , of

executives of major corporations. He plans to use the blood pressures of a random sample of

executives of major corporations to estimate M . Assuming that the standard deviation of the

population of systolic blood pressures of executives of major corporations is 26 mm Hg, what is

the minimum sample size needed for the researcher to be 95% confident that his estimate is

within 5 mm Hg of M ?

Carry your intermediate computations to at least three decimal places. Write your answer as a

whole number (and make sure that it is the minimum whole number that satisfies the requirements).

A personality test has a subsection designed to assess the "honesty" of the test-taker. Suppose that you're interested in the mean score, , on

this subsection among the general population. You decide that you'll use the mean of a random sample of scores on this subsection to estimate

. What is the minimum sample size needed in order for you to be confident that your estimate is within of ? Use the value for the population

standard deviation of scores on this subsection.

confidence

Managers at an automobile manufacturing plant would like to estimate the mean completion time of an assembly line operation, . The

managers plan to choose a random sample of completion times and estimate via the sample. Assuming that the standard deviation of the

population of completion times is minutes, what is the minimum sample size needed for the managers to be confident that their estimate is

within minutes of ?

Executives of a supermarket chain are interested in the amount of time that customers spend in the stores during shopping trips. The executives

hire a statistical consultant and ask her to determine the mean shopping time, , of customers at the supermarkets. The consultant will collect a

random sample of shopping times at the supermarkets and use the mean of these shopping times to estimate . Assuming that the standard

deviation of the population of shopping times at the supermarkets is minutes, what is the minimum sample size she must collect in order for

her to be confident that her estimate is within minutes of ?

A coin-operated coffee machine made by BIG Corporation was designed to discharge a mean of eight ounces of coffee per cup. If it dispenses

more that that on average, the corporation may lose money, and if it dispenses less, the customers may complain.

BIG Corporation would like to estimate the mean amount of coffee, , dispensed per cup by this machine. BIG will choose a random sample of

cup amounts dispensed by this machine and use this sample to estimate . Assuming that the standard deviation of cup amounts dispensed by

this machine is ounces, what is the minimum sample size needed in order for BIG to be confident that its estimate is within ounces of ?

A union of restaurant and foodservice workers would like to estimate the mean hourly wage, , of foodservice workers in the U.S. The union will

choose a random sample of wages and then estimate using the mean of the sample. What is the minimum sample size needed in order for the

union to be confident that its estimate is within of ? Suppose that the standard deviation of wages of foodservice workers in the U.S. is about .

A consumer advocacy group is doing a large study on car rental practices. Among other things, the consumer group would like to estimate the

mean monthly mileage, , of cars rented in the U.S. over the past year. The consumer group plans to choose a random sample of monthly U.S.

rental car mileages and then estimate using the mean of the sample.

Using the value miles per month as the standard deviation of monthly U.S. rental car mileages from the past year, what is the minimum sample

size needed in order for the consumer group to be confident that its estimate is within miles per month of ?

Percentage Use this value

0.05 0.025 -1.95996 1.960

0.01 0.005 -2.57583 2.576

0.1 0.05 -1.64485 1.645

round up to the MINIMUM WHOLE NUMBER value, not WHOLE NUMBER

Suppose that a researcher is interested in estimating the mean systolic blood pressure, M , of

executives of major corporations. He plans to use the blood pressures of a random sample of

executives of major corporations to estimate M . Assuming that the standard deviation of the

population of systolic blood pressures of executives of major corporations is 26 mm Hg, what is

the minimum sample size needed for the researcher to be 95% confident that his estimate is

within 5 mm Hg of M ?

Carry your intermediate computations to at least three decimal places. Write your answer as a

whole number (and make sure that it is the minimum whole number that satisfies the requirements).

A personality test has a subsection designed to assess the "honesty" of the test-taker. Suppose that you're interested in the mean score, , on

this subsection among the general population. You decide that you'll use the mean of a random sample of scores on this subsection to estimate

. What is the minimum sample size needed in order for you to be confident that your estimate is within of ? Use the value for the population

standard deviation of scores on this subsection.

Managers at an automobile manufacturing plant would like to estimate the mean completion time of an assembly line operation, . The

managers plan to choose a random sample of completion times and estimate via the sample. Assuming that the standard deviation of the

population of completion times is minutes, what is the minimum sample size needed for the managers to be confident that their estimate is

within minutes of ?

Executives of a supermarket chain are interested in the amount of time that customers spend in the stores during shopping trips. The executives

hire a statistical consultant and ask her to determine the mean shopping time, , of customers at the supermarkets. The consultant will collect a

random sample of shopping times at the supermarkets and use the mean of these shopping times to estimate . Assuming that the standard

deviation of the population of shopping times at the supermarkets is minutes, what is the minimum sample size she must collect in order for

her to be confident that her estimate is within minutes of ?

A coin-operated coffee machine made by BIG Corporation was designed to discharge a mean of eight ounces of coffee per cup. If it dispenses

more that that on average, the corporation may lose money, and if it dispenses less, the customers may complain.

BIG Corporation would like to estimate the mean amount of coffee, , dispensed per cup by this machine. BIG will choose a random sample of

cup amounts dispensed by this machine and use this sample to estimate . Assuming that the standard deviation of cup amounts dispensed by

this machine is ounces, what is the minimum sample size needed in order for BIG to be confident that its estimate is within ounces of ?

A union of restaurant and foodservice workers would like to estimate the mean hourly wage, , of foodservice workers in the U.S. The union will

choose a random sample of wages and then estimate using the mean of the sample. What is the minimum sample size needed in order for the

union to be confident that its estimate is within of ? Suppose that the standard deviation of wages of foodservice workers in the U.S. is about .

A consumer advocacy group is doing a large study on car rental practices. Among other things, the consumer group would like to estimate the

mean monthly mileage, , of cars rented in the U.S. over the past year. The consumer group plans to choose a random sample of monthly U.S.

rental car mileages and then estimate using the mean of the sample.

Using the value miles per month as the standard deviation of monthly U.S. rental car mileages from the past year, what is the minimum sample

size needed in order for the consumer group to be confident that its estimate is within miles per month of ?

combinations

If you have n objects and chose r of them, the number of combinations is:

n! / ( r! (n-r)! )

this can be written asnCr

here we have:

21 C 19 = 21! / (19! (21-19)!) = 210

n 24

r 22

combination 276

You can answer any 19 questions from the 21 questions on an exam. In how many

different ways can you choose the 19 questions, assuming that the order in which you

choose the questions is irrelevant?

Conditional probability:

Basic

p(college grad) 88% f

P(internet user) 7% e

p(college grad internet user) 6% both

p(college grad | internet user) p(college grad internet user) 0.06

P(internet user 0.07 0.857143 answer

p(college grad | internet user) p(college grad internet user) 0.06

p(college grad) 0.07 0.857143 answer

(a) Among California adults, what is the probability that a randomly chosen

internet user is a college graduate? Round your answer to 2 decimal places

(b) What is the probability that a California adult is an internet user, given that he

or she is a college graduate? Round your answer to 2 decimal places.

It is estimated that 27% of all California adults are college graduates and that 31%

of California adults are regular internet users. It is also estimated that 20% of

California adults are both college graduates and regular internet users.

Confidence interval for the population mean: Use of the standard normal

DEV 22

N 70

M 125

1.645

8.3666

ANSWER 120.7 Lower Limit

ANSWER 129.3 Upper Limit

The lifetime of a certain brand of electric light bulb is known to have a standard deviation

of 51 hours. Suppose that a random sample of 50 bulbs of this brand has a mean lifetime

of 476 hours. Find a 90% confidence interval for the true mean lifetime of all light bulbs of

this brand. Then complete the table below.

Carry your intermediate computations to at least three decimal places. Round your

answers to one decimal place.

What is the lower limit of the 90% confidence interval?

What is the upper limit of the 90% confidence interval?

The union for a particular industry has determined that the standard deviation of the daily

wages of its workers is $ 18. A random sample of 150 workers in this industry has a mean

daily wage of $110 . Find a 90%confidence interval for the true mean daily wage of all

union workers in the industry. Then complete the table below

The mean diastolic blood pressure for a random sample of 90 people was 80 millimeters

of mercury. If the standard deviation of individual blood pressure readings is known to be

10 millimeters of mercury, find a 95% confidence interval for the true mean diastolic

blood pressure of all people. Then complete the table below

The breaking strengths of cables produced by a certain manufacturer have a standard

deviation of 92 pounds. A random sample of 150 newly manufactured cables has a mean

breaking strength of 1700 pounds. Based on this sample, find a 90% confidence interval for

the true mean breaking strength of all cables produced by this manufacturer. Then

complete the table below.

A laboratory in New York is interested in finding the mean chloride level for a healthy

resident in the state. A random sample of 80 healthy residents has a mean chloride level of

103 mEq/L. If it is known that the chloride levels in healthy individuals residing in New York

have a standard deviation of 35 mEq/L, find a 90%confidence interval for the true mean

chloride level of all healthy New York residents. Then complete the table below

An existing inventory for a test measuring self-esteem indicates that the scores have a

standard deviation of 9 . A psychologist gave the self-esteem test to a random sample of

150 individuals, and their mean score was 65 . Construct a 95%confidence interval for the

true mean of all test scores. Then complete the table below.

The standard deviation of test scores on a certain achievement test is 11.2 . A random

sample of 80scores on this test had a mean of71.9. Based on this sample, find a 95%

confidence interval for the true mean of all scores. Then complete the table below

90% 1.645

95% 1.96

Confidence interval for the population standard deviation

l u 95

n 125 125 1.00 5

mean 103.5 103.5 0.950 upper

dev 18.4 18.4 0.050 lower

dfreedm 124 124 lower upper

n-1 1 1 99% 0.005 0.995

0.05 0.95 95% 0.025 0.975

chisqd 150.989 99.283 90% 0.050 0.950

124 124

338.56 338.56

41981.44 41981.44

204.8937 204.8937

12.28778 9.964067

ANSWER 16.67 20.56

Lower Upper

416

424

457

282

512

select all of these and choose S in Aleks cal for the Sample Mean

The scores on an examination in economics are approximately normally distributed with mean 500 and an

unknown standard deviation. The following is a random sample of scores from this examination.Find a 90%

confidence interval for the population standard deviation. Then complete the table below.

Lifetimes of AAA batteries are approximately normally distributed. A manufacturer wants to estimate

the standard deviation of the lifetime of the AAA batteries it produces. A random sample of 21 AAA

batteries produced by this manufacturer lasted a mean of 9.6 hours with a standard deviation of 2.3

hours. Find a 99% confidence interval for the population standard deviation of the lifetimes of AAA

batteries produced by the manufacturer. Then complete the table below.

Carry your intermediate computations to at least three decimal places. Round your answers to at least

two decimal places.

What is the lower limit of the 99% confidence interval?

What is the upper limit of the 99% confidence interval?

confidence

The standard deviation of the daily demand for a product is an important factor for inventory control for the

product. Suppose that a pharmacy wants to estimate the standard deviation of the daily demand for a certain

antibiotic. It is known that the daily demand for this antibiotic follows an approximately normal distribution. A

random sample of 18 days has a sample mean of 120 orders for this antibiotic with a standard deviation of 10

orders. Find a 90% confidence interval for the population standard deviation of the daily demand for this

antibiotic. Then complete the table below

Pilots who cannot maintain regular sleep hours due to their work schedule often suffer from insomnia. A recent

study on sleeping patterns of pilots focused on quantifying deviations from regular sleep hours. A random sample

of 24 commercial airline pilots was interviewed, and the pilots in the sample reported the time at which they

went to sleep on their most recent working day. The study gave the sample mean and standard deviation of the

times reported by pilots, with these times measured in hours after midnight. (Thus, if the pilot reported going to

sleep at 11 p.m., the measurement was -1.) The sample mean was 0.7 hours, and the standard deviation was 1.8

hours. Assume that the sample is drawn from a normally distributed population. Find a 90% confidence interval

for the population standard deviation, that is, the standard deviation of the time (hours after midnight) at which

pilots go to sleep on their work days. Then complete the table below.

A psychologist wants to estimate the standard deviation of IQ scores. It is widely believed that IQ scores follow a

normal distribution. Her random sample of 26 IQ scores has a mean of 102.5 and a standard deviation of 17.4 .

Find the 90% confidence interval for the population standard deviation based on this sample. Then complete the

table below.

l u

n 5 5

mean 22 22

dev 4.06 4.06

dfreedm 4 4

n-1 1 1

0.025 0.975

chisqd 11.143 0.484

4 4

16.4836 16.4836

65.9344 65.9344

8.12 8.12

3.338156 0.696002

ANSWER 2.43 11.67

Lower Upper

The scores on an examination in economics are approximately normally distributed with mean 500 and an

unknown standard deviation. The following is a random sample of scores from this examination.Find a 90%

confidence interval for the population standard deviation. Then complete the table below.

The following data were randomly drawn from an approximately normal

population.

18, 18, 22, 25, 27

Based on these data, find a 95% confidence interval for the population

standard deviation. Then complete the table below.

Carry your intermediate computations to at least three decimal places. Round

your answers to at least two decimal places.

(If necessary, consult a list of formulas.)

Lifetimes of AAA batteries are approximately normally distributed. A manufacturer wants to estimate

the standard deviation of the lifetime of the AAA batteries it produces. A random sample of 21 AAA

batteries produced by this manufacturer lasted a mean of 9.6 hours with a standard deviation of 2.3

hours. Find a 99% confidence interval for the population standard deviation of the lifetimes of AAA

batteries produced by the manufacturer. Then complete the table below.

Carry your intermediate computations to at least three decimal places. Round your answers to at least

two decimal places.

What is the lower limit of the 99% confidence interval?

What is the upper limit of the 99% confidence interval?

The standard deviation of the daily demand for a product is an important factor for inventory control for the

product. Suppose that a pharmacy wants to estimate the standard deviation of the daily demand for a certain

antibiotic. It is known that the daily demand for this antibiotic follows an approximately normal distribution. A

random sample of 18 days has a sample mean of 120 orders for this antibiotic with a standard deviation of 10

orders. Find a 90% confidence interval for the population standard deviation of the daily demand for this

antibiotic. Then complete the table below

Pilots who cannot maintain regular sleep hours due to their work schedule often suffer from insomnia. A recent

study on sleeping patterns of pilots focused on quantifying deviations from regular sleep hours. A random sample

of 24 commercial airline pilots was interviewed, and the pilots in the sample reported the time at which they

went to sleep on their most recent working day. The study gave the sample mean and standard deviation of the

times reported by pilots, with these times measured in hours after midnight. (Thus, if the pilot reported going to

sleep at 11 p.m., the measurement was -1.) The sample mean was 0.7 hours, and the standard deviation was 1.8

hours. Assume that the sample is drawn from a normally distributed population. Find a 90% confidence interval

for the population standard deviation, that is, the standard deviation of the time (hours after midnight) at which

pilots go to sleep on their work days. Then complete the table below.

A psychologist wants to estimate the standard deviation of IQ scores. It is widely believed that IQ scores follow a

normal distribution. Her random sample of 26 IQ scores has a mean of 102.5 and a standard deviation of 17.4 .

Find the 90% confidence interval for the population standard deviation based on this sample. Then complete the

table below.

Confidence interval for the population mean: Use of the t distribution

l u 95

n 16 16 1.00 5

mean 92 92 0.950 upper

dev 13 13 0.050 lower

dg fredom 15 15 lower upper

t 0.025 0.025 99% 0.005 0.995

1.761 1.7613 95% 0.025 0.975

4 4 90% 0.050 0.950

ANSWER 86.27578 97.72423

Lower Upper

calculate T in aleks

enter T results here

A corporation that maintains a large fleet of company cars for the use of its sales staff is interested in the mean

distance driven monthly per sales person. The following table gives the monthly distances in miles

driven by a random sample of 12 sales persons: 2667, 1943, 2152, 1937, 2184, 2399, 2641, 2317, 2541, 2076,

2285, 2637. Based on this sample, find a 95% confidence interval for the mean number of miles driven monthly by

members of the sales staff, assuming that monthly driving distances are normally distributed. Then complete the

table below.

Carry your intermediate computations to at least three decimal places. Round your answers to one decimal place.

What is the lower limit of the 95% confidence interval?

What is the upper limit of the 95% confidence interval?

confidence

l u

n 5 5

mean 22 22

dev 4.06 4.06

dfreedm 4 4

n-1 1 1

0.025 0.975

chisqd 11.143 0.484

4 4

16.4836 16.4836

ANSWER #REF! #REF!

Lower Upper

A corporation that maintains a large fleet of company cars for the use of its sales staff is interested in the mean

distance driven monthly per sales person. The following table gives the monthly distances in miles

driven by a random sample of 12 sales persons: 2667, 1943, 2152, 1937, 2184, 2399, 2641, 2317, 2541, 2076,

2285, 2637. Based on this sample, find a 95% confidence interval for the mean number of miles driven monthly by

members of the sales staff, assuming that monthly driving distances are normally distributed. Then complete the

table below.

Carry your intermediate computations to at least three decimal places. Round your answers to one decimal place.

What is the lower limit of the 95% confidence interval?

What is the upper limit of the 95% confidence interval?

The following data were randomly drawn from an approximately normal

population.

18, 18, 22, 25, 27

Based on these data, find a 95% confidence interval for the population

standard deviation. Then complete the table below.

Carry your intermediate computations to at least three decimal places. Round

your answers to at least two decimal places.

(If necessary, consult a list of formulas.)

Confidence interval for a population proportion

^ 170 170 66

p 200 200 275

0.85 0.85 99% 0.005

1-p 0.1500 0.1500 95% 0.025

0.1275 0.1275 90% 0.050

0.0006 0.0006

sqrt 0.0252 0.0252

z 2.5758 2.5758 Enter the value in aleks and calculate the Z

0.0650 0.0650

0.785 0.915

LOWER UPPER

A researcher wishes to estimate the proportion of X-ray machines that malfunction. A

random 275 sample of machines is taken, and 66 of the machines in the sample malfunction.

Based upon this, compute a 90% confidence interval for the proportion of all X-ray machines

that malfunction. Then complete the table below.

Carry your intermediate computations to at least three decimal places. Round your answers

to two decimal places.

What is the lower limit of the 90% confidence interval?

What is the upper limit of the 90% confidence interval?

confidence

answer

To estimate the percentage of a species of rodent that carries a specific viral infection, 125

rodents are randomly selected and examined, and 61 of them are found to be infected.

Based upon this, find a 95% confidence interval for the proportion of all rodents of this

species that are infected with the virus. Then complete the table below.

l z

m1 169.00 99% 2.58 0.005

sdev 1 5 95% 1.96 0.025 1.96

n1 12 90% 1.64 0.05 1.645

m2 164.00

sdev 2 9

n2 9

z 1.9600

5.00

25

81

2.083333333

9

11.08333333

3.329164059

-1.53 lower

11.53 upper

Confidence interval for the difference of population means: Use of the standard normal

In a current study, a random sample of teachers from Arizona and an independent random sample of 10 teachers from Nevada

have been asked to report their annual income. The data obtained are as follows:

Annual income in dollars

Arizona 34022, 41515, 38444, 35184, 34074, 35435, 42621, 43101, 46582, 32199.

Nevada 41120, 24940, 36266, 34307, 42230, 49416, 27985, 39965, 54428, 44120.

The population standard deviations for the annual incomes of teachers in Arizona and in Nevada are estimated as and ,

respectively. It is also known that both populations are approximately normally distributed. Construct a confidence interval for the

difference between the mean annual income of teachers from Arizona () and the mean annual income of teachers from Nevada ().

Then complete the table below.

Carry your intermediate computations to at least three decimal places. Round your answers to at least two decimal places.

Confidence interval for the difference of population means: Use of the standard normal

In a current study, a random sample of teachers from Arizona and an independent random sample of 10 teachers from Nevada

have been asked to report their annual income. The data obtained are as follows:

Annual income in dollars

Arizona 34022, 41515, 38444, 35184, 34074, 35435, 42621, 43101, 46582, 32199.

Nevada 41120, 24940, 36266, 34307, 42230, 49416, 27985, 39965, 54428, 44120.

The population standard deviations for the annual incomes of teachers in Arizona and in Nevada are estimated as and ,

respectively. It is also known that both populations are approximately normally distributed. Construct a confidence interval for the

difference between the mean annual income of teachers from Arizona () and the mean annual income of teachers from Nevada ().

Then complete the table below.

Carry your intermediate computations to at least three decimal places. Round your answers to at least two decimal places.

l t

n1 16 90% 0.05 1.7139

m1 92.00 95% 0.025 2.1098

sdev 1 13 99% 0.005 2.8453

n2 10

m2 87.00

sdev 2 16

0.005

freedom 24

t 2.7969 enter T HERE

x1 - x2 5.00

2535

2304

4839

24

201.625

1/n1 0.0625

1/n2 0.1

32.76406

5.72399

-11.01 lower

21.01 upper

The university data center has two main computers. The center wants to examine whether computer is receiving

tasks that require processing times comparable to those of computer . A random sample of processing times from

computer showed a mean of seconds with a standard deviation of seconds, while a random sample of

processing times from computer (chosen independently of those for computer ) showed a mean of seconds with

a standard deviation of seconds. Assume that the populations of processing times are normally distributed for

each of the two computers and that the variances are equal. Construct a confidence interval for the difference

between the mean processing time of computer , , and the mean processing time of computer , . Then complete

the table below.

Carry your intermediate computations to at least three decimal places. Round your responses to at least two

decimal places. (If necessary, consult a list of formulas.)

Confidence interval for the difference of population means: Use of the t

distribution

The university data center has two main computers. The center wants to examine whether computer is receiving

tasks that require processing times comparable to those of computer . A random sample of processing times from

computer showed a mean of seconds with a standard deviation of seconds, while a random sample of

processing times from computer (chosen independently of those for computer ) showed a mean of seconds with

a standard deviation of seconds. Assume that the populations of processing times are normally distributed for

each of the two computers and that the variances are equal. Construct a confidence interval for the difference

between the mean processing time of computer , , and the mean processing time of computer , . Then complete

the table below.

Carry your intermediate computations to at least three decimal places. Round your responses to at least two

decimal places. (If necessary, consult a list of formulas.)

n1 350

n1#chose 290.00

n2 325.00

n2#chosen 289

z 2.580

p1 0.829

p2 0.889 99% 0.005 2.580

60.000 95% 0.025 1.960

36.000 90% 0.050 1.645

n1p1 290.000

0.000

0.000

v+ 0.001

sqt 0.027

0.829

0.889

p1-p2 (0.061)

-0.129 lower

0.008 upper

In random, independent samples of adults and teenagers who watched a certain television show, adults and teens

indicated that they liked the show. Let be the proportion of all adults watching the show who liked it, and let be the

proportion of all teens watching the show who liked it. Find a confidence interval for . Then complete the table below.

Carry your intermediate computations to at least three decimal places. Round your responses to at least three decimal

places. (If necessary, consult a list of formulas.)

Confidence interval for the difference of population proportions

To determine the possible effect of a chemical treatment on the rate of seed germination, chemically treated seeds and

untreated seeds were sown. It was found that of the chemically treated seeds and of the untreated seeds germinated. Let

be the proportion of the population of all chemically treated seeds that germinate, and let be the proportion of the

population of all untreated seeds that germinate. Find a confidence interval for . Then complete the table below

confidence

In a comparative study of two new drugs, A and B, patients were treated with drug A, and patients were treated with drug

B. (The two treatment groups were randomly and independently chosen.) It was found that patients were cured using drug

A and patients were cured using drug B. Let be the proportion of the population of all patients who are cured using drug A,

and let be the proportion of the population of all patients who are cured using drug B. Find a confidence interval for . Then

complete the table below.

In random, independent samples of adults and teenagers who watched a certain television show, adults and teens

indicated that they liked the show. Let be the proportion of all adults watching the show who liked it, and let be the

proportion of all teens watching the show who liked it. Find a confidence interval for . Then complete the table below.

Carry your intermediate computations to at least three decimal places. Round your responses to at least three decimal

places. (If necessary, consult a list of formulas.)

Confidence interval for the difference of population proportions

To determine the possible effect of a chemical treatment on the rate of seed germination, chemically treated seeds and

untreated seeds were sown. It was found that of the chemically treated seeds and of the untreated seeds germinated. Let

be the proportion of the population of all chemically treated seeds that germinate, and let be the proportion of the

population of all untreated seeds that germinate. Find a confidence interval for . Then complete the table below

In a comparative study of two new drugs, A and B, patients were treated with drug A, and patients were treated with drug

B. (The two treatment groups were randomly and independently chosen.) It was found that patients were cured using drug

A and patients were cured using drug B. Let be the proportion of the population of all patients who are cured using drug A,

and let be the proportion of the population of all patients who are cured using drug B. Find a confidence interval for . Then

complete the table below.

n#1 10 10

mean1 0.12 0.12 lower upper

dev1 0.0036 0.0036 99% 0.005 0.995

N#2 10 10 95% 0.025 0.975

MEAN2 0.12 0.12 90% 0.050 0.950

DEV2 0.0049 0.0049

F DIS 4.026 0.248

fredom Num 9 9 use ALEKS to calculate F DISTRIBUTTION

freedom Den 9 9

0.73 0.73

0.25 4.03 ENTER F DISTRIBUTION RESULTS HERE

0.18 2.96

LOWER LOWER

Random samples are drawn independently from two normally distributed populations, and the following statistics are

obtained:

Group 1 Group 2

(The first row gives the sample sizes, the second row gives the sample means, and the third row gives the sample variances.)

Construct a confidence interval for , the ratio of the variances of these two populations. Then complete the table below.

Carry your intermediate computations to at least three decimal places. Write your final responses to at least two decimal

places.

What is the lower limit of the confidence interval?

What is the upper limit of the confidence interval?

Confidence interval for the ratio of population variances

confidence

Actuaries use various parameters when evaluating the cost of a life insurance policy. The variance of the life spans of a

population is one of the parameters used for the evaluation. Each year, the actuaries at a particular insurance company

randomly sample 25 people who died during the year (with the samples chosen independently from year to year) to see

whether the variance of life spans has changed. The life span data from this year and from last year are summarized below:

Current Year Last Year

(The first row gives the sample means, and the second row gives the sample variances.)

Assuming that life spans are approximately normally distributed for each of the populations of people who died this year

and people who died last year, construct a confidence interval for , the ratio of the variance of the life span for the current

year to the variance of the life span for last year. Then complete the table below.

Carry your intermediate computations to at least three decimal places. Write your final responses to at least two decimal

places. (If necessary, consult a list of formulas.)

An examination in psychology has been taken by psychology majors and also by some students from other majors. It is

widely believed that the scores for both groups are normally distributed. A random sample of examinations completed by

psychology majors and an independent random sample of examinations completed by students from other majors are

selected. Among sampled students, the psychology majors scored a mean of points with a variance of , and the students

from other majors scored a mean of points with a variance of . Construct a confidence interval for , the ratio of the

variance of all scores of psychology majors to the variance of all scores of other majors. Then complete the table below.

Random samples are drawn independently from two normally distributed populations, and the following statistics are

obtained:

Group 1 Group 2

(The first row gives the sample sizes, the second row gives the sample means, and the third row gives the sample variances.)

Construct a confidence interval for , the ratio of the variances of these two populations. Then complete the table below.

Carry your intermediate computations to at least three decimal places. Write your final responses to at least two decimal

places.

What is the lower limit of the confidence interval?

What is the upper limit of the confidence interval?

Actuaries use various parameters when evaluating the cost of a life insurance policy. The variance of the life spans of a

population is one of the parameters used for the evaluation. Each year, the actuaries at a particular insurance company

randomly sample 25 people who died during the year (with the samples chosen independently from year to year) to see

whether the variance of life spans has changed. The life span data from this year and from last year are summarized below:

Current Year Last Year

(The first row gives the sample means, and the second row gives the sample variances.)

Assuming that life spans are approximately normally distributed for each of the populations of people who died this year

and people who died last year, construct a confidence interval for , the ratio of the variance of the life span for the current

year to the variance of the life span for last year. Then complete the table below.

Carry your intermediate computations to at least three decimal places. Write your final responses to at least two decimal

places. (If necessary, consult a list of formulas.)

An examination in psychology has been taken by psychology majors and also by some students from other majors. It is

widely believed that the scores for both groups are normally distributed. A random sample of examinations completed by

psychology majors and an independent random sample of examinations completed by students from other majors are

selected. Among sampled students, the psychology majors scored a mean of points with a variance of , and the students

from other majors scored a mean of points with a variance of . Construct a confidence interval for , the ratio of the

variance of all scores of psychology majors to the variance of all scores of other majors. Then complete the table below.

X Y XY

12.9 224.3 2893.47 Sum ----> 147.8

19.1 217.9 4161.89

11.7 275.6 3224.52

14.5 271.9 3942.55

12.6 198.8 2504.88

7.8 232.4 1812.72

4.2 304.8 1280.16

6.8 240.6 1636.08

14.4 188.9 2720.16

4.1 317 1299.7

13.9 196.1 2725.79

5.6 274 1534.4

6.5 227.3 1477.45

5.5 272.7 1499.85

8.2 280.9 2303.38

0

Total 147.8 3723.20 35017

Average 9.8533 248.2133 2188.5625

Count 15 15 16

Total dev 9.8533 248.2133

-1668.9307

294.00

sdevof x 4.583

sdevof y 40.080

ANSWER -5.67669

ANSWER -0.649 already rounded

r -0.865 <---The value of the sample correlation coefficient

question

What is the value of theslopeof theleast-squares regression

linefor these data? Round your answer to at least two

decimal places

do not touch

question

What is the value of the sample correlation coefficient for these data?

Round your answer to at least three decimal places

Computing the sample correlation coefficient and the coefficients for the least-

squares regression line

S

y

248.2133 the r will be given

S

x

9.8533

b1 0.3 <--The least-squares regression line for these data has a slope of approximately

ANSWER -7.5654

Find B1, with R

given

S

y

S

x

yes

ANSWER 245.2573

use this if B1 is

given

b0=y-b1x y b1 x

yes

ANSWER 0.034

Find R, with B1

given

r=b1 S

x

S

y

yes

ANSWER 322.7580

use this if B1 is

not given

question

What is the value of the y-intercept of the least-squares regression line

for these data? Round your

answer to at least two decimal places.

question

What is the value of theslopeof theleast-squares regression

linefor these data? Round your answer to at least two

decimal places

question

b

1

=r

b0=

What is the value of the sample correlation coefficient for these data?

Round your answer to at

least three decimal places.

question

What is the value of the y-intercept of the least-squares regression line

for these data? Round your

answer to at least two decimal places.

squareroot ---> 9.2822 3723.2 571.8475

85.5008 918.8982

3.4102 750.0295

21.5915 561.0582

7.5442 2441.6775

4.2162 250.0615

31.9602 3202.0508

9.3228 57.9628

20.6722 3518.0715

33.1008 4731.6055

16.3755 2715.7995

18.0908 664.9522

11.2448 437.3675

18.9515 599.5968

2.7335 1068.4182

Sum ---> 293.9973 22489.39733

20.9998 1606.3855

sqrt 4.5826 40.0797

worksheet # 3

stdr devia of Y

question

What is the value of theslopeof theleast-squares regression

linefor these data? Round your answer to at least two

decimal places

stdr devia of X

question

What is the value of the sample correlation coefficient for these data?

Round your answer to at least three decimal places

the r will be given

<--The least-squares regression line for these data has a slope of approximately

question

What is the value of the y-intercept of the least-squares regression line

for these data? Round your

answer to at least two decimal places.

question

What is the value of theslopeof theleast-squares regression

linefor these data? Round your answer to at least two

decimal places

question

What is the value of the sample correlation coefficient for these data?

Round your answer to at

least three decimal places.

question

What is the value of the y-intercept of the least-squares regression line

for these data? Round your

answer to at least two decimal places.

Cumulative distributions and ogives

sample # 25

X asis factor frequency Relative Frequency Cum Relative Frequency

500 700 6 0.24 0.24

700 900 8 0.32 0.56 <<<------ Find the cumulative relative frequency polygon

900 1100 6 0.24 0.80

1100 1300 2 0.08 0.88

1300 1500 3 0.12 1.00

Always add the frequecny FIRST, so I can clear the non-needed cells

do not touch

<<<------ Find the cumulative relative frequency polygon

Discrete probability distribution: Basic

Value of x of X P (X=x)

-5 0.11

-1 0.12

3 0.14

5

6

0.37

answer 0.63 split this # in two, like 20, 43 or 40, 23 or 10, 53, etc.

enter your value here

example do not touch this book.

Value of x of X P (X=x)

-5 0.11

-1 0.12

3 0.14

5

6

0.37

0.63 split this # in two, like 20, 43 or 40, 23 or 10, 53, etc. It does not matter, as long as it's split

It does not matter, as long as it's split

Probabilities of draws with replacement

A fair die is rolled 4 times. What is the probability of having no 1 and no 3 among the rolls? Round your answer to three decimal places.(If necessary, consult a list of formulas.)

P( no1and no3among the4rolls) 4

6

Power 5 rolling times

Answer 0.132

A fair die is rolled 4 times. What is the probability that a 2 is obtained on at least one of the rolls? Round your answer to three decimal places.

p( at least one 2 among the 4 rolls ) = 1-p(no 2 amoongs the 4 rolls )

5 the probablility of rolling somehting different from 2 will 5/6

power 4

answer 0.518

ball 1 8 red 15

ball 2 7 pink

power 4

8 probablity of pink drawned 8/13 to the 4 powert

answer 0.081

An urn contains 5 red and 8 pink balls. Four balls are randomly drawn from the urn in succession, with

replacement. That is, after each draw, the selected ball is returned to the urn. What is the probability that

all 4 balls drawn from the urn are pink? Round your answer to three decimal places.

(If necessary, consult a list of formulas.)

A fair die is rolled 4 times. What is the probability of having no 1 and no 3 among the rolls? Round your answer to three decimal places.(If necessary, consult a list of formulas.)

A fair die is rolled 4 times. What is the probability that a 2 is obtained on at least one of the rolls? Round your answer to three decimal places.

the probablility of rolling somehting different from 2 will 5/6

Estimating the mean of Grouped Data

sample # 19

X asis factor frequency Midpoint (col a + col b divided 2

0 10 4 5 20

10 20 6 15 90

20 30 6 25 150

30 40 2 35 70

40 50 1 45 45

0 0

sum 375

Answr 19.73684

Always add the frequecny FIRST, so I can clear the non-needed cells

do not touch

Estimating the standard deviation of Grouped Data

50 <--- sample #

frequency X asis factor

Midpoint (col a + col b

divided 2

5 860 880 870 4350.000 1296 6480

15 880 900 890 13350.000 256 3840

20 900 920 910 18200.000 16 320

5 920 940 930 4650.000 576 2880

5 940 960 950 4750.000 1936 9680

0 820836

0 820836

sum 45300 23200

906 473.4694

Answr 21.8 already rounded

Always add the frequecny FIRST, so I can clear the non-needed cells

enter only the X asis Factor and frequency

always enter the frequency 1st

do not touch

do not touch

the Type of Test Statistic

mean 35

dev 7

sample# 80 TWO TAILED

new mean 37 Z DIS

KNOWN DEVIATION

2.000

8.944

0.783

2.556 the Value of the Test Statistics:

-2.556

0.995

0.005

0.005

0.011 the P-Value

0.011 compare this number to the Level of Significance

the Type of Test Statistic ONE TAILED

mean 35 Z DIS

dev 7 KNOWN DEVIATION

sample# 80

new mean 37

2.000

8.944

0.783

2.556 the Value of the Test Statistics:

A manufacturer claims that the mean lifetime, , of its light bulbs is months. The standard deviation of these lifetimes is

months. Thirty-three bulbs are selected at random, and their mean lifetime is found to be months. Assume that the

population is normally distributed. Can we conclude, at the level of significance, that the mean lifetime of light bulbs made

by this manufacturer differs from months?

Perform a two-tailed test. Then fill in the table below.

Carry your intermediate computations to at least three decimal places. (If necessary, consult a list of formulas.)

Hypothesis test for the population mean: Z test

0.05 Plug in the Level of Signicance in ALEKS to calculate Z

Aleks result Critical value at the level of significance

compare this number to the Level of Significance

A manufacturer claims that the mean lifetime, , of its light bulbs is months. The standard deviation of these lifetimes is

months. Thirty-three bulbs are selected at random, and their mean lifetime is found to be months. Assume that the

population is normally distributed. Can we conclude, at the level of significance, that the mean lifetime of light bulbs made

by this manufacturer differs from months?

Perform a two-tailed test. Then fill in the table below.

Carry your intermediate computations to at least three decimal places. (If necessary, consult a list of formulas.)

Hypothesis test for the population mean: Z test

Independent events: Basic

P() 0.3 Use this, when the A is accent

P(B) 0.4

Find P(A)

1-P(A) 0.7

Since A and B are independent, we have

P ( A B) P (A) * P(B) 0.28 ANSWER

P ( A U B) P(A)+P(B)-P(AUB) 0.82 ANSWER

P(B) 0.2 use this, when the B is accent

P(A) 0.5

Find P(B)

1-P(B) 0.8

Since A and B are independent, we have

P ( A B) P (A) * P(B) 0.4 ANSWER

P ( A U B) P(A)+P(B)-P(AUB) 0.9 ANSWER

Law of total probabilities

uneven prob

88% of them failed 0.9

0.1

every 12

out of 13

number of search 13

sucessful search 0.09

Hence the probabilty of seach 1/2

answer 0.22

P(grade of B or below | no TA ) AKA failed 0.88

P(grade better than b | no TA ) 0.13

every 1

out of 6

number of session 6

Hence the probabilty of seach 1/2 5

0.12

P(grade better than b) answer 0.18

While working for Life magazine, Archie is assigned to the Galapagos Islands to photograph a rare, giant white turtle. The turtle can be

found either on Isabella, the largest of the 16 Galapagos islands, or on Santa Cruz, the next largest island. Many have tried to locate the

giant turtle, but 88% of them have failed. In addition, 11 out of every 12 searches in the past were concentrated on Santa Cruz, though

only 11% of them were actually successful. Archie intends to search on Isabella. What is the probability that Archie will successfully find

the turtle? Round your answer to two decimal places.

Archie is taking a course in probability theory. Discussion sessions with the class TA (teaching assistant) conflict with Archie's

trips to the beach. Archie has to decide between attending TA sessions, which might help him do better in the probability

course, and going to the beach. Archie learns that94 % of past students who did not attend TA sessions received a grade of B or

below in the course. Archie also learns that 14 % of past students received a grade higher than B. After some thought, Archie

decides to attend the TA sessions. Not all of his classmates share his decision; in fact, only 8 out of every 11 of his classmates

attend discussion sessions with the TA. Compute the probability that Archie will receive a grade higher than a B in the course.

Round your answer to two decimal places.

dies from flu 0.31

every 5

out of 17

conditional probability that a non-vaccinated person will die from the flu 0.36

not vac 12

answer 0.19

94% of them failed 0.65

0.35

8 out of 11 attends 25

30

number of search 30

sucessful search 0.6

Hence the probabilty of seach 1/2 5

answer 0.3

Archie must travel to a foreign country where a deadly strain of flu has ravaged the population. Already,31 % of the population

has succumbed to the flu and died. There is a vaccine, but because the flu is extremely contagious, it spreads quite rapidly, and

to date only 4 out of every 8 people have been vaccinated. Thirty-five percent of those who are not vaccinated die from

the flu. Archie has just enough time to be vaccinated before he leaves. What is the probability that Archie will succumb to the

flu and die while he is away? Round your answer to two decimal places.

Archie is stranded in a war zone in the land of the Xhosas. His only chance of survival is to reach Sudland, which lies 100 miles

away. There are just two routes to Sudland; one is through a desert, and the other is a long and perilous trek through the

mountains. Both routes are terribly dangerous. In the past, 46% of all who tried to reach Sudland failed. Of all attempts to

reach Sudland, 1 out of every 6 were by the desert route. Although it is the longer route, the mountains seem to provide more

success: 55% of those who attempted to reach Sudland through the mountains were successful. To save time, Archie intends to

go via the desert. What are his chances of making it through to Sudland? Round your answer to two decimal places.

even proba

0.88

0.12

2

13

13

0.05

11

0.132727

While working for Life magazine, Archie is assigned to the Galapagos Islands to photograph a rare, giant white turtle. The turtle can be

found either on Isabella, the largest of the 16 Galapagos islands, or on Santa Cruz, the next largest island. Many have tried to locate the

giant turtle, but 88% of them have failed. In addition, 11 out of every 12 searches in the past were concentrated on Santa Cruz, though

only 11% of them were actually successful. Archie intends to search on Isabella. What is the probability that Archie will successfully find

the turtle? Round your answer to two decimal places.

Archie is taking a course in probability theory. Discussion sessions with the class TA (teaching assistant) conflict with Archie's

trips to the beach. Archie has to decide between attending TA sessions, which might help him do better in the probability

course, and going to the beach. Archie learns that94 % of past students who did not attend TA sessions received a grade of B or

below in the course. Archie also learns that 14 % of past students received a grade higher than B. After some thought, Archie

decides to attend the TA sessions. Not all of his classmates share his decision; in fact, only 8 out of every 11 of his classmates

attend discussion sessions with the TA. Compute the probability that Archie will receive a grade higher than a B in the course.

Round your answer to two decimal places.

0.31

0.69

LCD 3

LCD 7

7

0.78

4

0.57

Archie must travel to a foreign country where a deadly strain of flu has ravaged the population. Already,31 % of the population

has succumbed to the flu and died. There is a vaccine, but because the flu is extremely contagious, it spreads quite rapidly, and

to date only 4 out of every 8 people have been vaccinated. Thirty-five percent of those who are not vaccinated die from

the flu. Archie has just enough time to be vaccinated before he leaves. What is the probability that Archie will succumb to the

flu and die while he is away? Round your answer to two decimal places.

Archie is stranded in a war zone in the land of the Xhosas. His only chance of survival is to reach Sudland, which lies 100 miles

away. There are just two routes to Sudland; one is through a desert, and the other is a long and perilous trek through the

mountains. Both routes are terribly dangerous. In the past, 46% of all who tried to reach Sudland failed. Of all attempts to

reach Sudland, 1 out of every 6 were by the desert route. Although it is the longer route, the mountains seem to provide more

success: 55% of those who attempted to reach Sudland through the mountains were successful. To save time, Archie intends to

go via the desert. What are his chances of making it through to Sudland? Round your answer to two decimal places.

Linear relationship and the sample correlation coefficient

X Y u v w t m n

1 1 1 7.4 1 3.5 1 7.6

2 2 2 9.1 2 4.3 2 4.9

3 3 3 7.2 3 3.5 3 10.6

4 4 4 5.4 4 4.6 4 5.9

5 5 5 8.3 5 4.2 5 2.1

6 6 6 5.4 6 7.4 6 5

7 7 7 4.6 7 5.8 7 8.7

8 8 8 6.5 8 8 8 3.9

9 9 9 6 9 7.4 9 9.3

10 10 10 4 10 8 10 6.6

ANSWER 0.0007 ANSWER -0.0003 ANSWER 0.0004 ANSWER 0.0000

0.0003 -0.0004

5 weeks 3 weeks

1 80.00 1 80.00

2 83.80 2 83.80

3 71.40 81.78 3 71.40 78.40

4 86.20 81.36 4 86.20 80.47

5 87.50 82.14 5 87.50 81.70

6 77.90 85.04 6 77.90 83.87

7 87.70 84.04 7 87.70 84.37

8 85.90 85.06 8 85.90 83.83

9 81.20 86.96 9 81.20 84.93

10 92.60 85.82 10 92.60 86.57

11 87.4 87.36 11 87.4 87.07

12 82 90.16 12 82 87.33

13 93.6 89.62 13 93.6 87.67

14 95.2 90.175 14 95.2 90.27

15 89.9 390.25 15 89.9 92.90

1282.3 1282.3

University officials at a major university would like to use -term moving averages to

analyze enrollment. Enrollment data (in thousands of students) for the most recent terms

are shown in the middle column of the table below. Also shown is a time series plot of the

data.

In the far-right column of the table are the -term moving averages for the data. Fill in both

blanks in this column. Round your responses to at least two decimal places

Moving averages

mean 500

dev 95

calcutate the Z in Aleks Z

0.05

5%

z 1.6449

ANSWR 656.3

mean 9.3

dev 0.3

10%

0.9

calcutate the Z in Aleks Z

0.90

z -1.2816

ANSWR 8.9

mean 64

dev 2.4

75%

0.25

calcutate the Z in Aleks Z

0.25

z 0.6745

ANSWR 65.6

The distribution of scores on a standardized aptitude test is approximately normal with a mean of 500 and a

standard deviation of 105 . What is the minimum score needed to be in the top 5% on this test? Carry your

intermediate computations to at least four decimal places, and round your answer to the nearest integer.

Normal distribution raw scores

Calcium levels in people are normally distributed with a mean of 9.5mg/dL and a standard deviation of

0.5mg/dL. Individuals with calcium levels in the bottom 10% of the population are considered to have low

calcium levels. Find the calcium level that is the borderline between low calcium levels and those not

considered low. Carry your intermediate computations to at least four decimal places. Round your answer to at

least one decimal place

Suppose that the heights of adult women in the United States are normally

distributed with a mean of 63.5 inches and a standard deviation of 2.2 inches.

Jennifer is taller than 75% of the population of U.S. women. How tall (in inches) is

Jennifer? Carry your intermediate computations to at least four decimal places.

Round your answer to at least one decimal place.

dev 1.4

mean 8

lowest 10%

top 0.9

Z

0.90

calcutate the Z in Aleks

z -1.2816

6.20576

mean 230

dev 30

10%

0.9

Z

0.85

calcutate the Z in Aleks

z -1.2816

ANSWR 191.6

mean 130

dev 18

Z

0.15

z 1.0364 calcutate the Z in Aleks

ANSWR 148.7

Suppose that the quarterly sales levels among health care information systems companies are approximately

normally distributed with a mean of 9 million dollars and a standard deviation of 1.3million dollars. One health

care information systems company considers a quarter a "failure" if its sales level that quarter is in the bottom

10% of all quarterly sales levels. Determine the sales level (in millions of dollars) that is the cutoff between

quarters that are considered "failures" by that company and quarters that are not. Carry your intermediate

computations to at least four decimal places. Round your answer to at least one decimal place.

According to her doctor, Mrs. Brown's cholesterol level is higher than only 15%of the females aged 50 and

over. The cholesterol levels among females aged 50 and over are approximately normally distributed with a

mean of 230mg/dL and a standard deviation of 25mg/dL. What is Mrs. Brown's cholesterol level? Carry your

intermediate computations to at least four decimal places. Round your answer to at least one decimal place.

Suppose that scores on a particular test are normally distributed with a mean of 130 and a standard deviation

of 18 . What is the minimum score needed to be in the top 15% of the scores on the test? Carry your

intermediate computations to at least four decimal places, and round your answer to at least one decimal place.

dev 2.1

mean 6.5

10%

Z

0.10

z 1.2816 calcutate the Z in Aleks and enter here

ANSWR 9.2

mean 51

dev 15

15%

0.85

Z

0.85

z -1.0364 calcutate the Z in Aleks and enter here

ANSWR 35.5

A newspaper article reported that people spend a mean of 6.5 hours per day watching TV, with a standard

deviation 2.1 of hours. A psychologist would like to conduct interviews with the10% of the population who

spend the most time watching TV. She assumes that the daily time people spend watching TV is normally

distributed. At least how many hours of daily TV watching are necessary for a person to be eligible for the

interview? Carry your intermediate computations to at least four decimal places. Round your answer to at least

one decimal place

Risk taking is an important part of investing. In order to make suitable investment decisions on behalf of their

customers, portfolio managers give a questionnaire to new customers to measure their desire to take financial

risks. The scores on the questionnaire are approximately normally distributed with a mean of 51 and a standard

deviation of 15. The customers with scores in the bottom 15% are described as "risk averse." What is the

questionnaire score that separates customers who are considered risk averse from those who are not? Carry

your intermediate computations to at least four decimal places. Round your answer to at least one decimal

place.

Normal distribution: Word problems

x 53000

mean 40756

dev 8000

12244

p (Z > 1.5305 )

1-P 0.9370535

0.0629 ANSWER

Since aleks only have for a given z, use the complement rule 1-

x 83

mean 81

dev 8

2

p (Z > 0.25

0.5987 ANSWER

According to a recent survey, the salaries of assistant professors have a mean of $

40,756 and a standard deviation of $8000. Assuming that the salaries of assistant

professors follow a normal distribution, find the proportion of assistant professors who

earn more than $ 53000. Round your answer to at least four decimal places.

Suppose that the annual rate of return for a common biotechnology stock is normally

distributed with a mean of 4% and a standard deviation of 4% . Find the probability

that the one-year return of this stock will be negative. Round your answer to at least

four decimal places.

x 35

mean 50

dev 10

-15

p (Z > -1.5

0.0668

x 128

mean 100

dev 20

28

p (Z > 1.4 )

0.9192 ANSWER

x 83

mean 81

dev 8

2

p (Z > 0.25 )

1-P 0.5987063

A certain test is designed to measure the satisfaction of an individual with his/her

relationship. Suppose that the scores on this test are approximately normally

distributed with a mean 50 of and a standard deviation of 10 . An individual with a

score of 35 or less is considered dissatisfied with his/her relationship. According to

this criterion, what proportion of people in relationships are dissatisfied? Round your

answer to at least four decimal places.

Suppose that the time required to complete a 1040R tax form is normally distributed

with a mean of 100 minutes and a standard deviation of 20 minutes. What proportion

of 1040R tax forms will be completed in at most 128 minutes? Round your answer to

at least four decimal places.

Suppose that pulse rates among healthy adults are normally distributed with a mean

81of beats/second and a standard deviation of 8 beats/second. What proportion of

healthy adults have pulse rates that are at least 83 beats/sec? Round your answer to

at least four decimal places.

0.4013 ANSWER

x 72

mean 71

dev 3

1

p (Z > 0.3333333 )

0.6306 ANSWER

x 56

mean 60

dev 9

-4

p (Z > -0.4444444 )

0.3284 ANSWER

Suppose that the heights of adult men in the United States are normally distributed

with a mean of 71 inches and a standard deviation of 3 inches. What proportion of the

adult men in United States are at most 6 feet tall? (Hint: 6 feet = 72 inches.) Round

your answer to at least four decimal places.

Suppose that the scores on a reading ability test are normally distributed with a mean

of 60 and a standard deviation of 9 . What proportion of individuals score at most 56

points on this test? Round your answer to at least four decimal places.

Normal approximation to binomial

at least Probabilty Type

n 40 110

p 55% 63%

25 69

-0.5

np 22

1-P 45%

Vnp(1-p) 9.9

24.5

2.5

3.146426545

0.7946

0.7866 AT LEAST

0.213 answer

n 85

p 32.0%

24 fewer Than

-0.5

np 27.2

1-P 68%

Vnp(1-p) 18.496

23.5

-3.7

4.300697618

-0.8603

0.195

Suppose that a new treatment is successful in curing a common ailment 63% of the time. If the treatment is tried on a random

sample of 110 patients, approximate the probability that at least 69 will be cured. Use the normal approximation to the binomial

with a correction for continuity.

Round your answer to at least three decimal places. Do not round any intermediate steps.

A brokerage survey reports that 36% of all individual investors have used a discount broker (one that does not charge the full

commission). If a random sample of 125 individual investors is taken, approximate the probability that fewer than 44 have used

a discount broker. Use the normal approximation to the binomial with a correction for continuity.

n 250

p 6% AT MOST

13

0.5

np 15.25

1-P 94%

Vnp(1-p) 14.31975

13.5

-1.75

3.784144553

-0.4625

0.322 answer

n 85

p 29% MORE THAN

24

0.5

np 24.65

1-P 71%

Vnp(1-p) 17.5015

24.5

-0.15

4.183479413

-0.0359

0.486

0.514 ANSWER

Suppose that 10% of the population of the U.S. is left-handed. If a random sample of 220 people

from the U.S. is chosen, approximate the probability that more than 21 are left-handed. Use the

normal approximation to the binomial with a correction for continuity.

Suppose that 14% of the people in a large city have used a hospital emergency room in the past year. If a random sample of 155

people from the city is taken, approximate the probability that at most 23 used an emergency room in the past year. Use the

normal approximation to the binomial with a correction for continuity.

Adjusted Probability

Greater than or equal to -0.5 1-P(z)

Greater than 0.5

Less than or equal to 0.5 1-P(z)

Less than -0.5

Greater than or equal to -0.5 1-P(z)

Greater than 0.5

Less than or equal to 0.5 1-P(z)

Less than -0.5

Suppose that a new treatment is successful in curing a common ailment 63% of the time. If the treatment is tried on a random

sample of 110 patients, approximate the probability that at least 69 will be cured. Use the normal approximation to the binomial

with a correction for continuity.

Round your answer to at least three decimal places. Do not round any intermediate steps.

A brokerage survey reports that 36% of all individual investors have used a discount broker (one that does not charge the full

commission). If a random sample of 125 individual investors is taken, approximate the probability that fewer than 44 have used

a discount broker. Use the normal approximation to the binomial with a correction for continuity.

Greater than or equal to -0.5 1-P(z)

Greater than 0.5

Less than or equal to 0.5 1-P(z)

Less than -0.5

Greater than or equal to -0.5 1-P(z)

Greater than 0.5

Less than or equal to 0.5 1-P(z)

Less than -0.5

Suppose that 10% of the population of the U.S. is left-handed. If a random sample of 220 people

from the U.S. is chosen, approximate the probability that more than 21 are left-handed. Use the

normal approximation to the binomial with a correction for continuity.

Suppose that 14% of the people in a large city have used a hospital emergency room in the past year. If a random sample of 155

people from the city is taken, approximate the probability that at most 23 used an emergency room in the past year. Use the

normal approximation to the binomial with a correction for continuity.

at least

Population standard deviation

27 Sum ----> 145 squareroot ---> 4

28 count ---> 5 1

27 Total 29 4

32 9

31 4

Sum ---> 22

4.4

Answer 2.10 already rounded

do not touch do not touch

Probability of union: Basic

etandbe twoeventssuch thatand.

P(B)

0.8

P(C )

0.18

P(B)*P(C ) 0.144

(a) Determine , given that B and C are independent .

0.836

(b) Determine , given that B and C are mutually exclusive

0.98

Do not round your responses.

ANSWER

ANSWER

Predictions from the least-squares regression line

y= 41.07 -0.48 slope run the sum of the table in ALEKS

Observed Predicated

x y

23.7 27.8 29.7

+ or - for slope

Observed 1363.4 4990.80 Predictated difference

An advertising firm wishes to demonstrate to its clients the effectiveness of the advertising campaigns it has conducted. The following bivariate data on fifteen recent campaigns,

including the cost of each campaign (in millions of dollars) and the resulting percentage increase in sales following the campaign, were presented by the firm. Based on these data, we

would compute the least-squares regression line to be , with representing campaign cost and representing the resulting percentage increase in sales. (This line is shown in Figure 1,

along with a scatter plot of the data.)

The managers of an electric utility wish to examine the relationship between temperature and electricity use in the utility's service region during the summer months. In particular, the

managers wish to be able to predict total electricity use for a day from the maximum temperature that day. The bivariate data below give the maximum temperature (in degrees

Fahrenheit) and the electricity use (in thousands of kilowatt hours) of electricity generated and sold for a random sample of fifteen summer days. A best-fitting line for the data, obtained

from least-squares regression, is given by , in which denotes the maximum temperature and denotes the electricity use. This line is shown in the Figure 1 scatter plot.

Managers of an outdoor coffee stand in Coast City are examining the relationship between (hot) coffee sales and daily temperature, hoping to be able to predict a day's total coffee sales

from the maximum temperature that day. The bivariate data values for the coffee sales (denoted by , in dollars) and the maximum temperature (denoted by , in degrees Fahrenheit) for

each of fifteen randomly selected days during the past year are given below

run the sum of the table in ALEKS

Less than or Greater than?

-3627.40

An advertising firm wishes to demonstrate to its clients the effectiveness of the advertising campaigns it has conducted. The following bivariate data on fifteen recent campaigns,

including the cost of each campaign (in millions of dollars) and the resulting percentage increase in sales following the campaign, were presented by the firm. Based on these data, we

would compute the least-squares regression line to be , with representing campaign cost and representing the resulting percentage increase in sales. (This line is shown in Figure 1,

along with a scatter plot of the data.)

The managers of an electric utility wish to examine the relationship between temperature and electricity use in the utility's service region during the summer months. In particular, the

managers wish to be able to predict total electricity use for a day from the maximum temperature that day. The bivariate data below give the maximum temperature (in degrees

Fahrenheit) and the electricity use (in thousands of kilowatt hours) of electricity generated and sold for a random sample of fifteen summer days. A best-fitting line for the data, obtained

from least-squares regression, is given by , in which denotes the maximum temperature and denotes the electricity use. This line is shown in the Figure 1 scatter plot.

Managers of an outdoor coffee stand in Coast City are examining the relationship between (hot) coffee sales and daily temperature, hoping to be able to predict a day's total coffee sales

from the maximum temperature that day. The bivariate data values for the coffee sales (denoted by , in dollars) and the maximum temperature (denoted by , in degrees Fahrenheit) for

each of fifteen randomly selected days during the past year are given below

Rejecting unreasonable claims based on average statistics

Last year all of their clients made a profit of at least. 9% FALSE

Last year at least one of their clients made a profit of exactly 9% FALSE

Two years ago some of their clients made a profit of at least 9% FALSE

Last year fewer than half of their clients made a profit ofor less 9% FALSE

Last year at least one of their clients made a profit of more than 14% FALSE

last years ago some of their clients made a profit of less than 12% TRUE

Last year more than half of their clients had a starting salary of at least 38,500 $ FALSE

Last year some of their clients had a starting salary of exactly 38,500 $ FALSE

Last year some of their clients had a starting salary of at least 38,500 $ TRUE

Two years ago at least one of their clients had a starting salary of at least 38,500 $ FALSE

Last year at least one of their clients had a starting salary of less than 41,000 $ TRUE

Last year some of their clients had a starting salary of less than 35,000 $ FALSE

Last year at least one of their clients had a starting salary of more than 37,000 $ TRUE

Last month all of their patients lost at least 6lbs FALSE

Last month, the number of their clients who lost 6lbsor more was equal to

the number of their clients who lost 6lbsor less. FALSE

Last month some of their patients lost exactly 6lbs FALSE

Last month some of their patients lost more than 3lbs TRUE

Last month at least one of their patients lost more than 2lbs TRUE

This month at least one of their patients will lose at least 6lbs FALSE

Last month at least one of their patients lost at least 8lbs TRUE

Last month all of their patients lost less than 14lbs FALSE

Last month some of their patients lost 7lbs or more 7lbs TRUE

Last year all of their freshman students had a score of less than1280on the

exam 1280 FALSE

Last year, the number of their freshman students who had a score of more

thanon the exam was equal to the number of their freshman students who

had a score of less than 1140on the exam 1140 FALSE

Last year some of their freshman students had a score of exactly1140on the

exam 1140 FALSE

Last year some of their freshman students had a score of1140 or above on

the exam 1140 TRUE

Next year at least one of their freshman students will have a score of at

leaston the exam 1140 FALSE

Last year at least one of their freshman students had a score of more than

900on the exam 900 TRUE

Last year some of their freshman students had a score of at least 1180on

the exam

Two months ago some of their patients lost at least 8 lbs 8lbs FALSE

gain 9% profit average

gain 9% profit average

gain 9% profit average

gain 9% profit average

gain 9% profit average

gain7% profit average

starting salary $38,500 avg

starting salary $38,500 avg

starting salary $38,500 avg

starting salary $38,500 avg

starting salary $38,500 avg

starting salary $39,500 avg

starting salary $39,000 avg

Lost 6 lbs average

Lost 6 lbs average

Lost 6 lbs average

Lost 6 lbs average

Lost 6 lbs average

Lost 6 lbs average

Lost 8 lbs average

Lost 8 lbs average

Lost 7 lbs average

1280 aveg

1280 aveg

1280 aveg

1280 aveg

1280 aveg

1180

1180

lost 8 lbs

sample standard deviation

10 Sum ----> 50 squareroot ---> 0

7 count ---> 5 9 Devia Sum ---> 18

12 Total dev 10 4 4.5

9 1

12 4 Answer 2.12

do not touch do not touch

already rounded

X Y Least-Squares Regression

7.7 4.5

6.8 4.5

9.4 2.7

2.6 8.5

6.2 4.5

8.3 3.7

1.6 10.2

2.1 9.7

9 2.6

5.2 7.1

3.4 7.7

4 7.5

2.8 9.9

10 1.7

5 6.4

8.2 3.2

6.1 4.8

4.6 7.9

Total 103 107.10

x1-x --> -95.3 -102.6 <--y1-y

power 9082.09 10526.76

squareroot 9082.09 102.6

multi power 9777.78

multi sqrrt 10.12917

answer 965.310

Sketching the least-squares regression line

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

0 2 4 6 8

Least-Squares Regression

Least-Squares Regression

y = -1.0011x + 11.678

8 10 12

Squares Regression

Least-Squares Regression

Linear (Least-Squares Regression)

Let be X: the annual rate of return for a common biotechnology stock

P(X < 0) = P((X - 0.065)/0.05 < (0 - 0.065)/0.05) = P(Z < - 1.3) = 0.9032

x 0

mean 4

sd 5

-0.8

P(Z < - 1.3) = 0.9032 use ALEKS calculator TO FIND ANSWER

since aleks do not have this, use 1-P(Z -1.3)

Suppose that the annual rate of return for a common biotechnology

stock is normally distributed with a mean of 6.5% and a standard

deviation of 5%. Find the probability that the one-year return of this

stock will be negative. Round your answer to at least four decimal places

Standardized Normal Distribution. Yahoo name

T Distribution

Consider a t distribution with 26 degrees of freedom. Compute .

Round your answer to at least three decimal places

Use aleks calculator

1-P(t >-1.51 with df 26)

Consider a t distribution with 16 degrees of freedom. Find the value of such that .

Round your answer to at least three decimal places.

enter this in ALEKS Calcuator c = t

Compute:

enter as 1-2P(t>1.83)

Find value of C

enter as is in ALEKS

Compute:

enter as 1-2P(t>1.67)

Find value of C

enter as is in ALEKS

enter this in ALEKS Calcuator c = t

code to use on P(z0

Greater than or equal to

Greater than

Less than or equal to

Less than

0.07155

0.95 17

0.05

0.025 df 17

T

X

; DF

Y

0.1 20

0.9 df 20

-0.5 1-P(z) more than

0.5 at most

at least

0.5 1-P(z)

-0.5

Tree diagrams for conditional probabilities

P ( B | D ) = 0.6

P(D B) = 0.24 0.45

P(D) = 0.4 0.55

P(D B) = 0.16

P (B | D ) = 0.4

P ( B | D ) = 0.35

P(D B) = 0.21

P(D) = 0.6

P(D B) = 0.39

P ( B | D ) = 0.65

1.0000

D denote the event that a randomly chosen student (enrolled in the course) regularly attended the discussion sessions,

D denote the event that a randomly chosen student did not regularly attend the discussion sessions

B denote the event that a randomly chosen student received a grade of "B" or higher in the cours

B denote the event that a randomly chosen student did not receive a grade of "B" or higher in the course

Means is accents

what is the probability that a randomly chosen student received a grade of "B" or higher in the course

what is the probability that a randomly chosen student did not receive a grade of "B" or higher in the course

denote the event that a randomly chosen student (enrolled in the course) regularly attended the discussion sessions,

denote the event that a randomly chosen student did not regularly attend the discussion sessions

denote the event that a randomly chosen student received a grade of "B" or higher in the cours

denote the event that a randomly chosen student did not receive a grade of "B" or higher in the course

what is the probability that a randomly chosen student did not receive a grade of "B" or higher in the course

Sample # --> 32

Column 1 Colunm 2 Col 1 * Col b --->

3 6 18

6 7.75 46.5

14 10 140

9 11.75 105.75

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Sum ----> 310.25

ANSWER 9.695313

Trend lines for yearly data

t= 34.44

3.13

beginning year 1993

ending year 2012

19

20

total 97.04

t= 21.11

0.44

beginning year 1995

ending year 2012

q1 q22 q3 q4

17 1 2 3 4

69 70 71 72

t 51.47 51.91 52.35 52.79

The following time series data represent the yearly amounts spent on advertising (in

millions of dollars) by a large toy company:

45.4, 41.5, 45.0, 50.6, 60.2, 63.7, 73.9, 73.8

This series of data begins in year (i.e., time period corresponds to ). Using regression

analysis, a linear trend line of the form was fit to the data. Using this information,

generate a forecast for the total yearly amount of money that will be spent on advertising

in

The following time series data represent the quarterly amounts spent on advertising (in

millions of dollars) by a large toy company (read across):

Quarter 1 Quarter 2 Quarter 3 Quarter 4

10.9 12.0 10.4 12.1

11.0 11.4 11.0 11.1

11.1 13.2 14.1 13.8

12.0 14.0 14.8 13.1

11.9 13.8 13.7 15.2

12.9 16.2 13.3 17.6

14.1

This series of data begins in Quarter of (i.e., time period corresponds to the first quarter

of ). Using regression analysis, a linear trend line of the form was fit to the data. Using this

information, generate a forecast for the total yearly amount of money that will be spent

on advertising in 2012

each year = 1 quarter

4 quarters per year

total 208.52

Explained and unexplained variation and the least-squares regression line

the value of the residual is

the value of R

2

is the proportion

y = 46.94 0.82 x 257.926 SSR 3148.968

( 257.30 252.70 ) -5.23 SST 3590.248

or

or

The variation in the sample values that is not explained by the estimated linear relationship between X and Y is given by the

error sum of squares (SSE)

Bivariate data obtained for the paired variables and are shown below, in the table labelled "Sample data." These data are

plotted in the scatter plot in Figure 1, which also displays the least-squares regression line for the data. The equation for this

line is .

In the "Calculations" table are calculations involving the observed values, the mean of these values, and the values

predicted from the regression equation.

0.88

The least-squares regression line given above is said to be a line which "best fits" the sample data. The term "best fits" is used

because the line has an equation that minimizes the error sum of square

The variation in the sample values that is explained by the estimated linear relationship between X and Y is given by the

regression sum of squares (SSR

The total variation in the sampley values is given by thetotal sum of squares

The variation in the sample values that is not explained by the estimated linear relationship between X and Y is given by the

error sum of squares (SSE)

Bivariate data obtained for the paired variables and are shown below, in the table labelled "Sample data." These data are

plotted in the scatter plot in Figure 1, which also displays the least-squares regression line for the data. The equation for this

line is .

In the "Calculations" table are calculations involving the observed values, the mean of these values, and the values

predicted from the regression equation.

The least-squares regression line given above is said to be a line which "best fits" the sample data. The term "best fits" is used

because the line has an equation that minimizes the error sum of square

The variation in the sample values that is explained by the estimated linear relationship between X and Y is given by the

regression sum of squares (SSR

The total variation in the sampley values is given by thetotal sum of squares

Seasonal indexes: Multiplicative model

Tt= 739 15 t Quarter 4 per year

starting quarter # 1 corresponds to quarter #

forecast quarter # 1.23

ending year 2005

starting year 2000

5

20

19

1024

Answer 1259.52

Tt= 516 3 t Monthly

forecast quarter # 0.49

ending year 2006

starting year 2003

remaining months 3

3

36

40

636

Answer 311.64

The quarterly sales volume (in thousands of dollars) for a manufacturer of snow skis is seasonal (there tend to be more skis sold during

fall and winter months than during warmer months). The following table shows the quarterly seasonal indexes for the company's sales:

Quarter 1 Quarter 2 Quarter 3 Quarter 4

1.22 0.71 0.57 1.51

Using several years of sales data, beginning in Quarter 2 of 1999 (i.e., corresponds to Quarter of ), the manufacturer summarized that

the trend line that describes the quarterly sales (in thousands of dollars) has the form . Assuming that a multiplicative model can be

used to describe the sales data, generate a forecast for the total dollar sales that the company can expect to receive in Quarter 4 of

2004 .

Express your answer in thousands of dollars.

The quarterly sales volume (in thousands of dollars) for a manufacturer of snow skis is seasonal (there tend to be more skis sold during

fall and winter months than during warmer months). The following table shows the quarterly seasonal indexes for the company's sales:

Quarter 1 Quarter 2 Quarter 3 Quarter 4

1.22 0.71 0.57 1.51

Using several years of sales data, beginning in Quarter 2 of 1999 (i.e., corresponds to Quarter of ), the manufacturer summarized that

the trend line that describes the quarterly sales (in thousands of dollars) has the form . Assuming that a multiplicative model can be

used to describe the sales data, generate a forecast for the total dollar sales that the company can expect to receive in Quarter 4 of

2004 .

Express your answer in thousands of dollars.

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