You are on page 1of 13

Judaism and the Jewish People

Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.


The Jewish People
Seat work

Students will quietly enter the room, find your seats and
discuss your three sticky notes on pages 182-187 with
your row group.


Central Question:
How is knowing about their past important to modern
day Jews? (1.5d)



The Jewish People
Judaism and the Jewish People
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
The Origins of Judaism
Quiz show:

What is the Diaspora?
Jewish communities outside the ancient Jewish
homeland.

Who were the First and second kings of Israel?
Saul and David

The Origins of Judaism
Judaism and the Jewish People
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
The Jewish People
Think about how groups disagree.

What sometimes happens
to the losers of the disagreements?
Judaism and the Jewish People
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
The Jewish People

A kingdom emerged in the Land of Israel,
but it was later divided and conquered.

Over time, Jewish communities spread to
many different parts of the ancient world.

The religious and ethical teachings of
Judaism influenced later religions and
civilizations.



Key Ideas
Judaism and the Jewish People
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
The Jewish People

judgein the Hebrew Bible, a leader who
could rally the Israelites to defend their land

exileseparation from ones homeland

synagogueJewish house of worship
Scripturesacred writing

prophetperson believed to be chosen by
God to bring truth to the people

righteousnessacting or living in a way that is
ethically right and obeys Gods laws

Key Terms
Judaism and the Jewish People
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
The Teachings of Judaism

Jews call Moses our teacher for giving them their
laws.

Rabbis began to interpret how the laws should be
followed. The discussions were written in the
Talmud, finished about A.D. 600.

Because these written works are vital to Judaism,
many Jews work hard to understand and comment
on them.
The Importance of Law and Learning
Judaism and the Jewish People
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
The Jewish People

What is our main source
for early Jewish history?

In the Hebrew Bible, what was a judge?
The Kingdom of Israel
Judaism and the Jewish People
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
The Jewish People

Saul, David, and Solomon were the first three kings of
Israel.

Solomon, Davids son, had the First Temple constructed.

Shortly after Solomons death, a civil war occurred, and
the kingdom of Israel was split in two parts, Judah in the
south and Israel in the north.
The Kingdom of Israel
Judaism and the Jewish People
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
The Jewish People

The Kingdom of Israel
The northern kingdom of Israel ended when the
Assyrians conquered it.

About a hundred years later, the southern kingdom of
Judah was conquered by the Babylonians. They forced
the Jews to leave their homeland.

Finally, Cyrus the Great of Persia allowed the Jews to
return to Jerusalem.

In Jerusalem, the Jews rebuilt the city walls and erected
the Second Temple.

Judaism and the Jewish People
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
The Jewish People

The Diaspora
Describe how the Diaspora changed the way Jews
worshiped.

The Maccabees rebelled against Greek rule.

The Roman empire later ruled the Land of Israel.

Rome destroyed Jerusalem, dispersed the
Jews, and renamed the area Palestine.

Judaism and the Jewish People
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
The Jewish People

The Diaspora
Judaism and the Jewish People
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
The Jewish People

Which two religions share with Judaism
a belief in only one God?

Christianity and Islam

Of these three religions, which came first?
How can you tell?


The Legacy of Judaism
Judaism and the Jewish People
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
The Jewish People


How are religion and culture connected?