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13566738 Oil and Gas Production Handbook

13566738 Oil and Gas Production Handbook

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Published by: Muhamad Firdaus Azizan on Dec 22, 2009
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06/15/2013

Condition monitoring encompasses both structural monitoring and condition
monitoring for process equipment such as valves and rotating machinery.

For structural monitoring, the devices are corrosion meters (essentially plates that
corrode, and where that corrosion may be metered), tension force meters and free
swinging strings. These are logged to a central structure condition monitoring
system, to portray the forces acting on the installation, and the effect those forces are
having.

Condition monitoring of machinery is generally used for large rotating apparatus,
such as turbines, compressors, generators and large pumps. Input devices are
vibration meters, temperature (bearing, exhaust gases etc.) as well as number of
start/stops, running time, lubrication intervals and over-current trips. These values

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are logged and compared with reference values to detect abnormal conditions and
indicate when preventive maintenance is required or an equipment fault occurs (i.e.
maintenance triggers)

For other process equipment such as valves the system can register closing times,
flow and torque. A valve which exhibits a negative trend in closing time or torque
(“sticktion”) can be diagnosed. Generally “maintenances triggers” are based on
equipment diagnostics to predict when preventive maintenance is required. Fieldbus
mounted transmitters and actuators are particularly well suited to condition
monitoring diagnostics.

Maintenance support functionality will plan maintenance based on input from
condition monitoring systems and a periodic maintenance plant. This will allow the
system to schedule personnel for such tasks as lubrication or cleaning, and plan
larger tasks such as turbine and compressor periodic maintenance.

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