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TEXTILE

PRINTING

R.B.CHAVAN
INSTIUTE OF TEXTILES
BAHIR DAR UNIVERSITY
BAHIR DAR
ETHIOPIA
TEXTILE PRINTING
LECTURE 1

INTRODUCTION TO TEXTILE PRINTING


2. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DYEING AND PRINTING
3. METHODS OF OBTAINING PRINT LIKE EFFECT OTHER
THAN PRINTING
4. TEXTILE PRINTING STUDY ( METHODS OF PRINTING, STYLES OF
PRINTING
5. METHODS OF PRINTING
6. APPROXIMATE PERIOD OF DEVELOPMENT OF DIFFERENT METHODS
OF PRINTING
7. HERITAGE BASED TECHNOLOGIES AND SCIENCE BASED
TECHNOLOGIES
8. WORLD MARKET SHARE OF PRINTING BY DIFFERENT METHODS
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN
DYEING AND PRINTING

DYEING
UNIFORM COLOURATION ALONG
LENGTH AND WIDTH OF FABRIC
ONLY SINGLE COLOUR IS
POSSIBLE.
NO DIFFERENCE IN COLOUR
BETWEEN FRONT AND BACK
SIDE OF FABRIC
AQUEOUS DYEING MEDIUM OF
LOW VISCOSITY

DYEING IN BATCHWISE,
CONTINUOUS OR SEMI-
CONTINUOUS METHOD.
DYEING IN FIBRE, YARN,
FABRIC, GARMENT FORM
PRINTING
LOCALLIZED DYEING
COLOUR IS APPLIED LOCALLY
IN THE FORM OF
DESIGN/PATTERN
SINGLE COLOR OR
MULTICOLOR DESIGN
LOW VISCOSITY MEDIUM
WOULD SPREAD THE COLOUR
BY CAPILLARY ACTION, DOES
NOT MAINTAIN THE
SHARPNESS OF THE DESIGN.
AQUEOUS MEDIUM OF HIGH
VISCOSITY, PREVENT THE
COLOUR SPREADING
FABRIC PRINTING IN OPEN
WIDTH FORM ONLY

FABRIC PRINTING IS MOST


COMMON COMPARED TO YARN
AND GARMENT PRINTING,
EXCEPTION T-SHIRT PRINTING
PRINT LIKE
EFFECTS

WEAVING APPLIQUE
USING OR PATCH
COLOURED WORK
YARN

KNITTING
USING
COLOURED
YARN
EMBROIDERY
PRINT LIKE
EFFECTS
TIE-
DYE

BATIK
PRINTING STUDY

STYLES OF PRINTING

DIRECT
STYLE

PRINTING OF SINGLE PRINTING OF SINGLE


OR MULTICOLOURS ON OR MULTICOLOURS
WHITE FABRIC ON WHITE FABRIC
PREVENTION OF
RESIST STYLE COLOUR
FIXATION AT
THE PRINTED
C PORTION W
O H
L I
O T
R E
R R
E
E S
S I
S
I T
T
RESIST STYLE
DESTRUCTION
OF COLOUR AT
DISCHARGE STYLE
THE PRINTED
PORTION
C W
O H
L I
O T
R E

D D
I I
S S
C C
H H
A A
G G
E E RESIST STYLE
BLOCK PRINTING
SPRAY/STENCIL
PRINTING
R
O
L
L
E
R
P
R
I
N
T
I
N
G
MANUAL

S
C
R
E
E
N

P
R
I
N
T
I
N
FLAT BED SCREEN
PRINTING
ROTARY SCREEN
BATCH TRANSFER

CONTINUOUS TRANSFER TRANSFER PRINTING


DIGITAL
PRINTIN
G
B
A
T
I
K
Approximate period of
commercialization
Method Period Origin
Block Ancient India
Roller Printing 1785 Scotland
Manual Screen 1900 England
Auto. Flat bed 1940 Switzerland
Rotary 1963 Portugal
Transfer 1968 France
Printing
Inkjet, Xerox 1990 USA
Heritage based
Technologies
Block Printing

Tie-dye

Batik

Spray/Stencil

Human skill based

Nation’s pride

Non replaceable

Unlimited life
Science based
Technologies
Roller printing
Screen printing: Flat bed,
Rotary screen printing
Transfer printing
Digital printing

Machine based
Replaceable
Limited life
PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY TRENDS
World Production
share

• Rotary Screen Printing 60%

• Automatic Flat Bed 18%

• Other methods 22%