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no"nopBi4i6eH"boTb ec'bK4 gpyri4 ; rofi o6raxaJlgr-r-re HerlPeKffi,cf{aTo
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go6n nrpaeHcTB0 r{ B.b np0}t3sogdTBcrToHA }r{en630 14 CTOMAHa,
KOPIToCX OCHOBaTaHA C"I:BpeMeHI'{aTa HHEyCTpHS'
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paSBHBanoBerlecaMocTogTenHo'3au{oToBHaC'!ilIeoTB"bltbmo-
''ioxtuara qacrb or"b rieo6xognmnrt n xpaHn k cypoBi'l Marepn-
nnn. t{pest Hacrofi.{r4na pa6clra H pa:yMHr4 r,atpxn at o6nac"ru.
Ta Ha sei"ueAtnraeTs H cKoToBbAcTBOTo,repMaHcKr,rtlTbHapoA;l,
cilolyrspl Aa cn ooerneqn npexPaHara or"b ioberBeHors nFoH3'
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nr'pno utcro Mefl{gy netnxnrt E'bP}fiaBH.
Ho cneg,r, Karo Mr4Haxanlpenrt crPaxoBe' Ha cqeHara
Hgntse Bbrlpoca 3a orHernris npoeNnqua Ensact u, Ilotapuarna
v ga oMl,rBaHenerHoro orb noPa)ReHneroB'b 1870 rognHa.
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crBara Ha HaPoE'bH ynPaBHI'lLtHH no4'b ro3H xHnHos'b HeMoIu'
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xnnHo3b MOIKe ga ce o6ncnn hcroPHqecnara Heclo6pa3Hocrb,
peny6nnxancxa
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orr Qpanqysxaa Hapogb aSconnrna P-ycKa MoHapxnx.
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Egunr' 6tr:rnr norregt Ha noJll4ruqecxnrt cr'6Hrng el
Eepola npeAn aofiHara ilre HH AoBeEe Ao HcrnhlcKntt npnsrnn
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cKJrror{r4 tpofittma c}n3t Mexgy l-epuanna, Ancrpnn u Pycul
xoilro HMarre 3a Irenb o6egneqaeaHe Ha Mn?a v 3ana3Bane c'b3'
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cxara sofiHa r,r EepnnHcxne KoHrPecbr Pycnn Hsntge orl' rpofi'
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Vranus. Bl 1891 roghHa ce noARHca c'brrarxeHHero uexgy Py'
cvia vr QpaHqua nofl,-o llp€,{norl Aa ce sana3n e-eponeficxnt MHP'b'
Koraro rbfi ort HHKoro He ce HaPyuaBarle. Ilogl' rasn $optuy'
na $panuy3Koro nPaBHre.IIcrBo KPI4eue crPeMneHHero cH K'bMl'
peBaHu'b 14 Hcxaure .qa nPuBneqe u flnrnng' Kotlro ce orxa3a Ea
intse Bb c'brnaueHHero, MaKaPb ro Aa 6&ure HacoqeHo npo'
rner l-eprotaHnn.I-epuaHcxoro nPannreJlcreo, go6pe oPHeHrHpa'
Ho B'bpxy crpeMJrenHero Ha QpaHqraa ce noMx,rtH Aa PearHpa
npornBb cbrraueHHero qPest npnBnnqaHero Ha *Typur'ra. Bl
1t]98 ronnna Huneparop'brb nocena UaPr4rpagr n Epycanvv'b vl
ee o6csn riprantenr na'300 MHnHoHa MoxaMegaHH orb qtnng
cetr'r, a cnegylou{ara ro,qrHa fepnanna-nonytlu
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flurlna Beqe Sanoqna cnonrt nPefoBoPH 3a BnllSaue Bb c'brra'
rxeHnero nporHB'b l-epuaHt'tl. Bl 191 1 rognsa L4 Eqyrvr' c'blo3'
r{HK:bHa 4eurpbnHnrf glpxaan HSnon3yBaMopanHara cHJIa Ha
rpofinun ctlost H aHexcHpa o6u:npnara rypcKa o6nacru nl fl$'
pHKa * lPHnonH.
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repn orb gtpxaenrt na Eapona, Rol4To H-enpexxcHaro nPono'
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1042 noncxn H nnaHHHcHu.6arapen.
62 rexea 6arapen.
549 ucxagpona,
Fenrnlicxara apMH, ce crcroel
o'b Ko,roHeMo)r{axa
Han*n*o ..Tuouo#"rt"ff;:.r;dtffi:
o*
Ha repMaHcRoroHeHagefinonacrxnreHr,te.
n.bpBoHaqanHo
eacroeueorb 4 nex.
, ,lX;:T;:HXr:or-"
"
48 gPYxrailr'r.
' 36 nolcxpr Sarapen.
9 ray6raunn 6aiaoen.
9 rexr<a 6arapea.
20 ecnagpona.'
a'
***
I
Fepmanqnrt gbpx{exa,Bb MHpHo
BpeMe oxono 600,000
: Eyruu. Tt ero6nnasrpaxatZf"ex.'f,.u^"*^,
crByBaull4, 31 peaepaHl-ri]._39- orl RoHro 51 ,qefi_
nanfrLpna !r 11 xaea nepuitct<w.
! @par'qyglrrt npe.qnonaraxa, qe
B.rrnlpurri, ^iairi"l
qarb u.1eynorpt6arr..llL_..:lp*o"puru"", iip*aH_
oqe,Bb nepko.qaua mo6nnn:au,z"rd,t ra 24 Kopnycn. Ho
J""_-.^*;":"I:'_v':
BH!4rB Er'tut4sul;;;";:::'X;::"Ai::. 9olllHpaxa. orb Pe3ep'
#Jffi T{;:;";""f,
?,i*ru;:*|"h
i:"##oTo";*0"*;;::#ff
flpn ectxn Ropnych repruauqnrt
nHqecrBorex(Ka aprunepHe(Ao E HMaxaBHyruhrelrHo
--r4..'v.r'rv KoJlH"
6arapen).
Il. Ilaanr" na eofiHara r.l cacpb.u,oToqeHge.
flo ornou.lenue nJtaHaHa aofiHara
eofiua H3n"rrKHaxa at o6uloeeponeficrara
ncuqxizrt ;;.r;;;;i Koan,q,oHrunrt norznn,
rge'ro actr!{ c.blosFrnKb rne,qa cu obe3neqn noBeqe cno6o4a
Ha ,qeiicreaera,qa HaroBapn .qa
rpyrnr-b cb noBeqe Tex{ecri,r. llo.
rr4rr4rdarana geert.::?3.T_*._u rpynupo3xa
KoBoAcrBo,*o r"":?:.lHnrt HMaue o6u-1o px-
qa66ue paoort*a csoart
c]}BceMbcaMocTorrTenHo. nnaHoBe
" @paHqysxnn reHepaneHb ula6n H3yqaBaiue
abpoarnnrt HaqHrir., xafi.Hanpegr,
"r;pr;i"#.,iliirrn""
-
si se;cr';;-;;
;" ;;; ;;puiio,n nraHa *u
".f;^:r-:U-,;Huff#;" "i,i"a,u,
F
#*" .rt{aat*fa.m,wr,

6p*",2* *#.1 r
u,t&!orn6
*i, I &,
J{ofu^I

fut,rrr,o ""
"'itlo- caa4"t*"ta
o ' "{ |
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ry
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6, x ,-
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o o20 &o

CxemaNe 1.
flnanr na eofiHara n crcptgororenre.
7. Boilu.ama nnntnt,a,.
ute 6x de HacmnIna,m
oou ; ; ;-'# -'.;;;;";fffr,:,^":jto_-{?nTu er.Ha.
";; BoloBamb
ap'lkrn: "Y::::fr.::#.'(:
o" 3HaqH Bb Spa'qycxara
aTai{yBaMb, ronoptxa
u*roorr"r, BoeHHH
Hara'
eonna
""
il.;fi;:i;tff t":ffl iqexisv''o"a',*L,*nuuu,,
"a"t"t*"
seneHa sasara ; I{a
:: Ha apMaeraesHaorpe.
*,;; ce ff"";#|tT:H
crpeMHM"b ga_ogocrr."uri Jiuu**.r*o
orr .qeficre
^orr^
:: :aBHc,4{;;; :lJ?"#Tffi; T:.::^:y* ;;";;;'r ser;creae
Qpaxqy:t{it, qucro noot'HHHRa' KaKTonpaetxa
Fiacrxnaren"uru
z.eerepNrr
gn""u:,,_,
;;*,:_it:T
;.4r'l:q:, HaT,"?i'ffi::#ff:
iffiH;:#i,l'iu F::ogr';
nrepso;;;r:ifii ?ii'#iilH eq,rr.bcirporirr,
orr

" i{T"-trdj;t*5#
X[H:;X*fg'";iur "'
;Tti
uu" *u,"ni .i.pr,,b,*
Flff^tryffi
ua p. Moserr"b. crpaHr,r
H seBrraslu-F;r:*ff"fftffJ#'f,j;".ou*"u
f-lpn roaa
no'raraJ!.rr,se $peHcx*a-r€H€p€JreHbr4ad: e
-;o'u,f:l:qart
rpelfieHlte uorart ga npen-
n*nrJi, Hapyudrrb Heyrparrarera

$
"u

pr,npocrpa""';
+*ru;t:te#3
* fut;,*n::#T="i,HH:,*1, rf,C6uu*u.qa
na^b,Raro $J|"r:t::" .1;1r*l:Huvsidrt
'*un'u3.u
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'ii

.naqix *",* oI.;"?"ii_l=;"Xffi,"


naren!.{arer
"a :: Xfff:""#TH;
Ifffi;nffffi T.".*1-ry;
r*s"J*i-il*.r*nare'r*a
ecfrrra,
epen.
sanoco u.h
J#;;{ffi.!,1'l&l
::fl[:;T_
i, ar:rruffiH:
ry_
i!.
f:'t3#::ilffJ:ffiT""t;"ii,#TTl'.,6p"i,u'n1J.
6e nacoqeHi .
repr,raHc*r"r,yaip; ;*a:,r:J,rT:"
r{ecr'oro ua
crcptgoron*n"rt'.Trir,*iu^ _yf.ffH Hill
i ,,."_,.3:
_Bofisara
nrirt napog*
u{e 6xEe xpafino n:
H no noJrox{eH,e.

$ tsb3MolRHHHHro" ""'--*i;:"";'"::::-
*r4sroulr'rrertra3a B"bopxx(e.
Mox{e ,qe flpo,n"r"Jrx{H_
Il"roro...l_lu t_JrOrnu
I
s;
." ;;;o;X*HiX
lpesc,ua ".1* nrt crpae, ol'"'u,up,
@-paHrlysr-rrt # :"oTf
si6paeoxa, Hcropslrec*u* 1"1:1:u orpoMHli aPMHH.

;3}"'Il,;21"tr#'J#HiT5ffi "TJfi"ffi
ly?.-"-."ff #?:,1f
4. flpw cbcrar

;iHo"T,;:-#ffi "i:"if-:#'-'i#Hi;H?':[?.,.f f:i';-ff


;
It__6"p6",":';dJ BH";,;Xi
i#tr:, pyaiuf^ up*rr,*;:H",:#HiT
naraJ'b ron*rqn Hagexig'
,a,A;ffafeHepa-
"i
I

"nefl'b ula6a 6t o6arpsaH'b ou4e orb M!4PHoBPelte c'b KoHBeHqHt{


,Ea opraHn3qpa cepuosHo HacrxnJIeHHe nt Hslo'rHa flpycua, sa
ga ilpHBnet{e KonKoIo ce Mofi{e noBeqe rePMaHcKHcHJlH.
5. Ha Eenrnficxus reHePaneHl' ula6l 6t noqraeeHa saAa'
qara Aa o6esne.{H Heyrpannrera Ha g'bpx<aBara, r. €. ga or6pa'
HCBq rePHTOpHtTa H Ea He no3BoJrH MI{HaBaHeTOHa qy)r(Al{
aoficxN npe3t Heq. 3a nocrnraHeTo Ha ra3H llenb aPMHsra ce
crcp€gororn npe,q'b p. felq, HenocPegcrBeHHo bagr' xpenocrrra
Iluexrr, a eAHa gr'reN:r{s 6t -ocraBeHa 3a ycHnBaHe raPHH3oHa
Ha KPenocrbTa.
6. AHrnnficKHfl reHepaaent ula6t Bb MHPHoBPeMece crPe'
Hesfe Aa gana3a go xpafi caMocrogreJlliocTbra Ha cBoqra aPuug
14 ce sBH Ha 6ofinoro nore 6esr' npegBaPnTenHo o6pa6oreal
nJraH'b. [hpanrrr excnegnquoHeHb KoPnyc'b orb 4- nexornN r
1 uaaa.nepuficxa gnnnghu nonyqn 3a,qaqa ,qa ce c-r'cp*4oro'rn Ha
ntsHq Qnanra Ha Qpencxara aptus oKoJlo Mo6fioxl n ga
,Eeficraynb camocroereJlHo B'I' BP'b3Racr' QpaHuYsnrt. Arrranl
c.r ceoera go6poeon.lecxa apmHs He 6true roroBa sa rontMara
enponeficxa aofiHa. Ho uope rs ce aHraxHPa HanlnHo cl $no'
Tara cH, 3a ga o6esne,{u cso6oArioro nnaBaHe Ha cbrrarueH-
cxnrt xopa6n. Ho sa cyuara c.eHanrtcearue H3B'bHPeAHo nPeA'
nasnnBo. Karo ce HaAsBaIrIe, qe SpaHqy:urt qe HsgaPrfiarb
nr'penrt yAaPH n Ile i{ EaAbrb B'b3MOtllHOCrb g,a noErorBH e.qHa
Fro-cHflHa aPMHs.
C.rpsa Me)fi,qy cDpanqnr n Pyctar 6t Sucro BoeHeHt' cb
roqHo onpegtnenH BoeHRH qenx. Spanqysnrt oqe orb MHPHo
Epeue, .lpear HRoHoMHqecHHorcTxnxr'r ce crptMexa ga cn o6es'
ner{arb pycKara noMoulb.
7. Pycu* sctxa roAHHa H3naAarile Bce noBeqe no,qb BJIHa*
HHero na @panqrr. Pycr<na reHePanertb ura6l no.a,'bAHKroBKara
na $peHcxsi et repi6ornnr' cBot nJIaH'I' na. rontuara BofiHa'
nr n6firo. KaRTo ru.e BHAHMI no'HararbKr',. 6txa noxePrByBaHH
rlpt{Hrrnnnrt na BoeHHoToHcHycrBo H orer{ecrBennnrt HHTePecH'
car.ro sa Aa ce noMorHe Ha Qpanqna oule B'b nlp-anrt AHH Ha
ssfinara. ,[ne nafi'curHu H nafi'go6pH aPMHHrpt6naure Aa Ha-
cTlnnerr er HgroqHa Hpycrr H ,qa ce Hacoqarl nrrul Eepnnnr',
3a Aa rlpnenerart BltHHaHHero Ha repuaHqNrt al ra3n nocoKa-
Toea HacrxnJIeHHe rpt6eaue ,qa ce 3anoqHe riPeAH Aa e.sa-
ar"pure6o crcpt,qoroveHHero Ha ocraHaJlnr! pycxr aPllHH' KoHTo
B'b roBa Bpeue taoxtxa Aa 6xgarr' cnouen!{ orb no'roroBara
ffecrpxficxa apuHt.
** *
Egxncraext n nafi-'etpogreHb nPoTHBHHKb Ha l-epuannr
sHHarH ce sBfiBatrte Opdnuic, Meqraelqa 3a peBaHEIL cneg! He-
cnoryrulhBara aotna a1' 18?l roAHHa. caeAt tagx sofiHa feP-
lqaucnnr rixepanem uta6t B$HgrI{ e }lilatb eAHHb nrlaHb 3a
7
IO

o.rIaxBaHara
Hosa sofiHa. ';::*"j:1T:
6Har qecro Mtrnrts;;r;; TosH nna nospo6nocrnrt cH
H,qeH BHHaTH e6HttsaHb
H AontJIHJ "" e
H.a
BoeHHaru
rll-1u"un'"!n''i{;==::
Hacax{AaHa,_ ffilTy::T:;:tr
;t? rupi,irlil,
*"lt"i#ii?,TP "u'

Fiffittrf i}i"
H"Tx&.::ffifr"Jlru{r'f $-
;;; -Bb a aprq,z.

'tpuot"l";';d;lXf."T'#l:"so"",11on?*u;";,",
nna"a Ha
,1 Pxxoaogtxu oioY- k1 tntupvara tiou"*
"ofi'
,4'a(ue nbrrHo*3,.1g-t"u'n"i{ il''Tuta' tu
:
,
j.
j1-"?J""Ix,{:Ti"T
:-u:1-"u.""""ilHf#::d*l
:3nPe{b nrlaHana-aofinara;ft;r.::I s sonbnHnue.'Ha*.
i:
:11 f r::";';"lil,"ii,,:H1T|,T,ii^,
iTiffJT.gff
$::fr:x[T:,Xlxi:r_::xx"yi,"#x"
j,
:t.
- i.:
: d,
t. cpeu{y
11" id#,:#,";J,"### ;;;;";" KoanH-
Ha Ha sofiHara,a $3_?'"nu.".
caMo noi"lar'aod-laob naKb He asMtHranna-
;,'
ii Qpaaqar, rpe4H crrosHau,igtlT".S' sa sa ycKopH yaapa
j. a:-|lJ
TOBace pocTH aa n ilai44arb Ha'noMourb,
EaHero cb;;il;';;
i
Fun.#IlJe
t:*: t" no'til{*uilKa aPr,rlepl4z' cb
gr' nepanH,s "u u4a6a raroBHocrb sa eorHi''nPer-'3-
d: Ha ;;;;;# re-
$ Aa ce eogH arp.ll--:l-tB'no"n'lnul'"rliu!"'u caMo eEHo Hc*ane:
.x{r,fB.o pxqer* n I epMaHHnBHHaTH
$,
n;t;;;#ffi
ocHoeHara"l#
r4'u\t4ar*;;;;, ;
' 4a ELp-

i"
f,
::Tl
yffi::fi'
n :*tithh::ilff
Tiioilie
=,.,""";
epeHcKara
ap*Ha'
)'H,2-
t;*naHeceydapa ia
rt:.
ll
p:.
:;rtrff:-.?ry1r,
nix'""opt Hnaulu'
v LUnaserr
u, n;u:ya:-' ;; #
"rro6rqaj:r5,- :"""
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i.
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cae*Ha
1. HacrxnaTenHa
"ffinl'1* il""ff lli "urXi,T
pari-o
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:ye.,Erpsry'apb
ii H npnrHcKaHe H aHrrnqa-
$,.
a
rt**uru
u'pr;;;;,9PaHuYsldrt
q '"#"
f-,
t, * o.,. :* ers-";:".I; ffiff
3;ifl fr?illl:.::. T"*
*
I
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*=,$ii::;-;:::d;Tffllilff
noBeqe Henp,srenc crptmarr*
.:::.YP
qv3Hrt Rn cHnH'-: ra3l't nocoxa. Aa . np'-
nPeMHHarb
---' - Bl ;;;;;;"T;':
HacTxnJIeHHe' "ju-l-u Axo Qpla:
*JacTxnJreHHe. "; To ga ce sa6agg ToBa
HML
3a. .qa ce o6xogarr
nevrpanrrt epeHcxnrt
"a
serrril;;;"*5;",:i,T,:E
Karo ce YHnlrloxN
.RPerocrH .Fa ce HapyurH
benrnficxar
4. flacrpnfi ,*1"'' a ap*,nz.

*,' i'*;
;Tyryy r*#T#T#:l'{
-;'p"' i,lff'Tf
:?""ff
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u-ryii)" *,il:;f :
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ilun npomuanuio, "i'
aada fiuerru,urno*oBfirff!.lnonut *o eda-
11

, Hac;lellnur{a Ha LlJnn$exa * Monrxe, Ne npi,rrex{anafiIe


Hel:orara cHrlla Borq H srcHora F{a B'b3rfieAa 14 no}ReprgyBa nt-
Kol.r oria Hafi-go6pl.rrt xa.recrs,a Ha nnaHa. B'a i906 roAasa rol't
craHa Haqa.nHHKbna l-eHepannns u{a6T' npepa6orn nnaHa Ha
LllrradreHa H 3anoqHa H3n'bJri-tenHero MV rh atsrycr-s 19'i4 rc,q.
Ero nr o6u1ra ,leprvt nfia*a na aoilHara nporna-i' QpaHqHq, H3pa-
SoreHa orr Monrxe, ua No:Xrr, ocroBF{p,trt upen ocragar} c;K-
:.4r,rrt, Kanro 14 B'b irfiaHa Ha Lllru{rerua :
1. Ilera repmaHcKria?r4tt4i 17t , xopnyca c'hcrannsBarb
ygapHara rpyna n ce c"acptEoroqaBarb sa 5e.nr;,rficxara n Jlpx-
cem6yprcxa rpaHnua Ha eAhHb Spor-rrr, orr 160 xm. i3a nrpnnrt
gun rt 3aeMarL, Jlmxcem$ypn' N Jlnex'br 3a ,qa clr ode3neqarb
'rtsra *<.el'b3fJnxrlrh tsx3rr,r r-leo6xonnmg 3a no"HararbLuHclro
citadgxnaHe na apunnrt. Cneg'n ctcptgcroveHr4ero cH r&sn
nerb apMrlx Hacrx.rrnalb npes?' Se.nrxs u Ceeepna SpaHqma,
orpe3narb Eenrxficnera apmHsr o6xoxgarr nteoro $panr.ty:Ko
KpHJlo, a ano e ryx-b aHrnraficna'raapml4g! oSxoxgarr' 14 F{en Ft
cne"r"b roaa rr4 npHrr,rcRar"bK'br"I'rr l*opuN-ft4osefi"i,14LJJneiiriapuz.
I, 2 u 3 apw,uvtnpeEcratsn$Barb {36xoH<gal!"Ieroygapno Kpnno,
a 4 n 5 manapr' ga crK xwr, gfcnn:i Qnaur"u, u4e {nyrNarr, 3a
Bpb3xa MelKAy yr,apHoro n or6panurenuoro Kp?rna.
2. ,[,eg apMHLr(B xopnyca) ce crcp*,qoro\iatsarr] su Ensac],
u Jlorai:HurHsr c"b Bagaqa :ra np[lnpt4nara $ranra Ha ofxoxrga-
r-{ero Kpr{no {?) ra .qa ilpuBnexaTb nc}Beqe $pencxu cnnl.t B'b
ra3r,i nocol"(a. flxo $paurlyrnrt He Frac'rx.nsr"rr Bb Ensacr rc
Eeerf; repMaHcKH apvHr4 rpt6aaure Aa araKyBarr, gtcnoro HM'b,
KP14nO.
3. B:" HsroqHa filpycxr rapHi4soHnrt na xpenocsrrt {Ke-
.urc6eprr, TopHr, l-iosHaHu, i-paygeHr{a, 6pec.nay) 6txa ycu-
fieFrH (b no e,q,HanexorHa gJ/lB,v13ws. ocseHr' roBa Ha rPaHHqaTa
ce cr,cptgoror.raBa B apnr'rx (rpn xopnyca r 3 pesepBHr.rgnnnnun).
4" 3a oxpaHa Ha MopcKHe 6pfru 14Ha6nio,qenue Ha Aar-
cRara apMHs ce ocraBq eAHH1) pe3epBeH'b Kopnyc"b ra 4 trlairg'
EepHH 6pnragr-r.
5. B'r, Cnne:ns 3a Bp'bsxa cr aacrpnficxara apMptsce ocra-
tsflxa gBe ftraHgeepHn AHBHIHH.
6, flrcrplriicRara apMnn, crcptgoroqeHa et l-anuqug, rpt6'
tsaille Aa Hacrx.nn nr flonrua, 3a ga Fie no3no.Illr Ha pycnrt ga
Haxnysrb er CHnegHs.
7. Htxonso pe3epBHH gltBngHt,lrKonro qaKaxa peAa cH,3a
,qa 6xgarr" cBegeHH B'b KoPilycr4, c'bcraBnsBaxa pe3ePBb Ha
r.naBHoxoMaHAyrou.lurr, Ho saegHo cr QopuupaHero ce Hsnpaqa-
xa Ha $ponra.
8; Axo Vranus, ce Hamtcn n.a 5op6ara, ro qacrb orl' Hefi!
xnrt cn.nn u1e geficrayBarrr Bb Ensacr, a ocraHaJrara ure 3a-
nJrar.rrBarbtoxHnrt rpaHlrrrn Fra OpaHr{He Li u4e npHBneKart
Eocrarbqno $pencxu cunx"
-7*
tz

..Iuto cpflxnnnr ro3H n"naHb


,.,. ageu

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:'1
na na I

:#ntl*t*;X*n"m#
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ce MxqH'Au-or**-pnn,
BJ rpaMaAHH( a He ou ,:::rt
of vo"p5"i""
c.br:t- l
'u:;il;il';:'--i" '
-o;## #'5:TI
,,npHRpHBaHu,,=nn1^!: -'
u.,
owdaaui i; ;,:;f X#:: ::::;:::;::&^,jf:i',., =
#il:,:'2"lwonm*e '" o''b;uo
Hc :-' -
H,f'#!:,##::y:-' v*i'"i'iil,ii

xnrt uaro#1""r, orcrxn.neH


r.!"or** : j:3 " ;;' ;.: ;".:"" Koi.
Bt xaqanoro Ha aBrvcrb o-fPeaHavepraHHs nra'b;
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JroTaPHHrH, ce Bofir6;41-5
u
3a no'ourb.a"3l.l1a".;;;'fuir?f"t"rtlYloulnq
* i:
vaup'o,o'*onn'J'J ;;6 ;; "* e"i:X:';;fi *Y": 35*:, ; :i=
6)pycNrt
HereHb or" ,u.'-l1llxnBart [4s: a-r
qBaHopnyca, ;=r"?;'*tg:H#fut",,jryi,!?""f;Tl:."-:t
a) .{ea KoDnvce ^--"1.-_-''ott'1r'E
casara';"i,t#f,[vf?t#"J&T:oro KpH'ocuo
I x ii apmxx.

ocra'e'{xsa o,b-
r) Cne4a r
i{a3Ba
;,; 6;J:;::*T:'i_'?i#iJi,_:il{oHqarerFro ce or-
Ill. l-I5p6arA
6oeae Ha rpaH*rlla?a.
l. ,firaxara xa
Jlirexr
.-^So*" o6geH aofixara
- na Sp6sqpln _-
nc'qaA
e v'{rn'
ffi;X *"",F;:#111" ponv'
[1" ll] "J,,"IJ:-.
6t""*pii"*\nrb
H l"
npe3bc'os rep;i-
aBrycrr nony*oar)L"1-?ui" rrPeAnotieH,ero
H ce Hacoq'*u*",llt?1"11";6;;;& qacrHLraxry*u 14 Ha 1
oeroHHHeoprone rql- raexr'' i";;';f ut 6"nn*,.
ot sao6sxoneHb
oropaHsrBarr€ ;Iio" 3u xnnoetetpu) ct.
orr. i"":,,::t:*.;;; .up"rli"Jro
nexorHa AHBtlsHs,l*tl-fu'un"nt -idfi'ff 1" no'q*Penu" r ie
repnaaHqn onoro *A* u
rt runo#^tl-"*o
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orb rePilaHu$"b'
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14

nxRHa nPeBbsxonc;
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B'bna'*,p.b,.o"ro'1l-.op""t*?rl"nlli "utoo" tu Ynoros6r'-;

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r rRpBHrgpenxu v*buntir'o, orrar-bruH,q '6ot*-
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1,5

rnpa, qe repMaHunrt BnapBarb et Aeficrer4en pesepeHnrt clr


Kopnycu H rteac Qlanru u{e 6xge o6xoqent, eseiuaHoBo pe"
lueHHe, .qa ce nporueogeficrByBana o6xoga, Raroce npnBfiHqalb
pesepenrt H qacru orr' gtcnur $nanrr. Hafi-nocle Ha 2l as-
Lrycll' $peHcxara rraBHa Kraprrpa oul,e epH'bxr'rHsrqtHspetue"
fr*HerocH N :anoetgBa Eace araKyBart ea $laur"b HacrxnBaulrart
nPe3'b,Eelrss repMaHuH,3a KoeTo:
1-a u 2-a apMHsEa Hacrxnerb nt E.nsact n ftrorapunrua
xaro 4tcnngTb HM! Qnanrr' ce HacortBax'lut Konrqap.bH Moc.
roaert Ha PefiHr,,a ntnng-xxmt Meqt;
3-a n 4-a apwvlt4Aa araHyBarbno nocoxa Hfioer- LUaro;
5-afipnaHaB'b Bpb3xa c.6 aurnnfitKr4rrt er{cneAnlit4oHen"b
KoPnyca,nPaBo Ha ceBeP'b.
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TIaBHO t(OMaH&BaHe TOIiKOEae parXOneQaHO,r{e npe,qnpHeMa
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soxa orgtnHr4 c'lpaxeHns B'b fiorapunrnn, at Hpgeunrt, npr4
Lllaplepya n Maacr, Konro Htuaxa HfixaHBaBp'b3xanoMelxgy cH.

Eoenerts et Ergacr la Jlorapr+Hran


tDpencrara rJraBHaHBaprnpa LryEcrBynar.le, qe Mopana Ha
soficrurt e'fie,qHeBHo na[a BneEcrBHe HeonpaBnaTenHorc orJra-
raHe Ha o6qara oQanlNea. 3aroea rq opi-aHr.,rsHpa qacrnqHo Ha-
crxnreFrHe cr HHUlolRHvlcvlnvl (egnn.l Kopnycb, eAHa pe3epBHa
14 eEHa xanalepr.rficxa gwausnn) Ha 4tcnnr $laHrr'. Cleq'u
cna6u 6oese c'b npep,HHrt repuaucxu qacrn r{a rpaHHqara Qpau"
qysNrt npoHr4xHaxa ua B aaryclr, B'b Ersacr H saenagtxa Mrcn-
xay3er{b. Ho oule r.ialpyrHs leHb Lracruorr, 14 n 15 repuaucxn
Kopnltcr4! araxyBaxa rpa,qa orr" EBe crpan?l Lr $panuyshrt 6rp:o
H eb 6egnopr,qrx'b orcrxnaxa 3a.qrr rpaHfiuara. Ta npegnpue-
raTa 3a noBEHrHe ,4yxa n'bpBa HepeuhTerHa onepaur,tg!,gage
oSparenr' pesynrarb.
Cnegt HecnoJryxara $pencxara rJraBFa KBaprHpa ycnnr4
geficreynaurnrt cperuy Ensacr, noficxn, Konro 6"1;xa nape.lepn En-
sacKa apur,rs. Tasu apMlrfl HacrxnH Ha no-tuHpoKb QpoHrt B-b,
Boresar* u sa "19 aBryclb cJtep'b olxecroqeH'b 6ofi sannagr na-
iroeo Mrcnxay3eH'b tr gocrurHa go Pefint.
'Ha
14 aBrycrb cesanoqHa ao6uloro HacrxnJreHne r-la 1-a
n 2-a Sp. apMlrn er' Iorapxrirr4q:
l-a aprome(8, 13, 2'l n 14 xopnycr) rpt6saulega Hacr.x,t'l!{
xrur, Caap6yprr ; Z-aapmua (20, 15 ra 16 xopnycu n 3 p*epBHr4
gunnsHH) rp*6.earue ga oxpaHsBa uafi-Hanpegr ntaun QlaHrr"
HA nbpBara H cJreg'b ToBa ga HacTxnH npaBo Ha ceBepr.
lo

f{extgy tr4 er 1g ge
rr'rBo H*b rpysHara xtcr*ocrs
"aBrycr"bn
{4MaxacbBceFrb
or
Haxa caMo o,ron1_15li16T".:fta
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Ha Kor{ro 6txa uH
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no u 6esar
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Bb 3anaqHa nocoHa eABaMb Ha Zl
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MaHUHN Spaxqysl.rHacrxirBaxi"actx
17

Manusrfi Ea H3n'lnHrITb gcHH* nnaH'I> Ha BofiHara, a .$panqy'


;;# a" xeonpegtneHara saAaqa DAa rH araKyBarb nr' $naHru"'
ce 3anoqHaxa PeEb
Ha'egunt Qponm oKoJro 1m KHnoMerPa
.Gq,ii ooee'H cnysafinn n ea gaert crPaHH' nPH Roero sctxn
a QpoHra Ha gBa
$pencr<ra KoPnyct cpbu-1aure He Qnaura,
fepMaHcKI4xopnYca !
fltauq Qnann' Ha 4. Qp. aPFlHt (9' n 11' xopnycn) *a'.
nPH"
npeg,Ha Ha oKoJIo 15 RH-noMerPaorb rPaHHqara' Ho oE
HyEeH'b Aa MHne xlt'tl or6Pana.
[eHrrpa Ha apvnnra (17. xopnycr') l;nuto HanPeAHa, Ho
rrtna egIra i^r s ^ 6t o6tpagena ar,,loprlrt n nrtexeHa' Ubrhsr
Kopnycb 6t npnuygeHb cJIeA,b roaa 6espeguo ga orcrxnH'

!!cnr,rg $nanrt (r<ononuxnunsru u 2' xopnycn). Aocrnrxa


(20 RHnoMerPa olb rPaHnltarar' Ho eAHa
EopH Ha Heer'ruaro
of'r) xonosngnsnrt EnilHsnu 6t npocro Pa3[P'bcHaTa oTb ap-
rl4fiepHera Ha rrtnu rePMaHcKH t{oPnycb H noBeqe orcl'frnne-
Hmero Ha u,tnns QnaHrl ,qopH Ao rpaHHqara' rggro Molrra 'qa
ce ycrpon calro 6narogaPeHHe nogPxx(R?ra na 3' aPuvts'
Tperara Qpencna aPMHs',KaRro BHAexMe 6t ocranena B-b
orcl;rnb H HanPegBalxe c'bBceMb 6asHo. Tg xerqoxa Aa nPH-
Rpxe $naura .Ha qerB-l,PTa' Kaxro nPegnonaraue rJIaBHara
RtsaPrfipa.
Ha 23 aBrycrb a,Esert QpeHcxt't apvnn orcrxiiBaxa K-bMb
rFaHnqara BbnPeKH crapaHnero Ha ula6osert none ,qa rH cnParb'
ano $e ga npoAbnxarl oQan3l'lBara.
-(5'a Bcne,qcrBHe He'
Fe'reprra'
ycntxa Ha nteoro KPHno apvnt) I-naeHara KBaPTHPa-Aa'qe
sarnoetgr Aa ce nPogbn*(aBa orcrxnJleHHero go n'beIac 6ptrc
na p. Maacr'. Orqe roraBa I-nasHara KBaPTHPace Mxqetu€--Ea
ompigtnn npnvnHnrb na Heycntxa Bb qeHrbPa H rH ooecHs'
Baue: cr' noulaTa oPraHH3au,HeHa MaP[I'b MaHeBPa,'nPHKoeTo
orgtnnNrb KoPnych H3flaraxa csohrt Qnanrone, B'b roPHcrara
H MxqHonpoxb4uma utcrnocrs (l); cl xHhPJItHero Bb araxa
6*rr aptenepuficnu no4roroBxa; Ha yMeHHero Ha repl-raurrnrt
Aa MaHeBPHParb H ga ynorpt6gearl no'MourHara cu aPrHJrePHll'
t<ttl'r!sn npnvrlnr'r ipt6ea ga npn6aaun'u odle-H 6esn-
gefinara oPraHH3aIrHiI Ha onePaquqra orb crPaHa Ha | flaBHara
KEaprHPa, Koero H3rIotRHCaMo qerBlpra aPMHn Ha yAapurt'
- ,'oxPaHsBaxa{naH-
Koraro ABe Apyra apMIlH 6esgeilcreyBaxa
roeert fi'.
(
Cparxdnnero nPH lUaPreP5ra.
Ora 16 no 20 aBrycr! nera {p. atPlllrflHeo6esnoxoqBaHa
orb nporHBHt{Race npeutcrnaure Ha ceBeP}' Haro 1 KoPnyeb
ol6paHseaue
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Ha 20 anrycrr'i aPllHqra e Pa3roJrotfienano cttegHre Ha'
r{Hlrb: i , lo xbpnycx g'bPxexa Mocrosert MeilAy LUapnepya
18

x Hamropt; egHa p$epBHa


EHBvtsHflnxryBaue,
3a Aa cutnN 1.
::ruT:i_i!. xoRnvcr_lol'
npronH)fiaBaxaKrMt, nteHq
2; upiirj'Ha
H .q,BepesepBHn sv1BH3?1
xBbpneH:bH KaBaJrepfiitcr<us enaHrt apnlflTa, r,qero 6t or-
riopnycr;. r.apHH3oHa
'6enruilcxa Ha Kpenocrbra
Haruropt 5t ycunent cb eAHa
vt rpl4 ep. gpyxnnn.
{tnra rpn Hafi-can*r' ,"prira*, uprrr, HaroMoulHaB.b"nHa
nbnflexa nr Belraa, a caa6aia
5. apvua nonyqH-rit,non:i"u'r"uu*u
6escuracreH.
Hara 3agaqa Ea r,*arafiyBa at
-inu"o,u
Qnan*, ouu,
KxEe e ro:n $nanra. Openci<ari
xunHo3aHa ,.Hacrxnrenuero Ha Ktaprfipa 6t nogr,
ectxa .qeHa,.,H i*u grp*e*e
cutrxa 3a Hnulolr{HaracHryplrocrb
Fiare3x phcRoBaHa onepaqa4.
Ha 21 aBrycr.b rraBHara RBaprhpa
3A aTaKa Ha ceBep.b, Ho KOMAI{Ayuuu1""r,
;ouril' ;Jno""*"""u
apMH'|Ta noALIaKBeLUe
no'KPenrleHi'r n perun
t:flHJJ.- sa or6paurna Mocronert Ha
'8"
,ouu Bpeue repmaurrnrt ce npndlnxaxa.
x,xa HaMiopa." t{eraplil TL o6xpx,
n6;;y.u*-ru^ Bropa ap',un eB'pHaxa
Ha rorb n sae.r-ragtxa*ccrouert ",{l'"
Ha Camolia it ?..ry.."
;y;liix:H"i:'xlffifi +t"fi;;;;l3';i0'."p"
ii*nffiT',.
Haap'ierera
6* oorpaseria.
Ba o;;;3},1;t:::,?{*?:r$ffi?;
cr<urt Kopnyc, cb*.bpurer.iHc ce pa3crpa,xa
orcTX[HXa ua 5*-6 f{HJr.Merpa u.na ZZ. u"ry.r,
no.Ha3a.q'b. frpeg.r, qr4creHHOTO
rrpr3rraflHa H c.b'ce*.b 6escuNcneHara
::Ayo"1rJr,re
Ha r x6pnycr'" I-epr'{aH.KATAre}i{Ka Kor_rrp.baraKa
'6rno"nc*a apr}rnep,, cpr,iHa
ff;::?;-",1Xf"J;;! ou"Hu*;;; " *,pgno.,"ra ni.",*,u"
.qo

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-- #;-X,";lTf;ilffi"
crrB.rrpu.neFrro
pasonra
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orrerflH nr'ix'n Mo60frxr. Be'reprra fnannara fi ce
Balue Aa nOTB",pAIdTOBa KBaprHparpt6-
GTT€TJIS{H€,KaTe ce MX'LreLUe.qa FIAC_
Kr{pa crpauHoro nopaxieur4e
rro u.blng qpoHr"b c.b H3pasa
,,ap-
Y.Hsja .qa MaHeBpHpaB.b orcrx,nneHHero
iv1
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ppr'e r,**ot',],Htl";:diJ or?,
- Br, gtcuo'n. B'' cNu-1Ha "*o6ave, n anrluqasp:rt #;
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apM'n orcrxnBaue Ha rorb' .iu''p"-u,n".
ffi;;ff:
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figrnalicr<ggrb fnaBHoKoMaH.[Bau.1.b),]<aRTo
.:anontgu ga seficreyuu.""*{iiil*oi"qpu"uy3art, 3Hae61', norye.rr4
HaK'bBb cnyuafi na H: ce Ho **l
Aonyqa ", aH-
ao KoMaH.qtsaHeHa,q.b
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"yn xnaprrrpa
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sanoetpn ao $peu-
cxurt soficxN. Koraro ce ilpegnpHe
suna' QpeHCfiHg rJraBHOKOMaH.qBaul'b o6rqa o$aH-
ro noMonH ga Hacrxn* ,,a.
parrenHo cr' rteHq
$laHrt na 5.a apr\Its xlmt MoHe.a.
Ha
19

22. anrycr'b @penur HacrxnBalre K'bM'b Moucr', xaro cr'rtraure,


r{e repManqnrt cx ou-1e RbM'b Eproxcenr. Oule neAocrHrnaJrb
.Ao raub, .Herosnrt aBaHrapgn 6txa nocpeulHarH ort npegHnrt
repMaHcKr,r qacrr"r. Tt noBbpHaxa Hasagb H eKcneIlHrLHoHFNr4ff
Nqnycr {4 nexorHn H 1 Kae. gr,ren:nn) 3anoqHa Aa ce yKpe-
nsiia Ha gocrnrnarat* no3HqriH orr gnert crpaHrd Ha Monca"
Ha 23. aBrycrb cyrpnHbra B'r'pxy aHrnnficxl,lrt nossqnr.l
otcrro ce HaxB"bpnerxarpaMaEHH ,cHnH orr 1. n 2. repuancnx
a?vfw?i. I-nasHoKomaHgBaullrir 6t rasHeHaAaHbolb r'rHoror{HcJreH-
HHsr Henpuerenb, a aurnuficnur& sor;cnn 6txa yx(aceHu otr3
cTpa[JHpgrb aprnlepnficnu orbHb. I-xcrn Kotrol.rH cJloMgBaxa
ectxa c'bnpornBa npegb ce6e cu n 6'rpsaxa ,qa o6rpagnrr la
gBara aHtnnricxn Qlanra. 3anoqna ce 6erpegno .orcrxnneHk{e
RbMt Ms6Eoxr,. Ho Rcraro l-naeHoxcr"raH.qBalr-{HsrbygHa, qe
Sparrqysnrt cx pas6mrn r,r orcrx.irBarb, rofi eanontga Aa ce
npog'bJrli{x.iorcrxnneHnero go Ceur-NanreHb, rAero sagr p*xnrt
Coua n Oasa ule r,{MaB'bsuo}r{Hocrb &a nogpegn pascrpoennr&
cH rracTH H ga AoqaHa .nogRPenneHHgorb AHrnHc.
tla 26. arrycrb repmanqurt o6xpxxnxa MaJrKaraHpenocrb
iv1o6ficx<r' (35,000 gyurn rapnusoHr) H npo.q-bJrfirHxaHacrxflne-
Finero cH no cnellrrt na pas6nrurt qlpaHrry3n kr aHrnHqaHH.
***
flrpnnrt 6oese Ha rpaFii,rliara ce saB'bpruhxa tcb 6escno-
peHb lrcnfxr sa repuaHqxri. f"lpeclegnafixn cb ynopurocrl,
nccraBeHr4lt orr' nnaHa"Ha eoilHara rrerr, repvranqnrt 3acTa-
suxa $pauqysxrt Fa ce orRax{arr' orb ocHoBHara HAes Ha cBosi
nJIaH'b -- HacrxnareflHara aofiFra. flocne.qsurt orcrxnnxa orb
Eenrfiq H olb ceonrt rpaHuur4. BofiHara ce npeHacqr.ile F{a
$paHrrysxa rephroppri{. @paHqysxara H arrnnficnara apMHH no-
qyBcrByBaxa Err n'bPBnrt cpeqn KaKTo rvraTePhanHoTonpeB'rr3-
xogcreo Ha repuanqnrt, rrfi H MopaxHara HM'b Molrlb H cno;'ca
co6Hocrara HM"r'ga MaHeBpHparb, ,qa [eqeJrrlb noSegara
HcHycrBo. f epruaHcxara apr14nep14r npocro yx{acrrBalr:e Qpar,"
qySKHgTrr u aHrnplficxr,rsisofiHr,lt{'b.

trV. Orcr;nnJrerinero Ha aHrJro-$panqysurb.


1. Opranasaqus Ha orcriKnJreHHero.
Heucrara rranHa Knaprupa, cJ!e,q'b Raro ce opneHrnpa
go6pe Etpxy nocrr4rHarr.raycntxr no qtnuc Qponm, petun Ea
npogbnx{H onepaqHsra, Karo npecfiegBa pas6mtut Henpr4frenb.
B:' gnpetrnBara or:o 27. aBrycT'b 6txa nogvepraHH ccFro cre&-
Hnrt ocHonHV HEev: a) Fepr"rancxurt apMHr4rpt6aa Hesa6asHo
ga ce xB'bprrrrt Hanpe,qb, 3a ga ce He Aage Ha QpaHqysnr€
nor{HBRa, Aa HMb ce nonpequ ga ce opraHn3aparb, uafi-nocne
Ea'ee sanlagte noBeqe Tepnropner 14no ro3H Har{HHb Aa ce
2A

or!{eMarb orb HenpH'Tent Bb3MO}xHo noBeqe


oT"b hieroBLtrt
cpeAc'rBasa 6op6a;-6) frpr,rnnrt
HacrxnBarb Bb noro3anaElia
nocoxa rr'fi, te xpafiHxrt r\ee (1. r.r2.) gaeantgrt
cn gpencxara cronHqa; 3) opanqysn#, utpo"r;;;;'.J c-b eurinr_!
Eam'bHa p. Mapna H ram.b ure ce no**qai" inour*
HoBa c.bnpoTr{Ba;B.b raxbBb cnyvafi Mox<e ;; ;pr;;irpu",
&a ce Ngutnx nocoKara Ha HacTxnJteHneroHa Aa cq sB!{ riya{Aa
F/xaFie nrt, l lpn ase-
Ha ToBa pe.'eH*e 3a Hacr e gcHo' qe repr{aHc*a'a
KBapTHpA Cb rraBHa
TB.bpEocrb ce npHAbplRa KrMb nbpBHg
rr"rraH.bria
rd geficrByea B.b Ayxa Ha HeroBara
::fi:j_T." ocHoBHa *tgen. lia
ae cat4ono sw,e mn 6nwb r^B*.rbt+trxaoeq.e
Ha.**o-ua&l'kcwno
y: lylcltadana ydapaama apaii_-iu
Ha no.Moulb ea [.Iamo,{,Ha!-a _tcopnycausnpanrenu
"unasa
{Wrti*. frpleu
t*aft'zs'apaua 6ruxa omdruneruusa'a1xpattasaie Kopnyca,
-aa omr, cfr,_
Crpeuefixnc€ Aa HaHece Aaaepca.
ysapb na -rrts'g St;;qy;'frnu"ru"
repMaHcKara rnaBHa KBapTHpa pascrpoH
HHcrpyMeHra 3a FiaFH-
csHe ro3u yAapb H pasnnn, cpe4crn-ara.
o*le';" t.;;neprafr
ce 3a[oqHa orRJroHeHHeor.b r.xaHa: fibpBa
ap*Hs. orqna6ua n
craHa Hecnoco6sa 3a HaaacrFie ygapb.

* tu
*'l

,fu,+-,#i>r{*'g

A*^o.$y-t

- Cxega IE 3
r epMaHcnolo Hacr&nr"reHHentnr, Flapunrs,
fNrt N ftOHesrifi!"

Spencnara rJraBHaxBaprnpa, Haro RoHcrarFrpa


pascrpofi*
crBoro Ha BcHrrHHc'{x, ap'!}r* H ,ree_3uoxHocrjra
glpli(arr Ha IpaHHqAra peurH ii i" ,u_
Aa nolReprByBa qacTb orb r€ppt.
zl

roplrsTa, Aa oT'Apl:nHe apMHHTt ,trOCJa HASAgb, 3A ,qe HMl} Eage


tsbsM()rKHOCrb Aa ce ycrPoqrb u nooeomgnm6 3a Hfrgd owailsugtz-
Orcrxnnensero 6t opraHH3HPaHo c'l' gltPexrntsa ori' 25. aBrycrls
CnOPeil"I]
' KO9TO l
1) 4. H 5. apMHH ure ce orrerrslrb Ha nHHHsra Cent Kei-l'
re,Hb, pefiMer, Tyxt rtau apmun uie 6xAarl' noAKPeneHH oTb
uoroQopvrnpoBallara 6. apmwn (7. xopnycl orr' En:acl H 5 pe-
3epBHr{ gnuvtzvtw) H LAe ce nonrorBtT-b ga nPegnpHelvlal'ia KoFi-
rapa-c$an:nna;
?) f,nrnnficxara apmutt ure ce orrernw 3a"q,b p, Ccma, or-
[.&eTo ilo.nocne ${e HacrxilH Bb ceBePo'H3ToqHa ilocoHa' 3a .qa
c'ugerlcrnyea aa 4. 5. u 6. aPMi4H;
3) 3. apml4qule ocraHe Ha mtcroro c!'l Bb yxpeneHaTa
goFra onono BepgoHr';
4) 1. n 2. apvuu ule ce crPausrb Aa sag"bP)fiarb nporl'{B'
Hr{Ka nPes'ir ee6e cH.
5"" flpm orrerJlsHero cH rlacrHr* ga ce cnilParb .iia ygo6"
Hntt no:i,tttk1fiu ga xoHTbP'b'a'raKyBarb HacrxnBaul!{rE reP$aH'
qKH XOnOi{r4,3a ,qa :a6aegrl rtxnoro HailPegBaHe.

Orcr.xnlennero Ha nBeoro RPI{to. - 5os npn l'nsrn"

l-{a 25. aBrycr'}' 1. repuancxa aPMHsI Hacrxnr'r 5up:c sa'


[rarlHa crr" Mo6fio]R"I' H ce crPeMerue ga o6xpxxN nteHg QraHra
Ha aurrr4qanr,rrt; 2. aPwtrs ocraBn 3a araxara na Mo5fiox'b e.Il,l'iFi'b
pe3epfieii'r' r{opnycb, a ct ocraHannrt cHrH HacrxnH orl' Lliap-
Jrep}ta no cnegNrb Ha 5. $p. a?M,r4ei3.apnaxnHECr-FrIlBZltfie ol'plo
ora lvlesnept H ce crpelatu:e na o6rpagn Sp 5 app{Hflor4tcHo.
CneAr xparKa not{HBHa oxollo MoSrXoxl, anrnniicxara ap'
xvrhgntr0,fi"bi1x!.torcrxnJleHl4ero cH, Ho rePMaHqHTf g nPecaeg'
tsaxa flo neri,lrt" Fla 25. n 26. aerycrb re Bog,HcePHo3HHaPHep'
rapnHH 6,tese H He Mox{a ga ce orKxcHe or1] 6o*ilolo nofie-
L'
Egea na Epyrufr geHb aHrxnqarinrt Moxaxa ga ce Hsrernsr.n B"I:
noxogHa KoJroHaH Ha 28. aBrycrb gocrHrHaxa JlHHHffraHoafioa,
j-la Sep"n. Cnegt e,qHHb AeHb noquBxa OpeHut lanoetAa ga ce
npog'bJrxu oTcrxnreHuero Ao tr-lapaxl, BtnPeHI'i CXnHUrb
rrporecria na Qpencxara rnaBna Hnaprupa.
Br' rora Bpeme 5. Qp. apMpts 6t gocrvrrnana oxono fsg'u
n 6t ua eAHH'b rtpexog'L no'HanPeg! orr' aHrnsficxara. f]o rosp{
Har{?rHbMerg,u,y5" lr Horo$opunpaHara 6. apmne ce o6pa:yea i

egsie npa3,u,nnHa,Koero repuarrqnrt ce crpeutxa Aa H3non3y-


nar*. Spencxara xJIaBHa KBaprHPa sanostga 5. apmnr Aa era'
r{yBa Bb $naurt 2. repuancxa aPMHt{,3a .q,as HaKaPa ga cnpe
mpecregBaHero Ha aHurrtaHnrt. - flraxara 5t oPraHI'r3HPaHa
fio cneEHHx Haq[4Ht:
10. xopnycr, 51 . pesePnHa H 4. xasanepailcira .qI{BH3Ht4 .
rpb6aaure ga or6paxrear"b rtosnlrnsrt cre orl gnert crPaHH Ha
i-l.rg'u c'a $ponrt Ha cerepb;
l

I
i
n
3 . x 1 8 . R{oPnYcr
oDnv.H H
,r F ^r,----
rpynara
rta Hacrxnsr" 3anaAbxtprl CeHr-i{aureur. AHBH*'H
:-e:eE?BHH --"" rpt'earue
,. *oonu",nu
b pe3epBb.
n" ;;;,i,1""',,111"!}'ff p-llT-lKXcBaHIe
lu* nepneHAHny
:: cnrypHo
ria
nspHu eAHa Ha Ea Eeficreyaa
nocoKHn 6tobpe.reHa
nopaxburr'e,nuil"iu'l,gP]'.u
tla
FNaiEMoLqHe Ha iepmaHqNrt. npeAb BHgb r{HcneHHoTo

j o,l1;
ff ;-,ff : t:*u"Ha sp5rprasaxa r-,.,s
r or6n
rc.
:::_i:.*il;,3:":?y:.;,
F{a{rxrareri*oto *f"ro'!ui;"::
r{anpeg*e.u*o--*01'o 3anoqHa l-31_-up*"'.
ceosraonupi+1i,Ti-J'*o*uAeHb
xnl'r' o,

J:":.#",l3
oonisln;' ;;;'-b Oure eb

":i:;:,?::
.Hff 3"=*fi.fui:,.'.l"
:?::
r€'|Ho HpHno6to
o9*P*xaBaHe'
.&o-neveprra qtnoro-Hacr6ila-

;#,ffi,il' lo:?I;k;_"
#Jf:";t#,"t]X..:?.,.o.,J*,'
qe Ha npyrui ;#
nyna i-arr ru"orno'' qeHb r.apqnrgra, *onro ara-
FIeHa.qaHr4, ;d;,[:H;:"";""f: TfffTT3"u bo;;';L';;** r43.
Ha', ptsrou-B
elnn" reil;;;: HrenHo Hacrrr rneHi4e
;itrh,22,;ltZZf;;jii;y;i*
if;i,;;#i:i;"3.7i;:,ff
;'
"rl"l.1
f IPeM

fiiliWriJ:#Y'#:{.":.#:",:i'
"' ;;;;;;;J,::'*Tffi"
;:":;::i?,?L'ii3, l"*::fffi"#:
'q'a noflece €Annl ygaPb'
1. I-epiuauc*,tt"u aPi.H'T
ts'-noMou{b cneAb xar_o orgtn'
|-utu' eAHH.bRopnycb
"u;n,"f l"o;*;":fi':,b'"*
"u nunp"o
FiacrxnneH,uro *n^ ;; ;; :ff#r,:::iJi Jfff:fiT:"
"fil;'.if:_1,'1t'ili'"
_r.1,yr"uro*un
eH:il,"#:
ceH3Rnb3He. ffi[f;ilt.:."":t#'iit*"t; ;;"-"il;urre
Hi us aBrycrb, ;r;;;
EeHaorb orqarHara
Mi4e, ..;,_ipo',"u;i
Ko,ro oule He 6!xi
F-J,"#,fJt:il:i %T-r"la
?*^:.f1t
_
vaya or" o up-
snnsa;; # oo. H
ce 6aexa orflHr{Ho
3. Orcrx.nleHHero
Ha qenrbpa.
speHcr<xrt 3'
I'paH-r.f
rrara 6txa ce. ii:^?pyHH cneAr
-#-
ar^rnp u ni- _orfornn""n.ro cK orb
_op, no"u-.Lrpo
;:iff'#:?;r?:g'* ffi'"il.;a or-Ii#;# rHBa Ha nHHH-
cBo,
Aeert apMHHor6.oaHgsax;
cxara 3. n 4.'aonui ;;;,j]]:: ;;r."
Fr_o_cr_oBerb
na Maacr. l-epua*-
*o.,o"",{*.ii"I""0ff#Jlij"o*i.T#ilTftJ:l*,t*
'egHara crre,qbroea
i! .u fir[p-o.i:{urn*u sr
nleo u gtcuo,
23

ordnbcHaxa 9. xopnyca u o6xo,q,nxa gBara Qnanra \a 4 Qp-


apmue. cDpaHrryslri'lixoHrtpt-araKyBaxa nanpegnannrt IolRHo'
orr ptnara repuaHcxr,tKoJloHHH MaKapLga nPerbpntxa crpau-l-
Hr4 sary6vr naKb EocrhrHaxa go6pn pe3ynrarH, 3auroro
sa6aenxa repMaHcRoro HacrxrlJleHue cb & r{aca H He
no3Bornxa Ha repMaullurt ga ce aptxalb Bb Mex(AHHaraMelR'
Ay 4. H 5. apvuvt.
Ha 29. aBrycrr' 4. Qp. aPMHt orcrxnH 3a,qb P. Ena. Mox-
Ey 4. u 5. apvwu nPI4orcrx.nneHHeroce o6paryaa e,qHH'b HH'
repBanb orb oKono 40 xnnomerpa. 3a_nperPax{AaHero. Ha roBa
npa3gHo rlpocrpaHcrBoceBePH.oort, Penmcu 6t Qopunpana
rpynara Ha reHepanr Sou.ll (9. , 11. xopnycn,-1Aeficreaqa H
2 pesepeHn AwaisuwH 1 xaeanepnilcra g,uensur).

4. OrcurnneHHero na Atcnoro I{pHJIo.

Cnetrr' neycnturnoro HacrxnJleHHeBb Ensacl u florapnu'


rnn, 2 $p, apunn 3ae lrosttt{Hrra 6nuso go rPaHnqara (HaHcn)
cr $ponir Ha cenepo-H3roRb'onptna Ha yKPeneHHfl pafioHl
Tynr, - ElepgroHr.l-lpnrncxaHa orl' no-MHoroqrclleHb nPorIlB'

fi,;4.1i-Pts

_...--"..*.'-",.&
Cxeua Ng 4
TcrxnneHuerogo MaPna.

lr!.rxb, 1 Qp, apmnq oicrxnaarue KpaqKa no spaqxa s'b Boresn-


rt. [eHrrpa Ha rasH apMile Karo AocrnrHa Ao yKPeneut{n
pafioHr EnnHanr, or6uedure Beqe c'b ycntxr' rePHaHcRHTt ara'
24

Kr'r. Ho rtBnng $:ran* Ha ra3H ap*Hs BCe noBeLIe ce


o.bBar"ue
no.a'b crpe'rrenHnrb yAap' Ha rltLrara 7 repmaHCXa ap*vtn.
llJrpoxxa orBop' Mex{.qy .q'ara y*peneHH palidnn **run""*o
ce
_orKpHBaUJe3a repMaHcKO HaXnyBaHe Bb nocoRara finnepre.ilr
- HfioQu:aro, Koero o3HaqaBar.uent:r"o cJroprsrBaHe na gtcHorc
$paHqylxo Kp,no. IJtnara 6 repm. ap*us, ocraBH c.na6n qacr*
crr-eu{y 2 Qp. ap%Hs, a c'b BCHLTRHOCraHaJrHcHnH HacTXnh ts.b
cdpasyeaHae or'op',, r'ero Eer{e geficrnyaaxa qacr*r or, i
up**o.
Qpan4ysnrt ue pasnonaraxa c.b HHRaKBT4 pe3epBH; 3a Aa
(e npornBonocraBr'r' Ha re_puaHcKneygap.b.
Hanporuar qnerb
apMuu ua 4tcuoro xpuno 6txa snaqxrenno orina6eHx,
'r{acrH r{aro
orr rtxr 6txa NsrerfleHHr 3a ga ce noMorHe Ha Lr,eHr..bpa
fi -ilteoro KpHjlo. EgnncreeHoro B.b cnyr{aq ocTaBar.ue
ga ce r+(eprByBaTb H noeneEi{Hrt-cpeAcrBo
cxln tsb e,qHa peruHTenr.ia
xoHrl'p'b'arara. Ha 25. anrycrs ntnns
Qnauru aa 2 Lpmns Ha-
crxnr peur4renHo n or6:*cHa ocraselrHrt cptuly Heio
3acno.
ur'r. I-epmancxara 6. apn,us He oqakBsule roBa HACTXnneHHe
H
noBrpHa Ha3agb, sau{oro ce 3anJraluBanx RoMyHnxaunxr*.
Ko"
MaH.qBau{Hrra3H apMusr Heuox{a ga oqeHa, qe cna6rart cppexcxg
cHJrH,c'b KoHTo ce npe.qnpuemarueHoHTbp.b.araxara, 6tia
fl3*
HenpexxcHarart doeee H croMer{?r syxorvn, napal,v.
I:-f.:l
ooluHfi ?:.:
Heycntx'b H HeMOX{eXaAa npoA'bnHar.b RoHTbp.rr.Hacr.s"
ufleHHero, 3a .qa cTaHart onacHH 3a r{oMyHHKaqnnr! ha
Hero.
Bara apMr4s. {lo noau na\iut eepnaaqunin uszy1axa edurn
do-
6rpv cayaart da c,wa*camo won'ra,menuo dnciii,,
fiiii",ay"*o
tcry.oou da o1xea*smt Karnosb rcnet4utltbi,ama.6pr*r:i*--ip*ur.

<Ppencxara rnanHa KBaprr,,pa cne,qb Raro


cn yeci{h go6pe
neqaJrHoro nonox(eHHe Ha qtnnn
eponr.u, pemn ,qa orrerfird
apvHsra MHoro Hagag.b,KaTo x xa ,qBara
_onpe Qnanronert
yxpeneHn pafioaa lTapnxt n BepgroHr. Fla sctxa aDMHe OA
nocoqeHa nocor{ara Ha orcrx,nJleHxeTo
AopH Ao Cene,' cb npe-
Aynpe${AeHne' qe xpafinr,rrt nynxrone ntm-a ga ce
socr}fHarb,
axo o6crauoBxara noseonH roia. flpaaHrencrBoro g{nprnvgun"
ga HanycHe CTOJtr4qaTa, KoeTo noRa3Barue, qe rraBHaTa- KBaprH_
ga 3ana3r,rap*Hera, 3a Aa npogr,nxaau bop-
P:-3".-.: :tp_1Tn
oara, ir axo llapnx.b nagHe Bb HenpHgTencKHpxqe. ,,.
- retueHHeTo Aa Ce oTTerflprapMHrra
ToJrHoBaHa3aA.b HMa-
LrxeH ctso*rt louiN crpaHr.r: ro nbutu:e
{Nsavec*nrt--,, Mo_
OrcrxnneHnero -ce
fgA.:Lll .y_1_upTr"ta.
HaH-rpyAHr4 "nposbnx{aeaulenpr+
ycroBHh.l-lpesr geur noficxnrt
qexo cb flpecnegBaulurt or6aHso 6nexa o}Kecro-
repMaHqH,a npe3b noqnrA
Hepe4oBHo BcneEcrBHe pa3.
(rpoHcrBoro Ha ruJroBnrt cnyx6n. _xpaHeHH,
::::T:"_T_"^ 131{opeHH,
ilpn roea nxrnqara Stxa
sAAprcTeHHOrr 6trafl1ero Hacenenue,gnxxeHHero
Ha sofrcxHrii.
ce cnaBarue,a nofiHHuxrt ce-yx{acaBaxa orb fpo3Hnrt xaprxnm
Ha 6trcrsoro. t{acrurt o'' nfrbr,rs
snaHrc nocroi!}.rHo6txa o6es-
** r*
I-epvrancxara rraBHa KBaprHpa HaBpeMe ce opHeHTr4pa,qe
SpaHuysxara aprqan He ule 6xge pas6ara npeAb flapnxt, 3a-
r.qoro repMaHcxnrt pa3e3gn Beqe 6txa npeg'b Kpenocrbra, a
SpanqysHrt cnonyqHxa ,qa ns6trxarb ygapa. llpegt Hee ce
crararue B"bnpoca 3a ocHoBHa peangt4s nraHa Ha BofiHara w
Hafi-6nnsxara qenb. Tq Moxerxe ga BbsnpueMe eAHo orb cJre"q-
Hurt peruenugi 1) 4a araxysa cr' ygapHoro cH KpHno [lapuxtt"
ga ro saafla,qte h cr4 ornpHe nx,rs 3a rolxHa QpaHunr, rgero"
sofinara cKopo qe ce cB'bplxH nopa,u,HlisqepnBaHe pecypcart;;
2) ga ocraan l-lapnxr H ce crpeMu ga yHhu.ioxn Qpencxara
"qa
apuus.. Bl nocnegnvta cnyuafi rpt6aanre Aa ce petrrn oule KxAe
p,a ce HaHece rfiaaHvte y,4apb: a) galra naK'b Ha ntsHs $nanru
xenocptgcrBeHo ,q,o flapuxt, 6) wna Bb pa3rerHarHe LleHr.bpb,
Raro ce Ha6nlogaBarr" go6pe ABara yxpeneHH QnaHra.
fepuancxara rnaBHa KBarhpa perun ga HsocraBH l-lapaxt
14 ga yHHuloxn safi-sanpep,b $peHcxo-anrnuricxara apmHs, Raro
HaHece peruHreJrHnr ygap'b nax'b Ha ntgns QnaHrt" H oule na
2 cenreunpuir rs rasmtHn EHpeKrHBarasa 1. u 2. apuun.' ofibp-
aata apnna Aa cneEBa B'b orcrxrTb Ha BTopaTai rg, HMa Ha3Ha-
rleHHe ,qa npHKpHEaQnaura ua apunart; $enarenHo e nefinara
KoHHHqa ,Ea ce eBH npe,rb llapnxt H ,qa paspylun xenesHrart
nxrnula BoE rqn KbMt croJrHrJ,ara."
3aqo repuanqnrt He H3nonsyBaxa pascrpoficreara Ha
@paHqHg H ce orKasaxa orb ararara na flapnxr ? .[anra 6txa
xnnHorr.r3HpaHH orb npHHqnna Ea ce roHa nafi-nanpegr
'r{HBara cnna Ha Bpara, xofiro B'b ,q,a,u'eHnsclyuail e HenpHno-
,KHMI ? Vnu ce 6ogxa ,qa aHralxnparb MHoro cAnH npr flapuxr,
3a ga He 6H ,qa ,qaAarb nHwlvaruP,ara nr pxqert Ha np -a ?
Hnu nafi-nocne 6txa cna6n 3a ra3n onepaqHe, cneA'b Ka'ro H3.
flparHxa Maca eoficKr,r sa BropocreneHHn u,enl,i (sr Hsro.rna
Flpycna sa o6cagara na Mo6fiolr{b 14Annepcr) ?

PeunrenHoro cpaxeHne Ha p. Mapna


(6-12 cenr.)
1, flnana Ha cpax{er{Hero.
Bngtxrue, ve cnopeqb gHpexrnBara olr' 2. cenreurpufi"
n'bpnara repmaHcKaaputs rpt6naure ga 3acraHe B'b orcT^xnb
I
26

3a.qb AtCFir4n d
Ho rasa apn+s Bb roaa BpeMe
rt3na Ha u5i]na:::' 6t as-

$'?:x1:h".xx"i:."F'?r;..""i::
;-;;,iri i f i :T: :" 6p,^i'i' ni o6xeaHe
:pane $"1;g:,i;.]iy :
i:: HairNni"n"ui.r.-';;;.':,::1::.-TotyqH sanoet,qsra 3a cnH.
il;;l:'?'.:?THXTffJ-'^ KBaPrHpa. up'"i'i-
rt||*l
f:
Bb :IBaHe
Lt3nbrHurrl nu
Ha ;;;#";:::.iuaBHara
cBotra
""'o,,,u
3acnenesr
aper4y ce6e cn 3agaqa,ror; npugnbnu'.u*!]'".
HMa

[,$:+mu
Boro vnop H'onu:
f*19""**
ui:'T"l{i:ffiq; #:F,T
l.?:_1uu''ou*.u',+Tfofl:: X", f#.:;
[3ll'i;i,i
ur3"HlT::o"o'J-r''1";;;u KBaprHpa,"T;,f """f: :
H nocne'H,rra
;:ffiT
iff#***.r-l'_:+
* ru,++#*
,qbp)n, npoxogart ilpe3*
rrrip"u"lunisno
-
Bropa apvne,r4e - o;". U_i"iJ-,l'epid
npoiogrri-_npe3l, CeHa; ;
r{enpHarenc*H,'r{eHrbp"
"-Aapxpr a y4apa Bb
uru.au--#or1"uou orb
rpera apmna.,
Ha 5. cenrel

;':&;i,?#fi# . 3I"?'
:?i; :#.li":Ti;:15;
i't":#[T
*ox'..i"iII'"{':TX##i,X;1,':"ff##*AX"io
flrpsa H Bropa__ap'ra^
'li,?unu.
npo.qbnl*aBarb-.qa
aro"r"--.ou*,
;:?#T;Jfl?r:"T."*i;;;';iu";:" xonro
ol-.. sa
::^:iEll'i'.x"n:lJ#*ff"'i1"?lb*peruHreneH'bvs
ynecHerb'seficrna.sra
Ha
tspeMeHHo .,'u.i", ;of;"1tff;ll*fffft*:
qe araxyBar" ruy*punu"uiu
*a**nHa Tynr.EnHHanb.
Aa ara*ytsa orb LUarour
lt",nfl Bb 'oro.3arasHa
roroBa. 4a cxA_eficrByBa_
""."-]::# , ,,u
xroBKara *opuiJio."u-
,,Lur,l^e
t-ta, H na gtcnara rpynu.

***
l-lpesa Bpeue:Z:Icr.xnneHaero
"{r'va H *{a60eere pa60rexa rrraBHaKBap-
tptanuuJ .3alnlig1ara
opfaHHsHpaHeqacrnrt
{neAb nopax{eHp{ero : .sary6nil-ot*i
orptt,qa Ha reHeparr" orb .qenara;
.ffi,il,x;.";rrra*mft
::!"3;p;,;;;;'#',x0ff
raPHH3oHb Ha ilap.nx'a
o",riJ'H;,,H::,,:orrbnHeHh

; HoBara ffi"1
-6',-Z,p*^r
cPra*n3r4Da*u np"q.ru;r;"i 6r oxoHqarenHo vI
:1?j:: eETTaqx;'gopmnpar+r orr' xafi'lodpurt
2:i.yy '"'u " 6t noer ". _ug_u
xotZro rpt6aar-ue xananepnficxaKoprycL,
?,Iil'Hl3"HJ*i*:trji;"#
*g*"*-,:,.:lrui:,Jff "!l*1*""" "T.1T-^
27

Ha 4 cenreunpnfi, rraBnara KBaprnpaqpe3b cBoero Br,3-


gyuno pasy3HaBeHey3na sa He6naropa3yMHoroyBneqeHlte Ha
flbpBa repMaHcRaapftrnrr,Korrro seqe 6t H3nox{HJra
$naurtrr m
THna cH ua ygapnrt Ha oTKbM-rrflapnxr,, n ranoet4a ga ce
npexparH orcriKnneHr4ero,apmurart ga ce ycrpogr.b B-bnpoc-
crpaHcrBoro MeH"rEy
Ceua n Mapna H ga ce nogrorBrrb 3a pe-
rur4TenHorocpaxeHHe, KoeTo ule noqHe Ha 6 cenrer,{epufi

#{,aa"i-*z
finttt"ra

/ ?*q,".
$.... 'rytwr1
:.".,'-4;""1a.Ul,
'.9
9,,wq:r*ti
tani"rr'"%*;tr:, ,/ .i,t

6.);/'" Y'e 4 )Ut'.:". \', Ji:,


'"..@ or.t* fg 3-
\ i (' */
?=".,.'q
1F_:.,1..s3
-.n-
-* !

Cxeua I{b 5.
Cpaxeunero npu p. Mapua 6-i2 cenr.

cyTPi4Hbra. |J'b .EtrpeKrHBaTa Ha frraBHaTa KBaprr,ipa nHr{exa


cnegnurt ocHoBHr{ HAer4 3a nflaHa Ha cpaxeHnero.'
LUecra apwnfl, noAxpeneHa c.rtr qacrr.t olb i-lapaxx:,ia rap-
Hr43oi{b Aa Hacrx,nH tsb ceBepo.H3roqHa nccoKa x araxyea 4fic-
nnx $naHrr' Ha repMaHrlerrt. O6u-la nocoKa xtu-e I I laro.Tilepr.r;
f,nrnaficxara apMnr ga araxyea flpaBo Ha kr3rox'b B.b Bp-b3na
C-Ia LUECTAaPMHg ;
[lera apmna ga araKyBa nporHBF{r.{Ka npaBo Ha ceBepb"
O6ura nocoKa Luaro-Tnepr, Caoconr,.
.[enera H qerrbpra apMHH ,q,ace or6paHrnarb H crrnpar-b
T€PMaHCKOTO HaCTXIIJI8HH€ B'b UeF{T'bPa, EOr,qeTO Ce h3Bt'Pilti
yilapa Ha ,qBara Qnanra;

.Tpera apupte ,qa aTaKyBa repr"tanqi.irt Bb $naHrr orb


,ueert crpaHH .Ha ropi.loro TeqeiiHe Ha EHa.
28

2. Xo.qa Ha cpalxenuero.
Ha 5 cenreuepnli,no-rontuara qacJb
ora QpeucKara
Melr(Av H Hep,qloHb Brpxy eAHa .ap-
Yl:- li-lg.nlPHala
Bsr'boHara !3p;;;
.qxra orb oKono 27b r*anouett;:n;;ri"rs*u*.**
aPMn' cbcraBflsBatrl, yEapHara-rpyna,
ceqHo HenpexxcHaroeorciaHe dtxl H3MopeHi,rorL eAHoMe-
Bb RoHraRrb cr
:nrt no ;il;;;o"nr". $panqy-
QpeHcKI4tr"-.J:.:-:1o*oMaH.qyBaq'b
HsAaFe e,qHanpo*naMa-
uH' go csoart nofinnq,r,c,r, t cgro
H3TrKBarUecxA60nocsoro
.pu*"iir" sa oreqecrBoro.
Tofinpn.
flXl#"r"nHoro *o
oreqecr
"1:l::ff""
eor ; ;""il:i: *?,:;J ??ffi;:H ;J
tsaT'b Beqe. " ; "T:.:, fft#
6. apuun .1" cenreuepnr,i Beqepbra ce HaxBbp.nx
rePMaHcKH'I, :i_?
:.-.:lil^ P=1"1T nopnycr, xoriro oxpaHrBaue
lpnaHraH rnila ,u 1:-repM. apMH,HaceBepHun
cera, eour lt"yii #;;; 6pErz Ha Mapna.
!1eam olu."o.r"ra, Ha Rorro e H3-
Jrox{HJr-b apv,z,flracn cr MHHaBaHeroHa ptxara,-
i"fr- B.bpHa
*o'io-'I""'ulo"'*uEa o6xoserr
rrs,x
;i?ilT#?.-;Biln:'
Ha 6 n 7 cenreruapafi 6. aprtuz,
I{}M'bp. Vpxt. Uo.l?.jlyr^s or, npo,qbnli{n araKara cr4
3attle ga ycwilu nbeus. llapuxrxna rapnnsonr
"ar" 6rp.
erianru u upi^rru. Apvi! tisuc,6h.
npeBo3eHa cb rpagc.Knrt asroMo6 rnh u ce HacoqBar.le
xoa"b Ha xpailana er o6-
repMaHcKH eranru. t_to rou*pu**
3anoqHaxa Ea [pHcTHfaTb
*.::::
repMaHar,, nogpr*Rn ",
vgsullOrt
eaa 6ptru Ha Mapna r,r-npragpyxeHn lt-
rep.ax. Ha B cenrilB-p]rfi ;t-6;;;;;*" or:b Morr{Ha rer{Ka aprw-
H cno*HxaHacrxnarerrHHq cHrFla xonrrpriaraxa
Ayxb H'a A;"ilt;;d.l'b"d'lo."r"
:3:: 9-t-l"tfysll QnaHru s,anoqHa
.qa orcrxnBa H Mol*a
cnpe caMo 6laronapenne 6tpsoro'ru"u"prpuHe na ce
3Hs, tsseMeHaorb gtcanr Ha egHa gHBH*
enanrt.
Ha 19 cenreunprfi 6..apuua
ce rorBerue Aa npopbn$(aBa
araxara cH, Ho qtnara qnauroua fepMaHcxa apuus
3anor{Ha Aa oTcrxnBa
""":1"11noAb
o. apMHs 3anoqHa [pecnegBaHero, Ha 2. uanunficxar a ap,llnw.
"aracxi *uio
onnpaue gtcnan cn
9j_"3.: n3rp. vRxr, ;{;;;;;i
xaaalepnficKHs "
Ropnycb.
#u"r* ce npr4*p,Baue
or.b
Aruznuilcrcamaaptw,unHacrxnn Ha 6. cenreuapurZ,
$on'r" Knyxt 6t seqe orrerranb Horaro
.qeficrnynac.r rtxr ABara cBor4 HopnycH, 3q ga
nporuB.b 6.';;;:;". nHrr'.{aHhrt
npeAb ce6e cu caMo - repmaHcKHs Hpraxa
xaeaneprficxn Kopnycb 14Ha.
nPe,qBaxa6rpso. n:^,1:_::.::ur"pllli;L
rBxHara aprnJrepn, geficreyearue npeunHaxa Mapna w
HHrr nporHnr 6. apmua repmaHcx, Beqe Bb THna Ha aHrarrnpa-
*opny.r. i;";.-;;i^nrn^
29

EHHa3a 6rpsoro orrerneHe Ha n'bpBararepuaHcxa apvrr'ra'flpn


B'b ceBePoH3ToqHa
fipecne.qBaHero nocona aHrnHqaHhrtB3exa
MHoro repMaHcKH MarePHanH.
5, apnan araKyBa nafi-nanpeglanvs nten $nanrb Ha n'uPBa
Araxara cnoryt{n'
TepMaHcKaa?vl4fl, xbfiro 6t go6pe yRPeneH"u'
ilo aPw49lTaHeivlolKeule ,tl,aHanPe.qHe' Saqoro ortr'bnn eAHH'b
Kopny{"b B'b noMourb Ha cHnHo araKyeaHara 9' apvan' Fraenara
H Bropa
'nautcn MelKAnHaMelrtny n'bpBa
KBaprxpa, nnxgafixa nPa3Hara
reDMaHcRH apyft1vl,ce n sanoetga 5. apvux Aa nPe'
anLuuu noHe c'b rtens cn Snanrl. Ha 9 cenreuepufi rq 3aBna'
.c"-ixuto'ruepvt A 3aroqHa nPeMHHaBaHeronPes'b Mapna'
9. apnun 6t araxyeaHa or-b 3. repuancxa aPMHt, sbcra-
,*e"u nafi'go6pnrt l'rrunepcxaeoficra (raap4uara)' Ha 7 uB
cenreuepnil repruanqart nPegnPHexa. araKa no q6nHe gPoHrb
"rt
ua 9, a)mua. Bwpexn Snarncrara utcrsocrr c'bnPorHBara Ha
6t cnoerena n rt orcrx.nuxa na 3 '4 xnnor'rerpa'
$paHuyeurt
Ho 9. apwt4q 6b nogxpeneHa c'b eAHH'I' KoPnycb or-b cb'
€egHara 5. agvtux Toea g,age B'b3MolttHocrb Ha KoMaHgyBaurnfl
apvtHflra,II,a H3rernn ott ni"t" cn Qnanrl eAHa ort' nafi'go6pn"
,t c"ot Aaalr3t4vH ga MaHeBPhPac'b Het Ha gtcHna cn QnaHrt'
F,qero repuaHcKHtr raapnefic<n KoPnyc'b 6t cr'cptAoro'lnn'r
ceonrt ygapn. Ct 6necisura KoHrbP'b'araKa Bb QnaHrl' reap-
gnera 6L orxnrpfleHa K'bM'b 6flatata, rg,ero MHoro eofiHau'H ce
*:ga""*a. Bcnegcrer,re orrerfislHero Ha reapgeficxut xoPnycb
3. uptn" 6t npnnygeHa Aa nPeRParH. ataxntt, a 9' ap'
;C;;
Ml4rr,noAKPeneHac'b ou{e eEhHb -xaaanepnficxn KoPnycb' 3a'
{-ror{FranpecfleABaHeTo rqoM"b ce o6osHa.{H o6rqoro fePMaHCKO
iOTCT.xNJICHHE.

4, apaun 6t safi'rqsoro nocrPaAana orl' oxecroqeHxrt


6oeee Ha rpaHnl{ara H nPH orcrxnreHnero' Tq 6b ce yRPennna
'Ho al MoMeHra' Koraro
JApaBo Ha BncoqhHnrt oxono Blrrpn.
eofiHnqla orb Eenara 3a non'bnBaxe sary6r'rrB' BbPxy
Heq HaHoBo ce HaxB'bPns t-ltnatu 4. replaanc.xaapvrnn' AtcHuqrb
"rprarrra*a
ia &nanrr 6t nosaneFl'lr oule cnegl' nlpanrt ygaPH' Apneficxnn
ilru'6" ynorpe6ra HennontpHa ycnwA , 3a Ea nPhBneqe Ha petu!{'
qacrn orb no'cna6o araKyBaHHTf yqac-
TeflHHt nyHKrb noeeqe
'rbqpr. Ttin qac a 3aegHo cb l{3npareHnl B'I' noMolqb KoPnycb
tii ."..gnara 3. aPMHtt 3aKpenuxa nonolxennero' -HsmopeHara
HeMcKa aPMn He Mox(a Aa Pa3BHe ycntxa cn, oco6eHuo' cJIeAb
?{aro npncrnrHa Ha 6ofinoro' none H 21' xopnycr orr' Ilora'
pAHf u'tfl,

3. apuun HeMolKa Aa araKyBa Bb ceBePO3anaAHa,nocoKa


-sanoetAura
(nopeg'b Ha rnaBHara KBaPTHPa'3au{,o;o, ot araRy-
*ara qtnns Qpoum otl 5. rePM' aPMHr ra rpt6ehrxe Aa or'
6nna "o
rtsn anxi. Egua gneusnt orb Bep.qnnl ce onnra Aa F{a'
30

cTxnh B'b rr4Jra HA fepMaHur4Tt,


seficTB'sra cH, 3au{oTo rt araxyn
Kpenocrbra" Cr re
oi nonnrrQopr
a f il: #":: ;5'#
12 cenrer"repnfi,
xoraro H_repMaH
ry6x, npexparnxa araxnrt iu.
l. u 2. aprtuu 6txa ssaqure
Hara Rnaprr4paKaro He pa3nonar
,qa H3rernu ort gtcnoro Kpnno e
rlpa (15,-xopnycr 6t usnparenn
avBv13t4u
6txa nsnpareHHBb noM
nogxpenLi4. apmun,a 13. - 6. ap
Ha 5 cenreunpuit repr"ranq
noqHaxaaraxara cpsnly nosuulzp
it siexaTjoHr*
.T1.J_*.":l-Tg1ia_
r{ysHTB oTcrxnnxa Ha 4 * 5 xrq.
rlpo'E'bJrx{Hxa
araxurt cr4 Ha HOeH
rontmo 3HaqeHHeHa rts' ara*!!:n
cH-npHcxrcrByBarre H caMb Kafiae
:y6u, ataxurt 6txa npeKparenH.
i-epvancxaruJ:-.?l*"o nponr
Mex<gnHara Tynt Enunanr c"b ue
cr *"*t Hocxopono
"r-r;r"'g*"i",
apMus rptdnarue .qa HBnparH rracr
Horo KpHJro,H saroBa npexparH ar
Mr49nOCJrenHaTar u-loMbKoHCTarHp
flpeg'rr ce6e cn, caMa npeMHHa et
rlaHb n]pBoHaqaIHOTO CH noJrox{e

3. l-epmancr{oro e6rq
Ha 10 cenremapufi, Kaxro en
a?Mvls 6t clomena BcnegerBHe Hey
rrpecJre4BaHa,Ta3H apwHn nogb Bn
sary6n, sanoqHa ga oicrxnna. l-hpn
Ba BpeMe Bo.qeue rpj/EHa Ho ycntu
cenr Qranrb, Karo 6t yr,raloraouri
fnasHara HBaprupa, xocio 6t nprc

fo::_T1l^"[]-Qeoury H B'b eAH


cb _cpeAcrBa (Pesepau), qa Kor4ro
Tpt6eame Aa ce B3eMe.peueHHe k
paqrera c-b H3MopeHurt eoficxr, rtJ
uurt ce cnptxa Ha Broporo peuJe
rontrqara BneqarJlHTenFrocrbHa rep
i,::?::2^P^1":.-_.llpotr4BHrerrHar
cnpe onepaqufrma,
i::.t:y9 !? rca
ilp*HaHa dacmuzuamutttrb nosuE{,r
3n
t+$otnsft$gdapo, rnfl, sanaerbdaua dmcuoma Hpu/to a qeruntpa da
c€ on'tmezlten6Ha 5A rcuttoa,tempa no-uasa}o. EAuoapenenu,acb
wog& fia-?oll,lb.r4an2aqacmb ontb /. apJLun ce ftpexgap/tfrIue 8e4e
x't'.tcr'dncuonto Npulto^(Coacoar), amzdramoce npednottazawe Aa.
(e HdHeceno-noc/Ieyoapa.
Egnamr,Roraro KoHcrarxpaorrernsHero Ha HenpnsreJlrno
u,t;rns QpoHrr, $peHcxun rnaBHoKoMaHEyBauIb H3BecrHHacBoe-
TO fipaBHreJlcrBor Lle |ePMAHCKOTOCPAlfieHHe e 3aBbpl.XeHO C'b
5e:nopHa no6ega. Toea hseecrne ce pa3Hece 6tpso uet utna
eppar-riqr,rx
H noBEHrHa ornaEHaJrHqEyx"b y HapoAb v apl/lt4s.
Br nafi-rontuoro cpalteHne, Bb Koero B3exa yqacrHe
1,000,000 {ppaHuysrt ra 900,000 repmaHrrn, Mo>l<eM'b Aa HanpaBHM'b
cr'regHara paeriocmtrxa :a geilcrF.4gTa Ha gserf cTpaHr4:
Spanqysnrt 6txa no-grre Bbopxx{eHH, Ho nofinnqnrt HM'b,
ce 6Nexa no-xpa6po ; rtxnnrt ula6one npn npe,qBapnrerr-iara
rlotrroroBxa Stxa nonptxHocrHH n pa6orexa 6est rBopqecrBo;
rio npi4 cal4lart gericteus lt epiHarn ycn&naxa Ea opraHnsnparr"
nafi-cnoxnl.r MaHeBpHpaHHg u Aa ct6epart Ha ganrarleHus yqac"
r"bK'b EocrarbqHo soficxu; rontuurt HaqanHnrrH 6txa rntpgr,r,
l,!'brrHoce orqafieaxa n yutexa ga 3ana39Tb peEtrb 14 cuenne-
Hr.tero y ceonrt qacrn H npH nafi-rpygHarrt orcrxnareJreHb
MaHeEbp'b;
[epmaHqnrt nrpuexa orJr]4qFtonpe.qBapnreJrHarano,qroror-
Ha Ha 6or; cntno HgnbnHsBafiHt{npe,qHaqepraHusnJraH}, rtx-
nmlf ula6oee H rontmH HaqanHHu,u6Lxa necnoco6uu Aa npoe-
EflTb rBopqecrBo, KaKBoro ce Hanara oTt o6craHoexara Ha
irollBHx(Hxe6ofi; nofiHnqnrt ce 6uexa go6pe, Koraro 6Hsaxa
nopxpensHn oTb MouIHa TexHHKah aprufiepwg; Ho noraro g,oil-
,Eer.ilepegb ,qa ce BJrofi{arr er 6os Mar{cHMyM'b Marepr,ranHHH
r4opanHH cnnu, rt Heuox{exa Aa rr4 Aagarb ; repMaHcxHtt qacrn
oqantsaxa petueHrero na 6og oTAarer{b, a nogauxnnrt 6oeee
ce neqenrrTb HMeHHocb )RePTBH;BcfiqKh HecnoIyqnr4BHrepMaH.
cK14aTaKH Ce ,q'bJltxa-T'b Ha TOBa, r{e Bb 6Og IHnCBa MaHeBpH-
pax{e H .{e qacrnrt He Hggtp}Rarr sary6n.
Orcrxnnenuero Ha repmanqurt ce r43B'bprilt4MHoro 6r'pso"
Ocno6o,qenne cneg'b na,qaHero Ha Mo6roxr 7 xopnycr ce
yxpeflsBaue Ha EHa, rgero Ha 12 cenremepnfi 3anoqHaxa Ea
fipl,rcrr4rar! H erranonnrt Ha 7. apvnn oru florapuHrnq. Koraro
orcrxnBau{lrrt 1 u 2 apvuvtnpHcrHrHaxa na ns6paHara orb no-
F,aHO nOSHUl.ll,rt MOX{aXAAa Ce no,qPe,4qT'b CJreEb reX{KOTO
OTCT;KNJIEHHC.
@peucxararnaBHa RBaprr4pa sanoet,q,aga ce npecnegaaHafi-
eneprpiqHo.,,Cera no6egara e Bb KpaHaTar-rasofiHl,rrrr4rt"n
Ka3-
narue $pencKr4sr
rnaBHoxoMaHgBaulr.llnennnqnrt, n3ocraeeHHrt
pAHenH H MATePHanH' - BCht{RO ilOHa3Balller qe repmanqurt
orcr.finBarb 6rpso H 6esr peg'b, not{rra6traru. Ho H $paHqye-
u;rrt .lacrpicrrulo 6txa gerrropafivgvlparu
H crpamHo r.lsl'ropeun.Tt
32

F{eMO}RaXa AA H3nbrHrr-b ropHara


xa Ha pa3nonofiieHr.{e_qtnHgBa ge
dpawara Ha uoenrt cH no3,Llr,r, n
nocreneHHo ce oq_epraxa gaer,t re
no'qKpeneHH c'r' np,crnrau4nrt ora
rrlBaxa gtcnara rq{n1; ocranannrt
npyna; Mex{Ay geert rpynH ocraHa
Mexgy '13.n 16. cenreuep
F{EMCKOTO OTCTX'NNEHHC T*E NPOAbN
Ho rno3,.tr'r,rtno p. Eua-I-ro'rtx
cb cbKpytgareneHb orbHb o'r' Te
rt nemoxaxa,qanporHBonocraB
H ynopHrocTbra Ha reprqanunrt, or
He orrar.bK" pt*1:1.:_uruo-qeurtpa
,4Ba.qeHasa nocrpofiKa Ha uocroie
caMo
.sBe
s^r^s^i;.ris-gil;;-
€.qr4HbKopflyc.i,, 6t nsqr
araxa. Bcaqxara ": -T^r?il
cH HaAelRA,a sa cn
luna $peHcRara rnaBHa KBaprupa
aofiro 6t nocoqenr er o6xogr,'*,u
5ptsru Ha Oasa. T33u 6!.y
6 apmuz, Ho ce HarbKHa lopnVcr
,a no-rolt
BPeMe ce crpeMexa Jtracneqenart
$
TOBa BpeMe repMaHcKara
eEHa HoBa oneparlH, et enar_igpnf
ort HBToKb irbM.b 3anaAt. 3a
Aa c
t" sanoet,qa ." noqHe o6
?11?:
qpoHr"L na p. EHa. ffcDpanqysgrt
sn
Mapna c'bBceM.bHe e nr"nna no6eg
nordr-a cb cr4n' sa HoBo HacrxnneH
ry6nxa orqe. cneAb- ntpenrt ,up*u"
PeHb orrarrxr EHa U 3anoqHaxa A
'fl* Ha ptxara,
,t,o mosi ;;;r;;
"nas$4uonuanaaortua"aa sanadn
ilaxa sa MacKHpaHefip€xBbpne
rrnrr cr4 eranrr, repl"raHqrait
ysapbna SpoHra Tynr "ir"io
aB
nocTbra Bep4'nr T:Iry
o'b ceBep"bH H'
or6nru. Br cNuroro_:p:r: ,p, ni".
araxa KbMr C" Mnenr" (mexgy gaer
Cnegt.npo,qbnrr(HrerHa6om
lf-r").
!ll! 1to*ognrt np.esrptxara 6t n
nycrHaxa noslrulrnrt cH H Bb 6rpsoi
eIIHH'b
tulir
il:ffitr #"f*Tff*'
;; e.M,;;;;;";',i."*?
Flaxa,qa ce y*peneBarb,
:X-i J:f
Ba qa or6H
33

ulHrt noAKpenneHl4s.@PaHqy3Hrt 6$xa cePHo3Ho 3arpHlReHk


orb ro3H rePMaf{cKh ycntx'bt 3ail{oro roil ra JlHuraBaue oTb
lRene3HHg nXTb CBbP3BaUIbTyflb cb BeP,qloH-bH OTl' TO3H 3a
qacrn
BxrpeulHocrbra Ha crPaHara. Tt 6lpro cl6paxa BcHt{KH
otb HearaKyaanllrt yqacrbt{l4 h cnonyquxa tra 3aRPensrb cBox
$ponrr Ha nHHHsra C. Mr,rent llonrauycoHl.

VI.i.f,eilcrBnnra
- Mex,qy Konnne.nb r.r MoPcKHt
6ptrr' nPesb eceHbra (1914).
1. .tl,eert crpaun ce erPeMcrb KbMb o6xogl na Q.nanru.

sary6nxa oxoHqarenHo n'bPBara onePaqHt'


[-epr"raHqr,rrt
Karo HeMolr(axa HaHecarbyAaPa nPe.q,H,q,a ,qocrHfHarb Ao
ga
[lapnxr. Cr xoHrpr.araxu rt cnptxa u QpaHlrysnrt Ha nil'
ce crPe'
Ha p. Ena. Ho ra geert crPaHHHe nPecraHaxa,qa
Hv1flra

Cx. Ne 5 bis
Crpemnenuesa o6xogl el tDlangpur.

MeT"r,K'bMb MaHeBPhPaHeHa ceoHrt 3anagHH slauroae, npH Koe'


To r4HHqHarHBaraMHHaBaue ry Bb pxqert Ha rePMaHqurb, ry el
rtsu Ha Qpanqysnrt. 3a ga MaHeBPHPart H ,qeertcrPaHn B3e'
?A

Maxa BoficKH ortr:Bonrt apMnh R


n florapnnrug. Tt:n
npHcrnraxa 14 3aroBa "-?!c;;."'un!p"
crpeMneHner
qelb cBoHrt orxpnrn
enaHroaen
petuHrenHH 6oene,6esi*ac*xaxla
crno. Bt rtsn 6oeee.repmaHrlurt
xorHpr144 xasanery:.y Kopnyla
, - qtnara 6e.nrxficxa
apmux, ,ltnd
ilexorHH H B xaear_epuficxu
cTaHEXa cneAHaranocnegoaar Spu"uy
-no
*n.ort'ulti"ll $peut;;
;:""*epafi
:tu- :1To
,'r caMa
.qace"oT,T::":1,:f "ij
na ce crDeMH,qa o6xo.Erag
;r*:."!: r{eFrbce 3anoqHa
z. ap*r'e, 1?y_:i;
Koero ce crcptgoro", o
y*apw Bbpxy gtcruar. Henpr,rererrc
apune ('t3, 4, 14, lrP;;;;
Ha cenep"btBa Ea ?y"Raxro.
rbpcarr enanra
nycb, u{oM.bce npr.r6nizxeure
npe,qr>ce6e cn xesanep,fic**n Ao
*op
ro 3aBlp3naue 6ofi cr, qpaHqysni
clreg.b roea 6nea[
aoncxu,.;.;;#ff
Bauragc6xorenu
ffiTEF#
,u bpiru
perllHreJrHH pe3vn: T:Ily."
aon bci'.""iji'#'l3l' ::-n?oE'bn
il; ;#;;'.TiiJ;#TX"#,, i"#
na p."Erd,-r"*ov KomnreHr u, Rp
- z. urb npHcr.lla.rl"r} nonxpe
I pesepBHaH 3 xaaarepuircxn
;rona 10. ap*He, cpt.rry'xosr; ai*i^
;;il
nnxa cBorra 2. apm1aa..l:Io, A
Apai
HoBr4rrpo.ulJrlRHTeJIFrH 6oener-HoHT
3aB'bpruHxa na*b c"b npeMHHaBaH
crPaHH.
3. F{a 3 noemnpnfi ar px_qert
roBara nv,HLrA Ha Rpenocrbra Annep
noqrx rltnara 6enrxficxa aprqtl,
nJ*
orrerlg KbMb 3ana.qHararpaHnqa
no
apHeprap'r4noA*peneHH,cbeAHa
rauficxa EwBt4gHs,', ep
KoHTo
_gaexa nos
I angr. Ha 11 oxrouepufi Senrr;c*ira
Ha Mopero * p. H3:l:,
_cx,BbpureH
cb ornaAHan-rr
:"^11:Io-' Ayx"b,nopa
benrHt oTb HenpHrTeng.
4) ilo.rroxefur"to.^I?
re"rrbno'Rpr4rHqecxo. _spanqysa
l-epnranrlurt3a
35

Hacr;KfiBaxaHoBh rpaMaAHHMacH' a npocrPaHcrBoro orb EPacb


go 6ptra Ha Mop€ro ce oxPaHJ{Bauleorb cna6H r€pHro_ptrroJ]Flll
qacrlr. frannara- KBaprnpa o6e,qnnn KoMdH,IlBoH€ro Ha 6. 10. n
Eenrnficxara apMrtH, Karo Ha3HaqH reHeParb @ourr" sa o6urr,
Har{arHr4K'r' Ha rosn sponrl. AnrnNficxara apvlvte 6t npemt'
creHa no-HaceBept, 3a Aa 6xge no'6nusy go cronaPHoro cH
npHcraHHule (Kane), Koero 6t ceprosHo sannaueHo.
'Ha
Krrqr" 20 oxrorurepnfi npeutcrnanero aHrlnqaunlt 6t
3aB'bprueHo H no ro3n HaqHHb olb Komnnen'r Eo MoPero ce
flocraBr4 HoBa creHa, RogTo nPerPaEH nxTt Ha repMaHcKoro
HaxnyBaHe er' Qpanqna.

2. I-eprvranunrB ce crPeugrt' KbMl' Ka.ne.

V rzit,
Brnopanntt onurnt Ha, ?eprtaHu'umtb da c/toilnmb .utbrwn
-crcama na cwnawevqwmtu u da deil,cmq/sattrb 8b rat'.aa na $pea'
$,aanez
apftu.fr nponadrua orcoH,qameJttto,cnedb Kamo mosu fittauza
ce onpfr H& t4opemo. fepmaHcxara rraBHa KBaprHPa Pel,uPnga
araKyBa no:nqnnrt Mex1uy Hsept u llmcr, porAero rt He cin
go6pe opraHHsHpaHH,Aa rn npo6ue H Ea ce 3aBnagee croBaP-
Horo npncraHhule Ha aHrrl,tqaHnrt Kane. Toea 6t e,qHa cnolrua
onepaqHg, KosTo ul,eue Aa noraJlHe MHoro )KePTBH,H nPM Bce
,roBa He Bo.qeue KbMb ,peruhrenHa no6eAa: Flxo repnaaHr4nrt
cnoJlyqexa ga 3aeuarb Kane, rt cauo urtxa Aa SacraBtrr! aH'
rlsqannrt Aa cta nr6epar'u ga 6asa eAHo no'lox<Ho nPncranmlqe"
fl orxxcHarnrt Ha ceBep'b eoficxu Molxexa ga ce HaroBaotlrb
Ha napaxoAu u ga ce npeHecarb naxb na $poHra.
3a rasn onepaque repuanqnrt npnsntxoxa MHoro soficrlt
orr $ponra Ha EHa, xofiro 6t aeqe go6pe yKPeneH'b, ort Bo'
resHrt r 4 nonoSopmHpaHu RopIIycH. <DpeHcxara rJIaBHa I{EaP'
rr4pa orb cBoff crPaHa HaBPeMe orKPH clcPtgoToqeHHero Ha
repuanqnrt B?' ro3u yqacrbKb H BeEHara oPraHH3HPaoGcunpno
MaHeBpHPaFle, 3a ga ce nPorHBonocTaBhHa roTBeHHq ygaPb:
1 Qpexcxn xaaanepnfic<n Kopnycb u 3 gususum 6txa fl3rlPa'
reHH B'b nououlb Ha 6enrrafiqart; 4 Qpeucxl.l xopnyca 6bxa
crcptgoroueriH Bb yvacrcka oKorlo Hnepnt (9. 16. 32. 2A')'
Ha i8 onromapNfi cnegb saeaagteanero Ha OcreHge, rep-
MaHcKara rex{Ka aprnnepr,re 3a[oqHa 6or"r6apnnpoBKara Ha no3?I-
qHHrt no p. l4aepr. Tyxr 6t npraeleqeHa H qtnara o6caAna
aprunepHs, Korro geficreyearue npa araKara Ha AHnepc:". tsl-
npeKH Mon{Hara aptunepua, 6elrnficxara aPv|vrsot6Heatlle L4tnH
20 geHq repuaHcxt4rt araxn.
Ha 22 oxrovapnfi SpaHrrysurt nPegnpaexa xoHrpt'o$an'
gHBa orb geert crpaHn Ha Hnepnr'. Ho er roBa Bpeme egku'b
Htncxn Kopnyc'b npor{3BeAe crPeMnrenHa ara*a, npo6il 6en-
rnficxns $poHrr' H npeMHHa npe3'u Hsept. 9panrlysnrt Hb${axa
JO

Feqe Pe3ep3r.r,cb RoHTO4a Ce


re.Flcxoro HanpegBaHe. Rb npo
qacrn H3xapqHxascHqxHrt cH
r.,rF,rb
HeMolKeue Aa.ce_oqaKBa H
r43non3yBarr,aogurt. lyxr mtcrH
tlo'HHCKaor.b paBHaqero Ha
onna e,qnHb BHEb npeB3eMaHao
npaBeHH c[er{HaJrHHnperpaxAaHn
Jl oa orreft'xa, cneEb Karo no
t'5 uerpa Hagb, 3emqra-oKonn, a
orb ntopero. {tnara MbcrHocrl
eogl,rt ara*yBaxa o''{e BetrH.bxr
t-1.new cnonyqHxa Aa er 3aBnagtrrt
Termrb' 3a ga ce h36aesrr orb
6.mato, KoeTo norbnHa nor{Th Bct
Cntgr rosa Heycntxt repm
arax'.i Bb yqacrbxa .[,nxcmofiAeH
rtgl.! 5oeee, Konro np,ogljt-lr{Hxa
r4maxarpaMaAHHsary6u (200,000
KaK'bBb pe3ynTaTb.
EgHoaper"reuHo,
cb aTaHaTa
coqHxa oure eAI'IHb ygaPb llPorH
Baxa ,qa Hacrxnsrb Bb yqacr-bxa
coqehib nporHBb Xail'nanpegHanH
6t sacraaeHb ,qa ce orrernH Ha
cnelrb r{aro noHece crparrJHH sary
$pencxrart noAKpenJreHnr, aHrnn
'i{arb crpauHHnrb aprnlepnficnn
L'b E-ro*orr{braHa Hoara 11 $pencx
qacTFr,aHrJrHqaHHTtnpOnsaegoxa
qpixa nara Aa cnpaTb repMaHcKo
orb rlpoA-bnxhrenHnq 6ofi r€pMa
,q'bntKaBaTb'Ho fraBHaTa KBaprH
ra3c4 FreBaxHa Bropocre.re-THa on
Bpn* cpeqy BH.,ortHHHrtKeuent
(l-napgr.rlra,
Xecen
:-?":I -I?p"ycra
91(r'ij,Ha KOHTO Ce B'r'3noH{nsann
l-{t.nu 48 uaca, yxpeneunrt nosr.
c*.nlio 6om6apgapanr,r. Ha 10 Hoe
oTqatHa aTaKa, npH KO9TO rsop,q
9Pann MaaAexiH or1, HMnepnsra, 6
6escmxcnena ara*a crpyBaue Ha r
lr{eprBH H Hsntse c-bBceMbHecno
Ha 15 orcmoaopuil u rnd3w o
daennru(mpa,u sano'a,axa ycuneHo
qtxw il da ce eomsntn, sa danea ,n
tt-MQ,)€(]'
?orttb.ilto Jnopan$o s/tunHue
ijl

ii
-
37 l

ir
fr{un.,Jatiltom.oucepmgamtunolru\uxa dyxomt 6, a oc*enn rrTont,
ffifr nottylcmtyna, qe u.MaH{Icpeutacw lnopum& npornunauqu:6e,u- ,li
e*rtqtm.nt, Kounto ce 6opexa 3a ocmat4a/l.orno
uil6tdlttqa?rc$ott,tlctde
ornb.mtbx*amo ome4ecmeo,fipanqyurntb, t{oumo naaexa rDpaa-
, u,!19omb HoSoHaxlllgaHe, aH?Luqa,i4hntb, Kofirno nasexa cgoflmg,
'46asa ta Kal,e. Tyrct sa nbpsn nemb ?epttaHqumtuce cpeqfldxa
u cb Koltonufr/tHumtuaottcrcuomb ocuqt{u. t|Brbmole, rcoumo &146
X A n eU34ep n Ae.MUfl n\b U,lnoL,tl.il lt b tdO. c b?/LAULeHUento.
H Aft O.l4.lL,U

VIl. OneparrnurB npe3b 1915 ro.qtrHa.


1. Aeficrsr,rera rrpes'b sHMaTa.

C:ieg-u npona.gaHero Ha o6urar riJrari'b Ha eofiHara Ha sa-


nagHHs $ponrr,, repuaurinrt ce cnptxa Ha conHFHH nos!4qHH,
Kor4ro o6esne.Jasaxanpngo6uel<Hrt hM'b Br" Qpauqua N Eenrnr,
n cacptgoroqnxa BcHr{Koro cH BHr4MaHHe KrM"bH3ToqHr4rt Qponrt,
rgero pycHrt roHexa npe,qb ce6e cn pas6urara aacrpnficxa ap-
Mvtn 14 ce r-iagnecBaxaHagb Vnrapcxara paBHr.rHa.Orr mopero go
UJ*efiqapcxara rpaHnr{a nocreneuHo ce ycraHoBn egnH'b craSa-
neHr Qpourb olb 800 KHroMerpa, npelryneHb Ka'ro npaBb
.xrr'Jib, Bbpxa Ha xofiro npr.r HoafioHb, oTcToe[le na 90 HHJIo
Merpa orr [1apuxr.
. @peHcKara rJraBHaKBaprupa 6t gononna orb nocrHrFia-
rrart qacrnunn ycntxr. Tr oprauusrpa Htxonxo utcrHn onepa-
rlr4r4,r.deJr.su.r,n
Aa nogo6pgT'b no3Hquutb unu Ea npnRoBalb no-
Beqe repMaHcr{!4cnflH. Crrnaurescxnrt apr'lar4 Hsnor3yBdxa H6-
craHanoro 3arr4r.rrneHa 3anagHan $ponrr, sa Aa peopraHn3r.{-
palb pa3crpoeHrart cv aptv'tv1,ga nonbnHar.u sary6nrB cH, .a.a
ce cna6garb cb AocrarlqHo 6oitan uarepnanu. Br c'brnaueH-
cxurt crpaHn ce 3anoqHa rpt*<ana pa6ora, sa Aa ce opraHx-
3npa npou3BoAcrBoro Ha opxfl{He w 6ofiau npHnacn Bb rpaua,q-
fir,r HOnHqecTBa,KaRBHToH3t4CKaBailtenpeEcTogulaTa npo,q'bjll+(l!-
renHa eofiHa. (DpaHqna Hanp. 3anoqHa sofiHara, Karo HMaue ca-
n,to 1300 cHapqga orb norcno r \x'q,r4eH Moxeue Aa npousBer*.qa
cauo no 150C0 cHape,qaHd p€rrb. Ocaehm ronanafi"ungycrphafi-
nr,rrt QpencHH oKpxgn 6txa sr repMaHcKH p;Kqe 3aegHo cb
nafi-go6pnrf KarqeHosxrJreHHmu:rn. PasxJrarenara Spencxa ran-
.qyer'pHe 6t pascrpoeHa ou{e noBeqe, cnegb HenpegBng,nnBoro
fiotsl4xBaHeHa BcHqRapa6orHnqr ilogrr gHaMeHara.Hosoro Mr4-
hrHcrepcrBoHa MyHHrlHHrt rpt6naure Aa flpeogoneBa MHoro
rpy,q,Hogrr4, .-rAero Ea opraHusHpa Sa6pNxyeanero Ha Aocra-
rbrrHo konirqecreo 6ofinn npnnacw. Hexa npnnoMHxMb o[tre, qe
Spanqna noqrh ntmarue xHMHr{ecKaHHAycrphg 3a excnno3hBl4,
qe BcflegcrBne HaxnyBaHero Ha repMaHqurt, 80 % ors nefinara
Meranyp!'HqecKa xngycrpn/ 6t pascrpoeHat r{e HMaure Aa Eo'
roHBg repuauu,nrt c'b re'fiKa aprnnepHt, KaKBaro noqrn ntv{a-
38

LLre.RHrnfir cx,u{o 6! saaapena


orb eofrHara cbBbptrreHHo
foroBa Marep,anHo, MopaJrHo Fre-
.H nc,xoror'qec*H.
BoeHHo MHHHcrepcrBo cflonyqH "{eareauoro
cr6epe gocrarbrrHo uofic*nn,
3-1 Aa ycnnn eKcaegHqHoHHt4flna
cH Kopnycb, no pa6ornnqecrBoro
eofiHaraa pa6oreure''ri"o"or"o-
i3o#i#"" uou""rrt' *..
Ilomr uprrr]:^:.:--n:y-crpoHxa
rHpa peuJn Ea npeElpneme $p_encxararraBHa Ktsap-
oute npaui 3Huara o6qa o$ansnea
cb r.rerrbga ce noBbpHe noHe qacrt
14i{ocBeHoAa ce noMofHeHa pycnrtoor.u.you"-r-rT-ru"il1lprr,
o$aHluea npe^B,l*'qaruegBe o#;;*#ui5"'lo*u
uasHa H neTbBTOpOcreneHH!,r
ara-

F '<xyo.a

lKo., !^?**
6. *..., t

i'
| s!ts
s ,';
I.{r
f
F:i:&s"t
.:l t0. I

i\ o*,*.1
F!lG_]
?-"I
!&. I
l?t
il \
i
\/
* (atuoib
\l

6' r "@!r
peu&<*
'ia7wa - -'--'-{
/\ 49t-"*\--*' f

cxerua Ne 6
.(eficrearrra Ha sanagHaa
epourr, npesr 1915 r.

KH Ha orpaHHqeHr,r
"qa
eponroae. .[eert rl
ce.npo,3Be.qar" 10.;fr;;';"";1J#" 'hlu":X*;
,o_I"
orl 4. apMnegr Luarqna", '"rofo.ienenunr!: ";ffi"
;
rn. apulzl n"*" n1::.; 6) oir a) orr B. aH.
z.'ap*io oru_ Avrraerio*""-rfnua";
a) 3. apr'ur orr Bepgpr{b
no p. -iopr" r) 1. apr"rHqorr
Ha Hsro*'' r'r g) eganr nopnyci Muu"i; HaHcN
E.ngacr.
Br cptgara na .qexemepnfi""
nPona*Haxa,BCJie.qcrBHe BcHqKHarrrno_$pencxn araKn
HeAOCTaTbqHara HMb no'roroB'a
ap-runepuitcnu orbHb. c.b
39 I
i
2- AeficreHf,Ta npe3b nponBrrra.

H a 1 5 . Q e e p y a p r a f ia r a K a r a n a 4 . a p u u r e r I l l 6 p l n 6 s a c e
,i
no.rr,HcBi.{
cntg'a Aocra canHa aprnnepnficxa nogroroBRa. Ha
equHb Qponrt 8 r<nroiuerpa, SpaHqysnrt sr<apaxa3 xopnyca N
npolinKHaxa ar nrpanrt repMaHcKr-rno3nrrr,rr4.Ho nocnegnurt
6txa saern ar gu6cunla b4araKara nponagHa.
Ha 5. anpnnr $paHqysxrt npegnpHexa nenagtfina araKa
Ha H3AaAeHHrr repMaHcKH;Krbnb npH c. Mnenr. Ho nopagn no-
nroro BpeMe H pa3MerqeHara noqBa Hra3u araxa 6t ueycnturHa.
I-la 9. mafi ce 3anoqHa HoBa o$aHsr.rna Ha no-[rnpoK'b
$pourr orr' Eeert cTpaHr,rHa HnepH'a.Br' Heq B3euaxa y.lacrr.re
eEHa aHrlrr4ficnaapmma n 6 $peHctrr4 Kopnycn, no,qKpeneHH cb
eEHa 3FraqHTenHa3a TofaBa[rHo BpeMe Maca TeiKKa apTHfiepr4rr
orr 350 opxgLrr. [lnaHa 3a caMoro HacrxnneHne 6t _paspa6o-
reHb orb reHepanr llerenr, r<ofiro 6E .uzytunu A cxBaHan"b
uafi-go6pe HoBr.rqMerotrb Ha repMaHcxara araxa n or6paua.
Cnegr' ttrecrgHeBHa6ovr6apgrr,rpoBKa aHrnospenqnrt HacrxnHxa
rr cnonyqr4xa Aa Hanpe,qHarb oxono 4 RHnoMerpa, F{a egnb}'b
Qponrr orr 6 Kr4JroMerpa.Ha Snairronert rtxHoro Hacrx,nne-
nre 6t cnpi;Ho orb repMaHcnnl QnanroBb orbFib r rt egsairr't
Mox{axa ,qa gocrnrHarb go Hepaspyruenrart TeneHq MpexrH.
BcneAcraLJe3aKxcFreBaHeroHa pesepeart, ycnAxa er qeHTbpa
ue 6age H3non3ygaHb, H rePMalrqvrrt cnony{.rnxa ga ganyrrlarb
npo6rrora:npocrpaF{crso. 3ano.{Haxa ce peF,'b KpT,BonponilTHr4
6oeee B-b B'brpeuHocrbra Ha repMaHcxHr& nosngvtr Ba aaenagt-
BaHe Ha orqtnnn Kxulh orgtnnn oKont4 ia BI4cor{nHLrr,rcraBaute
sBHo qe araKara e Beqe 3agyr.xeHa. Ho Vtanus. ce rorBelue Be-
qe ga ce HaMecHa'v 6op6ara H rJraBHara KBaprr4pa sanostAa
Ea ce nPog'bJrlKr4 araKarar MaKaPb ga 6t[re oqeBHEHa nefinara
Sesqersocru. tlpra ceofirt RoHrbp'b araKu repruanqnrt ryna 3a
n'bpBa nx.rb ynorpE6uxa 3agyunr4BHrt rasose.

3" ,Eeficrnnr{Ta npegb eceHbra.

Koraro ce pa3BnBaxa onr4caHr-rrtonepaqn!4, HoBH ca6wtng


npeAH3BHKaxaHsMeHeHHeB'b no-HararbrunnrB geficrsnf,,: aa 23
rqait Vranus MHHa Ha crpaHaTa ria c'bFJrarxeHnero H uleue ga
npnBneqe rontua qacrb orb aecrpnficnnrt eoficxra; st Kasxas!
n xaxro H Ha Aafleq*:aflr'b HsroK'b, rypunrts no-
"[apgaHennrt,
creneHi{o orcpueaxa norra Qpourone; I-apuun, Pywynnq H El,r-
rapirq MolKexa scixa MaHyra ga ce HaMecrrb ar 6op6ara. Ha-
Jlatraue ce eAHHb c6utrr ilnaH'b 3a l{eficrBne Ha BCHTIKHQpon-
rone, H Eor.qero repuauq,nrt Stxa nsenu e'n pxqer! cn o6rqo-
TO KOMaH.qBaHe Ha BCL{[{KH C'bto3irl4 CHnH, BCI4qKH Cbi'Jra[IeHCKH
apMLrHgeilcreyaaxa [oqri.{ He3aBr4cHMo egHa olb Apyra.
Bl Ha.{anoro Ha ionnfi crrnatJJeHcKnr {ponrc (800 KnJro-
ruerpa) 6t pa:npegtneua MeF{,Eyorgtnunrt apwan rar<a: Ee;l-
Af\,

xuficxara apMHsor6paHeBauer
g1:: l. Hnepur. (oxono 30 xn
Spo'ra Melxsv HnepHr, ra flpac
gporrru(or<ono
tfl_f:.:y:a'pij
fiopagn MHororo orgtma egua
eert Nomasgnanero puun
c rr, apueficxnr* __6,t
l3j?:_";- ycntia
i-r l4sroqHa.f,Hrnn.{aHxrt :a,r[y
i;pera) ap'Hs, Hoero Beqe ce c"
r?pauqyanrt Here'fl['ixa3a noqu
&'.IBH'HHHa QpoHra
nDH ectxa rpyna apuan;_l :vio'{lxa n
rtxrua
EQcrarbqHo3ecHneHa:qHcnoro
ygBoeFlo;60fiHnrt npunacu 6txa
AOCTaTbLiHO
TelKKa apTnilepLs.
fepmaHqnrt, cJreA.bKaro o
r{sroqH!4rrfponrt,-_oclaBHxa sa o
ap*n* cb Ha*areH"b,c.r,craBb. K
sr4*Hs {4. O. z. 1. 7. 3. 5. apy
orpagn).
Ha o6utrrazBoeHer{b castrt
no HHauwaruBara Ha $peHcxara r
ce B3e peueHi4e ga ce npe,qnpn
$poHrone"Ha sanagHu".$poni
ce fipe,qnp,eMeno geert crpaH,
x.rbJrl,: 10. $pencxa n 1. aHrnn
KyBar-bnpaBo npuo:.::9-: cn n c
Lra sana.q-b;2. n 4.,rpper_rcxra
apn
gpoHra Mel*sy pefirqi:' n Bepgr,o
npaBo Ha ceBepri no gBe gHBA3
ror{eHh3asb araxyroT:rl_"ry11
cneg'b nbpB'r npooraar Ha fepMa
ceBepHararpvna ro66Barxe .qa ce
650-iexxr.l opxg r, a ra3!.{Ha qe
no rosr.rn
:.*11!0_ITKH _opxnne;
urtxa Ea B3eMar:b 53 $pe
2800 noncxu n 176X"u_.ll:
c'brrrarrre'c*,
.rnrf ffff?"""r?
npe3b ntroro, xaro .rairkrt ce y
gororaBauHnrt onnrn.
Ho sa no,qrnroBxall rasn
npheMarxeMexgy Apyroro"u H sa ,q
Ha crpaHara Ha c'rrrJrar,rreHHero
ce
ya 25 cenreuepafi, crre,rlb crpau
nogroroBxa,ce 3anor{Haaraxara e
nHBwLiA,qtx{E.borie nbpBnr_q9!b
uascxnrt no3HuHHH B3exa18000
41

Bropi4r* repMaHCKH- rro3nrl!{H, pasnonox{eH:.z.Ha o6parnnrt rpe-


6eHi,l Ha nrecoqnnlrrt 6txa ocraHann He3acerHarn orb aprnne-
pnlXcxxarr orbHb. 3a ga ce pa3pyuarr -Hoer4 rt, rpt6narue Ea ce
npeutcrm rex{Kara aprvnepus Ha no3ntlvz, a rona HgHc-
d' KBaLUetrocra BpeMe. Egnamr Ha 6 oxror*csprafi,c.nept naro Eu-
raphe, 6f eeqe o6ssuna sofiF{ara Ha Crp6nr, $paHr-lys}irt sa-
noqHaxa araKara ua nropnrt repMaHcHH no3HrrHH" Ho repman-
unr"b eeqe 6txa s:erilr r-ltpxn, sa Ea ce EporHeonocraeerrr F,a
y.Eapa HaTQ.T4MAXA gocTarbqHo BpeMe ga npI4BJreRaT'bpeSepBH
orxr HeaTaHyeaunrt yqacTbrlr,i. Qpanuysxnrt aTaRu noBTapeF{r,{
ntsolr<o nxru 6txa o'r6nrn H nopagn crpaurHurt sary6n rnan-
Hara K,Baprupa sanoatga na 14 or<rouepufi Aa ce npexparr,i
cfiePaUHqra.
l-loqrn eEHoBpeMeHHoc'b araxara at LL]aMnaHb,ce sanor{Ha
rr araxara Ha ceBepHara rpyna ceaepHo orb Apacr. .[,ecerara
$pencxa apuns araxyBa e,qr4Hb Qponrt orb 20 xurouerpa u
Molr{a Aa HanpegHe caMo Ha 1-2 xnrol'lerpa. Ha 9 oxrorurnpnfi
araxara 6t nonropeHa, Ho Hanpe,qBaHero 6t ToJrKoBaHnu-lorr(Ho
n sary6nrt ronKoBa roltruu, ve flrlaeuara KBaprupa n ryxt 6t
npHHyAeHaEa ganontga npexpareeaHe Ha onepaqnara. Anrnu.
.raHl4r€ olb cBos crpaHa arar{}rgaxa ct cnonr* 13 guauzuvteAnH.b
$ponrr orr, 10 KuJioMerpa, Ho n lt Heuox(axa qa npoHnKHarb
.p* B'b repMancxnrt na1vlqr4u Ha noBerje ort 4 RHJroMeTpa. BegHara
B'bpxy rtxb ce HaxB'bprsxa roroenrt repMaHcnH pe3epBn a rr,r
3ACTABHXA Aa Ce OrKalr{arb oT'b npoAbJrx(aBaHe Fla onepaqhtTa
Pl Aa ce rpHxaT'b caMo 3a )rE'bplxeHe Ha 3aBJraEtHoToHHU{ox(Ho
npocrP6HcrBo.
{f mofr, aruztto-fipewcnama o$auauea, Ha KofrftLo ce a6lrla-
ed,xa ?o/ubna aadetrdn u rconmo 6ra nodeomeeua cb fttottKo*a
mpyooeece sasapwwaen ycntux6. Tosd npedusaurca
crumamaH.a
.ttHo?oSucwuHaqalu'uquu Hosaopuetrmapogtta
H,ac6?nawe6crco-
tna HouaadaaHe. flpaaamer?,ctnlama Ha, acawdt] cbzltdweH.cou
{lnpaHu sanoqt{axa cepuosuo da .Lducrlflmt, rca$o no-doipe da
rcaapdaruupanzr
deficmaunma,wa, 6cu.4vu,apt{uu, $a,K6da docmaz-
t{&rnb ,eduacmoo 86 KotutaHd,a,Heffto", ,edarucmso no Bcu.LtKu,
tfipormrcoe".

' 6. BofiHara Ha HsroqHxa


Sponrb.
l. Boennnrb crnJrlr Ha H3TorrHHsSponrt.
fep.u.armncqhralue, qe pycKara rqo6n;rnsaqnsu1e q,esa6a-
B!.r14qe nafi-orgaleqennrt pycxu KopnycHHe ule morart ha
ilpl4crnrHarr na 6ofiuoro noJre,p,orgero rs ce pa3ilpaBh cb
@panqua. 3arosa no o6u1ur nJraHbsr l4sroqHa llpycur 6txa
ocraBeHnMaJrKoH Bropopa3pegH[4 eoficxu, a 6op6ara Ha n'bpBo
Bpemerpt6aure ga ce BoAHorb aBcrpnficxara apukrs,
9
42

Aacmpun gbpx{etue.Bb MHpHo BpeMe BcHr{Ko450000 eopl-


rtnL\br,opraHn3!4paHHB.b 16 xopnyca, KoeTo He cborBeTcrByBaue
na 50 MHJrHoHHoroHaceJreHHeHa HMnepHgra.-3a ulrnu'*L*u"u
-y .e vo6nnvtzutpam -1,500,000 geficreyeaqa --ro;rlru
apvftIs, 2,000,000
{aHqrqVnnr n_500,000 F,P^saqr,-pesepni. noHe"ie Ha
C;p6un 6t o6saena aa 28 ronnfi, ro Rncrpr" ;"p;;"p"'pycr*
cr ntxonxo geHa Bb cBorra rao6anmsa4na.
Pycun ne 6true oqe saBbprrrHna peopraHrrsaqtlaura
Ha
rBorra ap*i/tfl,safloqHaracneEb pycxo-gnoncr<aiaeofiHa.Br runp-
do BpeMerr HMaure37 xopnyca H oxoJlo 750 ecxagpona,
Karo
no'rort*ara HM'bqacrb 6i pasnono'{eHa Brp*'au"nr"r, *
BulHescxng BoeHHHo*px,3r,r.py*-rr puu"onuru*e
"- cb noBeqeor-b
10,000,000o6yuenn sanacErn.
- Ctp1un HMaLueBb Mr..rpHo^Bpeue 5 gnnw3vut,KoHTo cJreE.b
'M-o6_HnfisailHrrace ygnonsaia. OceeHt roBa, B.bnpngodnlNrb ea
1913 Hoea seruril6txa $opmxpauraHanonoBnFra ou_1e5 HoBHE?{-
BHsr.rH.Ta mo6nnnsHpaBcH.rKooKono 400,000 EyuH. ttapogr"r"
u apqvle;a 6txa nsuopeHn orb no,qeunrt npeg; egHa 'ro[r4Fra
gae eofien,

2. Ilnaxa na eofiHara u crrcptAoToqeHne.


Heuqrart ci,,rtraxa,qa ce or6paureart st Hsroqna [1pycux,
gor,qeTo3aBbpujaT'r,onepaq,anrt npOrHBb {Fpanqna.
Aecrpnficxara uaBr{a KBaprr.rpa npegnonaratuega !{3nor*
syna 6rpsara cr-r.rqo6nnnsaqur'aeeguara ga HacrxnH Bb
rrtse
HanpaBneHHx : a) nporuar Crp6na, 3a ,qa ei yHnurolRr4,n-.*;;;
3 ou{e H3oJrHpaHa orr cno*rt cbro3Hnr_lH;6) npornat pvcnz ar.
i lontrta, 3a Aa KoMnpoMerrpapycxara iqo6ann:aul_tan cicpt4o.
TOqeHHero'a raRa c'buro 3a Aa 3anJrarrBa
QraHra Ha aoficxait,
KoHTo 6nxa uacrxnnnn B.b tr4sro.{Hal-lpvcug.
Pycxara rJraBHaKBaprnpa, *unr" ""Lnt"*", 6t nogr ennx"
itnero Ha Spencxaa reHepaneu-aqa6r H B.b3npae eBHHT,n.flar{b,
xofiro qeneue Hali-nanpeq'r,Ea ce noMorHe ira @panr{Lr"our*
nr. nr,psnrt AHHHa eofiHara. 6e3t ,4a ce EoqaRa n.bJlHoToc.b-
cptgorouaaaHe, pycKara apunn rpt6naure ,qa Haqrxnr4 petun-
TenHo at kisroqHa [lpycux, 3a Ea sacraBh repmanq,nrt gu ,rr-
BneKaTbKonKoro ce Mox{enoBeqecHnHorb 3anaAHHl
Pycxara rnaBHaRBaprupanpegnonaraue ,qa Hacrx.nnat$ponrr,. Fann-
!-lHrr,nporner Ancrpnr, no.Kx'cHo, Koraro ce crcpt4oro.rara
xopnycnrt orb rreHrbpaH orqaneqennrt Rpanura,u'rrnuf"oru.
Cp-i'6cxara rnaBHa xeaprnpa 6t per.rIeHa .qa or6paHssa
OTeq€CTBOTO,H Ea Ce npeMHHe KTrMb HaCTX,nJreHHe
CaMO, aKO
aecrpnftqnrt csecer"rr orcna6srr" nacoqennrt nporr"i Cip6na
noficxN.
fepnaa4uwa cacptgofoqtxa nr plsroqna flpycna camo S.
apMr.rsora 4 Kopnyca(1.40. 17. n 1. pes.) a 1'xaeanepuftcsa
43

,qHBH3He"3aegno cb pegepBl-rnrt u on"brqeHcxu r{acrn, cbcTaB-


JrrBaug4 rapur,{3oHn Ha Hpenocrnrt, ce cr"6npaxa onoJro 400,000

M
u'"|s+*4ttt ""

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gyuH. Ttsu cNnr,r6txa pas4tneHn Ha ABe rPyna or1 geert


cipann ua Masypcxnrb e:epa n or6paunnaxa nocoxnrt K'bM'b
9*
44

,[trauq,urtra Eepnnsr,. Karo Hafi_eaxHanperpa.ua


coKu ce cmtrarue Henpoxo.q',r*arap. Ha lhspl no-
il;; ;;;;ro.ir"Lion*u"
A.ecmpuilt4umb
EBe apMHH (5. r.r7.) cpeqy
crp6nN' Ttsvr ,aee _?cpH+2rouuxa
apr"nw,6*xu nog#tn.*r{
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gyxr cPpanqt"@epgnnangr" 1., "
6Lxa npeg"u"*u.,e** 3a .qeficrnun
ar llonua nporrl:..lycra. [rfna-"I-ru*=pre
BAXA |TABHATA-YAAPHA
&pM].re
cbcraerr-
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ceBep"bxarut BapuraBah' Io6rru.ir*:,.
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qeH'b pe3epBa Ha rpynara. .l-pera d*n"
14 Bro!.,, apur.ii.,t6txa'c"ucpt-
.dbToqeHn ca QpoHrt Ha n:roxt,
3a fia npr4xpr,lBarTa
fJraBHara rPyna. e:,aura ua

Cop1ury ptxurt
- "^p,::-::::ta Apnna N .[,y;+aar c:b Brcpo-
K*r4rorptdeeu.re s#rrp***u* nrpnurt ytapkl-
f,:T::: ?-?T!n*t
r JTaBHaTA
MaCa Ha cpr.cxara ap'r4s 6s crcpts.aorcqe'aH3TOriHo,
ort Baneeo, roroBa Aa ce nonece rau"b, rgero
HacoqaTb rJreBHr,Js
aacrpnfiqurt u1e
cH yqapb.
IZscdulo Mox{e-ga cg Ka}!ie, ue x gnert
Bo}onarq,HcrpaHl,
ntuaxa ntnrro.odpa6orenn 06rr{; nnu"o"*
qnrt ce doexa oir.nsrutHu aa nofisara. I-epman-
*li g;'=unu=oro er rer;Ha d;;rt
nJraFroBene rn cro6ulatsexa Ha aecrpNficxau
,u*upin**" Luo*.
I-la nrcneAnax 6E npe.qs'eHo cfrMo
Lrc*aHero Aa ce 3anoq*e no,
B'b3MolxHoerb no-cKopo HacrxnJre!{Eero
no"*u, ,ni"*"gy C"p
'us u Pycnx He*ox{efire ga cx,'recTBy*a ""
Hr4*aKtsargefrHa Ep-r,3*a,
3au_{oro geficrnarra- Ha erIHHHs
$ponrr FieMox{exa ga oxn}{iar.i*
ron*Mo B.nHrHHeHa &pyrns.

IlI. Onepaqaaur* et
kfsroqna {"Ipy*xn
Ha 15 aarycrb, cacptgorouennr"h
cpeu1y kisroqua I-ipycu*
liycKh apMI,lH llpeMI4HAXarpaHp{rlaTAorb .qBeTE CTpaHr,r
:ypcxnrt HA Ma_
esepa cb sa4aqa ga cH noga,q.rxr.b
pxxa orrar.bxr.
e3epara * ga .tbonrJrr{ar"b Hacrx.nreH*ero
ct x.b*.b Eepnuur.
Hemcxara uor:l_Tu*yB?
-Pycrrt p€ruHr€.r_rHo
npn l-ym6raHenr. .qBaraHeMcr{HRoprryca
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creo' TA o6xonprxa-sna".ou*rc
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ia ueuqnrt 6txa npany.qeHn orcrxnsrb
nocJre.qBaHra - ,qa Ha 3ana,q.b,
orr 6trau4ero Haiene*** nu norpaHaqHara
JlacTb. o6-
Br roBa 3a KoMaHqEar4r,B. apmrr 5t
_ .BpeM_e Ha3Haqe*.b
egHH'b ora nafi.Eo1pnrb HeyrcKH,e"eparrJ*X*rg*Oy;r"]
HaqarHHKTrura6a--IygeHgopqba. u u*
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qaofixa, RogToIIo'nocne noe px,RoBoAcTBoTo
Ha eor;cxara no Bchrr'r,l
ce Harr.p6n." ;d;;;t
9llTo::,
ro OT,b
u'iuuu .qa(nacHoreqecrso_
-HenpHsrencKotHaxflyBaHe.
-6ofinoro
L[or"rr npHcrnrHa na
gla, xofiro [o3Hatsa[re noJre Hogr4e uia6r Ha apMH_
4o6pe **r"p"i{, ,:o Ko}l?o tso}ogarue:
45
'io*r,
'pyc*ara !4 Myg*oro KoMaH,qyBaHe orb crpaHaHaB*culero
pycxo RomarigynaHe, peurfi 4a 6rae ,q,eertpycKHapMHH,npegH no-
ctregHrart ,qa ce cbegr-{Helrrorrar"bx'rr Masypcxnrt esepa. I-ltp.
'evtsrbyAapb 5t Hacoqenbnpor[4Bb Hapeecrara a?M s,. Ha 20,
Kopnyc'b6b sanoatnaHc Ea ce E'bpx{klHa yKpeneHnrt cH nosn-
unh npu TaHeu6eprr Htnonxo geHer,gorAero ce cr6eparl' cnnt{-
rt, xonro u{e HaHecarbyAapa. llpornet Henancxara aPMHTI ce
ocTaBa caMc eEHa Rol{Ha EaBusvts,,ycHileHa ca PeSePBFlHr{acTH.
Ecn.rxr{ ocraHaJril cnnn 6txa H3TerneH[4Hega6ensgaHosa pycnrt
n HacoqeHx Ha rorb npornBt Hapeecxara a?MAn no cne[aaqt4tl
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r'714/4+6

fr.1"*Z< fla+w&eeat- €61

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Pycxoro Hacrx,nneHaeer HgroqHa flpycaa (aer. 1914 r')

t. rlpnaeficrn Kopnyct 6t npenosenb no xentgnnq nxrb


go Efinay, orrgero 6b necoqenl' nPorHBb ntens QnaHrl Ha
Hapencxara apwws,;
1. peeepaenr w 17. apMeficnn KoPilyc'l noo6l4KHoBeHHnx'
'rr,lu{a Hacrx.nHxa xr'ul gtcn!4e pycKH
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jn{aBaHHtHACTXnBaL[eR'bM'b Tanen6eprr" Karo l4Malue nerrt cl4
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{xycr4HanpegBaxa 6ernpenrrcrBeHHo, a cPtAHt'trb ce FlarbKHaxa
Ha yxpeneHara no3r.urnflnpr.r Taneu6eprt. 3anoqsa ce olr(ecro-
qeHr' 6ofi sa saenaEtnaHero Ha ra3l4 no3nqnx' c'u Koero noqrn
rrltnara Hapeacxa apMl4q 6t aHraxnpana. Ilo'or.q,ane'leHiart py'
46

ci{tr HopnycH HeMox{exa Ea rroMo


iTpeceqeHara MtcrHocrb, H 6As ce
Ea roea BpeMe npncrHraxa xuar"
inycH, HoHro 6txa
.HacoqeHH Aa a
peBcxara apr'Avlfl.I4sHenaqaHnrt
$
r43Abpx(axa yEapa H- sanoqHaxa 6
aHralr{HpaHnrt et LtreHrbpa
lopnyc
crxnsrrb n 6txa orpageHil. Buplxr
apr4eprapq,rt Henlqmt cnelrerHxa
reFrne Ha pycrart. L{t.rrara Hapenc
rgeHa. Ts usrv6n ecHqxrart cn' do
-nnenr"qr.
90,000 gy**
Ha gtarennoro HeMcRo HoMa
5 ,Eenssa tra Hsnorr3yBa.
no6egar
Aa rperpynnpa noftcnnrt ca sayg
TA pycKa apM,ur,KO9TOMoNter.ue H
cKara npH Tanen6eprr, Ho cb no-
rpirra Ha B. serqcnaapMns, Mox{e,
naracrpo$a.

XV. OneparMxrt et fanprqH* y


Maxapr' ra c9 crpemtxa,g,a
ascrpnfiqnrtrasrv6nxa
ll-l{illlt
cpEAoror{aBaHero cr,rB'r' I-anHqHs.
4. apmuuocraHaxa HenogBH).t{Hl. ct
cacpegoroqeHHeHe oure 3a
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crHrHaxa nHHHsral-pom6euroer,
na {naHra 3" n B" p{1xn apunr,6t
Tt nacrNnv'rxau ua' 2g
3"ry"r!' ir
aecrp*ficxn apmr,{nHa rtxHnrt y*
o.b loF'b, c,re[b qeTr4pHgHeBHa yno
r-rperlpnexacepHosHonoFafi{eHH
npecne4eaHnemeprnqHoorrarbxb
Hacrxnnlart,ea ilonura aec
ce ygbpx{arb Ha prtcrara cx, sarq
iie 3anJrar'uena'Tt 3anoqHaxaBb p
npaHnqara.Pycart Hacrxnr,rxaer i
re*Bpp{ rr'r 3acrr'rrHaxa. Ha nosrqnnr
ancrpHfi.*u upnri- di,
J1x1__utnara
t{o cpa)i{eHHe!HO paexo-ne6agart n
Hafi-cla6ns HarncHr".paaapo"era
rrpaur*o 6espegne, Karo ocraBHxa
Eus L4100,000 nJreHHHr{H.
Ha 28 cenre'Bpr,{ py*.rt o6ca
H xpog"bJr'r{Hxa npecJre.qBaHero qaxb
FsiF,a HOr{t{HUaTa HM}i n}eMr4HaH
47

yrirapcKara paBF{HHa.Fipegnnrt pycKH qacrH[ocrnrnaxa go Kpa-


HoEb Ha e,qHarHHHs ycnopegHaua KapnarcxunrpeSenb, rgero
cnptxa, 3auloro B'b roBa BpeMecraHa ny)*{Ho,qace nogxPenslll
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Fycxolo Hacr.nrlreHuesa l-aruqur po 28 cenr. 1914 r
48

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rnaBHa HBaprr,rpa oqaKBail-.reHac
c'4ol4pqKl4T"6 KoPnycL{' 3a ga ce
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nang 6t ocraBeHa B'b cbBceM'b }
slacrr4. Ilo"rortMara qacrb orb
ilpeHeceHa 6tp:o_ et Cune3at,
Mapurant XaugeHdyprn
ancrpnilcxara fJlaBHa rBaprHpa,
9poHra, Karo aacrprficxara ap
flujeMr.rc"bnb, a HeMcKara - ga
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.gHr4qacrn Ha pycnrts. llocnegHn
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llrTT, KbM.b mocroeert na Bacna
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50

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51

Baulb Ha rpynara apMHH(B n 9), a Maxensenl, rofiro Eo ro'


raBa KoMaHgealue17 Kopnycb, noe KouaHgeaserona 9 aPuus.
l-lpegnpnexa ce o6urnpnn utprn 3a ycnnBaHeaprunrrt na us-
ro.{Hr{e QpoHlr' cr' $opmNpaHeHa HoBHqacrH. Klur' cptgara
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r{He, qe e Heo6xoEnMooKoHqareJtHoga ce ocraBH 3anagHHsl
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Bropara ntucna oSaHsneaer llonura 18/XI - 31lXIl 19111
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3a Aa ce cnPe no.HararbruHoro HacrxnJIeHHe Ha pycHTt


xbub repuaHcnara rpaHnr"la, rpt6Baule Ea ce npegnPl4eme Pe-
52

|IlHTeJTHa Criepaqhfl 3a yHHtuoH


xo.qslilH ce B'b ETrrarA. Ha
.p. B
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NrHpaHnqacrh Hacr.xn' or.b H
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V. Qnepaqnxrb sr" rrsroqr{a


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uraBHa KBAprHpa ySHa 3a rpa
rnaBHoxoMaHgBaul-b,xofiro cutra
paHero na Kaprarvtrt ,qa yH,r.qo
B'b i4sro_.{Ha npycl3 h ga cH o
nerrla p! Feplranr. T'bsF{ sar"lHCJ
MHOrOLrr4cfieHUrf eorzcnH,cb Ko,n
53

i{BaprHps. I-epr'raHqntt He pa3i-10fia[axd c'b socrar.brirro cnJr14,


3A ,u,A Ce ilpoTr4BonocraBqr"b Ha pycxoro Hax.nyBane, ay,o rt
,qagex?rBpeMe rG Ea. ce opraHi4Sr,lpa.3aroea XraxgenSypfl) peu]ki
p.a pa3crpoH pycKHrts nfiaHotse,npeEM .qa ce ganoqHe l4sn"bnHe-
FiHero irrqa" orro noecsopnnpannrt qacrn 6txa c.bcraBeH!4ABe
epMHH {8 n 10}. HesasficraMo or} rona rpu Hoeo$opmnpanra
-nocraeeF{a
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xaTa w 3a cnoM.sBaHeHa HpenocTbTa oCOneqr,. flpnroraena
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VI. Onepaqunrt er nonr.ila npesb n


Cnegr' Karo ce ydegnxa, i.re Bb epa
ce rTpo,E-bnlKaBa noEBx)+ftraraaoxnan rep
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55

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crxnneHr4e 14 3anogtEa jr,a ce noqHe grcrx.ltrer-]r4e Ha qtnr.lg


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Jrarnepunlx.u.Qrttta su.t4aplcnama ?,oasHarcBdpmupauorcewe da
pa6omu sa peopeaHulupd.He Ha cnoflma. cu/ra. l-epaauqumn He
docxzuenaxa& smopocmeneH*anta qelLbHa naxacleea Pycun; [4wza-
57

)zrtfl.H.ece yn/Latuu oftl,b npusudH,un^epirahcKu ychtuxT ti Ha 23


Juart o6n8a soi#ta, Ha qerdmps.,aqufi"tlb
cu/tu.,

Vll, Aeficrennra Ha aBcrpnfiqrart nporlrBb Crp6an.


LUoua saB'bpruhxa cxcptgoveHnero cn na cpr6cnnr Qpourto
ga 6olt6apgnpart Btn-
ancrprafiqnrt nr npar ua tolnfi sanor{Haxa
rpa,q'bcr' Sarapen pasnono>KeHr4 no ntelts 6pfrr Ha nflyHaea.
ilo re HensnoJrsyBaxa nbpBara ynnaxa Bt Crp6.n usry6uxa
qtnn gee ceAMLlr-[H 3a nogforBsHe Ha csonrt fi'b!.r,rroneparrr4x14
gaEoxa BpeMeHa cp:'6crara fJraBHaKBaPTHPa Aa ce opneHrr4pa
go6pe sa noJrolxeHnero14Aa nogrorBn aptvrvsra 3a npeAcrorr-
ulnrt cephosHHgeficrena.
Egeamr na 12 aBryclb 1914 roa. aprwnrb na Flerfiopexu
(5. u 7.) sanoqHaxaHacrxnneHr4ero cr,{ Ha egHHt QpoHrr orr
160 xnaomerpa. Cra6nrt npnrpnnanul,H orpl4n, c'bcraBeHH or'l
BTopopa3pegnnnoficxn, HeMo>r{axa Ea nonper{arb nd aecrpnfi-
qnrt npra npeMHHaBaHero HMbnpesb nofpaHnqHnrt ptr<n (Apra-
Ha ra Caea), Ho rt sa6aenxa gocrarbr{Ho ancrpuficnoro
HACTXNJIEHHE.
Ha 15 aBrycrb HacrxnBafiin:t ancrpnficxn xonouHgocrur-
Haxa JrHHr4rraLUa6aqr, Uepr, HA xoeTo rpr EoqaKBarueqtnara
cpr6cxa apwnfl.Ancrpnfiqnrt sanoqnaxaaraxara na yxptnenara
Ha eguH'b Qponrt orr 40 KHnoMerpa. Cnegt
cpr6cxa nosvlttrvls
TpHIHeBHHyno?vrt4 6oeee rt cnory,raxa Ea 3aeMalb Htxon
or.s QnaHrosnrt yqacrbqn Ha no3Hr-trHsra; Ho na 2O aBrycrb
cap6ure KoHT'bpr-araKyBaxa B'brreHT'bpa,oTxB'bpJrr4xa
ro H crpe-
MHTeJTHo npecneABaxa.PasxxcaHa Ha EBe r{acrr4,aeclpuficxara
apr4afrnpeKparn 3anoqHararaonepau,HeH orcrxnr{ sagr ptxnrt,
cJre,q'bRaro ,qage50000 nJreHHrIH H MHoro orr ceonrt Marepaa-
nra. Crp6nre 6txa onHnHeHHorr ycntxa, npecneEBaxaflpornB"
HHKaBb Ancrpnficxa repr4ropr4s,.-saexa Mnrpoenqa, 3emnuntn
Fraurerpagr H Hacrx.nnxaKbM'bCapaeeo.
Ancrprafiqnr't, xonro ar Haqaroro nogqtnrnaxa 6ofinara
crofinocru na cpr,6cxara apuvrfl, cera cnegb n'bpBr,reneycntxr"
3anoqHaxa,qa g na,qutHgBarb.Hegashcr,rl"ro orb roBa Llacrb oT'Il,
soficnHrt Ha cpr6cxna $poHrr rpt6naure Ea ce npeHecarb Bb.
Yannt\ns, rgero aBcrpnilcxara apmvtt6t cepnosHo ygapeHaoru
pycnrt. 3aroea Ha cpr'6cxna $ponrr HacraHa3arHurne. Ho er
c;ff.uloro BpeMe [1erfiopex:, nofl,forBrure HoBa,,HaKa3aTeJrHa'{
eKcnegurrHqnpornBb Crp6aa.
Cnopenr H3pa6oreHHrnJraHbEBa Kopnyca 6fxa npepHa3-
HaLreHH ,qa geMoHcrpupaTbno Qponra Ha p. Caea. ocranarnrt.
cnnn rpt6Baue ga npeMnHarb p. fipraHa na 100 r<r'q.no-Ha
roF'o oKono 3eopnux'r' u lko6aene H Aa ce Hacoqarb nrut Ba-
fleBo, Bb rHJrb Ha l-nannara cpt6cxa uaca.
Bcnqxnrt onr4r!4 Fia ceeepnnrt ascrpirficr<meoficxu ga
npem!,tHarbp. Caea 6txb ocyereHnr Ho crp6nre 6txa ynneueHn.
1G
58

.tsb ra3H nocoKa H Vnorpt6Hxa


rontMa qacrb orb cBoHrt pe3epr
EH. lOlfiHara rpyna npeMHHa p._[puHa H
Hacrx[H KbMb Snan-
rosnrt cpr6cxn no3prrrHH
npd ryrireuo , r<pvnu;;.'i_d"-rti, r,o-
3n\t4n crp6uri; ce Ssxarepoficxn,-Ho Bb gurNrt
qHxano'rortmara qacrb orb 60eee tt
ceoart 60fi,nn "r"up-
rpafi ancrpwil:4wrbHaMecHxa 6os nprncrrirranrrt
"t;;;Hu?'"o""-
_er, nogp=**"
H npulyanxa ntsuq cpr6cxu
Snanru ga or.qpbnHe.Cpi.ocnara
rJraBHaKBaprHpar-ie pa3nonaraue Beqe. "e cb pe3epBH
3a ,qa
T3:13:1::::l:pjvnlp-:: rq EaEesanoatsa
"d
'rt;;u 6#;

tVe:8t

#:ie
l','ii..:]"

, '''2\
/..:'*'" f?razX"Liiz
i'\ "

o 3{ ee-

Cxemair{! 13
flecrpr.rficxoro
Hacrx'nreHue.

,qa orcrx,nH Ha l43roKb. rlacrprafir-1nrt ne npecJlegBaxa eHepfH.{-


no a cpt6cKoro orcrxnJrer-rHe ce H3BbpluH et go6apt pegb.
'uu.ipr,;t*oro
Ha nosnqnnrt no p. Kony6apacr,p6nr! cnptxa
Hacrxnrrenhe
10 qenx (20.-29. noeruapnfi),
no ucnegcisneo6-
xoAa Ha EBaTanUr, Qlaura, HanycHaxaH tt3n nosnqun, KaTo
x{eprByBaxacBogTacronHr4ar{ 3aexa yKpeneFraTa cH nO3HrrHgHa
nu*lz'sra.
Cruegepeao,Kocuafi, Pygnnxt,'p.
-et Mopaea. Ha 1 .4e-
xeuepnfr ascrpuficrnrt eoficxn entsoxa Btnrpagr.
Ctosuaqnrt na Ctp6arr HeMox{exaEa ce npr{Ter{arb Ha
noMoudb,ocBeH'bc'b opx,gr,rqn 6ofrsn npnnacu. Cpr6cxara rnaa-
.ria KBaprHpaHeMolKeuega ocraBHHenpl4srren'er Hafi-60rarnr!
qacrH Ha CBOeTO OTeqecrBo,Sau.IoroKpat Ha eofiHara ne 6ture
grqe _6arasrKb,a ro_BacJromrBaure,qyxa Ha aoficxara n Hapoga.
Tg o6uncnsrueN o6pa6oreaurenna"a 3a peunrefieHb yAapb
Bbpxy Haentsnl{rt st Cap6nr aacrpnfrqr,r,nopmo6bxa ce npo-
,59
nuHn*'
yKPeneHa no3Hlll4el 'B'b eg'Ha
crHanl4 CPeqy cPb6Kara

Iil
.iir,
ii
ll.
lli
I.i
.'i,l
[.

ii
Cxeua Ne 14
ur'rrt'
Ha aecrPraft
!1oPax'eunero I
ii
cbcb lrlnpoKo o6xoAtto FBHfi{eHHe
Me 1. H 2. cpl6c*r'r aPMI'tH anc;gnficxlI
rl4[a ua no*tone6arinerb
ce crpeutxa ga cne""narb 6ptr" na flyHanax'"rqr-Etn- [,
&ponrr, "u.ron"u'*lo='il;#; 6t oxoHqarenHo
apwno.
ipau'. Ha 13 o"*uiup'I ;;i'{:'iTa K'bM'b
oas6ura t anyt'"u'"" nyg6 naHl4qecro orcrxnneHl4e nPe' I

B-b pxuert na
"u
mocroaert ta caua'i';#;;;LP";;' Te ocrasnxa
'" o6ozw' 3HaMeHa'oPxnl't A
crenBaur,rb crp6n
oKoJIo 501000nJleHHHtl,u' Ha Sponra nPorHB'b
o6egc-puleHa
Aacrpnr Ot ct""pu''esno cpr6cxn no6enu' KoHro
CrpSrla. Husa",nc';";il-6;tt*s,rt uii^o' Aeert aecrpnficxn
rroBr4ur,xaMHoro o*"';; tpi6t**u
igib ront"u ancrpnfic'
apMHH6txa noqrntil';;I;;"nrt;
50

Kara apMHe6t cepaosHoaHrax{Hpa1a


Pycnn"-Br Ha'{anoiona rt;;;;";?iranns Bb gelXcrnuara",nporr"*
-r"uunrerHH
ce HaMechsrnr eorz-
sa ce or.qtn"ri c'ra 3a HeBHns
ffi11#lq*6eaue
ilo ntosu HaLiltttb Aacmpan Bb
rrto.t4eHmaHa tlawema
-iffi:olru Hd..t4e€-
serveH,erwoacetue
cdilocmonmbrzruo
- da
paquu *a cpa'crcan npednpueia one*
cmpaH,a, 'poami 6-erf,*ury*urrrnn* noitoa'b o*t?;.
HA.e/tast{amaixnsaur4a* fepuawun.

B, Borinara Ha Typcxax
$ponru
[. FlaprecsaHeTo
na Typr4m*
t:b Haqaroro Ha o6qoeeponelicxl,ts
nPaBhrercreo o6inn, qe u1e xouQnnxrr, rypcKoro
nasot r,eyrpaJraTerb. Ho
BtieHHe 6e uencxpeil?:l1rct" rosa Hsq*
ivp_,;ri Aa4oxa npH6exaqe
sBara repMaHcKHKpbcrocBaqn fro6en* na
BrHe Ha rtsa xpaclocBaqh E;;;;";:U;;;" o.r*"
npn o6aeara Ha sor;Hara Bb
Mope ,,r npHeMaHeTo-:r::tT, orKpp{ro.
rypcKHrE Bo.qH, BKapBaue
HeH!.!ecbrJratueHcKnrt grpxaen B.b cbM_
oruocure.nHo 6xgeu{ero noge-
/treHxe Ha Typunn. t'ep*uuiq"rt
oir" ynorptdnxa
Bc'qKara ., nou*o"tll';'?:':-.:T"
sr eor;Hara,il;#*;_i i r"T"Tlo- lnu"a ;f
ycvnnfrra Ha Hsrn :!9::. *ff:T;,
"T:;KJ,"'' m_m:
Ha2eo*,o,ffi,1i".:l[HTi npesb"
.?o_.Slpu
r.,t
norofiHxaIIBa Dycxr.{
",,*,o*u
nr L{epHoMope, r.qero 6or,r6apar.rpaxa
eAHFib$pencxu
napaxo'a. Ha
o6sau sofiHa nu Typ1 , r,r BeAHara 3 HoeMspufictraaure,-r"*r*
eoeunxrt gefictaua Ha qerHpn anug" roBa ce 3anoqriaxft
oro", $porru,
i) Fla 3 noeuepnfi c:,rrauru".*uru
_cptgnseruno*oiilila
$*?X'tr?*#ff".t'-"*.'-p'"*l,?,-1*uro6";6;;;;;;-Auoo
2) Ha, r{aBRaBKa
cHara rpaHn\a, ""**,2y,^y^!y!!ara
pal6n gBe'rypc*r4
aplunn
npeMHHa
ryp-
EP3epyM.b. nii^"^^ H, Hanpe.qHa K.bMr,
3) Cxqrzq_ geHu ri;.fiprqaHHTt
HacrxnHxa nrr l_lepcufic<uxr
:rxnnxa ort t-ta^a,,.-
sari4Bb xaur LUarenapaSa"
4) Typunr* ee rore.hxa p,a
Hacrxnrrb orb eraflercxartr
rP€FiHrla xlml, Cybgxr,.rgKaHaxb,
p'xa, Karoo6ssixa,rporeRropar" noi
"U
np,exa oco6esnn noer.rn;.l "uo"t?;?Httlr;*T;:fi:
.natpxn ui-orof"";'
fic:r,r.i;e cro6uqaBarbcb H"i"i, ;u',;;;;";, ne.

lI. Onepaqaart Bb AapgaxelurB nporprtsb {apurpagu_


l{anatceaHeroHa Typu , st eofiFrara
gaearle B.bsMox{Frocrb.
Ha c"'.rrraureHr,rero
Ea cr! o6eacne.{Hug"u no_bn*;;-;p;;;
_*
61

€AHHI] OTb Hafi'Baxsnrb c'blo3HHI-lH:c'b 3aBnaAtBaHeTo Ha IJa'


t'lepuo MoPe H Molxeuie rra
purpaEb ro craBaue rocnogapb Ha
cua6gaea Pycnx cb MarepHaJIH'Konro go rooa BPeMe ce hSnPa'
u-4axanpe3'b ApxaHrencxl.
Hgrnex4a, qe anrlnqannrt. KoHTo ce Harr'p6nxa- cb one'
parlr,rrart no 3aBnaAtBanero pa [apnrpaAl u r€cnannrt, ne cx
6iunw go6pe ocBeAoMeHH 3a c'birPoraBnrenHara cnna Ha ryP'
cKaTa g.bp,,r(aBa,sa HefiHara apw\fr? saqoTo rt pasunraxa MHoro
necHo u,a AOCTHTHaTb ra3l4 IIeflb cb e,q,Haql4cTo MoPc!(a onePa'
qkrq. Ha 19 Qeepyapnfi aurnnficxara Srora' noAnoMoiHara orr'
"$panqysxara, 3anoqHa ga 6om6apll4pa yKPenneHl4tra Konro 3a*
TBapgT.bBXOga nt .[apgane-ncnnrt rtcnnn_n fi_ga Pa3ql4cTBaMH'
Koero nPog'bnl+<Hqtn'u meceql" Ha 18 MaPrrb-ce 3a'
"*iB,
*o*"i caMoro Eopcrpa"e Ha rtcsnHnrt. Ho rypcKara 6ptrona
uf*n"p*" *e 6 6rna cJIoMeHa cb eEHoMecer{Hara 6om6apnu'
hruny"u,4rrt $norn nPerbPnflxa crPauHI4 sary6u(egr'm'r
6";;.
6ponenocerl.b H r?n RpbcrocBaqh noroneHr,t, EBa Kpbcroctsaqkt
cranrlo nonpegeHn) u 6bxa nPHHyAeHI4-ga npenP^arelb oneP-a--
qa 6asu. 3a BcHriKI4 6E
vuflTa 14 Aa ce oTrefJlgT.b a'r'mopcxr.rrt
9cHo, r{e nPeEnPHeTaraOT-baHrn'r4qaHHTB axrlnq He e cr'odpa'
3eHa cb npnnqnnnrfi Ha BoeHHoro HcKycrBor galxe' axo -6Bure
ragntsna cnonyqngBa, Tt He Bggeuie R'rrM'bBOSHHI41PI4EO611BKH:
n*o u"tno"Sfencxnrts Qnorra 6txa nponuKHarn A9-PHgo F"p^'
n t-lefno Mope,-narl nxrs go PycHx.r'le 6ture, o6egne'
"puar ,qor,qerotyptirit nnagtexa g,Bara 6ptra Ha rtcnnnnrt
qeH'b,
- eeponeficnngrb H a3urlcrna.
r.ll4cTo
flsrnnficgoro a,4MhpaflreficreocfleElr rieycnturuaTa
MopcKa onePaunr ce y6egu, qe caMo cl $nora He Moll(e tra ce
uru*u l-laplripagt r,r ga ce o6esneqn nxrel no MoPe Eo Pycux'
3aroea ce saMncnt4e,qHaHoBa onePaql4q 3a 3aBfla[tsaHe ]YP'
exara cronuqa olb cytxara. Asrnlrqannrt Sopunpaxa Bb Eru'
nerb etrr4FrbeKc[eEHIlHoHeHbRoPnyc'b, c'bcroeur"b orl 4 aH-
nnrX.*r'ra 1 QpaH4ysKagl4Bh3nit(orono 65,000 gyun)' 3a 6asa
Ha gecaHrHaraonepaqus 6E onpegtnenl ocrP-oBb JlemHoca'
['gero 6* npeHeceHbeKcneEHI{HoHHHsi xofnycl, V npvtra3Hone'
paqLv1q anrnnficxara rJIaBHa KBaprtrPa noEqeH'iBaLfleBoeHHara
t;t r; Typtl"". Kaxro ,qe nn*nrurr,no-Eony' aF;iJIhqaHHrt6txa
"a
{lPHHy,qeHH nocTOeHHO Ea HsnPau{arb IIoflRpeiIJrEHHe Ha ro3!l'
nbpnyc", xofiro Eb o*(ecroqeHl'rrt 6oene usry6 t noneqe orb
30000 gyrun caMo y6uru.
Ha 25 anPHn'L1915 rog. eKcneEHIrHoHHHe H('Pnycr'6t cro'
BapeH'bsa l-annnoncnas nonyocrPoB"b nPH Ce;:nna-6axbPb 14
npn Cyxna. Typqnrt He Mo*(axa na nonPeqar; Ha gecaHra'
r<bfiro ce I,I3BbpIilt4no;-', nPHKPHrHeroHa MCrr{HHHTrr aPr,ne'
pnficxn ofbHb I{a napaxotrni&. Ho uloMl' aur;to-Qpeugrart cro-
ilup"*u nrpeurt cH qacrh 1a 6ptra, re 6i'xa nocpiuln-ar1--T
eHeprnr{HhKoHTbp'b-aTaxu. 6nano.qapeHr4i oTnHqHaTa xpaoPOCTb
oz

Ha H36paHHrt noficxn, rt cnonyuaxa ,qa or6ngrt risu


xonrtpr.
utu*roL.f3_-c!_yxpenarb Ha egHa rtcna r4Bu\aort
6ptra.
rJcHqKHonrrpl na anrno$pen4nrt ga saBfla,qesraeHcoxr4r!
rypcxn nosrqll'u HenocpegcrBeHHo go 6ptra 6txa o.yurtnr,
go eceHbra rt ne M.rr(axa,qa HanpeEHarb "
HHTORpaq*a B.i, ,,o-
ny_ocrpoBa,Ho u myp4umtu He cnd,ayuuia niii o;l;';;u;;r*u
crnoaapeHumtu H,atnbxua mepil.mopuneoilcrcu,numo 6a ,i
a,mo da ce rcaqambo1pamio H(r csoumtu oopo*odo.-'cirdi'roi"*o-
,o"

CxerqaJS 15
.(efi crearra flporHBr' -[apgane;inrt

u.emo ruailftclaHeuu cnedr paszpot{frsdHemo


6un, coettatae :?y:.!!o,u ua Ctp^
Hr4umft p.e.ut
u a p-isfoamacortyru crcu, 6por*u
,
npomusbHat6 n sdnoaHaxa, :a --d^o6 -
npe,suierczuepafr. da nperuacninb oort-
1:1y" ea, er Cottyt!.b,Rarno H,any c daxa'on o,*iii"iii|i- iiia or, ^
crcamt:. OnepAqLn.
"

F. BofiHara Ha HranusrrcKHe
$ponrt.
tr.HarvrtceaHero
Ha Hranuc.
I terb.qeHa cneg.b us6yxeaHero Ha o6qoeeponeficxara
riraJrHsHCKOTO sofiHa
-Tpon"
npaBHTeJTCTBO Ono'ecr,, qe ce o"gtn"- o."
63

nash crporb Heyrpanr{Terb.,R'bM'b


HU' cbro3"r r{ e peureHo na
criiHra''to' *ott'u"pu orAtnqHero Ha nralwrfr
gBerb BoroBaul?t n'bpBa
c'b roBa, a.'or"it e or6pannrenesl' Ftronexe AaCrpnx ra3!{
Hanap,aure '.,-J'iiun^' 6"'p"t-"oBHo noEElPxaule
"" Ctp6un,' r"ft"l""
c"-11iue' qe He e 3aE'brlfi{eHa
HanagarenHa eofina,
ga noEE'bpxa 6nruriarB cH cBto3Hnll'kl"
orb c'bIo3HHqgoroBoPb none-
Bt cxulnoa,o Ha VTtanuvt 6t n'lnoro
""y'puJlHrera rq ro cl6np'4aBarue uafi'xo-
aKo
3eHb Ha cbfJlalueHnero, Aaxe' orb
cHeMe ecHqxkmt ct't soilcxn
peKrHo: Qpanqran Mor*{eule Aa Ae-
npot'"t fSPr'rauraa;-
rcx{Hara rpaHl4qa; il;1ilo'fe6u cH c'b Vtanut orKpHTa'
crpuq He Mo)I{erue na oc'uu'' rpaHrauari
E^i nPaB,rencrBo 34"
sauloro oule orb fi;;';{ Ha o6nacrnrt Vlctpw w '
"un^oHcKoro
noqHa nperoBoPl'I3a orcrxIlBaHero HapoEl' 6t cr'elp-
I4TaJIHqHcKHq
TpeHr+lno.Hegaenc'mo o'b roBa' c'bro3H,Ira'a
rueHHopaBHogyue;;;;;'t"o"tt' -'q'oBrleParuHh3Haql'tTeneHb
6t- rasnpareH'b
Ha 3anaEHH"qpott"-tut'opu"u'n npott"t repnauuurt'
go6poaonuu' Kol4ro Beqe ce
orpsAb ltle;; Ha nlllaenrb
O6rr{ecrsenoro *"""'u orKPHro
COITCIIIC HA"'*nut"'p'uule
NPABHTCNCTBOTO CAHHCTBEHHS
OTb CtTNATUEHHCTO H - BoIoBaHe Ha crpa*
ugea'nn
nxrb 3a oo.rrru"l ;;;;;*nrt
HATA HA C'bTJIAEICHI'ICTO' rPa'
Aecrpnficxara p,EnnoMaql4e' Karo qe rH He BHH{E'arue
-Ea 3aE'oBonHHarIHoHan-
HiTl^t:t
MasHara"onacHoc,l;;; ;il Tt nPenOPXqBa$e HA
HaPOEl"
HHCTPeMeII{1t Ha UTaITUAHCRVg n
ynPensBarb rpaHraqnrt K'bM'b Atanus
soeHHlart Bnacrn ga yxPeneHh oure or-b MHp"
c,nHo
KoHro H 6esl ,o"f oL*b Eocra 6nu'
Ho BPeMe. H,an''otc*oro npaararent'"o""'*gu*e 1t13.'^"u
Hranur
na ue rptoa [ace
ton1nsruvato*""|"'uu8o6ig'"u"'-uro
to*" gu craHe caMo c'b eofina
Ho qe roBa o6eEnneune
I,t3nycKa' ce sIBHga pa6orn
cpeudYflecrpnr' Hu 'u*u no4'o"""nuiu-no""u HanPaBH ua VTta'
*oT9
cbrrarueHcKara [onroMaqHe' --To*etue'qa orcrxnBarxe Bce
orcrxnKu' 3alqoro-
nug rol#vtn TePhropHtJtHH
" r gr s il cr'6nagHesao't."ront-
.ryx{s' r"prrop ff ; ;6" ^;;'nt eu
"nl'
H o]:---u"*p'ficxnrt ueycntxn
unrt orcrxnKl4' !$YPaxena- trotl1:? rafiuns' flonn'oncxu E'oro-
Crp6ran vr non''ua, Hiin' ' - Bb
rq ce 3agbrlfiaBa Ea ce HaMtcH
Bop'b. Cr' ros g;;"opt sl saMtHa Ha Koero
t'pt"u'a Ha c'brJlatueH-l4ero'
eofiHara
HralH:1:KHrt seNIHorrHecrpnt' oule
urture gu"unony"'-oi""tt tDnyue' Barosa' qacrb
14ocrPoBHrt no-.[aluaruHcKHe'6ptrl'
rontraa QuHancoaanoMoulb'
orb MaJloasnu"*ii- OpArro'
n&nalHgonqo'
Itr. IllpnnttEeficrenn nl$Tpenruno
ua Hecrpna' I-loqriaeA'
Ha 23 vafr Ytrranus o6sau eofiHara Kar€ l4Snon3yBalrre
aPMHg ce rorBeuet
lia roEHHa HTaJIHglHcKara nPe'
aprnnepna 6t Han'bnHo
onnrnrt MHoH{ecrBo KPenocrHI4 14
.t"Jo*--1'sg *' *' op.xn'o;
"u ""o"u"lnrt-:^nbncxara
B'taopx,HreHu nocnv*aTb Raro
Ea
6ptsroonop*o'i?I*;';l;;;;t;16"^'''"u
64

rerr{Ka noncxa uptr,l:?:_l;


aH.qycrpHrra6t uarogeHa,
craBsrBc'rrxn aeo6xog,ara sa ga Eo.
VIranns.Morr{eruega or4tnr "oe,r"ni ,iripron"; oure Bb Haqanoro
il;;;;; cn sa cb-
rosunrlnrt; o.ru*J rrpHoBpe'eHHr4rt
p'I MHoro or,qtrHn "';i^;;:r:*::" llut"Pusnurb
nvca ce runpaxa
'r'rc6unhtlpu"rrt
Qop
1qHcJloro
:: -t: -KoP
gocrHrHa go 2.000.0lHBH3Hn t{ ia
norbrlHarb qac'r,
Aa
rrrHqacr'oopu,y"iiu.:?:1,"J'=:""fiT:;XJ""J"P
".r"*rri'|.--mo6nnnsnpaurart ";;;;
ectxn
6ofi; o-6urbro RoJvraHEBa"u i"#f;
a" no" ortr HaqaJrHHRa
ronto'u no*u"iJ cr' so6po;;-'l*sy
ura6a
fi;"fr?:"rTio"i#:'

*o**:::: W cr" 1c t+ t+ 3.

{:{

\ .-/'l
o.l f ss.t

;gA

Cxelra Ng 16
Vtranuascr<us
eponrt Eo oRroMBpr4fr
t9l5 r.
MeHTa, xorato Hra.r
*,,rcn'-.p1"",#;,:il:"ff
ga Ha rrraBHaraKBafrlrpa Xiffi"trffi?1'*"#X*"'i"#l:
qoprnsr'rxaqaosunrt Ot ui-nrenp*oxog,{mart
- nfiaHr,rHn vI
n6crporirr.t.-to rtero*u*u
,qa np,Baeqe
65

soficxr4 orb .qpyr!!r! $poirrone, 3alqoro B'b roBa BPeMe geert


apnnn 4eficraynaulu nPornnlr C'r'p6an 6txa noqrn PascrPoeHn'
a Ha H3roltnnx SpOntt 6t SanOqHaTOPeUJHTeIIHOTO CPat*{,eHHe
er [1onuta, Koero florntulaue BclaqRHPe3ePBH.
aPrqnT BetrHara cJIeEb oSssara FIa
!-lerr,rpnrt :zrTailnflHc:c'jl-
aofiHara npeMnHaxa rpaHl4u,ara c'b IreJIb Ea Sanyularr' nxogonert
nt llom6apgcRara ,qonhHa 4 Aa cu o6e3ne'{arb 6esonacHo Ha-
crxnneune xlmr BneHa. Ha etrHHb $poHrl orl 800 KHnoMer'
pa vrantflHqnrt sano'rHaxa rPygHara nJIaHI4Hcxaeofina' flo no'
cne B'b ra3t4 H3HbHPetrHonpectueHa utcruocrn ce nPeKapa rx'
CTa MpetKa OTt' nXTHula' HO B'tr'HaqanOTOTyK'b MOlReLIIeg'a Ce
geficrnyaa caMo cb nJraHHHcKaaprvllepufl. klrannsncxara rIaBHa
KBaprl4pa ce crPeMerxe Ea Ao6He 3HaqHrenHH P-esynrarl4 npe3"b
rtrbro, 3auloro nPe3l: r{''arara 3l4Ma ryK'b ne 6txa B'b3Mo}*Hil
F{HKaKBHBOeHHi,rtreficrnns nopaAH cn,bxnnrt npecnH H BHeJI?IIlh.
t{acrn orr 1. Hrannsncxa apqv1l Hacr.x,nl4xa el Tpenrnno
rlo ,4onr{Hart na ptxnrt }OgPtxaPns, Rgnqxe n Cyraua' Tt or'
6nr,cnaxa cna6nrt aecrpnficxn qacrl4 I'r Hanpegnaxa on' 2 .qo
10 xnnorqerpa B'b arctpnficxa repnToPl'te.
L{acrn ora 4. a}vu4fl Hacrxnl4xa B'b .[ononanrcxnrt
"ffi'
Tyxr mecrnocrbra e HsB'bHPeguonpectueHa I'I raBaue B'b3MolK-
nocru aa cna6nrt ancrpnficxtz arpsnn Aa ce or6paHaearl IIo-
ynopl.lro. vnanwv,rtrtatt He laoxaxa Ea HaiIPegHATb iloBeqe orb
4 xnnoner;;a olb rpaHllqara.
2. apvinn Hacrxnt4 sl Flafi'aaxHara nocoKa Bnnaxl*BneHa,
Fro eAHHcTBeFrHhrnpoxoA.b npe3'b Henpncrxnnnrt flJraHI,iHI4ce
sarBapstue ort Sopra tlan6oprero. Kaxro nPegBal+tgarle H Hra-
.rrhrHcKaTafJraBHa KBapTHpa no-cepnosurart geficreiar B'b Ta3H
r{yB'
nocoxa ultxa Aa 3anor-{Harb camo cJleg"b Karo ce noJlyqarb
crBhrenHlr pesynraru no 4pyrnrf yqacrbll'l4.
3. apmna Flacrx'nt4 no 6pbra Ha ]'toPero KtMb Vcrpnz n
cnoryqr4 ga npeMHHe p. l4sonqo npl4 I'opl'lqa n MonreQnaKoHe"
Ihprrar& Arailvls+c*H ycntxra ce A"brlKexa Ha H3HeHagara"
Cropo, o6aue, ancrpnfiqrart ce c'bB3txa, HsnParnxa Ha ro3tt
KoHT'l:Pt'
SpoHtr 3Haqr4TenHHnop,KPenfleHas vl c'b ox{ecroqerln
aTailu 3acTaBnxa npoTHBt-rnKa ct4 caM'b Ea npeMhHe xwr' or6pana
I-ontuara onacrHocrb orb K'bMl rorl 6t BpeMeHHoorcrPa'
HeHA, HO l4Tanl4gHCKaTasautca FIaHHcaule eAHH'b cTPaIUeH'b
yAaPb Ha ueHTPannnrt gupxaau : Mopafl,H,u'flmb e'sercmoHcI'fiuasu
td7,L[tuca8b c-o?/tLlltlegcltumtucfi4pat't16rb Jrtqo?o ?o/tlb.r46; Aacmpun
yile,outtu allnu#,cnwnuu cw eailcin om6 45- tt'G' 280 dpytrcwu
'dueusuu), {24'
Katno oftt$xe?/utt"oft't'6-pycyun $porunzr qtu/xu 3 dptr4'uu fi'
ffiO ,sb rl4otnegtfta, K1?a,ftzoXUnAeadyper' U MArceruSeru.O Hq,f77ll.ctddxa.
tletttfiffie/lH.OmOSn $poUmb U plcumtb 6ruXAar' nboll'O Atncm'xWLeHU.e"
66

,S., Hcfirr*ar&. tsb ng

I" 06:.ltoro n0"ns


Faser,ira:arepmaL{cK&
14r.i,qycr
i'ili 14 npegmopcr(r4fia3apu" 3a csoi,
fepr:ann* o6apHa
.BF*.4fvlankieroeh
u '*yxgut& nagapr"l, .xp3rimr
:T..x,rt{ru1a
:{n (e Beile s,trF}aBoHaerar-{i,iJ:H nr go
-frcH.rKiln46repHqr,r.Konor-rpignruurftcrp
xa Hac0:ieHi{ ft'rtrBFtsni,nl:o enCSOgnn
;{su,r{} f,qei0 fepMaFieKp{E HOJ'toi-iElsAT
;{a Fa qbsgana qn&ryu.1mKonoFr}1pl,B
-forO,
nl)l'r!-ia&re]fiaxa Hamepyruauioros
i: tr43TOtrHF fepprilr.CKeft$pnXr. l-iOer
raxa E"brperunBtrt cli FFaHkirtpx!-16F!e
o$racrli Ha Eerjrpenna R$puxa u cr,
Her-{r4erd'bMb E,&rp&ruseersre reFnrap
eHI-iA rpAH,fi,n0grJaI{OJ1C}FII,;HJIHA
F,.bpH
B:" Txxpls oxeaH'b, repnaaHqnr& n
fsi'rnes u oe"rponmr& Keponurucnn, fl4a
pTsli:',l4apruanemml+eaploe,
!1pe:r 1897 nogNr-{fr, creg"b pye
"
ijnrf; ee Fracrel{i,rxaF{a l,agror-{r-{Hnr"a3
trna*-uatru ora Kmrar; sa 1flO ro,qlnnr
:{nnoMeTpa r& nccrponxa npr4cTaHr.{
{ar-rHa Sasa sa T:bproBeKOnporir4HBaF
erposBAFlero H€ HeOSxoqnmnr& xen
e?aH& Ll!{oF{oMkrqecHc.erolTer-{cK}..iireFrr
Kprrafi.
Ha npNnoiaeFiare exeMa ce B!4f
pi4Ka_e sxoJ:o t0 nxrx no"ron*rqa or
r* t5 F{HJrHor-{a H{r4reJnrrTpe&cranngr
i€ xollonmn r-ia i"epmannn, Hari-cra
Kar"repyrru r4marueoKorro 800000 KBaA
Snaroyerp*ena.
3a p* ce Bi,tgti nc"4o6pe, !{ERB
rixr* cxnkr E'b MoMeHre Koraro Hr4e
Hara, rrr,e hsno]Rr4u'bHaKp€rK* noensu

trI. [,{srgOeaae"G &*a RofiordE4flre


Taga i<ononnx 5t pasnonolnena
e-vgan:i-p: arirnnfici<ara r{onsii}i:l 3rarrie
soiiriara_au Enpona ynpaer-iren Ha rf
-rirarHe {!) x noircxa orb c'i,cegvart *
reta rf. I-ic, anin;+qanurt N $r'raxrlysri
67
"p

EofiHara 6txa perueHn BeqHaraga rypelb pxxa Ha Bcnt{_Kla rep'


MHr{cKHKoJIoHHI4. Tt nsrrparuxaManRHorpegH (oxolo 1200 gy'
:;-lu--7 porn), Konro 6est 6ofi Saexacronulrara H Hacrxnnxa no
xeltsnlrs nxru orr' 6ptra KbMb B'brpBrunocrnra..Ha 28 aB'
rycrb rapHnsona cbcrosu{b orb oKoJlo-200 sofiHhxa ce nPega'
.qe n 4trrara KoJIoHhtMHHaBb pxqert Ha c'brrauleHnero.

trll" 3aenantBauero na Kauepymr' (Qedp. 1916 r.)


Br rasn KoJIoHI4rirepuaHqurt auaxa oxono 35 ySPeneHI4
r'rtcra, no cI{JIeH'brapnnson: (oxono 2500 esponefiqn, 6000 ry"
3eMrrr4n 3 6arapea). HesaeucnMoorb roBa cbrraruenu,nrt rynl
Huarue ,qa ce 6oparr ct go6pe oPraHhsnpaHorory3eMHoHace'
a'
r
i
..j:''."."..'.'

I H{
F
s
E

Gat-o7r^* +w ulutrnu{' uwrarfa

Cxei.ra ]',i! 17
BoilHara eb KonoHlit-irt.
68

neHHe,cb Henpexon:r::L:_11
.lu
KnHMarbn iqtcrurart ertH,qeMH
Hspa6oreuna nlaH
__ -!nopu.qr
ga HaXbnTaTb Bb KOJIOHH9Ta OTb
pero H ga o6xpxxar"b repMaHc
rt u-qe
6x,qarr ."
ry-crb 1,914r, 5 "?llyJ:il 11 K
gHrno.epeHcKn
iloHne,n*aaorZua,HacrxrHxa or'bM
n fa6on. Cnapaun or.b yRpeneu
HH, orb rpyAHara mtcrnocru u n
ry1nxa qtna roAnna, AorAero go
o6runpHaraKonoHHr.Krur *p;;
xa Ber{Sga HaHecarbpeunrenHns
KoHrpb'araKa cH npo6nxa rxrb H
6txa o6esopr,xe-nq. Crrnauu*qrr{
pyub r{ax.bna '16 eeep. 1916 rog
IV.$3aenaneBaHero Ha repM
3a ga Morar?,no.cropo 4a o
IuHpHara r.{MbKonoHvraB.\ oro-3a
r orcr.Ennxa;Ha r,ox{Ho-aQpnxaa
ro cb no.4'baHr"rHficxoeni,grrme.H
reHepana{.(eBerb a Eora a
_d!u
rpnorHr{HarasaAaqa ga H3roHerb
ngrr rtxuara KorroHHT_
y-e5qy *
Mecerrbauyapufi1915-iog
!ry::.
:i:i:.1"_I"pnycb 6t cronapeH.b H
Jrts3HHr nx.Tb KbMb
axrptrunocTbr
Ha repMaHcxaraKerroHaa(oxoro 3
ifi*%$V. .4eficrnasra Bb repmaH
Bt rasa KonoHarr repuanqn
opraHn3r{paHa
:ffy:_.Ii1
cpt,qcrea sa 1o6pe
yropura 6op6a'.
40,000 a?M s ot" *oqro i2 -.npV
% b
ocraua.unrt ryseMr.ta.Tasn apnun
reqHHqH, opx.Ena p::HH xann6pvt,
MarepnaJrH,a 6t nocraeena nogr
go6rp'b nosHaBaqbHa KonoH,eJrH
cr *oetpnero Ha ap*,sra H Hacen
xa Bb crcegHurt cBoH KoJIoHHH H
14saroBa Bb,HaqaJrorona sofiHara
rt sa repuauqart.
Tt ocraeHxa e,qt,a qacrb oT
6ptroeert. Cr qacrs_orb cHnnrt
xnyxa et flHrlnficxa Hsro_quaAep
Ha ra3n K.oJtoHHr. Epyrn 5000 repM
cRara Hononnx Konto, Maxapb ie
69

6t ce 3ag'bnxuno cb AoroBop'b Aa yBaH{aBa Heyrpanurera Ha


Fenrilq H KoJroHhr4rt ir. .(pyrn 5000 gyilllt HacrxnHxa nr, Span-
'lL;',IrysKara KoJroHHr PoAesraq.
, .[o xpaa ]ia 1915 rogr4Ha c'brnatueHr-tHrt or6raeaxa rep-
&qaHcxnrt y\a?h, a egHoBpeMeHHocb roea cr6upaxa u opf€tHHr
3Hpaxa HoBH cvtnr4 3a cepno3nara npe,qcrosrqa 6op6a. 3Haqlr-
reJrH.aanuuficxa Qnora 6noxapa 6ptronert. Ha nonou;r 6txa
noenxaHr4 r,r 6yprart orb lox<Hoa$pnxaHcxnrt cregnneHH ,q'bpr
lKaBH, a olb Ha4us Stxa 4oxapaHH gHar{HTe.flHHeoficxoBH nog-
KPenIeHHst. flo o6l,r.noBeHHH nxrauqa 6txa EoKapaHH B'r' pa3"
rlo6eHr nngr' ntxonxo KaHoHepKH,xouro 6txa crno6eHH et
e3eporo Tanranafixa H BeAHara sntsoxa Bb 6oil ct MaJrKara
repuaHcKa Qrora B'b .roBa e3epo. Eenrnfiqrart pa6orexa rptc-
KaBo Bb Konro H cnonyqr4xa Aa opraHusvparb ryseMHa apMHfl
orr 25,000 EysrH. FIo roslr Har{[JH'b6anHo, Ho cnrypHo cbrJta-
urenqnrt nolrorerxa HacTxnarerHara eofiFra sa sasnaqtBaHe Ha
nocJregHara repMaHcxa KonoHHr ea A$puxa
flr,pnara cepr4osHa no6ega Ha c'brJralueHrlnrt 6t npesr
aayapnfr 1917 rogvl*a. Cne,qt ,roBa c'brJraureHqnrt, no4noMaraHpl
orr' 6ypn H nopryranqra 6txa Qarrnuecxn rocnogapr4 Ha Kono-
Hktflra, Mai(ap'b repuaHqlart ga npegqpuexa naprnsaHcKa eofina,
(orrro rpaa EapH Eo eceHbra na 1918 rog,HHa.

Vl. ffnonqnrts saBnaAtBars Kuao-tlay - I soerq..1914 r.


flpncrannqero Unnrao 6t go6pe yKpeneHoH cnyrReuJe
sa 6a:a Ha repuaHcKara ganenon3ToqHa ecKa,qpa, cbcTosula orb
MoAepHHMopcKH eguHrrrh. Ha 15 aBrycrb 1914 rograHd,xoraro
no o6u1ua rJraHb ce 3anoqHaxa onepaqnnrt tIpoTHB.b repMaH-
cxnrt KonclHur4.9rnorltz,s,.qaAe ynrHMaryM.b Ha fepMaHns Aa v,:-
npa3Hl4_BeAHaraFraerara nnraficra npoBnHqut Knao.t{ay. fep-
MaHlrr.rrt He orroBopwxa Ha ro3r,r yJrruMaryM'b, sauroro snaEtexa
ra3H repnropus no AoroBopl ct Knraft. Cleg.r H3rHqaHe cpoKa
Ha ynrzMaryMa rpn enoHcKr4ecKa,qpn,nogxpeneHn ct atxonr<o
anrlnficxn MopcKH eAHHr4qH6noxnpaxa npucraHHu4ero Uunrao,
rAero ce HaMHpalue caMo qacrb oT'b repMaHcKaTa THxooKeaHcKa
ecxa,qPa. Ocragalara qacrb Bb roBa BpeMe 6t nr' ,oKeaHa. B1'
cxtl-loTo BPeMe eAr4Hb eRcnegHrlt4oHeH'b Kopnyc'b,
-olb clcTorlu.{b oT'b
1 u. non. ,InoHcRH Aae,vl3vwl,noAKpeneHn oKo,Jro1500 aH-
rnuitcttu nofinnqlln 6t cronapent na 6ptra H ce 3anoqHaxa ce-
pno3tln npHroroBneHHsr 3a araKa Ha RpenocTbra oTb cyua n
oT'b MOPero
Ha 27 cenrerqepufi repmanunrt 6txa npnnyAeHn ,qa ce
orrerrelb orb-npegHnlt cn no3nrrr4r,t; Kpenocrbra 6t o6npN-
)KeHa H Ha 1,6 oxrorunpufi ce 3anoqHa 6om6apnnpauero. Ha
6 Hoeltapnfi noqrn BcHrtKH $oproee 6txa cpyreHn. I-epr"ran-
cKara aprHne7ws 6t cnouena c'bB'bpr.ueHHo;rapnusoHa HeMo-
70

)KerIIe Ea ce nPorHBonocTaBH Ha ,lnoHcKaTa araKa, noPa.qH


cBorrra MaJloqHcneHHocrb(5000 AyulH) H Ha'7 cenreMBPHfi KanH-
Tynnpa. Bcnqnn gaBapeHH Bb npncraHnulero repMaHcRH Id aB-
crpnrZcrn BoeHHr,rr<opa6n 6txa noronenra.;i

/ .,\lr y
W^ +
1-v
0"'
1-*o
Q) ?

",r{-qfi..
, *+ ,--\?*-
'F J*€L7rL
J$N' \
P'' 7-1^'--r I
'fi/\-

it J ,rt-)=!
'a-z.J
r| \-z'
p

CxeuaJ& 18
fepnaHcxrarb
ocrpoBH.

Vll. Or<ynarlurr Ha repMaHcKHTB ocrpoBn Bb Tr,rxnsrr,


ReaHb - oKroM. 1914 rol,.
Bt csolrrt ocrpoBn repruanLlnrt norrrn nBrqaxarapHr,rsoHh.
Ttxnara rHXooReaHcKa ecKaApa6b npltrygqHa Aa ce pa3np.bcHe
[rpegb rnrnoro6pofinaraaHrJro-enoHcKaQnora. 3a ntxonxo He-
gtnn cauo aHrJrr{qaHnrt, anoHqnrt H aBcrpanafiqr,rrt oKynn-
paxa ecnqxnrt_ repMaHcKHocrpoBH (ser'rxra Ha HMneparopa
Banxenmt et Hoea l-anuel, ocrponnrt 6ncruapnr,, Cononont,
Cauoa, Kapo.nnncrnrrrbapxHnenart, Mapnrscxart n Mapruan-_,
cxnrt ocrpoeu).
H tnoft, 06 Jrro.Me+,nta
Ha da,IaemoHartrhclate a6 aoil,aama
f epnaruun 6ru aeq,ercey1una noqm,uBcututum,bcu, Ko/rottttu, 6ees
iltbuac6l6 us?lled6 da cu eu norapue o1panruo c6 soeHtracfl,/ra.
t1

E" Bofinara M MoPe'


Bb Har{afloro Ha eofiHata'l '
I. O6uroto nonollreHlae
Or-ue Bb HaqaJloro' clrlaurencxnrt E'rp'flaaH ycBonxa
gcfiHara, xofiro ce Sasnpau:e Bx'PXy.Mare'
€I14H'b n:laHTr Ha '
phan Horo l4sroule HI{e Ha IreHrParIHnrt glpxael, B-oe-rlrylnef
no cVTa, no 6op6ara
crBHfl ce Bo,qexa nor{rn I4SKJInr{l4TerHo
;;;"tu u"nrpun"trt irapogra ce eoF,tue qPe3b 6noxnpaue rtx'
nlart'6ptroBe, KOeTO ce F,ocTHraure6naroEaPeHHeno'roJIEMaTa
qHcreHHocrb Ha c'brJlaureHunrt' T1pn6nnsutenHnrt MoPcKH,cl'lni't
ra6nnua:
ni gsert BoioBauru crPaHH ce BHx(Aa or"b cneAHara

flHrnna I-epmannx
EofiHtt eAhHtatIH Opauqna V
Pycun flncrpna

n[pegHayrH 48 zL+

Texnn Kp'bcrocBaqh 2A5 70


IIexn xpr'crocBaqi4 45
Ko nr rpt'ro p ni'Inbo P14 502 202
Topnnnropu
Aq', 105
f'logeo.qHIaqh
10i 56

Ou4e nr'pnara rogaHa rla sofiHara cr'rnarueHcxnri; Qnorn


ce yBenhqhxa c.b oule HtxonKo HoBr4 rontmu 6oitan eg!{Hi4l-{H"
yBenl4lle"
Koraro repvranqnr.b cr,cptgOrOUnXa Cnonrt yct4ilnfl sa
ce Bbsnaraxa nperotutPHl4, Ha'
J
HHe Ha no,qBotrHnlrl4rt, na KoHTo
ge>KAH.Hexa or6enelKHMb olq'e, qe KbM'b c.brnalueHcKHTE 9no'
gnoHcKa Qlora, a K]"Mb
TH ce npHc'beEHHHMotrePHara v cnn{a
nreHTpanrlnrb cann -ryPcKara, Kogtro Hmauie caMo rPt,t MotrePHI4
egHH!,ttltl.
Br' Haqanoro Ha sofiHara Qnornrt na gnert BoruBau-I'l4
crpaHr4 6txe pasnoJlofi<eFiH no cnegul4tl Ha.lHH"b:
lepnarucrcama $noma 6! cu6pana B'bBb soenHnrB nPH'
(l-no6eHb Lt
oru"*ufi Knna m Branxenmcxa$enti gBa Kpbcrocea.rn
6
Fpecrrav) 6txa sl Cpbguserqno MoPe ; egiia ec-KaAPa orb
o{ Tix,srr oKeaH'Ir (Havftrrao Mexcnxo, 6Pa-
il;;;;#"",
""
sunurs, nctouuo'aQpnnancxnrt 6ptrone)'
Aacmpaft,crcama$'aoma cb H3xnoqeHne Ha gBa KPbcrocBa'
i{h B'b .qaJreqH'flr.b *iro*t, 6t cr,6pana et nPucraHnulara tr-lo-
na N Karapo.
Attz,ouf,,crcamaflttoma I'tMatue rnasHl4rt cI4 cHnH orr' 3 ec'
r-(agpr,tnogb Haqan.t"oto Ha agMl4Pana EnNxo Bb r,ePhroPuansurt
FHrnHq; cptgnser'rHoMoPcKara ecKalpq 6! npu ocrPoB"b
"ogio "a aecrpnfi*<ara6t npn aeirpannficnnrt 6ptroae,a arnaH"
ptfrtu ;
THqecHaTaKP'bcrocBaIHe oReaHa.
72

@peacrcama finoma r4Mau.rernannnrt cH cr,rni,ior.b ,qBeec-


KaApHH e,qHaEHBt4sns, e:, cptgnseMHo MOpe; egHa ecxagpa 6t
n:, Jlamanrub; gBa Kp'bcrocBaqnn Htxonr<o no crapn 6olxslaegn-
yuqr.r 6txa Ha MaponaHc*{rt 6ptroee.

x-*, * l,

A
.f" !
g ll
'a ,f->o^,L F

'1,1,+L:At;c&y- I'
t.

04. i
f
l
I
I
$.
p,
lit%dzxa' I!t
I
CxeMa Ne 19
Mopcxara sofiHa 1914-i915 r.

Pjcrcama finoma 6t pasgtneHa Ha EEe qacrm, RoHro


He-
Mo)r{exaAa ce cr6eparr: gee ecxagpn 6txa u, Eanr"*ino
pe H egHa Bb 3arBopeHoror.lepHoMOpe. Mo-

il. .{elicrnnara Ha Hap5og,HHrB


$noru.
,l-epvanqnrt He llenon3yBaxacBosra
e.nora npegu r,ro6r4rr,t-
3ar-[HeraH Bb nbp_Bnrt gHn sa aofiHara. Tt moxexa
Ea yHr4rrlo-
H Ea pa3pyruarrBcn,{xm :,:xa npn-
:1T....+luff1<?ll
craHr4rqa. _$nora.qaH3HeHaAar.b
IvlolRexa ep
Earxe H aHrJrxficKr,rrl,
6ptroae.
Ha 3 aerycrb aHrnhqaHkrt eeqe ce'etsHxanpegb Kvncrins
Ka-.
lant_H 3anoqHaxaAa^6paHer.b
-ger-ra epencxurt 6ptrone n fiarqanrua.
fio lB aBryc'b, :a 10 6.!," npexebpreHa Ha
6pt5r 150 xranagna anrnnficxa ap*u, besb .ua Morarbepeucxrax
repMaH_
-A'".nr-
qurt na nonpeqarb Ha rasn rpi/p,:n MapcKa
;;ut;,;;: -anp"-
.{aHrartycrponxa gaJieqHara6noe,**a,i
fupnaH""] *uro-
Baxa cBorra BoeHHa$nora Bb ynopHr.jj'tnynxrone no H3TOrrHHf
Sptrr na LlJorrangxa, a 6nnixaia 6noxaga npegcraBHxa
Ha
pn6apcxH napaxoslr rd Ha nosBosFr!,qurt.Fep-
l:9ry::..p1*eun
FraHrrHrtHanpor'Br rpt6arue ga EeficreyBar"b Bce fiO eqr.H.b !r
cx'rqn nxrr, ,4o6pe H3BecTeHbHa HenpHsrelrs.
73

Koraro BpeMero no3BotgBaue, anrnnficxara Q_noraAInAIA'


saue Hsb ceoqra 6asa (ceeepnnrrl aur.nnficnn 6ptrt) H ce
crpemtue fl,a nphBneqerePMaH.cKara Bb orKPl4ro MoPe. FlPta
egHa raKaBapexorHocr-lnPoBKa (28 anrycrl) cl xolro -ce nPH'
KpHBarxeegnH-brontmt rPaHcnoprb-_Ha aoficxn, rr cpBulnaeg'
Ha repMaHcKa ecKagpanPH ocrPoBa Xenrolangl. Cnegu rByqa'
coer 6oil repuaaqrrt 6txa npr'trygenH,qa ce orgp'bnHarb Bb
KHJTcKHT KaHaJIb,c;Iegb Raro HaHecoxa cePI4o3HHsary6n Ha
aHrno$pencxnrt ecnagpx. Cne4r' BgnraHeroHa M'brJlara o6aqe
ia rt niry6Hxa rpvl 6oiiHx etrhHHItH.
flpesr uoettspnfr 14 .qeKeuBPufi_repuauqurt ce onuraxa
qpe3'b araxa na 6asnrt B'b ceBePHaApnanpnz, 4a RpHBnexarb
anrnnficxara Qnora no-6nnzy go cnonrt 6ptroae, no naRb He
ycntxa. Cnegi roaa aeqe rt He cutqxa ,qa ..nPartlar"b-cBoera
$nora B.t' orKpnro MoPeH nPe3b oxroruepnficxnrt 6oese ea
6enrHr, aHrno-'$pencx* xpr"crocBaqnce qo6nnxaBaxa-Eo -6plra
H rislnaxa yqacrHec"b aprnnePnrlracH Bb cyxoseunnrt 6oeee.
I-epuancxoio npaBnrencrnousry6raManKoroH3rneEH3a ycntxl
xaio sanoxn ua Qnorara Aa Hs6traa PeuHrenHo cPax{eHneH
;trace 3a[a3n H€noKxrHara Eo 3anoqBaHeHa nperonopnrt 3a
Mr4P'b.
Br' CptgraseMHoMope rePMaHcKHrL xpr'croceaqn.I-ro6enr'
n Fpecnay' 6om6apxnpaia Jclnxnpcxnrt 6ptroae. Spencxara
eptgnseuuo-MopcKa ecKaEP€H3JIe3eolb Tynoncxoro nPucra'
HHUle,3a Ea rv yHHuIo)i{H.no n;fiTtl cH rn cptulua aurnHfi-
cKara ecxagpa, Koqro oxre ntuau:e HHKaKBHHHcrPyKrrI4H 3a
geficreNe.@pe*c*ata ecKaAPace 3agoeonl4na na6lrcgaba orb
Aaneqb EBara repMaHcKI4 RPbcrocBaqa'KoHTo6gsnpenxrcrBeHHo
entsoxa rr, .[apganennrt n 6bxa KyneHHorl Typurar.
Br AgpnrinqecKo MoPe aHtno-Qpencxnrt Qnorn 6or"r6ap'
gt4?axa.Eanuarascxr,rrt6ptroBe, Ho aacrpuficrara He ce noxa3a
B"rrorKpHro mope. Ta ocraHa et nona n Karapo saga -cnoNrt
MHHHH3afpaxqeHHqH noKPoBl'treJlcrBaHa olb MourHa 6ptroea
aprvlnepnf,.Onnra Aa ce npoHHKHeB'b nPl{craHnulara cb nog'
sbgHnqn BuHarH6nearue ocyereBaH'b.I-lpn nPHHactHeHa xPaHH
a 6oiwn npunact4 sa C'ap6nn n HepHa'l"oPa eEHH'b orb oxPa'
nssat4,art 6poHenocqnce HarbKHaHa MuHau norbHa' I gPyrl
68 ropnn.nnpanr orr' egna ancrpnilcxa nogso,q,Hl'Iqa.H ryx'b
I cbtrfialxeHHeroHeMolt{aEa }iocTHrHePeuHTereH'b PeSynTaTbw
ce 3a.&oBonucr, 6nosnpaHero ua aacrpnficnara $nora.
Br, Hepno.mope ryPqnrt sanoqsaxa ,qefrcrshsraoule nPe
EH o6gsara-na noixara. Ha 29 oxrouapufi qacrb orl Qnorara
nog,KpeneHa ors I-so6esr n Epecnay l43ne3eB'b orKPI4ro Mo'
pe, 6ou6axgr'rPaOgeca H noronn eElaHb Qpencxra naPaxoEL'
l Cnegr u*sonr<o EeHa aHrno'Qpencxara{nora 6or'r6apgnpa yK'
penJreHnsranpH Bxoga na ,[apganennrt'
B; gareuunrt Mopera repuaHqutt Stxa oPraHH3rPanH
rparr4r4osHanogBnti{ttaeofina, Kosro RoPeHHo ce PagnHqaBarue
' ll
74

'T." nacHEHOTO
.q"ilp'{aHeHA rna*H'rt MOpcr{H c.nw Br: eBpo.
ner)icxnrtBonlt: t<i"rri.o"pru"
wa Vluguitc*Herb "ET5:T:"
xpbcroceaxa
nogNrt
or{eaHb HI noqr' napdlHsxpaxa
rpa'cnopr';,,Kapnpye"_BbpuJeuJe c.brJ:ar.ilencxnrt
cbu.loro oKoJl. Aurnncxnrt
ocrpoBr4i ,ApesreH','*E-b r'o'{Hara qacrb -sa ArnanrHqecr{H,.
oxeanb; Htxonxo .I-oT3.SIunwnwopa6n
q*noro 3eMHoxrn6o Li nognoMaraia cHostxa no eogurt Ha
nrpnnrt.
Ha 1. uoemnpni ,yar,iHa,-rr4xooxeaHcxara
^!?1j
cbcroffqa orr" 6 6otfiun egnhrrar.ln, ecxarpa
Karo b6 H3ae3H€na orb
rao, cptulHa npH 6ptronert grnna t_{uu.
-ort na (rox"u n**p,i*J) *o"u
aHrnaficxaecxa,qpa 3 6afinn*o*"ruL w_n ynuu.4oN<n.
MHpaHa 6t nona'aurnnficxa Oop.
;a;;c#'";;iz aral,i'uiJJii"
.r.,
cnelrHaJlHa 3aEaqa Ea .qoroHH H yHHr4oH{H
gexeuepnri r* cnonyunxa ga repMaHcKara. Ha B
n lasHe*agarb oxo.,ro eanxnaug-
cxurt ocrpoBH. Bt :aetpsaJlu.e-ce
olnecrolleHa MopcRH 6oit,
repMaHcKHrt nejrs egnHnrln ,p't6"aure
prs6trHarr nbrHoro ga ce np.bcHar"b, Ba ga
ch yHHurolfreH,e oTb rro-cHJlHHfi
AHr.nn,lannrt npecnegeaxa eHeprr4qno npo*,Br{aH.b.
r,t Maxapb l4a irperbpnqxa
cePHo3HIlsarv6u" cncJlyrrnxa
""i
,Ea noronslh_qerepr4
(nroB"n'o-up;;;*-'*niy-'ilu[*"$.r*, orb nafi.qo.
fl??HrfffcrocBaq14
He nognpeneHH orb cnnHo qgpo
or&tnun napaxo,qn H3b
,qaneqHhrt Mopera geficrayeaxa orJrnr{lio H
TPHH{HHa CbrJlauleFrHeTo,HO _npwtn*Hxa rontmn
.qo K p a e H a 1 9 1 4 r o g n n a 6 t x a o O .
rpaEeHH H Hsqe3Haxa.
Br 1915.oo"T1.::lmaHqnrt
,qpa,Horro HanDaBH
eoplrnpaxaegHa rexa ecna_
Htxonso onr,rrd Aa ,,anague
6ptroee. Ha 24 nayapmftraBH .._"oil" aHr"naficxHr*
ce HarbKFraHa 3aca,4a
orb no-caJrnaas.r,,aficxa
enora,-il""l BH,qbqr4cjrenHoro
'iafi npe"
Bb3xo/qcrBoHa npor'BHr4Ka,rep*aiqnrt
ce no**"r"u ora_
npe,gb Ea orcrrrnstr*.-_H? xaro nngtxa, qe
rt ce npnt<pr4xa roBa e Hen:bsMo)trHc
ci ncnycreeHb nyrreKb , oo"!*l^u"',no,iirrru.
Hero Ha cnonrt no.qBogHnrrH, creAr Koero npr""i"?o"i'iu*rt
cpal!(aBaqg ce $noru npertpntxa roJrEMt{
qnrt nsry6nxa v eEHH.b'6pduerroc",1" noBpe.qr4,
a repmar-r.
-Jninr"u,r,
lnoronun= c.b apr!{re"
pnficxraorruu). Cnegr .rosi 6of,
npr{nacBaxano6egara, Ho Mo}Re " ce r H rep*a'r-trHcH
,t1a cec'',plrra
e'be,qHaKBo
nour" pesynrar,, ,u o""ffii;J-"r:"'o
flpesr ra3a roAHHaHaKToen4txue
[o_paHo, anrlnqasurt
H3ts.bprxHxa cbBceMb Mopcta bnepaqr.rsrnporru"
9:t:y::n""ara
lapganennrt, r<osro^<n_r-?T, *ara.rpoq.n"o, Haro noqrn qt-
rara $nora, HosrroBse ylracrne sr iraKara
yH,r,-rol*eHaor b aDr'iJrepvtitcr<un+' Ha rtcuuunr*
-'n"nulg"a.
6t
orbHb, rqw*rb,
qnrt na rypqart.'
flo.nocne axrno.Spen_4art npegnpaexa
rJ'sr Ha l-annnoncxne ronyocrpo"r. K"uirro .qecaHrHaraonepa"
- exgtxrue
'o4ns'!'l-rL H
' raSH
rcri4 ori€-
|
paL\mn 4snhse.c.bBceMb HecnoJryrrxr{Ba,
t2

CrrnanrescxHrt nor,so/lHuuHB'b roBa BpeMecnonyqnxaga


ntnas'
'u *op", tlo 6esl Aa HaHecart.
npoo"-nluto-ui Mp*"p"b no'
3 anrnr'rficxunogBoIlHHIll46txa
Ba Bpega nu ,yputr{,
-JoneHr4 Bb TOSa MoPe"
't
1il. IloneogHara BofiHa.
qe aofiHara qe
I-epuaH4r'rrt nocreneHHoce y6exgaeaxa'
MHoro r'l qe c'brJlauleHneTo e v(tsonno MeToAt 3a
npoE"bn}ltpl
Konro 6aoxagara Hrpae egda orb Hafi'saxHhr&
BoloBaHenPH
yAaPtr"b B'bp'
pon" ,u no6.gatu. 3aroea tt perunxa cxu{o tra
Ha CeOHrt BPafOBe' 3a ga CnpaT'b gBH)*(eHHe'
xv c.oO6UreHHqTa
ropa6ra' Fepvlaural HMarue Bb Haqa'
il' tru rtxr+nrt rbProBcKH
rnptrna cBotra
Jroro Ha sofiHara ManKonognoflnn4n. Ho rs
ga goBege noEBoEHaTa
MoutHaMoPCKanitryc'r?fiq'H cnonyqh
sofrHa go 3acrpauhreJli'tnPaSMtspH'
Ha 2 oxrorqupufi 1914 rog' -6-L-noiolleHb n'bPBHerbProB'
eofiHa
.n" nuou*og". B"'"iuaJloro *a tgtl roAHHanogBoAHara Ha
r"p*uttrart o6geHxa repr4ropherlHnrt nogn
il't;;;;;;;.
;;;;;";xrart gtpxaBn 3a ,,sanpeteta 3oHa"' Bctxu BoeHeHb
Hfll'l Hey'
HnH T'I'PfoBcxn r<opa6'r-nPHHaAneH{alq'bHa BOlOBagla
rDanHa ;lbplgaBa ufe 6xhe noronsBaHb 6esr" npegynPelrgeHl4e'
itrnu-""u*rt nr"x"l' o6nauxa, qe cqi4Talb 3a BoeHHa KoHTPa'
xull l-ep'
6ang,a ilci,tqt{.o,u.troce Bo3Ll orl2 HeyrPanHHrt crpahra
nofisa 3anoqHa ga craBa o]RecroqeHa H BI'{'
*u"ii". lloAso,quara
u rtailr
trI-tMoce ,u.*nuuui", $eapyaprail' Maprb' anpnn'b qerepn
"puit a nPe3b crle'4Ba*'w'1rt ue-
A;;; ;;t;;enn 133 napaxosa,'noroneH'b
.-,{" * ljg" Ha 7 ,raii 6{ napaxo'a ,,Ily3HtaHHe"
gytuH He
nnanaul'b nogt utupr*ut.*, Qnarl el Hociurr' 1500
T2sn cny'lafi l43non'
sofiHplqn, noBeqero orb KoI4To ce "HS,qaBI4xa'
u $panay:nlb, sa ga nls6ygarl o6u{ecrse'
syBaxa u*.n*"utrrt
;;;;;;-;e m A'ep"'<a npotnar repuanqurt'
8b eoponefi'
kI mofi,, sl, rto.M.eHmtl' ft'a Hawefl'o rl'&'ll4tbcsave-
,*u*i- rifr'ro upiiiii*i,i Bb xodr noc'aeduan
o**' nyernil&'\tt'
cu ofiepnb -' nodeodauLttil'rntu. Aa ftflnpesfr'ttnbMo-
Tto-'ttt'eum'aexa
napaxo)a' yo-^y t^'
36 c6?r'att't'eHc,ulntu
wi;;;-;tnpoiiau*o u cpeocmaxna
';;'
Luotrro da ce cr'aapuleHcrnsysarnb
soeJvleSa,notdtdax&'
pu6ap'
Lro'h ManKH
ii i ii tiir,4u* * (ne*n'ecKa'p'n
;r;i;';i
naPaxoAt4; xl'tAPonJIaHH
cxm n'opa5n ; E'bopxx{aBnne rbproecxktrt
Ha nperPax{,qaHe
nOgBOF,l"ii4l-qa;
c.uo6rrlasatllr,'rpr6nr*aBaF{ero
BOAHH6orur6nrl 'np'i'
ttcnprrrnarg c" *p"**;

Ha Ec!4qK14- Sponrore Bb
)K" O6ur"t' nperneFb
MoMerira ${a FaIIIero HaMbCBaHe"
qeHrparlHprrt gbp'
V taia K"bM'Irecenbra Ha 19i5. rognHa
xann Stxa nPHFIY,u,eHH ga Ce OTHax{aT'bOTb llbpBOHaqAnHHt
11s
76

nJIaHb Ha BofiHara: Fepnauua na 3ana[Has


$poHru npeMHHa
xlma or6paHa. 3a Aa Hacoqn peurnreneHr yAapb sa ynNqoxe-
HHe Ha Pycnn H t{3Ba}RrqaHeroia orb crpoe ! Aecrpr,rr ce orxasa
orr csonrt ,,HaKa3areJIHHexcnegH4vlt4u-a.b errp6lu, xonro,nd.
rbnHaxa qtan gne apMHH r,r rpt6naure ga nacovH ecr4qxHrt cn
ycHItHs.sa or6pana. n-a co6creenHara cn repnuip Hfl or.b pycKo
HaxnyBaHe: ancrpnficxaTa apMHr ce oKa3a HeroAHa 3a ruHpoKl,r
H€ICTX,TI?T€NHHONEPAI{HHH EA}KC Ar, OT6PANATAH MAJIKHTT.XOU.
Q rlq"s,n;:

J*_ ..,_._.-.,, __,*


o ,!r " Oea

C:fut

CxeMa Ne 20
. 06u4oro noJroxleHne
npegHHauara nautca.

r1,p'b-araKH..rpt6eaure Ea 6xge floAKpensHa HenocpeAcrBenHo


oT'b no-CTofinn repuaHcKa qacrH; B.b norsa Ha UeHrpaflunr* gtp"
x<aBr{ce HaMtcra n Typqun, Kosro He pa3nonaraue cb AocTa-
r-brrHo BoeHHr,rMaTepnann 3a BoAeHe MogepHara BofiHa, a 6ture
orRXcHaTa ort csoHrB cansnurln, Ta HeMoH{er.ile tra noJlvrtlr
rtxnara noflp'b]fiHa.
Crrlau:ensero nocrorHHo saRpenBaue epasxnr& Mex{gy
Er'pxaeurt, KoHTOrO C"bCTaBJrgBaXa 14 Ce MxqellIe ga npr,rBnece
!f FroBH.To cra6unu3npa cBos Qponra H cJreqb Karo ocyerpt
repMaHCKHrnJraH'b, 3anoqHa ga ce roTBH 3a B3eMaHe UHVI:|:V1aTU-
Bara.Bb cnonrt pxqe.
[enrpalHnt* grpxaan cnoflyqnxa Ea u3Hecarb sofiHara
Ha LryrKAarepr,rTopHr, HO npHnhqaxa Ha egHa o6urnprra xpe-
nocrb, o6xpxxena or.b BcHrrKHcrpann, Korro rpt6ndure Hbfi.
nocne ga RanfiTyJrnpa,KaKro BcHr{KHo6cax[ann xpenocru. 3a.
naflHns, gpoHTb 3anoqBarueorr' Mopetral 6ptr:, e"a 6enrua, ntp-
77

;lrT ;5'ff :?fT:1::--Ha sparuqua,so


Luaenqapc*ara
rpa.
Y::::"i:-:?i'#;yi.".il""RX|;X#,XX1tr"tr;
paH'borb cbrra[reHcxarl ::tH#"-#XI
cfnorn.
.eponra
-''
I-lo,Hararrxb:. Ha iofb
tz capdcxara rpaHHqHoo pyr"".*url orr{Ba[re no qepHoropc!(aTa
yyvr-hHnew Eznrapnz rpaHHrla. Heyrpannrzrt
s_arp-alxgaxa
lorb H npeqexa ua crc6urenroou-"Jiqeurpanunrt n"px.au" or"
noJryocTpoBbc'burarrreHHero,q.I]pxrerue yprJnfr.Ha l_anprnoncxr,rs
n ce crptueure !a,!H npoerE-i^rix"rnr eAHo-ManKonapqe seMg
rYpuHIt Abpx<exa
-*u"un". Uapxrpa,qr..Ba flsnn
aaxa Cyesxoi" QpoHri Cr"u;.*, 4e noryocrPoB'b
"u H 3ailnatu-
Ha Hsroxt nyclrrt 6txa HsrracxaHH
prsb lTonrua
\nq h $poHra Hr"Tr__ce .ruO"nrrrpul-" u fann-
e*ara ,ur*oy pura n pyM?,H_
rpaHnqa.
3aar.r.o1,6ponr'" nr.1fu-,.r;;;
l"X;rrpu
#:#T:T1#"::'::tJ#" pv'*'u-'"p*'opni'il,iff
uon,
pycxara H aHrnlaficxa
gnorn Unol:llf 6ptroeert
MaHnsHa ceBepbz_cxnn,{eaxa_onoxigara Ha l_ep-
nu qlr.punr;;; !rp_
no'BosHarasofiHa cb o}KecroqeH'eor.b
#Hf"r?#If*H "oiu"u
[1pu rona o6nlo nolro]i{eHae
eceHbra na pa_sHzrtSponroeeflpesb
na 1915. ro.qaHa,,tn"*uu'-"I"o
Ha HeaHral{upaHurt er 6op6ari- rpaMagHoro3HaqeHHe
Ou"*u"-.*,
"J"Jiurru grpxaanqn (l_rp.
4na,PymrHniu Etnr^,i?:"i i;;,
roltrto, axo rt tsnt:aru
craBarue
oureno-
orr cBojr HeyrpanaTerb
6op6araHa crPaHar.ru us"u H ce Ha-
ffoT;lr:" orb BoroBaol"rd-rpy-
Cb[bP}KftHHE
* flpegNcropnrr
Br,eegeune. Ha o6uqeeeponeficsara
eofiHa.

fl. ffio-xXnmra
Hffi Bana.Ettltfi $pomrr.
jr
l. Boenmara Molu,b na ,u,nerrsBoFosauJ,{{erpaF{H 5
I
II. llnar*r" sa po$ina.ra n cacpB.qoroqeuue 6
!l!. lllpnnnb 6oee* $a rpalixr4ara 7?
1. flraxara Ha i'laexa. - 2. 3aerrraueroHa Jlrcxceli.
-'- 3. HaxnyeaHeroeb Eei.rrHa.-
?ypt*. 4. Hecr.mnJreHi,,ero
Ha
$paxuysr.tr"b:Eoener* e-b Ergacl N Iorapnnrvtt;F,ax a.aApAe_
Hrart;- Cpaxeunero flpr{ l_Llapnepya;Bbs Ha anrrnqannrt
npn Maacr.
Vl. ercrx,nJteFii4ero na aerno.$peurlur& 19
1. OpraursaqHgHa orcrxnJleHuero. * 2. Orcrxnnenne,
ro Ha :iteoro KpHno;60n npn I-rsr," **- 3, Orcrxft"ner-rHero
Ha
qeHrEpa.-- 4. Orcr/xnJteHHero Ha gtcHoro r<pano,-
V. PeurnreJtr{oro cpa}ReHue Ha p. Mapna Zg
1, ilnaHr Ha cpalxeHflero.* 2. Xoga Ha cpax{eHr4ero
* 3" I-epruaHcKoro o6rqo orcrxnJreriae.
VI.
"U,eficru4qra Me${E}r KoMnnelra
fipe3b eceHbTa.
r.r Mo;lexlls 6ptna
; .33
- ^ _ 1. .[sert &pu*" ce crpturrr xtmr, o6xOgt ua dlasra"
2. Fepvrauuar& ce crptiuxrb KRM.bKane.
Vll. Onepa4uur6 npesb tr915.ro,u,. 37
1. leficrnnflra npes'bsnmara.- Z. flefictenma npe3b
npoltrura. *- 3, .[eficrBt4zranpes.beceHbra.

6. Bofinara Ha HsroqHnfl $poHTb"


I. Boessurt ennx Ha Ed3ToqHas epoHra , 47
IL Flnanr na eofiHara u cr,cpbnoio.{eHr,re . e 42
lll. Onepa4unrb nr tr!gro.{Haflpvcss
- 44
lV. Onepas,r.lar* na fa.h*q*o * Flonrua [rpe3"b
t$14 ro.q. 46
80

V. Onepaqunrt nr hsro,{Ha Flpyc*ln


npesb snuara 1915rog. H l"lonura
51
Vl. Onepar4plarb su flonrua npesr) RBrsro
tr915ron. 53
Vll. fi,eficrBlrera Ha aeerpnrtr4nrt nporuBb
Crpdan. 57
B. Boffnara Ha Typcnua Sponrs.
L Hamtceanero Ha Typqas
II. Aapnanencxara egcneAHuurr
50
60
I'. Bofinara Ha HranaancKns
$ponrr.
I; Ham*ceaHero sa k'lranun
ll, fi'lapaurt geficrnna nr TpenrnHo
62
r.{ Ha HsoHrlo 63
.{,. Bofiruara Bb KoJroHr{r4Tg.
l. O6rrtoro nonox(egtae .
II. HsrydeaHero Ha Konexasra Toro
66
Ill. 3aenan*easero ua Kauepyftb . 66
" 67
IV. 3an.nagtBaHero na fepruincea
Banagn" nepr*, 68
V. *{eficrrraqra Br, fepruancna Hsroqna
Vl. Hnorrqurb sannag*,"*ri' r<"ool{uv fl$pnna 68
Vil. Or<ynarIHFTaHa repuaHcxprrt 59
ocrpoB*l 7A
E. Bor?na?a no Mope.
I. O6u.1oro noJrorxenr,Ie Bt, Haqanoro
t*a nofrnara . T1
II, .{eficrerdgra F a FraEBog,HHtb
$nor*l 72
Iil. flo,qBo.qnaranofrna
75
)K. O6urb rlperJre4b no u.nr"**
$ponrone Zs

fleqarna rpenrxa
Ha crpaunua 44 peau 14 on aoly Ha roPc.HaReqaTaHOrO
ra ce ,fere HeaaHc#arna.
,rHeMcRaTa"