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‫ﻋـﺎﺷـﻮﺭﺍء‬

K`u;uk; khjk; gj;jhk; ehs;


(M\_uh) midj;ijAk; gilj;Jg;
gupghypf;Fk; my;yh`{j;jMyh jdJ
Qhdj;jhYk; mwpthYk; rpyij
rpytw;iwtpl Nkk;gLj;jpAs;shd;. me;j
mbg;gilapy;> egpkhu;fis kdpju;fSs;
Nkyhdtu;fshf Mf;fpapUf;fpd;whd;.
ukohd;> /Jy;`[;> K`u;uk; . . Nghd;w
khjq;fis khjq;fSs;
NkyhditfshfTk;> nts;spf;fpoikia
ehl;fSs; rpwe;j ehshfTk;
Mf;fpapUf;fpd;whd;. vdNt K`u;uk;
khjk; my;yh`{j;jMyhthy;
Nkk;gLj;jg;gl;l> rpwg;ghd khjq;fSs;
xd;whf ,Uf;fpd;wJ.
My;yh`{j;jMyh Gdpj my;-Fu;Mdpy;
Fwpg;gpLfpd;whd;.
ٌ ُ ُ ٌَ َْ َ َ ْ َ ْ َ َ َ َ ‫ﱠ‬ َ ََ َ ْ َ ‫ﱠ‬ َ ً ْ َ َ َ َ َ ْ ‫َ ﱠ‬ ُ ‫ﱡ‬ َ ‫ﱠ ﱠ‬
36 ‫ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﺣﺮﻡ( ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ‬ ِ ‫ﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻠ ِﻪ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬
ِ ‫ﻮﺭ ِﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻠ ِﻪ ﺍﺛﻨﺎ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺷﻬﺮﺍ ِﻓﻲ ِﻛﺘ‬
ِ ‫) ِﺇﻥ ِﻋﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺸﻬ‬

“epr;rakhf my;yh`;tplj;jpy; my;yh`;Tila (gjpTg;) Gj;jfj;jpy; thdq;fisAk; G+kpiaAk; gilj;j


ehspypUe;Nj khjq;fspd; vz;zpf;if gd;dpuz;L MFk; - mtw;wpy; ehd;F (khjq;fs;) Gdpjkhdit”
(#uJj; jt;gh 36)
NkYk; ,iwj;J}ju;(]y;) mtu;fs; gpd;tUkhW Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shu;fs;.
ً
،‫ ﻭﺍﶈﺮﻡ‬،‫ ﻭﺫﻭ ﺍﳊﺠﺔ‬،‫ ﺫﻭ ﺍﻟﻘﻌﺪﺓ‬:‫ ﺛﻼﺙ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬،‫ )ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺍﺛﻨﺎ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺷﻬﺮﺍ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﺣﺮﻡ‬: ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬

‫ﻭﺭﺟﺐ ﻣﻀﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺑﲔ ﲨﺎﺩﻯ ﻭﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ( ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬

“xU tUlj;jpy; 12 khjq;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. mtw;wpy; 4 khjq;fs; Gdpjkhdit.


mit njhluhf ,Uf;fpd;w> /Jy;f/jh> /Jy;`[;> K`u;uk; Mfpa khjq;fSk;> [khJy;
Mfpu;> \/ghd; Mfpa ,uz;Lf;Fk; kj;jpapy; tUfpd;w u[g; khjKkhFk;.” G`hup

,k;khjq;fisg;gw;wpf; $Wfpd;w my;yh`{j;jMyh njhlu;e;Jk;> “MfNt mk;khjq;fspy;


(NghH nra;J) cq;fSf;F ePq;fNs jPq;fpioj;Jf; nfhs;shjPHfs;” vd;W $Wfpd;whd;.
,t;trdj;Jf;F tpsf;fkspf;Fk; j/g]Pu; Mrpupau;fs;> ,k;khjq;fspy; Nghu;GuptJ


j
jilnra; a gl;Ls;sJ vd;Wk;> jPikfs
ag; spYk; ghtq
q;fspYk; ,Ue;
, J J}ukhfp
J ed
d;ikfs;
ghy; neU
Uq;f Ntz
z;Lk; vd;Wk;
W $Wfpd; dwdu;.
,iwj;J}j ju;(]y;) mtu;
m fs;> kjPdh ef fUf;F te;ejgpd;du; mq;
m Fs;s a+ju;fs; K`u;K uk;
khhjk; gj;jhk;
h ehs; Nehd;
N G Nehw;gijg; ghu;
g j;jhu;fs;. mJgw;w;wp mtu;fsp
s lk; tpdtp
t aNghJ>
“,e;j ehspy;jhd; my;m yh`{j;jMyh> %]h(mi iy) mtu;fisAk;
f
gD
D},];uNt tyu;fisA Ak; mtu;fsJs vjpupapaplkpUe;J ghJfhj;jhd;
j . mjw; wfhf> me;j ehspy;
%]h(mi iy) Nehd d;G Nehw;whu;
w fs;. vd dNt mji id epidTd $u;e;J my;yh`; `;Tf;F
ed;wpAs;stu;
s fshf ,Ug;gjw; wfhf ehKKk; ,e;j ehsp
e y; Nehhd;G Nehw; wfpd;Nwhk;” vd;W
g yspj;jhu;fs;. mi
gjp ijf;Nfl;l ,iwj;J}ju; } (]y;) mtu;fs;> “cq;fis stpl %]h(miy)
mtu;fSf f;F ehd; kpfTk; ne eUf;fkhddtd;” vd;W nrhd;dJld;
d me e;ehspy; mtu;
m fs;
Neehd;G Nehww;whu;fs;. K];ypk;fisAk;
i Nehhd;G Nehw;
wFkhW Vt tpdhu;fs;.
‫َ ُ َ َ ُ َ ﱠ‬ َ َ َ ََ َ َ ُ َ َ ْ َ ‫َ َ َ َ ُ ُ ﱠ‬ ُ َُ َ ُ ْ َ ُ‫َ ﱠ‬ َ ‫َ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻟﻠ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ِﻪ ﻗ ﻟ‬
ِ ‫ﺼﻴ‬ِ ‫ﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠ ِﻪ ﻳﻮﻡ ﻋﺎﺷﻮﺭﺍء ﻭﺃﻣﺮ ِﺑ‬ ‫ﺣﲔ ﺻﺎﻡ ﺭﺳﻮ‬ ِ : ‫ﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‬ ِ ‫ﺎﺱ ﺭ‬
‫ﺱ‬
ٍ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﲔ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺒ‬
‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬
ْ ََ َ َ َ ‫َ َ َ َ ْ َ ُ ْ ُْ ُ ْ َ َ ﱠ ُ ُ ْ َ ْ َ ْ َ ﱠ‬ ‫ﱠُ َ ْ ٌ ُ َ ﱢ ُُ ْ َ ُ ُ َ ﱠ َ َ ََ َ َ ُ ُ ﱠ‬
ِ ‫ِﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺒِﻞ ِﺇﻥ ﺷﺎء ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺻﻤﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺘ‬
‫ ﻓﻠﻢ‬: ‫ ﻗﺎﻝ‬، ‫ﺎﺳﻊ‬
‫ﺳ‬ ِ‫ﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ‬
‫ِﺇﻧﻪ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺗﻌﻈﻤﻪ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﻓﻘ ﻝ‬
‫ْ َ ُ ْ ُْ ُ َ ﱠ ُ ُﱢ َ َ ُ ُ ﱠ‬ َْ
. ‫ﺄﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻘ ِﺒﻞ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺗﻮﻓﻲ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠ ِﻪ‬ ِ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺄ‬

“M\_uhh ehspy; egpe (]y;) mtu;


m fs; Ne ehd;G Nehhw;W K];yp
y k;fis me; m ehspy; Nehd;
N G
Ne
ehw;FkhW VtpaNghJ J> “my;yh`;h tpd; J}jNu!
J} A+juu;fSk; fpupup];jtu;fSk;
S rq;ifg;
f gLj;Jk;
xU jpdky y;yth ,J J” vd;W ]`hghf;fs; $wpdhu; d fs;. mjw;
m F ,iw iwj;J}jut
tu;fs; “
vjpu; tUk; tUlj;jpj y; -my;yh`; ehbddhy;- (gj;jhk;
j ehSld;) xd;gjhtJ g e Yk;
ehsp
d;G Nehw;Nghk;
Nehd; g ” vd;W $wpdhu;fs;f .” vd;dW ,g;D mg;gh]; (uuop) mtu;fs; f
mwptpf;fpd;
dwhu;fs;. mtu;fNs NkYk; $wp$ As;shu;fs;
f > “Md dhy;> mjw;F mLj;j tUlk;
,i iwj;J}ju;u (]y;) mtu;
m fs; kuuzpj;Jtpllhu;
l; fs;.”
M\
\_uh ehs
s; Nehd;G gpbg;gjhy;
y; epiwe;j ed;ikfSk; fpilf;
l fpd;wd.

((‫ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻳﻀﺔ ﺻﻼﺓ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ‬


‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻼﺓ ﺑﻌﺪ‬
‫ﻀﺎﻥ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺍﷲ ﺍﶈﺮﺮﻡ ﻭﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﻼ‬
‫ ))ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺭﻣ ﻥ‬: ‫ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬:‫ﻗﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺮﺓ‬
‫ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻦ ﺃﺑﻲ‬

“ukohd;
u khhjj;jpy; Ne
ehd;G Nehhw;gjw;F mLj;
m J kpfTk;
f rpwe;j Nehd;G K`u;uk; khjj;
k jp y;
Nehw;Fk; Nehd;ghF h njhOiffSf;F mLj;J kpfTk; Nk
Fk;. /gu;ohd kyhd njhOif
,uhj;njhOifa
n ahFk;” vdd;W my;yh`;
h tpd; J}ju;
J (]y;) mtu;fs; $wpAs;sjhf j
mg+`{iu
m uuh (uop) mtu;
m fs; mwp
m tpj;Js;shu;
s fs;.