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Leading through team
Mahabharata & management (Ethics and values)

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Suneet seth 3rd semester

Ethics: Simply put, ethics involves learning what is right or wrong, and then doing the right thing -- but "the right thing" is not nearly as straightforward as conveyed in a great deal of business ethics literature. Most ethical dilemmas in the workplace are not simply a matter of "Should Bob steal from Jack?" or "Should Jack lie to his boss?" Many ethicists consider emerging ethical beliefs to be "state of the art" legal matters, i.e., what becomes an ethical guideline today is often translated to a law, regulation or rule tomorrow. Values which guide how we ought to behave are considered moral values, e.g., values such as respect, honesty, fairness, responsibility, etc. Statements around how these values are applied are sometimes called moral or ethical principles.

Mahabharata and management (ethics &values)

Lord Krishna said -”Whenever Dharma would be at stake, I would reincarnate to save this Dharti (EARTH)". I want to share something very revolutionary. About "MEANS AND MANAGEMENT “After getting a great assignment like today.The topic is “MAHABHARATA AND MANAGEMENT (ethics & values)". The topic sounds wonderful. Commencing with the most important part of Mahabharata. "PANDAVAS” though they were just five, but still were a perfect example of a team. Team with all qualities. Let me describe them in detail. Going in ascending order of age1. SAHDEVA: Known for his intelligence 2. NAKULA: For his horse riding 3. ARJUNA: Archery 4. BHIMA: Power and strength 5.YUDHISTHIR: Ethics and KRISHNA: An invincible leader

So don't you find a perfect team combo? Intelligence and planning in form of Sahdeva is there, horse riding depicting speed with smoothness is too there. Archery denoting accuracy and dedicated patience is there. Power in form of Bhima also counts itself into the team and above all the most mandatory part of any team. Discipline in form of Yudhishthir is too present. And last but not the least the most important part of the team, the base, the foundation of team, An invincible and a wise leader-LORD KRISHNA. Is anything missing? No? Yes? Its DRAUPADI! So what do you think this part of team is for? A force or something? Or an entertainment factor? It’s for none of these.It’s for Glamour! And hence a perfect team is complete. Come to the Mahabharata war. How it all started?But let me explain a small incident that took place before it. Once DURYODHANA and ARJUNA went to Krishna. Both of them asked for his help at the same time. What could he have done? He gave them an option one of the either " Either me or my arm." And guess what? Arjuna opted for Krishna and Duryodhana for his arm and hence it all started. The main conditions were given that Krishna was not supposed to use his super human powers. Krishna always said. "Dharma is the end what you achieve. Means don't count into Dharma." Let's infer something from this and apply it in the management arena. So what can we infer? Management is something which does require some ethics. But friends it’s not a place where you show your commitment to truth. It’s a place where you got to show your commitment to skills and plan to achieve the end. The path you achieve it is not important. I don't say u can do anything and everything. You have to maintain minimum possible ethics to govern you, apart from that it’s you, your team and your leader whose wiseness is going to be counted. Good managers are not those who stand on their principles even if they come on a position to be thrown out of the company. They may be a good person but mind you, they would be failures when it comes to management. A good manager would be the one who would act wise and save his job. “SO AS I THINK! A GOOD MANAGER CAN BE A GOOD PERSON BUT A GOOD PERSON CAN'T BE A GREAT MANAGER. HE HAS TO PLAY SOMETIME OR THE OTHER!" All these discussions were mainly to highlight the fact that “DHARMA IS THE DESTINATION AND NOT THE PATH WHICH IS TAKEN TO REACH IT!”

Now I will justify all this by giving some examples-

Starting from very beginning- Arjuna, the main hero, was a man who was determined not to fight against his own brother's Kauravas. Everyone including Krishna knew this that he was the backbone of the Pandavas. Now it all came to Krishna. How he is going to take Arjuna all into it? And he being a wise leader thought of a plan. PLAN SAYS THAT-“During Kurukshetra Krishna sent Abhimanyu (son of Arjun who heard how everything about how to get into a Chakrvyuh when he was in his mom's womb) in the war to handle the chakrvyuh. He knew that Abhimanyu doesn't know how to come out of the chakrvyuh. He knew that Abhimnyu will die. But he had to do that because probably this was the best plan which can convince Arjuna to go for a war against his brothers”. His son's death made him outrageous. As said this was not bad of Krishna. It was all a smart decision which proves that he was a good leader. Come to the main scene of the war-The other side of the war were Kauravas out of which four were the main heroes. 1. BHISHMA 2. DHRONACHARYA 3. KARNA 4. DURYODHANA And one thing I want to mention before anything is Duryodhana was a great leader too. A leader who despite of seeing defeat all around, he was someone who despite of so many negatives happening around still continued to remain on the same stand that he was going to win. A leader should be like him who pumps his army, his team, and above all keeps himself going in high spirits every time. And now let me tell you Duryodhana was defeated in wrong terms. Otherwise even he was invincible. AND now MAHABHARATA WAR- before all wars there takes place a negotiation. This case was no different. Krishna- the leader went to Duryodhana to solve everything. He asked for five states. Duryodhan said no! He asked for five cities. Duryodhana again said no! Krishna asked for five houses at least and again Duryodhana said no! And that's all it was all done. Krishna came back and announced a war against Kauravas. And this was the second evidence that proved that he was an excellent leader. And the greatest war of mankind was declared. Every step took by Krishna were wrong in some or the other way when it came to ethics but then it was already said the means are never important. Coming to the first strength of Kauravas. BHISMA (who was blessed that he can decide his own death) so such a person being in the

war, it was impossible to win. And being the most cunning of all, Krishna came up with a plan. Once Bhishma was on array of arrows with his head facing the ground. He asked for water and no one could give him because it was impossible to feed him with his head bend down. Krishna called Arjuna in the scene, asked him to shoot an arrow just below Bhishma's head and Ganga's water came out as fountain. Everyone was surprised to see hi power and they gave up almost. Bhishma said-he won't fight against this invincible men who can make Ganga come out of land. He even asked Duryodhana to forget about the war. But Duryodhana was another good leader who carried his spirits despite of so many negatives around. So a grand powerful Bhisma was out. Now came the chapter of Guru Dhronacharya (Guru of everyone). It's quite obvious, defeating a Guru is not a small deal. He had one rule for himself that he would never fight a war without his son Ashwathama. So what do you think Krishna would have done now? Again a wise decision and that was- Krishna asked Yudhishthir to say in public that Aswathama is dead, because everyone would believe his words, he being a man full with ethical rules. But it was all against Yudhishthir's principle "telling a lie". So what would Krishna have done? He made Yudhishthir to speak this (dark lettered words were asked to be said loudly and rest very soft so that they were not heard) "Ashwathama's elephant (which actually was dead) has died!" Dhronacharya believed this and committed suicide. Second chapter was too over. You can see that the means used were definitely a cheating. But everything is fair to achieve Dharma. Coming to third sub part- actually then only two people had the power to shoot Bramhastra. "Karna and Arjun". Krishna made them both fight, Karna was killed, actually because he was cheated by Arjuna who shooted an arrow (Bramhastra: the deadliest weapon then) on Karna when he was just preparing for a planned fight. This all being directed by Mr Krishna. Last chapter- after whom Kauravas were all defeated. Duryodhana had a power that he can't die by any other thing hitting on any other part of his body except his below abdomen flex. Lord Krishna knew that, he asked Bhima to hit Duryodhana at that part even though this was against the rule of the fight between the two. Duryodhana died and victory was of Pandavas. They achieved "Dharma-the final destiny". So this is same a management area requires - skill, accuracy, basic ethics, speed and above all a strong willpower and last but not least a good, wise and a cunning leader with full knowledge of strength and weakness of his area, a full mind made plan of how to tackle the people. The plan should definitely counter the main problem. Strategies are definitely the most important things too be taken in account. You can see the strategies used by Pandavas were against all ethics, even then they achieved Dharma and on the other side Kauravas

though used the right means but they were the looser. So it’s not emotions and vitues like truth need, all the time in this field. A perfect teamwork and stronger willpower despite of all negatives happening around. That's how the main layout of everything about management is.

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