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Study of Air Intake in aircraft report

Study of Air Intake in aircraft report

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Published by chanrixsoni
In any application subsonic transport or supersonic fighter the air intake is essentially a fluid flow duct whose task is to process the airflow in a way that ensures the engines functions properly to generate thrust
In any application subsonic transport or supersonic fighter the air intake is essentially a fluid flow duct whose task is to process the airflow in a way that ensures the engines functions properly to generate thrust

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Published by: chanrixsoni on Dec 22, 2009
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09/26/2014

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[Study of air intake in aircrafts] [2009]

[MVJCE, Department of aero]

Page 1

A TECHNICAL SEMINAR REPORT ON
Study of air intake configuration in aircraft

Submitted in partial fulfillment of requirements for the 1st
semester
MASTER OF TECHNOLOGY
IN

AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

Submitted by

CHIRAG.D.SONI
M.Tech, 1st

Semester
Dept of Aeronautical Engineering
MVJ College of Engineering
Bangalore-560067

[Study of air intake in aircrafts] [2009]

[MVJCE, Department of aero]

Page 2

DEPARTMENT OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

This is to certify that MR. CHIRAG.D.SONI has satisfactorily
completed the seminar of 1st semester Master of technology in
aeronautical engineering prescribed by VTU, Belgaum during the
academic year 2009-2010. The seminar has been approved and
satisfies the academic requirements in respect to the work
prescribed for 1st semester Master of technology.

Name of examiners

Signature of HOD

1. ……………………….

………………………..

2. ……………………….

[Study of air intake in aircrafts] [2009]

[MVJCE, Department of aero]

Page 3

Abstract

Topic: Study of air intake configurations in aircraft.

The air intake is that part of an aircraft structure by means of

which the aircraft engine is supplied with air taken from the

outside atmosphere. The air flow enters the intake and is

required to reach the engine face with optimum levels of total

pressure and flow uniformity. These properties are vital to the

performance and stability of engine operation. Depending on the

type of installation, this stream of air may pass over the aircraft

body before entering the intake properly.

Selection of the correct type of intake and the associated

inlet geometry has important consequences to any airplane

design. For that reason, intake design receives considerable

attention in the design phase of an airplane.

[Study of air intake in aircrafts] [2009]

[MVJCE, Department of aero]

Page 4

Contents

Chapter1 Page no:

1.1 Introduction to air intake

1

1.2 Need of air intake system

2

1.3 Air intake Design requirements 3

1.4 Intake configurations 4

Chapter 2

2.1 Jet engine intake (subsonic) 11

2.2 Determination of size of the stream tube 15

2.3 Deceleration of airflow 16

2.4 Air intake characteristics of Lockheed C-141 19

Chapter 3

3.1 Jet Engine Intakes: Supersonic 22

3.2 Flow conditions over wedge and cone 26

3.3 Intake configuration and operation 30

3.4 Examples of oblique shock diffusers 34

3.5 Supersonic air intake case studies 36

References 41

[Study of air intake in aircrafts] [2009]

[MVJCE, Department of aero]

Page 5

List of figures

Chapter 1 page no:

1.1 Air intake in aircraft 2

1.2 Turboprop engine air intake 4

1.3 Plenum Inlet 5

1.4 Subsonic Bifurcated Inlet 6

1.5 Subsonic Podded Nacelle Inlet 7

1.6 Pitot type intake 8

1.7NACA Submerged Inlet in a Euro Fighter 9

Chapter 2

3.1 Intake flow field 12

3.2 Intake flow field at high speed 17

3.3 Air intake in Lockheed C-141 19

Chapter 3

3.10 Supersonic flow over wedge and cone 26

3.12 Comparison of supersonic flow 28

Over wedge and cone

[Study of air intake in aircrafts] [2009]

[MVJCE, Department of aero]

Page 6

3.11Total pressure loss and static pressure 29

Increase due to shockwave.

3.13 Operation of normal shock diffuser 31

3.15 Characteristics of oblique shock diffuser 33

3.16 Examples of oblique shock diffusers 34

3.17 F-16 intake characteristics 38

3.25 F-14 intake characteristics 41

[Study of air intake in aircrafts] [2009]

[MVJCE, Department of aero]

Page 7

Introduction

[Study of air intake in aircrafts] [2009]

[MVJCE, Department of aero]

Page 8

Chapter 1

INTRODUCTION

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