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CARBONATE AND BICARBONATE

Method - Titration

Principle

The sample is titrated with standard acid, using first phenolphthalein indicator and then
methyl orange indicator.

Reagents

(1) Phenolphthalein indicator solution
(2) Standard sulfuric acid: - 0.05 N.
(3) Methyl orange indicator solution

Procedure

(1) Take 100 ml. sample
(2) Add a few drops of phenolphthalein indicator
(3) If pink colour is produced with phenolphthalein indicator then
(4) If no pink colour is produced with phenophthalein indicator then
(5) Add 1 to 2 drops of Methyl orange indicator then titrate with standard sulfuric acid
to the end point.

Calculation

(a) Carbonates (asCO3) mg/l = 30 VI
(b) Bicarbonate (asHCO3) mg/l = 30.5 V2 (in absence of carbonates)
(c) Bicarbonate (asHCO3)mg/l (in presence of carbonate) = 30.5 (V2-VI)

V1 = Volume in ml of standard sulfuric acid added in titration with
phenolphthalein indicator and

V2 = Total volume of standard sulphuric acid added in titration with
phenolphthalein and Methyl orange indicator