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"Despite the attempts and the claims that many higher education institutes make in regards to e

learning, a number of barriers retard many faculty members to progress from the state of
appreciating and acknowledging e-learning to the state of actually adopting and implementing it."
(Gamdi, 2014). As well as the benefits, there are many challenges faced whilst attempting to adopt
e-learning in higher education.
A case study was done in one of Saudi's top universities whereby quantitative data was collected
through 214 questionnaires. The findings from the quantitative data analysis showed a number of
obstacles which challenged the effective implementation of e-learning. The authors also concluded
that many of the barriers towards implementation of e-learning were actually gender-related. To
add, many of the barriers were external sources suggesting that the strategic policies needed to be
in place to overcome such resource barriers. (Gamdi, 2014).
"The use of DVD newsletters in prekindergarten programs as a way to create an opportunity to
empower children, strengthen their digital literacy, extend the learning environment, and provide
opportunities for meaningful conversations in the classroom and home." (Walsh, 2014). This was the
findings of a study carried out to explore the experiences of prekindergarten children from a
predominantly Spanish speaking homes with bilingual (English and Spanish) DVD classroom letters.
Each parent reported that their child watched each DVD nearly 3 times. Parent logs, teacher logs,
and interviews with the children themselves captured the children's experiences. These are just
some examples of how the implementation of e-learning can be both beneficial and problematic.
The discipline area that I will be teaching in will be science. Integrating digital technologies into the
teaching and learning of science can help greatly. This includes technologies such as, PDF text books,
E-libraries (including e-journals) and another main technology, animations. PDF text books can be
used as an alternative for the hardcopy text books. As a current science student, I understand that
there are around at least three text books for each area of science. Having all of them in a folder on
your computer/laptop desktop will make life a lot easier. The text book will also be more accessible
at all times as students never leave their technology at home where as text books are seemingly
always forgotten at home when needed for class work. E-libraries give the science students access to
large amounts of resources with the click of a button. Rather than students having to go down to the
local library where they will definitely not find the specific scientific journal they require, they can
access hundreds and thousands of them from the living room couch. This includes e-journals as they
can be very tedious to read. E-journals allow students to search for the information they need rather
than reading through hundreds of pages of complicated scientific jargon. Animations are probably
one of the most important technologies used for science. Many of the scientific processes taught are
complicated to comprehend and the use of animations simplify that process and give the students
some a visual representation of what they are learning.
In conclusion integrating digital technologies into teaching and learning can help greatly. It helps
strengthen digital literacy of students but as shown in various studies there are some external
barriers that challenge the effectiveness of e-learning.

 Gamdi, M. A. A., & Samarji, A. (2014). Perceived barriers towards e-learning by faculty
members at a recently established university in saudi arabia. International Journal of
Information and Education Technology, 6(1), 23-28.
 Walsh, B. A., Cromer, H., & Weigel, D. J. (2014). Classroom-to-home connections: Young
children's experiences with a technology-based parent involvement tool. Early Education
and Development, 25(8), 1142. Retrieved from