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# Low voltage

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IEC voltage range AC DC defining risk
High voltage > 1000 Vrms > 100 V electrical arcing
Low voltage 0!1000 Vrms 1"0!100 V electrical shock
#\$tra%lo& voltage ' 0 Vrms ' 1"0 V lo& risk
Low voltage is an electrical engineering term that (roadly identifies safety considerations of an
electricity supply system (ased on the voltage used) While different definitions e\$ist for the e\$act
voltage range covered (y *lo& voltage*, the most commonly used ones include *mains voltage*)
*+o& voltage* is characterised (y carrying a su(stantial risk of electric shock, (ut only a minor
risk of electric arcs through air) *+o& voltage* is distinguished from:
#\$tra lo& voltage ! &hich carries a much reduced risk of electric shock
High voltage ! &here electrical arcing is a su(stantial additional risk)
,ommonly used definitions include:
-he .nternational #lectrotechnical ,ommission defines low voltage as any voltage in the
range 0!1000 V /, or 1"0!100 V 0,)
-he 1nited 2tates "00 3ational #lectrical ,ode 43#,5 does not specifically define low
voltage) /rticle 670)" only defines *high voltage* as more than 800 volts) 3evertheless
the 3F9/ :7 article 8)6)1)1 defines 9#+V as nominal voltage of ;0 Vrms or 80 Vdc
ripple free for dry locations and 8 Vrms or 1 Vdc in all other cases) 1+ 0</ article
6;)1)" is more stringent and uses those values as ma\$imum the same &ay as 3#, "00<)
=ritish 2tandard =2 :8:1:"00< defines low voltage as
o 0!1000 V /, or 1"0!100 V ripple%free 0, (et&een conductors>
o 0!800 V /, or 1"0!700 V ripple%free 0, (et&een conductors and #arth)