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AMERICAN POWER TIPS THE BALANCE

p. 381-387
Objectives
Describe how the United States mobilized for
war
Summarize U.S. battlefield successes
Identify the new weapons and the medical
problems faced in World War I
Describe U.S. offensives and the end of the
war
AMERICA MOBILIZES
Raising an Army
0
2,000,000
4,000,000
6,000,000
8,000,000
10,000,000
12,000,000
14,000,000
R
u
s
s
i
a
F
r
a
n
c
e
E
n
g
l
a
n
d
U
n
i
t
e
d

S
t
a
t
e
s
G
e
r
m
a
n
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A
u
s
t
r
i
a
-
H
u
n
g
a
r
y
Onset
Total
Only 200,000 men were in
service at the start of the war
Required all men to register
with the government in order
to be randomly selected for
military service
Selective
Service
Act
AMERICA MOBILIZES
Raising an Army (cont.)
24 million register
3 million called up
1,500,000 see combat
400,000 American Americans serve
Most non combat and in segregated
units
369
th
most continuous front line
duty
2 million reach Europe
Women are
not allowed
to enlist
Army
Corps of
Nurses
No rank
No pay or
benefits
~13,000
women
accept
noncombat
positions
Nurses
Secretaries
Telephone operators
AMERICA MOBILIZES
Mass Production
deferred
classification
Shipyard workers
Importance
of shipyards
Service flags
Fabrication
techniques
Built standardized parts
Took over
private and
commercial
ships
Converted them for
transatlantic war use

AMERICA TURNS THE TIDE
Convoy System
Heavy guard of destroyers escort
merchant ships back and forth
U.S. Navy helped lay mines in
the North Sea from Scotland
to Norway
Fighting in Europe
Allies had fought hard and
long for 2 years
American are fresh and
eager
More than men, they bring
enthusiasm
FIGHTING OVER THERE
American
Expeditionary Force
doughboys
General John J.
Blackjack Pershing
New Weapons
Machine Gun
Tank
Caterpillar track
Steal
Airplane
Early scouting
Dog fighting
bombing
Mechanized Warfare
THE WAR INTRODUCES NEW HAZARDS
Filthy
condition
Lice
Rats
Polluted
water
Dysentery
Poison gas
Lack of sleep
shell shock
Trench foot
Toes would turn red or
blue
Numbness
Rot
Amputation
AMERICAN TROOPS GO ON THE OFFENSIVE
American War Hero
Alvin York
Conscientious objector
thou shall not kill
Killed 25
Captured 132
The Collapse of Germany
Nov. 3, 1918 Austria-Hungary
surrenders
Same day there is a mutiny all
through the German navy
Groups of soldiers and workers
organize revolutionary councils
Armistice
AMERICAN TROOPS GO ON THE OFFENSIVE
The Final Toll
To that time,
bloodiest war in
history
22,000,000 dead
of those
civilians
10,000,000
refugees
$338,000,000,000
American losses
48,000
killed
62,000
died of
disease
200,000
wounded
How did the United States raise an army during
World War I?

How did the United States increase ship
production?

What was the significance of the convoy system?

How did the arrival of new American troops affect
the spirit of Allied troops?
Who led the American Troops in Europe?

What new weapons were used during World
War I?

How did medical services respond to the
physical and emotional wounds suffered by the
soldiers?
In what important battles did U.S. troops fight?

What made Alvin York a hero?

What caused the collapse of Germany?

How many people died during World War I?