PENGARUH OBESITAS TERHADAP TEKANAN DARAH DAN KADAR GLUKOSA DARAH PADA LANSIA

OBESITY INFLUENCE TO BLOOD PRESSURE AND BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVEL IN ELDER “An Observational Study in Elder Women Suffering Obesity” Fadli Robby Amsriza1, Ratna Indriawati2 General Practitioner Medical Faculty, Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta

ABSTRACT Aging identical with metabolism changed and many kind of body’s tissues degeneration, so the body becomes more susceptible to many kind of factor which can cause disease. This study formed an observational research which has a purpose to know the influence between obesity and blood pressure and blood glucose content in elder women. This study formed an observational research with a cross sectional research design which has been done in 30 elderly women suffering obesity. From the result of the study got the most of the respondent age 60 years old which are 7 person with 23,3% percentage. IMT the most are 300 kg/m2 and 32,0 kg/m2 each contain 2 person with each percentages 6,7%. From the blood pressure check got 80% respondents suffering hypertension and 20% normal, whereas blood glucose got 57% normal and43% hyperglycemia. From the data that we’ve got, we can conclude that there’s no significant impact statistically between obesity to blood pressure and blood glucose content in elder. It showed in the result of the analysis data regression p>0,05.

Keywords: obesity, blood pressure, blood glucose level, elder

1. Student of Medical Faculty, Muhammadiyah University of yogyakarta 2. Lecture of Medical Faculty, Muhammadiyah University of yogyakarta 1

2

ABSTRAK Penuaan identik dengan perubahan metabolisme dan degenerasi berbagai jaringan tubuh, Sehingga tubuh lebih rentan terhadap berbagai faktor yang dapat menyebabkan penyakit. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh antara obesitas dengan tekanan darah dan kadar glukosa darah pada wanita lanjut usia. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan rancangan penelitian cross sectional yang dilakukan pada 30 orang wanita lanjut usia (60-74 tahun) yang menderita obesitas (IMT >27). Hasil penelitian didapatkan responden paling banyak berumur 60 tahun yaitu sebanyak 7 orang dengan prosentase 23,3%. IMT terbanyak adalah 30,0 kg/m2 dan 32,0 kg/m2 masing – masing berjumlah 2 orang dengan prosentase masing – masing 6,7%. Dari pemeriksaan tekanan darah didapatkan 80% menderita hipertensi dan 20% normal, sedangkan pemeriksaan glukosa darah didapatkan 57% normal dan 43% hiperglikemia. Dari data yang didapat, dapat di ambil kesimpulan tidak ada pengaruh yang bermakna secara statistik antara obesitas terhadap tekanan darah dan kadar glukosa darah pada lansia. Hal ini di tunjukkan dari hasil analisis data regresi p>0.05

Kata kunci: obesitas, tekanan darah, kadar glukosa darah, lansia

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