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Homework #1 Solutiions

Question 1

Three events are shown on the Venn diagram in the following figure:

Produce the figure and shade the region that corresponds to each of the following events.

a) B

b) AB

c) (AB) C

d) (AC)

e) (AB) C

Question 2

Consider the Venn diagram at right with events A B C and ! as shown

a) "ive a set representation of the shaded region.

AC! or AC!B

#ndicate the most appropriate answer for each of the following $uestions (where %&#

means 'need more information().

b) T F NMI (AB)! and (A!)C are mutuall) e*clusive. +

c) T F NMI P(B) , P(!) %&#

-sing the Venn diagrams to verif) the following set theor)

d) (AB) .AB

Question 3

A digital scale is used that provides weights to the nearest gram.

a) /hat is the sample space for this e*periment0

Answer: #ntegers from 1 to infinit) (since no upper weight limit was given for the scale)

2et A denote the event that a weight e*ceeds 33 grams let B denote the event that a

weight is less than or e$ual to 34 grams and let C denote the event that a weight is

greater than or e$ual to 5 grams and less than 36 grams.

!escribe the following events.

b) AB c)AB d)A e) A B C

f) (AC) g) A B C h) B C i) A B C

a) Answer: 7. nonnegative integers from 1 to the largest integer that can be displa)ed

b) the scale 7.81369:;

b) 7 c) 836 39 3< 34; d) 813 6:33;

e) 7 f)8136:.=; g) > h)> i) 85?31:;

Question 4

An e*periment consists of flipping a coin and then tossing a die once if the coin shows

head. #f the coin shows tail the die is tossed twice.

a) !escribe the sample space b) listing its elements.

b) !escribe the sample space using a tree diagram.

Answer:

a) 7. 8(@3) (@6) (@9) (@<) (@4) (@A) (T33) (T36) (T39) (T3<) (T34)

(T3A) (T63) (T66) (T69) (T6<) (T64) (T6A) (T93) (T96) (T99)

(T9<) (T94) (T9A) (T<3) (T<6) (T<9) (T<<) (T<4) (T<A) (T43)

(T46) (T49) (T4<) (T44) (T4A) (TA3) (TA6) (TA9) (TA<) (TA4)

(TAA);

b)

Question 5

+or the sample in $uestion <:

a) 2ist the element of event A: a number less than 9 occurs on a die

b) 2ist the element of event B: a tail occurs

c) 2ist the elements of event A

d) 2ist the elements of event A B

e) 2ist the elements of event AB

Answer:

a) A.8(@3) (@6) (T33) (T36) (T39) (T3<) (T34) (T3A) (T63) (T66) (T69)

(T6<) (T64) (T6A) (T93) (T96) (T<3) (T<6) (T43) (T46) (TA3) (TA6) ;

b) B.8 (T33) (T36) (T39) (T3<) (T34) (T3A) (T63) (T66) (T69) (T6<)

(T64) (T6A) (T93) (T96) (T99) (T9<) (T94) (T9A) (T<3) (T<6)

(T<9) (T<<) (T<4) (T<A) (T43) (T46) (T49) (T4<) (T44) (T4A)

(TA3) (TA6) (TA9) (TA<) (TA4) (TAA);

c) C.8(@9) (@<) (@4) (@A) (T99) (T9<) (T94) (T9A) (T<9) (T<<) (T<4)

(T<A) (T49) (T4<) (T44) (T4A) (TA9) (TA<) (TA4) (TAA);

d) !.8 (T99) (T9<) (T94) (T9A) (T<9) (T<<) (T<4) (T<A) (T49) (T4<) (T44)

(T4A) (TA9) (TA<) (TA4) (TAA);

e) B.8(@3) (@6) (T33) (T36) (T39) (T3<) (T34) (T3A) (T63) (T66) (T69)

(T6<) (T64) (T6A) (T93) (T96) (T99) (T9<) (T94) (T9A) (T<3) (T<6)

(T<9) (T<<) (T<4) (T<A) (T43) (T46) (T49) (T4<) (T44) (T4A) (TA3)

(TA6) (TA9) (TA<) (TA4) (TAA);

Question 6

2et 7 . 8*C *

6

D311; & . 8*C1D*DA; and %. 8*C E=D*D3;. +ind:

a) &%

b) &%

c) &

d) &%

Answer:

a) &%.8 *CE=D*DA;

b) &% .8 *C1D*D3;

c) & . 8 *C 31F*GA or E31D*,1 ;

d) %.8 *C E31D*,E= or 31F*G3 ;

&% . 8*C E31D*,E= or 31F*GA ;

Question

There is a world conference held in Atlanta "eorgia. The) are recruiting volunteers from

universities. !ata of volunteers is displa)ed below in terms of maHor bacIground gender

and originalit) of "eorgia.

&ale from "A &ale %ot from "A +emale from "A +emale not from "A

Business 61 91 6 34

7cience 31 9 4 36

Bngineering ? 36 4 ?

Jthers = 4 33 5

a) #f # randoml) select a student find the probabilit) that the student is from "A.

b) #f # randoml) select a student and given that the student is business maHor

find the probabilit) that the student is &ale or from "A

c) #f # randoml) select a student and given that the student is male find the

probabilit) that the student is engineering maHor and from "A

Answer:

a) Total number of students .3A9

%umber from "A. 61K31K?K=K34K36K?K5.?1

Thus ?1L3A9

b) PM(&ale "A) C business maHor N . PM(&ale "A) business maHor N L

PMbusiness maHorN .M(61K91K6)L3A9NL(61K91K6K34L3A9).46LA=

c) PM(Bngineering "A) C &ale N . PM(Bngineering "A) &ale N L P(&ale)

.(?L3A9)(L(61K31K?K=K91K9K36K4)L3A9)

.?L?A

Question !

/hich of the following pairs of events are mutuall) e*clusive0

a) A golfer scoring the lowest 35Ehole round in a =6 hole tournament and losing the

tournament.

b) A mother giving birth to a bab) girl and a set of twins on the same da).

c) A baseball team losing the last game of the /orld 7eries and winning the /orld

7eries.

d) A student being intelligent charming and witt) and a student being enrolled in

2afa)ette College

Answer:

a) and b) are not mutuall) e*clusive.

c) and d) are mutuall) e*clusive

Question "

!iabetes patients are classified as to their blood t)pe (A B AB J) their blood pressure

(low medium and high) bod) weight (light normal heav)). +ind the total number of

wa)s a diabetes patient can be classified.

(< blood t)pes) O (9 blood pressures) O (9 bod) weight) .9A

Question 10

The freshmen in engineering are re$uired to taIe courses in the categories of science

engineering business and humanities. +or the first semester there are four electives in

science five electives in engineering si* in business and three in humanities.

The student are re$uired to register two science courses one engineering course one

business course and one in humanities. @ow man) options does the student have (number

of courses combinations)0

Answer: <C6 P 4C3 PAC3 P9C3 .4<1

Question 11

A soccer team has 34 pla)ers. Jne is the goalIeeper. The rest 3< pla)ers are active on the

field. There are A defenders A midfielders and 6 forwards. A starting lineEup consists of 9

defenders 4 midfielders and 6 forwards. @ow man) different starting lineEups might be

selected where pla)ers must pla) in their position0

Answer: AC9P AC4 P6C6 P3C3 .361

Question 12

#n how man) wa)s can 9 candidates be selected from a pool of 5 applicants0

5C9 .4A

Question 13

The sample space of a random e*periment is 8a b c d e; with probabilit) 1.31.3 1.6

1.< and 1.6 respectivel). 2et A denote the event 8a b c; and let B denote the event8c

d e;.

!etermine the following:

a) P(A) b) P(B) c) P(A) d) P(A B) e) P(AB)

Answer:

a) 1.3K1.3K1.6. 1.<

b) 1.6K1.<K1.6. 1.5

c) 3E1.<.1.A

d) 1.<K1.A.3

e) 1.6

Question 14

A fair coin is tossed four times. !etermine the following probabilities:

+or part a and b: 7. 8@TTT @TT@ T@TT T@T@ TT@@ TT@T @@TT

@@T@ @T@@ @T@T T@@@ T@@T @@@@ @@@T TTT@ TTTT;

a) Pr( of the se$uence @@@@)

b) Pr(more heads than tails)

c) "iven that )ou get at least one head find Pr( more heads than tails given that )ou

get at least one head)

d) "iven that )ou get at least two tails find

Pr(e*actl) one head given that )ou get at least two tails)

Answer: a) 3L3A

b) 4L3A

c) 7.8 @TTT @TT@ T@TT T@T@ TT@@ TT@T @@TT @@T@ @T@@ @T@T

T@@@ T@@T @@@@ @@@T TTT@;

Pr( more heads than tails give that )ou get at least one head) . 4L34

d) 7.8@TTT @TT@ T@TT T@T@ TT@@ TT@T @@TT @T@T T@@T TTT@

TTTT;

Pr(e*actl) one head given that )ou get at least two tails). <L33

Question 15

7ample of emissions from three suppliers are classified for conformance to airE$ualit)

specification. The results from 311 samples are summariQed as follows:

Conforms

Res %o

3 66 5

7upplier 6 64 4

9 91 31

2et A denote the event that a sample is from 7upplier 3 and let B denote the event that a

sample conforms to specifications. #f a sample is selected at random determine the

following probabilities:

a) P(A) b) P(B) c)P(A) d) P(AB) e) P(AB)

f) P (AB)

Answer: a)(66K5)L311 . 1.9

b) (66K64K91)L311.1.==

c) 3E1.9 . 1.=

d) 66L311. 1.66

e) 3E(4K31)L311.1.54

f) 3E5L311. 1.?6

Question 16

The Tigers and Phillies have split the first < games of the /orld 7eries (each team has

won two games). Thus we now have a best 6 out of 9 series. The probabilit) that either

team wins game 4 A and = (if game = is necessar)) varies because of the different

pitchers and home field advantage. The probabilit) that the Tigers win game five is 1.=.

The probabilit) that the Tigers win game A is 1.<. The probabilit) that the Tigers win

game = is 1.4. The outcome of each game is independent of other games.

a) +ind the probabilit) that the Tigers win the /orld 7eries.

b) "iven that the Phillies win game five find the probabilit) that the Tigers win the

/orld 7eries.

Answer:

a) Bvents where Tigers win the series

TT p.1.= * 1.< . 1.65

PTT p. 1.9 * 1.< * 1.4 . 1.1A

TPT p. 1.= * 1.A * 1.4 . 1.63

Total probabilit) . 1.65 K 1.1A K 1.63

. 0#55

b) Tigers must win games A and =. Probabilit) of this is 1.< * 1.4 . 0#20

JS can do it using conditional probabilit) as follows:

Conditional probabilit) that Tigers win the world series given that Phillies win game five

. (1.9 * 1.< * 1.4)L 1.9 . 0#20

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