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# The topic that we want to learn :

DENSITY
Prior knowledge
Weight The measure of the force of gravity pulling down on an object

## Sink To go down below the surface or towards the bottom

of a liquid or soft substance

## Float To stay on or near the surface of a liquid and not sink

Apparatus and material
• Beaker 500 ml
• 250 ml of water
• 100 ml of cooking oil
• 5 spatula of sand
• 1 cork
• 1 needle
Buoyancy
• Buoyancy is related to the floating
or sinking of an object in liquid.

## • The buoyancy of a substance

depends on the densities of the
substances compared.
Comparing the buoyancy of two
solids.

Cork

Wate
r
Iron

## • Cork floats on the surface of the water

because its is less dense than the water.
• Iron sinks in water because its is denser than
the water.
From the experiment, we can conclude
that:-
• Solids which are denser will sink in
liquids which are less dense.

## • Solids which are less dense will float on

the surface of a denser liquid.
Comparing the buoyancy of several
liquids
• Oil floats on the
surface of water
Oil because it is less
Wate
dense than
r water.
Mercur
• Mercury sinks in
y water because it
is denser than
water.
WORKSHEET 1

OBJECTIVE :
-Define the concept of density
- Carry out activities to
explore the applications of
concept density
APPLICATION:
Submarine float and sink
EXPLANATION:
A submarine can descend or rise by
changing its overall density relative to the
water around it. It does this by filling its
ballast tanks either with water (increasing its
density) or with air (decreasing its density).
Decreasing the amount of water in its ballast
tanks by replacing it with air lowers the total
mass of the submarine; this decreases
its density.