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The topic that we want to learn :

Prior knowledge
Weight The measure of the force of gravity pulling down on an object

Mass The amount of matter in a substance or object

Volume The space occupies by a substance

Sink To go down below the surface or towards the bottom

of a liquid or soft substance

Float To stay on or near the surface of a liquid and not sink

Apparatus and material
• Beaker 500 ml
• 250 ml of water
• 100 ml of cooking oil
• 5 spatula of sand
• 1 cork
• 1 needle
• Buoyancy is related to the floating
or sinking of an object in liquid.

• The buoyancy of a substance

depends on the densities of the
substances compared.
Comparing the buoyancy of two



• Cork floats on the surface of the water

because its is less dense than the water.
• Iron sinks in water because its is denser than
the water.
From the experiment, we can conclude
• Solids which are denser will sink in
liquids which are less dense.

• Solids which are less dense will float on

the surface of a denser liquid.
Comparing the buoyancy of several
• Oil floats on the
surface of water
Oil because it is less
dense than
r water.
• Mercury sinks in
y water because it
is denser than

-Define the concept of density
- Carry out activities to
explore the applications of
concept density
Submarine float and sink
A submarine can descend or rise by
changing its overall density relative to the
water around it. It does this by filling its
ballast tanks either with water (increasing its
density) or with air (decreasing its density).
Decreasing the amount of water in its ballast
tanks by replacing it with air lowers the total
mass of the submarine; this decreases
its density.
We learn about:

• The object sink in water because its

density is higher than the density
of water
• The object float on the water
because its density is less
dense than the density of water
Thank You