The four Vedas, notably the hymns of the Rigveda, contain allusions to many mythological themes (see Rigvedic deities, Rigvedic rivers). In the period of Classical Sanskrit, much mythological material is preserved in the Sanskrit epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. Besides mythology proper, the voluminous epics also provide a plethora of information about ancient Indian society, philosophy, culture, religion and ways of life. The Puranas deal with stories that are "myth logically" older than the epics (Purana is Sanskrit for "ancient"). The date of the Puranic texts as

The two great Hindu Epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata tell the story of two specific incarnations of Vishnu (Rama and Krishna). The epics Mahabharata and Ramayana serve as both religious scriptures and a rich source of philosophy and morality for a Hindu. The most famous of these chapters is the Bhagavath Gita (Sanskrit: The Lord's Song) in the Mahabharata, in which Lord Krishna explains the concepts of duty and righteousness to the hero Arjuna before the climactic battle. These stories are deeply embedded in Hindu philosophy and serve as parables and sources of devotion for Hindus. The Mahabharata is the world's longest epic in verse, running to more

Gods and goddesses
There are many deities in Hinduism. At the top are the trimurti: Shiva (the destroyer), Vishnu (the protector), and Brahma (the creator), and their wives (goddesses in their own right). Brahma is considered the ruler of the highest of the heavens (the world called Sathya), so in one sense, Brahma is not beyond the fourteen worlds as Shiva and Vishnu are. Other notable inhabitants of the heavens include the celestial sages, and Naaradha the messenger of the gods. Yama (the god of death and justice) is said to live in Kailash along with his master Shiva. He

Hindu mythological wars
While no Hindu Epic or scripture fails to describe the horrors of war and its fallout, major wars are fought with a religious purpose.The most destructive wars in Hindu Lore are driven with the mission of good triumphing over evil. Hindu teachings prescribe war as the final option, to be employed only after all peaceful methods are exhausted. But when this time comes, war is taught to be a matter of great personal and religious importance, where every man must do his duty as a warrior. The Bhagavad Gita places duty above all gain and loss, triumph and destruction, no matter how terrible or personal it becomes.

The Avatars of Lord Vishnu
Matsya, Kurma, Varaha, Vamana, Narasimha, Parshuram, Rama, Krishna, Buddha, Kalki, Narayanastra, Vaishnavastra, Kaumodaki.

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