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WSDOT Pavement Guide

WSDOT Pavement Guide

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Published by: haftamuTekle on Dec 26, 2009
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06/21/2013

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Aggregates can come from either natural or manufactured sources. Natural aggregates come from rock, of which there are
three broad geological classifications (Roberts, et al., 1996):

q Igneous rock. These rocks are primarily crystalline and are formed by the cooling of molten rock material

beneath the earth’s crust (magma).

q Sedimentary rocks. These rocks are formed from deposited insoluble material (e.g., the remains of existing rock

http://training.ce.washington.edu/WSDOT/Modules/03_materials/03-2_body.htm (1 of 23)4/2/2008 6:28:52 PM

3.2 Materials - Aggregate

deposited on the bottom of an ocean or lake). This material is transformed to rock by heat and pressure.
Sedimentary rocks are layered in appearance and are further classified based on their predominant mineral as
calcareous (limestone, chalk, etc.), siliceous (chert, sandstone, etc.) or argillaceous (shale, etc.).

q Metamorphic rock. These are igneous or sedimentary rocks that have been subjected to heat and/or pressure

great enough to change their mineral structure so as to be different from the original rock.

Manufactured rock typically consists of industrial byproducts such as slag (byproduct of the metallurgical processing –
typically produced from processing steel, tin and copper) or specialty rock that is produced to have a particular physical
characteristic not found in natural rock (such as the low density of lightweight aggregate).

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