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Math 16B Midterm 2y Solution

April 3, 2012
1. Use substitution to solve

6x
2
sin(x
3
)dx
Solution. Let u = x
3
, and du = 3x
2
dx.

6x
2
sin(x
3
)dx =

2 sin(u)du = −2 cos(u) + C = −2 cos(x
3
) + C
2. Use integration by parts to solve

ln x
x
5
dx
Solution. Let f(x) = ln x, f

(x) =
1
x
, and g

(x) =
1
x
5
, g(x) = −
1
4x
4
.

ln x
x
5
dx =−
ln x
4x
4
+

1
x
1
4x
4
dx = −
ln x
4x
4
+

1
4x
5
dx = −
ln x
4x
4

1
16x
4
+ C
3. Solve

0
−1
(x
2
−1)(x
3
−3x)
4
dx
Solution. Let u = x
3
−3x, du = 3x
2
−3.

0
−1
(x
2
−1)(x
3
−3x)
4
dx =

0
2
u
4
3
du = −

2
0
u
4
3
du =


1
15
u
5

2
0
= −
32
15
4. Solve


0
50e
−50x
dx
Solution.


0
50e
−50x
dx = lim
b→∞

b
0
50e
−50x
dx = lim
b→∞

−e
−50x

b
0
= lim
b→∞
−e
−50b
+ 1 = 1
5. If the function f(t) is a solution of the initial value problem
y

= e
t
+ y, y(1) = 4
Find f(1) and f

(1).
Solution. f(1) = 4. f

(1) = e
1
+ y(1) = e + 4.
1
6. Solve
y

= t
2
e
−3y
, y(0) = 1
Solution.
y

e
−3y
=t
2

e
3y
dy =

t
2
dt
e
3y
3
=
1
3
t
3
+ C
For t = 0,
e
3
3
=C
So we get
e
3y
=t
3
+ e
3
y =
1
3
ln(t
3
+ e
3
)
7. Solve the following equation using an integrating factor, assuming t > 0.
y

=
18 −y
2
Solution.
y

+
y
2
= 9
Let A(t) =
t
2
.
y(t) = e

t
2

9e
t
2
dt + C

= e

t
2
(18e
t
2
+ C) = 18 + Ce

t
2
2